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the age.

the feeling and expression of a work in the Tuscan city of Sienna, over which have are rather flattered than otherwise. The great color. In the background there are several passed the reverend feet of Dante, and some success of her works, in the teeth of a persistold pieces of carved furniture, which are in

of the episodes in which he has by his pen ent pressure from the moral and religious accord with the scene and period. Aside,

made more enduring than the marble in which classes of the community on both sides of the

they are traced. however, from the detail of the composition,

Atlantic, is one of the literary phenomena of which is excellent and creditable to Mr.

Dentu has just published" Les Cinq,' a new Sarony's genius, the artistic execution of

from Abroad.

novel by Paul Féval, and one by Elie Berthet, the work possesses peculiar merit. The

entitled “Maitre Bernard." He announces faces are drawn with exceeding care, and

6. The Defense of Paris,” by General Ducrot, they bear an expression of tenderness and

OUR PARIS LETTER.

with forty-five colored maps. Klincksieck, 11 feeling which is rarely secured in crayon

July 13, 1875. Rue de Lille, has on sale the concluding vol. pictures. The management of the light, too, I

umes of the correspondence of Leibnitz with

rent there to the effect that the heirs of is fine; and as it streams through the re

the Electress Sophia, the mother of George I. cessed window it gives relief to the figures,

the Countess Guiccioli have recently offered of England, extracted from the papers pre

the letters exchanged between Byron and her- served in the Royal Library of Hanover. Glady and invests them with a charm the spirit of

self to several of the leading publishers of Brothers announce a novel in that scientific which is suggestive only of refinement and

England for sale, but could find no purchasers. style wbich the success of Jules Verne's works the most delicate fancy. Wilkie Collins, in a This is as it should be. No literary nor his- has rendered so popular, entitled “ The Conrecent letter to Mr. Sarony, complimented torical interests could be served by the public quest of the Air, or Forty Days of Aërial him greatly for the artistic taste sho in cation of these letters; there would merely be Navigation,” by Jules A. Brown. H. Chamthe composition of his photographic pictures. a revival of much of the old scandalous talk pion announces a new cdition of the works of He said that he had “ brought photography which has now happily nearly died away. A Rabelais, edited by Paul Favre, and ornaand art together.” In the present instance lady who was the intimate friend of the Mar- mented with steel-engravings, among which we have pure art, executed without the aid

quise de Boissy (Madame Guiccioli) in herlater are three ancient portraits of Rabelais. Of of the camera, and it indicates that Sarony is

years informs ine that these letters were all this edition only seven hundred copies have

written in Italian, and would, perforce, lose been printed. Plon & Co. publish a work on as accomplished in the former field as in the

much of the beauty of their language in trans- Spain, by P. L. Imbert, entitled “The Splenlatter.

lation, and that, being simply impassioned dors and Miseries of Spain," and illustrated

love-letters, they would possess no literary with numerous wood-engravings from designs The group of the Crucifixion in stone, or- value whatever. I had recently the pleasure by Alexandre Prévost, who is, some say, a ridered by the King of Bavaria, will soon be of holding in my hand a locket which Madame val, others an imitator of Gustave Doré. “The erected at Ober - Ammergau, on the mound de Boissy had presented to the lady in ques- Diplomatic History of the Late War," by M. above the stage on which the Passion Play is tion. It contained two locks of hair, one a Sorel, is attracting much attention ; it shows performed. . . . A colossal statue, by Pro- dark, slender ring, which had been clipped very conclusively what helpless puppets Nafessor Drake, of Humboldt, designed for the from Byron's head after death ; the other a poleon III, and his counselors were in the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, has lock of silky, golden chestnut, unflecked with strong and skillful hands of Bismarek. been exhibited at the artist's studio in Berlin, a single thread of silver, though Madame de And, à propos of the late war, a French

. . It is asserted that the Parthenon at Ath- Boissy was sixty-five years of age when she gentleman who has recently made an extensive ens is being shockingly wrecked and ruined. severed it from the mass of her still-abundant tour through Alsace and Lorraine regretfully Tourists every season visit it, knock off limbs tresses to join it to Byron's in the gift for her informed me that, if the votes of the inhabiof statues, pull down portions of the frieze friend. She preserved most of the traits of tants of Alsace were now taken as to whether which Lord Elgin left, and, clambering up her wondrous beauty, her pearly teeth, her they would remain German or become French with hammer or stone, break off bits of the exquisitely-moulded shoulders, the grace and again, the majority in favor of Germany would Doric capitals. “How amazing," ex- winning charm of her manners, to the latest be immense. “Lorraine," he said, sighing, claims London Society, " is the taste for art ! hour of her life. She always wore around her “is more French in its proclivities, but alOn one single day could be counted up a pro- neck the miniature of Byron, and the greatest sace has become thoroughly Germanized.” gramme of no less than twenty-five distinct proof of affection that she ever gave to her The educational facilities, and the advantages picture-exhibitions !"... " The art of Black American friend was the permission to have offered to the Protestant religion by Prussinn and White,' says the Saturday Review, in its this miniature copied. While the work was rule, have probably had much to do with this notice of the London exhibition of works in progress she sat beside the easel, watching change in the public sentiment of the transin black and white,' may be said to assume and directing the progress of the pencil. This ferred province-Alsace being largely Protthree phases : first, that where 'black' pre- miniature lay on her heart when, an aged lady, estant. ponderates ; secondly, that where light pre- she was borne to her grave after a life which,

