« הקודםהמשך »
moved by sympathy for fellow-beings, can ble distrust of the accuracy of all the mar- the marvelous has filed before the spirit of never be insensible to an art that appeals to velous stories in regard to what are called incredulity. For this reason the reader may their natural tastes and sentiments. All, spiritualism and clairvoyance now so numer- derive entertainment from the strange narratherefore, that is open and true in painting We are aware how well many of these tives in Mr. Fairfield's paper, but it would be can be appreciated by the average mind. But narratives are supported by the testimony of wise for him to keep his faith in them in rethis average taste does not know all the tech. intelligent people, but it has also been shown serve, simply classifying them among the unnical deficiencies or the technical excellences bow often really capable persons have been explained. of a picture. It may not be able to judge deceived. The remarkable fact is, that these fully of its composition, of its treatment marvels fall for the most part solely within A NOTEWORTHY social change has been of parts, of its tone, of a hundred things the experience of believers, and disappear taking place in England within the past quarthat the expert can point out and descant when confronted with downright skepticism. ter of a century. It is illustrated in one way upon. But this is common to every art, to Mr. Lecky, in his “ History of Rationalism," in the region of art. Formerly the patronage every handicraft even. It is not to be as. tells us that the phenomena of witchcraft of art, not only of painting and sculpture, sumed that men cannot tell good pictures continued just so long as a wide-spraedd faith but of all ornamental and antique objects, was from bad, or are wholly insensible to excel- in them existed, and ceased when a grreral pretty much confined to the nobility, and lence in the arts, because they are not learned skepticism of their truth began to take pos- the indefinite class just below the nobility in its academic laws. A man may be a very session of the popular mind. He asserts that sweepingly designated in England as “gentle. fair judge of a poem without knowing any the phenomena never were and have not men.” The class of merchants, manufacturthing about the rules of versification ; he been to this day disproved ; that all the evi- ers, bankers, men of trade, while rivaling the may have a sound opinion of a drama or a dence goes to support their authenticity; aristocracy in wealth, did not compete with melody, without special training in musical that the people eventually ceased to believe them to any great degree in the æsthetic elecomposition or in the art of the playwright in them not because any facts were elicited gancies, though no doubt they did in the maIt would seem as if the critics were continu. or any revelation made calculated to throw terial luxuries of life. The great manufactally exacting from the public, in regard to doubt upon them, but simply because a dis. urer of Birmingham or Bolton aspired to bepainting, an erudition which no other art belief, based not on evidence but on ration- come a landed proprietor, and was quick to requires; and because these critics become alistic reasoning, gradually took possession purchase the boary castles and vast acres of enamored of one man's erratic performances, of the public mind. It would be well if some bankrupt lords; he was fain, too, to have another man's eccentric vagaries, in which philosopher, prompted by the current mys- his imposing mansion in town, bis stud of there is probably often more or less of genu. teries, should make a searching study of the horses, and his game-preserves. But as yet ine talent turned awry into crooked paths- | natural credulity of man of the deeply he rather spent money on downright, palpa. because the public does not possess this arti- | grounded tendency of many people to rest ble luxuries; the refinement of artistic rari. ficial taste for strangely.flavored dishes, it is upon and believe in the marvelous. These ty and ornamentation did not appeal to his assumed that it has no ability to understand persons believe in the mysterious because uncultivated ambition. In these days it is art at all. Amateurs and connoisseurs are
the wbole tenor of their mental organization evident that the rich men of trade have prone in every art to exalt technical skill
is in that direction. They either do not learned the value of such things. There is a above the soul or the sentiment of the per- know how to investigate phenomena or are rage in England for antique articles. Old formance-to find their pleasure in the skill indisposed to do so. They like to believe. plate, old clocks, finely-carved old furniture, with which difficulties are overcome rather | They have no sympathy with doubters. They venerable salvers, beakers, and punch-bowls, than in the success of the essential story, are thrilled and captivated by every thing of historic Sèvres, relics of the elegance of exwith which alone the average taste is con- a mystic character, and eagerly surrender tinct royalty, are eagerly sought for, and cerned. True art is catholic. It deals with their whole natures to its influence. People bring great prices. It is found that in the large, open truths; it has no mysteries, nor of this tendency of mind are simply incapa- competition both for antique articles of vagaries, nor dillettant notions, nor petty ble of analyzing phenomena like those of vertu, for the most fashionable paintings, and scholacisms, nor pedantic exclusiveness; its spiritualism. No man of a thorougbly skep- the most conspicuous sculptural works, the function is to reach and charm the great tical mind, we may be assured, would have class of manufacturers and merchants is heart of humanity either by some form of been deceived by the recent Katie King eager, and often bears away the choicest beauty or story of human passion; and hence
frauds. He might have been unable to detect specimens. The houses of this class are behow preposterous it is to assume that this the trick, but his inability to discover the ginning to be as tastefully and artistically, great force is something incomprehensible to cause of the manifestations would never for as well as luxuriously, adorned as are the all save those who have studied pigments and a moment have led him into the tremendous houses of the Grosvenors and Egertons of old measured proportions !
