תמונות בעמוד

fertility of the soil is unsurpassed, and both Shortly after, the crew of a passing vessel | street, which itself formed part of the auditothe sea and the inland lakes swarm with succeeded in grappling fast to a large box of rium, and the noise was so great that only an shell-fish, while hardly a wild beast or nox- fish, which was indicated by a floating buoy. occasional word could be heard. The actors ious serpent can be found in the archipelago. The captain was nearly frantic with rage and walked on, chattering their parts, which no

* Luzon surpasses all the islands in size envy to think that this lucky piece of rapine one understood, swinging their arms about and importance, and it is not unjustly praised | had not fallen to him.

in a seesaw fashion, and tacking up and by the traveler Crawfurd as the most beau- Letters of introduction to the Spanish au- down across the stage like ships sailing tiful spot in the tropics.” “The main-land thorities of the province insured our author against the wind. · The expressionless faces of the isle of Luzon stretches itself in a com- a most cordial welcome, and through their and the mechanical way of speaking would pact, long quadrangle, twenty-five miles kind offices he secured a pleasant house in have furnished a droll contrast with the broad, from 18° 40' north latitude to the the city of Darága, a well-to-do place of meaning of the words could they have been bay of Manila (14° 30'); and then projects, twenty thousand inhabitants, lying at the understood. But even this source of interamid large lakes and deep creeks, a rugged foot of the grand volcano Moyouse Albay. est was lacking. Both the theatrical exhibipromontory to the east, joined to the main According to monkish records, two Francis- tion and the religious festival of which it continent by but two narrow isthmuses which cans made the first ascent of this mountain was a part bore the impress of laziness, in. stretch east and west of the large inland in 1592, in order to cure the natives of their difference, and mindless mimicry. There was lake of Bay. Many traces of recent up- superstitious reverence for it. One of them even in the audience none of the frank cheer. heavals betoken that the two portions were never returned, but the other, though he did fulness which radiates from the faces of holi. once separated and formed two distinct isl- not reach the summit, reported himself to day-makers in Europe. The same want of ands. The large eastern promontory, well- have had such remarkable adventures that gayety has been observed among the Indians nigh as long as the northern portion, is nearly the mere narrative of them, according to of North America, a trait perhaps owing to cut in halves by two deep bays, which, start- convent tradition, converted hundreds of na- an inferior development of the nervous sysing from opposite points on the southeastern tives from heathenism.

tem, which on the other hand bestows ex-and northwestern coasts, almost merge their No such striking experiences happened to traordinary power of enduring pain. waters in the centre of the peninsula—the Mr. Jagor in his expedition to the top of the Yet, if there is but little exhibition of bay of Ragay, and the bay of Sogod. In volcano. The principal trouble grew out of lively enjoyment on festival occasions among fact, the southern portion of Luzon may be the thievishness of his servants. These had the natives of the Philippines, they take better described as two small peninsulas ly. been left in charge of extra clothing and pro- great pains in decorating their villages, and ing next to one another in parallel positions, visions about two-thirds the way to the crest. the procession always has charms for them. and joined together by a narrow neck of On returning, our traveler found his rascally Every individual is tricked out in his best, land scarcely three miles broad. Two small attendants had absconded with the garments and the more wealthy carry fighting.cocks streams which rise nearly in the same spot, and food on which he had depended to make under their arms, thereby driving the others and pour themselves into the two opposite himself comfortable on the wild mountain- half mad with envy. Visitors pour in from gulfs, make the separation almost complete, side. As it was, he was half starved and neighboring hamlets, and triumpbal arcbes, and form at the same time the boundary be- frozen, for a fierce sleet-storm was falling, l bearing complimentary inscriptions, are fretween the province of Tayabas on the west, and the wind blew very cold on the exposed | quent. Many of the holiday-makers do not and that of Camarines on the east. The mountain.

neglect so golden an opportunity of getting western portion, indeed, consists almost en. A great drawback to the comfort of the drunk, even the young girls not refraining tirely of the first-named district, and the traveler in these islands is found in the un- from the seductions of palm-brandy. Native eastern is divided into the provinces of trustworthiness of the servants. Mr. Jagor hospitality then shows itself in the most faNorth Camarines, South Camarines, and Al- bad sprained his ankle during his mountain. vorable light, and the stranger may accept it bay."

