« הקודםהמשך »
Fortune seemed to favor me. The skipper | ain't no other bluidy thing in tbe channel A TRIP IN A FISHING
of the Anna Maria came aboard to bring us that the likes o' ye need to be afeard of; and
some fresh mackerel, and told us he was to I'm very much obleeged to ye, gintlemen, SCHOONER.
start the following morning for home, going, and I wish ye a pleasant v'yage," and off he
for the first time, by way of the Bras d'Or, went to repeat the farce at the next schooner. October of 1873 I arrived on the coast IN
which I had long wished to see. He kindly We found ourselves anchored for the of Cape Breton in the good bark Ethan offered me a bunk and a share of grub for night in Kelly's Cove, under Kelly's Moun. Allen, homeward-bound from Madeira. The myself and dog. I jumped at the proposal, tain, the highest land on the Bras d'Or. It exceptionally favorable winds we bad enjoyed and early the next day sent my traps aboard; is an isolated ridge, which I estimated to be now left us, and it was only after battling we peaked the mainsail, tripped the anchor, about twelve hundred feet high, but so bold with beavy squalls and gales and adverse and stood out to sea. The Anna Maria was as to resemble a wall, and give an imprescurrents for several days, at the entrance of twenty-four years old, forty-one tons burden, sion of greater height. Evidences of the the Gulf of St. Lawrence, that we succeeded ard had a small forecastle and a diminutive tremendous hurricane of the previous Sepin making the port for which we were bound, trunk-cabin aft; five men slept forward, and tember were everywhere visible. The wind and we were quite able after that to realize there were six of us, or seven including a had felled the largest forest-trees in ranks why insurance premiums are doubled after dog, in the cuddy. The deck was lumbered mile after mile, or where the squalls had been October sets in on all vessels sailing for that up with a quantity of fish-barrels and tubs, most violent bad cut swathes through the inhospitable coast. It took all day to beat and the whole vessel was in an unmention- woods as the scythe of the mower lays the up the long, narrow entrance to Sydney bar- able state of dirtiness, resulting from twelve
This was the case all through the bor, and we passed a steamer which had weeks of fishing.
Bras d'Or. Many houses and barns were gone on the bar in a gale two days before. There are two entrances to the remark- felled or injured ; at Arichat sixty houses The prospect was rendered still more cheer. able sea-lake called the Bras d'Or, which were blown down. Vessels were everywhere sul by a crowd of damaged vessels which had separates Cape Breton Island into two nearly destroyed; all through the trip we came across been wholly or partially wrecked in the ap- equal portions. Within a short time a canal, wrecks on shore. palling hurricane of the previous August. scarcely half a mile long, has been cut through The boat was lowered, and skipper and I Of Sydney little can be said that is inviting. the istbmus, permitting the passage of ves- went ashore on a foraging expedition among The lay of the land is very much that of oar sels of small burden. It is about sixty miles the farm-houses. We found the people genown New England, but vegetation is more
from the two eastern straits or entrances to erally were “ Heelanders," as they called sparse, and the general appearance of the the capal. The southern entrance is impas. Į themselves, among whom Gaelic is still the landscape more sad and sear. The bay is sable except for steamers and boats. We vernacular; some actually being unable to spacious and well protected, affording several struck for the northern passage called the converse in English. They were mostly Roexcellent harbors for ordinary weather, but Great Bras d'Or, having a leading wind, man Catholics. We finally brought up at a the town presents a singular blending of without which it is impossible for a sailing- small house, where we spent a couple of squalor and thrist, the former being the first vessel to pass in. The navigable channel is hours chatting before an old-fashioned inglefeature to impress the stranger on landing. very narrow, the tide runs through it like a side, over whose bright blaze the kettle was Shanties and groggeries, disreputable to a mill-race, and, for the first few miles, any singicg. A dance at a farm-house farther on degree, abound, and lead one to think he has vessel getting ashore there is exposed to the was proposed, and skipper offered to bring fallen on some maritime Laramie or Cheyenne, full sweep of easterly gales.