An exhibition of the works of art purvails ; lastly and best, the intermediate condi- apart from the one error of her youth, had chased by the city during the past year has tion, where the balance is struck between the been singularly noble and blameless. As the just been opened at the Ecole des Beaux Arts. two extremes. The English, as a rule, with Marquise de Boissy, she was a veritable queen The pictures are scarcely worth a visit, being timid, painstaking care, with small touches of society, and her receptions were celebrated mostly devotional subjects intended for the which deck out the subject prettily, play in a as being among the most brilliant and success- interior of certain churches. There is a very high key, and preserve as a means of light the ful ever held in Paris.

pre-Raphaelite-looking Corot representing the white ground of the paper. It can hardly be A lady who has just returned from a some- “Baptism of Christ.” Two large frescoes by said that they understand the language of chia- what lengthened sojourn in Florence teils me Lenepveu, representing scenes in the life of ro-oscuro in its whole compass from the zenith some items respecting the celebrated “ Ouida" St.-Ambroise, and intended for the church of light down to the depth of a darkness vis- (Miss de la Rame), who is at present residing of that name, show much power and talent. ible. On the other hand, the French often there in much style and splendor, occupying There is a fine painting of “Justice between begin with darkness, and so through twilight superb apartments, and driving out daily in an Guilt and Innocence," by Bonnnt, intended work their way into day; but even the day elegant open carriage. She is a woman some- for the ceiling of one of the halls in the Pathreatens rai and thunder. Such landscapes where on the shady side of forty, with abun- lais de Justice. Speaking of Bonnat, I hear are funereal. The works before us are for the dant yellow hair, but with no other preten- that the government has succeeded in purchasmost part partial and one-sided; they show sions to personal attractions, if we may ex- ing from Madame Pasca her splendid fullthe limit and monotony rather than the inim- cept a very small and shapely foot, which she length portrait by that artist, and it is to be itable variety of the method. We can only is extremely fond of displaying. She goes a placed in the Luxembourg. Two paintings by hope that another year this praiseworthy at- great deal into society among a certain set, Millet, and one by Jalabert, have also been retempt may find a more worthy fulfillment.” those conversant with Florentine social life cently added to that gallery. In the current number of the Fortnightly Re- being doubtless able to imagine which set I The Great American Circus, concerning view there is a very exhaustive piece of art- mean, She is very vain, more so of the per- which sundry rumors have been afloat for a exposition, description, and history, by Pro- sonal charms which she does not possess long time, is about to become an established fessor Sidney Colvin. It is all about a pave- than of the mental ones to which she has un- fact. Mr. Myers, the proprietor of the euterment; but a pavement wrought all over with deniably every claim. She is fond of attitu- prise in question, has leased the huge Magaimagery in engraved and inlaid marble-a pave- dinizing, and of getting herself up in all man- | sins Réunis, on the Place du Château d'Eau, ment like nothing else in the world, the pave- ner of picturesque costumes. The portraits and is to convert it into a circus forthwith. ment, in short, in the Church of Our Lady, in 1 published of her represent her at her best, and The building is of colossal proportions, and

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will seat, I should think, some twenty or thir- the home of the Comédie Française before the quaintances, upon the characteristics of difty thousand. Combined with the circus there first Revolution, but it is also one of the most ferent nations, my new friend descanted with is to be a menagerie, containing twelve ele- solidly built. There is talk of creating a sec- some humor upon this subject, and I followed phants and nine lions, with other beasts in due ond French Opera—that is to say, of reviving suit as well as I could. We had expended the proportion. The six chandeliers already or- the functions and ripertoire of the old Théâtre small artillery of our ridicule upon the foibles dered for the house are to cost one thousand Lyrique. As the Grand Opéra has so decid- of the people of nearly every country, exceptdollars each. Mr. Myers bas worthily inaugu- | edly run to seed on staircase and foyer, the ing always England and Switzerland

- as I rated his enterprise by subscribing two hun- idea is not a bad one. M. Arsène Houssaye is thought our respective fatherlands-we had dred dollars to the fund for the victims of the spoken of as its probable director if the enter- said smart and foolish things about Frenchinundation. John S. Clarke, our celebrated prise ever assumes definite shape.

men, Germans, Russians and Danes, Italians and favorite comedian, purposes coming all A work by M. le Vicomte de Beaumont- and Spaniards; and, as for Dutchmen, I said the way to Paris, from his country-seat at Vassy is shortly to be published by Sartori- they would be a great nation, in spite of their Boulogne-sur-Mer, to give a representation for ous, bearing the title of 6

