תמונות בעמוד
[ocr errors]


chanan has an article on “ The Modern Stage,”
which is full of personalities. He falls foul of
our dramatic critics; he falls foul of more than
one of the London managers—for instance, he
declares that Nature clearly intended Mr. Chat-
terton to manage a hippodrome instead of a
theatre; and he falls foul of certain of our
dramatists. The playwright for whom he has
the greatest admiration is seemingly Mr. Wills;
him he rightly calls “ an exceedingly clever
tbough undoubtedly careless writer.” No;
after all he has a greater admiration for Mr.
Gilbert; him he describes as the English Ar-
istophanes, adding-and I believe you will
agree with the remark-that “no living writer
has his” (Mr. Gilbert's)“ originality, and no
living writer has his quiddity.” Mr. Gilbert's
burlesque of the “Happy Land," Mr. Bu-
chanan further believes to be “the primest
political satire of this generation.” Of Mr.
Toin Taylor, too, our critic speaks kindly, but
holds that, though he is the author of some of
the very brightest pieces of the day, he is
ofttimes" "too consciously theatrical.”
far, praise in the main; but our poet does not
go on in this strain for long. When he comes
to consider Mr. Boucicault's claims to be called
& dramatist, he grows angry indeed. “It is
clear," remarks he, “that when the stage se-
cured a Boucicault, literature lost a Close;"
the famous bald-headed actor-author can only
be described, in short, as “the Shakespeare
of the New Cut and Seven Dials." As to Mr.
John Oxenford, the dramatic critic of the
Times, our irascible poet belabors him sound-
ly, certain as he is in his own mind that he
(Mr. Oxenford) has no wish to raise the drama,
for, if he had, asks Mr. Buchanan, would he
be a " producer of stuff merely written for the
market? Mr. Oxenford,” continucs he, so
that there shall be no possibility of his being
misunderstood, “writes too many worthless
plays to be a trustworthy reporter of the mod-
ern theatre for the leading newspaper in the

There is a good deal more of a similar kind anent other notabilities, the result of all which is that Mr. Buchanan is being “hauled over the coals” by the whole of our periodical press. Fortunately, he is used to that kind of thing, and bears it in the coolest way possible. But I opine that when his next play is produced (he mustn't ask Mr. Chatterton to bring it out !), he will be paid back with interest.

I mentioned the “poet” Closc just now. What an eccentric old man he is! Lord Palmerston, you will remember, got him placed on the Civil List, when up came a dozen people-many of them disappointed authors themselves—to prove that Mr. Close was not a poet at all-that, in fact, he could not write half a dozen lines grammatically. And so it really is. His verses are the merest doggerel, yet he makes money out of them by chronicling notable events and praising (in print) the loveliness of the rich ladies and the generosity of the rich lords who visit him at the little bookstall which he keeps at Kirkby-Stephen, rear Lake Windermere. He is constantly forwarding a minute account of his movements to me for publication ; poor mun! he seems to think all the world is interested in them. Now it is to say that Lady Broadacres has given him a sovereign; anon to announce that he is about to dedicate some verses to my Lord of Woodsland. His last letter is to the effect that he is writing a grand epic poem” (the words are his own) on—whom do you think? Why, on Captain Boyton, who, it appears, is about to visit the lakes. Further, he assures me that, though in his sixtieth year, he is (horribile

dictu :) " composing impromptu verses every * Come, fill we to the brim each cup,

And froth it up, boys, froth it up! Here is an anecdote anent Mr. H. J. Byron Here's Ireland o'er the deep blue sea! -whose “ Our Boys” and “ Weak Women

Here's Ireland's pride, the Vanithce!" are still running merrily at the Vaudeville and I don't think I ever mentioned that Mr. Strand respectively-which has never appeared William Black, the novelist, is a most ardent in print: Years ago a new piece of his (I for- sportsman. He is, though, and your readers get the name of it) was produced at Liverpool. may like to know it. There are few better It was somewhat “slow," for at that time Mr. shots. Almost every year he hies to the Byron was trying his "'prentice-hand.” The Scotch moors, and does terrible execution audience began to show signs of impatience, among the feathery tribe. and just as a few hisses were becoming audi- Mr. Irving made a rather telling speech on ble, a sawing sound was heard. “What was the occasion the other day of the thirtieth anthat, Byron ?” asked the manager, who was nual festival of the Royal General Theatrical standing beside the young dramatist, at the Fund. He presided, and was supported by side-wings. “Oh,” replied Mr. Byron, “I Signor Salvini among others. After telling suppose it's the carpenters cutting down the his audience that some twenty years ago he, piece!” Mr. Byron, by-the-way, is always then quite a boy, might have been seen standsaying witty things in conversation-just as ing by the door of the London Tavern (where Mr. Albery is. If their remarks were judi- the present festival was held), watching eager ciously taken down, I have no doubt they ly the guests as they assembled for the Fund's could be made to contribute pot a little to the dinner, he candidly admitted that he could not success of some new comedy.

