« הקודםהמשך »
A P P E N D I X.
general afford it a mont quiet reception : and the PREFACE
larger part accept it as favourabiy as if it were
fome kindaels done to themselves: whereas, if a Prekred to the five forft imperfect Editions of the known scoundrel or blockhead but chanced to be
DUNCIAD, in ibree Pooks, printed at DUBLIN touched upon, a whole legion is up in arms, and and LONDON, in oclavo and duodecimo, 1727. it becomes the common cause of all scribblers, and
printers whatsoever. THE PUBLISHER (a) TO THE READER. Not to search too deeply into the reason hereof, It will be found a true observation, thongh some: these two months past, the town has been perfe
I will only observe as a fact, that every week for what surprising, that when any scandal is vented cuted with (6) pamphlets, advertisements, letters, against a man of the highest diftin&ion and charac- and weekly essays, not only against the wit and ler, either in the state or literature, the public in writings, but against the character and person of
Mr. Pope. And that of all those men who have (a) Tbe Publiser] Wbo be was is uncertain ; but received pleasure from his works, which by modest Edward Ward tells us, in bis Preface to Durgen, “ that computation may be about a (c) hundred thousand
malt judges are of opinion this preface is not of Eng- I in these kingdoms of England and Ireland (not to " life extraction, but Hibernian,” Ür. He means it mention Jersey, Guernsey, the Orcades, those in was written by Dr. Swift, wbo, wbether publifver or
the new world, and forcigners who have translated *st, may be said in a fort to be euthor of the poem. him into their languages); of all this number noc Far uten be, togeber with Mr. Pope (for reasons fpe- a man hath stood up to say one word in his decified in the preface to their Misiellanies) determined to
fence. own the most trifling pieces in zlich they bad any band, and to deftroy all that remained in their power ; tbe firf He was not without bopes, that by manifefling sbe dulu peetid of this foem vas fratebed from the fire by Dr. ness of those who bad only malice to recommend tbem ; Swift, eeboerfuaded bis friend to proceed in it, and to eitber the booksellers would not find their accoum in embim it was tberefore inscribed. But the occasion of. ploying them, or the men themselves, when discovered, prirting it use as follows:
want courage to proceed in fo unlawful an occupation. There was published in those Miscellanies, a Treatise This it was that gave birth to the Duuciad; and be of the Bethos, or Art of Sinking in Poetry, in wbich thought it an happiness, that by the late food of fander was a bapter, wbere tbe species of bad writers wre on bimself, he had acquired such a peculiar right over ranged in claffes, and initial letters of names prefixed, tbeir names, as was neceffury te bis defign. for the most part at randem. But fucb was the num
(6) Pamphlets, advertisements, 6c.) See the lift of ber of poets eminent in that art, that some one or other those anonymous pafers, with their dates and authors fook every letter to bimflf. All fell into fo violent a annered, inserted before the poem. fury, but for balf a year, or more,
(c) about a hundred thousand] It is furprising with payers (in most of wbich they bad some property, as
wbat fupidity this preface, which is almoff a continued being hired writers) were filled with tbe mest ab ufive irony, was taken by those autbors, An fub paljazes, falfisoods and fcurrilities tbey could pofbly devise; a
as these were underflool by Curl!, Back, Cibber, and liverty no ways to be wondered at in tbase people, and others, to be serious. Hear the Laureate (Letter to Mr. in those pabers, that, for many yearı, during the uncon Pops, p. 9.) “ Though I grant the Dunciad a better trenind license of the press, bad afperfed almost all the poem of its kind than ever was writ; yet, when I great cbarakters of the age; and this with impunity,
" read it witb #bose vain-glorious encumbrants of Notes their own persons and names being utterly secret and
“ arid Remarks upon it, Uc.-it is amasing, that you, cbfiure. This gave Mr. Pope the tbought, ibat belad