trip, and his attendants found the consequent at such times without the fear of being rified The latter province, next to that of Ma- idleness so pleasant that they strained every of all his valuables. The door of every house nila, is of leading importance. The transit effort to prolong so agreeable a state of ex- stands open, and balls are frequent, the air to Albay is by sea, trading-brigs and small istence. Twice on the eve of departure on continuing merry all night with the twang of craft running constantly between the princi. some long excursion they stole his shoes (no the guitar and the tinkle of castapets. At pal ports of the two provinces, as the com-trifling loss in the Philippines), and once they one of these native balls a graceful im. merce is by no means inconsiderable. Mr. kidnapped his horse. A resident acquaint-promptu dance was given, in which the men Jagor's record of his coastwise voyage fur- ance condoled with him, saying that robber- sang verses. Our author heard one of the dishes an amusing commentary on the pecul. ies are only perpetrated on fresh arrivals. dancers say to his partner, as he presented iar traits of the natives. The skipper had Some waggish thief must have overheard this her with a rose, that “she should be careful forgotten to provide a full supply of vegeta- complacent remark, for the comforter's lard. how she handled it, as no rose was without a bles, and to remedy the defect he did not er and new house were so thoroughly stripped thorn.” In the mouth of an Andalusian, hesitate to land several times a day and the same night as to oblige him to borrow this would have been esteemed a charming coolly appropriate from the plantations and the materials of breakfast. When an Indian compliment. gardens whatever his need or cupidity sug has a long journey to make, or a heavy load During Mr. Jagor's residence in Albay, gested. This caused remonstrance from the to carry, he does not in the least hesitate to the bay of Legaspi was visited by pirates, traveler, but the only reply of our Tagal appropriate the well-fed beast of some Span- who committed many daring robberies, and skipper was a shrug of the shoulders, ac- iard, turning the half-starved creature loose carried off several people. These were not companied by a look of compassion for such when he has finished with him, and the owner the Mohammedan corsairs who sometimes folly. On one occasion, while the brig was is lucky if he gets the animal back again. visit the coast, but a band of deserters and passing some magnificent pastures, on which A dramatic entertainment, given in the vagabonds who found it more agreeable to grazed thousands of fine cattle, the captain adjacent town of Legaspi, claims our atten- pursue their freebooting career on sea than was full of regret that the unfavorable wind tion, as affording a curious illustration of In. on land. A large trading-bark had also bareprevented him from landing : “ They were dian character in the Philippines. The actors ly escaped their clutches. On the royage one splendid beasts. IIow easy to put a couple were natives, the stage-director a Spanish po- of the passengers, a newly-arrived Spaniard, on board! No one would miss them, for the litical refugee. On each side of the stage, mistaking several small vessels riding at anproprietors did not know how fast they in- roofed in with palm-leaves, ran covered galochor for fishermen, had approached them in creased. A man lands with a little money in leries for the dignitaries of the place, the open a small boat. They opened fire, and caphis pocket. If he meets a herdsman, why, a space between being set apart for the com- tured him and his crew before they could esdollar will make it all right; if not, well then mon people. The performers gave a play cape, while the captain of the brig slipped so much the better-he can settle the busi. taken from Persian history, though the lan- his cable and put out to sea again. The ness for himself by a barrel of shot or a guage was Spanish.

pirates do not often kill their prisoners, but sling."

The stage was erected hard by a public | employ them as rowers. Europeans seldom


survive the treatment by these wretches, for they are exposed naked and with insufficient food, and are obliged to undergo tremendous toil.

Throughout the Philippines the padre plays a most important part, governing with an authority which even the alcalde does not dare to exercise. If the traveler gets on good terms with the worthy fathers, which is not difficult, he seldom meets with serious annoyances. On one occasion our author had projected a little expedition, and proposed to start immediately after luncheon. At a quarter-past eleven every thing was ready for a start, and the remark was made that it was a pity that there should be so long a delay. In a minute or two noon struck, all work ceased, and the luncheon-hour came. A mes. senger had been sent to the village bell-ringer to the effect that the Señor Padre thought he must be asleep, and that it must be long past twelve, for the Señor Padre was hungry -an excess of complaisance only rivaled by the answer of one of his courtiers to Louis le Grand, who inquired the hour: “Il est l'heure que votre majesté désire."

When the priests first arrive from their seminaries they are generally ignorant, conceited, and full of proselyting ardor. These feelings, however, soon disappear, and they become mellow and generous in their views of life. The padre is frequently the only white man in the village, perhaps for miles around. He becomes the representative not only of religion, but of government; and be is the oracle among his parishioners, from whose decision there is no appeal. His ad. vice is asked on all occasions, and he has no one whom he can consult, an emergency which gradually sharpens his wits and strengthens his judgment. The same in. dividuals who in Spain would follow the plough, in the colonies carry out great schemes. Without technical education or scientific knowledge, they construct roads, and build churches and bridges. Life in a large convent is similar to that of the lord of the manor in Europe. The people are treated kindly but arbitrarily, and the guest lives as independently as at an hotel. As gross as the immorality of many of the padres may be, they are the most active representatives of civilization among the people, and on the whole their influence is a beneficent one.

