תמונות בעמוד

reasons, in the shape of dead bodies, for put- of all famous books in the world the Koran is As soon as I entered, she took off her spectating the questions, “Who is she?' and “How about the least edifying.

cles, wiped them with her checked apron, and much was it?" for their murders proceed Hardy, brave, mean, and wicked a people deposited them on the chair by her side, and usually from quarrels as to women, or land, as the Afghans are, they are great lovers of thus accosted me : “Muster Young, 'tis very or cattle. A good many of our officers on the poetry, and have produced not a little poetry handy your coming in just now, for I be sadly frontier have been assassinated, sometimes of a high order. They are very fond, at night, put about; and I ain't, to say, easy in my out of mere wantonness, and they have to go round their camp-fires, of reciting verses,

and mind at summut as I've been a-reading in this about armed or guarded.

these verses are usually of a melancholy kind, here Book. I've stumbled, I think, on one of It is the extraordinary union of virtues and relating to love, war, the unsatisfactoriness of the things as Peter says “is hard to be undervices which forms the most puzzling feature all earthly enjoyment, and the cruelty of fate. stood.'” She then pointed to the first chapin the Afghan character. To courage, strength, Captain Raverty has rendered a great service ter of St. James, and desired me to read aloud and the other better features of a wild, senti- in presenting us with an almost literal trans- for her the second verse, which had so disconmental mountain people, they unite vices which lation of the productions of the more famous certed her: “ Count it all joy when ye fall are usually attributed to the decrepitude of cor- Afghan poets; and these do not at all make into divers temptations." When I had comrupt civilizations and dying races, and though the Afghan charactor more intelligible. When plied with her request, she stuck her arms their fidelity is often able to overcome torture the women of a village ventured to come out akimbo, and, shaking her head skeptically and and death, it as often succumbs to the most to look at me, usually some man with a big defiantly, asked me " what I thought o' that? trivial and meanest temptations.

stick drove them away with heavy blows, and If there be meaning in them words, they mean I am inclined to believe that much of the remarks upon them which even a Rabelais as we are to be glad to fall into temptations ! badness of the Afghans is owing to the influ- would have hesitated to report; yet the Af- Perhaps there's summut more in the meaning ence of Mohammedanism. One might ex- ghans have romantic ideas of love, and are of that word 'temptations' than I know on. pect that so simple and intelligible a religion, fond of singing these beautiful lines.

Anyhow I can't make head or tail on't.” She holding the doctrine of the unity of God, and

then hung down her head and repeated to “Say not unto me, “Why swearest thou by me?' admitting Christ as one of its line of prophets,

If I swear not by thee, by whom shall I swear?

herself, in tones of dissatisfaction, almost of would be superior in its effects to polytheistic

indignation, the words,“ temp-ta-tions ! tempHindooism, and especially to Brahmanism, the "Thon, indeed, art the very light of mine eyes ; ta-tions! temp-ta-tions, indeed! What be acceptance of which after and in face of Buddh- This, by those black eyes of thine, I swear!

um, I'd like to know?I told her that the isin involved a moral suicide on the part of "In this world thou art my life and my soul, word had two meanings—one signifying " to the people of India. But certainly my knowl- And naught else besides ; unto thee, my life, I allure or entice;" the other, to try;" and edge of India does not support that conclu


that in the passage to which she had directed sion. Among a purely Semitic race like the “Thou art in truth the all-engrossing idea of my

my attention the word “temptation" meant Arabs, secluded among their deserts and at a


" trial.”

That St. James, in writing those certain stereotyped stage of thought, Mobam- Every hour, every moment, by my God, I swear ! words, was exhorting Christians “to be pamedanism may be good, and it undoubtedly

tient under trial;" and that though God could "The dust of thy feet is an ointment for the eyesappears to have exercised a beneficial influ

By this very dust beneath thy feet I swear!

not directly tempt his servants, yet that someence in its removal of ancient superstitions ;

times, as in the case of Job and St. Paul, he but in the larger sphere and greater complica

"My heart ever yearneth toward thee exceeding- permitted them to be tempted, that by the tion of modern life it becomes an evil influ


confirmation of their faith they might win the ence, from its essentially Pharisaical character