“ who bave wris with such masterly ffirit upon the mot fome opportunity of doing good, by detefting and ruling palion, pould be fo blond a have to vour own, dragging into ligbt ibefe common enemies of mankind; as not to see buw fur a low avarice of praise," Gr. frue to invalidste ibis universal pander, it fufficed to taking it for granted ibat the notes of siriblerus and it w ubat contemptible men wore the authors of is. I others, were the outbor's our)
The only exception is the (1) author of the fol- tions and pleasures of the world, to attend dili. lowing poem, who doubtless had either a better gently to its correction and perfection ; and fix insight into the grounds of this clamour, or a bet years more he intended to bestow upon it, as would ter opinion of Mr. Pope's integrity, joined with a scem by this verse of Statius, which was cited at greater personal love for him, than any other of the head of his manuscript : his numerous friends and admirers. Farther, that he was in his peculiar intimacy,
« Oh mihi biffenos multum vigilata per annos,
“ Duncia : (h)" appears from the knowledge he manifests of the molt private authors of all the anonymous pieces Hence also we learn the true title of the poem: against him, and from his having in this poem at. which with the fame certainty as we call that of tacked (e) no man living, who had not beforc
Homer the Iliad, of Virgil the Æneid, of Camoens printed, or published some scandal against this gen- the Lafiad, we may pronounce, could have been, tleman.
and can be, no other than How I came pofseft of it, is no concern to the reader : but it would have been a wrong to him
THE DUNCIAD. had I detained the publication ; since those names which are its chief ornaments die off daily so fast, It is styled heroic, as being doubly fo ; not only as múlt render it too soon uuintelligible. If it with respect to its cature, which according to the provoke the author to give us a more perfect edi- | best rules of the ancients, and strictest ideas of the tion, I have my end.
moderns, is critically such; but alfo with regard Who he is I cannot say, and (which is a great to the heroical disposition and high courage of the pity) there is certainly (8 ) nothing in his style writer, who dared to stir up such a formidable, isand manner of writing, which can dilinguish or
ritable, and implacable race of mortals. discover himn : for if it bcars any resemblance to There may arise fome obscurity in chronology that of Mr. Pope, it is not improbable but it from the names in the poem, by the inevitablere might be done on purpose, with a view to have it moval of some authors, and insertion of others in pals for his. But by the frequency of his allusions their niches. For whoever will consider the unity to Virgil, and a laboured (not to say affected) of the whole design, will be sensible, that the poem Mortness in imitation of him, I should think him
was not made for these authors, but these authors more an admirer of the Roman poet than of the for the poem. I should judge that they were Grecian, and in thar not of the same taste with his clapped in as they rose, fresh and fresh, and chanfriend.
ged from day to day; in like manner as when the I have been well informed, that this work was
old boughs wither, we thruit new oncs into a the labour of full (g) fix years of his life, and chimney. that he wholly retired himself from all the avoca I would not have the reader too much troubled,
or anxious, if he cannot decypher them : fince (d) Tbe awthor of the following poem, &c.] A very
when he shall have found them out, he will pro· plain irony, Speaking of Mr. Pope himself.
bably know no more of the persons than before. (2) The publiseer in these words went a little too far;
Yet we judged it better to preserve them as but it is certain, wbatever names the reader finds that they are, than to change them for fi&itious names; are unknown to bim, are of ful; and the exception is by which the satire would only be multiplied, and only of two or three, whose dui?.-js, impudent siurrility, applied to many instead of one. Had the hero, for 0; felf-conceit, all mankind agreed to have jujily entitled instance, been called Codrus, how many would them to a place in the Dunciad.
have affirmed him to bave been Mr. T. Mr E. (f) Ibere is certainly nothing in his figle, &c.] Sir R. B. &c. But now all that unjust scandal is This irony bad small <f:81 in concealing the author.
