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port the roof are of buff sandstone. Big open books—are carved on the stone, and younger Academicians, we are told, propose dimneys at the ends of this building, con above the doorways of the open, pointed to practically solve the difficulty in this way; nected together by strings of brickwork, still porches is the same device. A broad brick for, with larger funds to employ competent further heighten its effect of solidity and and stone uncovered veranda extends along artists as teachers, the high success of the comfort. Behind both of the edifices we have the front of this building, and numerous National Academy schools is not an open dvelt upon is another, containing some of the groups of differently-arranged windows break question; and we can but commend this class-rooms of the college, which are of the the surface of the walls. The bay-windows generous and practical scheme of the artists Rasbury stone, trimmed with rich yellow to which we have alluded are sustained on as one which, if carried out, cannot fail to do free-stone and black; and, what one rarely brick projections, which support them from great good. sees in this country, a long, open cloister, the lower story. At each successive elevasurrounding the lower story, recalls similar tion the sashes are variously divided - now places in England, where in colleges and mon into groups of two or three windows with flat FORTUNY'S "Bull-Fight" at the exhibition asteries students exercise and take the air, tops ; again they are pointed, and occasion

of the Society of French Artists, in London, the us monks did formerly. When there is ally one big window-frame, or a number of

Academy says, is " an astounding piece of bra

vura. It must no doubt be accepted as a mere so much weather in this country in which | lance - shaped little ones, gives variety and

sketch or dabbing-in of the subject, and as it is disagreeable to be in the streets--sum- picturesqueness to the whole of the vertical such it shows a fury of execution, an amount mer beats and winter snows and rains—we projection. The forms of this building about of point, certainty, and facility, enough to are surprised that these convenient and beauti- its roof are a striking feature. Here gray make the most accomplished painters open ful covered walks are so seldom met with. In bands of stone form the edge of its pointed their eyes. One might even suppose it to early times, a thousand years ago, such pleas- gables, and between them are little nests of have been jotted down as it stands during the ant walks as the old Gothic cloisters of Ches-dormer-windows, of many sizes and of pleas. performance in the arena. To see it is to beter Cathedral found a place in English archi ant forms. Rows of broad brick chimneys lieve in it; but no words of ours could realize tecture. From the hot suns of Italy, the vis

to the reader's mind the whirl of its action, are supported by stair-shaped elevations of

and the chaos of its precision." ..." It is itor takes refuge in the cool stone Campo brick, topped by the same light stone used

curious," says the Saturday Review, writing Santos of Pisa, and of other Italian cities, elsewhere in this structure, and in many

of Miss Thompson's battle-picture at the Roybroad, arched passages, built with their open parts bricks set edgewise, formed into al Academy,“ to observe how the fighting proside looking out on the soft berbage of the squares, diamonds, and various tessellated pensities of man-and in these times, when quadrangles of the old monasteries. High up shapes, give an agreeable variety to the equal rights are claimed, we must add of womcn the hill-side, one of these long open galo general picturesqueness of the edifice. an also-find not only gratification, but occaleries looks out upon the Apennines from the There are several other public buildings sion for exercise, in these battle-pictures. The oid content of St. Francis of Assisi. In in Cambridge which form important new feat

other day so tumultuous was the crowd gath

ered before Miss Thompson's dramatic repour own country, verandas, improperly called ures of the place — brick spires and towers

resentation of The Twenty-eighth Regipiazzas, take the place of these structures as charming as in the structure at the corner

ment at Quatre-Bras' that a struggle almost about our private dwellings ; but, around of Twenty-eighth Street and Madison Avenue, amounting to a combat ensued, in which ladies sehool - houses and public buildings where in New York, where the windows, the differ- took part, one of them being driven bôdily, many people congregate, were they built ent stories, and the ornament, if open to with an audible collision, against the bayonets broad and long and of stone or brick for criticism, still show that the builders had of the soldiers in the front rank.” ... The strength and coolness, they would be a source ideas of form, and a taste cultivated by good Athenæum thinks of “the equestrian statue of immense comfort and convenience, to say old examples and by study. These, besides

of Jeanne d'Arc, set up a year or two ago in nothing of their capability of enhancing the many blocks of stores and houses, mark the Paris, that notwithstanding its defects, which general beauty of the buildings to which they present as distinctly a new period in the

are, however, rather sins against convention appertain.

than serious demerits, there can be no doubt architectural taste of Eastern Massachusetts.

that it is a striking and spirited example of A chapter might be written on the bay. The great fire of Boston afforded an almost modern sculpture in bronze.” This statue, to windows, the attic-windows, and the porches unexampled opportunity for the reconstruc

our mind, is ridiculously bad; had it been set of the new houses of Cambridge, and an tion of an important section of a populous up in New York by an American artist, it would other on the chimneys and various gables of city, at once wealthy and cultivated, an oppor- be pointed at universally as convincing proor these buildings. One of the few pleasant tunity which its architects, educated abroad of our national inferiority in the arts. ... points about the new architecture of England and trained by the study of Ruskin, as well “In accordance," says the Athenæum,“ with consists in the variety of shape and ornament as their own natural impulses to honesty of

a practice we have several times admired, the of the clay chimney-pots of the houses ; great motive and refinement of feeling, hastened

