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port the roof are of buff sandstone. Big open books-are carved on the stone, and younger Academicians, we are told, propose einners at the ends of this building, con- above the doorways of the open, pointed to practically solve the difficulty in this way;
nected together by strings of brickwork, still porches is the same device. A broad brick for, with larger funds to employ competent i farther heighten its effect of solidity and and stone uncovered veranda extends along artists as teachers, the high success of the
comfort. Behind both of the edifices we have the front of this building, and numerous National Academy schools is not an open dvelt upon is another, containing some of the groups of differently-arranged windows break question; and we can but commend this class-rooms of the college, which are of the the surface of the walls. The bay-windows generous and practical scheme of the artists Rosbary stone, trimmed with rich yellow to which we have alluded are sustained on as one which, if carried out, cannot fail to do free-stone and black; and, what one rarely brick projections, which support them from great good. sees in this country, a long, open cloister, the lower story. At each successive eleva. surrounding the lower story, recalls similar tion the sashes are variously divided - now paces in England, where in colleges and mon- into groups of two or three windows with flat FORTUNY'S “Bull-Fight” at the exhibition asteries students exercise and take the air, tops; again they are pointed, and occasion
of the Society of French Artists, in London, the os monks did formerly.
Academy says, is “an astounding piece of braWhen there is ally one big window-frame, or a number of
vura. It must no doubt be accepted as a mere so much weather in this country in which lance - shaped little ones, gives variety and
sketch or dabbing-in of the subject, and as it is disagreeable to be in the streets—sum- picturesqueness to the whole of the vertical
such it shows a fury of execution, an amount Der beats and winter snows and rains-we projection. The forms of this building about
of point, certainty, and facility, enough to are surprised that these convenient and beauti. its roof are a striking feature.
make the most accomplished painters open ful corered walks are so seldom met with. In bands of stone form the edge of its pointed their eyes. One might even suppose it to early times, a thousand years ago, such pleas.gables, and between them are little nests of have been jotted down as it stands during the at walks as the old Gothic cloisters of Ches. dormer-windows, of many sizes and of pleas. performance in the arena. To see it is to beter Cathedral found a place in English archi- ant forms. Rows of broad brick chimneys
lieve in it; but no words of ours could realize
to the reader's mind the whirl of its action, tectore. From the hot suns of Italy, the vis- are supported by stair-shaped elevations of
and the chaos of its precision." ..." It is itor takes refuge in the cool stone Campo brick, topped by the same light stone used
curious," says the Saturday Review, writing Santos of Pisa, and of other Italian cities, elsewhere in this structure, and in many
of Miss Thompson's battle-picture at the Roybroad, arched passages, built with their open
set edgewise, formed into al Academy, “ to observe how the fighting proside looking out on the soft berbage of the squares, diamonds, and various tessellated pensities of man-and in these times, when quadrangles of the old monasteries. High up shapes, give an agreeable variety to the equal rights are claimed, we must add of womGo the hill-side, one of these long open gal- general picturesqueness of the edifice. an also-find not only gratification, but occaities looks out upon the Apennines from the There are several other public buildings
sion for exercise, in these battle-pictures. The old conrent of St. Francis of Assisi. In in Cambridge which form important new feat
other day so tumultuous was the crowd gath
ered before Miss Thompson's dramatic repour own country, verandas, improperly called ures of the place — brick spires and towers
resentation of 'The Twenty - eighth Regipiazzas, take the place of these structures as charming as in the structure at the corner
ment at Quatre-Bras' that a struggle almost about our private dwellings ; but, around of Twenty-eighth Street and Madison Avenue, amounting to a combat ensued, in which ladies sebool - houses and public buildings where in New York, where the windows, the differ- took part, one of them being driven bodily, many people congregate, were they built ent stories, and the ornament, if open to with an audible collision, against the bayonets broad and long and of stone or brick for criticism, still show that the builders had of the soldiers in the front rank." .:. The strength and coolness, they would be a source ideas of form, and a taste cultivated by good Athenæum thinks of “the equestrian statue of immense comfort and convenience, to say old examples and by study. These, besides
of Jeanne d'Arc, set up a year or two ago in aothing of their capability of enhancing the many blocks of stores and houses, mark the
Paris, that notwithstanding its defects, which general beauty of the buildings to which they
are, however, rather sins against convention present as distinctly a new period in the
than serious demerits, there can be no doubt appertain. architectural taste of Eastern Massachusetts.
