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therefrom. True democracy bas its limita- agreeable for innocent children and reputable ize any too strongly. It is a great deal more tions—it does not give any one the privilege
arbitrary than the compulsion of military to be as filthy as be pleases, as disgusting in If we had not already given so much service during the time of war. For this his habits as he likes, or as worthless as he space to a rather slight matter, we should the draft is resorted to only at the last exchooses. The parks are designed for and endeavor to draw a political lesson from the tremity, and when drafted a man is not only really needed by all that large, respectable subject—to show how even the mendicancy privileged to send a substitute, but he is often mass of people who cannot spend their sum- of a free seat in a park encourages idleness aided in his efforts to obtain one. The commers in the country, and not for vagabonds and dissoluteness, and that there can be no pulsory feature is reduced to its minimum. -a class who have no rights that anybody such thing as free bestowing without certain But in jury-matters a man is not permitted is called upon to consider or respect. In demoralizing results. The poor woman who to send a substitute; no matter how much no pleasure park in the world open to vehi- pays her penny for her chair would be com- his personal interests may suffer by the re. cles are carts or business-wagons admitted ; | pensated by the dignity of proprietorship, quired service, he obtains no consideration hence, if it is right to make a distinction in the inward satisfaction that she was enjoy. on this account;
sickness alone excuses him; vehicles, it would be right to make a distinc- ing what she had earned and purchased, the and these facts make jury - service one of tion in persons, and to order the exclusion knowledge that she was in reputable com- the most arbitrary and oppressive things in of every man who comes in rags or dirt, who pany; and all these satisfactions would be the world. Think, as in the recent Brookmakes a pool of tobacco-juice upon the pare- enhanced by the liberty of moving her chair lyn case, of men being forced to surrender ment, who salutes the nostrils of unoffending to such positions or to such compavionships nearly six months of their time in order to citizens with the horrible aroma of a filthy as she might elect. However, all these de- adjust a miserable scandal, and realize the pipe, or in any other way makes himself an ductions and arguments are certain to be of atrocious injustice of the institution ! object of abhorrence to decent folk. A park no avail; we run our governments here in A remedy for the evil is not difficult to is a sort of public parlor, to which every- the interest of the good-for-nothing, and find. In cases capital crime it may still body is under obligation to come in decent hence the vagabonds are sure to remain. be necessary to retain the system, removing apparel and in his best bebavior.
Perhaps, however, there might be a com- from it, however, its compulsory feature, so A very different picture in the particular promise-one portion of the parks with free far at least as to select for jurors those only we bare dwelt upon is presented in most of seats, and another where one might have a who would not personally or in business sufthe European parks. There the seats are chair and be at his ease at a safe distance ser by the detention. In the immense range usually chairs, which are furnished by at- from frowsy rags, tobacco - spitters, pipe- of other questions juries as now constituted tendants at a nominal price--a penny in Eng- smokers, and all other forms of pleasure- are quite unnecessary. Men should be seland or a sou in Paris. This price, small as ground plagues.
lected and paid for this service just as judges it is, serves to exclude vagabonds, and acts as
and other officers of the court are selected a sort of natural selection in the class of peo. The editor of Scribner's Magazine, writ- and remunerated ; or all civil cases might be ple it brings to the parks, and is notably a ing upon our jury-system, declares that the decided by benches of judges, just as appeal means of extending the use of the grounds fact of the service of jurors being compulso- and many other classes of cases are now deand of enhancing the pleasure of those who ry is an outrage upon the rights of the citi. cided. The way to remedy the evil can easily resort to them. When one thinks of the zen. He says:
be found just as soon as the public feeling is rowdies that congregate in Union Square or
" There is no other civil or judicial service
aroused against it, which has only been deat Madison Park, and then recalls the charm. into which men are compelled but this. In layed because of the popular traditional ideas ing domestic scenes he has witnessed in the the time of war the state can compel the ser
of the sacredness of the institution. No gardens of the Luxembourg or at the Champs. volunteer ; but a state of war is altogether an vice of her sons for her defense, if they do not
doubt the jury-system was originally all that Elysées, he is ready to head a crusade against exceptional condition. In a condition of peace is claimed for it. It was the barrier against the New York outcomes of our democratic any compulsory service in the making or ad
the despotic mandates of kings; it interministration of law is essentially a hardship leniency. In the Paris parks one will often
posed between authority and the people an and an outrage. To be forced to compel this see a wife and husband seated in their chairs, service is to acknowledge slavery to prece
important safeguard. But the conditions with their little ones playing about them ; dent, and confess to scantiness of resources. that rendered the jury so indispensable to the man will be reading to bis spouse, and To force men unpaid, or only inadequately
the liberties of the people in former times paid, into the service of the courts, to drag the woman will be engaged in some light bit them away from their business or their fami
have passed away, and it is now quite time of sewing or embroidery, while every now lies, imprison them under the charge of officers, that we employed some method suitable to and then the little ones will come for a smile and annoy them for days, or weeks, or months, the requirements of our present civilization. or a kiss. The picture is so calm, so restful, in which they liave no interest whatever, is
as the case may be, with the details of affairs so domestic, so wholly felicitous, that the oppression, against which our people would
In the first place, it is a settled thing with observer will be completely charmed by it, bavc kicked long ago but for this hallucina- every Englishman that America is a fair and and will wonder why our people have so littion about the sacredness of the jury-trial.”
