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a charge against a poacher, but who, as the Some wag of a compositor is obviously re- “I had at that time done little else drajudge happens to koow, has killed his aunt, sponsible for the last two words; maybe he matically than compositions of a comic charwhose sole heir he was — not by poison or has been revenging himself on the contributor
acter, which, supported as they then were,
produced far more effect than their intrinsic knife, be it understood, but by a plan evi- for bis illegible handscript. But imagine that
merits in any way warranted, and I felt condently borrowed from “ La Joie fait Peur" gentleman's feelings !
siderable timidity in approaching the presence of Madame Girardiu. He merely gave her to The successful young songstress, Made- of the manager. However, I opened out the understand that her son, who is absent in moiselle Thalberg, is, I am told, about to un
subject, dilated on its attractive qualities, sugChina, bas suddenly returned, and then he dertake an operatic tour in the English prov
gested a suitable cast, aud was altogether get
ting on swiminingly when the inevitable comes into her presence and cries, without a inces in conjunction with Mesdemoiselles Alba
terms came on the tapis, together with the word of warning, “ Your son is dead !” which ni and Belocca, and with the indefatigable Sir no less inevitable disclosure of the day of the happened to be actually the case. The un- Julius Benedict as conductor. “Indefatigable week. I shall never forget the sudden change happy mother died from the effects of the Sir Julius," I may well say. There never was
in the countenance of my hitherto most amishock, and her adroit assassin inherited her a more favorite musician among the fair sex
able friend. He rose, shut-to liis desk with a
bang, and—well, he did not exactly order me estate. The judge taxes the young inan with than be. Early in the day be gives lessons at out, but he so convincingly let me see that the his crime; he becomes infuriated, and, seizing any number of young ladies' private schools, interview was closed, that, like the sensible a pistol that is lying on the desk, he fires at and in the evening we find him wielding the dog in the play, I descended the managerial his accuser, and misses him, whereupon the bâton at some concert or festival miles and
staircase with alacrity. judge orders him into custody for an attempt
" The following day I received a summons
to the great man's presence. He was once at murder. “Twenty years of the galleys !" Messrs. Hamilton's panorama of America more all geniality. It was Saturday, and, deexclaims the judge, exult ly; " and now for is at present“ located" at the Great St. James's spite its being the one day in the week on my breakfast-je dijeune à midi.” As will be Hall, but I am sorry to say it is not drawing
which one would imagine a manager would not seen by the above outline of the plot, this lit- good houses. The fact is, the days of pano
smile, my friend in question did smile, and
banded me a check with the blandest cortle piece possesses a good deal of force and ramas are past, just as are the days of menage
diality. originality. The dialogue also is terse and ries and Punch-aud-Judy shows. Yet many "And now,' I ventured to remark, having telling. The “ Million de M. Pomard” of Messrs. Hamilton's views are very cleverly pocketed the check as a sage precaution—' and sembles too much the “Bons Villageois" of painted, and they have, moreover, secured a now, may I inquire what there is so terrible Sardou. Like that brilliant comedy, it treats
about Friday as a– right genial and versatile “guide," Mr. Arthur
66. Don't!' he exclaimed, loudly; 'don't of the miseries of a wealthy proprietor from Mattheson, the librettist, a gentleman pretty mention that day to me. I hate it. I never Paris, who seeks to establish himself in a ru- well known, I am given to understand, in your produce a new piece on a Friday; I neverral district. It was very well acted, and is Empire City.
"Oh, indeed!' I replied, rather knowingquite amusing, potwithstanding the lack of As I write, the first promenade concert (at ly as I thought. "How about Boxing-day
The Christmas pieces come out
on that day, I povelty in the leading idea.
Covent Garden) of the season is on the point believe. When it falls on a Friday, do you The other theatres are gradually awaken- of being given. This year, as last, the con
postpone your production?' ing from their suminer lethargy. A new piece certs are to be under the direction of the well- “I shall never forget the look of mingled called “ The Man with the White Rabbit" has known refreshment contractors, Messrs. Gatti. contempt and scorn which overspread the been brought out at the Palais Royal. It is For the opening night, Signor Arditti has ar
manager's countenance at this question of simply a broad farce, without any pretensions ranged " a grand selection”-as the advertise
mine. We didn't speak for months.