Papiers Curieux canals and even their trousers, if it were not the same charitable object. If he can secure d'un Homme de Cour.” Some passages have for that story of the wooden nutmegs; it has & theatre he will come here toward the last of been quoted from its advance-sheets, among

made them absurd and shown them to be this inonth, bringing with him a complete which is stated the curious fact that the boat rogues the wide world over. 'Sir,' said my English company. Madame Patti, who was that conveyed the Duke de Nemours from acquaintance, with a sudden accession of digprevented by Mr. Gye from lending her aid to Boulogne to England, when the family of nity, 'I was born at Rotterdam !'Imagine the grand benefit performance for the inondés, Louis Philippe fled from France, in 1848,

the climax! Our author is very hard upon in London, has offered her services to M. Ha- brought back on its return-trip two passen- what he calls the “mere tourist-the ignorant, lanzier for a representation at the Grand Opé- gers, Prince Louis Bonaparte and M. de Per- conceited, incurious, moneyed tramp"_and be ra. Of course, her offer was eagerly accepted. signy. The prince, on hearing the news of thinks that, owing to the bad food in the less As she has no time at her disposal till the last the proclamation of the republic, had left Lon- frequented districts, the bad roads, etc., this of September, the benefit performance will don at once, and had taken the first boat he class of people—and their name is, unfortunot take place till early in October.

could find to bring him over. A: Amiens the nately, legion-would find it by no means It is highly probable that Mademoiselle Ai

train conveying the future Emperor of France pleasant to travel in the Peninsula; at the mée will not appear in Paris next winter, all missed the connection with the train for Paris, saine time, he says that those who would quireports to the contrary notwithstanding. Since and the travelers were forced to wait for some etly sojourn, either permanently or temporarily, her return from America, she has placed so time at the little station of Czersan, notwith- in a charming winter climate, should go there. high a value upon her services, and has put standing the feverish impatience of Louis Naon such airs, that managers find it hard to poleon. At last, word arrived that the train series of articles in Fraser on German Homecome to terms with her. Vizentini of the which they had missed by a few minutes only Life;" ergo, you may like to know the name Gaité tried to make arrangements with her to had met with a frightful accident, by which of their writer. It is the Countess von Bothcreate the leading character in “ The Journey some twenty or thirty persons had been killed. to the Moon,” which is to be the pièce de ré- The protecting star of Louis Napoleon had al- Will you allow me to mention, as a matter sistance at that theatre next winter. But the ready arisen.

of literary news (not, mind you, as an adverfascinating singer exacted, among other con- The road being thus incumbered, the party tisement), that my forthcoming mid-monthly, ditions, that her name in large letters should were forced to pass the night in this miserable the London Magazine, will contain some unbe placed at the head of the bill, that the village, where there was not even an inn. The published scenes – including a page in facpiece should not be termed a fairy-spectacle, prince, his confidant, and MM. Biesta and simile—from Edgar A. Poe's tragedy of“Poliand that she was to be allowed to alter or re- Aragon, passed the night in a wretched wine- tian?” These will be incorporated in an artifuse any morceaux of the music that did not shop, smoking and conversing about the great

cle on the play in question by Mr. John Insuit her. As Offenbach is to compose the mu- political change which had just taken place. gram,

who has within the last few weeks acsic, that last condition in particular was looked There, upon the wine-stained tuble, the prince quired possession of the original manuscript. upon as an impracticable one. So Mademoi- drew up his letter to the Provisional Govern- Mr. Ingram's edition of Poe has, I may tell selle Zulma Bouttar has been engaged in her ment, wherein,“ without any other ambition you here, sold remarkably well. The first five stead.

than that of serving his country, he offered hundred copies of the initial volume were Notwithstanding the season, a certain ac- his services to the republic.” Thus the very cleared out on publication day, and since then tivity is reigning at present at the Grand Opé- first utterance of the future emperor, in his there has been a steady demand for it and the ra. This is the period of the year when ambi- first steps toward the throne of France, was a others. tious singers from the provinces, and aspiring deliberate falsehood. LUCY H. HOOPER. The farewell dinner to Barry Sullivan came debutantes fresh from the hands of their teach

off, as I told you it would, on the 14th, and a ers, are admitted to the honors of a hearing be

very grand affair it was. The scene of it was fore the manager. It is whispered that several

the Alexandra Palace; and among those who important engagements have been in this way

OUR LONDON LETTER.