legitimate subject for his sneers and men. tle genius for extracting pleasure from condi- We most beartily concur with the opinion dacious misrepresentations. In the next tions so simple. But let a family try this ex- here expressed, and hope to see the time place, it is a settled thing with every Bosperiment here. In a few moments the im- when this view of the question will become tonian that New York is a fair and legitimate movable seats would be neighbored by some much more general. The theory that be- subject for his contempt and depreciation. ogling toper, and the fair group would be- cause A and B have quarreled over some Perhaps we deserve a good many of the come the victims of vulgar laughter or ribald idle matter, or on account of a little money, sharp things that are said of us, not only in jests from all the assembled mob of rags twelve men must be forcibly taken from their Bostou, but in other of the upright and and dissoluteness. Let us pull up our free pursuits and be compelled to sacrifice their model municipalities of the land; but then and very detestable democratic seats in the own personal interests, in order to determine sometimes the sneer and the assertion are parks, and adopt some plan whereby these the justice of the dispute, is an outrage rather gratuitous. When, for instance, we pleasure-grounds may be made secure and which our contemporary does not character. find a Boston paper deploring the failure
here of Thomas's orchestral performances, I heath in Sussex, and, believing that this could the paragraph (summarizing his numerous and declaring that “ New York has bad the hardly be attributable to accident, he forth- experiments) in which he proves that the exquisite music of the most perfect band in
with began an elaborate series of experi- leaves are capable of true digestion, and the world lavished upon its dull, coarse ear
ments, the results of which are given in de- that the glands absorb the digested matter :"
tail in the present work. “These results have in vain," indignation is smothered in sur
"The gastric juice of animals contains, as is proved highly remarkable, the more imporprise. But the accusation is so worded,
well known, an acid and a ferment, both of tant ones being — first, the extraordinary
which are indispensable for digestion, and so however, that, if the asserted fact fall to sensitiveness of the glands to slight pressure it is with the secretion of Drosera. When the the ground, the rest is a very good but un- and to minute doses of certain nitrogenous stomach of an animal is mechanically irritated, intended compliment to us. What authority fluids, as shown in the movements of the so- it secretes an acid, and when particles of glass
called hairs or tentacles; secondly, the power or other such objects were placed on the glands bas this critic for saying that the “ exquisite possessed by the leaves of rendering soluble
of Drosera, the secretion, and that of the surmusic of the most perfect band in the world' or digesting nitrogenous substances, and of
rounding and untouched glands, was increased bas been lavished upon our dull, coarse afterward absorbing them; thirdly, the changes
in quantity and became acid. But, according
to Schiff, the stomach of an animal does not ear" (" dull, coarse ear" is good and Bos. which take place within the cells of the ten
secrete its proper ferment, pepsine, until certonian) in vain? The fact is—but perhaps tacles when the glands are excited in various tain substances, which he calls peptogenes, are our amiable critic does not care for facts ways."
absorbed; and it appears from my experiments that uncomfortably jostle his theories-that
The plant has been frequently described that some matter must be absorbed by the
in the various scientific journals, but it may glands of Drosera before they secrete their this “exquisite music " of Mr. Thomas's
be well, before proceeding further, to re- proper ferment. That the secretion does conband has not lacked a full and remunerative fresh the reader's memory with a description
tain a ferment which acts only in the presence following during this and all preceding sum- of it. It bears from two or three to five or
of an acid or solid animal matter, was clearly
proved by adding minute doses of an alkali, We say remunerative rather than ap- six leaves, generally extended more or less
which entirely arrested the process of digespreciative, because evidently, with our “ dull, horizontally, but sometimes standing verti
tion, this immediately recommencing as soon cally upward. The leaves are commonly a coarse ears," it must be our money and not
as the alkali was neutralized by a little weak little broader than long. The whole upper our tastes to which Mr. Thomas's success is
hydrochloric acid. From trials made with a surface is covered with gland - bearing fila- | large number of substances, it was found that to be attributed. However, there is some
ments, or “ tentacles," as Mr. Darwin calls those which the secretion of Drosera dissolved thing in employing our money in good direc- them, from their manner of acting. The completely, or partially, or not at all, are acted tions, whatever may be the motive ; and glands were counted on thirty-one leaves, and
on in exactly the same manner by gastric juice. hence our Boston friend, in conceding that the average number to a leaf was one hun.