French have set up in the Champs-Élysées

another statue, which is intended for exporgroups and clusters of flues, massing into what to improve. The building up of the new

tation. This work represents Norodom I., have the effect of turrets and towers, are of dif- / lands that cover the Back Bay in Boston

King of Cambogia, at full size, on horseback, ferent but harmonious variety of height and with an extension of Beacon Street, and

and it is a portrait to the life of the monarch, of many sorts of finish ; and the same thing houses of a class similar to those in that but unfortunately in a modern European genis true of the recent architecture of New street, have also afforded a fine opportunity eral's dress, cocked hat in hand. "It is the England. The architects of Boston evidently for the taste of the architects-a taste de work of M. Eude, and a capital specimen of have their imagination fired by the capabili-veloped by the chance for so many practical picturesque sculpture, and full of spirit." We ties of form and of ornament of windows and experiments to such a degree as bids fair to hope this opinion of the Athenæum's is no doorways, and in a less degree of roofs and give Boston front rank among American cities

more sound than that on the statue of Jeanne chimneys. One of the finest examples of in- in the art of architecture.

d'Arc, just quoted. ... A contemporary teresting detail in these particulars is fur

makes mention of three new pictures under

way by Mr. B. F. Reinhart. One is a concepnished by Mathews Hall, the last-built lodg We understand that a movement is on

tion of Columbia. "The young lady has a ing-house for students in the college-grounds. foot among the Academicians to give a paint star upon ber forehead and a crown of leaves It is built of brick, and is seven stories high, ing by each of them to raise a fund for the within her hand. She has on the conventionincluding the rooms in the pointed roof. It benefit of the schools of the National Acad al clothing, in quantity contrasting forcibly is so big that it will bear a great amount emy, which are greatly in need of funds. with the amount worn by Columbia's daughof detail without having the simplicity of its It is a question of a good deal of im ters. About her feet are the emblems of her general mass disturbed by the numerous and portance in the interest of American art

sovereignty. "The Return of the Queen of beautiful projections that vary the surface of whether painting, composition, and the life

the Faries' is another work by Mr. Reinhart. its walls. Trimmed with gray sandstone and classes can be efficiently managed, or if this

A pensive-looking young creature, supplied

with feet, but superior to them, floats above black, light lines of this stone divide into leading school of America shall settle down

the green grass attended by a train of maidborizontal sections the numerous high, gabled upon the basis of a good antique class. Mr.

ens, her fairy companions. These glide gayly points of its roof. In the middle of some of Sanford Gifford, Mr. Huntington, Mr. East- along in couples with their little wings spread, t'iese lines, the arms of the college-three man Johnson, and most of the other old and and on either side are cherubic loves leading

the way. Watching the Gap' is a more pro a tree at least ten years old must be destroyed. tion their long-talked-of edition of the “Imisaic work under way, as the boy evidently This costly delicacy had a very tempting ap tation of Jesus Christ," for which Alexandre thinks who has flung himself sullenly on the pearance, looking as it did like thick sticks of Dumas is to write a preface, as I mentioned in rails, his dog by his side, to guard some lazy white candy. It is said to be when fresh the a former letter. The work is to be illustrated sheep cropping daisies in the field below." most delicious vegetable known. On this from drawings by Jean Paul Laurens, and is ... The ART JOURNAL for July, in continu same table I noticed a small basket bearing the to contain over three hundred and fifty woodation of its series of papers, with examples imposing title of " Genuine Karakauri, from cuts in the text, besides five large plates, inon wood, of our American painters, will give Algiers,” which strikingly-named article was cluding a head of Christ after Leonardo da a sketch of Mr. E. Wood Perry, with well-ex no other than that well-known refreshment Vinci. Our Manon Lescaut' will be comecuted engravings of two of his recent paint of Bowery boys and theatre-going youths in pletely eclipsed,” announce the publishers, ings. It will also contain an article on the general at home, which we know by the less with odd but unconscious irreverence. The French painter Corot, with portrait and two important title of pea- nuts.