that it is a striking and spirited example of A chapter might be written on the bayThe great fire of Boston afforded an almost
modern sculpture in bronze." This statue, to sindows, the attic-windows, and the porches unexampled opportunity for the reconstruc
our mind, is ridiculously bad ; had it been set of the new houses of Cambridge, and ap- tion of an important section of a populous up in New York by an American artist, it would other on the chimneys and various gables of city, at once wealthy and cultivated, an oppor. be pointed at universally as convincing proof these buildings. One of the few pleasant tunity which its architects, educated abroad of our national inferiority in the arts. points about the new architecture of England and trained by the study of Ruskin, as well "In accordance,” says the Athenæum," with consists in the variety of shape and ornament as their own natural impulses to honesty of
a practice we have several times admired, the of the clay chimney-pots of the houses ; great motive and refinement of feeling, hastened
French have set up in the Champs-Élysées
another statue, which is intended for exporgroups and clusters of flues, massing into what to improve. The building up of the new
tation. This work represents Norodom I. bare the effect of turrets and towers, are of dif- lands that cover the Back Bay in Boston
King of Cambogia, at full size, on horseback, ferent but harmonious variety of height and with an extension of Beacon Street, and
and it is a portrait to the life of the monarch, of many sorts of finish ; and the same thing houses of a class similar to those in that
but unfortunately in a modern European genis true of the recent architecture of New street, have also afforded a fine opportunity eral's dress, cocked hat in hand. It is the Eogiand. The architects of Boston evidently for the taste of the architects-a taste de- work of M. Eude, and a capital specimen of hare their imagination fired by the capabili. veloped by the chance for so many practical picturesque sculpture, and full of spirit."! We ties of form and of ornament of windows and experiments to such a degree as bids fair to
hope this opinion of the Athenæum's is no doorways, and in a less degree of roofs and
more sound than that on the statue of Jeanne give Boston front rank among American cities
d'Arc, just quoted. A contemporary chimneys. One of the finest examples of in. in the art of architecture.
makes mention of three new pictures under teresting detail in these particulars is fur
way by Mr. B. F. Reinhart. One is a concepbished by Mathews Hall, the last-built lodg- We understand that a movement is on
tion of Columbia. " The young lady has a ng-house for students in the college-grounds. foot among the Academicians to give a paint- star upon ber forehead and a crown of leaves It is built of brick, and is seven stories high, ing by each of them to raise a fund for the within her hand. She has on the conventionincluding the rooms in the pointed roof. It benefit of the schools of the National Acad. al clothing, in quantity contrasting forcibly is so big that it will bear a great amount emy, which are greatly in need of funds. with the amount worn by Columbia's daughof detail without baving the simplicity of its It is a question of a good deal of im
ters. About her feet are the emblems of her general mass disturbed by the numerous and portance in the interest of American art
sovereignty. "The Return of the Queen of beautiful projections that vary the surface of whether painting, composition, and the life
the Faries' is another work by Mr. Reinhart.
A pensive-looking young creature, supplied its walls. Trimmed with gray sandstone and classes can be efficiently managed, or if this
with feet, but superior to them, floats above blaek, light lines of this stone divide into leading school of America shall settle down
the green grass attended by a train of maidhorizontal sections the numerous high, gabled upon the basis of a good antique class. Mr.
ens, her fairy companions. These glide gayly points of its roof. In the middle of some of Sanford Gifford, Mr. Huntington, Mr. East- along in couples with their little wings spread, these lines, the arms of the college-three man Johnson, and most of the other old and and on either side are cherubic loves leading
the way. Watching the Gap' is a more pro- a tree at least ten years old must be destroyed. tion their long-talked-of edition of the “ Imisaic work under way, as the boy evidently This costly delicacy had a very tempting ap- tation of Jesus Christ," for which Alexandre thinks who has fiung himself sullenly on the pearance, looking as it did like thick sticks of Dumas is to write a preface, as I mentioned in rails, his dog by his side, to guard some lazy white candy. It is said to be when fresh the a former letter. The work is to be illustrated sheep cropping daisies in the field below." most delicious vegetable known. On this from drawings by Jean Paul Laurens, and is ... The Art JOURNAL for July, in continu- sanie table I noticed a small basket bearing the to contain over three hundred and fifty woodation of its series of papers, with examples imposing title of “Genuine Karakauri, from cuts in the text, besides five large plates, inon wood, of our American painters, will give Algiers,” which strikingly-named article was cluding a head of Christ after Leonardo da a sketch of Mr. E. Wood Perry, with well-ex- no other than that well-known refreshment Vinci. “ Our Manon Lescaut' will be comecuted engravings of two of his recent paint- of Bowery boys and theatre-going youths in pletely eclipsed," announce the publishers, ings. It will also contain an article on the general at home, which we know by the less with odd but unconscious irreverence. The French painter Corot, with portrait and two important title of pea - nuts.