saved by calling him by a name, which, by good The Dunciad, imperfect as it was, bad not been publuck, happens to be that of a real person. lifbed two days, but the whole torun gave it to Mr. Pope. (g) the labour of full fix years, &c.] This also was
II. bonofily and seriously believed by divers gentlemen of tbe Dunciad. F. Ralpb, pref. to Sarney, “ We are told
A LIST OF BOOKS, PAPERS, AND VERSES, " it was tbe labour of fix years, with the utmoji affiduity " and application : 1: is no great compliment to the In which our Author was abuifed, before tbe Publice"autbor's sense, to have employed fo large a part of bis tion of the DUNCIAD; with the true Names of "life, &c." So also Ward, pref. :o Durgen, " The tbe Autbors. “ Dunciad, as the publisber very wisely confef'es, cosi " the autbor fix years retirement from all tbe pleasures REFLECTIONS critical and satirical on a late
of life ; tbough it is somewbat difficult to conceive, | Rhapsody, called, An Essay on Criticism. By " from either its bulk or beauty, tbat it could be so long Mr. Dennis, printed by B. Lintot, price 6 d. " in batcbing, . But the length of time and closeness " of application were mentioned, to prepojefs ibe reader (6) The prefacer to Curll's key, p. 3. took this word w witb a good opinion of it."
to be really in Statius : " By • quibble of tbe werd They just as well understood what Scribleras faid of “ Duncia, ibe Dunciad is formed." Mr. Werd elfi
follows bim in the same opinion,
A New Rehearsal, or Bays the younger : con Mift's Weckly Journal, March 30. An Essay taining an Examen of Mr. Rowe's plays, and a on the Arts of a Poet's linking in reputation;,of, word or two on Mr. Pope's Rape of the Lock, a Supplement to the Art of linking in Poetry. Anon. [by Charles Gildon) printed for J. Roberts, (Supposed by Mr. Theobald.] 1714, price Is.
Daily Journal, April 3. A Letter under the Homerides, or a Letter to Mr. Pope, occasioned name of Philo-ditto. By James-Moore Smith. by his intended translation of Homer, By Sir Flying Post, April 4. A letter against Gulliver Wiad Doggrel, (Thọ. Burnet and G. Ducket and Mr. ř. [By Mr. Oldmixion.] Esquires) printed for W. Wilkins, 1715, price 9 d. Daily Journal, Aprils. An dudion of Goods
Æsop at the Bear-garden; a Vision, in imitation at Twickenham, By James Moore Smith. of the Temple of Fame, by Mr. Preston. Sold by The Flying Post, April 6. A Fragment of a John Morphew, 1715, price 6 d.
Treatise upon Swist and Pope. By Mr. Oldmixon The Catholic Poet, or Protestant Barnaby's Sor The Senator, April g. On the same, By Edrowful Lamentation; a Ballad about Homer's Iliad. ward Roome. By Mrs. Centlivre and others, 1715, price 1 d. Daily Journal, April 8. Advertisement by
An Epilogue to a Puppet-how ac Bath, con-James-Moore Smith. çerning the laid Iliad. By George Ducket, Elq; Flying Post, April 33: Verses against Dr. Swift, printed by E. Čurll.
and against Mr. Pr's Homer. By J. Oldmixon. A complete Key to the What-d'ye-call-it. Anon. Daily Journal, April 23. Letter about the trans. (by Griflin a Player, fupervised by Mr. Thế) lation of the character of l'her sites in Homer. By princed by J. Roberts, 1715.
Thomas Cooke, &c. A true character of Mr. P. and his writings, in Mist's Weekly Journal, April 27. A Letter of a letter to a friend. Anon. (Dennis) printed for Lewis Theobald. S. Popping, 1716, price 3 d.
Daily Journal, May II. A Letter against Mr. The Confederates, a Farce. By Joseph Gay, P. at large. Anon. (John Dennis.) IJ. D. Breval] prioted for R. Burleigh, 1717,
All these were afterwards reprinred in a paniprice I s.
phlet, intituled, A Collection of all the Verses, Remarks upon Mr. Pope's tranllation of Ho- Effays, Letters, and Advertisements occafioned by mer; with two letters concerning the Windsor Mr. Pope and Swift's Miscellanies, prefaced by Forest, and the Temple of Fame. By Mr. Dennis, Concannen, Anonymous, &vo, and printed for printed for E. Curll, 1717, price i s. 6 d.