We may therefore conclude that the ferment
of Drosera is closely analogous to, or identical we have in New York “the most perfect dred and ninety-two; the greatest number
with, the pepsine of animals." being two hundred and sixty, and the least band in the world,” has only to discover that one hundred and thirty. Each gland is sur
That a plant and an animal should pour Mr. Thomas's success will keep him in our rounded by large drops of an extremely viscid
forth the same, or nearly the same, complex midst, to see how the facts give us praise, secretion, which, glittering in the sun, have
secretion, adapted for the same purpose of despite the efforts of our defamer.
given rise to the plant's poetical name of the digestion, is a new and surely a wonderful “sun-dew." A tentacle consists of a thin, fact in physiology; and even more wonderful straight, hair-like pedicel, carrying a gland
is the structure of the plant, by which, in the Litera ry.
on the summit. The tentacles on the central absence of a nervous system, so complicated
part of the leaf are short and stand upright, a process is accomplished. Perhaps the most THE most surprising of recent discoveries
Toward the striking feature of this structure is the ex
treme sensitiveness of the glands to pressure. that of plants which possess the power not
more inclined outward, with their pedicels | Says Mr. Darwin on this point: only to catch and destroy animal prey, but of a purple color. Those on the extreme “ It is an extraordinary fact that a little bit to digest and absorb its nutritive elements by margin project in the same plane with the of soft thread, it of an inch in length, and a process analogous in all respects to that
leaf, or more commonly are considerably re- weighing syor of a grain, or of a buman hair, which goes on in the human stomacb. Sev. flexed. A few tentacles spring from the base
foon of an inch in lepgth, and weighing only eral monographs on the subject have appeared of the footstalk, and these are the longest of
ritro of a grain, or particles of precipitated both in this country and in England during all, being sometimes nearly one-fourth of an
chalk, after resting for a short time on a gland, the past year or two, and we in our science inch in length. The glands, with the excep
should induce some change in its cells, excitdepartment, as well as the scientific journals, tion of those borne by the extreme marginal
ing them to transmit a motor impulse throughhave made the leading facts familiar to the
out the whole pedicel, consisting of about tentacles, are oval, and of nearly uniform
twenty cells, to near its base, causing this part public, but Mr. Darwin's “ Insectivorous
size, viz., about you of an inch in length. to bend, and the tentacle to sweep through an Plants "* is the first systematic and authori. They have the power of absorption, besides angle of above 180°. That the contents of the tative exposition of the matter, and, as is that of secretion; and they are extremely sen. cells of the glands, and afterward those of the customary with that author, it is thorough
sitive to various stimulants, namely, repeated pedicels, are affected in a plainly visible manand exhaustive. touches, the pressure of minute particles, the
ner by the pressure of minute particles, we The greater portion of Mr. Darwin's ob
shall have abundant evidence when we treat absorption of animal matter and of various servations are devoted to the Drosera ro
of the aggregation of protoplasm. But the
Auids, beat, and galvanic action. tundiflora, popularly called “sun-dew,” which furnish the chief nutriment of the plant (the for the particles are supported by the viscid
case is much more striking than as yet stated; grows wild in many parts of England, and roots being very poorly developed), and these
and dense secretion; nevertheless, even smallwhich belongs to the family of Droseracere, are captured by means of the viscid fluid sur
er ones than those of which the measurements which includes upward of one hundred species, rounding the glands. As soon as even the have been given, when brought by an insenranging in the Old Word from the arctic re
smallest insect is thus entangled, the tenta- sibly slow movement, through the means above gions to Southern India, the Cape of Good
cles bend slowly inward from all directions specified, into contact with the surface of a Hope, Madagascar, and Australia, and in the and carry it to the centre of the leaf, where gland, act on it, and the tentacle bends. The New World from Canada to Tierra del Fuego. it is digested and absorbed; after which, the
pressure exerted by the particle of hair, weighHis attention was first drawn to it in the tentacles reëxpand very slowly, being then
ing only yoino of a grain, and supported by a summer of 1860 by finding how large a num
dense fluid, must have been inconceivably ready for further prey. The chemical changes ber of insects were caught by its leaves on a
slight. We may conjecture that it could hardwhich place in the plant during this
ly have equaled the millionth of a grain ; and * Insectivorous Plants. By Charles Darwin, entire process are most remarkable, and are
we shall hereafter see that far less than the M. A., .F. R.S. With Hlustrations. New York:
described by Mr. Darwin with great minute- millionth of a grain of phosphate of ammonia D. Appleton & Co.