We must go

edition will cost over twenty thousand dolexamples of his style. The usual variety of abroad to learn what things really are curious | lars, and is to be one of the finest specimens steel plates and detached articles will also be and wonderful. One of the prettiest inven of the typographical art of France which this given. ... The German landscape - painter, tions exhibited was a frame for the display of century has yet produced. The “Acts and Karl Reichardt, recently discovered in Venice cut flowers. It was composed of hoops of Words" of Victor Hugo, which is to be issued six large tapestries of Gobelins manufacture, gilt brass rising in diminishiny ratio in the by Michel Levy Brothers, is divided into three copied from Rubens's celebrated paintings in shape of a pyramid - or rather like an old parts, comprising as many volumes, which dithe gallery of the Prince of Liechtenstein, in fashioned stand for custard-cups ; these hoops visions are to be entitled, respectively, “BeVienna, representing events in the life of De were set thick with tiny crystal cups, each fore Exile," " During Exile," and " After Excius Mus. . . . A large panel-painting by Ru hooked on with a brass pin, and intended to ile.” The first part is to appear in a day or bens, representing the Virgin appearing to St. be filled with water, and to contain each a sin two, preceded by a preface called "Law and Francis, has, it is reported, been discovered in gle flower. It was filled for the exhibition Right," which preface is also to be issued as a the church of Notre-Dame, at Cassel. The with pansies of every style, and the effect of separate pamphlet. The same firm also ancircumstance that led to its discovery is thus this mass of velvety, soft-shaded blossoms nounce as nearly ready Count de Gasparin's related in the Chronique : It having been thus grouped close together in a pyramid was “Thoughts on Liberty," the third and fourth judged necessary that some of the pictures very beautiful. A lady sat opposite to it en volumes of the Count de Paris's “ History of that ornamented the church of Cassel should gaged in making a drawing of it in water-col- | the Civil War in America,” with further numbe restored, the work was confided to a young ors. The gold medals were gained by the ex bers of the atlas thereunto belonging, and the artist of the town, who, on cleaning the pict- | hibitors of the azaleas and the roses ; a special “Life and Works of Sainte-Beuve," by the ure of St. Francis, found to his astonishment premium being awarded to the proprietor of Vicomte d'Haussonville. The firm of Didier that, as the thick coating of dirt that covered the giant asparagus.

& Co. will issue, in the course of the month, the picture gradually disappeared, a work by The funeral of the regretted George Bizet, Mignet's “Rivalry between Francis I. and Rubens came to light.

the young composer of the most successful Charles V.” Richard Lesclide has in press a new opera of the past season-namely, “Car- translation of " The Raven" of Edgar A. Poe

men,” at the Opéra Comique-took place last by Mallarmé, which is to be illustrated with from Abroad.

Saturday. The church was densely crowded, five plates from designs by Manet. As Manet's

many of the leading musical celebrities of new theories in art do not, we believe, extend OUR PARIS LETTER.

Paris being present, and many being moved to drawing, it is to be hoped that these illus

to tears. The event wis certainly one of un trations from his pencil will be more acceptaTHE VE Horticultural Exhibition in the or usual sadness as well as of importance in the ble than his recent paintings have been. And,

angery of the Tuileries has just closed. world of art. The pall-bearers included Gou- à propos of Manet, I was recently told tint the It was really wonderfully well worth visiting, nod, Ludovic Halévy, Ambroise Thomas, and wife of an American artist of distinction was notwithstanding the fact that in extent it could the celebrated dramatist Camille Doucet. The congratulating Madame Manet one day on the not compare with similar displays at home. But

young composer was only thirty-six years of excellent position in which her husband's every article on exhibition was the choicest of

age. His career, though brief, bas been a much - laughed - at “ Argenteuil" had been its kind, and merited close examination and brilliant one. At the age of thirteen he gained placed in the Salon. much admiration. The long terrace, stretch the first prize of the Conservatoire for the " Ah, yes," made answer the poor lady ; ing along the Place de la Concorde, was de- piano. At eighteen he carried off the grand " but I cannot bear to go near it, for, whenever voted to the display of garden-tools, summer prize of Rome. He afterward successfully I do, I hear such unkind remarks about it.” houses, small hot-houses, and decorative arti- competed for a prize offered by Offenbach for There is, of course, a good deal of gossip cles in porcelain and majolica ware, as well the best comic opera, his composition being afloat respecting the award of medals at the as various specimens of patent manures and entitled "Les Pêcheurs de Perles.” Several Salon. It is said that the medal of honor insect-killers. The orangery itself was filled morceaux from it attained great popularity. would have been bestowed upon George Beckwith palms and azaleas, the show of the latter He afterward wrote the music for a melo er, whose “Respha,” though a most unpleasbeing very fine and wonderfully brilliant. An drama called “L'Artésienne." The play was ant picture, is undoubtedly one of great origiother long building was given up to the other a failure, but the music was much admired, ! nality and power. But Cabanel, who once flowers. Of roses there was a peculiarly fine and was subsequently performed at the Pasde- | painted a picture of the same subject, and Cadisplay, some giant specimens being as large loup concerts with great success. His greatest rolus Duran, who had hoped for the medal as an ordinary tea-saucer. There were some triumph was achieved, however, by his opera himself, opposed the award, and that successexquisite specimens of the lovely rose known as Carmen," which was rapturously received fully. the Gloire de Dijon, which attains far greater at the Opéra Comique last winter. Only one An important musical discovery has just perfection here than it does in our more change more step remained to him, the boards of the been made at Bergamo, in Italy. An examinaable climate. The geraniums were the most Grande Opéra, and M. Halanzier was in treaty tion was recently made of a chest preserved beautiful flowers exhibited ; some varieties of with him for a five-act opera for that establish there which contained the manuscripts left unrichest carmine, with the petals edged with ment. Fame and Fortune, after eighteen finished by Donizetti (who was a native of white, were perfectly marvelous in their love- | years of toil, had already begun to smile upon | Bergamo) at his death. Therein was found liness. A beautiful fountain in rock-work him when sudden death, in the shape of an the original partition of a musical farce called surmounted by a figure of Neptune in iron apoplectic attack, struck him down while in the “Campanello dello Speziale,” of which painted white, was much admired, the water apparent enjoyment of undiminished health Donizetti had composed not only the music, dripping down the front of the rock-work and vigor. He leaves behind him a wife, the but the words; the partition of "Two Men serving to keep fresh and beautiful long fronds daughter of the eminent composer Halévy and One Woman," of which the words were of fern and dainty specimens of moss. The (the author of "La Juive"), and one child. by Gustave Vaez; and, most important disdisplay of fruit and vegetables was not very The music of the funeral-mass was executed covery of all, the manuscript of an opera in extensive, but among the last was exhibited by the Pasdeloup orchestra, and the solos of three acts entitled “The Duke of Alva," with asparagus with stalks literally as thick as the requiem were sung by the leading artists the original libretto in French, by Eugène the arm of a plump baby of three months old. of the Opéra Comique. No recent death in Scribe. The first act is completely finished, A table of tropical fruits, among which were artistic circles in France has called forth more and ready for representation; of the two othsome gigantic lemons from Algiers, attracted heart-felt and widely-expressed regret. ers, the principal morceaux only are composed. much attention. There was displayed on it a The past week has witnessed some impor- These being ready, however, it will be an easy jar of the so-called palm-cabbage, the heart tant announcements from the book-publishers. matter to prepare the recitatives, and with this of the palm-tree, to obtain each one of which ! Glady Brothers announce for speedy publica- | task three young composers have been charged.