off the schooner's fiddler to stimulate the while to the westward new houses, glorying There were seven schooners in company heels and quicken the hearts of the lads and in the tawdriness of white paint, green shut- with us, all keeping so closely together that the lassies; but, owing to the lateness of the ters, and flimsy verandas, indicate that the bowsprit of one would almost overhang the bour, the plan unfortunately fell through. A place is not altogether going to the dogs. taffrail of the next one; sometimes one would brace of geese and a pail of milk were the reCoal is the chief stock in trade, and the sup- | becalm another, and thus shoot by. Finally, sults of our expedition; it was so dark that ply is apparently inexhaustible; the whole one of the schooners got slewed aside on a the buxom hostess snatched a brand from island is, in fact, intersected by seams of the bank, and had to be left behind to get off as the hearth, and gave it to us by way of lanblack mineral. The veios run under the har- she could. Happily for the rest, a pilot ap- tern, and we thus reached the boat without bor at Sydney, and are worked to a consider. peared at this juncture in a dory, and agreed spilling the milk. able depth. The population is, consequent- to pilot the little fleet. He carried us as far We were again under weigh the next mornly, mining, combined with a large floating as Kelly's Cove, when, fog and twilight both ing, but the wind was so light we made but class of fishermen and seamen, ever ready coming on, we all dropped anch and the little progress. The good weather was imto “splice the main-brace" and chuck the pilot proceeded to levy toll before leaving us proved to clear the deck and clean the ves. rosy girls of Cape Breton under the chin. for the night. He was a curious specimen sel. We passed some plaster - cliffs, which It must be added that they do not always of the genus Bretoniensis. Keeping his eyes furnish material for many of the best ceilstop there, and street brawls, as may be easi. always down, while he hung on to the side ings in our cities, and add a striking feature ly imagined, are not uncommon. It is diffi- of the vessel, he rattled away with great vol- to the scenery. We also had a fine view up cult to fancy any one lying awake o' nights | ubility, which was evidently increased by the the Little Bras d'Or, and left the shire town sighing for Sydney.
bad whiskey he had taken before coming off of Baddeck on our right, at the bottom of a This port has of late years become a great to us. “I don't care for any bluidy silver. deep bay. At night we again anchored, at resort for our mackerel-fishermen. It is not A little bluidy pork or beef, a little bluidy Grand Narrows, and skipper and I repeated far from Cape North, one of the fishing. salt or bluidy jigs, you don't want any more, our foraging expedition. We were lucky grounds, and the fish are also found toward my hearties, or any other bluidy thing will enough to come across some very nice peothe close of the season off the harbor. Sev. do me just exactly as well. I should be only ple, bearing the famous names of McNiel and enty of our schooners made Sydney a rendez- too glad to take such a pretty schooner McDonald, Roman Catholics, but well.invous during the previous summer, and it is through them parrows for nothink, but don't formed, and familiar with the best writers of indeed a stirring and beautiful spectacle to ye sees we can't do nothink for nothink in the day. They entertained us so hospitably see the graceful little craft dodging up and Cape Breton no more than nowheres else. that I was moved to send them a little Madown the long entrance to the harbor, or And that's the truth. That'll do, that'll do. deira the next morning, and, in consequence, darting hither and thither in white groups, I don't want ye to rob yourselves.-Fish-bait ? just after we were under weigh, a boat overlike sea-fowl, in search of schools of mack- no, got enough of the bluidy thing. There's took us, bringing a supply of milk and eggs, erel. So fascinated was I by the sight of no need of my coming off to ye the mornin', which very materially added to the slender these schooners that, on finding my bark was all ye've got to do is just to keep that p'int stock of pork, beans, and molasses, which not going to return to Boston, I at once de- close aboard, and ye'll be all right; and re- | constituted the commissariat of the Anna cided to get passage in one of the schooners, mimber them two spar-buoys on the star- Maria. But generally the people are a pretty if possible, in preference to the steamer. board beam, and one on the port, and there | rough set, with a decided talent for brawling
and drinking. When we were going aboard St. Peter's by Madame Island. The threaten- went on without intermission fore-and-aft, and at night we came across three sturdy fellows, ing character of the weather inclined us to I gained new ideas of the constant and almost well braced with gin, and altogether too will. go into Arichat, but a land-breeze sprang up incredible perils to which our fishermen are ing to fire off the guns they carried to make after sunset. All night we flew before it un. exposed, especially on the Georges and off them pleasant companions.