blunder of accepting them for what they were descent. There is a decadence of the some
alleged to be. His rationalism would have what vulgar ostentation of former days; the In the article entitled “The Strangest asserted the impossibility of their truth, re- presence of far more refinement and culture. Things in Life," printed in this week's / gardless of all the plausible circumstances Thus there has been a leveling up in matters JOURNAL, Mr. Fairfield makes a few fresh under which they were exhibited. The skep- of taste; and herein may be found one of contributions to the literature of the myste | tical person disbelieves in despite of what the reasons why art in England is so much rious. The remarkable statements in this he sees, because he feels assured that some- more prosperous and flourishing than it was paper are not given in support of the doc- where, by some means, there is to be found an even in the days of Turner and Sir Thomas trine of spiritualism. It is probably known adequate explanation of the marvel before Lawrence, since the wealth of another great that Mr. Fairfield has recently advanced a bim; the unskeptical person believes in de. and important class is now seeking its prodtheory in explanation of the alleged phenom-spite of his reason, or rather seduces his reaena of spiritualism. This publication bas son from its path by the force of his imaginanaturally brought to his hands a good many tion, and believes because he is quite willing What worn college graduate, world-tired, curious statements from persons interested in to accept the most superficial testimony as does not feel something of the old, fresh, the study of the subject, and these narratives trustworthy. In all ages and with all people youthful spirit come over him, when remindare given to the public in the present paper. the marvelous has abounded when the spirited that" commencement season
has come ? For our part, we must confess to considera of credulity has prevailed ; and at all times | How vividly the festival brings to the mind
of the alumnus, even of ten or twelve years, Notining could more clearly illustrate the ex- sketches of character surnish very amusing bor far away he has strayed from the sensa- ceeding ignorance which prevails in some reading; our criticism is directed simply to tions, influences, ay, and the ambitions of parts of rural France than this incident. the fact that he has greatly injured by his bis college-days! It is given to very few to We once heard of an American being arrest
manner of executing it a plan wbich, in its shape their own destinies; yet most college ed in Brittany by a too-zealous official
, who originul conception, was admirable. seniors, when they have put aside their last
One other point, and we will have done refused to believe he was an American, sim
with fault-finding. Mr. Gardner's main dogexamination-paper, and made their last "ora- ply on the ground that he was white; the of
ma, if we may apply such a term to teaching tion," have already laid out a scheme of life, ficial was very positive that all Americans
which is singularly free from dogmatism, is and it never occurs to them to doubt that it were negroes. The ability to read English is that a house is designed primarily for use, is the reflection of a certain future. It is a quite unknown science in many of those and that every bouse, therefore, should, in its often said that a college is "a little world in parts, nor could any thing less than a peremp- arrangement, size, finish, etc., represent the iself;” and truly enough it has resem- tory order from the prefect secure our unfor. needs of the particular person or family for blances to the greater world, such as its tunate countryman's release,
whom it is built. The one customer that he struggles, its ambitions, its gains and losses,
cannot endure is the person whose notions
of what he wants are based on an ideal conand its schooling to manliness and self-de
ception of beauty, on what is "stylish,” or pendence and self-assertion not a little severe
on what somebody else has. In season and and stringent. Yet many a student has been
out of season be urges the principle that a deluded to ruin, or at least to failure, by too R. E. C. GARDNER'S very decided
house should be the expression of individual completely mistaking the college-world for a literary talent, though it renders his
wants and individual tastes. Now, this is lesser counterpart and epitome of that where- books entertaining, and sugars the pill of
wholesome doctrine, doubtless, but it is instruction which it is his main object to is lies his life-work; nor are the effects of such
somewhat odd that Mr. Gardner should be a delusion always the same or similar. One, his work.' It constantly leads him off into administer, is not altogether an advantage to
so evidently disposed to limit its application iashed with the ready triumphs of the soci.