We must go
edition will cost over twenty thousand dolexamples of his style. The usual variety of abroad to learn what things really are curious lars, and is to be one of the finest specimens steel plates and detached articles will also be and wonderful. One of the prettiest inven- of the typographical art of France which this given. ... The German landscape - painter, tions exhibited was a frame for the display of century has yet produced. The “Acts and Karl Reicliardt, recently discovered in Venice cut flowers. It was composed of hoops of Words" of Victor Hugo, which is to be issued six large tapestries of Gobelins manufacture, gilt brass rising in diminishing ratio in the by Michel Levy Brothers, is divided into three copied from Rubens's celebrated paintings in shape of a pyramid - or rather like an old- parts, comprising as many volumes, which dithe gallery of the Prince of Liechtenstein, in fashioned stand for custard-cups; these hoops visions are to be entitled, respectively, “ BeVienna, representing events in the life of De. were set thick with tiny crystal cups, each fore Exile," “During Exile," and " After Excius Mus... A large panel-painting by Ru- hooked on with a brass pin, and intended to ile.” The first part is to appear in a day or bens, representing the Virgin appearing to St. be filled with water, and to contain each a sin- two, preceded by a preface called “ Law and Francis, has, it is reported, been discovered in gle flower. It was filled for the exhibition Right,” which preface is also to be issued as a the church of Notre-Dame, at Cassel. The with pansies of every style, and the effect of separate pamphlet. The same firm also ancircumstance that led to its discovery is thus this mass of velvety, soft-shaded blossoms nounce as nearly ready Count de Gasparin's related in the Chronique : It having been thus grouped close together in a pyramid was Thoughts on Liberty," the third and fourthi judged necessary that some of the pictures very beautiful. A lady sat opposite to it en- volumes of the Count de Paris's “ History of that ornamented the church of Cassel should gaged in making a drawing of it in water-col- the Civil War in America," with further numbe restored, the work was confided to a young ors. The gold medals were gained by the ex- bers of the atlas thereunto belonging, and the artist of the town, who, on cleaning the pict-hibitors of the azaleas and the roses; a special “Life and Works of Sainte-Beuve," by the ure of St. Francis, found to his astonishment premium being awarded to the proprietor of Vicomte d'Haussouville. The firm of Didier that, as the thick coating of dirt that covered the giant asparagus.
& Co. will issue, in the course of the month, the picture gradually disappeared, a work by The funeral of the regretted George Bizet, Mignet's “Rivalry between Francis I. and Rubens came to light.
the young composer of the most successful Charles V." Richard Lesclide has in press a new opera of the past season-namely, “ Car- translation of " The Raven" of Edgar A. Poe
men,” at the Opéra Comique-took place last by Mallarmé, which is to be illustrated with from Abroad.
Saturday. The church was densely crowded, five plates from designs by Manet. As Manet's
many of the leading musical celebrities of new theories in art do not, we believe, extend OUR PARIS LETTER.
Paris being present, and many being moved to drawing, it is to be hoped that these illus
to tears. The event was certainly one of un- trations from his pencil will be more acceptaTHE
Horticultural Exhibition in the or- usual sadness as well as of importance in the ble than his recent paintings have been. And,
angery of the Tuileries has just closed. world of art. The pall-bearers included Gou- à propos of Manet, I was recently told that the It was really wonderfully well worth visiting, nod, Ludovic Halévy, Ambroise Thomas, and wife of an American artist of distinction was notwithstanding the fact that in extent it could the celebrated dramatist Camille Doucet. The ngratul ing Madame Manet one day on the not compare with similar displays at home. But
young composer was only thirty-six years of excellent position in which her husband's every article on exhibition was the choicest of
age. His career, though brief, bas been a much - laughed - at “Argenteuil” had been its kind, and merited close examination and brilliant one. At the age of thirteen he gained placed in the Salon. much admiration. The long terrace, stretch- the first prize of the Conservatoire for the “Ah, yes," made answer the poor lady ; ing along the Place de la Concorde, was de- piano. At eighteen he carried off the grand “but I canuot bear to go near it, for, whenever voted to the display of garden-tools, summer- prize of Rome.
He afterward successfully I do, I hear such unkind remarks about it." houses, small hot-houses, and decorative arti- competed for a prize offered by Offenbach for There is, of course, a good deal of gossip cles in porcelain and majolica ware, as well the best comic opera, his composition being afloat respecting the award of medals at the as various specimens of patent manures and entitled “Les Pêcheurs de Perles." Several Salon. It is said that the medal of honor insect-killers. The orangery itself was filled morceaux from it attained great popularity. would have been bestowed upon George Beckwith palms and azaleas, the slow of the latter He afterward wrote the music for a melo- er, whose “Respha,” though a most unpleasbeing very fine and wonderfully brilliant. An- drama called “L'Artésienne.” The play was ant picture, is undoubtedly one of great origiother long building was given up to the other a failure, but the music was much admired, nality and power. But Cabanel, who once flowers. Of roses there was a peculiarly fine and was subsequently performed at the Pasde- painted a picture of the same subject, and Cadisplay, some giant specimens being as large loup concerts with great success. His greatest rolus Duran, who had hoped for the medal as an ordinary tea-saucer. There were some triumph was achieved, however, by his opera himself, opposed the award, and that successexquisite specimens of the lovely rose known as of “Carmen," which was rapturously received fully. the Gloire de Dijon, which attains far greater at the Opéra Comique last winter. Only one An important musical discovery has just perfection here than it does in our more change- more step remained to him, the boards of the been made at Bergamo, in Italy. An examinaable climate. The geraniums were the most Grande Opéra, and M. Halanzier was in treaty tion was recently made of a chest preserved beautiful flowers exhibited; some varieties of with him for a five-act opera for that establish- there which contained the manuscripts left unrichest carmine, with the petals edged with ment. Fame and Fortune, after eighteen finished by Donizetti (who was a native of white, were perfectly marvelous in their love- years of toil, had already begun to smile upon Bergamo) at his death. Therein was found liness. A beautiful fountain in rock-work him when sudden death, in the shape of an the original partition of a musical farce called surmounted by a figure of Neptune in iron apoplectic attack, struck him down while in the Campanello dello Speziale," of which painted white, was much admired, the water apparent enjoyment of undiminished health Donizetti had composed not only the music, dripping down the front of the rock-work and vigor. He leaves behind him a wife, the but the words; the partition of “Two Men serving to keep fresh and beautiful long fronds daughter of the eminent composer Halévy and One Woman," of which the words were of fern and dainty specimens of moss. The (the author of “La Juive"), and one child. by Gustave Vaez; and, most important disdisplay of fruit and vegetables was not very The music of the funeral-mass was executed covery of all, the manuscript of an opera in extensive, but among the last was exhibited by the Pasdeloup orchestra, and the solos of three acts entitled " The Duke of Alva," with asparagus with stalks literally as thick as the requiem were sung by the leading artists the original libretto in French, by Eugene the arm of a plump baby of three months old. of the Opéra Comique. No recent death in Scribe. The first act is completely finished, A table of tropical fruits, among which were artistic circles in France has called forth more and ready for representation; of the two othsome gigantic lemons from Algiers, attracted heart-felt and widely-expressed regret.