der press of sail, and next morning had run the Magdalen Islands. The most amusing cir. After leaving Grand Narrows the passage one hundred and forty miles, and were abreast cumstance was to sce how through it all these widened into a broad lake some twenty miles of Halifax. On the following day our good hardy fellows managed to retain characteris. across at the widest, deeply indented with weather came to an end. A gale was coming tics purely human; for example, the habit of bays and studded with large islands. Fish on, and, after pounding with a heavy sea sev- croaking, and of finding fault with those on and game abound here, we were informed. eral hours and starting a leak, we were just whom the responsibility devolved. Did the At sundown the fleet was becalmed in the mid- able to work into Shelburne, where we lay skipper carry sail hard, they said he did not dle of the lake, which was glowing and mag- three days. Shelburne possesses the finest know when to take it in ; did he prudently nificent beyond description under the splendor harbor in Nova Scotia. What is also in its seek to spare the only suit we had, or avoid of a sunset of extraordinary beauty and va- favor is that it is easy of access, and is often running on the land in the fog, they said, “The riety of tint and hue. As I gazed entranced made a harbor of refuge. The settlement is, worst fault a master of a ship can have is to on that spectacle I did not wonder that they however, but a wretched makeshift for a take sail in too
Like unwhipped called that sea - strait, so rarely combining town, like most places in the eastern prov. school-boys, they thought they knew every lake and river, the Bras d'Or. Golden were inces, but has considerable ship - building, thing, and, like sailors in general, exercised its shores, golden its waters, and golden the which gives it some appearance of thrift. It very little foresight or prevision for contin. tranquil sky which overhung and imparted to also abounds with herring, which are eaten gencies. Of course on a vessel where all it half its wealth of beauty.
in such quantities by the Bluenoses that it is sailed on shares, any regular discipline was The shooting-stars and the night breeze said of them they cannot pull off their shirts out of the question, the authority of the came together, and we watched the one and in spring because of the fish-bones sticking skipper being nearly nominal, the man makfanned gently along before the other, until at through their skin! The weather was still ing it rather than receiving it from the ofmidnight we again neared dangerous naviga. dubious when we put to sea in company with
fice. tion, and came to an anchor. On the follow. fifteen sail, all bound to the westward, but we Our skipper was a man of the most im. ing day we passed a noted Indian settlement, hoped the easterly wind would hold to take perturbable good-humor, but a good seaman, where there is a large church with some wig- us across the Bay of Fundy, the worst bit of shrewdly adapting himself to the unruly spir
The Indians of this region assemble navigation, owing to its fogs, rips, reefs, its he had to deal with, and generally exerin spring and summer on their island, and tides, and currents, to be found anywhere on cising control without appearing to do so. attempt to keep up the dances and other the coast of North America. But, in fact, “Come on, bullies, let's take a turn on the ceremonies peculiar to their ancestors. nowhere does a close inspection of the ledges main sheet," was the usual form of an order ;
The scenery now became exceedingly ro- along the Nova Scotia shore inspire one with or, “Keep her off a little mite, Uncle Mike !" mantic and beautiful, often resembling the pleasing sensations, nor are such names as The watch usually consisted of two men, Thousand Islands, and the region is so little Ironbound or Ragged Harbor pleasingly sug- one at the wheel, and the other acting as inhabited as scarcely to seem a country that gestive. I never can pass that forbidding lookout, and oscillating between the stove in bas been settled for two hundred years. Is). coast without thinking of some grim mon
the cabin and the bows, with a strong gravi. ands of all sizes, sometimes mere knolls tuft- ster showing his teeth ready to crunch the tation toward the former. The clock forward ed with birches and pines, divide the lake bones of hapless victims. The vigor with was half an hour ahead of the one aft; I into numerous winding channels for a long which the new Dominion has assumed the don't know whether the fact was generally distance. The ship-channel is often so nar- reins of government is nowhere more evi- known, but I think it was known to some; I row and tortuous that it was with great diffi- dent than in the increased attention bestowed observed that some of the watches were culty that even our short schooners, capable on light-houses, which have bitherto been in- shorter than others. of turning within their own lengths, could be famously scarce, considering the character One night two of the leading fault-finders worked without going ashore. One of them of the coast, and have been badly kept and were directed to tack ship in their watch, here ran her nose into a mud-bank, on which lighted.
there being a heavy sea running at the time. we also touched, and so firmly that she lay During the day we passed a large ship Three times these self-sufficient fellows tried there several days.
high and dry on a reef, going to pieces. The to bring the schooner about; three times Just before evening the Anna Maria, wind freshened at night, and we stood across they failed, mouthing enormous imprecations, heading the fleet, reached the canal at St. the bay of Fundy in fine style. The next and with such frequent mention of bell that Peter's. In an hour she was again on the At- morning it was thick and nasty, blowing a I fancied I could smell brimstone. The lantic, but so difficult is the way out into the gale of wind, with a heavy following sea. skipper, meantime, quietly lay in his bunk, harbor that we touched on a rock in a dan- Wing-and-wing we“ kihooted” before it un- and enjoyed the discomfiture of his defamers. gerous situation.