to details of interior arrangement. He is so digressions which are often the merest vagaety and the classroom, flattered by conceded
afraid that the primary idea of use will be .ries, having the slightest possible relevance to leadership, exalted by praises of professors the subject under discussion; it incessantly persistently discourages all discussion of the
subordinated to a desire for show, that he and college-mates, rates bis future success at distracts his own and the reader's attention
exterior appearance of the house, and finally too low a standard of effort; he thinks he from the matter properly before them; and
says, plumply, that if a man“ is wise he will will win as easily at the bar or in commercial the somewhat truculent vivacity, which is its
leave questions of outside effect to the archipursuits as in class-meeting and on the exhi- chief characteristic, becomes a trifle tedious
tect.” No dcubt it would be better for the bition platform; and, when he gets into the when indulged too liberally. His latest book,
average man, when he comes to build, if he dosnright, serious hurly-burly, is amazed, and “ Illustrated Homes," * is an example of all
should simply show a competent architect his inconceivably disappointed to find greater much that is really instructive and useful; and the extent of his means, and leave all this. Its plan is excellent, and it contains
plot of ground, tell him the size of his family powers rising hopelessly above him. Anoth
but it has been almost spoiled by the exer, working till brain is overtaxed, and ill
questions, both of outside effect and of inside tent to which the literary feature of the work health is invited, in order to achieve college is permitted to dominate and overshadow
arrangement, to the architect's own jndg
ment. But, if he is to be taught that it is siccess, goes forth to plunge desperately every thing else. Mr. Gardner's intention, scarcely less than degrading to leave the into exhausting labors, plodding with shaken as explained in a sort of prefatory post. number, size, and arrangement of the rooms dertes far into the nights, comfortlessly and script, was to take a dozen or more actual
to any one else, even an architect, why is his oxiously seeking fortune, and preying ruth. houses which he had helped to build, each
obligation to consult bis individual preferlessly upon the faculties which alone can renone typical of a certain class or condition,
ences not coextensive with the house itself, der fortune enjoyable when attained. Few and by giving the plans and a brief account
in all its parts? In point of fact, a house is of each one, and using it as the text of such and wise are those who learn to advance with
not built merely for use. Its outside, espearchitectural discussion as seemed appro- cially, is more conspicuous and more looked deliberation, and vigor, and patience úpon priate, to make the book helpful to all who the path of life; eschewing neither lusty la.
at than any thing in its owner's possession, propose to build themselves homes. The
and if it be known that it was built for or bor por manly recreation, each in its proper plans were to be accompanied with specifi
under direction of the owner, it is inevi. time and place; remembering that “every cations and estimates, general certainly, but
tably regarded as a more or less accurate exthing comes in time to him who waits.” One sufficiently minute to indicate the finish and
pression of his ideas of architectural beauty; cannot but envy the cheery spirit of those approximate cost of each house. The bring.
his taste is judged by it. Moreover, Mr. youths who are having their last college mering in of the people for whom the houses
Gardner's own plans show that by slight tymakings in these lovely summer months; were built was, of course, a subordinate part
changes and transpositions, which do not afthat spirit is an excellent commodity to begin mately in order to give reality and, so to say, of the plan, and could only be done legiti.
fect in the remotest degree the convenience of the world with.
the inner arrangements, the whole appearance individuality to the different homes ; yet,
of the exterior can be changed, and that renfrom the very beginning, these people (about dered picturesque and pleasing which otherTHE woes of travelers on the Continent whom the reader cares nothing) receive more
wise would have been utterly without expres. are not all imaginary, as an English party attention than the houses (about which the
sion. We think, indeed, that it would be very can testify who were recently arrested as reader probably cares a great deal); while
easy to maintain the exact converse of Mr. Prussian spies," far down in the depths of toward the latter part of the book the plans
Gardner's proposition, and to give plausible Brittany. The mayor of the village demand. are relegated to an entirely insignificant
reasons why a man should select the general place, and specifications and estimates are ed their passports; and, on being told that
style and effects which he desired in his house, entirely omitted. No mention is made even passports were long ago abolished, doggedly of the material of which several of the most
and (with certain reservations, of course, as refused to believe it, and had them taken off attractive houses were built or of their cost
to number and size of rooms) leave the de
tails of the interior entirely to his architect. in a cart to the capital of the department. the very points which, to us at least, seem
With these qualifications, Illustrated The wonder is that this worthy mayor, who, of most importance. Now, Mr. Gardner is a
Homes" can be heartily recommended. It by-the-way, wore a blue blouse, and was keen observer and a humorist withal, and his
inculcates sound principles of architecture fresh from the field, had ever heard of Prus.