It is said that some of the convents are crowded with bevies of pretty girls. But this is more specially true of the native priests, the Spanish fathers being freer from the vice of licentiousness. Ribeadeneyra, the historian of the islands, writes: “The Indians, who observe how careful the Franciscan monks are of their chastity, have arrived at the conclusion that they are not really men, and that, though the devil had often attempted to lead these holy men astray, using the charms of some pretty Tagal woman as a bait, yet, to the confusion of both damsel and devil, the monks had always come scathless out of the fiery ordeal.” It would be perhaps dangerous to investi. gate the authority for such praise too closely. At all events, the younger priests pass their lives like lords of the soil, and the Ta.

gal girls consider it an honor to be associated fibre of the pineapple, prepared in a peculiar with them. There are no jealous wives to

We give Mr. Jagor's description pry into their secrets, and the doors of the

of the process : confessional are inviolate.

“ The fruit of the plants selected for this Mr. Jagor mentions his visit to one priest | purpose is generally removed early; a prowho introduced two pretty young women as cess which causes the leaves to increase conhis sisters, though the servants openly spoke siderably both in length and in breadth. A of these young ladies as mothers of several woman places a board on the ground, and children by bis reverence. In another case a upon it a pineapple-leaf with the hollow side Spanish priest voluntarily confessed the rea- upward. Sitting at one end of the board, sons for his adoption of his profession. While she holds the leaf firmly with her toes, and a subaltern in the army at home, he and scrapes its outer surface with a potsherd; some comrades bad been playing cards on a not with the sharp, fractured edge, but with shady balcony, whence they looked out on the blunt side of the rim; and thus the leaf the broad fields. “See,” said one of them, ļ is reduced to rags. In this manner a stratpointing to some half-starved donkeys plough- um of coarse longitudinal fibre is disclosed, ing in the distance, “ how the donkey yon. and the operator, placing her thumb-nail beder toils and perspires, while we loll in the neath it, lifts it up, and draws it away in shade!” The happy conceit of letting the a compact strip; after which she scrapes donkeys work, while the idle enjoyed life, again until a second fine layer of fibre is made so deep an impression on him that he laid bare. Then, turning the leaf round, turned priest.

she scrapes its back, which now lies upward, The province adjoining Albay, that of down to the layer of fibre, which she seizes South Camarines, furnishes some interesting with her hand and draws at once, to its full studies of native pagan life — Indians who length, away from the back of the leaf. have resisted the seductions of Christianity, When the fibre has been washed, it is dried and the comparatively civilized surroundings

in the sun.

It is afterward combed, with a of the pueblo and hamlet. These sullen bar- suitable comb, like women's hair, sorted into barians live mostly on the slopes of the four classes, tied together, and treated like mountains, and the people of the plains call the fibre of the lupi. In this crude manner them indifferently Ygorrotes, Cimarrons, In- are obtained the threads for the celebrated fieles, or Montesinos. The word Cimarron is web Nipis de Piña, which is considered by borrowed from the American colonies, where experts the finest in the world. In the Phil. it used to denote the negroes who had es. ippines, where the fineness of the work is caped from servitude, and lived in the woods best understood and appreciated, richly-emwild and free. In the Philippines, it is ap- broidered costumes of this description have plied to the natives who prefer a wild exist- fetched more than two thousand thalers each." ence to the comforts of village life, offset- These wild people make an arrow-poison ting the independence of the one against the from the bark of trees in a peculiar fashion. luxuries of the other. The term Ygorrote is A piece of bark is beaten to pieces, pressed rather loosely applied, as it is properly the dry, wetted, and again dried. The juice thus name given to the half-caste offspring of extracted looks like pea-soup, and is warmed Chinese and Indian, but its general use is over a slow fire in an earthen pot. During germane to the pagan dwellers of the moun. the process a coagulum is formed, which is tain-slopes.

constantly stirred into the boiling mass. So mild is the climate that these self-con- When this reaches the consistency of sirup, stituted exiles, the Ygorrotes, have but little a small quantity is scraped off the inner surdifficulty in providing for all the wants of face of a second species of bark, and the life. In spite of the edicts pronounced juice squeezed into the vessel. When the against them by the Spanish Government, whole mass attains the consistency of thin forbidding the people to trade with them, jelly, it is scraped out of the pot, and preand declaring a crusade against them as served on a leaf sprinkled with ashes. For heathen and infidels, they live on quite ami- | poisoning an arrow they use a piece as large cable terms with the dwellers of the plains as a hazel-nut, which, after being warmed, is and villages. For every Philippine Indian has uniformly distributed over the iron point, an indate desire to abandon the hamlets and making the barb fit for repeated use. retire to the solitude of the woods, and it is The Bicol Indians, who make up the mass the influence of the priests alone which pre- of the people of Camarines, differ from the vents a more general desertion of the vil. Tagals, who live to the westward, and are a lages. The Ygorrotes preserve many of their race somewhat inferior in physique and intel. own primitive manners and customs, in spite ligence, it being generally believed that the of their communication with the Christians. | Tagals are a Malayan people, while the for. The men go about naked, with the excep- mer are aboriginal in the islands. Intertion of a cloth about the loins, and the marriage, however, has assimilated the two women content themselves with an apron very largely, and made them alike in many falling to the knee. They decorate their huts respects, though the marks of race remain with crucifixes in spite of their paganism, for fixed. Although the families live in a crowdthey believe the emblem of salvation to be ed state, one room answering all purposes, an amulet of great power, as the Spaniards eating, sleeping, and living, it is asserted that would not use them so much if they had not they are a people of extraordinary cleanliness, unusual virtue. It was among the Ygorrotes, the young maidens specially bathing several wbo, though barbarian, are very expert weav. times a day, and (mirabile dictu !) making as ers, that our author saw the manufacture of diligent use of the toothbrush, which is made a very exquisite and costly fabric from the of the fibres of the arica-nut tree, the latter