make so eloquent an appeal for the charity as The Pall Mall Gazette (which is edited, I had many of his predecessors. “I am unable may tell you, by Mr. Frederick Greenwood, to draw gold by my glowing words," added the brother of James Greenwood, the “ Ama- he. “Eloquence such as theirs, the true phiteur Casual") has just done a very kindly losopher's stone, I don't possess.” Then he thing. It has called attention in glowing went on to show that “actors are a proverbialterms to a little volume of patriotic verses ly benevolent and open-handed race. They written by a humble Irishman, one Mr. O'Con- certainly have a great temptation to live well," or. Mr. O'Conor is, it seems, a working-man remarked he, " and I remember a famous cosettled at Deptford, and is at present trying to median once saying to me, “Sir, when I play gain a very minor post in our school board. Charles Surface I dine off the liver-wing of a That he has considerable poetic instinct is cer- chicken, moistened by a bumper of sparkling tain. Take, for example, his “ Backwoods Burgundy.' Artistic instincts," he continued,

" are frightfully opposed to business habits. “We camp beneath the tall pines,

Remember, ladies and gentlemen, I am not We're trappers true and tried ;

speaking of the fortunate London actor with From early dawn till shadows fall,

his smug room here, his comfortable cottage O'er hills and dales we ride.

there, and a handy little sum at his banker's. At evening in the clearing

I am speaking of the poor country actor who, Dear Ireland's hills we see,

on twenty - five or thirty shillings a week Where freedom fell through striking well

(when he can get it) to fulfill an engagement, For God and Country.

has to journey from Aberdeen to Plymouth, “The shades of night are falling,

who has to play lords, dukes, and electors and But light or shade fails to blind

Counts Palatine, and dress them all himself;
The broken-hearted exile
From the land he left behind.

who has, perhaps, to exist four, five, or six But a truce to grief! Let's pledge

months out of the twelve, chameleon-like, on Every home and altar free!

air, and perhaps with a wife and several And be our boast, our backwoods toast- small children. How is this unfortunate being For God and Country!

to put by for the rainy day? And if the man ** For God and Country!

be earnest and a student, he must speud For God and Country!

money in artistic work. He wants a wig for Boys, be onr toast and proudest boast, this, and shoes and buckles for that ; in short, For God and Country!"

every thing that has been worn since clothes Is not that very inspiriting? I can fancy I

were invented. And all this on twenty-five hear that chorus given by half a dozen brawny shillings a week! He must try and look the Irish immigrants. How it would echo among

character he acts, and the inore artistic the the pines! Again, the following lines on

man's mind, and the more fastidious his taste, “ The Vanithee," a good old housewife, have

the more is be tempted to be what the thoughtsurely the true lilt:

less call extravagant."

Mr. Irving's words had much effect, as was “Let some go praise our maidens fair

shown by the large sum subscribed then and To me a jewel rich and rare,

there for the institution. A right modest A gem, a priceless gem to me,

man is he; but he is by no means a good afterIs Ireland's pride, the Vanithee.

dinner speaker. Like Miss Cushman, he car“When winter nights were cold and long, ries the theatrical intonation into private life. Who chcered our hearts with jest and song

WILL WILLIAMS. Till laughter shook the old roof-tree ?

Oh, who but Ireland's Vanithee.
“Who oft on feast of Hallowe'en

Made glad the heart of each colleen,
And burned the nuts? 'He'll cross the sea,'
And 'She'll get wed,' said Vanithee.

THE BOYTON-MERRIMAN LIFE"'Twas sad from Erin'a hills to part,

But oh, what mostly broke my heart

"ITH the story of Captain Boyton and And made it grieve to exiled be

his adventurous voyage across the Was parting with the Vanithee.

British Channel, our readers are familiar. “She's dear to me, and, by the day!

Clad in his Merriman's life-saving suit, this
You may believe the words I say:
Were I a king, a queen should be

bold swimmer paddled himself from Boulogue My dear old, brave old Vanithee.

in France to Folkestone on the English coast

Science, Invention, Viscovery.

[ocr errors]

in twenty-four hours, the distance traversed demand an extended description. A brief ending in a suitable cock and mouth-piece, being over twenty-five miles. So universal reference, however, to certain special points is attached. By means of these the wearer was the popular interest manifested in the may serve to render the design more plain. can inflate all or any of the desired sections.

The inflation is simply a process of blowing up. Hence, should there be any slight es

cape of air, it can be readily replaced even

FIG.2 in the water. As the only exposed portion FIG./

of the body is the face, or at least that small part of it which includes the eyes, nostrils, and mouth, the only line wbere there is any need of compression is that which marks the boundary of this space. This is effected by means of a light but strong elastic band, wbich fits closely over the space indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. 2. Should it be deemed advisable to leave the hands exposed, a similar band about the wrists ac. complishes this result.