A. Moore, 1728, price I s.
Others of an elder Satires on the Trandators of Homer, Mr. P. date, having lain as walte paper many years, were, and Mr. T. Anon. (Bez. Morris) 1717, price 6 d. upon the publication of the Dunciad, brought out,
The Triumvirate : or a Letter from Palemon and their authors betrayed by the mercenary book. to Celia at Bath. Anon. (Leonard Welfted) 1711, sellers (in hopes of sonie possibility of vending a folio, price i s.
few) by advertising them in this manner.-" The The Battle of Poets, an heroic poem. By Tho. “ Confederates, a Farce. By Capt. Breval (for Cooke, printed for J. Roberts, folio, 1725. “ which he was put into the Dunciad). An Epi
Memoirs of Lilliput. Anon. (Eliz. Heywood) " logue to Powell's Pupper-show. By Col. Ducket 8vo, printed io 1727.
(for which he was put into the Dupciad). ElAd Elay on Criticism, in profe. By the author " says, &c. By Sir Richard Blackmore. (N. B. of the Critical History of England (J. Oldmixon] " It was for a pallage of this book that Sir Richard Svo, printed 1728.
was put into the Dunciad.") And fo of others. Gulliveriana and Alexandriana ; with an ample preface and critique on Swift and Pope's Miscel.
After the Dunciad, 1728. lanies. By Jonathan Smedicy, printed by J. Ro An Essay on the Dunciad, Švo, printed for berts, 8vo, 1728
J. Roberts. [In this book, p. 9. it was formally Characters of the Times; or an account of the declared, “ That the complaint of the aforesaid writings, characters, &c. of several gentlemen li
“ libels and advertisements was forged and untrue : belied, by S- and P-, in a late Miscellany, 8vo, “ that all mouths had been filene, except in Mr. 1728.
“ Pope's praise; and nothing against him publish. Remarks on Mr. Pope's Rape of the Lock, in
“ cd, but by Mr. Theobald."] letters to a friend. By Mr. Dennis; written in
Sawncy, in blank verse, occasioned by the Dun1724, though not printed till 1728, 8vo.
ciad; with a critique on that poem. By J. Ralph
(a person never mentioned in it at first, but infertPerfes, Letters, Elays, or Advertisements, ir ibe public ed after], printed for J. Roberts
, 8vo. Prints.
A complete Key to the Dunciad. By E. Curll British Journal, Nov. 25, 1727. A letter on izmo, price 6 d. Swift and Pope's Miscellanics. (Writ by M. Con A second and third edition of the fame, with canoen.)
additions, 12mo. Daily Journal, March 18, 1728. A letter by The Popiad. By E. Curll, extracted from J. Philomauri. James-Moore Smith.
Deonis, sir Richard Blackmore, &c. 12mo. price Daily Journal, March 29. A letter about 6 d. Therlites; accusing the author of disaffection to The Curliad. By the same E. Curli. the Government. By James-Moore Smith. The female Dunciad. Collected by the same
price 6 d.
Mr. Curil, izmo. price 6 d. With the Metamor
TIT. phosis of P. into a stinging Netele. By Mr. Fos
ADVERTISEMENT ton, I 2mo.