also furnishing the material for the habitual | they are able to tell the owner of a pocket- believed to have miraculous powers, such as garment, not unlike that worn by the poorer | handkerchief by the odor, and lovers at part the prophecy of death, war, etc. The travTagals.

ing exchange pieces of linen which they may eler St. John states that the Sultan of Bru. The women seldom marry before the four- be wearing, that during separation they may nei refused twenty thousand pounds sterling teenth year, twelve being the legal limit. inhale the odor of the beloved being. The for the most valued one of his collection, As a general thing, however, the ceremony is manner of kissing is peculiar. Instead of though he had many others. dispensed with, to save the expense. The pressing lip to lip, they inhale the breath The value attached by the Japanese to girls esteem it an honor to have children by strongly. The form of speech is not “Give these fragile and oftentimes rudely-shaped jars Europeans, still more so when the priest me a kiss,” but “Smell me."

seems to have rested on the use made of them vouchsafes to become the parent, as the cura In the country of the Bicols are found in the meetings of the mysterious tea-sociealways supports his offspring, though under certain prehistoric remains, which have ex- ties, Cha-no-yu, the origin of which is almost an assumed name. Matrimonial infidelity, cited the liveliest interest among the arche- unknown to Europeans. They flourished prinwhich often occurs, is punished by cudgeling | ologists, not from any intrinsic connection cipally during the reign of the Emperor Taithe woman, the seducer going scot-free, the with a possible civilization among the ear- kosama, who, in the sixteenth century, furprevalent opinion being that it is a matter of liest inhabitants of the islands, but from the nished the society with new laws, and organcourse for the male offender, and that the mysterious value attached to them by the ized a vast number of chapters of this mablame rests entirely with the woman. In one Chinese and Japanese. Certain it is that sonic, tea-drinking fraternity, for the purpose case that came under the notice of our trav- none of the present races know any thing of fostering a taste for art and knowledge, eler, a woman induced her husband to reveal about them, or their mode of manufacture, almost obliterated during the long civil and who had been the partner of his guilt, where- and that they are sought for with great avid religious wars of the kingdom. To tame his upon she cut off her rival's long hair with a ity by the wealthy classes of Japan and other rough subjects, make them tractable, and his stroke of her scissors. This was the only tea-drinking nations of the East. One of the dynasty safe, he recalled the Cha-no-yu 80case of personal vengeance which had oc- early Spanish writers on the Philippines cieties into life, and reorganized its ancient curred for a year.

The Bicol women are writes of them as follows, for they were, in customs, which are said still to exist. The generally well treated, doing only light work, his day, far more plentiful, and the traditions object of the society is to draw the attention such as sewing, weaving, embroidery, and of them well preserved:

of man from the terrestrial forces around managing the household; while all the “On this island, Luzon, particularly in him, and dispose him to self-contemplation, heavier labor falls to the med. A curious the provinces of Manila, Pampánga, Panga. | the highest aim of the Buddhist culture. practice is that which prevails for fathers to sinán, and Ylócos, very ancient clay vessels Clothed in light, white garments, and offer their daughters to Europeans as security of a dark-brown color are found by the na- without weapons, the members of the Cha-nofor loans. This sort of mortgage, of course, tives, of a sorry appearance; some of a mid. yu assemble round the master's house, and, varies in market value according to the beau-dling size, and others smaller; marked with after resting some time in the anteroom, are ty of the girl, which is oftentimes very notable. characters and stamps. They are unable to conducted into a pavilion appropriated exclu