As it is not improbable that an assortment of these suits will soon become a feat. ure of every steamer's furniture—as are now the well - known though rarely-serviceable cork life-preservers-a careful examination of their form and methods of use may yet prove of practical value to our readers ; and, as we are instructed, as a feature of wise statesmanship, that in times of peace we prepare for war, so it may not be amiss that the hour of safety be made, by means of this and like observations, to serve us in preparing for that danger which awaits all who 'go down to the sea in ships."

[ocr errors]

The following facts, as given by the Virginia Enterprise, will doubtless prove suggestive to those who are interested in certain problems in the department of terrestrial physics. We were permitted to present recently certain interesting facts regarding the retention of frost by rocks and along rocky strata, and, in the following facts, it seems demonstrated that when unexplored, or under pressure, rocks may be made to retain heat for great periods of time: "On the 30th of October last, about two o'clock in the afternoon, the large, new air-shaft of the Belcher mine, then completed to the one-thousand-foot level, took fire and was destroyed. The timber of the shaft

all burned out and the rock fell in and blocked success of this venture, that the story to its Fig. 1 represents the swimmer or ship it up. After mature deliberation, it was thought minutest details has already been made pub- wrecked passenger in full outfit, and ready that it would be better and cheaper to sink a lie. In addition to these descriptive accounts, to jump or be cast overboard; while the sec

new shaft than to try to clear out the old one,

so badly were the sides caved and so great many of our contemporaries have published tional view given in Fig. 2 best illustrates

was the quantity of rock that had fallen into picturesque illustrations of this living sea- the peculiarities of construction, the method it. The new shaft was sunk a short distance craft—now battling with the rough sea, now of inflation, etc. Referring to this latter to the west of the old one. It has now reached reposing for rest on the very crest of the figure, it will be observed that the rubber a point near the one-thousand-foot level, where waves, and again dashing along under full suit is in reality two suits, the one inclosing it will be continued down an incline. The insail before the wind. Even the "noontide the body closely, while the other, fitting over cline was started at the one - thousand - foot meal” was partaken of by the swimmer, this loosely, leaves at intervals open spaces level, and carried up to meet the vertical porwith his head resting upon an inflated cush-or air-chambers. These, when inflated, are

tion of the shaft. The course of this incline ion, and his paddle fastened at his side. sufficiently buoyant to sustain the inclosed

carried it through the remains of the old verti

cal shaft; but, as soon as it was tapped, the While these illustrations were truthful, no body upon the surface of the waves. The

men found that they could do nothing in it on doubt, and served their purpose in conveying suit, which is of stout rubber cloth, consists

account of the ashes, burnt earth, and rocks, to the reader the possibilities of the life-sav. of two parts—jacket and pantaloons, secured that poured down into their incline. A tunnel ing dress, they yet failed to present any clear at the waist by a belt. Besides these two was run until it had reached a point a short idea of the peculiarities of its construction, grand divisions, there are, in the jacket, sev- distance west of the old shaft, when a vertical its actual form, and the method of its adjust- eral lesser ones, formed by the stitching or upraise was made to the line of the proposed ment. For these reasons we are prompted to fastening together of the outer and inner incline to be run up to meet the new shaft. refer, after this lapse of time, to the subject, coats. By this means separate air-sacks are

The men then began to work down on the in order to lay before our readers, aided by formed, one in front and the other behind,

incline in order to reach the point from which

they were driven in trying to come up. They suitable descriptions, the accompanying out- while that portion extending along the back

have succeeded in getting into the bottom of line drawings of Boyton or any other swim- of the neck and head is also separated, and

the old shaft, where, much to their surprise, mer equipped in the Merriman suit. Origi- when inflated acts as a pillow.

they found the rock still red-hot. In trying to nally prepared for the English Mechanic, The process of inflation is a simple one. put in timbers they were set on fire, and in these drawings are so clear as hardly to To each division or air-sack a rubber tube, order to work at all it is found necessary to

[ocr errors]

bring a line of hose into the place and play a ganized as a geographical society, it is the evi- | As the main purpose of this and all kindred stream of water upon the rocks wedged in the dent purpose of its president to embrace in its processes is merely to exclude the air and probottom of the old shaft. There is no timber service all departments of physical inquiry. tect the surface from the approach of spores, on fire among the rocks. They seem to have Nor would it be strange should the Egyptians it is surprising that this method has not bebeen heated to a degree so intense at the time —so long distinguished as lovers of the mar- fore suggested itself. Paraffine is an article of the fire, that they have remained red-hot ever velous—under this new tutelage again come to so readily obtained and applied that a test of since. When we find so small a mass of rocks the front, directing their labors in more legiti- this statement might readily be made. as can be contained in the bottom of a shaft mate channels, instead of wasting them, as remaining hot for over five months, after hav- heretofore, in attempting to solve the myste

M. von Hulle, chief gardener of the Boing been heated to whiteness, should we be ries of Nature by reading the stars, or exacting

tanical Gardens at Ghent, having observed incredulous on being assured by scientists that the secret of life from the alembic and elixir.