of 4

It is expected that the whole work will be sical students who aim at the position of pri næum. Let its best-known writers express a ready for representation early in the fall. It ma donna to the Italian Opera of Paris ! It is wish to review such and such a book, and he is will first be performed in Italy, and, if success rumored that Strakosch is to be the director sure not to get it. “He would not ask for it if fal there, will probably be transferred to the of that institution next winter, that he has al he were not for some reason or other inclined to boards of Paris and London. If it be as good ready taken the Salle Ventadour, and that he praise or slate' it.” Sir Charles or his lieuin its way as was "Don Pasquale," which has engaged Patti for a brief series of repre tenant, Mr. McColl, would say: “Of course, yas, I believe, Donizetti's last-represented op- septations, all of which is pleasant news if it however unjust notices occasionally appear, era, the diseavery is, indeed, an important be only true. Our young countrywoman Miss they ever will appear in the best-regulated pa

Abbott went over to London some three weeks pers so long as authors and crities have gallThe Grand Prix de Paris, that leading event ago to prepare for making her début under the bladders, and are so toạchy.?” in social and sporting circles here, came off auspices of Manager Gye, of Covent Garden. I wish I were Dr. Kenealey-yes, I really last Sunday, that being the first Sunday in She was to have made her first appearance in do. One could put up, I imagine, with a great June, The Observatory, which attempts over “La Fille du Regiment," but after her first deal of censure and ridicule -- one wonldn't kere to fill the office of " Old Probabilities" rehearsal she was told that the version she had mind writing one's self down an ass-for four with us, but with lamentable ill success, an studied was not that usually presented on the hundred pounds a week, and that is what the nounced rain-storms and lowering clouds for English boards, and she would be obliged to irrepressible doctor-the “member for Orthe whole day. Of course not a drop of rain relearn the opera entirely. So her debut is ton,” as the World has dubbed him-is makfell, and, if the sky were not completely cloud- again postponed, and this time for an indefinite ing out of the Englishman. A little bird bas less, so much the better, as the soft haze period. She has been studying under Wartel, been whispering to me how he does it, and, in which obseured the atmosphere toward the the celebrated instructor of Nilsson, so it is duty bound, I must confide it to you. Well, close of the afternoon served to temper the strange that he should have guided her so far the circulation of the doctor's paper is over a beat, which might else have been thought ex astray as regards the opera in question. hundred thousand copies weekly--say a huntreme for this latitude. The crowd was enor

LUCY H. HOOPER. dred thousand. These he sells at two shilmous, even exceeding in numbers that of last

lings and tenpence a quire of twenty-sevenyear, and the toilets were radiant to behold.

that is, he sells three thousand seven hundred Sueba exquisite combinations of color and ma OUR LONDON LETTER. and four quires. Now, three thousand seven terial can hardly be imagined. The favorite

The series of articles now appearing in Mr. j hundred and four two and tenpences is, if I tint was pale blue, certain groups of ladies on

Yates's paper-the World-on " The English mistake not-how I hate figures !-five hunthe tribunes looking like clusters of animated Press," are creating quite a sensation among

dred and twenty-four pounds fourteen shilforget-me-nots in their exquisite costumes of

journalists. They (the articles, not the jour-lings and eightpence—the total sum derived silk and surak. Madame de MacMahon looked nalists) are terribly caustic. You will remem from the sale of the scurrilous sheet. As to her very worst in a dress of écru yellow with ber I quoted from one of them the other week. the expenses, they are comparatively trifling. a bonnet of yellow straw trimmed with oats The last is on the Athenæum- a paper Mr. Suppose we say that in all they amount to one and poppies. Her face was flushed with the

