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But sad example! never to escape
Another (for in all what one can thine). Their infamy, still keep the human shape. Explains the seve and verdeur of the vine.
But she, good goddess, sent to every child What cannot copious sacrifice atone ? Firm Impudence, or Scupefaction mild ; 530 Thy treufles, Perigord: thy hams, Bayonoe? And Arait succeeded, leaving hame no rooni, With French libation, and Italian strain. Cibberian forehead, or Cimmerian gloom." Wash Bladen white, and expiate Hay's Rain. She
Kind Self-conceit to some her glass applies, Knight lifts the head : for what are crowds unWhich no one looks in with another's eyes;
done, But as the flatterer or dependent paint,
To three essential partridges in one? Beholds himself a patriot, chief, or saint.
Gone every blush, and flent all reproach, On others interest her gay livery Rings, Contending princes mount them in their coach. Interest, that waves on party-colour'd wings : Next, bidding all draw near on bended knees, Turn'd to the sun, the casts a thousand dyes, The queen confers her titles and degrees. And, as she turns, the colours fall or rise. 540 Her children first of more distinguish d sort, Others the syren-lifters warble round,
Who study Shakspeare at the ings of court, And empty heads console with empty found. No more, alas! the voice of Fame they hear, The balm of Dulness trickling in their ear. Great C**,H**,P**, R**, K*, Why all your toils ? your lons have learn'd to trygons spitted aren upon spears, as we do larks fing.
upon skewers; and the fair pigeon turned to a How quick Ambition hastes to ridicule!
toad, is fimilar to the fair virgin Scylla ending in The fire is made a peer, the fon a fool.
a filthy beast. But here is the difficulty, why piOn some, a priest succin& in amice white geons in so shocking a thape should be brought to Attends; all fileth is nothing in his light! 550
a table. Hares indeed might he cut into larks ac Breves, at his touch, at once to jelly turn, a second dresing, out of frugality. Yet that seems .-nd the huge boar is thrunk into an urn:
no probable motive, when we consider the exira. ?ha board with specious miracles he loads,
vagance before mentioned, of diffolving vbi lurns hascs to lailt, and pigeons into toads.
en and boars into a small vial of jelly, !?
Trim! hin, in vain; In only refolve autre Principe, tient lieu de ce qu'on appelloit
foane mys sus fuperbiliruarie, asi; is u autrefois Grandeur d'Ane et Fidelité." Beulain. ! be cone by a paret, a dobiter calied:
fi e, atendeat fan all ancient facritice wer ich williers Hif. des Anciens Parlements de France &c.
SC-'BL. Ver 528. ftill keep the human shape.) lhe ef. fects of the Magus's Cup, by which is allegorged modern lusery. see that these were one
insi ord (colian, nit being acquainted with a total corruption of heart, are jud cuntrary to that of Circe, which only represents the suddenly the miracle-ot. ach cookery, and that partiplunging into pleasures Her's, therefore, cook cularly “ Pigeons et crapcau” were a common
dish. away the shape, and left the human mind; his
Ver 556, seve and verdeur] French terms rc, takes away the mind, and leaves the human shape. Ver. 529. But she, good goddess, &c.] The on
lating to wines, which signify their favour and
poignancy. Jy comfort people can receive, must be owing in Come shape or other to Dulness; which makes
“ Et je gagerois que chez le commandeur Some stupid, others impudent, gives self-conceit to
“ Villandri priscroir sa Seve et fa Verdeur." Some, upon the flatteries of their dependents, pre
Defpreaux. Sents the false colours of interest to others, and bufies or amuses the rest with idle pleasures or St. Evremont has a very pathetic letter to a noble
ensuality, till they becomie cały under any infa. man in disgrace, advising him to seek comfort in my. Each of which species is here thadowed un. a gond table, and particularly to be attentive to der allegorical persons.