the buoyant power of the leaves of the Victhe centre of the earth, once a molten mass

toria regia, was led to test this power, which of rock, still remains in a molten state after

The increase in the number of "gas-wells” he accomplished by loading one of the leaves untold ages? Nearly three years after the opened throughout the petroleum regions is

with bricks. By this means he found that the great fire in the Yellow-Jacket mine, places leading to active inquiries as to the possible single leaf was able to sustain a weight of were found in the lower levels where the rock service they may be made to render. It is be- seven hundred and sixty-one pounds. was still red-hot." lieved that, could this natural gas be all util

ALREADY the honors of a discoverer and pubized, it would rival in value the oil itself.

lic benefactor are being granted to M. De la The dreaded Colorado beetle, the history, Already in certain cities and towns natural gas

Bastie, the inventor of the process of toughenform, and habits of which were made the sub- is made to render service as an illuminator, ject of a recently - illustrated article in the and in the oil-regions it is often used as fuel

ing glass, recently described in the JOURNAL. JOURNAL, has at length, as then predicted, beneath the boilers of the drilling and pump

The jury of the French Central Society of

Horticulture have awarded to him a large gold made its appearance along our Eastern coasts. ing-engines. We learn from the National Oil

medal “ on account of the services his discovIn New Jersey and Eastern New York this Journal that a gas-well near Sarversville, in the Butler oil-regions, flows with a pressure

ery is likely to render to horticulture." attractive features of a Fulton-Street seed-store of three hundred pounds to the square inch, IN a brief communication in Silliman's is a little glass cage of the beetles, alive and and is roughly estimated to yield a million Journal on the “ Rate of Growth in Corals," active. In all respects they correspond with

cubic feet of gas a day. It is proposed to lay Professor Joseph Le Conte advances the opinour description, and, guided by that, no reader

a six-inch pipe from this well to Pittsburg, a ion, supported by personal observation, that need fail to recognize the presence of the in

distance of about seventeen miles, and thus to the annual growth of madrepore-points in the vaders. “It is an ill wind that blows no good," supply manufacturing establishments of this Gulf of Mexico is not more than three and however, and hence the manufacturers of Paris- city with gaseous fuel. In the present connec- one-half or four inches a year. green are driving a brisk trade in this danger- tion, we would note the discovery of a similar ous poison, regarding the efficacy of which gas-well in Kansas. It was opened by work

The two new asteroids discovered by Proopinions are divided. In the mean time the men digging for coal at Wyandotte, and the

fessor C. H. Peters on the night of June 3d march is still eastward, and already our Eng- gas which escapes daily is estimated at a quar

last, have been christened 6 Vibilia " and lish neighbors have taken fright, and are start- ter of a million cubic feet. Though often im

Adeona," Nos. 144 and 145. The magnitude ing measures to repel the invaders should they pure in its natural state, this gas may be sub

of the former is estimated at the 10th, and of succeed in landing on their shores. The Pres- mitted to special purifying processes, by which

the latter the 11.5th. ident of the Entomological Society, in his re- it is rendered available for ordinary illuminat

Professor Baeyer, of Strasburg, has been cent anniversary address, directs attention to ing purposes.

appointed to the professorsliip of Chemistry the subject as follows: " The Colorado potatobeetle is an enemy whose rapid advances tow

MR. MACLEAY, whose zeal and generosity

at Munich-a post which has remained vacant ard the shores of the Atlantic are a menace to in the cause of science we have already com

since the death of Liebig. Europe. When once established on the sea

mended, has entered actively upon the organiboard, they may wing their way to vessels in

zation of his projected expedition to New Guinport, being accustomed to fly in swarms, and For this purpose he has fitted out at

Miscellany : may thus be borne over to found a colony in

New Sydney a four-hundred-ton man-of-war,

which vessel will be transformed into an ex- NOTEWORTHY THINGS GLE.NED HERE this country, irrespective of conveyance with

ploring and supply ship. Though he anthe tubers ihemselves. Agricultural and hor

AND THERE. ticultural societies should make provision

nounces as his chief object the enriching of for the dissemination of correct informahis natural history collection, yet the fact that

TRON a tion respecting these insects; and specimens of the beetles themselves should be obtained the party proves that this generous patron of

just published in London (being in the science has in mind a broader service than the main, however, a collection of papers that for distribution, with the view to fainiliarize

personal one he gives forth. There will be persons with their aspect, and to prevent their

bave appeared in the periodicals), we derive diffusion.” It will be seen that the English

instituted an extensive series of deep - sea authorities advise a course of proceeding which dredging, in addition to which the rivers of the

the following just comments on a well-known we have already adopted, and should our read

country will be ascended by means of a steam- complaint current among actors :

launch. ers have listened to the warnings already given

It is thought a hardship that great actors in them, we doubt not they have been aided in