der a press of sail such as only our fisher- At last he put his head up the companion-way While we were getting her off, a party of men indulge in. The least carelessness of and said, “Your jib is eased off too much ; Indians landed close under our lee, and in a the steersman might have sent us to the bot- haul down the jib and she'll come around all very few minutes they had put up several bark tom. “A man must have his life insured right!” They obeyed, and the schooner was wigwams, and the dusky shades of evening who sails on the Anna Maria to-day,” said off on the other tack at once. He said nothwere rendered picturesque by the smoky one to me. At noon a violent squall obliged | ing more, but an hour after went on deck gleams of their fires. The little cove where us to take in sail; they jibed the foresail and himself, and tacked ship with the ease of a we were lying, the forests on one side and brought the lively little craft around just in man who knows what he is about. The men the wigwams and strange forms moving before time to get control of her, laying her half could say not a word. the light and reflected in the water, the last under water as she came up to the wind. Another curious trait among sailors, espelingering rays of sunset on the other, vividly We ran till night under close-reefed foresail, cially noticeable among those so little under outlining the rakish spars of the pinks rock- and then hove to near Cashe's Ledge till discipline as our fishermen, is the way they ing in the port; the splash and swing of morning. Then the wind came howling out act in emergencies. The vessel, perhaps, is warps in the water; the quick movement of of the west, and, as the skipper forcibly ex- struck by a heavy squall, and sail must be boats here and there, with phosphorescent pressed it, “it everlastingly screeched.” We taken off at once or the gravest consequences drops twinkling on the oars ; the shadow of had but one suit of sails, they were old and to all may ensue in a moment. One would the spars, and the tread of feet on the deck, worn, and the foresail split and gave us some suppose, therefore, that when the lives of all as schooner after schooner warped past us in trouble ; our stock of provisions was running on board, including the crew themselves, are the starry gloom-presented a singular and low, and there was some reason to fear we imperiled, and the quick orders of the capeffective scene.
should be blown to the eastward again. tain summon all hands on deck without deEarly the next morning we worked out of During all these days the spinning of yarns | lay, they would need no further urging. Not
a bit of it. The first thing they do is to
The Review then proceeds to show how the grumble. “D- the weather! what the
EDITOR'S TABLE. drama was the one literature of the day, how, devil does he want to hurry fellow out of
as books are with us of to-day the real thing, his bunk for?” Then they will not stir till they have arranged their oil-suit as if it were
THE restoration of the drama to some
the theatre was a real thing to the people a dress-suit for a ball; after that, some of thing like the place it occupied at the
then. They believed in it. It was every thing them must fill and light their pipes! If the Elizabethan era is considered possible by
to them — the great centre of English art captain puts his head down and repeats the
some ardent and hopeful minds. The Satur. and thought, drawing to itself the highest order, “Come out of there, and don't be all day Review bas discussed the question and
intellects of the time, dealing with the gravest day about it!” They mutter, “D-d if I will before I'm ready!” This does not result
pointed out the reasons why it thinks that and highest questions, portraying with ibfrom superior courage or recklessness so much
the theatre, however it may be improved, can comparable power the deepest and intensest as from a species of pigheadedness, for the never again be what it once was. “Our passions. “It is true,” remarks the Review, same men will be as much overcome as other voices change," it says, “as we grow older, " that certain religionists stood aloof from men by danger when they fairly realize it.
and so the voice of literature changes, and it, but the nation, as a whole, rejoiced in it We managed in the teeth of a violent
the old times cannot be brought back, charm ardently.” In brief, the argument is that wind to beat up as far as Cape Elizabeth, where we found the water a little smoother. we never so wisely.” It asserts that “when
all the circumstances and activities of the But we should have kept on and made a har
one of the chief poets of the day, who had period built up the dazzling glory of the the. bor in the Sheepscot River, if the wind bad previously written nothing of the kind, ap- atre, and that until we can reproduce those not moderated after sunset, so as to enable pears as a playwright, hope naturally wakes,"
conditions and circumstances it is hopeless us to work down to the Isles of Shoals, which but then it is of the opinion that the condi- to look for any genuine reconstruction of the we passed at daybreak. It took us the rest
tions under which the Elizabetban drama | play as a literary power. This would seem of the day to beat into Gloucester under a
throve so splendidly are so wholly different to be convincing, but before we abandon press of canvas, with a foot of water in our from those of to-day, that it is futile to be
all hope in the matter let us see what conlee scuppers, and carrying away the maintopmast-staysail as we came abreast of Norlieve it can be restored, or that there is any.
ditions now exist which may tend to bring man's Woe.
where the Promethean heat which can its back at least a little of the old dramatic S. G. W. BENJAMIN.