By this very yearning of mine unto thee I

more glory, and therefore have the greater

swear and its want of power to touch the human

cause for joy. In confirmation of my asserheart. I need not speak of Christianity or “When thou laughest, they are nothing in com- tion, that God could not himself directly of Buddhism, with their enthusiasm of love and


tempt, however he might be said to do so intheir doctrines of self-sacrifice: but even in

Both rubies and pearls—by thy laugh I swear!

directly, I pointed her notice to the thirteenth Brahinanism there are humanizing iufluences ; "Truly I am thy lover, and thine, thine only- verse of the same chapter, on which she fairand in the older Hindooism, as Dr. John Muir And this I, Kúshbal, by thy sweet face swear!" ly exploded, “What d'ye mean? My mother has so well shown by his metrical translations,

taught me to pray to God, ' Lead us not into the law of love finds an important place. It

temptation,' from the Lord's Prayer. The is not even the worst of Mohammedanism

The Rev. Julian Young's “Journal" con- Master himself tells us, “ Watch and pray, that that it is a system of external observances tains the subjoined good story of a polemical ye enter not into temptation;' and this here and mechanical devotion. Its central idea, as parishioner:

St. James, an excellent good man, I suppose, elaborated to-day, is that of the Creator und

tells us that we're to be uncommon glad if we Governor of the universe as a merciless ty- In one of my ministerial rounds at Fair- fall into temptations. Why are we to be rant, ruling after the caprice of a fathomless light, in Sussex, I visited Dame Pankhurst

warned against temptations, if, when they will, breaking the clay of humanity into two quite a character in her way: blutf, blunt, and come, they are to make us happy ? And pieces, throwing the one to the right, saying,

shrewd, and close on the verge of eighty. then, again, as to what you've been saying " These into heaven, and I care not;” and

She was seated at her tea-table, and, with out o' your own head-I mean that God can't the other to the left, saying, “ These into hell, 'knitted brows and a puzzled expression of tempt-if he can't tempt, what's the use of and I care not." Whenever God is thus re- face, was poring over her baize-covered Bible. praying to him not to tempt us?" garded as an arbitrary tyrant, instead of an all-loving Father whose dealings with his children transcend our knowledge but do not revolt our moral consciousness, religion, or rather that which takes its place, becomes a

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toms of these people are quite similar to ually reduced the numbers of the Ygorrotes rises Mount Ysaróg, presenting from the those of the Dyaks of Borneo. They are of Ysaróg, but it has also encouraged their east the appearance of a circular chain of probably the last of the race which main- hardy adherence to their ancient customs, and mountains rent asunder by a great ravine. tained itself against the superior arms and preserved their individuality as a people. In The bigher slopes bave been for ages the discipline of the Spaniards after all the sea- making the ascent of the Ysaróg, Mr. Jagor dwelling - place of a small race of people, coast and plain tribes had submitted. came in contact with several communities of whose independence and primitive customs In order to break down the opposition of this interesting race, by whom he was hosbave almost entirely separated them from the this wild tribe, the Spanish Government not on- pitably treated, in spite of the cause they had

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other inbabitants of the island. The inhabi- | ly forbade its subjects to trade with them, but to be jealous and distrustful of the white tants of the Ysaróg are ordinarily classified also sent armed expeditions to destroy their as Ygorrotes, alluded to in a previous paper. tobacco-fields. As the barbarians could not On the first day of the ascent he was met But they differ essentially; for the former understand why they should not cultivate on by the chief man of a village, who himself constitute an individual and peculiar race, their own fields a plant which had become a escorted him around, carefully removing the while the Ygorrotes proper are made up of necessity to them, they saw in the cuadrilleros, foot-lances which projected out of the ground any and all the Indians who have left the or native government troops, not the func- in all the forest-paths, dexterously concealed life of the pueblo and plain for that of the tionaries of a civilized state, but mere rob- by brushwood and leaves. In passing through mountain and forest. The manners and cus. bers and bandits. This persecution has grad. | the forest an Indian damsel was seen work