ers, the principal morceaux only are composed. much attention. There was displayed on it a The past week has witnessed some impor- These being ready, however, it will be an easy jar of the so-called palm-cabbage, the heart tant announcements from the book-publishers. matter to prepare the recitatives, and with this of the palm-tree, to obtain each one of wbich Glady Brothers announce for speedy publica- | task three young composers have been charged.
It is expected that the whole work will be sical students who aim at the position of pri- næum. Let its best-known writers express a Tezly for representation early in the fall. It ma donna to the Italian Opera of Paris ! It is wish to review such and such a book, and he is will first be performed in Italy, and, if success- rumored that Strakosch is to be the director sure not to get it. “He would not ask for it if fa! there, will probably be transferred to the of that institution next winter, that he has al- he were uot for some reason or other inclined to boards of Paris and London. If it be as good ready taken the Salle Ventadour, and that he praise or 'slate' it." Sir Charles or his lieujo its way as was “Don Pasquale," which has engaged Patti for a brief series of repre- tenant, Mr. McColl, would say: “Of course, was, I believe, Donizetti's last-represented op- sentations, all of which is pleasant news if it however unjust notices occasionally appear, eli, the diseavery is, indeed, an important be only true. Our young countrywoman Miss they ever will appear in the best-regulated pa
Abbott went over to London some three weeks pers so long as authors and critics have gallToe Grand Prix de Paris, that leading event ago to prepare for making her debut under the bladders, and are so 'touchy.'" in social and sporting circles here, came off auspices of Manager Gye, of Covent Garden. I wish I were Dr. Kenealey-yes, I really las: Sunday, that being the first Sunday in She was to have made her first appearance in do. One could put up, I imagine, with a great Jude. The Observatory, which attempts over " La Fille du Regiment,” but after her first deal of censure and ridicule - one wouldn't here to fill the office of “ Old Probabilities" rehearsal she was told that the version she had mind writing one's self down an ass—for four with us, but with lamentable ill success, an- studied was not that usually presented on the bundred pounds a week, and that is what the Donnéed rain-storms and lowering clouds for English boards, and she would be obliged to irrepressible doctor-the member for Orthe whole day. Of course not a drop of rain relearn the opera entirely. So her debut is ton," as the World has dubbed him-is makfel, and, if the sky were not completely cloud- again postponed, and this time for an indefinite ing out of the Englishman. A little bird bas kas, so much the better, as the soft haze period. She has been studying under Wartel, been whispering to me how he does it, and, in which obscured the atmosphere toward the the celebrated instructor of Nilsson, so it is duty bound, I must confide it to you. Well, clase of the afternoon served to temper the strange that he should have guided her so far the circulation of the doctor's paper is over a bent, which might else have been thought ex- astray as regards the opera in question. hundred thousand copies weekly-say a huntreme for this latitude. The crowd was enor
LUCY H. HOOPER. dred thousand. These he sells at two shilDous, even exceeding in numbers that of last
Jings and tenpence a quire of twenty-sevenyear, and the toilets were radiant to behold.
that is, he sells three thousand seven hundred Such exquisite combinations of color and ma
OUR LONDON LETTER.
and four qnires. Now, three thousand seven terial can hardly be imagined. The favorite
The series of articles now appearing in Mr.