“ light relume.” The conditions which the spirit.
Review points out are well known to all stu- During recent years there has been a INNOMINATA. dents of literature; there was great intel
marked revival of mediæval tastes. Color lectual activity, with no newspapers or peri- has been restored to decoration, interior A SWEET and beautiful
odicals and very few books, and the theatres, adornment, and dress; the love of pomp and ,
hence, alone responded to the impulses and ceremony appears in ritualism; architecture Once, as I sat in silence, needs of the time. In regard to the keen
has broken out into the picturesque ; art is Sang itself into my brain.
mental activity of the period the Saturday fired with new passion for divine tones and And I said: “I will make a poem, Review eloquently says:
tints. There is a ruge for old china and old A song for the world to sing,
pottery, for old upholstery, for polychroFor my thought is fair and lovely
“Life in England has never been broader and deeper than it was then. It was morning
matic walls, for tiles, for inlaid furniture, A princely offering.
with us, so to speak. We were waking to a for all things that have a rich, passional, "I will make a song and bring it
fresh consciousness of ourselves and of the and esthetic character. The age, which in
world around us. And lay it before her feet;
The old things bad passed
one of its phases is eminently scientific, She cannot choose but hearken, away; and behold, all things were become new.
skeptical, and inquisitive, in another phase My song shall be so sweet.
• Bliss was it in that dawn to be alive;
is eminently imaginative and luxurious, de“And my thought's delicious passion Shall make my strain so strong, A strange senso of power thrilled us; and the
lighting in every art that is stimulating, ideal, revelation of unsuspected opportunities for
Whence this change has come That the world sball know her always
exertion and enterprise transformed our in- about it is not our present purpose to inBy just that deathless song!” most being. The very earth widened around
quire; but the fact that the change has come us; and, where but yesterday there rose forBut, alas ! when I came to make itbidding barriers, there now spread far away
may well give us the belief that with this My poem I thought so fair
an endless expanse of unexplored regions, general revival the drama, so kindred to the Lo! rhyme and rhythm and measure
mysterious, fascinating, delightful. And, as Melted to empty air !
new feeling in many particulars, is likely, with material confinements, so it was with spiritual. In the universe of thought the mind
also, to be restored. It scarcely can be And down in my heart's dim corners, wandered free. For good and for evil, it de
doubted that Tennyson's dramatic attempt And up to my lips' shut door,
fied the restraints of previous dogmatisms, is not an idle experiment, but a natural outJust one brief word would echo
and stepped boldly within precincts from which And whisper forever more.
come of the esthetic forces at work, and we it had been rigorously interdicted. Was there ever in England such another age of move
may believe that it will stir the latent fires I cannot make a poem ment? an age so eager, so fearless, so sanguine,
in all his contemporaries. Where the rhyme is still the same;
so exultant in its liberty, so swift to do or die? I cannot make a poein
With this revival of mediæval tastes, there Never, perhaps, was the national imagination With just your darling name!
exist other conditions peculiarly favorable so quickened and so vigorous. Every day produced its poet.
for a new era of the drama. Literature is So the world shall never know you, Your name shall not go down
· The isle is full of noises,
necessarily the result of leisure ; it bespeaks. Song-borne to the distant ages,
Sounds and sweet airs that give delight and hurt contemplation, calm, and a studious or medi
not.' A sweet and pure renown.
tative mind. The age, on the contrary, is Nor could it be otherwise. A land so bright- full of bustle, movement, and pressure. ÆsAnd, indeed, for you and for me, dear, hearted could not but break forth into singIt is all the better part,
thetic tastes are aroused and active, but ing. Joy, even as sorrow, must have words That your glory is just Love's only, given it; the joy
æsthetic enjoyment must be snatched amid "And your fame is—within my heart !