* Illustrated Homes: A Series of Papers de.
and taste; proves, by examples, that pictusiap spies, such personages being much more scribing Real Houses and Real People. By E. C.
resque, convenient, and durable houses can be modern than the abolition of passports. Gardner. Boston:J. R. Osgood & Co.
built with very moderate sums of money, and
that cheapness and ugliness do not necessari. manded when the two were present on the except as a thread to hang the didactic porly go hand in hand; and points out with great same field. The question has always seemed tions on; and no one of the characters has distinctness the difference between a "house" to us of the slightest importance, since it was more than the faintest shadow of personality. and a “home.” There are very few Ameri- the fighting of the men and not the general. It is the descriptive parts, together with the cans who would not build more intelligently ship of the leaders that rendered the battle lyrics with which the varrative is frequently after giving it a perusal.
famous; and, as General Sherman said in his interspersed, that redeem the work, and ren.
speech at the centennial, “after Prescott has der it enjoyable to the reader. Miss Larcom The interest in the Bunker Hill centennial received all the glory, there is enough lest has written no poems more graceful, tender, finds appropriate expression in literature as for General Putnam, too."
and finished, than three or four of those scatwell as in orations, pageants, fireworks, and
tered through the present volume, and her en. the like, and we find several pamphlets bear- It is difficult to find a term exactly de- thusiasm for natural scenery, and her skill in ing upon the famous event on our table. Osa scriptive of Miss Lucy Larcoin's “Idyl of painting it, throw a genuine charm around good's “ Bunker Hill Memorial" is the best Work” (Boston: J. R. Osgood & Co.). To the entire episode of the summer-vacation. of these. Its leading feature is a poem of call it a "novel in verse" would be more ac- The following song of the mill-children at thirty-seven stanzas, by Dr. Oliver Wendell curate than its present title, and a “tract in their play would compensate the reader for Holmes, “written expressly for this memo- verse ” would be truer still; but it is too whole pages of duller didactic poetry than rial,” and giving a grandmother's story of the slight for a novel, even though its lack of Miss Larcom inflicts upon us in ber most sebattle as she saw it from the belfry. The plot and incident is disguised under the
rious mood : poem is written in the swinging rhythm of forms of poetry, and it is too good (or per
“ Will the fairy-folk come back, the old ballad measure, is spirited and vigor. haps we should say not “goody" enough) for
Such as haunt old stories, ous, and illustrates very forcibly the patriotic a tract. An idyl of work it certainly is not,
Sliding down the moonbeam's track enthusiasm of the colonists, which was shared for, with a most idealistic definition of work,
Hid in morning-glories !
Air ie warp, and sun is weit; even by the women and children, and the i Miss Larcom finds herself compelled, in order
Is a rainbow-spinner lest ? trepidation of the citizens who, for the first to secure even the semblance of the idyllic, time, looked upon the bloody scenes of war. to ignore entirely the routine of daily labor,
“ No; not one. They never will!
Streams they loved a re busy The poem is accompanied throughout with and carry her characters off to scenes and
Turning spindles in the mill ; marginal illustrations, and is followed by an circumstances about as foreign to the expe
Turning mill-folk dizzy. account of the battle in prose, by James M. rience of factory-girls as a jaunt up the Nile
Toil is warp, and money weft ; Bugbee. This latter is also illustrated, and would be to laborers in a coal-mine. Thirty
Not a fairy-loom is left. is the best brief narrative of the battle with years ago the work in the Lowell mills was ** Noise has frightened them away which we are acquainted. done almost entirely by young girls from va.'
From their greenwood places ;
Never would they spend a day Another and rather curious memorial is rious parts of New England, many of whom
Among care-worn faces. “Bunker Hill: The Story told in Letters from had comfortable homes, yet chose this method
Gather up the warp and weft: the Battle-field by British Officers engaged; of winning for themselves a degree of pecu.
See if any thing is left! with an Introduction and Sketch of the Bat- niary independence; and it is no wonder that
"Merry days go dancing by ; tle by Samuel Adams Drake" (Boston: Nich. Miss Larcom, recalling the memory of those
Hard work comes, and tarries. ols & Hall). The materials of which the days when magazines, of some literary merit,
Why, for that, wind sigh throngh sigh?
Children, we'll be fairies ! book is composed have, as Mr. Drake ex- in which she herself made her first attempts
Life is warp, and love is weft; plains, “ hitherto slumbered in the archives at authorship, were both written and edited
Children's hearts and hands are left." of British regiments engaged on the field of by the mill-girls, should throw over them the Bunker Hill," having escaped heretofore the glamour of romance, and fancy that she sees
In justification of what we have said in research of historians of the battle. Inas- in them ideal conditions of work. But all
praise of the descriptive poetry, we quote much as the British officers, without excep- the same, as she confesses in her preface, the
the following sonnet : tion, claim a brilliant victory over routine of such a life is essentially prosaic; provincials,” their letters are hardly calcu. and, though workers may find idyllic expe- The pioneer of a great company lated to add to the enthusiasm of centennial riences during a summer-vacation among the That wait behind him, gazing toward the time, but the patriotic fire of Mr. Drake's mountains, work itself catches nothing of
Mighty ones all, down to the nameless leastdescription of the battle readjusts the bal- poetry therefrom.