hundred and four two and tenpences is, if I tint was pale blue, certain groups of ladies on Yates's paper-the World-on “ The English mistake not-how I hate figures !-five hunthe tribunes looking like clusters of animated Press,” are creating quite a sensation among
dred and twenty-four pounds fourteen shilforget-me-nots in their exquisite costumes of
journalists. They (the articles, not the jour-lings and eightpence—the total sum derived silk and surah. Madame de MacMahon looked nalists) are terribly caustic. You will remem
from the sale of the scurrilous sheet. As to ber very worst in a dress of écru yellow with
ber I quoted from one of them the other week. the expenses, they are comparatively trifling. a boonet of yellow straw trimmed with oats The last is on the Athenæum - a paper Mr. Suppose we say that in all tbey amount to one and poppies. Her face was flushed with the
Yates bas little reason to be friendly with. hundred and twenty - four pounds fourteen Ecat, and altogether she looked thoroughly This is how it opens :
sbillings and eightpence — they certainly do uncomfortable. Madame de Molins, the em
not amount to more-and four hundred pounds bassadress of Spain, and her two daughters,
"In some parts of the country the Athenceum is believed to be the final arbiter upon all
remain. Verily, the member for Stoke must occapied places in the presidential box; the literary questions, great or small. Its judg
bless the day that he came across that "tun Foung ladies are very pretty and animated ments are obediently accepted as the highest of a man," Arthur Orton ! brunettes, and looked very charming in their expression of cultivated opinion, and there is Mr. Henry Blackburn, the author of “ ArSpanish mantilla-veils of white guipure-lace.
an odd superstition that authors who fail to
tists and Arabs," has hit upon an excellent The great race of the day, the Grand Prix, tire froin the profession. The journal is, in
idea. He is about to produce, through Messrs. created an intense excitement, Claremont, the fact, regarded as a sort of literary Warwick, Chatto and Windus, a shilling hand - book, English horse, being looked upon as a most whose time is spent in making kings of liter- called “ Academy Notes,” the letter-press of dangerous competitor for the prize. It was
ature; and those who indulge this strange be- which will be interspersed with forty etchings whispered abroad that the Prince of Wales,
lief would as soon think of questioning the
of the principal pictures just now on view at his owner, had come over incognito to witness
authority of the Athenæum. We in London Burlington House. He intends, he tells me, his triumph, and that he was present on the who know the journal better would not do it to bring a similar volume out yearly. Some ground in disguise. Be this as it may, the this wrong. For some time past we have been one should take the hint in regard to your own English horses fared but badly, none of them wont to look to our Athenæum rather for amuse
Academy. ment than instruction, and to trust it if at all being even placed, while Salvator, who was more as a newspaper than an organ of criti
A new sixpenny monthly magazine will Dot one of the favorites, carried off the vic- cism."
very soon be started here. It will consist enLory from the French favorites Nougat and St.
tirely of light literature-of matter that those Cyr. The drive home was only to be accom
The writer—a gentleman who at one time
who run may read. The first number will conplished at a snail's pace, so densely were the was on the staff of the Times, 'tis rumored
tain about ten contributions--poems, sketches, Avenue de l'Impératrice and the Avenue des then goes on to rail against "the style ot” the
stories—by well-known English and AmeriChamps-Elysées packed with carriages, the Athenæum's "criticism,” which he declares
can authors. Your humble servant will edit “ remains for the most part curiously devoid throng extending from the gates of the Bois
it. I feel certain there is room for a really de Boulogne fairly down to the rond-point, of power or courage. ... A new poem is boiled
readable sixpenny; at present Mrs. Henry The colors of M. Lupin (black and red) were down as if it were a statistical report,” adds
Wood's magazine-the Argosy-is the only one he; “its verdicts are, as a rule, commonplace; conspicuous in many carriages on the home
in the field worth mentioning. the errors it falls into are many.” A propos of Fard drive. Isabelle, ex-bouquetière of the
Mr. George Barnett Smith informs me that Jockey Club, was present on the ground, but these last, let me quote the final sentences:
he is going to issue a book from the essays on Declected and shorn of all her importance and " Readers of the Athenæum will remember well-known authors which he has contributed all ber glory. the sad blunder about Keats, when it published
to the Edinburgh Review, the Cornhill, the as new a letter which had long been familiar Poor M. Bagier, the ex-director of the Italto every reader of Lord Houghton's charming
Contemporary, and other periodicals. Some ian Opera, has not yet seen the end of his biography. But this was as nothing compared
of these essays are very well worth preservtroubles. He sued the members of his orches- to the review of Mr. Tennyson's Holy Grail,' ing, notably those on Thackeray and Shelley. tra the other day for damages on account of in 1869, on which occasion, and in order to Messrs. Smith, Elder, & Co, will be the pubtheir having broken up his season by striking
prove that the poet's powers had not failed,
lishers. Browning, I may tell you, takes a work and refusing to play, and that, too, when from the Morte d'Arthur,' published in 1842.