* that does not speak,
the hurrying activities of the time. Our BARTON GREY. Whispers the o'erfraught heart and bids it break.'" lawyers, bankers, merchants, physicians,
scientists, artists, and many others, cannot There is but a slight suggestion of the sound of the whole. Every one must see by these secure the leisure for the deliberate perusal of b in bed, or of f in few, and none at all of facts how absurd it is to talk about the vast of books. The imaginative need of their w in what. Combined letters have sounds saving of labor in writing and type-setting natures must find some swifter means for its quite distinct from the separate sounds of the that may be made by the suppression of sigratification. They can look upon pictures, letters, and hence no spelling can be devised lent letters in our orthography. and be instantly filled with dreams of beauty; which can indicate the correct pronunciatheir statues and bronzes have the power to tion words. With phonetic spelling, just We of America are prone to boast of the gratify instantaneously their love of the en- as now, the pronunciation would be a matter big shops of our cities. It is undoubtedly nobling and the artistic ; and, if not so swift- of arbitrary custom, and would have to be true that trade is housed in more stately ly, yet without large tax of time, the play learned word by word.
structures in American cities than elsewhere. opens to them vistas of poetry, awakens in And now let us ascertain how much time New York has not only the biggest dry-goods them sentiment and emotion, stirs their im. may be saved by phonetic spelling. In establishment in the world, but it has the agination, and translates them from sordid the article in the Christian at Work, from second and probably the third biggest, the cares and wearing anxieties into the domain which we have quoted, there are some seven- Bon Marché of Paris being the only shopping. of poetry and fancy. A really good play, teen hundred letters, of which one hundred mart abroad that at all equals even our secthoroughly well acted, is the most potent į and forty-eight, as we estimate, are silent let. ond or third establishments for the sale of thing in the world for filling the wearied ters—that is, phonetic spelling, by this exam- fabrics. We have by far the largest jewelers' brain with fresh ideas and exalted emotions. | ple, instead of reducing the labor of type- and the largest clothiers' establishments; The service which the stage is thus so su- setting two-fifths, as is asserted, would re. there is generally, indeed, in nearly all the premely capable of rendering in these stirring duce it only a little over one-eleventh, while trades, a much more notable concentration and busy days to the over-worked man of the selection of marked letters, made neces- here than abroad. The question is, whether business is alone sufficient to make a restora. sary by these omissions, would balance the this is altogether desirable. There are doubt. tion to its pristine place a thing not only gain. Nothing is wilder than the assumption less advantages, but are there not also some probable, but something greatly to be de- that by phonetic spelling a great deal of disadvantages ? It can scarcely be consid. sired.
labor is to be saved those who write and ered a slight matter that the interest and We thus see that the conditions for a those who read. People have taken a few variety of our streets would be much greater dramatic renaissance are not so unfavorable, | instances in which there is a marked pro- with a multitude of pretty small shops than after all. Out of great energies and an abun. portion between the uttered and the given with one or two vast bazaars; for whatever dant leisure came the drama of the past; out letters, and hastily assumed that a similar adds to the attractiveness of a city is worthy of equally great energies but an eager leis- proportion exists throughout the language. of consideration. One of the most charming ure may spring the drama of the future. It should be noted that the silent letters spots in Paris is the Palais Royal, where there
abound largely only in certain small groups are almost miles of covered galleries and arThe Christian at Work is quite confident of words—as, would, could, rough, enough,
cades lined with innumerable small shops, a that English “phonetic spelling would re- Let us further test the proportion of silent let- great proportion of which are devoted to the duce the labor of writing and type-setting at ters by selecting such words as occur at first display of jewelry and ceramic ware. We least two-fifths," and that the spelling of a hand, giring preference to the larger ones. doubt whether the entire stock of these alword ought to decide its pronunciation. In a whole class, such as deliberation, admi- most endless little bijou places would exceed Now, phonetic spelling cannot decide the pro-ration, detestation, administration, publication, that gathered in Tiffany's one grand palace * nunciation of a word unless accompanied the final syllable may be phonetically spelled of jewels; but the long, brilliant, and crowded with systematized vowel and other markings, shun, but no space would be thereby saved. arcades of the Palais Royal, with their sucand these would probably increase rather than In capacity, formality, capability, nolability, in- cession of exquisitely-arranged shop-windows, reduce the labor of type - setting. If every fidelity, voluntarily, and many kindred words, afford a much more animated and attractive compositor must not only know the correct there are no silent letters. In numerous picture. A similar contrast may be made orthography of a word, but its accepted pro- words ending in e, such as correspondence, de- with London. It is probable that the trade nunciation, and must select not only the right pendence, substance, the final letter is silent. of four or five of our great New York houses letter but the letter with the correct marking, In