ness of detail ; but we can only find room for in solution, when absorbed by a gland, acts
Tin natural history is unquestionably margine they become longer and longer
on it and induces movement. A bit of hair, St. Simon. The latter is the principal char- which we have any knowledge) pay too little to of an inch in length, and therefore much
acter in the book, and is well worthy of heed to the conditions, physical and moral, larger than those used in the above experi- study, but any attempt to analyze it here of wise parentage, is well enough ; but rements, was not perceived when placed on my
would not only require more space than we form which aims at a practical object tongue; and it is extremely doubtful whether any nerve in the human body, even if in an
can spare, but would also reveal more of the should at least attempt to use practical intlamed condition, would be in any way af
story than the reader would like to know be- means, and not begin by ignoring the most fected by such a particle supported in a dense
forehand. Those who can recall Sister Hel- powerfully operative impulses of human nafluid, and slowly brought into contact with the en, in Rossetti's ballad of that name, will ture. We infer from his closing section that nerve. Yet the cells of the glands of Drosera have caught one phase of her character- Mr. Newton thinks that the chief objection are thus excited to transmit a motor impulse that of a passionate woman whom Jisap- to his suggestions lies against their high to a distant point, inducing movement. It ap- pointed love has rendered as revengeful, as moral plane ; but the difficulty with them is pears to me that hardly any more remarkable
cruel, and as pitiless as a savage. Fanny St. not that they are too moral, but that they are fact than this has been observed in the vege- Simon, however, is a vastly more complex foolish. One of them, for example, is to the table kingdom.”
character than Sister Helen; and the con- effect that a woman before being called upon Among the other insect-eating plants de- stant struggle between her good and evil im- to bear children should feel tbat she is “inscribed by Mr. Darwin, the most remarkable pulses, between the careless, unselfish gen. | dependent and self-supporting. . . . Her husis the Dionæa, a small plant which grows erosity of a born Bohemian and the fierce band should remember that ber services in only in a limited district of North Carolina, egotism of a woman who would commit mur. making home what a home should be, and and which catches its prey by the quick clos- der rather than lose her lover, between blind surely in bearing the burdens of maternity, ing together of its double-lobed leaf when passion on the one hand and the clear in. are above all price . . . and in any case touched. It is not possible, however, for us sight of a thoroughly worldly woman on the where a wife performs her part with ordinary to follow the author further in his interesting other, furnishes a memorable leaf out of the fidelity, she may fairly be considered entitled observations; but must content ourselves great book of human nature. One more feat. to one - half the income, whatever it be, with recommending the book to all lovers of ure of Fanny's character is worthy of men- and to the same freedom in the use of her natural history. We recommend it especial. tion: she is an admirable specimen of that share as has the husband of his." If this ly to those who are inclined to distrust Mr. rare creature in fiction who is not only rep. meant that the wife, thus secured an equal Darwin as a biologist, for scarcely any of his resented by the author as being almost su- share of the income, was to be held equally works illustrates so conspicuously the tire- pernaturally witty and intelligent, but actu- responsible with the husband for the joint less industry with which he accumulates facts, ally illustrates it in her recorded conversa- family expenses, for the education of the and the extreme care with wbich he guards tions. All the dialogue in which she partici- children, and for making provision for their his conclusions.
pates is excellent, and portions of it read future, we presume few husbands would oblike passages out of the old comedies.
ject to an arrangement which would mateMR. FRANK LEE BENEDICT is an excellent Not less life-like, and scarcely less strik. | rially reduce their special burdens; but that illustration of what a moderate amount of ing, than the portraits of St. Simon and Fan- no such thing was in the author's mind is talent oan accomplish by steady work and ny are those of Talbot Castlemaine, Fanny's evident from a subsequent paragraph, in careful cultivation. It is no very long time weak, sensual, vacillating, unprincipled lover, which he insists tbat one of the plainest dusince his literary efforts were confined to a love of whom wrecked at least two women's ties of a father-in addition, we presume, monthly periodical, designed specially for lives; of Roland Spencer, generous, high- giving half bis income to the mother-is to circulation among the semi-cultured multi-spirited, and with the unsophisticated enthu- “provide properly for the education and suptude, and but two or three years have elapsed siasm of youth ; of Gregory Alleyne and Hel. port of bis children." since “My Daughter Elinor” introduced him en Devereux, to whom are assigned the heavy, for the first time to the general public. The respectable róles. Even the minor characters
A CONVENTION of German editors is now in utmost that could be said of “My Daugh- are individual and skillfully drawn. Mrs.
session at Bremen for the purpose of trying to ter Elinor " was that it was a plausibly me- Pattaker is rather overdone, perhaps, and
induce the Imperial Government to remove diocre first work, and little more could be “the Tortoise " is too consistently and per- some of the present restrictions upon the added concerning bis two or three following sistently idiotic; but both are genuinely hu- press. It is not very probable that much can oces; but in “St. Simon's Niece" (New morous conceptions, and are seldom per- be accomplished in this direction at the presYork: Harper & Brothers) we have distinct- mitted to become tedious.