great interest in young Mr. Smith. He is contheir salaries had been regularly paid. He There are some journals, as there are some
stantly writing to him, and the poet's letters lost his lawsuit, and immediately one of men, who never get too old to sow wild-oats, are ever a delight for two reasons. They are bis es-prima donnas, Mademoiselle Angeli, and of the wild-oats of the Athenaeum these
not only always prettily couched, but they are are fair samples." sued him for two inonths' salary on the ground
invariably written in the neatest of neat honds. that the season ought to have continued for Sir Charles Dilke has often told me that So far as handscript goes, Mr. Browning would two months after it came to an abrupt close. the Athenæum claims to be a literary newspa- have made an admirable lawyer's clerk. A Bat the lady was unsuccessful, and very just- per, and nothing more; but the World, as you word as to another well-known poet whose ly, too. The odd fact came out on the trial see, sets it up on a higher pedestal, in order to pame begins with a B. Mr. Buchanan has that this young lady's salary amounted to only pull it down again. Of one thing I am cer- been engaged for some months past on a magone hundred dollars (five hundred francs) a tain: there is not a more fairly-conducted pe- num opus. He is still staying " far from the month. Please take notice, V ye aspiring mu- riodical in the universe than this same Athe- | madding crowd”-in short, in one of the most outlandish parts of Ireland, a place where by the light-waves is but another manifesta- aid of ingenious mechanical and physical apmeat is to be had at about fourpence a pound, tion of that which, as electricity, makes the pliances, proceeded to the visible demonstraeggs for a halfpenny each, and milk for next
magnet powerful, or, as heat, results in com- tion of the theory wbich, in his eyes, had alto nothing. Verily, a poet's paradise !
bustion and the consequent generation of ready attained to the dignity of a natural law. You will, by-and-by, have one of our most ardent disciples of Izaak Walton among you
mechanical motion ; but that light possesses “Mr. Crookes began,” says the report, “ by Mr. W. Senior, “Red Spinner” of the Gen
a motive power in itself—that is, that these stating that, in the paper from which he had tleman's Magazine. Mr. Senior intends writing light-waves, as we call them, exercise a direct previously read to the society, he had made a book on “The Rod in America.” A volume repellent force when interrupted, just as do known how a lever arm of pith, delicately of his Gentleman articles has already been the waves of the sea as they beat upon the suspended in a very perfect vacuum, was republished over here under the title of “ Wa- coast, or the wind - currents as they press | pelled by the impact of light or radiant heat." terside Sketches," and has sold remarkably | against the mariner's sail—who ever dreamed Now, if any school-boy will consult even the well. All lovers of the “gentle art” who are of this ? It is to this new conception respecting latest work on natural philosophy, he will off for their holidays are putting it in their
the motive power of light that attention is now there read that light, apart from heat, has no knapsacks. Mr. Senior, I should add, is one
briefly directed, and, if we are content to go physical force whatever, and the fact that an of the “specials" of the Daily News, and there is scarcely a British river that he has not fished
no further at present than the mere notice of ordinary balance suspended in vacuo was not in. He is looking forward to rare sport on
affected by light-rays has been used as an aryour side the Atlantic—a bad lookout for the
gument against Newton's emission theory. finny tribe!
Yet it now appears by Mr. Crookes's experiOne of your enterprising American corre
ments that certain of the needed conditions spondents has been “interviewing" my friend
had not been properly observed, and that it Mr. John Ingram, Poe's new editor. Said cor
was possible, under proper conditions, to serespondent had seen a paragraph in one of
cure positive and even rapid mechanical moyour papers stating that Mr. Ingram was about to start for the States on a lecturing tour; so,
tion by the aid of light-waves alone. Passing naturally, he at once determined to ascertain
by the more complicated of these demonstrathat gentleman's views of things in general.
tions, attention is directed to the form and However, he was doomed to disappointment.
construction of one of these appliances, for Mr. Ingram is a somewhat reticent young man,
the better understanding of which the accomand-at least so he tells me—was not to be
panying illustration is given. This device is drawn out. Moreover, he has not the slight
known as the “radiometer," and by it the est idea of taking to lecturing. Mr. “Special"
true character of radiant heat and of light. naturally, therefore, went away not a little
waves may be demonstrated. crestfallen. Why doesn't he call on Ke
As described, this apparatus consists of nealey? The doctor's voice falls upon mine ears as I write. My office is above his. Just
four arms suspended on a steel point resting now he is holding forth to his shop-boy.
on a cap, so that the arms are able to revolve Mr. Bronson Howard, who is mixing a great
horizontally upon their central pivot, just the deal in “society" here, is going to Berlin in
same, in fact, as the arms of an anemomea few weeks to see a German version of his
ter revolve. To the extremity of each arm “Saratoga.” Just now he is enjoying himself
of straw in the apparatus made by Mr. amazingly on our silver-flowing Thames. He
Crookes is fastened a thin disk of pith, white is a capital oarsman. The quiet beauty of our
on one side and black on the other, the black English scenery seems to have many charms
surface of all the disks facing the same way; for him. He has, by-the-way, more than one
the pith disks are each about the size of a new play in hand. Mr. Charles Gibbon, the author of "Robin
sixpence. The whole arrangement is inclosed Gray," has determined on altering the title of
in a glass globe, which is then exhausted to his forthcoming novel. It will not be called
the highest attainable point and hermetically “Ravelston," but “What will the World
sealed. say?” The world will, I have no doubt, say
Now, in order to demonstrate the motive that the story is a very good one indeed.
power of light by aid of this apparatus, it WILL WILLIAMS.
was only needed that the globe, with the in
closed mimic windmill, be so placed that it Science, Invention, Discovery.