orthography, geography, and topography, a will amount in the aggregate to nearly all the his labor would become perplexing indeed. letter in each can be saved hy spelling the transactions of Regent Street; and yet how He would gain something in dropping the last syllable fy instead of phy. In the names much more brilliant and fascinating is the final e from words like hate, rate, etc., but of the cities Constantinople, London, Paris, succession of elegant shops in this street tha'n must select the a with a long-sound marking, Vienna, Liverpool, Philadelphia, Baltimore, the dreary, white waste of Stewart's or Arnold, or he would wholly mislead the reader as to Chicago, San Francisco, Cincinnati, there are | Constable & Co.'s! It would appear that the meaning of the word employed. Nor but seven silent letters, all told. In the the very metropolitan vastness of our estabwould the labor of writing be much abridged names of the months there are fairly but lishments detract from the metropolitan gayif it were incumbent upon the writer to accu- three silent letters (spelling March Marh, ety of our streets. By being too big and conrately mark all his vowels, and consonants May Ma, and June Jun), unless we spell the centrated, they lose for us the sense of bigness having more than one sound, such as g, just final syllable of the four last months br in- that comes of the long array of many shops. as he now crosses his l's, and dots his ¿'s. stead of ber, by which four more letters would Stewart does enough business in his one great And when all were done, when words were be saved. In the days of the week the final house, if it were divided up, to occupy all the shorn of their silens letters, and all practi- | y in each is silent, and, in addition, one letter many vacant stores now on Broadway, and, cable markings used, our orthography would may be saved in Tuesday, and two in Wednes- thus diffused, would rescue this once-brillstill fail to indicate accurately the correct day. It is not necessary to go further. In iant street from the gloom that has come over pronunciation of words, because as soon as a the words we have enumerated there are over it. Of course, there is no such thing now as consonant unites with another letter it usu- four hundred letters, and but twenty-seven arresting this concentration, even if it were ally loses wholly or in part its own sound. silent ones, being less than seven per cent. desirable to do so; and the convenience and
The French prime-minister has enjoined TH
economy of our system excuse a multitude that those who, above and below, have the terms of gratitude of the kindness, patience, of defects such as we have pointed out. Our office of serving the guests of the spa, are skill, and tenderness of some physician who only purpose in showing the objectionable obliging and always ready to oblige. Mr. had ministered to them;" but, while this is side of the system is, that those who, like Dr. Howells's distressingly “gentlemanly clerk,” undoubtedly true, yet many of our physicians Johnson, feel so much pride in stately shops, if not extinct, is certainly rare at Saratoga. have a reputation for great recklessness in may realize what they lose—may see how Why, then, should Americans seek distrac- their dealings with their patients, and it is much more gay and Parisian-like our busi- tion, with the long and uneasy Atlantic jour. this class that Mr. Webster gns so forness-streets would be if we did not have ney, at inferior summer resorts abroad? cibly. In the special cases that he cites we these plethoric monsters in our midst. There is only one tolerably valid reason- have conclusive reasons for believing his al.
that our own watering-places are so expen- | legations to be true, and if our correspond. We are more than ever impressed, after a
sive, that the transatlantic trip can be taken ents knew the facts as we know them they recent trip to Saratoga, with the fact that
as cheaply as a sojourn can be made at one would cease accusing the author of the article Americans need not go abroad to find water
of them. This is the most glaring defect of in question of ignorance, however much they ing-places replete with every thing that the Saratoga; prices are out of all reason. Peo- might censure his generalizations as being luxurious may crave, the lover of comfort
ple should not be compelled to pay double too broad and sweeping. seek for, and the invalid tempting health
price for every thing, from a bath to an Inwith tonic waters and cheerful sights may
dian gewgaw, and it is to be hoped that a redesire for recuperation. Any country on the
Literary. form will be made ere long in this direction. globe may be safely defied to produce the match of Saratoga. The gayety of Scarbor
THE “ Bric-à-Brac Series" seems destined ough and Torquay, of Trouville and Biarritz, upon his official subordinates to be more
to illustrate anew how few really good of Baden and Ems and Monaco, is tame be
stories, or jokes, or anecdotes there are cur. careful and legible in their handwriting; and
rent at any one time, how incessantly these side it. Saratoga has been much abused by there are few official regions in the world
few are reappearing in new phraseology and literary cynics and one-sided moralists, and
where the same injunction would not be use- applied to new persons, and how trivial is no doubt has its vices and imperfections, ful. Gentlemen in public life are too apt
the small-talk with which even men of genor it would be paradise. But it has fewer to write wretched scrawls, there being a say
ius and genuine wit seem to entertain their vices and more attractions than any wa
intimates. ing afloat that great men, as a rule, are bad
One would have supposed that,
with the vast literature of reminiscence, autering-place beyond the Atlantic. There is penmen. Silence, however, no more implies
tobiography, and personal gossip to draw certainly less dissipation of the worse sort, wisdom than does bad penmanship genius.