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ing at her primitive loom. The upper end, are distinguished by very unusual virtues as acts all over the islands. The governor conconsisting of a piece of bamboo, was fixed to a people. As they were not permitted to ducted the election in person, in the common two bars, and to the two notched ends of a have cocoa-palms for the preparation of wine, hall, the gobernadorcillos and constables, with small lath, which supplied the place of the brandy, and vinegar, so that they might not all those who had held the offices before them, weaving-beam, hooked on a wooden bow, in infringe the monopoly of the hacienda, they being seated near by, and acting as electors. which the back of the lath was fitted. Plac- made their visitor the bearer of a petition to Each one wrote three names, and the one reing her feet against two pegs in the ground, the Manila government, asking for the favor. ceiving the most votes was elected. The and bending her back, by means of the bow Their kindness to our traveler was well repaid, whole affair seemed to be conducted on the she stretched the material straight. A net- for his solicitations gained for them double principle of a close corporation, and every ting-needle, longer than the breadth of the what they requested in their quaint petition. precaution taken to keep the matter in the web, served instead of the weaver's shuttle. On his return route to Legaspi he shot hands of the few. A lath of wood, sharpened by a knife, repre- some specimens of a very curious and gigan- On Mr. Jagor's departure from Legaspi to sented the trestle, and after every stroke it tic bat, found only in these islands, the pa. the island of Sámar, in a small schooner was placed on the edge. Then the comb was nike. These monstrous creatures, each of which happened to be making the trip in pushed forward, a thread put through, struck whose wings covers nearly five feet when spite of the pirates, he lost his servant, Pepe, fast, etc. The material used was the fibre extended, hang asleep during the day from who had served him quite faithfully—that is, of the abáca and pineapple, the latter for the the branches of the trees, and frequently measured by the Philippine standard of faithmore costly fabrics.

their young are seen suckling them. When fulness, which is by no means a high one. The huts of the people were composed, as the mothers were first shot it was quite af. Pepe had just received bis eight months' usual, of bamboo and palm leaves, and most- fecting to see how the little animals chung wages in a lump, and, as he had become a ly surrounded with splendid fields of batata, more and more firmly to the bodies of their small capitalist, he wished to rest from his maize, caladium, and sugar-cane. parents. This pathetic delusion, however,

arduous labors for a while, and enjoy someOur author found his hill-friends quite like many in human nature, was soon dissi. thing of the dolce far niente to which he had musical. One lad played very well on a kind pated. For, when the store of milk was ex. lately been a stranger. None of the Philipof a lute, which realized the rude idea of the hausted, the old ones were deserted, like pine-Islanders could understand why any raharp or plectrum. Others played on jews' | empty bottles. Man, after all, has many tional human being should go wandering harps of bamboo, and one ingenious perform- points of resemblance to the lower order of about, enduring danger and privation, simply er had made a very creditable imitation of creation, and the Darwinian hypothesis would for the pleasure of travel and observation. a European guitar, on wbich he played with seem to get point from moral as well as phys. The deseripti given of the we hy Pepe is no little skill. The musicians were very proud | ical reasons.

so lively and graphic that it is worth quoting: to display their accomplishments before the The whole coast was found to be in a white stranger. Both men and women were state of consternation from the ravages of “Pepe was good - natured, very skillful, found to be quite as decently clad as the In- | Moorish corsairs, who had been carrying on

and always good-tempered. He had learned dian Christians, and to have quite as correct a wholesale pillage and kidnapping. The

much from the numerous Spanish soldiers

and sailors resident in Cavite, his native an idea of the proprieties of life. pirates had established a fortified position on

place, where he used to be playfully called The few products of a more advanced civ. several small islands convenient to the main

the Spaniard of Cavite.' Roving from one ilization which these simple people need they land, and from this coign of vantage pursued place to another was his delight; and he procure by the sale of the spontaneous prod. their operations with a reckless daring. Gov. quickly acquired acquaintances. He knew ucts of their forests, their tobacco (in other ernment vessels, or falucs, had been sent to

especially how to gain the favor of the ladies, parts of the Philippines a government mo- drive away the buccaneers, but the latter

for he possessed many social accomplish.