were there see, hear, eat, drink, and make already formed. A young tenor, M. Vitaux, The editor of the Nero Quarterly, Mr. John merry, were Mr. Benjamin Webster and Mr. who made a great sensation in “Guido e Gi- Latouche-otherwise, Mr. Oswald Crawfurd, W. Creswick, the authors; Mr. James Albery, Devia” last winter, at Bordeaux, is shortly to her majesty's consul at Oporto, as I think I the young dramatist; Mr. Charles Gibbon, the make his first appearance on the boards of the have already told you-has just issued through novelist; Mr. F. Maccabe, who amused you so Grand Opéra as Raoul, in “ Les Huguenots.” Messrs. Ward & Lock his “ Travels in Portu- much lately by his motley impersonations ; Another tenor, M. Valdejo, from Lyons, is in gal.” The volume consists of the articles on Mr. Joseph Hatton, Mr. Fiske's successor on treaty with the management. The new drama Portugal which he wrote for his magazine, and the Hornet ; and Mr. Ashby-Sterry, one of our of " Lea,” which was to have been performed a very interesting book do they form. Mr. very best essayists and writers of society at the Gymnase this week, has been indefi- Latouche tells us much about the character,

A live earl was actually in the chair nitely postponed, owing to the illness of Ma- superstitions, and manners and customs of the -the Earl of Dunraven, a member of the Savdemoiselle Tallandiera. It is said that this inhabitants—they are, he assures us, " well- age Club, by whom the dinner was organized fery and impassioned, but crude and unre- tempered and well-mannered” – and much -and his lordship, in proposing the toast of fined, actress is shortly to enter the Comédie about the agriculture of the country. He the evening, referred to the well-known trageFrançaise, and it is also whispered that she tells, too, more than one good story. Take dian in a most flattering-and, let me add, will owe her advancement to the powerful pro- this, for instance: “ A traveler should do even somewhat stilted-way: “ As an interpreter tection of Alexandre Dumas, who persists in more than speak French fluently; he should of the greatest intellect the world had ever seeing in her the great coming actress of the be able to discriminate between the accents seen, they would find it hard to name his Parisian stage. Mademoiselle Blanche Baret- and idioms with which other European na- equal, while no man living had done more to ta is shortly to appear at the Français in the tions speak it—no very difficult matter, and familiarize the people of his country, and of ríle of Victorine, in “Le Philosophe sans le ignorance of which once brought the present far-distant English-speaking lands, with the Savoir." That will be the third character writer into a somewhat awkward predicament. great works of Shakespeare.” So ran one of which she has assumed since she was trans- It was on the occasion of finding myself on the eari's sentences. After an address wishferred from the Odéon to these classic boards. board a large ocean-steamer. My cabin com- ing him prosperity and God-speed had been The Théâtre de l'Odéon itself is threatening panion was a very lively foreign gentleman, read, Mr. Sullivan, as the penny-a-liners have to tamble down, and extensive repairs of the whom I set down as a Swiss. We talked upon it, “then rose to respond.” He declared that foundations have been undertaken. It is one things in general, and, the conversation fall- he never felt happier in his life, that his feelof the oldest theatres in Paris, having been ing, as it always will fall between chance ac- ings were overwhelming, that he would not

Verses.

bore them with words, mere words; and then A second form of elevator, and one re- pushed or lifted up by hydraulic force. When he sat down.

cently described in these columns, is that a return is desired, a second movement of the Mr. Charles Gibbon is going to try his

wherein the motive power is obtained from a valve-rope shuts off the supply, at the same band at an English novel. The scene of it

weight. This weight is a bucket which, when time opening a valve by which an exit is will be laid in one of the most pleasant of our many pleasant English counties.

filled with water, is heavier than the elevator- made for the water, which in flowing out per

car with its full load. When the car is at mits the car to descend by its own gravity. Tennyson's "Queen Mary” is not selling at all well—for Tennyson. The "advance"

the top of the building, the water-bucket, The feature of this device, which will at once notice — and a fulsome one it was — in the which by its weight on the opposite end of attract attention, is the absence of all ropes, " leading journal” by no means did the book the pulley-rope caused it to ascend, is at the pulleys, or gearing, above the car, as the good. Puff preliminary seldom does. By- bottom. In order to descend, the conductor, whole motive power is applied from below. the-way, the Spectator, in its notice, is equally by means of a rope or rod, causes a valve in There is, of course, no need of a strengthened laudatory. It holds that the poet-laureate's the bucket below to open, through which the roof or danger from breaking ropes, etc. drama is a greater work than “ King Henry

water finds an exit until the VIII." of our Master Shakespeare. Fact!

bucket is lighter than the car, Listen to its concluding remarks : “ Certainly we should be surprised to hear that any true

which at once descends, thus critic would rate 'Queen Mary,' whether in

hauling the bucket up. Once dramatic force or in general power, below

at the top, the bucket is refilled "Henry VIII.,' and our own impression is with water from an adjacent that it is a decidedly finer work of dramatic tank till it is again sufficient. art." How the critics differ, to be sure! Here ly weighted to overcome the is the Graphio, uotwithstanding what the weight of the car. Thus, by Spectator says, declaring that Mr. Tennyson is

this process of filling and emptotally wanting in dramatic power, and that

tying, the ascent and descent the drama, as a drama, is a failure! Those

of the car are accomplished. are my sentiments also. I don't know how it is with you, but Joa

The water with which to supply quin Miller's “The Ship in the Desert” is

the reservoir is pumped up by being severely handled over here. The Athe- a special engine. In this case, næum's opening article the other day was de

as in that of the common rope. voted to its consideration. “Never before elevator, it is evident that the have we had occasion to read a poein so vague main dependence for strength in conception and execution," is the review

and safety is the rope, which in er's verdict. Then he goes on to point out

turn must be supported on pul. grave faults in its rhyme, rhythm, and similes. This, thinks he, is the best passage in the

leys fastened above.