It is announced that Seth Green, having quitting the stage can leave no monument an early recognition of the enemy. failed by persuasion and argument to induce

more solid than a name. The painter leaves the North River fishermen to leave their nets

behind him pictures to attest his power; the The Egyptian Geographical Society, recent- open for one day in the week so as to allow

author leaves behind him books; the actor ly organized under the patronage of his high- the shad to pass up the river, has at last re

leaves only a tradition. The curtain falls-the ness the khédive, with Dr. Schweinfurth as sorted to a novel expedient whereby this rea

artist is annibilated. Succeeding generations president, has entered at once upon an active sonable demand may be enforced. This con

may be told of his genius; none can test it. and promising career. The khédive has placed sists in hatching and turning into the seine

All this I take to be a inost misplaced sorat the disposal of the society a handsome suite infested river forty thousand young sturgeon.

With the best wishes in the world I oť apartments, furnished in suitable style, in- It is claimed that, when these have grown to a

cannot bring myself to place the actor on a cluding a valuable library, having also headed sufficient size, they will find a way along this

level with the painter or the author. I cannot the subscription-list with an endowment-fund water-course or make one by breaking the nets.

concede to the actor such a parity of intellectoftwo thousand dollars a year. In his inaugural Should this new ally prove as stanch a one as

uai greatness; while, at the same time, I am address, Dr. Schweinfurth referred to geograph- is predicted, the fishermen will have occasion forced to remember that, with inferior abiliical research as follows: “It has become an

to regret their stubborn refusal to listen to the ties, he secures far greater reward, both of immense domain, the meeting - place of all entreaties of the veteran fish-culturist.

pudding and praise. It is not difficult to asbranches of human science. The geography

sign the causes of an actor's superior reward, of the present does not aim at merely describ- .It is stated that eggs may be preserved for both in noisy reputation and in solid guineas. ing the form of the earth or the vesture which a long time by simply dipping them in paraf- He amuses. He amuses more than the most it has assuined ; it seeks to show the chain of fine. Great care must be taken to procure amusing author. And our luxuries always bidden causes of which this form is the ex- fresh eggs, as this treatment will not serve to cost us more than our necessities. Taglioni pression." It thus appears that, though or- check decompositiov after it has once begun. or Carlotta were better paid than Edmund


several naturalists have been invited to join FROM a volume by George Henry Lewes,


[ocr errors]

Kean or Macready; Jenny Lind better than Unless some one will tell me in sober grav- and called in Tate and Colman to give him a both put together.

ity (what is sometimes absurdly said in ful- lively ending for “ King Lear.” But while the dramatic artist appeals to a some dinner-speeches and foolish dedications) The grand days of the drama are often talked larger audience, and moves them more forcibly that the actor has a “kindred genius" with of with reverence, when Johnson, Burke, and than either painter or author, owing to the the poet whose creations he represents, and Goldsmith, were the frequenters of the theaVery nature of his art, a very slight acquaint- that in sheer intellectual calibre Kean and tre, and Garrick was the tragedian; but they ance with acting and actors will suffice to Macready were nearly on a par with Shake- were actually the grand days of the player show there can be no parity in the rank of a speare, I do not see what cause of complaint as opposed to those of the poet. It Garrick's great painter and a great actor. Place Kean can exist in the actor's not sharing the posthu- taste is to be judged by the tragedies brought beside Caravaggio (and, though I select the mous fame of a Shakespeare. His fame while upon the stage during his time, it must be greatest actor I have known, I take a third- he lives surpasses that of almost all other men. pronounced low, indeed. Before this period rate painter, not wishing to overpower the ar- Byron was not so widely worshiped as Kean. there had been at least a great deal of literary gument with such names as Raphael, Michel Lawrence and Northcote, Wilkie and Mul- merit engaged in dramatic productions which angelo, Titian), and ask what comparison can ready, what space did they fill in the public prevented them from being totally worthless. be made of their intellectual qualifications ? eye compared with Young, Charles Kemble, Eminent authors, although they did not prove Or take Macready, and weigh him in the scale or Macready? Surely this renown is ample! themselves to be eminent dramatists, yet scatwith Bulwer or Dickens.