ments, being equally able to play the guitar nopoly), and their woven goods. Some of laughed them to scorn, as the assailants did

and to milk the buffalo-cows. When we came the head-men, indeed, are quite wealthy, and not know how to use their cannon, and, more- to a pueblo where a mestize, or even a daughable to live with all the comforts of civilized over, held the Moors in such dread as to take ter of the country' (creole), dwelt, he would, life, did they not prefer the primitive plain- | safety in flight at the slightest excuse. Be

when practicable, ask permission to milk a ness of their forefathers. Physicians, or tween the inefficiency of the Manila and dis

cow; and, after bringing the señora some of

the milk, under pretext of being the interpremagicians, persons supposed to have supe. trict authorities, the timidity of the govern- ter of my wishes, he would maintain such a rior powers, are unknown to them, a char. ment crews, who were almost entirely un. flow of ingeniously courteous conversation, acteristic of their barbarous state essentially skilled in the manipulation of arms, and the praising the beauty and graces of the lady, different from the reigning superstition which difficulty of pursuing the depredators through

and most modestly allowing his prodigious other similar races display. While they say the tortuous bayous and channels which make traveling adventures to be extracted from they believe in one God, even in Christ, and

him, that both knight and esquire beamed a net-work of many parts of the coast, the with brilliant radiance. A present was alhave some of the external practices of Chris- corsairs of Suli were having their own way. ways welcome, and brought us many a little tianity, they employ them rather as spells A year or two after our author's residence basket of oranges ; and buffalo-milk is excel. than defined religious ceremonies. The men in the Philippines, a fleet of light-draught lent with chocolate-but it seemed as if one are skilled hunters and agriculturists, do- steam - gunboats, which had been built in

seldom has the opportunity of milking a cow. ing all the hard work, and the women are

Unfortunately, Pepe did not like climbing England expressly for the service, succeeded

mountains, and, when he was to bave gone kindly treated. Indeed, Mr. Jagor's account not only in ridding the Philippines of these with me, he either got the belly-ache or gave of this wild tribe would seem to rank them fierce pests, but of “carrying the war into away my strong shoes, or allowed them to be high above the Christianized Indians of the Africa,” and inflicting a severe punishment stolen; the native ones, however, being al. cities and villages in all the genuine virtues on the Sultan of Suli by buruing down his

lowed to remain untouched, for he knew well

that they were fit only for riding, and derived of life. They are peaceful and honest, justice capital town, and driving bim into the inte

comfort from the fact. In company with me being rigorously administered on the princi- rior with a loss of most of his vessels and

he worked quickly and cheerfully; but, when ple of the lex talionis. For a child a child is treasures.

alone, it became tedious to him. Particularslain, a woman for a woman, a man for a Our traveler found the interior very diffi. ly he found friends who hivdered him, and man, the nearest kinsman performing the cult to traverse on account of the badness

then he would abandon his skinning of the part of avenger or executioner. The trouble of the roads, and the extreme fear on the birds, which therefore became putrid and bad is, that this retaliation again calls for a simi.

to be thrown away. Packing was still more part of the people in regard to the pirates, disagreeable to him, and consequently he did lar course, so the affair may become a regular who were ravaging on the coast and making it as quickly as possible, though not always matter of family feud, a sort of Corsican ven. inland incursions. Brief journeys and long with sufficient care : as, on one occasion, he detta, which only ends with the extermina. / stops were forced on him much to his annoy.

tied up, in one and the same bundle, shoes, tion of all the contending parties. The simi- ance. During one of his involuntary halts at

arsenic-soap, drawings, and chocolate. Notlar practice among the North American India | the capital of the province he had an oppor.

withstanding triling faults this kind, he

was very useful and agreeable to me, but he ans and several other races is well known. tunity of witnessing the election of the dis

would not willingly go to such an uncivilized In other respects the Ygorrotes of Ysaróg trict officials — a process typical of similar | place as Samar."

As his feet had become sore and inflamed, wonderful but involuntary voyages having sists of white limestone, like marble, but of no trifling ailment in a hot climate, most of been made before. The following extract quite modern date, which in many places our traveler's land-journeying was now for from Captain Salmon's “History of the Orien- forms precipitous cliffs. some time done by litter. A loose mat, very tal Islands," published in 1733, is a case in At one place they project into the sea in thick and pliable, is laid on a frame woven point:

a succession of picturesque rocks, above one with bamboo basket - work, the projecting

“Father Clan (Clain), in a letter from

hundred feet in height and rounded like a ends being borne on the shoulders of four ro