In accordance with a purbook : "O thon to-morrow! Mystery!

pose already announced, we are O day that ever runs before !

prompted to give a descriptive What has thine hidden hand in store

account of a novel and what apFor mine, to-morrow, and for me? O thou to-morrow! what hast thou

pears to be a marked improveIn store to make me bear the now ?

ment on the two kinds of ele“O day in which we shall forget

vators above described. We The tangled troubles of to-day!

say that this “appears to be" O day that laughs at dans, at debts !

an improvement, by which it O day of promises to pay !

should be understood that, so O shelter from all present storm! O day in which we shall reform!

far as direct indorsement of

the new appliance goes, we are “O safest, best day for reform! Convenient day of promises !

ready to accept any criticisms Hold back the shadow of the storm.

which may be brought to our O blest to-morrow! Chiefest friend, notice, having in mind at pres

to Let not thy mystery be less,

ent the simple illustration of a But lead us blindfold to the end."

compact, simple, and certainly WILL WILLIAMS.

very ingenious adaptation of hy.

draulic power to the special pur,

This new form is known as the Tele

scopic Hydraulic Elevator, and A NEW HYDRAULIC ELEVATOR.

is the invention of Mr. Thursby. TI THE introduction of the elevator into our As suggested by the title, and

hotels, warehouses, commercial and made plain by the accompanyprivate buildings, etc., bids fair to effect a ing illustration, the motive pow. marked change in the architectural features er is derived from pumps, and of all modern cities. We have already taken applied through a series of occasion to notice at some length the general wrought - iron tubes, shutting character of this change, relating as it does into each other as do the tubes of a telescope. Whatever may be said as to the relative to the modification of “ground plans," and When at the lowest landing, the position of economy of the method, there can be no questhe relative value for business purposes of these tubes is that shown on the right of the tion as to its safety. lower and upper stories. With the general illustration. When an ascent is desired, the Although it is our main purpose to preprinciples of the ordinary passenger-elevator conductor, by means of the ordinary valve- sent this sketch as illustration of an ingeniour readers are familiar. A substantial and rope, opens the pipe leading from the pumps. ous adaptation of hydraulic force, yet a careoften richly-decorated car is drawn up and By this means a stream of water enters at the ful examination of several large elevators no lowered by means of wire ropes extending base of the lower or stationary tube, and at in operation convinces us that in practice, as over pulleys above, and attached to drums or once the upward pressure of the column of well as in theory, it is a success. pulleys below. These drums are caused to water causes the tubes to ascend. As the car building dow occupied by the Evening Post revolve by steam-engines specially adapted to is attached to or rests upon the upper or small. has adopted this device, which is now in conthe purpose.

er tube, it must ascend also, being literally | stant use, and the fact that twelve of them

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The new are " set up" in the new Post Office building not color with chlorine followed by ammonia-wa- the steamer on the docks in order to repair the is evidence that we are vot alone in com- ter. Fibre colors with an alcoholic solution of damage done by the collision with the Calais mending the invention to the attention of fuchsine (one-twentieth), and color resists wash- pier. As she must wait her turn, however, it those interested. Since, however, no archi.

ing. An aqueous solution of potash, or iodine is highly probable that several months will

and sulphuric acid, color the fibres BLUE-flax. tect will be likely to adopt so decided an in

elapse before she is again afloat. “We cannot

Does not dissolve in chloride of zinc. Does help thinking,” says the Engineer, " that these novation upon the old methods without a thor

not color with chlorine followed by ammonia-wa- two months might be more profitably employed ough personal examination, we are freed from

ter. Colors with a fuchsine solution, but colors in taking out the swinging-saloon, which, apany charge of favoritism in commending it to will not bear washing. Fibres do not turn yellow parently, will not swing, and decking her in. public attention. And we are certainly, from with potash-cotton.