“I have since then never met but one manto literary merit. Such a play must be very ments put it—" from Wagner's ‘Lohengrin,' ager who would hear of producing a new play funny to be successful, and “The Man with for full orchestra and military bands," while on a Friday, and he did so because it was his the White Rabbit" is not very funny. The the principal vocalists are Mesdemoiselles Bi- benefit. It was a melodrama of my own, and Comédie Française has at last announced a anchi and Christino and Mr. (not Signor, mark
it ran seven months. But, of course, that was
only the exception that proved the rule." semi-novelty, in the shape of a revival of you !) V. Fabrini. "Baron Lafleur," a comedy in three acts, and Miss Florence Marryat — or rather Mrs. Mr. T. Adolphus Trollope has given us, in verse, by Camille Doucet. Coquelin is to Ross-Church — the editor of London Society, within the last few days, two volumes of his play the leading role in this revival, which is one of the best paying of our magazines, bas short tales. The first is called " Diamond cut to take place the latter part of tliis week. a daughter who is taking to the stage. The Diamond; a Story of Tuscan Life." There Membrée, the composer of those very heavy young lady's name is Eva, and very shortly are others entitled “Vittoria Accoramboni,” operas, “L'Esclave” and “Les Parias," has she will make her debut at London-by-the-Sea, “The Golden Book of Torcello," “ The Duchfinished two inore, which are entitled respec- otherwise Brighton. If she is only as clever ess Veronica," etc. Messrs. Chapman & Hall tively“ Colomba” and “ The Red Monk." The an elocutionist as her mother, she will soon are the publishers. Another work which has libretto of the former is taken from Merimée's make her way.
just been issued is “ The Abode of Snor: novel of the same name.
The French edition of Poe's “ Raven," by Observations on a Journey from Chinese ThiLUCY H. HOOPER.
Stéphane Mallarme, which you referred to a bet to the Indian Caucasus, through the Upper week or two ago, is a ponderous tome, indeed. Valleys of the Himalaya.” This is by Mr. My friend Mr. Ingram has had one of the vol- Andrew Wilson, and is published by Messrs.
umes (only two hundred and forty bave been Blackwood. I should tell you here that an OUR LONDON LETTER.
printed) presented to him ; this, like its fel- anonymous novel recently issued by Messrs. That of late best-abused of artists, Mr.
lows, is two feet high by eighteer inches Bentley-it is called " Comin' thro' the Rve" Millais, must have made a tidy little sum by
broad. Manet's illustrations are wonderfully -is rumored to be by Miss Broughton. The his brush, and he seems to be laying it out in weird and imaginative; they remind one of Athenæum says there is a great deal of power a substantial way. Just now he is building a Doré. By-the-way, Mr. Ingram's edition of in it; so there is—and it is certainly Rhodafine mansion not far from the Duke of Bed- Poe is in its third edition.
Broughtonish power, which is by no means ford's at South Kensington, and it will cost, it
A few days hence Mr. John S. Clarke will easy to imitate. Who can depict fashionable is said, over twenty thousand pounds before appear as
star" at the Haymarket, and, by- lovers so well as she? it is finished.
and-by, Miss Neilson will appear there as Ju- The Scotch folk remain as "unco guid" as There are misprints and misprints. Some liet. The veteran author of “Box and Cox," ever-that is, the few of them who still reside are laughable, others are merely irritating. Mr. Madison Morton, is bu on a three-act ayont the Tweed. When they come over here One of the most amusing I have ever seen ap- comedy for the same theatre, and Mr. Henry their intense piousness is soon rubbed off in pears in a London weekly this week. The J. Byron and W. S. Gilbert are likewise writ- their desperate struggles to get on, and it is paper in question contains an article on pres- ing pieces for it. In his piece Mr. Byron will not long before they fall into our wicked ways. ent-day chivalry, and in the course of it the himself take part. From all which you will However, in “the land of the mountain and famous lines of Lovelace
see that Mr. Sothern intends to inaugurate his the flood” itself, they still have a strong obmanagement thoroughly well.
jection to theatres, as you will guess when I " Yet this inconstancy is such
I mentioned Mr. Byron just now-a fact tell you that they have at the present moAs you, too, shall adore :
which reminds me that he has written a most I could not love you, sweet, so much,
ment only eight or ten in their midst. There Loved I not honor more
amusing article on " Professional Supersti- are, for instance, three in Glasgow (but then
tions” for the first number of the forthcoming Glasgow is a very “fast” city), one in Edinare printed as follows:
London Magazine. Let me give you a “plum" burgh, one in Greenock, one in Dundee, and " Yet this inconstancy is such
out of it. Describing an interview with a cer- one in Aberdeen. Perth has no theatre at all, As you, too, shall adore:
tain manager, whose "unswervable rule” was and within the last few days it has been agiI could not love you, sweet, so much,
never to transact any theatrical business on a tated to its very centre because a couple of Loved I not Hannah Moore !" Friday, he says:
daring and ungodly individuals have been en
deavoring to obtain licenses tu erect one. Bless he thought, on his death-bed at his cottage at | ing in contact with a whale, that she was unyou, the magistrates would uot hear of such a Fordham dictated it because, as he said, | able to proceed on her voyage, but returned thing! They rose en masse agaiust the im- “the publishers would all bo greedy for his
to Liverpool for repairs. It was with a vicw pious application, bedridden bailies even got life” when he was gone! Mr. Ingram hus
to overcome these objections that Mr. Grif. out of their beds to denounce it. There nev- promised to give me a résumé of it for my er was such a scene, and in the end, of course, next letter; so, meanwhile, verb. sap.