Though after bim none dares to press, where he ance, and enables us to accept them with It is plain, however, that the book was With bent head listens to the minstrelsy good grace as additional materials for the written with the object of proving by illus- Of far waves chanting to the moon, the historian. The volume is embellished with a tration that even the most exhaustive and
What phantom rises up from winds deceased : heliotype reproduction of a very rare English monotonous labor cannot of itself deprive
What whiteness of the unapproachable sea ? print, published in London in 1781, and giv. one of all opportunity for high mental culture Hoary Chocorua guards his mystery well: ing a spirited view of the actual battle.The and noble living, and also to protest against He pushes back his fellows, lest they hear description of the battle to be found in Mr. the tendency of the change which has come
The haunting secret he apart must tell
To his lone self, in the sky-silence clear. Frothingham's “ History of the Siege of over the conditions and character of mill.
A shadowy, cloud-cloaked wraith, with shoulders Boston” (Little, Brown & Co.) remains the labor since the period indicated. The in
bowed, most complete yet written.
creasing degradation of certain forms of la- He steals, conspicuous, from the mountainAfter the preceding was written, we re
crowd." bor, the rapidly-widening rift between the ceived another contribution to the literature interests of employer and employed, fill her of the subject, by Mr. Drake, “General Israel with alarm, and she sees in them forerunners If we may venture such a suggestion conPutnam, the Commander at Bunker Hill.” of national decay:
cerning one who is possessed of so genuine a This is not a biography of General Putnam,
* Like the sea
literary faculty, we should say that Mr. Hjal. as its title would seem to imply, but a con.
Must the work-populations ebb and flow, mar Hjorth Boyesen's new story, "A Norse.
So only fresh with healthful New World life. troversial pamphlet on the quæstio vezata as
man's Pilgrimage" (New York: Sheldon &
If high rewards no longer stimulate toil, to who commanded in chief at Bunker Hill.
And mill-folk settle to a stagnant class,
Co.), was written mainly to prove how thorIt is an able and exhaustive analysis of all As in old civilizations, then farewell
oughly Americanized the author has become, the known facts bearing upon the matter,
To the Republic's hope! What differ we
and how completely he has mastered the de
From other feudalisms? Like ocean-waves, and Mr. Drake evidently convinces himself
tails of American habits and cbaracter. The
Work-populations change. No rich, no poor, fully; but of actual evidence there is very No learned, and no ignorant class or caste
hero of the story is a Norseman, it is true, ttle, and the argument is scarcely more than The true public tolerates; interîused,
but a Norseman so Americanized that he an elaboration of the proposition that, be
Like the sea's salt, the life of each through all."
feels like a stranger when he returns to his cause Putnam was a general and Prescott Of course the story in such a book is en- own people. The heroine is evidently inonly a colonel, the former must have com- tirely subordinate, being of no use, in fact, tended to be a typical American woman; and,
wgezh the scene is laid chiefly in Germany York: D. Appleton & Co.). The character not merely the gratification of a taste for an. and Norway, most of the leading characters and the merits of this annual are too well tiquities," says Mr. William Culleu Bryant, to are Americans. Last, but not least, if we understood to call for any extended notice, whom the book is dedicated, and who writes Lave correctly divined the author's purpose, and it is enough, perbaps, to say that the a brief introductory note," that is consulted the conversation partakes largely of that present volume presents the usual features in this work; it is scarcely less than an act pieturesque rigor, not to call it slang, which and rather more than the usual amount of of filial piety to preserve in this manner as is supposed to be characteristic of our na. information, covering all the important events much as we may of the early aspect of a total dialect; and it is only fair to say that of the year 1874, and the additions which spot inhabited by those who bave left us the Nr. Boyesen bas mastered this dialect per- were made during the same period to the va- inheritance of this fair town, so nobly situfecus, using certain local peculiarities of rious departments of knowledge. The larger ated and prepared for our abode, together spach with the dexterity and precision of a portion of the space, of course, is assigned with the inestimable legacy of our public lib. satire.