If Macready share the regret of his friends, tered through their plays some sparks of talThe truth is, we exaggerate the talent of an and if le yearn for posthumous fame, there is ent: it would be impossible to read Addison's setor because we judge only from the effect he yet one issue for him to give the world assur- " Cato" without the conviction that its writer produces, without inquiring too curiously into ance of his powers. Shakespeare is a good was no common man-singularly accomplished the means. But, while the painter has noth- raft whereon to float securely down the stream even in tedium ; or to peruse Rowe's “ Jane ing but his canvas, and the author has nothing of time; fasten yourself to that and your in- Shore” without regretting that its author had but white paper and printer's ink with which mortality is safe. Now, Shakespeare must not sufficient sensibility and imaginative powto produce bis effects, the actor has all other have occupied more of Macready's time and er to produce as good a drama as he could a arts as baudmaids; the poet labors for him, thought than any other subject. Let fruits be stage-play ; but there is nothing to hope or creates his part, gives him his eloquence, his given. Let us have from him an edition of fear from Garrick's pet writers. music, his imagery, his tenderness, bis pathos, Shakespeare, bringing all his practical expe- Among these, William Whitehead, the lauhis sublimity; the scene-painter aids him; rience as an actor to illustrate this the first of reate, produced his feeble “ Roman Father;" the costumes, the lights, the music, all the dramatists. We want no more black-letter. then Mr. Crispe, known in Madame d'Arblay's fascination of the stage--all subserve the act- We want no more hyperboles of admiration. diaries as “dear Daddy Crispe," made a misor's effect: these raise him upon a pedestal; We want the dramatic excellences and defects erable play of “ Virginia;” and the industriremove them, and what is he? He who can illustrated and set forth. Will Macready un- ous Murphy suspended his labors in classic make a stage-mob bend and sway with his dertake such a task? It would be a delightful translations and borrowed learning to struggle eloquence, what could he do with a real mob, object to occupy his leisure ; and it would set- with his “ Zenobia” and “Orphans in China." Do poet by to prompt him? He who can charm tle the question as to his own intellectual At this time Henry Jones, the bricklayer, left us with the stateliest imagery of a noble mind, claims.

his trade to manufacture plays, and Glover inben robed in the sables of Hamlet or in the The foregoing was written in 1851. This vented new Medeas, and Mallet Eloiras and toga of Coriolanus, what can he do in coat and year (1875) the “Reminiscences and Diaries Alfreds. trousers on the world's stage? Rub off the of Macready" bave been given to the world Dramatic literature, crushed out by Puritanpaint, and the eyes are no longer brilliant! | by Sir Frederick Pollock, and they strikingly ism during the time of the Commonwealth, Reduce the actor to his intrinsic value, and confirm the justice of my estimate, which al- had blossomed again into the full-blown sin the weigh him with the rivals whom he sur- most reads like ari echo of what Macready of the reactionary movement under Charles passes in reputation and in fortune.

himself expressed. In those volumes we see II. It borrowed classic rules from the French If my estimate of the intrinsic value of the incessant study which this eminently con- in bombastic tragedy, and took to self all the acting is lower than seems generally current, it scientious man to the last bestowed on every

licentiousness of the court - manners in its is from no desire to disparage an art I have al- detail connected with his art; we see also how comedy. To humor audiences impatient of ways loved, but from a desire to state what he endeavored by study to make up for natural seriousness, the tragic authors of that time. seems to me the simple truth on the matter, deficiencies, and how conscious he was of apologized for the pathos of their subject, as and to show that the demand for posthumous these deficiencies. We see him over-sensitive soon as the curtain fell, by indecent epilogues; fame is misplaced. Already the actor gets to the imaginary disrespect in which his pro- and this fashion, with some modification of its more fame than he deserves, and we are called fossion is held, and throughout his career hat- grossness, was carried on into the eighteenth opon to weep that he gets no more! During ing the stage while devoting himself to the century. bis reign the applause which follows him ex- art. But, although his sensitiveness suffered Garrick was looked to as a master in this teeds in intensity that of all other claimants from many of the external conditions of the species of composition, and did his best to enfor public approbation; so long as be lives he is player's life, his own acceptance by the world courage it; his literary talents were precisely an object of strong sympathy and interest; and was a constant rebuke to his exaggerated of that kind which luxuriated in the short when he dies he leaves behind him such influ- claims. He was undeniably a cultivated, hon- compass of a prologue. Here they were at ence upon his art as his genius may have effect- orable, and able man, and would have made home; liere there was just a sufficient demand ed true iame !) and a monument to kindle the an excellent clergyman or member of Parlia- for easy rhyme, confident, unfettered fancy, emulation of successors. Is not that enough? mėnt; but there is absolutely no evidence that and bold, unexpected meanings, which looked Must he weep because other times will not see he could have made such a figure either in the like wit. Nor did Garrick in these composihis actirg? Must we weep because all that church or senate as would compare with that tions forget his managerial tricks; so great a energy, labor, genius, if you will, is no more which he made upon the stage.

quantity of stage-business was given by him than a tradition? Folly! * In this crowded

to prologue and epilogue that at last few actors world how few there are who can leave even a

but himself were accomplished enough to do same! how rare those who leave more! The LADY Pollock, in Temple Bar, in an arti- them justice. He was always ready with some suthor can be read by future ages ? Oh, yes, cle entitled “The Poct and the Stage,” has

ingenuity to divert his public. Sometimes a be can be read: the books are preserved; but

bewildered country boy wandered on to the is he read? Who disturbs them from their something to say calculated to disabuse some

stage with a prologue to his supposed master's repose upon the dusty shelves of silent libra- of the current theories in regard to the great- / play, or a tipsy sailor rolled forward, reading ries? What are the great rren of former ages, ness of past dramatic periods:

the play-bill for the night, or a charming acwith rare very rare-exceptions, but names

tress, after having drowned the stage in tears, to the world which shelves their well-bound Garrick, independently of his special art, sprang from behind the curtain as the Comio Tolares?