ent time, but the convention may, by perfectly a novel which is deserving of very high Almost the only fault we have to find
ing the union of editors throughout the counpraise. It may be urged, indeed, that the with “St. Simon's Niece" is the occasional
try, prepare the way for the great movement story is sensational, that it is unnecessarily carelessness of style, which not seldom lapses
which must, at some future period, break
through the trammels with which old-time painful, that it compels us to associate with into vulgarity. An author with a vocabu
prejudices still strive to restrain liberty of bad company, that it reveals a perilous ten- lary as copious as that of Mr. Benedict ought thought throughout the greater part of Europe. dency on the part of the author to indulge in to be above using slang in his own person Only a few details have yet been received morbid mental anatomy, and that its tone under any circumstances, and it is surely a concerning the composition and organization altogether is too cynical and blasé to be superfluity of naughtiness to manufacture it. of this convention. But a general notice of healthful—all this may be said with truth, If he insists upon it, however, it is to be
some of the most remarkable newspapers of yet without impairing the fact that the novel | hoped that he will append a vocabulary of
the empire will serve to show what sort of mais one the power of which not only compels original slang-terms to his future works. We
terial is represented therein. The first newshave not the slightest idea what a “jubsy" recognition, but fairly drives out for the
paper in Germany, as to tone, character, and
reputation, is probably the Allgemeine Zeitung, time being all consciousness of these or any man is, and yet, if we are to encounter the
or Universal Gazette, of Augsburg. Though it other defects. The plot, to begin with, is word seven times in a single story, we cer.
is published in an old-fashioned, provincial intensely dramatic, and at the same time tainly consider ourselves entitled to a defi- city, this paper is known and honored in every coherent and “thinkable; " it is developed nition.
part of the civilized world, and has a history with such skill that the interest is maintained
of which it may well be proud. Founded by from first to last; and there is scarcely a AFTER conceding to Mr. A. E. Newton all the famous Cotta publishing-house, in 1798, at single character who does not furnish; in the the credit due to good intentions, we are
Tübingen, it was soon afterward removed to course of the story, an adequate reason for obliged to inform him that his tract entitled
Stuttgart, then to Ulm, and was finally lohis (or her) existence. Few creations of “ The Better Way: An Appeal to Men in
cated at Augsburg, where it quickly acquired
that world-wide fame which it has never modern fiction are more distinctly individual Behalf of Human Culture through Wiser
ceased to deserve. Its fearless advocacy of or more vividly portrayed than St. Simon, the Parentage” (New York: Wood & Holbrook)
liberal principles at a time-previous to 1848bandsome, witty, wily, unscrupulous advent. is an impertinent, feeble, and vulgar produc- when the reactionary spirit which followed urer and swindler, and the even more hand- tion. His cardinal premise, that the men and Napoleon's invasion of Russia had made the some, witty, wily, and upscrupulous niece of women of our day (and of all other days of German rulers almost absolute, caused it to be looked upon as the chosen mouth-piece of the scribers, in Germany alone, amounted some siderations. But even in strictly economic people's party. Herwegh, Hoffmann, Freilig- years ago to five hundred and twelve thou- controversy he sometimes showed a curious rath, and the other great poet-patriots of Ger- sand; and since that time their number has incapacity for entering into the point of view many, were among its contributors, and its been largely increased.
of an antagonist; of which his argument utterances during that dark era were largely Kladderadatsch, the Berlin Charivari or against Professor Jevons in his last treatise instrumental in bringing on the great uprising Punch, was established in 1848, and has be- affords a striking example. On the other that marked the middle of our century. Dur- come a great favorite all over Germany. It is hand, he had the rare and valuable gift of seeing the period which has succeeded its politi- a small sheet, containing humorous pictorial | ing error with the same perfect distinctness oal character has undergone some change, and, hits at passing events, ordinarily of a politica! with which he saw trutb ; so that his exposure in the altered positions of German parties, its character. Its humor is apt to be a little course, of real fallacies and confusions of thought in standing is less clearly defined than formerly ; and its letter-press is seldom equal to its de- his opponents is always delightful to read, yet, in the truest and widest sense of the term, signs; but both are often very amusing, and from its clear and crushing completeness. Init is still thoroughly liberal. This paper con- frequently convey keen and forcible expres- deed, such essays as his review of Bastiat have sists of two parts, one of which is chiefly made sious of public opinion.
the same educational value as his expository up of correspondence from various parts of the At the Vienna Exposition, held a few years treatises; for in a subject where fallacies and world, while the other is a sort of supplement, since, the indomitable Heinrich Stephan, who confusions of thought beset the student at containing the latest news, together with re- has since perfected the great international pos- every step, this “teaching by contraries' is an views of books and literary sketches.