fiths suggested the plan bere illustrated, and the would-be managers retired mightily dis
as the English Admiralty regarded it of suf
WILL WILLIAMS. comforted. All this reminds me of an anec
ficient merit to deserve a thorough trial, and dole my friend Mr. Joseph Eldred, who is
as that trial proved a success, we are induced just now playing, and playing capitally, too, Science, Invention, Discovery. to direct the attention .of our readers to the
subject. the Olympic, told me a little while ago. At
As described in The Engineer, Mr. Grifthe time the Edinburgh Theatre Royal was
AN IMPROVED SCREW-PROPELLER.
fiths plan is to put the screw into a casing burnt down he was the lessee of the local
Α' operetta-house, the only other place of amuse
MONG the numberless inventions upon of fifty by seventy-five per cent. larger area
the merits of which naval engineers than that of the screw-disk, and provided ment in "Auld Reekie.” Naturally, he was
and architects are called upon to decide, with an opening underneath, so that the not over-sorry at the calamity; I won't say that he actually rejoiced, but some of the
those relating to improvements in the form screw is not supplied with water that would “ pros” under him did, for they argued, you
or general construction of the screw-propel- otherwise flow into the space left by the ship, see, that the canny inhabitants were now bound | ler occupy a prominent place. In spite of nor does the ship rob it of any of the water to come and see them. As for his friends out- the active efforts of mechanics and inventors, which it requires to force back in order to side, they poked him slyly in the ribs, called however, it rarely occurs that their plans pos- give the full forward thrust. Then, as is evihim " lucky dog," and hinted jocularly that sess sufficient merit to commend their adop-dent by an examination of the accompanying he himself had applied the match which
tion; hence, when any worthy plan is sub- illustration, the screw—there shown by the had set the rival house in flames. In the end, mitted, the traveling public, together with
dotted lines—is completely protected from Mr. Eldred was so impressed with the idea that his fortune was about to be made that the evening after the conflagration be had his doors barricaded, hired extra money-takers, box-keepers, and check-takers-in short, made every necessary preparation for the grand " rush" and "crush” that was expected. Ah, at that time he little knew how superstitious Scotchmen are! The curtain rose to the worst house he ever had; he could have counted the audience on his fingers ! The good folk of Scotland's capital looked upon the destruction of the Theatre Royal as a warning to them. " It's a visitation of the Almighty," declared they. “Na, na," said one worthy old shopkeeper, “I'll ne'er gang to a theatre again ; it's the deil's hoose, that is it !"
This is an age of testimonials. Why, was it not only the other day that a society was founded, the members of which were each to receive at stated intervals a service of plate, a valuable gold watch, or something of that kind, subscribed for by the other members? The latest testimonial talked about is one for Dr. Charles Mackay, the well-known song-writer and journalist (who does not know his “ Cheer, Boys, Cheer?”). The learned doctor is well on in life (I need hardly remind you that he lived in New York for some years), and few in their literary capacity have served their country better. Doubtless the testimonial will be a substantial one; indeed, the names of the committee would insure that. Here are
those who are directly interested in all im- contact with foreign objects such as we have a few of them : the Dukes of Westminster and provements in mechanical engineering, would mentioned. Another argument in favor of Sutherland, the Marquises of Lorne and Har- do well to inform themselves regarding its the casing is, that when adapted to war-vestington, Earl Russell, Professor Tyndall, and special merits. Among the earliest and most sels it will act the part of an armor-plate Mr. Theodore Martin.
forcible of the many objections raised against about the screw, thus protecting it from shot Mr. Norman Lockyer, the distinguished the screw or fan-propeller was, that it occu- and shell, and, what is a more probablo astronomer and editor of Nature, is, I am told, pied a place so directly in the wake of the source of danger, the bursting of torpedoes. about to start on a very pleasant mission. He
ship as not to be able to utilize the full re- The arguments in favor of the plan were has been deputed by our government to visit
sisting power of the waters—in other words, regarded as of sufficient force to justify the the various courts of Europe and lay before them the advisability of their sending "ex
that the screw, from its very location, must naval officials in authorizing a practical test, hibits” to the forthcoming exhibition of sci
needs act upon a current of water flowing to which end H. M. S. Bruiser was placed at entific instruments at South Kensington. As
away from it. Nor is this objection without the service of the inventor. Of course, the he will have carte blanche, our astronomer re- force, and hence it is that many of the inven- only question to be definitely determined by joices muchly, to use Artemus's phrase. tions to which we have alluded are designed a trial-trip was the value of the casing as an
Didn't I tell you, some weeks ago, that Mr. to meet it. Another serious objection to the l aid to the speed of the vessel, its use as a Ingram is engaged on a lengthy life of the au- screw as a means of propulsion is, that when guard or armor being self-evident. The rethor of “The Raven?” Any way, such is
broken, as it is liable to be by contact with port of this trial reads as follows: the case, and I think Mr. Stoddard will be somewhat disconcerted when it appears. For ice, floating spars, or even large fish, there
“The Bruiser was first tried on the 26th of why? That gentleman has declared positively
is no remedy but to return to port and go February with her propeller fitted in the orthat Poe was never in France; but it so hap- upon the docks. An instance of this charac- dinary way, ber course ing over the measpens that Mr. Ingram has in his possession a
ter is just at hand, foreign dispatches having ured distance within the breakwater at Plymfull account of the poet's adventures there.