The Metamorphosis of Scriblerus into Snarle To the firf Edition with Notes, in 4to, 1729. rus. By. J. Smedley, printed for A. Moore, folio,
It will be sufficient to say of this edition, that the The Dunciad dissected. By Curll and Mrs. reader has here a much more correct and com. Thomas, izmo.
plete copy of the Dunciad, than has hitherto apAn Essay on the Taste and Writings of the pre-peared. I cannot answer but fome mistakes may fent Times. Said to be writ by a gentleman of have flipt into it, but a vast number of others will C. C. C Oxon, printed for J. Roberts, 8vo. be prevented by the names being now not only
The Arts of Logic and Rhetoric, partly taken fet at length, but justified by the authorities and from Bouhours, with new Reflections, &c. By reasons given. I make no doubt, the author's own John Oldmixon, 8vo.
motive to use real rather than feigned names, was Remarks on the Dunciad. By Mr. Dennis, de his care to preserve the innocent from any false dicated to Theobald, 8vo.
application; whereas, in the former editions, which A Supplement to the Profund. Anon, by Mat- had no more than the initial letters, he was made, thew Concarnen, 8vo.
by keys printed here, to hurt the inoffenfive, and Milt's Weekly Jovinal, June 8. A long letter, (what was worse) to abuse his friends, by an imfigned W. A. Writ by fome or other of the club pression at Dublin. of Theobald, Dennis, Moore, Concannen, Cooke, The commentary which attends this poem, was who for some time held conftant weekly meetings sent me from several hands, and consequently must for those kind of performanccs.
be unequally written ; yet will have one advanDaily Journal, June 11. A letter figned Philo- tage over most commentaries, that it is not made scribierus, on the name of Pope.-Letter to Mr. upon conjcctures, or at a remote distance of time : 'Theobald, in verse, figned B. M. Bezaleel Mor. and the reader cannot but derive one pleasure from ris) against Mr P-. Many other little epigrams, the very obscurity of the persons it treats of, that. about this time in the fame papers, by James it partakes of the nature of a secret, which most Moore, and others.
people love to be let into, though the men or the M.It's Journal, June 22. A letter by Lewis things be ever so inconsiderable or trivial. The bald.
of the persons it was judged proper to give Flying Post, August 8. Letter on Pope and some account: for fince it is only in this monuSwift
ment that they must expect to survive (and here Daily Journal, August 8. Letter charging the survive they will, as long as the English congue author of the Dunciad with treason.
shall remain such as it was in the reigns of Queen Durgen : A plain facire on a pompous fatiril. Anne and King George), it feenied but bumanity By Edward Ward, with a little of James Moore. to bestow a word or two upon each, just to cell
Apollo's Maggot in his cups. By E. Ward. what he was, what he writ, when he lived, and
Gulliveriana Secunda. Being a collection of when he died. many of the libels in the newspapers, like the for If a word or two more are added upon the chief mer volume, under the same tiile, by Smedley offenders, it is only as a paper pinned upon the Advertised in the Craftsman, Nov. 9. 1728, with breast, to mark the enormities for which they fuf. this remarkable promise, that " any thing which fered; left the correction only fhould be remem. “ any budy should send as Mr. Pope's or Dr. bered, and the crime forgotten. “ Swift's, should be inserted and published as lu fome articles it was thought sufficient, barely " theirs."
to transcribe from Jacob, Curll, and other writers Pope Alexander's supremacy and infallibility of their own rank, who were much better acquaintexamined, &c. By George Ducket and John Den-ed with them than any of the authors of this nis, 4to.
coniment can pretend to be. Most of them had Dean Jonathan's Paraphrafe on the fourth chap drawn each other's characters on certain occafions; ter of Genesis. Writ by E. Roome, folio, 1729. but the few here inserted, are all that could be
Labeo : A paper of verses by Leonard Welfted, saved from the general destruction of such works. which after came into one epiftle, and was pub of the part of Scriblerus I need say nothing; lished by Jame Moore, 4to, 1730. Another part his manner is well enough known, and approved of it came out in Wulfted's own name, under the by all but those who are too much concerned te just title of Dulness and Scandal, folio, 5731. be judges.
Tkere have been fince futured,
ADVERTISEMENT An epistle from a nobleman to a doctor of divi
To tbe forf Edition of the fourth Book of the Dincial, nity, from Hampton-court (Lord H.) Printed
when printed separately in tbe Year 1742. fur J. Roberts also, folio.