In spite of the cleanly habits of the Bi. say either when or where they obtained sively to these assemblies. This consists of cols, the itch is a wide-spread malady, be. them; but they are no longer to be acquired, the most costly kinds of wood, but is without lieved by the physicians to be the result of nor are they manufactured in the islands. any ornament which could possibly be abtoo low a diet, the food being mostly fish and The Japanese prize them highly, for they stracted from it; without color, and without vegetable. Under certain conditions these bave found that the root of a herb which varnish, dimly lighted by small windows natives are utterly unable to endure hunger they call tscha (tea), and which, when drunk | thickly overgrown with plants, and so low and thirst, and when pursued by unappeased hot, is considered as a great delicacy and of that it is impossible to stand upright. The Wunts become critically ill, and often die. A medicinal efficacy by the kings and lords in guests tread the apartment with solemn, measmorbid mania for imitation is the result of Japan, cannot be effectively preserved except ured steps, and, having been received by the the disease alluded to above, a mania utterly in these vessels; which are so highly es. host according to the prescribed formulas, beyond control. The attacks of the malady teemed all over Japan that they form the arrange themselves in a half-circle on both consist in this: that a man suffering under most costly articles of their show-rooms and sides of him. All distinctions of rank are the influence of terror or consternation will cabinets. Indeed, so highly do they value abolished. The ancient vessels are now reunconsciously, and without the least sense of them that they overlay them externally with moved with solemn ceremonies from their shame, imitate every thing that passes before fine gold, embossed with great skill, and in. wrappings, saluted, and admired; and, with him. Should he be offended, he falls into a close them in cases of brooade; and some of the same solemn and rigidly-prescribed forrage, raving and shrieking; and precipitates these vessels are valued at and fetch an ex- mulas, the water is heated on the hearth aphimself at the same time, knife in hand, on cessive price."

propriated to the purpose, and the tea taken those who have placed him in the predica- The early voyager Carletti, on sailing from the vessels and prepared in cups. The ment. The practice of running amok, fre- from the Philippines to Japan in 1697, nar. tea consists of the young, green leaves of the quent in the Malay countries, is also not un- rates that "all the passengers on board were e | tea-shrub rubbed to powder

, and is very stimcommon in the Philippines. Our author threatened with death if they endeavored to i ulating in its effect. The beverage is taken mentions the case of a soldier in Manila, conceal certain earthen vessels, which were amid deep silence, while incense is burning who rushed into the house of a school-teach- wont to be brought from the Philippines and on the elevated pedestal of honor, toko ; er, stabbed him and his son, and, passing other islands of the sea, as the king wished and, after the thoughts have thus been colthence into the street, mortally wounded a to buy them all. Some of these vessels lected, conversation begins. It is confined woman and two young girls, a boy, a coach. were worth ten thousand scudi each, and they to abstract subjects ; but politics are not alman, another woman, a sailor, and three sol- were known by the Japanese experts and con

ways excluded.

Many of these old jars, diers. On arriving at his barracks, he plunged | noisseurs by certain characters and stamps. wrapped in costly silken folds, and preserved the dagger in his own breast. Thus twelve They are of great age and very rare, and come in chests lacquered with gold, are preserved victims besides himself fell before his homi- only from Cambodia, Siam, Cochin - China, among the treasures of the Mikado with all cidal frenzy. It is quite singular that the the Philippines, and neighboring islands. ... the care due to the most costly jewels, togethrunning amok is so often associated with the It is perfectly true that the king and princes er with documents relating to their history. results of the disease alluded to above. of that country possess a very large number Those coming from the Philippine Islands are

One of the greatest insults is to stride of these vessels, and prize them above all said to surpass all others in value, from some over a sleeping native, or to awaken him sud- treasures as the most precious; and that they distinctive virtue supposed to be imparted by denly. They arouse one another with much boast of their acquisitions, and, from motives their material to the tea. circumspection, and by slow degrees. This of vanity, strive to outvie each other in the Among the singular superstitions among grows out of the prevalent superstition that multitude of vessels they possess." The Ma- the Ygorrote communities visited by Mr. Jathe soul leaves the body in sleep. The sense lays and Dyaks of Borneo have similar super- gor was one appertaining to the bat, a creatof smell is so extraordinarily developed that I stitions, and some of these earthen pots were : ure regarded by them with extreme rever





He had occasion to visit a singular

ter Miss Basil had received! However, that care inbabited by a particular species of THE LITTLE JOANNA.* was out of the question, for she did not wish cheiroptera and by great, long-armed spiders,

Miss Basil to know of her writing; and as on known to be poisonous. The natives were


that account she could not even ask for Miss quite reluctant to enter, and were particular

Hawkesby's address, she sent her letter in. to enjoin on each other the respect to be

closed in another to her cousin, Mrs. Starshown to Calapnitan (“ lord of the bats ").

gold, who, she knew, was an intimate friend One of the principal rules was to name no


of Miss Hawkesby, and would forward it to object in the cave without adding Lord Ca


her. This could be managed very easily and lapnitan's. They would not bluntly refer to

naturally, for, of course, it would be proper gun or torch, but it was always “ Lord Joanna was quite right when she said that

to inform Mrs. Stargold of Arthur's safe ar. C.'s gun,” or “ Lord C.'s torch." One of “the grandmamma” was pleased with her rival, and Mrs. Basil had good and sufficient these caves the Indians for a long time feigned for inquiring about young Hendall : Mrs. Basil

reasons for wishing to keep her nephew alive ignorance of, but at last, after great persuawas more than pleased; but Joanna had made

in that lady's interest. sion, their memories came to them, though her artless inquiries at a propitious moment.