within a few days announced that one of the outh. The force of the wind was two to He dictated it to a lady-friend as he lay, as ocean-steamers so injured her screw, by com. I three, and its direction east-southeast, and tho
sea smooth. The draught of the ship was eight From this table it appears that, up to the 18th color, and without a trace of hind-legs. By feet, both fore-and-aft, and she was in every of the month of August just passed, the rain- the 10th of June, many of the first batch had way fully equipped and ready for sea. The fall was three times that of the whole month their fore-legs, and were changed to frogs, screw fitted was one of Griffiths', with two of the previous year, and the record of a sin- while in the latter no legs appeared, and they blades, having a diameter of six feet and eight gle day's storm gives over three inches, or as breathed still through their gills; and on the feet pitch ; with sixty nominal horse-power, much as fell during the whole of the preced- 2d of August all of the first were frogs, while and a mean pressure in the cylinders of 35.79 ing months of May and June. With these facts the second batch were dead, never having atpounds, her mean number of revolutions, after in mind, and with the reports from abroad and tained even to the first stage of development six runs, was eight hundred and eighty-one the West, that a like condition exists there, the in which the hind-legs are formed. It thus per mile, and her true mean speed 8.016 knots. question as to the true cause of this undue appears that conditions which, in the case of Having been docked, and the casing fitted to “precipitation” becomes one of general inter- certain vegetables, may prove favorable to her, as shown in the accompanying illustra- est; and, now that we have a bureau whose growth, are fatal to animal life; and, while tion, she was again tried on the 2d instant, special function it is to know all about the grapes may thrive in blue light, frogs grow under almost similar circumstances to those of weather, an answer may very properly be de- best under the full influence of all the solar the first trial. The force of the wind and manded from that quarter. This answer, as rays. It is true that we have as yet no report the state of the sea were the same, though the given by Lieutenant Beall, the officer in charge regarding the possible influence of the other direction of the former was south west instead of the Signal Bureau in New York, is as fol- colored rays, blue, red, and yellow ; still the of east-southeast. She carried one more ton lows: “Two months ago, in June, we ob- effect of the green ray would seem to suggest of coals, and her trim was a little different, served winds coming into the Southern States like or kindred results from any other partial being seven feet ten inches forward, and eight from the Gulf of Mexico. These winds, com- exclusion of the full white light of the sun. feet one inch aft. With the same nominal ing from such a large body of water, brought horse-power, and only .4 more indicated, the with thein heavy quantities of moisture, and,
In a brief notice made many months since mean number of revolutions was only eight passing over the Appalachian range, blew into
of certain novel uses of electricity, our readhundred and thirty-six, whereas the speed the Alleghany Mountains, and forced this
ers may recall the fact that we then urgently gained was 8.274 knots, or rather more than a moisture up into colder strata of air, which
advocated the formation of a company which quarter of a knot beyond what was realized condensed it, and produced the rain. These
should agree to furnish all our houses with without the casing." southern winds are continuing still. In sec
standard time by the aid of electric clocks. From these results it is evident that the tions of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi,
These were to be placed on our mantels, or in claims of the inventor were fully justified, which are south of this range of mountains,
niches constructed for them. and were to be and where the moisture has not been con
operated by electric currents conducted into and that, by means of a very simple improve. densed, there has been less than one inch of
the house along wires imbedded in the walls, ment, both the speed and safety of steamrain. But we, here in New York and all over
the whole circuit to be regulated by a standships are likely to be enhanced. In the presthe Middle States, get the benefit of it so long
ard clock at the company's office. So feasible ent connection we learn that Mr. Griffiths's as these southern winds continue. Since
is this plan, and so much would be gained by scheme, when fully perfected, involves a far Monday morning (August 16th) there is a de
it in securing accurate time without the remore decided innovation than that above de- cline in the atmosphere in the northwest, first
peated winding and regulating of the housescribed. This is nothing less than the use in Dakota, yesterday in Leavenworth, to-day
hold clocks, that the wonder is that in this of two small screws instead of one large one, in Nashville. I am hardly satisfied yet that
age of invention and enterprise the scheme and putting one of the screws at the bow of it will reach us here; it may not be felt in
has waited so long for the capital needed for its this section, but, if this cool wave does con
furtherance. We pay for water and light, and the vessel, the other being, as usual, at the tinue to go eastward, it will produce cooler
in our large commercial buildings heat is also stern. Already certain experiments have weather and a cessation of precipitation.”