Yates has little reason to be friendly with. hundred and twenty - four pounds fourteen kest, and altogether she looked thoroughly This is how it opens :

sbillings and eightpence -- they certainly do ancomfortable. Madame de Molins, the em

not amount to more-and four hundred pounds bassadress of Spain, and her two daughters,

"In some parts of the country the Athenaum is believed to be the final arbiter upon all

remain. Verily, the member for Stoke must recupied places in the presidential box; the literary questions, great or small. Its judg- bless the day that he came across that “tun young ladies are very pretty and animated ments are obediently accepted as the highest of a man," Arthur Orton! brunettes, and looked very charming in their expression of cultivated opinion, and there is Mr. Henry Blackburn, the author of " ArSpanish mantilla-veils of white guipure-lace. gain the applause of the Athenæum at once re

tists and Arabs," has hit upon an excellent The great race of the day, the Grand Prix, tire from the profession. The journal is, in

idea. He is about to produce, through Messrs. erented an intense excitement, Claremont, the fact, regarded as a sort of literary Warwick, Chatto and Windus, a shilling hand - book, English horse, being looked upon as a most whose time is spent in making kings of liter- called " Academy Notes," the letter-press of dangerous competitor for the prize. It was ature; and those who indulge this strange be which will be interspersed with forty etchings whispered abroad that the Prince of Wales,

lief would as soon think of questioning the his owner, had come over incognito to witness

validity of a legal sentence as of doubting the of the principal pictures just now on view at

authority of the Atheneum. We in London Burlington House. He intends, he tells me, his triumph, and that he was present on the who know the journal better would not do it to bring a similar volume out yearly. Some ground in disguise. Be this as it may, the this wrong. For some time past we have been one should take the hint in regard to your own English horses fared but badly, none of them

wont to look to our Athenæum rather for amuse; | Academy. being even placed, while Salvator, who was

ment than instruction, and to trust it if at all
more as a newspaper than an organ of criti-

A new sixpenny monthly magazine will Dot one of the favorites, carried off the vic

cism."

very soon be started here. It will consist entory from the French favorites Nougat and St.

tirely of light literature-of matter that those Cyr. The drive home was only to be accom

The writer-a gentleman who at one time

who run may read. The first number will conplished at a snail's pace, so densely were the was on the staff of the Times, 'tis rumored

tain about ten contributions—poems, sketches, Avenue de l'Impératrice and the Avenue des

then goes on to rail against the style of” the stories-by well-known English and AmeriChamps-Elysées packed with carriages, the Athenæum's "criticism,” which he declares

can authors. Your humble servant will edit “ remains for the most part curiously devoid throng extending from the gates of the Bois

it. I feel certain there is room for a really de Boulogne fairly down to the rond-point, of power or courage. ... A new poem is boiled

readable sixpenny; at present Mrs. Henry The colors of M. Lupin (black and red) were down as if it were a statistical report," adds

Wood's magazine-the Argosyis the only one conspicuous in many carriages on the home-he; “its verdicts are, as a rule, commonplace ;

in the field worth mentioning. Tard drive. Isabelle, ex-bouquetière of the the errors it falls into are many.” A propos of

Mr. George Barnett Smith informs me that Jockey Club, was present on the ground, but these last, let me quote the final sentences :

he is going to issue a book from the essays on neglected and shorn of all her importance and " Readers of the Atheneum will remember well-known authors which he has contributed all her glory. the sad blunder about Keats, when it published

to the Edinburgh Review, the Cornhill, the Poor M. Bagier, the ex-director of the Ital

as new a letter which had long been familiar ian Opera, has not yet seen the end of his biography. But this was as nothing compared to every reader of Lord Houghton's charming Contemporary, and other periodicals. Some

of these essays are very well worth preservtroubles. He sued the members of his orches to the review of Mr. Tennyson's "Holy Grail, ing, notably those on Thackeray and Shelley. tra the other day for damages on account of in 1869, on which occasion, and in order to Messrs. Smith, Elder, & Co, will be the pubtheir having broken up his season by striking prove that the poet's powers had not failed, the innocent journal quoted a long, passage

lishers. Browning, I may tell you, takes a work and refusing to play, and that, too, when from the · Morte d'Arthur,' published in 1842.

great interest in young Mr. Smith. He is contheir salaries had been regularly paid. He There are some journals, as there are some stantly writing to him, and the poet's letters lost his lawsuit, and immediately one of men, who never get too old to sow wild-oats, are ever a delight for two reasons. They are bis ex-prima donnas, Mademoiselle Angeli, and of the wild-oats of the Athenæum these not only always prettily couched, but they are sued him for two inonths' salary on the ground are fair samples."