When she had performed these important they did not consent to take the risk till after There are times when even the most re

duties, Mrs. Basil began to devote herself to two days' wanderings and many debates. To

served natures crave sympathy, and although the cultivation of her nephew's acquaintance; our author's great amazement, they con

Mrs. Basil had no thought of demanding it for he was in many respects a stranger to ducted him back to Calapnitan's cave, from

from any one, least of all from Miss Basil, her; and it must be confessed that she found which a narrow fissure, hidden by a projec- perbaps, she was sensibly chilled by Miss

herself a little disappointed in him. He was tion of rock, led into one of the most gorBasil's indifference; her husband's grand

a handsome young fellow, with frank, easy geous stalactite caves in the world. Its foor daughter coming immediately afterward, full

manners; but evidently he had not the sober was easy to tread and perfectly dry, and it of eagerness and attention, and showing an solidity of the Hendalls; he was too much ran out into several branches, the entire , admiring appreciation of young Hendall's disposed to make light of important matters. length of which could not have been less prowess in the affair of the burglars, soothed

But he was young, and this disposition she than a mile. The whole series of royal cham- and rather flattered her—though she would hoped might be overcome in time. In one bers, cathedrals, columns, pulpits, and altars, not have admitted as much, even to herself.

respect, at least, he certainly was worthy of were magnificent in the extreme, and worthy

There was, moreover, a simple, childlike

the name be bore. He bad shown himself a of comparison with the most celebrated grot- directness about Joanna's questions and com- hero in the encounter with those burglars ; toes of Southern Europe, on which tourists ments, combined with a marked respect, that

and heroes, Mrs. Basil was proud to remember have lavished such eloquent descriptions. seemed to justify the assertion (an assertion

in the midst of her poverty, had not been It is a somewhat singular fact that the

that Mrs. Basil had begun to doubt some- wanting in her family. Hendalls, Ruffners, Aruntamed and barbarous Ygorrotes have the what) that Joanna was but a child ; and it is

chers, and Stargolds, had died upon the field secret of the art of smelting copper, and carry always gratifying to have one's assertions

of glory; and, though she was far from desirit on with great success. The rich quarries justified, especially when it is desirable to ing such an opportunity for Arthur, it filled bare always been successfully concealed from believe in them.

her heart with exaltation to find that here the government, and the copper, so cunningly

Still, Joanna could not forever remain a was another who, upon such a field, could monopolized by the bill-people, has been for child; and the possibilities of the situation

have acquitted himself with honor. many centuries an important article of barter impressed Mrs. Basil, upon reflection, more

But Arthur had a provoking way of turniwith the merchants of Manila and other and more forcibly. Of course, a girl without | ing up his nose at the whole affair, and call. large ports. The descriptions by the Spanish beauty (for no ray of beauty could Mrs. Basil

ing it a ridiculus mus. A“muss it migbt authors of the Ygorrote processes of smelt

see in the little sunburned, brown-eyed Jo- be called in a certain sense, perhaps, for there ing would seem to indicate a very consider. | anna), without style, without manner, with

was such a word, Mrs. Basil knew : it meant able knowledge of chemistry, such as would out accomplishments, almost without educa.

"scramble; " but what there was ridiculous distinguish them favorably from other barba- tion, could have no attractions for Arthur, in so dangerous an encounter she could not rian peoples who have shown skill in sep.

who, when he married (as marry he must arating metal from the crude ore. some day-Mrs. Basil had made up her mind

“I know, Arthur, that modesty is becom. In the beds of several of the streams,

to that as a politic step toward fortune), | ing; but you may carry it so far as to appear also, there are quite extensive gold-washings, would be guided by that unfailing discretion affected, you know. And I am sure Cousin though the miners are mostly poor, shiftless

which characterized all her family. But it Elizabeth would not be pleased to hear the vagabonds, who are both lazy and indolent. was difficult to say what disagreeable compli.

occurrence spoken of as 'ridiculous.'” Most of the trading in these mining-regions cation of affairs might not result from Miss Arthur laughed. is done by Tagal women, who, with their fam

Basil's very natural and, in a general sense, "But I assure you, aunt, the story has ilies, come down from Lucban and Mauban, praiseworthy ambition to settle Joanna well

been very much exaggerated—" the females of the Tagal race displaying far in life. Mrs. Basil herself desired to see her

“When you have a wound to show for more shrewdness and energy than the men.