furnisbed from a central reservoir. How long been made with this bow-screw, and the re- When further questioned by an enterprising
must it then be before we are waited upon by sults seem to have been most avorable. At “interviewer" as to the cause of the inunda
the agent of the coming electric clock comleast the success of the casing, as shown by tions in Hungary and France, Lieutenant Beall
pany? We have been prompted to make this the Bruiser, was so marked, that the govern- stated that, as areas of high pressure had been
reference to the subject in view of the anment have placed a screw-launch at Mr. Grif- observed over the northern coast of Africa,
nouncement received from Paris that M. Lefiths's disposal, by the aid of which he proposes the result would be southern winds ; these,
verrier has proposed to the Prefect of the Seine to test the system of bow and stern screws. passing northward over the Mediterranean,
to put the public clocks of that city in conWe shall await the results with interest, and would become saturated with moisture, and
nection with the clock at the Observatory, when the cold heights of the Alps and Ap
which instrument is placed in the Catacombs, Țeport them to our readers as soon as they ennines were reached a condensation and enor
so as to be as free as possible from all surface are laid before us. mous precipitation would naturally occur.
vibrations. Although this scheme is limited From these facts and deductions we reach the
to the public clocks, there is no reason why it The mythical " oldest inhabitant," whose disheartening conclusion that when it rains
should not be extended to include all private chief function seems to be the yearly an- we must be content to let it rain, thankful,
as well as public timepieces. nouncement that “he never knew such a sea- however, that we are wiser than our fathers
As an immediate and almost essential conson as the present," is likely, for once at least, were, and, though that knowledge is of no
sequence of the recent advances in the methto have his statement stand undisputed. The avail to avert the catastrophe, we may yet be
ods of torpedo-warfare come plans and devices month of August just passed will long be re- in a degree prepared for its advent.
either for guarding against the disastrous efmembered and stand upon the weather records
fects of these submarine enemies, or for removas the "wettest" ever known. It not unfre- The influence of the differently - colored
ing them before they have been exploded. To quently happens that, owing to a lack of pre- light-rays upon vegetable growth having been
this latter class belongs the invention of vious careful observation, or a treacherous made the subject of extended observation, the
Messrs. Denarouze, by which a diver is enmemory, we are prone to regard certain cli- results of which we have from time to time
abled, without communication or connection matic conditions as unusual and phenomenal, reported, attention is now directed to certain
with the surface, to remain for a long time when, were the means of comparison at hand, kindred experiments on animals. These were under water. Directing his movements by we should find them little different from those conducted by M. Thury, and may be briefly
means of a compass and lamp, which may be of each preceding year. With the month reviewed as follows: Two separate batches of
lighted or extinguished at pleasure, the diver just passed, however, there can be no doubt frogs'-eggs were placed the one under colorless
can either place or remove torpedoes with no as to the exceptional extent, duration, and vio- and the other under green glass, all the other
fear of being observed from above. While no lence of the daily rainfalls, as is attested by conditions being identical. The method and
detailed description of this apparatus has yet the following official statement from the Sig- rapidity of growth were carefully noted, with
reached us, it is evident that the air for breathnal-Bureau at Washington. During the first the following results: The development of the
ing is taken down in a compressed form, while eighteen days of August, the rainfall in the eggs under the colorless glass, where they were
the light may be an electrio one, obtained from city of New York was 9.67 inches, while that exposed to pure sunlight, was rapid and nor
a battery attached to the person of the diver. for the whole month during the four preced- mal, and at the end of May these creatures
Certain experiments recently made before the ing years was as follows: were over an inch and one-half in length, with
English torpedo committee are said to have August, 1871.. .5. 18 inches. well-developed hind-legs. With those under
been very satisfactory. 1872.
the green shade the growth was stunted and 1873.
abnormal, being at the end of May but three- The English Mechanic states that a new 1874.