Manila, which has been incorporated in the dome. These are thickly covered with glowbust polistas. About every ten minutes the · Philosophical Transactions,' makes the folding vegetation, and, corroded at the base by bearers are changed, and, as a protection lowing statement respecting them : 'It hap- the waters of the sea, rise out of the waves against sun and rain, the frame is furnished

pened that when he was in the town of Gui.
vam, on the island of Sámar, he met twenty- phere of enchantment pervades the locality,

like gigantic mushrooms. A peculiar atmos. with a light roof of pandanus. Though by

nine Palaos (there had been thirty, but one no means a bad method of journeying when died soon after in Guíuan), or natives of cer

whose influence on the native mariner must the roads are difficult, the traveler was not tain recently - discovered islands, who had be all the more powerful when, escaping from sorry to reach the town of Loguelócun, on been driven thither by the east winds, which the billows outside and the buffeting of the the river of the same name, which flows south.

prevail from December to May. According northeast wind, he suddenly enters so tran. ward to the ocean in a succession of rapids.

to their own statement, they were driven

about by the winds for seventy days, without quil a refuge. It is no wonder that superHere the governor had provided two small getting sight of land, until they arrived op.

stition peopled these caverns with spirits. but well- nned boats, the crews of which posite to Guivam. When they sailed from Here the old Pintados (primitive inhabi. were accustomed to their work, and were their own country, their two boats were quite tants) interred their heroes and ancestors in alike hardy and skillful. Often they were

full, carrying thirty-five souls, including their well-locked coffins, surrounded by those ob. obliged to make portages, and sometimes, in wives and children ; but several had died mis

jects held in most regard during life. Often. erably on the way from the fatigue which spite of the alacrity and coolness of the voyathey had undergone. When some one from

times the dead were embalmed with aromatic geurs, the boats were nearly swamped. At | Guivam wished to go on board to them, they spices and wrapped up in costly cloths, while some of the more considerable water-falls the were thrown into such a state of terror that jewels were placed in their eyes, ears, and boats were let down over the chasm by means

all who were in one of the boats sprang over- mouths, and the implements of eating and of the liapas which hung from the magnifi.

board, along with their wives and children. | drinking left hard by. Slaves were also bound cent forest-trees, a boundless supply of strong

However, they at last thought it best to come
into the harbor ; so they came ashore on the

and immured alive at the funerals of great and flexible natural ropes manufactured ready 28th of December, 1696. They fed on cocoa

men, so that the departed chiefs could bave to the hand of man. nuts and roots, which were charitably sup

their servants with them in the other world. The last part of this boat-journey was of plied to them, but refused even to taste The numerous coffins, ornaments, arms, and great interest, the course of the river being cooked rice, which is the general food of the

trinkets in many cases had remained undisAsiatic nations. through white calcareous cliffs of a species

Two women, who had pre.

turbed for centuries, protected by religious of marble, clothed with superb vegetation, acted as interpreters for them. . . The people viously been cast away on the same islands,

terrors. No boat ever would pass without flowering trailers hanging down to the very of the country went half-naked, and the men the observance of special rites, derived from water's edge, and their blossoms waving like painted their bodies with spots and all kinds old heathen days, to propitiate the spirits, gorgeous butterflies over the foaming waves,

of devices. . . . As long as they were on the who were believed to have the power to inwhich glanced among the rocks with a swift, sea they lived on fish, which they caught in a

flict storm and shipwreck. certain kind of fish-basket, with a wide mouth arrowy rush, but tapering to a point at the bottom, which

About thirty years since a zealous young On this boat-journey opportunity offered was dragged along underneath the boats; and monk felt his soul burn with wrath at these of securing two live specimens of the macan. rain-water, when they could catch it (or, as heathen abominations, and he determined to co, or mago, an extremely rare and delicate is stated in the letter itself, preserved in the extirpate them by the very roots. animal, belonging to the class of semi-ape,

shells of the cocoa - nut), served them for equipped several boats with crosses, banand only found in the island of Sámar. These

drink. Whez they were about to be taken
into the presence of the fatber, whom, from

ners, pictures of the saints, and all the im. magos were very voracious, but disdained all

the great respect which was shown to him, proved machinery for driving out Satan, and vegetable food. They were even particular they took for the governor, they colored their led an expedition against the baunted rocks, in their choice of insects, the live grasshop- bodies entirely yellow, an operation which which were climbed to the sound of music per being the favorite bonne bouche of this they considered highly important, as enabling and prayer, and the loud report of fireworks. four-footed little epicure. It was extremely them to appear as persons of consideration.'