A weight of over two hundred tuns being thus careful personal observation, prompted to " Dissolves PARTIALLY in chloride of zinc. removed, her designed draught might be obcommend this or any device which, like it, Partly blackened with salt of lead. Fibres which tained, and consequently greater speed and shows the mark of genius coupled with prac

remain insoluble in chloride of zinc may be part- better steering. Although the saloon is so far tical engineering skill and knowledge.

ly dissolved in potash solution ; those that resist a failure, the ship herself is admitted on all this second treatment may be dissolved with hands to be a success, as her low bows and

Schweitzer 8 reagent-mixture of wool, silk, and large bilge-keels give her comparative immuAxong the many different problems which cotton.

nity from both disagreeable rolling and pitchour complex system of custom-duties compels Dissolves PARTIALLY in chloride of zinc. | ing, and if the saloon were removed she would the official examiner to decide are those relat- Does not blacken with salt of lead. Picric acid be the quickest and most comfortable vessel ing to the constitution of the so-called mixed turns a portion of the fibre yellow, the rest re- on the Channel service.” Were it not for the fabrics : if the duty on wool be a given amount, maining white-mixture of silk and cotton. numerous evidences we have of the indomiwhile that on cotton is another, silk still an- Does not dissolve in chloride of zinc. Ni- table energy and zeal of the inventor, we should other, and so on throughout the whole list of tric acid colors a portion of the fibres, the rest re- be inclined to indorse the views of the Engitextile fibres, it is evident that, when fabrics maining whiteinixture of cotton and flax." neer; as it is, however, it may be as well to composed of indefinite mixtures of two or

withhold any adverse judgment until Mr. Besmore of these substances are entered at the The English Mechanic, referring to the rap- semer has himself admitted the failure of this custom-house, the question of “rate," though idly-increasing production of cheese and but- his pet scheme. So far as we can learn, no in itself a complicated one, must in all cases ter in Denmark, describes the system pursued test bas been made to disprove the principle depend on the question of relative quantity in certain recently-established schools of in- on which the oscillating saloon is built, and of constituents. Hence it is that chemists dustry. These schools receive government if the defects be merely those of mechanical and inicroscopists are constantly called upon aid, and their main design is to train the pu- construction, by no one can these defects be to aid the examiner in his work. Again, in pils in the several branches of dairy-manu- more certainly remedied than by the inventor this age of adulterations, the consumer is often, facture. Referring to M. Svendeen's school of the Bessemer steel process and the hyand with good reason, at a loss to know on the island of Zeeland, the report is as fol- draulic crane. #bether the material he is purchasing is “all lows : “ From 1st September to 1st November Fool," "all silk," or a mixture of cotton, etc. the establishment contains only girls, from Having recently briefly announced the dislo view of the general interest of these ques- 15th November to 1st August only lads, both covery of a boiling lake in the island of Dotions, and the importance to the community, classes entering the school at fifteen to eigh- minica, we would again refer to the subject, as well as the state, of a simple and sure meth- teen years of age. They pay about two pounds additional and interesting particulars having od of deciding them, certain eminent chemists a month for their board and education. The been received. Mr. H. Prestoe, Superintendhave made them the subject of long and thor- instruction is both practical and theoretical. ent of the Trinidad Botanic Gardens, having ough experiment. Though not designing to For two or three hours daily they receive les- | paid a visit to the lake, published an account Teview at length the course of these experi- sons in the keeping of accounts, dairy man- of his observation, from a report of which we ments, we are prompted to give the following agement, natural history; they are in- condense as follows: The lake lies in the concise summing up, as made by M. Pinchion, structed in the physiology of milch-cows, the mountains behind Roseau, and in the valleys and recently published in a French chemical action of the mammary glands, the food of surrounding it are many solfataras, or volcanic journal. Though in certain of the cascs no- cattle, etc.; and in the afternoon some time sulphur-vents. In fact, the boiling lake is litticed the services of the chemist may be re- is given to music and singing. The greater tle else than a crater filled with water, through quired, yet in many the method of detection part of the mornings, however, is devoted to which the pent-up gases find vent and are is so simple that it may be applied by those practical work in the dairy, where the students ejected. The temperature of the water ranges less familiar with the arts of the laboratory. are distributed to their allotted tasks of milk- from 180° to 190° Fahr. throughout the whole In the tests here given the process of detec- ing, making butter, cleaning utensils, prepar- extent. The points of actual ebullition change tion is shown in italics, to distinguish it from ing rennet, etc. About three to four hundred from time to time. Where this active action the substances experimented upon :

quarts of milk are treated daily, all the opera- takes place, the water is said to rise two, * Substances which dissolve ENTIRELY when tions are carefully explained, and the estab- three, and sometimes four feet above the left in a caustic lye of potash or soda-silk, mix- lishment is provided with the newest and best main surface, the cone often dividing so that ture of silk and wool, wool, phormium tenax, apparatus for dairy-work. The students en- the orifices through which the gas escapes are bemp, flax, cotton.

tering these schools (M. Svendeen has about three in number. This violent action of the ** Substances which dissolve PARTIALLY in the forty yearly of either sex) are chiefly sons and cones causes a general disturbance over the bimelye, fibres injured therebymixture of wool, | daughters of farmers and proprietors. They whole surface of the lake. Though these silk, and cotton, ditto silk and cotton, ditto come with a good previous education, and cones appear to be special vents, yet the sulcotton and flax.

generally leave the school with a real enthu- phurous vapors arise in nearly equal density “ Dixolces ENTIRELY in chloride of zinc cold; siasm for its pursuits. The success of the sys

over the full extent of the lake. There seems albiline solution blackens with a salt of lead- tem is such that many applicants have to be to be in no case any violent action of the essilk.