quarters of an inch in length, of a blackish “log” has been iuvented and patented by
Mr. W. Clark Russell, which is said to indi- beauty of form in them. They are seams The ribeiros, or rivers, are, except after cate the speed of a ship at a glance without which Nature may not have had time to heavy rains, mere water-courses, of which any preliminary timing. It consists of a dial clothe with decency; for Madeira, geological- many are usually quite dry, and the others placed on deck and connected to a line and log ly, is not only very young, but, being a self- contain nothing more than a mere rivulet ot thrown overboard. As soon as the line be- formed island, and having never been a part water. During the whole of my excursions in comes taut the index points to the rate of of a continent, it has never enjoyed the ad- Madeira I never saw a stream which deserved speed at which the vessel is traveling through vantages of physical continental intercourse. the name of any thing but a brook. I, howthe water. Presuming that the new log is as Man, indeed, has built up terraces to hold the ever, crossed many substantial bridges, wbich trustworthy as others employing a line, etc., soil, and covered every nook and vantage- showed that these brooks occasionally become towing in the sea, it has a great advantage in ground with vines and sugar-canes, yains, and dangerous torrents. Nor is there a single that its indications are read on an instrument other useful vegetable products; and man, lake in Madeira, and indeed I did not see even fixed on deck,
too, has imported and transplanted into his one single pond in the whole island.
become wild, and grow profusely on walls and courses. None of the former are really copiYOTEWORTHY THINGS GLEANED HERE
other separating boundaries of cultivation. ous, except after rain. The latter, called le
Scattered plentifully in these arid ravines are vadas, must to a certain extent rob the rivers, AND THERE.
many naturalized species of cactus, more re- for the water which would naturally run into
markable for their singularity and ugliness the ribeiros is almost entirely diverted into the last Fraser an article by Mr. W. than for any other quality, and vines cover them. The inhabitants rely on them for irriLongman, which he calls “Impressions of
every available patch of soil. But of really gating the cultivated soil, and principally also
indigenous and beautiful wild-flowers there is for the water-supply of the houses, both in Madeira," contains a great deal of interesting
a mighty dearth, and the general effect is an and out of the capital and the villages. Every information, well told, about this strange and uninteresting bareness.
house with a garden or cultivated plot of picturesque island of the Atlantic:
He who loves the beauty of an English ground is supplied with water for a definite
flowery lane, the varied colors of an English | number of hours weekly from the levada. The It was getting dusk as we neared Madeira, wood, the emerald and golden hue of an Eng- scanty remnants of the streams which find and had become quite dark when we landed lish pasture, or the richly-painted loveliness their way into the water-courses are used for at Funchal. When I awoke the next morning of a many-flowered Alpine mountain-slope, washing. and looked into the beautiful garden of Miles's will not find such charms in the neighborHotel, I could not but admire the richness of hood of Funchal. Elsewhere, in the island,
It has been a popular impression that the tropical vegetation with which it is abun- he will find some of these beauties, along Madeira is the finest of sanitariums, where one dantly filled. The remoter scene was also with others partly making up for the absence with his lungs half gone may breathe freely fine. The mountains rose in the background, of the rest. But he will not find them in the and the houses crept picturesquely up the southern districts of Madeira. A brilliant
a glorious atmosphere, with a scenery and a steep sides of the hills on which the town is sun, which no doubt is far more frequent in civilization peculiarly adapted for invalids, built.
Madeira than in our northern clines, also i but, according to Mr. Longman, this idea of It was not long before I had an opportu- compensates, to a considerable extent, for the
the island is only partially true: nity of seeing more of the island, for the loss of some of these elements of natural friends I found at the hotel were determined beauty. But it does not entirely supply their
The island is well worth visiting, but I I should lose no time. After breakfast we place : and the bareness of the neighborhood think there are but few people who would went, some on horseback, some on foot, and of Funchal, combined with the ditficulty of care to return to it. To those who are in good another in a hammock, to one of the volcanic escaping from high-walled thoroughfares, health the climate is not agreeable. It is too ravines by which the city is intersected, and and, indeed, of locomotion altogether relaxing. To a certain extent one becomes which descend from the central group of moun- no doubt the cause which produced at first a
used to it; still, however, it is enervating, tains. We went up the steep, paved street, | feeling of disappointment with Madeira.
and renders one indisposed to pedestrian exbetween walls, until we arrived at a water- On the other hand, the gardens of the ercise. But, unquestionably, to one who is coarse, by the side of which we entered the quintas — which are almost peculiar to the not an invalid, the great drawback is the diffiravine. In the afternoon we rode to a small, south of the island - are often exceedingly culty of getting about. I have often been prettily-wooded hillock, lying to the north- beautiful. They are usually a blaze of color. asked whether one can take walks, and my west of Funchal, called the Pico do Funcho, Every thing grows and blossoms with a lux- answer is always that in the neighborhood of from which we had a glimpse of the mountain- uriance unknown to the more temperatc, Funchal, and with but few exceptions elseview it often commands.