to American affairs and American interests, erties and the many useful institutions organ. Viewing the book from this point, and and besides the President's messages, de- ized for the general benefit.” Mrs. Greato. keeping in mind the fact that the author is bates in Congress, and sundry public docu- rex has been occupied for the greater part Dex only writing in a foreign tongue, but ments, the reader will find here a succinct of six years in the preparation of her draw dealing with phases of character the very an- but comprehensive account of the exciting ings, and so rapid and so ruthless is the adtipodes of what he was familiar with in his events which occurred in the Southern vance of “modern improvement," that many own country, it may be pronounced a decided States during the year. " The details of of the originals from which they were taken success. Compare Ruth with Eva in Mr. affairs in the United States," to quote from have already disappeared, rendering it cerHowells's “ A Foregone Conclusion," and her the Preface, embrace the finances of the tain that no later memento will ever be sedebciency in those finer distinctive traits Federal Government; the operation and re- cured. which typisy American womanhood at its best sults of its system of revenue and taxation; Mrs. Greatorex is already favorably i apparent; but nevertheless she is a very the banking system; the financial and in- known as an etcher by her Colorado sketches. pleasing person, and American women at least dustrial experience of the country; its com- The pictures in “Old New York" are of a will overlook all the minor defects of an au- merce, manufactures, and general prosper- similar character; they are marked by a free thor who writes of one of them with an en- ity; the finances of the States; their debts and touchy style rather better calculated to thusiasm like the following:
and resources; the various political conven- please the art-student than the general pub ** By some chance Thora Haraldson (a Nor
tions assembled during the year-with their lic, perhaps, but a certain picturesqe effect wegian girl between whom and Olat a mar- nominations and platforms; the results of is secured which will give them a great rage had long been projected by their respec- elections; the movements to secure cheap charm to many persons. The subjects of the tite families) had come to occupy the seat next transportation from West to East; the action drawings are, “The Battery from No. 1 Bath in the stern of one of the boats. Olaf
of Congress on the subject, and the debates Broadway,” containing a view of Castle Gar*at upon a cross-bench opposite, dividing his and action on civil rights and national den through the trees, and of the barbor beattention between the landscape and the com
finances, specie payments, and other impor- yond; “The Carey-Ludlow House," as seen aos. As his eyes fell upon the fair group batore him, the picturesque contrast between
tant public questions; the proceedings of from the Battery; “No. 1 Broadway," a fathe two struck his artistic fancy, and present
State Legislatures; the progress of educa- mous old house, now the oldest in New s je found himself critically comparing them
tional, reformatory, and charitable institu- York, which served as the headquarters of sad trying to account for their points of dif
tions; the extension of railroads and tele- Sir Henry Clinton in the Revolutionary days, Lerence. How frail and almost insignificant graphs, and all those matters which are in- and which has other claims to attention ; Liked this slender, blue-eyed Alpine maiden volved in the rapid improvement of the coun. “Saint Paul's Church,” too well known to by the side of that tall, brilliant, and magnifi- try.” Every other country of the civilized require further mention; and “ The Old JerDent beanty. And somehow she seemed to be
world is noticed, so far at least as to record sey Ferry-House," at the corner of Greenwich Senscious of her own insignificance, for she
whatever of public interest has transpired and Cedar Streets, which was torn down last lanked with large, innocent eyes up into Rı:h's face, and an expression of childlike
in it ; and the international relations be-spring. T'he reproduction is from an etchFonder was visible in her features. 'Ali'
tween our own and other governments are ing entitled “New York from Hobuck (Ho. philosophized Olaf, “it is the problem of my
illustrated by quotations from diplomatic boken),” by the old painter Archibald Roblie which stands embodied before me. The
correspondence. A record of the advance ertson, who made the sketch in 1796. que is the peaceful, simple life of the north, made during the year in the various branches The descriptive text by M. Despard is not aith its small aims and cares, its domestic of science, a narrative of geographical dis- first rate, but it contains all that is needed Firtues, and its calm, idyllic beauty. Love to coveries in different parts of the world, a in the way of information, and plenty of her means duty, a gentle submissiveness, and critical and analytical sketch of literature i personal gossip and social reminiscence bethe attachment held by habit and mutual es
and literary progress in the United States, sides. The printing, paper, etc., are excel. emnBut in the other's bosom lives a world
and in each of the countries of Europe, re. lent. of slumbering tumult, a host of glorious possiMilities, which, though still shrunken in the
ligious statistics, and numerous biographical val, will one day, when touched by the wak
sketches of living and dead celebrities, make PHILANTHROPY finds a novel expression eting warmth of love, develop all the emo
up the remaining contents of the volume. in Mr. M. F. Sweetser's little guide-book, Sirinal wealth and grandeur of perfect woman- A number of excellent woodcuts and “Europe for $2.00 a Day," written without sood. She is the flower of a larger and in- maps take the place of the steel portraits hope of profit and published at rather less keuser civilization, ond all the burning pulses which have illustrated previous issues. than the cost of paper and printing, with the cf life which animate this great century, un
simple desire, as the author says, to “ lend a known to herself, throb in her being. And I it is my own future which I love in her. I
WHATEVER America can show in the way hand” to young Americans who wish to too shall become a larger and a more perfect
of antiquities is likely to attract a peculiar make the European tour, but whose pecunitan for wbat I give and what I receive in the
degree of interest during the next few years, ary resources are limited. The book is the Erstery of such a love.""