tal treaty lately signed by all the European alınost necessary supplement of direct exposiAnother German paper which is extremely powers and the United States, prepared an ex- tion. And after all deductions are made, we popular, both at home and abroad, is the Köl- hibition of German serials, which attracted cannot but feel that there is no one left who nische Zeitung, or Cologne Gazette. This is a a great deal of attention. One of the most can fill the place of Mr. Cairnes as a master of large, well-printed daily, truly liberal in poli- noticeable features of this exhibition was the either method of instruction ; even if we contics, and edited with marked ability. Its dews space allotted to Die Modenwelt (The Fash- sider only what he actually did, and do not alreports are always very full and reliable, and ion - World), a lady's newspaper, of Leipsic. low ourselves to conjecture what, under hapin this particular department it is unsurpassed Ranged around a copy of the original German pier circumstances, he might have done.” by any Continental paper, not even excepting publication were about a dozen other lady's the Indépendance Belge, of Brussels. journals, all regularly issued in English,
MR. W. F. Rae is engaged upon a companOne of the most notable papers in Berlin is Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Bohemian, Hunga
ion - work to his “Wilkes, Sheridan, Fox; the Neue Preussische Zeitung, or New Prussian rian, French, Spanish, Italian, and Polish cities,
the Opposition under George III.," which Gazette, commonly called the Kreuz-(" Cross") and all literal translations of the corresponding
will be entitled “George Washington; the Zeitung, on account of the large black cross number of Die Modenwelt. The energy of the
American Opposition to George III." which decorates its heading. This journal has German paper in collecting materials and pro
Mr. Browning's new poem will be out in Oclong been known as an organ of the reaction- viding itself with the latest advices on dress
tober. It treats of the effect produced on ary party. It deals with political questions, and fashion received a very practical ackuowl
the mind by sudden loss of fortune. . not only in its own proper columns, but also in edgment in this conception of the German In- Mommsen, the German historian, delivered a supplementary publication called the Rund- spector-General of Post-Offices.
an address at a recent fete given by the Unischau, or “Outlook," of the Kreuz - Zeitung, Even the ultramontane and ultra-reaction- versity of Berlin, in which he said that his which is issued at certain intervals during the ary papers of Germany are directly interested countrymen would be deceived if they hoped year. Some years ago it was so persistent in in the accomplishment of the objects for which
to find an element of prosperity in fresh vicits laudation of that union of the Eastern Euro- the convention at Bremen bas been called
tories. ... Mr. Bain is said to have objected pean monarchies, led by Russia against the namely, greater liberty as to publications, and
to the publication of some of the letters adfirst Napoleon, that it was generally consid- the right to withhold the names of contribu
dressed to him by John Stuart Mill. ... ered a special advocate of Russian aims and tors. It is probable, therefore, that great
The clerical journals of Antwerp attack vioprinciples. Indeed, it was then looked upon unanimity will mark its sessions while these
lently the Communal Council there for allow. by many Germans as a mere agent of the czar; important points are under discussion. And,
ing a translation of Mr. Smiles's “ Self-IIelp" and a well-known scientific man of Berlin, if such should be the case, there can be no
to be given as a prize in the communal schools. having been asked whether he was in the doubt that the Gerinan Government will look
They declare the work to be of an anti-relihabit of reading the Kreuz-Zeitung, replied : with respect upon the action of the united | gious nature. . . . PICTURESQUE EUROPE of “No; I don't understand Russian well enough German press, and be in some measure influ
which the public expectation is keen, will be for that." enced by it.