refused admission every year. Norway and caping gases, such as detonations or explo** Dissolres PARTIALLY, or not AT ALL, in Sweden are following the example of Den- sions. The water is of a dark-gray color, and chloride of zinc; soluble portion does not blacken mark.” Surely there is that in this announce- is highly charged with sulphur. As the outwith a salt of lead ; insoluble portion blackens ment to attract the attention of our Herkimer let of the lake is rapidly deepening, it is betrith the same-mixture of silk and wool. County readers, and by following the example lieved that soon the water must be drawn off,

Does not dissolve in chloride of zinc. Fibre of the Danish dairymen they will but artici- | after which it will assume the character of a reddens when treated successively with chlorine- | pate the inevitable course of things which geyser, or sulphurous crater. rester and ammonia-water. Reddens also with makes the establishment of more technical sitric acid or perocide of nitrogen-phormium and special schools a foregone conclusion. It is probable that we shall be soon able to tenax,

announce the worthy triumpb, on foreign soil * Does not disolve in chloride of zinc. Does ACCORDING to recent advices, the saloon- and among foreign competitors, of a worthy est color when treated successively with chlorine steamer Bessemer, an illustrated description American invention. From unofficial sources, and ammonia water. Fibre colors with an al- of which recently appeared in these columns, we learn that in a great trial of railway-brakes cholic solution of fuchsine (one - twentieth), has been made fast to the Millwall docks, in England the Westinghouse Air-Brake gave which color resists washing. Fibre turns YELLOW where it is made to serve as a kind of mechan- the best results throughout the series of exthen treated with an aqueous solution of potash, ical museum, visitors being permitted to view periments. As there seems every reason to or with iodine and sulphuric acid-hemp. the " cabin that did not work," at the rate of believe that this trial was a thorough und im

"Does not dissolve in chloride of zinc. Does one shilling a head. It is proposed to place | partial one, the otficial report is awaited with

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interest, and, should it confirm the generally- | above the natural dislike of appearing to some deed, of late years, arisen a certain ambition accepted opinion, the victory of the Westing- disadvantage, he knows in the first place that on the part of actors, and a demand on the house brake will be as signal as it is deserved. the English public cares little for an ensemble, part of certain audiences, which may be said In view of these facts, the question naturally and in the second place that the majority of to be leading our drama into the region of huarises, Why are our own railway companies so the audience will only see him in that unwor- morous realism and high comedy ; nor is it slow to recognize and adopt so important an thy part, and consequently will form an erro- without significance that this movement should improvement? to which we suppose the an- neous idea of his capabilities. It is other- have been coincident with an almost comswer must be given, “ It won't pay."

wise with the German actor. He knows that plete extinction of the passionate and ideal

the public expects and cares for an ensemble, draina; but without making invidious mention In a recent paper on Anæsthetics,"

and he desires the general success of the per- of a few exceptions, it is simple justice to say Prévost states that when the sleep produced

formance, as each individual in an orchestra | that the efforts of our stage in this direction by chloroform has continued so long that it is

desires that the orchestral effect should be are but trivial beside the German, and men dangerous to administer more chloroform, the

perfect. He knows, moreover, that the same with us gain a reputation as natural actors' anæsthetic state may be safely prolonged by people who to night see him in an inferior for mimetic qualities which would be quite the injection of small quantities of morphine

part saw him last week, or will see him next ordinary in Berlin, Dresden, Vienna, or Weiunder the skin. It is also said that, if mor

week, in the very best parts of his repertory. phine be first injected, a much smaller dose of

He has, therefore, little to lose and much to One excellence noticeable on the German chloroforın suffices to produce insensibility.

gain by playing well an inferior part. Fur- stage is the presentation of character in its inAmong the special attractions of the com

ther, his payment is usually regulated by the dividual traits, with just that amount of acing Geographical Congress at Paris will be times of performance.

centuation which suffices to make it incisive an exhibition of the large map of France, exe

Be the reasons what they may, the result and laughable, yet restrains it from running cuted by staff-officers of the French Army. As

is that always at a German Hof-Theater one is over into extravagance and unreality. originally prepared, it was in sheets, which,

sure of the very best ensemble that the company when joined together, will form a continuous

can present; and one will often receive as sheet, or panorama, of immense size.

The anticipated production of Tennyson's The

much pleasure from the performance of quite map will be reduced by a photo-microscopic insignificant parts as from the leading parts

“Queen Mary" on the English stage leads on other stages. process.

The actors are thoroughly the London Daily News into a few suggestive trained : they know the principles of their art

comments on the historical drama:
-a very different thing from knowing “the
Miscellany :

business !” They pay laudable attention to In producing Mr. Tennyson's “ Queen Ma

one supremely important point recklessly dis- ry,” Mrs. Bateman, who in coöperation with her NOTEWORTHY THINGS GLEANED HERE

regarded on our stage, namely, elocution. late husband has done so much to restore the AND THERE.