was a clever, cultivated man, but the fever of Muse. All these contrivances prolonged the

a restless self-love was in his blood, and he custom of prologue and epilogue ; but the bet* The illustrijas mathematician Jacobi, in his sacrificed his authors on all sides. He killed ter judgment will in the end prevail against a old age, was once consoled hy a flattering disciple

the living and mutilated the dead. In “Ham- bad fashion; and first condemned by Thomwith the remark that all future mathematicians Foald delight in his work. He drew down the

let" he cut down whatever scenes he thought son, and next sternly rejected by Home (the comers of his mouth and said, despairingly, “Yes ;

ineffective for his glory, and took into his own author of “ Douglas”), other critics afterward but to think that all my predecessors knew noth- part favorite passages belonging to the other ventured to protest, and gradually these things inz of my work!" Here was vanity hungrier than characters. In the same spirit he degraded ceased to be. that of the actor.

" Richard III.” to a series of stage-clamors, I One of the principal causes of the rapid de


[ocr errors]



cline of dramatic literature during Garrick's M. Fechter produced no more Shakespearean du Mal" of Charles Baudelaire. The poet, in management to the yet lower position than the plays.

a mystic strain of verse," sings how colors low one it had previously occupied, is to be Twenty-four years have passed since the and sounds and scents mingle and blend in found in the general character of the great day of Macready's retirement, and now for the the world, and produce an inaudible harmony, player's genius. Before his time the manage- first time an English actor has appeared whose a color invisible, to the eyes and ears of the inent had been iņ the hands either of some genius gives us reason to expect the restora- uninitiated. In the pretty tale of “Spirite," one individual not himself upon the stage, or tion of poetical drama to our stage. Mr. Hev-too, a masterpiece of Théophile Gautier, it is of several actors all equally concerned in the ry Irving brings to whatever character he Swedenborg's theories of conjugal love that character of the pieces performed at their thea- undertakes fine thought and vivid emotion ; are travestied, and it is a Swedenborgian tre, but differing in the direction of their own these qualities have been evident in all his mystic who unlocks to the lover of Spirite the talents for the stage. Wilkes, Cibber, and representations, but the complex character of gate of the spiritual world. But the gross, Dogget, and Wilkes, Cibber, and Booth, were Hamlet has given him the freest scope for the sensuous Balzac-Balzac whose ideas of la vie a junto of this kind. Garrick was supreme at use of his powers. Out of solitary contem- conjugale are so frankly material---really felt, Drury Lane, both as actor and manager, and plation he has drawn his inspiration, for he more than any other man of literary genius, had the power to exercise a fatal influence. If

came upon an empty stage, where there was the attraction of these new regions of which he had by a happy chance been a fine critic, no departing or reigning greatness to kindle Swedenborg was the Columbus. Balzac's he might have contrived to gratify bis vanity or to guide him. His fervent imagination im- “Louis Lambert” is partly autobiographical, without injuring Shakespeare, and without parts life, the first requisite in acting, to his a sketch of his own sufferings when, as dictating his imaginary stage necessities to the

personation; a life taken from the poet's heart school-boy in Vendôme, he neglected his Latin play writers, among whom he gradually alienat- into the depths of his own. He is the impres- exercises to pore over such works as “ Heaven ed the most respectable. It is an evidence of sionable, flexible Hamlet : tender by nature, and Hell revealed.” Lambert in the novel is the force of the great tragedian that Garrick's sting into bitterness by an intolerable sense a secluded and unappreciated genius, whose audiences, consisting in great part of literary of wrong, but never strong and resolute. Fit- life is an attempt to develop the true, the anmen, made no protest against bis barbarous ful, moody; alternately meditative and im- | gelic nature that is hidden within our frames. dealings with our greatest poet or his en- petuous ; passionate in imagination, and too Even as a boy, Lambert is second-sighted, becouragement of our meanest scribblers. Sat

subtile in thought for a persistent course of holds places in vision, and recognizes them isfied with the passion be roused, they did not action, he is carried to the verge of frenzy by later in fact, as Swedenborg saw the fire of question the instruments he used. His des- the unequal conflict of the inner man with the Stockholm three hundred miles off, and as potism was accepted. That a fine actor has circumstances which surround him. But his Shelley used occasionally to do, or say be did. considerable dominiou over the authors he fury is short-lived, and his spirits instantly The dream of his life is to meet an angel-womrepresents is indisputable, yet it must be re- fall back into that profound dejection which and meet her he does, like other people, at membered, somewhat to diminish the marvel makes the young prince weary of his life. last. Unfortunately, he falls just before his of Garrick’s proceedings, that his own bad Such is the interpretation to which Mr. Ir- marriage into a state which may be beatific taste was but an exaggerated growth of his ving's swift emotions and fine intellectual per- contemplation, or may be idiotcy, and when period, and that Johnson, the oracle of that ceptions give a singular vitality and interest. he opens his lips after months of silence it is age, has left us many criticisms to laugh He delivers what may be termed the set only to say, “ The angels are white." In his