and, may I add, more friendly-north. Gera- where, it is impracticable. There is nowhere But the first impression produced on my niums grow to a height of twenty feet and to walk, and the walking everywhere-if you mind was, I confess, one of some little disap- more in a few months, and must be cut down should walk-is most disagreeable. Wheeled pointment. This was, perhaps, partly pro- yearly to prevent their straggling into useless carriages are practically unknown; there are duced by the presence, on my arrival, of one exuberance. Strange tropical exotics are here three pony carriages in Funchal, but they are of those too frequent mists which veil the
naturalized. Bananas, camphor-trees, nettle- almost useless, and it is said that their ownmountains, and descend so low as to form a
trees, palms, and gum-trees, with many oth- ers intend to give them up. They can be canopy hardly above the highest quintas-as
ers, are found in these delicious gardens, while used only in some few of the streets of Funthe brilliantls-gardened country-houses of the lilies, daturas, bougainvilleas, and flowers too chal, and along what is termed the New Road, Funchal residents are called. I can well im
numerous to mention, decorate the neighbors which is a mixture of a Rotten Row for ridagine the striking beauty of the island when hood of every house, however humble.
ing and a very fair road for carriages. It exfirst seen after a voyage from the Cape, should But even here--even in these quinta gar
tends for about three miles from the western the mountains be unclouded or covered only dens-Nature is niggardly, or rather has not end of Funchal toward the village of Cama de sufficiently to veil a portion of their loveliness. had time to do for Madeira what she has done Lobos. But I was not fortunate enough to see them in for larger areas. All is silence ! or so nearly The universal mode of getting about is this state, and even had I thus beheld them I so that the sounds one hears serve rather to either to ride on horseback or in a bullockshould still bave folt some disappointment. increase the oppressive feeling of want of life sledge on runners, or to be carried in a hamOn the south side of the island, especially, than make one perceive its presence. Hardly mock. There is, however, a fourth mode of there are many defects in natural beauty, and a bird carols forth its joyous song, or even
descending from the mountains for three or in all that combines to produce the feeling twitters in the trees; hardly a butterfly flut- four miles on a few roads, and this is by of satisfaction and delight which is derived
ters among the flowers, hardly a beetle crosses sledges. A car, to hold either two or three from the enjoyment of Nature in all its vari
the path. The hum of bees is almost un- persons, is placed on wooden runners and deous details. Some of these defects are com
known, and the mysterious harmony of myri- scends the steep, wall-inclosed roads princimon to the whole island, but others are espe- ads of buzzing insects' wings—so charming in pally by its own weight. At starting, and cially characteristic of its southern portion. an English wood-in Madeira is never heard. where the inclination is not great, it is dragged There is, in that part of it, a striking and la- All eems silent, all seems dead !
down by two of the wonderfully active Mamentable deficiency of trees, and of all really
deira peasants, who run by its side at the wild flowers. The volcanic ravines are arid
Madeira, we are told, has no lakes and no
rate of eight or nine miles an hour, each guidand repulsive. There is no comeliness or permanently flowing rivers:
ing it by a leathern thong attached to its front
on either side. It requires but little or no carpeted, a dozen wooden chairs, one or two dow, and there the matter ends. They are exertion to draw it along, for the road is ev- deal-tables ; vo fireplace, not even a stove, not wihin speaking distance, and have to conerywhere steep, and always smoothly paved either in sitting-room or bedroom; no cur- tent themselves with expressive glances and with pebbles or long stones, to which addi- tains to the windows, no covers to the tables ; dumb show ; for it would be thought highly tional smoothness and even polish, beyond no pictures on the walls, no mirrors ; no table unbecoming for the young lady to allow a bilthat produced by mere friction, are given by pleasantly strewed with books, magazines, let-doux to flutter down into the street, while the constant application of grease to the run- newspapers, and ladies' work; no such thing the laws of gravitation stand in the way of the ners of the bullock-cars. When, however, visible as a pot of cut flowers ; no rare china, upper flight of such a document-unweighted, the road becomes very steep, the men stand no clocks, no bronzes-none of the hundred at least, with a stone, and this, of course, on the framework of the car with one foot, trifles and curiosities with which, in our might risk giving the young lady a black eye, while with the other they guide or check it, houses, we show our taste, or our want of it, or breaking her father's window-panes. So and the car then shoots down by its own but which either way give such an individual the lovers there remain, often for hours, feelweight with a velocity that is not a little excit- character and charm to our English homes. | ing, no doubt, very happy, but looking unuting, and, after the first dash off, extremely All these negatives describe the uiterly dreary terably foolish. These silent courtships someagreeable. The speed is often more than habitations of the middle-class Portuguese. times continue for very long periods before twenty miles an hour. It is wonderful how For occupations, the women do needle- the lover can ask the fatal question, or tlie the angular corners are turned, the car lurch- work, gossip, go to mass daily, and look out lady return the final answer.