After boly water had been dashed by the ludicrous, when one was fed in the daytime, to It seems not improbable that there may bucketful into the cave, the young zealot see the animal standing perched on his two thin bave been inany such castaways in times rushed in with uplifted crucifix. Of course legs, waving his bare tail ominously, and turn. | past, and that the inhabitants of the Philip- this daring onslaught was rewarded with a ing his large head-round and smooth as a pines may have thus been much influenced brilliant victory. The coffins were broken to billiard-ball, with very large, yellow, owl-like by Polynesian contact, even as the people of fragments, and the mouldering bones hurled eyes-in every direction, looking like a dark- the Western islands clearly display the influ- into the sea. So the objects of superstition lantern on a pedestal, with a circular swivel. ences exerted on them by the Chinese and were annihilated, but the superstition surOnly gradually would he fix his eye on the Japanese. It would be in this way easy to vives to the present time. object presented, but when he did per- account for many of the peculiarities of the Our traveler tells us no legend could have ceive it he would immediately extend his Bisayans (inhabitants of Sámar and Léyte), supplied an enchanted royal sepulchre with a little arms sideways, as though somewhat 80 distinct from those of the Tagals and Bi- more suitable approach than one of these bashful; theu, like a delighted child, would cols.

caverns. The rock rises out of the sea with suddenly seize it with band and mouth at once, and deliberately tear the prey to pieces. | be extremely beautiful. Specially was this one spot is to be observed a natural open. During the day the mago proved sleepy, short- the case in the small strait dividing the two ing made by the water, hardly two feet above sighted, and morose, but at night was agile, islands. On the west were steep banks of the surface. Through this low archway the active, and good-natured in the extreme. They tufa, which would tolerate no mangroves on boat glided into a spacious circular court, became quite tame and affectionate, but did their borders. Here the lofty, primeval for. overarched by the sky, the floor covered by not live long enough to enable their master est approaches in all its sublimity close to the sea and adorned with a rich garden of to take them to Europe on his return, where the shore, interrupted by groves of cocoa corals. By the steep sides, thickly hung they would have been great rarities.

only here and there, in whose sharply-defined with lianas, ferns, and orchids, one easil.y Mr. Jagor, while traveling on the coast, shadows are to be found solitary huts. The climbs up to the cavern sixty feet above the met several Polynesians, wh had been cast steep hills facing the sea, and numerous er. away on the island, having come from the small, rocky islands, are crowned with little One of the principal towns on the island, Micronesian group, nearly a thousand miles castles of coral blocks. At the eastern end Basey, is celebrated for the superior endowaway. There were many traditions of such of the strait the south coast of Sámar con. ments and laziness of its inhabitants. The


| Many parts of the Sámar coast proved to perpendicular sides of marble, and only in

It is sup

cura, or pastor, received our author with size, both parties seeming to view each other monotonous key. They have not preserved great hospitality, and gave him much aid in with great indifference. It was quite strik- any memorials of former civilization, and enlarging his collection in natural history. ing to see the fearlessness with which little their pagan forefathers built no temples, each The natives of Basey practised a peculiar girls waded out into the water within a few one performing religious rites in his own method of capturing crocodiles, which indi. feet of the monsters. Fortunately the latter house. It was only on certain occasions that

were amply supplied with their rations of the old Bisayans celebrated the grand festival fish, of which the lake contained a vast called Pandat, and worshiped in huts (exquantity.

pressly built to accommodate the idols), cov. In the environs of Basey the Ignatius ered with foliage, and adorned with flowers bcan grows in large quantities, though not and lamps. Among their .gods they numfound elsewhere. Its field of propagation is bered their fathers and grandfathers, whose very limited, and efforts to raise it from the images were kept in the house, like the lares seed seem to have been not very successful. and penates of the old Romans. In these seeds is found strychnine. It is One of the main drawbacks to the prosused in many households of the Philippines perity of the Philippines has been the tobacas a remedy, and is highly prized by the pa- co monopoly on the part of the government, tives for its effects, which are quite exhila- which has made the cultivation, manipularating when properly and prudently governed. tion, and sale of the plant the object of most The bean is generally believed by the more jealous precaution. ignorant and superstitious natives to possess The Manila cigars are of fine quality and magical qualities, many of them wearing it favor, and wealthy merchants throughout the as an amulet around the neck.