They know how to speak — both verse and poetic drama to the theatre, will only continue, prose: to speak without mouthing, yet with as it were, the tradition of the English stage,

effective cadence; speech elevated above the and add another to the chronicle plays which E select from Mr. Lewes's “ On Actors

tone of conversation without being stilted. are, some of them, the finest and almost all and the Art of Acting" a few para- How many actors are there on our stage who among the most useful” works of Shakegraphs in regard to his impressions of the

have learned this? How many are there who speare. People who know English history drama in Germany:

suspect the mysterious charm which lies in only through their Shakespeare know it by no

rhythm, and have mastered its music? How means badly. The poet who outdid all anIn the course of a few weeks' ramble in many are there who, with an art which is not tiquity, and before whom all future time is Germany this summer (1867) I had but rare apparent except to the very critical ear, can abashed, was not provided with the modern opportunities of ascertaining the present con- manage the cadences and emphases of prose,

critical apparatus.

He knew nothing of dition of the dramatic art, although during so as to be at once perfectly easy, natural, yet searches in the register-office, the records of the last thirty years I have from time to time incisive and effectivo? The foreigner, whose Simanca were far out of his way, the pictorial been fortunate enough to see most of the best ear has been somewhat lacerated by the dread- pages of Holinshed and Stowe and Froissart actors Germany has produced. Now, as of ful intonations of common German speech, is served his turn. To these authorities Shakeold, there is a real respect for the art, both in surprised to find how rich and pleasant the speare must have added a wide acquaintance the public and in the actors; and at each the- language is when spoken on the stage; the with the oral traditions of the English monatre we see that striving after an ensemble so truth being that the actors have learned to archy, which were no doubt much more lively essential to the maintenance of the art, but speak, and are not perunitted to call themselves at his date than in the later centuries. Engwhich everywhere else except at the Théâtre actors at a Hof-Theater until they have con- lish history before Shakespeare's time was Français is sacrificed to the detestable star quered those slovenly and discordant intona- very personal, the wild passions of Plantagesystem. In Germany we may see actors of tions which distort the speech of vulgar men. nets and Tudors left a deep mark in the poputhe first eminence playing parts which in I was made more than ever sensible of this re- lar memory. Kings and queens were great England and America would be contemptuous- finement of elocution by having passed some travelers, nowise chary of showing themselves ly rejected by actors of third-rate rank; and weeks in a retired watering-place wholly in- to their people; and their people, having no the "condescension," so far from lowering habited by Germans of the tradesman class, reading and writing to impair their memories, the fuvorite in the eyes of the public, helps to whose voices and intonations so tormented me and being deeply interested in their willful increase his favor. I remember when Emil that I began to think the most hideous sound lords and masters, would long retain traits of Devrient, then a young man, came to play in Nature was the cackle of half a dozen Ger- their character. Any one who should set to Hamlet at Berlin, as a "guest," the great

To hear the women on the work now to write a tragedy on George 1.tragedian, Seydelmann (the only great trage- stage after that was like hearing singing after and though the idea at first seems absurd, dian in my opinion that Germany has had

there is well-known matter for a tragedy in during the last quarter of a century), under- Next to excellence of elocution, which the story of Sophia Dorothea-would find no took the part of Polonius. It was one of those forms the basis of good acting, comes the ex- help in popular memory. All the breath almemorable performances which mark an epoch cellence of mimingthe expression of charac- most has gone out of oral tradition, and the in the playgocr's life. Such a revelation of There are three great divisions of mi- facts of a new historical drama must be carethe character, and such maestria of execution, metic art: first, the ideal and passionate; sec- fully collected from printed histories, from the one can hardly hope to see again. Had he ondly, the humorous realism of comedy; and opinions of the best scholars, and from a critiplayed Laertes (and he would doubtless have lastly, the humorous idealism of farce. In cal comparison of facts. It is difficult to give consented to play it had there been any advan- the first and last divisions the German stage life to an historical play thus painfully and statage in his doing so), he would still have been seems poorly supplied at present. But in the diously pieced together. Yet if the English the foremost figure of the piece. At any rate second division there is much excellence. And stage is ever to resume its old functions of he would have been the great actor, and the I remember this to have been always the teaching to the people the people's history, it favorite of the Berliners.

case: tragic or poetic actors are rare, their is by the critical method that the historian And here it is only fair to add, in extenua- power over the emotions fitful, but comic act- must work. This is the great disadvantage tion of the English actor's resistance against ors are abundant, though seldom successful that Mr. Tennyson has had to struggle with, sacrificing his amour propre to the general in the riotously and fantastically humorous. and has encountered, it may be said, with no good, that if he obstinately declines to appear Now precisely in this division, wherein Ger- dubious success.

Our generation, which is in a part unworthy of his powers or his rank many displays greatest power, England has at nothing if not critical, has done good work in in the profession, he does so because over and all times been most feeble. There has, in- historical criticism. Old tales are weighed,

man women.

a sermon.

ter.

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