should receive direct rays either of sunlight or from some artificial source, when the fans
would at once be acted upon, resulting in IS LIGHT A MECHANICAL FORCE?
their rapid revolution about the central pivot, E only wish were possible to so ap
continuing as long as the light remained. proach the subject now under review
Lest there should be a doubt as to whether as to impress upon our readers at the outset
it might not be heat-waves which, coming the true significance and value of the discov
from the same source as the light, were yet ery to which it relates. It appears almost
in truth the motors, a screen of alum was inincredible that, in spite of the untiring labors the discovery, and a description of the meth-troduced between the light and the globe, of mind, begun with the first dawn of humanods by which the truth is demonstrated, it is and by this means the light only was transintelligence, and continued with constantly because its possible results are so numberless mitted. Still the same result followed. Again, augmented activity through the ages, such a and far-reaching that to name them, even thinking that there might possibly be some truth as that now demonstrated sbould have without discussion, would carry us beyond electrical conditions about the pith which so long remained uurevealed, and that, with our allotted limits. From several recent incited it to action, these disks were reour knowledge of the so-called physical sources of information on this subject we moved, and those of thin platinum substiforces, and the laws which govern their ac- glean the following facts : In August of 1873 tuted, and, to cover the possible effects of tion, we should have until this late day re- Mr. William Crookes read a brief paper be disengaged moisture in causing the motion, mained in ignorance regarding the true na- fore the Royal Society, in which he just hint- these metal disks were heated to redness, and ture of the familiar phenomenon of light. ed at the possible results which might be the globe put in a perfect non-electrical conThat in many of its properties light is a force obtained through a course of experiments he dition. All these changes were made in obehas been clearly demonstrated, and, by the was then conducting. It was not, however, dience to objections raised by doubters, and aid of certain chemical agencies, it has until the month of May last that this ear- yet the little windmill, obedient to the repelbeen fully proved that the force exercised nest worker came boldly forward and, by the ! lent force of the light-rays exercised against
De dark sides of the disk, moved the same as that time, however, we were not in possession Columbus nor Vasco de Gama so challenges our before. We are informed that, with one of
of certain valuable inforniation which is now admiration as this dauntless monkey, and the instruments, the arms revolved once in given to our readers. This information comes when, after daring the dangers of sea and se bundred and eighty-two seconds, when a
to us in the form of a letter from Ensign Bus- land, he returned to his tribe, we may well asdle - flame was placed at a distance of
bee of Admiral Worden's staff, in which the imagine how the choicest fruit was plucked in
writer ventures the theory that an opening al- honor of the voyager. As his comrades listrente inches; when this distance was de.
ready exists beneath the strait, and is in con- tened to the story of his adventures, and heard creased to ten inches, the time occupied for
stant use as a highway between Europe and his recountal of the sights he had witnessed, de resolution was forty-five seconds; and at Africa. It is true that the frequenters of this many doubtless vowed to emulate his courage, fre inches the revolution was made in eleven route are only monkeys; but if monkeys, why until finally the passage came to be regarded seconds. By this it will be seen that the not men? Leaving it for the engineering as a simple matter, and all aristocratic monsative force of light seems to obey the same commission to settle the fact of the tunnel, the keys came to pass the season on the rock, and har as that governing its intensity—that is, it story of the monkeys as told by our corre- Gibraltar became the Saratoga of the apes. Faries inversely as the square of the distance.
spondent will be fourd sufficiently entertain- " The plan to tunnel the English Channel It is the approach to exactness in these re
ing to merit a perusal, while the possible truth may eventually be carried out, and massive
of the tunnel theory seems to justify us in giv- arches, erected with line and plummet, may salts which affords the strongest proof of the
ing it a place in the science column. The com- support the water's weight; but when one fastice of Mr. Crookes's conclusions, and it munication is as follows:
takes in Calais the cars for Dover, let him resiso appears that in this instrument we have “Few places in Europe have been more member that this idea is not original. The s her and exact method of making actino- thoroughly written up' than Gibraltar. Each monkeys as they cross and recross in their aetrical measurements. While, as before transient visitor feels called upon to dilate in tunnel will have the keen satisfaction of suggested, we have no intention of reviewing glowing rhetoric upon its craggy cliffs,' its knowing that their Darwinian brothers are a greater length the possible effect of this frowning batteries,' etc.; but, in the descrip- but copyists of them, and that theirs is the isorery upon established theories, astro
tions that I have seen, an important omission original submarine passage. Whether it was
has struck me. Of course I refer to the monsedical and physical, yet there can be no
not made with hands, or whether the monkeys—for in Gibraltar alone, of all Spain, of keys made it before they descended into habt that, when the new theory shall have
all Europe, can be found veritable wild mon- man, matters not. Here these little fellows been sufficiently verified to justify its adop- keys.
will journey at their leisure until the waves tion, the result will be manifested in a mod- " That this almost inaccessible rock should of the two seas may prove too strong, and ibration of certain established opinions re- be the only place in Europe in which these the earth, giving way over their thoroughfare, garding the character of centrifugal force, animals are found is singular, but the manner in shall separate them forever from their forefathe influence of light upon the celestial which they get there is much more wonderful.
thers' graves. rates, the true nature of comets' tails, etc.