invariably written in the neatest of neat hands. that the season ought to have continued for Sir Charles Dilke has often told me that | So far as handscript goes, Mr. Browning would two months after it came to an abrupt close. the Athenæum claims to be a literary newspa- have made an admirable lawyer's clerk. A Bat the lady was unsuccessful, and very just per, and nothing more; but the World, as you word as to another well-known poet whose ly, too. The odd fact came out on the trial see, sets it up on a higher pedestal, in order to name begins with a B. Mr. Buchanan has that this young lady's salary amounted to only pull it down again. Of one thing I am cer been engaged for some months past on a magone hundred dollars (five hundred francs) a tain: there is not a more fairly-conducted pe num opus. He is still staying "far from the month. Please take notice, Oye aspiring mu- / riodical in the universe than this same Athe- | madding crowd”-in short, in one of the most

outlandish parts of Ireland, a place where by the light-wares is but another manifesta- aid of ingenious mechanical and physical apmeat is to be had at about fourpence a pound, tion of that which, as electricity, makes the pliances, proceeded to the visible demonstraeggs for a halfpenny each, and milk for next

magnet powerful, or, as heat, results in com tion of the theory which, in his eyes, had alto nothing. Verily, a poet's paradise !

bustion and the consequent generation of ready attained to the dignity of a natural law. You will, by-and-by, have one of our most

mechanical motion ; but that light possesses “Mr. Crookes began,” says the report, "by ardent disciples of Izaak Walton among youMr. W. Senior, “Red Spinner" of the Gen

a motive power in itself-that is, that these stating that, in the paper from which he had tleman's Magazine. Mr. Senior intends writing light-waves, as we call them, exercise a direct previously read to the society, he had made a book on "The Rod in America.” A volume repellent force when interrupted, just as do known how a lever arm of pith, delicately of his Gentleman articles has already been the waves of the sea as they beat upon the suspended in a very perfect vacuum, was republished over here under the title of “Wa- coast, or the wind-currents as they press pelled by the impact of light or radiant heat.” terside Sketches," and has sold remarkably į against the mariner's sail—who ever dreamed Now, if any school-boy will consult even the well. All lovers of the “gentle art” who are of this ? It is to this new conception respecting latest work on natural philosophy, he will off for their holidays are putting it in their the motive power of light that attention is now there read that light, apart from heat, has no knapsacks. Mr. Senior, I should add, is one

briefly directed, and, if we are content to go physical force whatever, and the fact that an of the “specials" of the Daily News, and there is scarcely a British river that he has not fished

no further at present than the mere notice of ordinary balance suspended in vacuo was not in. He is looking forward to rare sport on

affected by light-rays has been used as an aryour side the Atlantio—a bad lookout for the

gument against Newton's emission theory. finny tribe!

Yet it now appears by Mr. Crookes's experiOne of your enterprising American corre

ments that certain of the needed conditions spondents has been “interviewing” my friend

had not been properly observed, and that it Mr. John Ingram, Poe's new editor. Said cor

was possible, under proper conditions, to serespondent had seen a paragraph in one of

cure positive and even rapid mechanical moyour papers stating that Mr. Ingram was about to start for the States on a lecturing tour; so,

tion by the aid of light-waves alone. Passing naturally, he at once determined to ascertain

by the more complicated of these demonstrathat gentleman's views of things in general.

tions, attention is directed to the form and However, he was doomed to disappointment.

construction of one of these appliances, for Mr. Ingram is a somewhat reticent young man,

the better understanding of which the accomand—at least so he tells me—was not to be

panying illustration is given. This device is drawn out. Moreover, he has not the slight

known as the “radiometer,” and by it the est idea of taking to lecturing. Mr.“ Special

true character of radiant heat and of light. naturally, therefore, went away not a little

waves may be demonstrated. crestfallen. Why doesn't he call on Ke

As described, this apparatus consists of nealey? The doctor's voice falls upon mine ears as I write. My office is above his. Just

four arms suspended on a steel point resting now he is holding forth to his shop-boy.

on a cap, so that the arms are able to revolve Mr. Bronson Howard, who is mixing a great

horizontally upon their central pivot, just the deal in “society" here, is going to Berlin in

same, in fact, as the arms of an anemomea few weeks to see a German version of his

ter revolve. To the extremity of each arm "Saratoga.” Just now he is enjoying himself

of straw in the apparatus made by Mr. amazingly on our silver-flowing Thames. He

Crookes is fastened a thin disk of pith, white is a capital oarsman. The quiet beauty of our

on one side and black on the other, the black English scenery seems to have many charms

surface of all the disks facing the same way; for him. He has, by-the-way, more than one

the pith disks are each about the size of a new play in hand. Mr. Charles Gibbon, the author of "Robin

sixpence. The whole arrangement is inclosed Gray," has determined on altering the title of

in a glass globe, which is then exhausted to his forthcoming novel. It will not be called

the highest attainable point and hermetically “Ravelston,” but “What will the World

sealed. say?" The world will, I have no doubt, say

Now, in order to demonstrate the motive that the story is a very good one indeed.

power of light by aid of this apparatus, it WILL WILLIAMS.

was only needed that the globe, with the in

closed mimic windmill, be so placed that it Science, Invention, Discovery.