edited by Bayard Taylor, the fittest man for Opposed to, and very different from, the
the task, indisputably, in the whole country. last-named journal are the Berlinische Nach- In one of those finely appreciative obituary richten, or Berlin News, and the Spenerische articles for which the Spectator is noted, the Zeitung (Spener Gazette)-two influential and late Professor Cairnes is thus described as to well-conducted Berlin papers, published every
Music and the Drama. certain of his mental qualities: “Mr. Cairnes day. They resemble each other in their gen- was a formidable and somewhat unsparing coneral character, and both contain, besides their troversialist. His indignation and contempt news reports and political articles, many very
AE dame of Dr. Hans von Bülow ranks were easily aroused, either by moral or intelcreditable sketches on literature, science, and lectual faults; but the forcible expression of
not far below those of Wagner and these feelings to which he was sometimes
Liszt in the interest which it excites among The Schlesische Zeitung (Silesian Gazette) is prompt was always, so to say, trarsfused the music-loving people of Europe and Amerone of the oldest newspapers in the world, through and sustained by close and candid ica. It is not merely in virtue of his exhaving been established in the first half of the reasoning. He never condescended to the traordinary powers as a pianist, though these eighteenth century, before the Great Frederick slightest trick or unfairness, or any use of ar- give him such a rank as to place him beyond had made Silesia a part of Prussia. It is still i guments ad captandum or ad hominem, but al
competition, except by Rubinstein and Liszt, published at Breslau, where it was originaily ways wrote like an advocate perfectly conti
the latter of whom is now retired from the established, and is a large, flourishing daily dent both in the justice of his cause and in the
active field. Von Bülow's greatness gets its paper, containing ample news reports, able intelligence of his jury. Still, we cannot but editorials, and unusually good reviews of new regret the extent to which, especially in dis
peculiar quality from the fact that, to won. publications. Of the illustrated newspapers, cussing questions of general politics, he lapsed
derful abilities as a performer, he adds intel. properly so called, the best is the Illustrirte into the onesidedness of a mere advocate, in- lectual power and a searching culture, which Zeitung (Illustrated Gazette), published every stead of the more comprehensive and judicial would have given him eminence as a littérateur, Saturday at Leipsic. It resembles the London treatment which we might have expected from philosopher, or jurist. Illustrated News in its general style, and its a scientifically-trained observer of social phe- It is the misfortune of most musicians, pictures, which are usually very appropriate nomena. Perhaps a certain rigidity of intellect,
even composers, that they are the slaves of a and interesting, are well drawn and admirably naturally combined with the qualities that
special sense on which few of the side-lights engraved. But the most universally popular constituted his peculiar excellence as a politof the German illustrated papers is Die Gar
of thought let fall their radiance. They pur. ical economist, somewhat unfitted him for a tenlaube (The Garden-arbor) also published at department of thought where the method is so
sue their faculty 'whithersoever it leads in the Leipsic. This, however, is a literary journal, much more vague and disputable, and where
fixed channels, without troubling themselves intended for the family-circle, and cannot be the attaininent of truth depends on a delicate to seek the food and growth which come of a considered a newspaper. Its regular sub- | balancing of complicated and desperate cou
wide mental survey. Even such great men
as Beethoven and Mozart, living in an epoch had been a failure and bête noire among the master whose medium he for the moment of large mental activity, were little more than gay Parisians, but his most outspoken cham- becomes. children in their thoughts outside of the mere pion carried every thing before him, and be- To the more advanced class of musical world of music, in which they reigned so su. came one of the lions of the art-world. The lovers and students, this virtuoso will be less premely.
next ten years of our pianist's life were given interesting as the mere player than as a great It seems to be the province of the Wag- to the work of founding a great conservatory champion and illustrator of Wagnerism. It Der school of music to attract to itself disci. at Munich, and illustrating the new school is said that he succeeds in introducing the ples who are not simply great artists, but both as author and musician. He was selected essential principles of the new school of mu. who are keen and cultured th ers. Wag. | by Wagner to lead alternately with himself at sic in his playing. How he does this, by ver's theories are linked in the interdepen- the representations of his operas in Munich, what peculiarities of technique and style he dence of music with the other arts, and built wbere only at that time his works found achieves what at first thought seems an im. up on a philosophical idea. No one has appreciative audiences.
possibility, will be awaited with no little done more to illustrate these theories, the il. England had never heard Von Bülow till curiosity. lustrious founder excepted, alike as an artist 1873, in which year he was induced to conand a thinker, than Dr. von Bülow. At an tinue the triumphs he had made in France early stage of his career be threw himself
A very bitter feeling among MR. BARRY SULLIVAN made his first apinto the war raging between the old and new the critics and musicians against Wagner and pearance at Booth's Theatre on the 30th with a zeal which has never shown abate- his followers existed generally, and the player ultimo, under circumstances peculiarly of. ment. As pianist and musician, then, we had to fight against a strong tide of preju- fensive to good taste. Why because it man may expect to welcome in this player the dice. This, however, was triumphantly over- is an Irishman, and has acted Shakespearean most competent and enthusiastic exponent come, and the series of Albert-Hall and Phil. parts with moderate success in the English of the Wagner doctrines now living, next to harmonic concerts of 1873 and '74 were such provinces, his appearance on the American the prophet and law.giver himself. As he is as to create a great enthusiasm. The best boards should be made the occasion of a now looked for in this country, a few brief judges were free to confess that his interpre- noisy and sensational ovation, with military particulars of his career will be of interest. tation seemed to recreate the works of the bands, regiments in uniform, flying banners,