speeches, somewhat tarnished by frequent more lucid intervals he would make such proAt the end of the Garrick epoch the litera- | handling, as if he were thinking them out for found remarks as, “ The Abstract thinks, the ture of the stage was completely debased; a the first time, and gives back to them the full Instinctive acts.” In this failure and decay of great quantity of now plays were produced freshness of a new impulse. Mr. Irving's at- the mystic vision, when it seemed on the point every season, which only existed by their tributes are essentially poetical, and therefore of solving the secrets of the universe, Balzac novelty, and were not for a moment supposed it is not to be feared that, as a disciple of the probably symbolized his own mature views as to have any other principle of vitality in them; natural school of acting, he will mar its excel- to the mysticism that always attracted him. the consequence was that when Mrs. Siddons lence by exaggeration. Ile has too delicate an To him the system of Swedenborg is like his and her brother John Kemble appeared upon appreciation of beauty to let slip in a slovenly own mysterious Séraphitus Séraphita, a brillthe scene they found no author worthy to utterance the melody of a poet's thought; heiant, sexless creature of strange birth, tantawrite for them.

has too true a dramatic instinct to suffer a lizing, alluring, fading at last out of human

grand towering passion to sink into the tone view among the glittering snows and glacial Lady Pollock (who the reader will rec- of a drawing-room platitude for the gratifica- peaks of the mountains round the Stromfiord. ollect is wife of Sir Frederick Pollock, editor

tion of certain spectators who hold that Nature Séraphitus Séraphita allures her lovers to of Macready's “ Diaries and Reminiscences,"

is best served by depriving her of all nobility heights where the breath is caught by the

and all grace. His taste will reject that evil sharp air, where the sight grows dim, and the recently published) proceeds in her entertain

fashion of his time; nor is he likely to yield brain reels. She vanishes from those who ing paper to give her views upon Fechter and to those temptations which bave been de- love her, leaving only a memory and a hope, Henry Irving :

scribed as haunting the onward path of the the sense of having seen wonderful sights with favorite tragedian.

eyes waking or dreaming, the trust that these In the worst period of literary stagnation,

marvels have a meaning and a promise, and some ten years after Macready's retirement,

A London writer discusses the influence

the certainty that, after all, the life of earth, M. Fechter, a clever French actor, came to of the doctrines of Swedenborg on litera

and not the visions of the Alpine summits, is London to wake the ecboes of Shakespeare's

the only life for men. Perhaps this is no unture : music with a foreign accent. In the character

common result of the reading of Swedenborg's of Hamlet, partly by the surprise which was The influence of Swedenborg on imagina- very voluminows writings, which are not, howexcited by his attempt, and partly by bis real tive literature is nowhere so obvious as in the ever, destitute of humor, if the seer is correctmerit, he met with considerable success. He novels of Balzac. There are traces of his the- ly reported to have said that the English all was a skillful artist, but be made frequent mis- ory of Correspondences in a place where they hang together, and see few foreigners, in some takes of emphasis, and he was deficient in sus- might not have been looked for, in the “ Fleurs circle of the invisible world. tained force. He was good in a flash of passion, or a graceful movement; but he had no depth of feeling, and there were deficiencies

Notices. of heart as well as of language when he sought to interpret the highest passion. His repre

ART-WORKERS IN SILVER.—THE GORHAM COMPANY., established 1831. Bridal, sentation of Othello deserves to be recorded as

Christening, Birthday, and Household Silver. The most extensive and brilliant collection to be found in the a proof of the player's influence on the poet.

city. Salesrooms, No. 1 Bond Street, near Broadway. The actor, being incapable of any great poetical conception, substituted paltry devices and

SCIENTIFIC BOOKS.Send 10 cents for General Catalogue of Works on Architecpetty elaborations of action for the majestic

ture, Astronomy, Chemistry. Engineering, Mechanics, Geology, Mathematics, etc. D. VAN NOSTRAND, movement of passion; the play was for the

Publisher, 23 Murray Street, New York. time vulgarized, and all its richness of sound MONTHLY PARTS OF APPLETONS JOURNAL.-APPLETONS' JOURNAL is and vastness of imagination were cramped put up in Monthly Parts, sewed and trimmed. Two out of every three parts contain four weekly numbers; the into such mean dimensions that it seemed no third contains five weekly numbers. Price of parts containing four weekly numbers, 40 cents; of those containing better than a prosaic Parisian drama of the five numbers, 50 cents. Subscription price per annum, $4.50. For sale by all booksellers and newsdealers. Dumas school. It was so little liked that D. APPLETON & Co., Publishers, 549 & 551 Broadway, New York.

« הקודםהמשך »