should receive direct rays either of sunlight or from some artificial source, when the fans

would at once be acted upon, resulting in IS LIGHT A MECHANICAL FORCE

their rapid revolution about the central pivot, TE only wish it were possible to so ap

continuing as long as the light remained. proach the subject now under review

Lest there should be a doubt as to whether as to impress upon our readers at the outset

it might not be heat-waves which, coming the true significance and value of the discov

from the same source as the light, were yet ery to which it relates. It appears almost

in truth the motors, a screen of alum was inincredible that, in spite of the untiring labors the discovery, and a description of the meth- troduced between the light and the globe, of mind, begun with the first dawn of humanods by which the truth is demonstrated, it is and by this means the light only was transintelligence, and continued with constantly because its possible results are so numberless mitted. Still the same result followed. Again, augmented activity through the ages, such a and far-reaching that to name them, even thinking that there might possibly be some truth as that now demonstrated should have without discussion, would carry us beyond electrical conditions about the pith which so long remained unrevealed, and that, with our allotted limits. From several recent incited it to action, these disks were reour knowledge of the so-called physical sources of information on this subject we moved, and those of thin platinum substiforces, and the laws which govern their ac- glean the following facts : In August of 1873 tuted, and, to cover the possible effects of tion, we should have until this late day re Mr. William Crookes read a brief paper be disengaged moisture in causing the motion, mained in ignorance regarding the true na fore the Royal Society, in which he just hint these metal disks were heated to redness, and ture of the familiar phenomenon of light. | ed at the possible results which might be the globe put in a perfect non-electrical conThat in many of its properties light is a force obtained through a course of experiments he dition. All these changes were made in obehas been clearly demonstrated, and, by the was then conducting. It was not, however, dience to objections raised by doubters, and aid of certain chemical agencies, it has until the month of May last that this ear- yet the little windmill, obedient to the repelbeen fully proved that the force exercised | nest worker came boldly forward and, by the lent force of the light-rays exercised agninst

[graphic]

We

.

be dark sides of the disk, moved the same as that time, however, we were not in possession | Columbus nor Vasco de Gama so challenges our Į before. We are informed that, with one of

of certain valuable information which is now admiration as this dauntless monkey, and the instruments, the arms revolved once in given to our readers. This information comes when, after daring the dangers of sea and ne hundred and eighty-two seconds, when a

to us in the form of a letter from Ensign Bus- land, he returned to his tribe, we may well addle - flame was placed at a distance of

bee of Admiral Worden's staff, in which the imagine how the choicest fruit was plucked in twenty inches ; when this distance was de ready exists beneath the strait, and is in conwriter ventures the theory that an opening al- honor of the voyager. As his comrades lis

tened to the story of his adventures, and heard creased to ten inches, the time occupied for

stant use as a highway between Europe and his recountal of the sights he had witnessed, se revolution was forty-five seconds; and at Africa. It is true that the frequenters of this many doubtless vowed to emulate his courage, fre inches the revolution was made in eleven route are only monkeys; but if monkeys, why until finally the passage came to be regarded seconds. By this it will be seen that the not men? Leaving it for the engineering as a simple matter, and all aristocratic monmotive force of light seems to obey the same commission to settle the fact of the tunnel, the keys came to pass the season on the rock, and lsr as that governing its intensity—that is, it story of the monkeys as told by our corre Gibraltar became the Saratoga of the apes. varies inversely as the square of the distance. spondent will be found sufficiently entertain “The plan to tunnel the English Channel It is the approach to exactness in these re

ing to merit a perusal, while the possible truth may eventually be carried out, and massive sults which affords the strongest proof of the ing it a place in the science column. The comof the tunnel theory seems to justify us in giv-arches, erected with line and plummet, may

support the water's weight; but when one justice of Mr. Crookes's conclusions, and it munication is as follows:

takes in Calais the cars for Dover, let him realso appears that in this instrument we have “Few places in Europe have been more member that this idea is not original. The 1 wer and exact method of making actino- thoroughly written up'than Gibraltar. Each monkeys as they cross and recross in their metrical measurements. While, as before transient visitor feels called upon to dilate in tunnel will have the keen satisfaction of suggested, we have no intention of reviewing glowing rhetoric upon its craggy cliffs,' its knowing that their Darwinian brothers are # greater length the possible effect of this

frowning batteries,' etc.; but, in the descrip- but copyists of them, and that theirs is the discovery upon established theories, astro

tions that I have seen, an important omission original submarine passage. Whether it was nomical and physical, yet there can be no

has struck me. Of course I refer to the mon not made with hands, or whether the mon

keys—for in Gibraltar alone, of all Spain, of keys made it before they descended into doubt that, when the new theory shall have

all Europe, can be found veritable wild mon man, matters not. Here these little fellows been sufficiently verified to justify its adop- keys.

will journey at their leisure until the waves tion, the result will be manifested in a mod “That this almost inaccessible rock should of the two seas may prove too strong, and ifeation of certain established opinions re be the only place in Europe in which these the earth, giving way over their thoroughfare, garding the character of centrifugal force, animals are found is singular, but the manner in shall separate them forever from their forefathe influence of light upon the celestial which they get there is much more wonderful.

thers' graves. rates, the true nature of comets' tails, etc.