husband's granddaughter settled well in life, it?” said Mrs. Basil, reproachfully. They buy up the gold, and bring into the but not by the sacrifice of her nephew Ar- “A mere scratch that I am ashamed of,"

diggings " woolen and cotton stuffs, and thur. So, by way of preventing trouble, she said Arthur, with impatience. “It was my luxuries of various sorts, among which is

decided to write at once to Miss Hawkesby: own pistol, you know, went off through my reckoned champagne. It is not uncommon to

not immediately to suggest any thing defi- awkwardness, or carelessness, or stupidity. see in the rude booths of the pretty Tagal nite—such abruptness might fail of its object | My fever was on, and a man with third-day traders baskets of this costly French wine, but simply to open a friendly correspond- ague isn't fit when the fever is on to be ban. which is freely indulged in by the ragged,

ence that might ultimately lead Miss Hawkes. dling fire-arms." ignorant miners, when they make a lucky by to give the little Joanna those advantages

“ It was all the braver of you, Arthur," find. At other times they may starve and go Mrs. Basil heartily desired to see her hus

said his aunt, admiringly. 'Rushing out naked, but the instant they get a handful band's granddaughter enjoy. She now re- of a sick-bed, in the dead of night, to conof the precious yellow metal, they forthwith proached herself with having too long neg. front two stalwart ruffians!'—the papers had proceed to drench themselves with the costly, lected cultivating Miss Hawkesby for Jo.

it so !” (triumphantly). sparkling fluid, which is deemed fit for the anna's sake, but she hoped it might not yet “Much the papers knew about it!” said table of kings, as if it were naught but combe too late. If only she could get some clew

Arthur, laugbing again. “The rascals scat. mon palm · wine. Be they black or white, to the contents and general tone of that let

tered at the very first sound of any one stirIndians or Europeans, the habits of mining

ring, and I never saw them. A child might communities would seem to be pretty much

* ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1875, by

have driven them away with a rattle. There D. APPLETOX & Co., in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at the same the world over. Washington.

was no harm done but the bursting of a panel



in a little old escritoire, and that was done subject where her opinions were strongly searching look upon her nephew, as he lay by the ball out of my own pistol that grazed fixed; but there was one point on which be stretched out on the lounge; but his eyes me as it went off. I don't know how it hap- contrived, without knowing it, to set her mind were shut, and she could learn nothing from pened, for it was in the dark; but when they at rest.

his placid, rather weary-looking countenance. brought a light there I was bleeding from a In one shape or another the all-important Though she did not believe in the romance of scratch on my left forearm. And that's all. idea of match-making seldom fails to take love, she yet hesitated to risk the loss of her Nothing, you see, to sound a trumpet for.” possession of the woman that has a personal influence by declaring openly in favor of mar.

“I am sure Cousin Elizabeth doesn't con- interest in any young, unmarried relative; i rying for money. sider it any trifle; she must look upon you and Mrs. Basil, beginning seriously to ques. “If I might suggest, Arthur,” she said, as the defender of her life and property." tion whether her nephew possessed the boast- slowly, and still studying his half-averted

"Poor old soul, how big her eyes were!” ed discretion of a Hendall, was anxious to face, “I, who have seen so much more of life said Arthur, with a hearty chuckle. “It was impress him with sound views in regard to than you—money, my dear"-with a deep an awful scene. She'll never get over it. It the choice of a wife.

sigh-"does not make happiness, so it is said, will move ber, surely, to invite some of her Of course she had too much of the char- but the want of it is very—inconvenient, to say numerous impoverished kindred to live with acteristics of a Hendall to say any thing to the least. You ought to make—a judicious her now.

I wonder what possessed her to him about the apprehensions his coming had marriage." ask me to stay with her those three days I excited; but there were other ways of signi. A sudden thought strikes me!” cried was compelled to spend in Westport ?” fying her wishes to him, and she chose a very Arthur, rousing himself. “Aunt, it was not

“O Arthur! can't you suppose she would roundabout way, indeed; for she believed my father, and grandfather, and great-grandfeel an interest in a young kinsman ? " said herself a great diplomatist, and her object father, who lived here in elegant leisure, as his aunt, in an aggrieved tone. “I consider was to surprise her nephew's most secret you said, just now_" it a fortunate thing for you, indeed. Cousin thoughts.

"I did not say that," interrupted Mrs. Elizabeth may remember you handsomely for “ If ever you should decide upon plant. Basil. “Your father and grand—” the service you rendered her.”

ing, Arthur, you will find more than forty “But you said what sounded like it," per“I don't like living on such expecta- acres attached to Basilwood.”

sisted Arthur, eagerly, “and it has put a notions," said Arthur, making a wry face.

“And the mule thrown in?" said the in- tion into my head. What an odd turn of And then Mrs. Basil began to blush for corrigible Arthur.

fortune's wheel it was that gives me a claim her sentiments, accusing her poverty that But this sally Mrs. Basil would not con- upon this jolly old place" ever she had uttered them. Nevertheless, descend to notice.