I heard a story ing up first toward one wall and then tow- of window by the hour. Except the one short of one such protracted courtship which an inard the other; with what ease speed is slack- walk to church at eight o'clock in the morn- genious novelist might easily work into a pretened or arrested, and how seldom any seri- ing, a Portuguese lady hardly ever appears in ty romance. ous accident happens. Merchants living in
the streets. As for the men, they lounge About forty or fifty years ago, before the their quintas often make use of these sledges about among the shops, they smoke innumer- suppression of convents in Portugal, a young to go to their counting-houses in the morning, able papercigarettes, they take a siesta in lady was engaged to be married. For some returning in the afternoon usually on horse- the heat of the day. If there is sunshine, reason or other, the marriage did not come back.
they stand in groups at the street-corners with off, and the girl was placed in a Benedictine To invalids, for whom a bracing air is not umbrellas over their heads; in winter, they nunnery at Oporto. Soon after came the aborequired, the remarkable stability of the tem- wear a shawl over their shoulders, folded and lition of convents; but, while the monasteries perature is a great recommendation.
put on three-cornerwise, as a French or Eng- were absolutely dissolved, and the monks To men in health the utter absence of any lish woman's shawl is worn: for this is a fash- scattered, the nuns who were already inmates occupation or amusement beyond that of vis- ion in Portugal, and the Spaniards laugh a of religious houses were suffered there to reiting is wearisome. To those fond of scenery good deal at their neighbors on the score of main. The young lady, accordingly, on the or of mountain exploration there are of course their being a nation who invert the due order suppression occurring, did not leave the Benthose additional sources of interest; but they of things, and whose women wear cloaks and edictine convent. It is to be presumed, howare greatly lessened by the almost utter want the men shawls. In these towns there is nev- ever, that the rules of this particular estabof lodging accommodation. Out of Funchal, er any news, and if two men are seen in eager lishment were somewhat relaxed, for the with the exception of the neighboring sea
discussion of some matter of apparently im- young gentleman who had been engaged to side village of Santa Cruz—and this possesses mense importance, and if one happens to pass this nun was observed to take his constant only one small inn-there are but two places in near enough to overhear the subject of conver- stand before the barred window of his former the island where travelers can find a lodging. | sation, be sure that one of them is plunged in mistress's cell, while she would become visible The first is Santa Anna, where there is little despair or kindling with enthusiasm at a fall behind the grating. Here the romance I have fear of disappointment; the other Sio Vi- or rise of a halfpenny in the price of a pound imagined would perhaps rather lack incident, cente, where there are only three decent bed- of tobacco. An American gentleman of my and, except in a master's hand, might grow rooms, and whither it is very desirable to take acquaintance told me that he had never passed monotonous, for this hopeless courtship lasted food. The comfort of Miles's Hotel at Fun- two Portuguese in conversation without hear- no fewer than four-and-thirty years, till a chal, and the beauty of its garden, must not be ing one of two words spoken, “testão' bowed and middle-aged man paced the paveomitted among the recommendations of Ma- rapariga”-finance or love.
ment, and looked up to a gray - haired misdeira.
There are not even fashions for them to tress. It only ended with the death of the
think about; young men and old men dress lady, a few years ago. Many persons have Mr. John LATOUCHE, in his “ Travels in alike, but the younger ones wear exceedingly assured me that they have often been eye
witnesses of what I have described, and I Portugal,” from which we have previously tight boots, and when they take their walks
abroad” it is obvious that they do so in con- found that the fact was quite notorious in quoted, gives a somewhat striking picture of
siderable discomfort. The young men, how- Oporto. It will, of course, be understood that the habits of the middle-class Portuguese, ever, have one occupation more important the stagnating life I have described, with its and their method of love-making :
even than wearing tight boots, and which al- narrow circle of interests and its little mean
most, in fact, goes with it—that of making nesses of household detail, is confined to the There is nothing that would strike trav- the very mildest form of love known among half-educated, middle-class inhabitants of eler fresh from England, Germany, or France,
The process, indeed, is carried on in so small country towns. The bigher native socimore than the yreat rarity of real country- Platonic a manner, and with so much proper ety of Lisbon, with its courtly influences, and houses in Portugal. It is entirely against the feeling, that I doubt if even the strictest Eng- that of Oporto-which holds the same relative gepius of the people to live a country-life. lish governess would find any thing in it to obe position to Lisbon that Edinburgh did to LonThe Portuguese is too sociable to endure to ject to. The young gentlemen pay their ad- don'before the days of steam-can compare be surrounded only by woods and fields and dresses by simply standing in front of the with that of any capital of Europe. The men mountains. He has many of our Northern house occupied by the object of their affec- are high-bred, courteous, and intelligent, and tastes : he likes field-sports in moderation; he tions, while the young person in question the ladies have a charm of manner and talents rides, in his own style, better than any nation looks down approvingly from an upper win- for society which all foreigners admit. in Europe except ourselves; he has a sincere delight in country-life and country-scenery, but he cannot long support the utter solitude of the country. A Portuguese nobleman, if he be rich enough, lives in Lisbon or Oporto, and if he has a country-house will visit it for a
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