upon, Mr. Stoddard might go on collecting less affectation and assumption of caste, less The great men who have written bad hands
bric-d-brac to an indefinite extent; but his rigidity of etiquette and fashionable rule, are exceptional. Napoleon and Byron pro- last two or three volumes prove distinctly more scope for the greatest enjoyment of the duced, it is true, strange hieroglyphics, espe- that he is reaching the end of his materials, greatest number. The charm of Saratoga, cially when they signed their names; but
or that he has exhausted the patience necesindeed, lies in its essential democracy, the Washington, Jefferson, the Adamses, and in
sary for their proper selection. The eighth free mingling of all classes of people who deed all our Presidents, excepting perhaps Armstrong & Co.), contains reminiscences by
volume, just published (New York: Scribner, behave themselves, and the nicety to which Jackson and Harrison, wrote good and some
John O'Keefe, a popular dramatist, who lived it gratifies every taste. Luxury, surely, was of them very elegant hands; the same may from 1747 to 1833; Michael Kelly, a musical never carried to a more lavish height; yet it be said of Clay, Benton, and Calhoun, among composer and singer, who flourished from is not the luxury of the nabob of Ems or
politicians, and Irving, Hawthorne, Longfel- 1762 to 1825; and John Taylor, a journalist, Homburg, who holds himself apart, has
whose career extended over about the same low, Bryant, Prescott, Thackeray, Bulwer, his special immunities, and upon whom the Tennyson, and Scott, among men of letters.
period. The reminiscences are chiefly of
dramatists, actors, and actresses, and others tradespeople and population wait to the ex- And who are to be named above these? Ju
more or less closely connected with the stage; clusion of lesser mankind. In another re. nius wrote a remarkably beautiful hand; and
and, after reading them with due diligence, spect Saratoga is very notably superior to Sterne's “Sentimental Journey," as seen in we are inclined to agree with Mr. Stoddard the European spas. America is often repre- the original in the British Museum, is grate that, though they contain good things, they sented as a nation of rowdies. " Scratch a ful for the eye to rest upon.
are, on the whole, dull and tedious. A few civilized and polished American,” say some
of the best things in the volume we shall
venture to quote, though we are aware that of our foreign critics, “and you will find a We have already printed one reply to the
in doing so, even to a limited extent, we run rough.” But one who is a looker-on at our article which appeared in the Journal of
the risk of leaving nothing which the reader famous spa notices nothing more quickly July 17th, entitled “ Mismanagement by Phy- will think it worth his while to discover for than the order which prevails amid the hub- sicians," and hence must be excused from
bimself. bub of fashionable gayety. Every thing goes giving space to a very long communication
To begin with, bere is an anecdote of off well. The criticising Englishman will
Congreve, which we do not remember to have on the subject from another physician. We
seen before, and which; even if not new, is look almost in vain for the men with the are quite justified in this refusal inasmuch as
good enough to bear repetition : loud haw-haw and tobacco-spitting propensi- the response is merely one of arguinent, and ties whom he has been taught to regard as
“Speaking of persons addressing an audoes not attempt to disprove the special facts
dience in their own character, dramatic traditypical of the race. Saratoga is fashionable ; eet down in Mr. Webster's article. We are tion gives the following circumstance relative and it bas many fashions which we are fain quite willing to concede that some of Mr. to Congreve : On the first night of the repreto heartily like. It is fashionable there to be Webster's conclusions were too sweeping;
sentation of his last play, The Way of tho
World,' the audience hissed it violently; the gentlemanly and ladylike, and so powerful is he should have discriminated better between clamor was loud, and originated in a party, the example of this fashion, that even the the reckless and the conscientious members for Congreve was a statesman and a placeman. boors and gossips that drist thitherward are of the profession. It is no doubt true, as
He was standing at the side of the stage, and oned down into something not unlike or
when the uproar of hisses and opposition was our correspondent declares, that there are
at its height, he walked on (the first and last erly manners. Our own experience, too, is many persons “who speak in the strongest time this poet ever stood before an audience),