and Mrs. Eliza Greatorex will doubtless se. result, and to some extent the record, of per"A Sorseman's Pilgrimage” is very live.
cure an unusually warm and appreciative re- sonal experience ; for Mr. Sweetser himself l; and pleasant reading, and will provide its
ception for her “Old New York from the made a tour, including the greater part of zathor with the most conclusive of natural
Battery to Bloomingdale," the first part of Europe, Egypt, Syria, and the Holy Land, and zation papers ; but somehow it lacks the
which has just been published by G. P. Put-lasting twenty months, for fifteen hundred faror and the charm of “Gunnar."
nam's Sons. The work when complete will dollars, of which three hundred dollars were contain fifty etchings of “the buildings of spent for pictures and other souvenirs. The
New York made venerable by historic and suggestions which it contains are compreThe “ American Annual Cyclopædia," for romantic associations," and ten reproduc hensive and eminently practical; and we 1874, is now ready in a portly volume of tions, one in each part, of old and rare etch- judge that Mr. Sweetser has really shown eight bundred and thirty-one pages (New | ings of scenes in the city and vicinity. “It is “how a gentleman can make the European
tour very economically, yet without encoun- acquainted. The more ambitious novelists which might be worn away, and takes the tering absolute hardship, or demeaning him- who aim at something far higher than this, real brunt off the low walls, overlapped as self by assuming the garb and customs of the and who would describe the great world of
they are by deep eaves. The large windows peasant.” Whether any one less enthusiaswhich they know next to nothing, are like
with granite facings, where the stone might those artists who take a great width of canvas tic and determined than himself can apply
otherwise be much exposed, prevent too and some heroic subject, and produce a work the knowledge, is another question. (Bos
much surface of this charmingly-colored mavast indeed, but as uninteresting as it is unton: J. R. Osgood & Co.) natural." . . . Mrs. Lynn Lynton is writing
terial from coming into contact with the a new novel, entitled “The Atonement of weather. This church is not of better shape Of the late John Stuart Mill the Academy Leam Dundas," for the Cornhill Magazine. than is often seen in buildings erected within says: History affords scarcely another ex
a few years; but in this, and in several other ample of a philosopher so ready to review his
new structures, that variety of material we positions, to abandon them if untenable, and
have so much advocated in the pages of the to take lessons from his own disciples, as the
JOURNAL has been employed, and with even discussion, for instance, of Mr. Thornton's
HILE the public is kept pretty well in- better effect than our imagination had pict. book on 'Labor'shows Mr. Mill to have been."
formed through the press
of the erec- ured; for, though the general aspect is some... Professor Max Müller recommends young men before all things to study the original
tion of fine edifices in the large cities, com- what sombre, the gray granite which is so documents of the great literatures. “It is bet- paratively little attention is given to the disagreeable in combination with brick imter,” he says, to read Homer than to read a gradual change for the better in the archi. parts to this bluish building a cool and per. dozen commentaries upon him." . .. The tecture of the smaller places. Within the fectly harmonious appearance, which the Spectator, after remarking that "justice must last ten years, probably nowhere, in propor- woodbine and ivy that are already quite well be done all the more rigorously on favorites," tion to its size, have there been so many grown serve to enhance. says the truth is that Mr. Black has made a
interesting new edifices built as in the little Beyond the college-grounds and near the bad step backward” in his “ Three Feathcity of Cambridge, Massachusetts.
old Washington elm, another church occuers." . . . Messrs. Cassell, the London pub
have before had occasion to remark in the pies a pretty corner, and in this case also lisbers, have arranged with M. Gustave Doré to illustrate a complete edition of Shake
JOURNAL, the peculiarities of fashion in build. there is a pleasantness in the material which speare's works. Doré is to be paid fifty thou-ings lend them a charm when the ideas that makes the person who has seen it once desire sand dollars for his work. ... Mr. Alling
led to these peculiarities have passed by, to see it again. This building, like the other, ham, the successor of Mr. Froude in the edi- and Elizabethan roofs, with their scalloped is a Gothic church, and more elaborate in torship of Fraser, is said to be engaged in the and pointed gable-ends, the gambrel roofs so form. Two or three cloistered passages break work undertaken by that gentleman of putting frequently met with in the old towns of this the surface of its walls. The stone of which Mr. Carlyle's manuscripts in order. ... The
country, and even the square farm-houses, it is constructed is one of the commonest correspondence of Mr. John Stuart Mill, which,
with their big “stoops" overhung by elm- sorts of conglomerate, popularly called pudas we stated in our last issue, will shortly be published, contains many letters more theo
trees—each has a real charm and picturesque ding-stone, and is found in great quantities
interest of its own, apart from any reference close at band in Roxbury. logical in tone than philosophical. It is gen
Each block to the rules of pure taste; and these crystal- of it is full of the finest colors. Buffs erally rumored that the book will contain passages, especially on religious topics, which are lized forms of old thought and old necessities of every shade, to the deepest dyes of ironfar more uncompromising than the boldest in appeal to us in a way different from any thing ore that stain the rocky coast of Massachuthe “ Autobiography,” and that they will in that is new, however fine the new thing may setts, are variegated by pink and flesh color, any case throw considerable light on various be.