“The doubter may hesitate to believe “Every one in Gibraltar is deeply interPresident Barnard, in an extended review of
what I am about to state, but let him that ested in the monkeys, and the fine for troubthis discovery, does not hesitate to affirm hesitates keep away from Gibraltar; as for ling them is heavy. When one dies, the fact
is noted in the record kept by the old seribat " it may give rise to much more impor- myself
, I had rather face the muzzles of the
Garden Battery than to hint a suspicion of geant, and generally finds its way into the tast discoveries perhaps than any contribu
unbelief to the old sergeant at the Signal-Tow- | newspapers." tieu to celestial mechanics since the law of
This sergeant is the legal guardian of maritation was demonstrated by Newton." the monkeys, and it is his duty to provide them The introduction of electric indicators and und, so far as the inquiries have progressed, with food and drink when berries are scarce signals into our hotels and other buildings has we learn that "such eminent men as Pro- and rain infrequent. When he gives them at present been made of service only as indifessors Stokes and Huxley, Dr. Carpenter,
drink he has to chain the saucers to trees, for cating the room from which the bell was rung. Nr. Norman Lockyer, and others, agree that
the wretches used to amuse themselves, after This signal has to be answered by a waiter, the demonstration was perfect.” At present,
drinking, by shying the saucers around in a who is then often dispatched on some slight the chief opponent of the theory is Pro.
very indiscriminate manner, some at the olderrand, such as bringing water, calling a genfessor Osborne Reynolds, and, when the full
man, others far out into the sea, and added to eral messenger, etc. Recognizing the value
their enormities by laughing and chattering of some improvement which would enable the report of this gentleman's viows is received,
at the very natural expletives of their bene- occupant of the room to indicate within a we shall again return to the discussion of the factor.
limited range the purpose of the signal, M. subject. Indeed, it may not be necessary to “These monkeys are seen in Gibraltar Detrayeux has devised the following plan, await this protest, since, should the facts as only at certain intervals, and at intervals they which is favorably noticed in the Bulletin de Aber now stand be indorsed by other ob- disappear. They come from Africa, from Mo- la Société Encouragement : Under each number servers, our readers may expect to become
rocco across the strait. There is a cave run- of the indicator at the clerk's desk there is 2a familiar with the new theory as they are
ping down from the top of the rock, and un- placed a board on which is a printed list of the
derneath the strait there musi be a passage. How with that of gravitation. Regarding the
more common requirements in hotels. Over possible effects of this discovery upon the So strongly is this believed, that the nearest this list an index-needle is so adjusted that it
may move freely up or down, stopping before present views, a recent enthusiastic reviewer point in Africa, Apes' Hill, receives its name
from the circumstance. These monkeys are any name upon it. In the traveler's room is a doses the report of his observations as fol. in all respects like the little monkeys of corresponding list and index-finger in addi13#3: " It seems not impossible that our Northern Africa, and when they are scarce on tion to the common button now in use. The Cathematicians, calculating from the small Apes' Hill, they abound on the Rock of Gib- general operation of the device is as follows: Eirface of these disks the motive force of raltar; when there are none on the rock, they The occupant of the room adjusts the indexsalight, may soon tell us pretty accurately are much more numerous on the other side. needle so that it shall point to the desired obskat is the aggregate power which the lumiThe cave has never been explored by man,ject, and then touches the electric button. The
signal is transmitted to the indicator, which, 1993 rays of the sun command, and nothing though several adventurous engineers and othof this, by the law of forces, can be really scend it.
ers have lost their lives in the endeavor to de- being constructed with a view to these comwasted. “Let there be light: and there was
plications, rings a bell, at the same time caus6. These animals could not
ing the index-needle to move in accord with light,' seems to derive a new majesty of
Spain, for they would be obliged to cross the the one at the more distant end of the line. meaning from the discovery which shows us Neutral Ground,' a perfectly barren strip of The attention of the waiter or hall-boy is atthis subtile something, no mere undulation land, and certainly at some time traces of tracted by the bell, and he reads its purpose bor · mode of motion,' but a living force as them would have been found : besides, if any from the list indicated by the needle, and, well as the illumination of all life. It does were in Spain, such inveterate sportsmen as having restored the latter to its place, proappear as if a marvelous expansion of knowl. the English officers, hunting constantly as ceeds to answer the request without further iuedge is about to open as a result of these they do, would find them.
quiry. It is proposed to so adapt the needle ceicate experiments."
“One can imagine a young monkey of in the room that when the current is checked Africa, a nascent Kane or Livingstone, fired by the waiter below it will take its normal po
with enthusiasm, leaving home and friends sition automatically; thus the one ringing will Is a recent note on submarine tunnels, we with many a tearful remonstrance from his be informed that his request is about to be moodnced that it had been proposed to open a mother, resolving to explore the chasm in answered. All this may seem to involve tannel beneath the Straits of Gibraltar. At | Apes' Hill, or to perislı in the effort. Not mechanism too complicated to be of service,