Oriental ports, to whom price is no object, posed to protect the owner against poison, prefer them to the best Havana brands. In contagion, and philters, so that indeed the Europe, however, the Manila cigars are steaddevil in propria persona could not hurt the ily losing their reputation, owing to the unwearer. Superstition has ascribed all kinds certain crop, the system of compulsory laof miracles to the Ignatius bean, in spite of bor, and the peculiar restrictions laid on the the protestation and argument of the worthy growth and manufacture. The manufacture fathers, who wish to have a monopoly of the of sugar, hemp, and palm-oil, all of which miracle-making business for themselves. might be made important articles of export,

The inbabitants of the islands of Sámar also languish under the hide-bound system and Léyte are Bisayans, a race different in of Spanish colonial policy. many respects from the Tagals and Bicols Mr. Jagor, who observes in his extensive

of the island of Luzon, and much inferior to journey through the islands with the eye of a CUADRILLERO.

the latter both in physique and character. trained and impartial traveler, sees in this

Some of their customs are quite singular richly-favored group a magnificent future, An Armed Escort fully equipped (Hat, Shirt,

and worthy of a few brief notes. There being but finds little hope for the full development Drawers, and Weapons).

no markets, the buyer is obliged to seek his of their resources except in the influence ex

wares in the different houses, and in like erted the United States in its trade-relacated no little ingenuity. This contrivance manner the seller offers his goods. An In- tions with Eastern Asia. Directly in the consists of a light raft of bamboo with a dian seeking to borrow money has to give stage, on which, several feet above the water, ample security and pay heavy interest. He is placed a dog or a cat securely fastened. rarely is permitted to borrow more than five Alongside the animal is set a strong, sharp dollars at a time, for which sum he can be iron hook, secured to the swimming bamboo legally imprisoned in default of payment. by means of the fibres of the abáca. The If the debtor fails, he frequently parts with crocodile, when it has swallowed the bait and one of his children, who serves the lender for the hook, endeavors in vain to break away, his bare food, till the debt is extinguished. for the pliability of the raft prevents its Our author met a young man who had so being torn to pieces, and the peculiar elas- served for five years in liquidation of a debt ticity of the bundle of fibres causes it to be of his father; in another case a pretty very difficult to bite through it. So the raft young girl who had loaned herself for nearly serves as a buoy for the captured animal. the same time to settle a debt of three dol

The crocodile-hunters told Mr. Jagor that lars. It was no uncommon thing for a native the largest of the great reptiles, who were to borrow two and a half dollars to purchase sometimes, it was said, forty feet in length, his exemption from the forty days of annual lived far away from all human habitations, service, and then to work a whole year in the generally selecting oozy swamps, overgrown service of the creditor to expunge the debt. with thick vegetation. Their bellies dragging The principle of serving to get possesalong leave infallible trails for the eyes of sion of a wife is quite general in this secthe initiated. The parties sent out failed to tion of the Philippines. The suitor has to obtain one of the largest size, whose skel. labor in the house of the bride's parents eton the traveler was anxious to secure and for two, three, even five years, before he can take back to Europe, the old patriarchs being take his bride home, and even money cannot exceedingly wary and cunning, and not to be buy exemption from this onerous duty. He seduced from their haunts by any trivial de- not only labors, but is obliged to furnish vice. all his own food except the rice. The girls

A BISAYAN INDIAN WOMAN. Shortly afterward, in the neighboring isl- are kept under very rigid control by parental and of Leyte, however, a lake was visited authority, in order to increase the time of the which gratified the naturalist's cravings with- lover's servitude as much as possible.

track of this trade, the Philippines cannot out difficulty. Here the fishermen on their of ancient traditions, legends, or ballads, fail to profit largely by it, and ultimately the loosely-bound rafts of bamboo, sinking half a there are next to none among this race. They governmental policy will be forced to square foot deep in the water, moved about among have songs at their dances, but mostly spirit itself with the more liberal notions of the an incredible number of saurians of huge less improvisations, and pitched to a high, | age.

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