“It was perfectly fair, Arthur ; you need her views remained the same. Had Arthur “It is good land," she said, "if properly not be so excited," interrupted Mrs. Basil been as brave in behalf of a beggar, she felt cultivated. It has been known to yield half again, loftily. And you need not call the that she would have been none the less a bale to the acre. And Basilwood, though place ‘jolly,' as if it were a tavern." Arthur proud of him; but she truly thought it a so sadly out of repair, is a pleasant place for certainly did sometimes speak a language great boon of fortune that he had been given a gentleman to take his ease in."

new to her. the opportunity to risk his life for an elderly “Yes, it is,” said Arthur, cordially. “My “Oh, fair enough in my grandfather, no relative who had money to leave; for, of health is improved since I came."

doubt," answered Arthur; “but a shabby course, he ran a risk-he might have been “I am afraid the life of a civil engineer trick of' old Dame Fortune to oust the Basils killed easily enough. All the kindred far will never agree with you, my dear boy; and, so completely. I say, did not the judge leave and near were paying most assiduous court if you should cver marry, you would find it some descendant to regard me with envy, hato the elderly, rich, eccentric Mrs. Stargold; very inconvenient.”

tred, and malice ?" and Mrs. Basil scorned them, one and all, for "I don't know," said Arthur. “This bouse “ Arthur!” said Mrs. Basil, with grave a set of unblushing legacy-hunters; but it is too large for a poor man. I dream of love displeasure, as she pushed back her chair, was at least natural that she, who knew how in a cottage."

“I disapprove of such levity. The judge, my joyless life could be without money, should “That sentiment might be excused in a husband, left a granddaughter, an orphan, build some expectations for her nephew upon school-girl, but I gave you credit for better who has-relatives to care for her." The fact the opportune service he had rendered the sense,” replied his aunt, stiffly. She had seen was to be communicated with some caution, old lady. She wished to believe in the “two the failure of too many love-matches to put she felt. stalwart ruffians” herself, and she was vexed any faith in a cottage with its door for the “Ah, then, if I am to marry," continued that Arthur would persist in setting them entrance of that grim guest Poverty, and its Arthur, gayly, inspired by his aunt's indigna. down as naught.

window for the exit of that little flimsy, flut- tion, “if I am to marry and live here in ele. “Independence is all very well, my dear tering trifler, Dan Cupid.

gant leisure, I'll propose for the judge's Arthur," said she, impressively; “but it is “I was merely jesting,” said Arthur, with granddaughter. How lucky that he left a not wise to carry it too far. Money is a good a sudden gravity. “I can't afford to marry." ! granddaughter for me to marry! Such a thing to have; it is indispensable in planting "You mean to say that you cannot afford marriage should please both the young and the on a large scale, which is the only profitable to make one of those foolish, cottage-love old, for it would be at once romantic and juway in my estimation."

marriages,” said his aunt, quickly. So long dicious." Mrs. Basil had set her heart on having as he did not speak lightly, she had hopes of “Arthur,” said Mrs. Basil, bringing her Arthur revive at Basilwood some semblance influencing him. “ What I wish you to con.

ivory-beaded staff into position, “you will of that easy, obsolescent Southern life she sider is, that with a fine old place like this in bear in mind that I cannot consider my late loved and honored.

possession—and surely, Arthur, you know, as husband's granddaughter a subject to build “But, if I ever take to planting," said I have always told you, that this place is as any such supposition upon. She is a mere Arthur, “I don't care to do it on a large much yours now as it would be if I were child." scale; I would feel quite set up with 'forty dead; my chief desire is to see you settled “If she is a mere child, then," said Aracres and a mule.' here"

thur, lightly, “ of course there is an end of “O Arthur, my dear!” said bis aunt, “ Thank you, aunt," said Arthur, with my romantic and judicious marriage, unless I with deep reproach. His ideas on the sub- feeling.

put it off some years, I suppose?” ject were no more elevated than Pamela's, " And with means to keep this place up, Mrs. Basil prudently forbore to notice this who was forever harping on “small, mixed you might live here like a gentleman of ele- suggestion. crops.” Oftener than once, since young Hen- gant leisure, as your father, and your grand. “I consider marriage too serious an afdall's arrival, had Mrs. Basil been forced to father, and your great-grandfather, did before fair for any kind of jest,” said she, drawing struggle agai the unwelcome conviction you."

herself up with virtuous dignity. that he was not altogether what she had “Ay; with means to keep it up," said "Perhaps, if I had ever been married, I fondly hoped to find him. He differed, or Arthur.

too should understand that it is no joke," appeared to differ, from her on almost every Mrs. Basil leaned forward and bent a said Arthur the incorrigible.

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