“The doubter may hesitate to believe “Every one in Gibraltar is deeply interPresident Barnard, in an extended review of

what I am about to state, but let him that ested in the monkeys, and the fine for troubthis discovery, does not hesitate to affirm

hesitates keep away from Gibraltar; as for ling them is heavy. When one dies, the fact that " it may give rise to much more impor- Garden Battery than to hint a suspicion of myself, I had rather face the muzzles of the is noted in the record kept by the old ser

geant, and generally finds its way into the tunt discoveries perhaps than any contribu

er.

unbelief to the old sergeant at the Signal-Tow- | newspapers." tion to celestial mechanics since the law of

This sergeant is the legal guardian of pavitation was demonstrated by Newton.” the monkeys, and it is his duty to provide them THE introduction of electric indicators and And, so far as the inquiries have progressed, with food and drink when berries are scarce signals into our hotels and other buildings has we learn that "such eminent men as Pro- and rain infrequent. When he gives them at present been made of service only as indifessors Stokes and Huxley, Dr. Carpenter, drink he has to chain the saucers to trees, for cating the room from which the bell was rung. Ir. Norman Lockyer, and others, agree that the wretches used to amuse themselves, after This signal has to be answered by a waiter,

who is then often dispatched on some slight the demonstration was perfect.” At present, drinking, by shying the saucers around in a the chief opponent of the theory is Pro

very indiscriminate manner, some at the old errand, such as bringing water, calling a genfessor Osborne Reynolds, and, when the full

man, others far out into the sea, and added to eral messenger, etc. Recognizing the value

their enormities by laughing and chattering of some improvement which would enable the report of this gentleman's viows is received, at the very natural expletives of their bene- occupant of the room to indicate within a we shall again return to the discussion of the factor.

limited range the purpose of the signal, M. subject. Indeed, it may not be necessary to “These monkeys are seen in Gibraltar Detrayeux has devised the following plan, avait this protest, since, should the facts as only at certain intervals, and at intervals they which is favorably noticed in the Bulletin de they now stand be indorsed by other ob- disappear. They come from Africa, from Mo la Société Encouragement : Under each number servers, our readers may expect to become

rocco across the strait. There is a cave run of the indicator at the clerk's desk there is as familiar with the new theory as they are

ning down from the top of the rock, and un placed a board on which is a printed list of the

derneath the strait there must be a passage. bow with that of gravitation. Regarding the

more common requirements in hotels. Over possible effects of this discovery upon the

So strongly is this believed, that the nearest this list an index-needle is so adjusted that it

point in Africa, Apes' Hill, receives its name may move freely up or down, stopping before present views, a recent enthusiastic reviewer

from the circumstance. These monkeys are any name upon it. In the traveler's room is a closes the report of his observations as fol. in all respects like the little monkeys of corresponding list and index-finger in addilows: “It seems not impossible that our Northern Africa, and when they are scarce on tion to the common button now in use. The matbematicians, calculating from the small Apes' Hill, they abound on the Rock of Gib general operation of the device is as follows: surface of these disks the motive force of raltar; when there are none on the rock, they! The occupant of the room adjusts the indexsærlight, may soon tell us pretty accurately are much more numerous on the other side. needle so that it shall point to the desired obwhat is the aggregate power which the lumi- The cave has never been explored by man, ject, and then touches the electric button. The nous rays of the sun command, and nothing though several adventurous engineers and oth- signal is transmitted to the indicator, which, of this, by the law of forces, can be really

ers have lost their lives in the endeavor to de- being constructed with a view to these comscend it.

plications, rings a bell, at the same time causwasted. “Let there be light: and there was

“These animals could not come from ing the index-needle to move in accord with light,' seems to derive a new majesty of

Spain, for they would be obliged to cross the the one at the more distant end of the line. meaning from the discovery which shows us Neutral Ground,' a perfectly barren strip of The attention of the waiter or hall-boy is atthis subtile something, no mere undulation land, and certainly at some time traces of tracted by the bell, and he reads its purpose Bor ' mode of motion, but a living force as them would have been found : besides, if any from the list indicated by the needle, and, well as the illumination of all life. It does were in Spain, such inveterate sportsmen as having restored the latter to its place, proappear as if a marvelous expansion of knowl. the English officers, hunting constantly as ceeds to answer the request without further inedge is about to open as a result of these they do, would find them.

quiry. It is proposed to so adapt the needle delicate experiments.”

“One can imagine a young monkey of in the room that when the current is checked Africa, a nascent Kane or Livingstone, fired by the waiter below it will take its normal po

with enthusiasm, leaving home and friends sition automatically; thus the one ringing will Is a recent note on submarine tunnels, we with many a tearful remonstrance from his be informed that his request is about to be mnounced that been proposed to open a mother, resolving to explore the chasm in answered. All this may seem to involve tannel beneath the Straits of Gibraltar. At Apes' Hill, or to perishi in the effort. Not mechanism too complicated to be of service,

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