A Letter írom Mir. Cibber to Mr. Pope. Print-We apprehend it can be deemed no injury to the cd for W. Lewis in Covent Garden, 8vo. author of the three first books of the Dunciad, that
we publish this fourth. It was found rnerely by ditions were wanting (of a more ferious kind) to accident, in taking a survey of the library of a late the humorous notes of Scriblerus, and even to eminent nobleman ; but in fo blotted a condition, those written by Mr. Cleland, Dr. Arbuthnot, and and in so many detached pieces, as plainly showed others. I had larely the pleasure to pass some it to be not only incorrect, but unfinished. That months with the author in the country, where I the author of the three first books had a design to prevailed upon him to do what I had long desired, extend and complete his poem in this manner, ap and favour me with his explanation of several palpears from the differtation prefixed to it, where it lages in his works. It happened, that just at chat is said, that the delign is more extensive, and that jupeture was published a ridiculous book againit we may expect o'her episodes to complete it : him, full of personal reflections, which furnished And from the declaration in the argument to the him with a lucky opportunity of improving this third book, that the accomplishment of the pro- poem, by giving it the only thing it wanted, a phecies therein would be the theme hereafter of a more considerable hero. He was always sendible greater Dunciad. But whether or no he be the of its defect in chat particular, and owned he had author of this, we declare ourselves ignorant. If let it pass with the hero it had, purely for want of he be, we are no more to be blamed for the pub- a better, not entertaining the least expectation thac lication of it, than t'ucca and Varius for that of such an one was reserved for this pol, as has since the last fix books of the Æneid, though perhaps in obtained the laurel : But fince that had happened, fcrior to the former
he could no longer deny this justice either to him If any person be possessed of a more perfe& co. or the Dunciad. py of this work, or of any other fragments of it, And yet I will venture to say, there was another ar I will communicate them to the publisher, we motive which had itill more weig'it with our au. fall make the next edition more complete : In thor : This persori was one, who from every folly which we also promise to infert any criticisms that (not to say vice) of which another would be hall be published (if at all to the purpose) with allhamed, has constantly derived a vanity! anı! the games of the authors; or any letters fent us therefore was the man in the world who would (though not to the purpose) thall yet be printed | least be hurt by it.
W, W. under the title of * Epiftolu Obscurorum Viro. rum ;" which, together with some others of the
VI. same kind, formerly laid by for that end, may
Printed in the Journals, 173e.
ing to the gentlemen of the Dunciad, fome have V.
been willing to suggest, as if they looked upon ADVERTISEMENT
them as an abuse : We can do no less than own is To the complete Edition of 17430
is our opinion, that to call these gentlemien bad
authors is no sort of abuse, but a great truth. We I nave long had a design of giving some fort of cannot alter this opinion without some reason ; but notes on the works of this poet. Before I had the we promise to do it in respect to every person who happiness of his acquaintance, I had written a com thinks it an injury to be represeated as no wit or mentary on his Essay on Man, and have fince finish poet, provided he procures a certificate of his beed another on the Essay on Criticism. There was ing really such, from any three of his companions one already on the Dunciad, which had met with in the Dunciad, or from Mr. Dennis, fingiy, who general approbation : But I till thought some ad- is esteerned cqual to any three of the number.
A PARALLEL of the Charallers of Mr. Pope and MR. DRYDEN,
as drawn by certain of their Gonteirporaries.
as drawn by certain of tbeir Contemporaries.
Mr. Dayden, bis Politics, Religion, Morals. MR. DRYDIN is a mere renegado from monarchy, patry, and good sente (a). A true repu!lican fon si monarchical church (6). A republican atheist (0),
(a) Milourne on Dryden's Virgil, Svo, 1692, p. 6. ) Page 38. ( ) Page 192.
Mr. Pope, bis Politics, Religion, Morals.
(a) D.ninis, Rey. On the Rape of the Locke, Pref. P. 12.