and they marble with their complicated netdevelopments of the beliefs entertained at
In Cambridge, specimens of nearly every work an under-color of purple-gray. Exam. successive periods by Mr. Mill. . . . Messrs.
kind of building may be observed. The old ining the blocks of stone piece by piece it H. S. King & Co., the London publishers, are
college-buildings of red brick, plain and an- seemed impossible for us to decide which of about to publish a series of “Introductory Hand-books," to study which may be, at the
gular as the bricks themselves, without an them might be the more beautiful. same time, useful to those who desire to have a external adornment, had, till a few years ago,
A few rods farther on, off at another corgeneral outline of the subjects treated therein. when thrift destroyed the picturesque, tender ner of the same steet, are the Memorial They will not be, in any sense,
tones of their old weather-beaten red walls, a Church and two other college-buildings of and are intended to be strictly what their name great charm of color. The bricks were worn, the Episcopal Theological School. This in. implies. The series will comprise introduc- and the sunshine flecked their unequal surfaces stitution, which has been founded within a tions to the study of philosophy, music, art, into broken lights and shadows. The vatural dozen years, has purchased a plot of ground English, classical, and foreign literature, his- color, which paint can seldom equal, had of about a couple of acres around the lately. tory, ancient and modern, etc. ...“ Clever
been broken down and streaked and faded built St. John's Church. It would be diffipeople,” says the Academy, “seldom write
by rain and weather till these old lodging. | cult to find anywhere a group of three or novels, they know the difficulties too well. People of genius, whose works deserve the
houses of the students were nearly as pleas- four edifices more pleasant to look upon than most careful criticism, and people with a no
ant to look at, and of as varied a bue, as the these. Sitting low to the ground and surtion that they are great observers, and can tell red and yellow and purple rocks that abound rounded by fine greensward, the church, a story well, havə the field of fiction to them along the sea.coast of New England. But a which stands on the corner, is a small, low. selves. With the works of the former class, few years ago a general renovation did away roofed, many - gabled building, full of pictuwhich ranges from George Eliot to Mr. Black,
with all this, and solid Indian-red, called resque niches and corners, a many-sided apsis, the reviewer seldom meets; the productions brick-color, replaced these slight pleasant filled with stained glass, and with its facings of the latter are before him every week, the
tintings. But Nature is again doing its crude endeavors of young and old ladies, of
and trimmings of Nova-Scotia stone, with
here and there bits of dark color and fine gentlemen of leisure, these he gives his daily work, and “Old Massachusetts” and “Holddreadful line to.'' The Athenæum thinks en Chapel” are beginning to “tone" with carvings. The irregular-sized blocks of the • Ouida's" new novel dull. ... The same the trees and the sky.
Roxbury pudding-stone make a sunshine in a paper speaks of Low's "English Catalogue of As you come into Cambridge by the shady place with their warm tones ; old Eng. Books for 1874" as a work indispensable to horse-cars, the first new building wbich lish stained glass windows with pointed tops reviewers, but an awful proof of the amount meets the eye is a Gothic church, built of break the surfaces of the light walls into of misdirected energy that finds a vent in blocks of blue-and-yellow mottled slate-stone. sombre tones almost as deep as shadow. print. . . . The Saturday Review makes the
This church covers a large area, and its nu- A little on one side of the church, and surfollowing suggestion, which we recommend to novel-writers: “ Our story-writers seldom
merous porches and gables are edged by rounded by heavy, close - cropped turf that do better than when they take some out-of
granite, this latter stone also being built in fills the entire inclosure, another gable-roofed the-way spot as the scene of their tale, and
horizontal lines to the top of the tall stone building of the same material varies from the with the fortunes of their hero and heroine spire. The chief material used is rather church in effect of color by being banded work up the every-day incidents of a life with soft, but the granite guards all portions that and ornamented with red, rich lines and which their readers are likely to be but little are exposed to the weather or the corners decorations, while the oblique lines that sup