The son of a distinguished novelist and great masters. As conductor, too, be ex. lanterns, and a general meaningless turbu. liltérateur, Baron von Bülow, he studied music cited extraordinary interest by bis magnetic | lence, it is not easy to say. Assuredly there under the celebrated Wieck, the father of control of the orchestra, and mere mechanism is no connection between the artistic rendiClara Schumann, who did so much to inaugu- seemed to disappear entirely from their work tion of a part like Hamlet and the boisterous rate the revolution in piano-forte playing. under the inspiration of his bâton. The ef. frolicking of a horse-race or an agricultural At the age of eighteen he entered himself at fect produced by Von Bülow as a pianist is fair. The whole artificial excitement of Mr. the University of Berlin for the purpose of very well illustrated by the following criti. | Sullivan's opening night, with the procession, studying law, and made himself foremost cism in the Athenæum, for many years a most the music, the military, the addresses to the among those whose pronounced gifts hetok- bitter opponent of Wagner's theories and ad.mob, were of a character calculated to do ened a brilliant career on the bar and bench. herents, while its musical columns were un- the actor great injury in the estimation of all The innate musical feeling, however, was too der the control of the late Henry Chorley : sensible people; and as a protest against destrong, and, by the advice of Liszt, he con- “The more frequently Dr. Bülow performs, grading clap-trap of the kind it would be cluded, at the close of his university studies, the more demonstrative does the approbation well if the better class of theatre-goers should to devote himself to music. He pursued his of his audience become. This result is very leave Mr. Sullivan severely alone during his art with great assiduity, under the instruction natural. The marked individuality which visit to this country. Those who manufactof the celebrated virtuoso, then at the most characterizes his style at first startled those ured the distasteful ado of the occasion dazzling height of his reputation, and drew artists and amateurs who had heard him for ought to be taught that this is not the way from bim his large and liberal views of mu- the first time. As they have followed him in to win the suffrages of the people for art. sic. Adopting Liszt's theories of the func- various works, with or without orchestra, the Hamlets and Othellos are scarcely to be forced tion of the piano, which differed widely from admiration produced by his intellectual and po- down our throats by the bayonets of a poputhe methods of Mozart, Hummel, Moscheles, etic conception of the composers whose works lar regiment, nor is public criticism to be and Thalberg, he learned to treat the instru. he has interpreted by his marvelous mechan. drowned by drum and trumpet, or seduced ment as an orchestra, and make it an organ ism, has steadily increased. So irresistible is from the right paths by bunting and Chinese of all the heights and depths of musical ex- the influence of an independent thinker, that lanterns. pression, so far as its limitations would per- compositions as familiar as household words Mr. Sullivan is a long way from being a mit. No compositions were regarded beyond have been, so to speak, recreated. The most great actor, He has a very pleasing face and the reach of an aggressive technique.
able and experienced pianists of this metropo- presence, a fine, mellow voice, and he knows The young disciple also came to the as- lis do not hesitate to declare that to bear how to pose in very picturesque attitudes, sistance of the Kunstwerk der Zukunft, or Dr. Bülow's performances is to recommence and to fill the eye with a succession of well“Art-Work of the Future,” under which name their lesson and practice.”
studied stage-pictures. He unites in these the new school had commenced its battle, in We quote this from a grave and cautious particulars the instincts of the sculptor and the columns of the leading musical reviews, crtical authority to justify the hope so gener- the painter; his eminently picturesque makeand made himself marked by the boldness, ally entertained that America will hear in Bü- ups show a fine taste for color, and his attieloquence, and vigor of his writing. The low an exponent of the piano, in some re- ! tudes evince a plastic grace that would make attention of Germany was drawn to the spects superior even it may be to Rubinstein. him always an attractive actor in purely pictchampion, and, when he first commenced his The latter is the possessor of a fiery and in- uresque parts. Nor is he without a calm, balconcert-tour in 1853, he was already a man tense individuality, which colors and assimi. anced intelligence. But there is absolutely
For several years he pursued a lates the whole of his performances to a very no fire and no imagination. His cool judgbrilliant career as piano-forte player, and remarkable extent. To such a degree did he ment keeps him always from rant or turbu. professor at the conservatory of Berlin, and carry this, that at times he took extraordi. lence; he never “oversteps the modesty of devoted himself to the labors of poet and nary liberties with the text of his work; never Nature;” in truth, Nature with him is rather critic, as well as those of composer, teacher, failing, indeed, to invest his interpretation closely veiled, and one can get no more than and performer. He broke the shell of the with a superb and suggestive poetry, but of- faint glimpses of ber true form and being. mere virtuoso, and became a master, in the ten wandering from the motive and feeling He errs altogether on the side of tameness.
of the composer. Dr. Bülow, among other His grasp of Hamlet is of the stage, stageyIn 1859 Von Bülow went to Paris, and claims to public interest, we are told, is a that is, it is just that perception of the part created such a furore by his extraordinary most exact and thoughtful scholar in project that a thoroughly-trained actor would have playing as had not been witnessed since the ing his art - work, and assiduously aims to who has limited his study to all the external palmiest days of Liszt and Chopin. Wagner sink his own individuality in that of the arts—of how he shall walk, how he shall