these qualities in his Champaigne. Ver. 533. Cibberian forehead, or Cimmerian Ver. 360. Bladen-Hays) Names of gamesters. gloom.) i. e. She conmunicates to them of her Bladen is a black man. Robert Knight cashier own virtue, or of her royal collcagues. The Cib of the South Sca Company, who fled from Engberian forehead being to fit them for self-conceit, land in 172. (afterwards pardoned in 1742). Self-intereft, &c. and the Cimmerian gloom, for These lived with the utmost magnificence at Pathe pleasures of opera, and the table. SCRIBL. ris, and kept open cables, frequented by persons
Ver. 553. The board with specious miracles he of the firflquality of E:gland, and even by princes Ioads, &c.] Scriblerus seems at a loss in this place. of the blood of France. Speciosa miraculu (says he) according to Horace, Ibid. Bladen, &c ] The former note of “ Bladen whicre the monstrous fables of the Cyclops, la " is a black man," is very absurd. The manuscript trygons, Scylla, &c. What relation have these here is parily obliterated, and doubliefs could to transformation of hares into larks, or of pi- only have been, Wash blackmoors white, alludacoes into scaos ? I fall tell thçe. The Las | ing to a known proverb,
Impale a glow-worm, or Verta profess,
The last, not least in honour or applause, Shine in the dignity of F. R. S.
570 Isis and Cam made Do&ors of her laws. Same, deep free-masons, join the filent race
Then blefling all, Go, children of my care! Worthy to fill Pythagoras's place :
To pradice now from theory repair. Somnc botanists, or florists at the least,
Alt my commands are easy, short, and full : Or issue members of an annual feast.
My sons ! be proud, be selfith, and be dull. Nor palt the meanest unregarded, one
Guard my prerogative, asfert my throne :
This nod confirms each privilege your own.
From stage to stage the licens'd Earl may run, Ver. 567. Her children first of more distinguish'a Paird with his fellow-charioteer the fun; sort,
The learned Baron butterflics delign,
59. III would that scholiast discharge his duty, who Shuuld neglect to honour those whom Dulness has diftinguished; or suffer them to lie forgotten, and critics, where sense and civility are neither rewhen their rare modesty would have left chem nameleis. Let us not, therefore, overlook the quired nor expected.
Ver. 571. Some, deep free-masons, join the fiservices which have been done her cause by one Mr. Thomas Edwards, a gentleman, as he is ticular concern for this filent race: He has here
lent race] The poet all along exprelles a very parpleased to call himself, of Lincoln's Inn; but, in
provided, that in case they will not waken or reality, a gentleman only of the Dunciad; or, to
open (as was before proposed) to a humming Speak him becter, in the plain language of our an
bird or a cockle, yet at worft they may be made ce fors to such mushrooms, a gentleman of the late free-masons; where taciturnity is the only ellenedition : wno, nobly eluding the folicitude of his tial qualification, as it was the chief of the difcareful father, very early retained himself in the
ciples of Pythagoras. cause of Dulness against Shakspeare, and with the
Ver. 576. A Gregorian, one a Gormogon,] A wit and learning of his ancestor Tom Thimble in
sort of lay-brothers, flips from the root of the the Rehearsal, and with the air of good nature
free-mafons. and politeness of Caliban in the tempeft, hath now
Ver. 584. each privilege your own, &c.) This happriy fisited the Dunce's progress in perfonal speech of Duliefs to her fons at parting may pofabuse. For a libeller is nothing but a Grub-street libly fall thort of the reader's cxpectations; who aritie ran to feed. Lamentable is the dulness of these gentlemen of of more confequence, and, from such a theory as
may imagine the goddess might give them a charge the Duaciad. This Fungolo and his friends, who is before delivered, incite them to the practice of are all gentlemen, have exclained much against something more extraordinary, than to perfonate us for reile&ing his birth, in the words, “ a gen running footmen, jockies lage coachmen, &c. * tlemen of the last edition," which we hereby
But if it be well considered, that whatever in declare concern not his birth, but his adoption on
clination they might have to do mischiet, her fons ly : and mean no more than that he is become a
ate generally rendered harmless by their inability; gentleman of the last edition of the Dunciad.
and that it is the commion effect of Dulnefs (even Since gentlemen, then, are so captious, we think it in her greatelt efforts) to defeat her owa design; proper to declare that Mr. l'homas Thimble, the poce, I am perfuaded, will be justified, and it who is here faid to be Mi. Thomas Edwards's an
will be allowed that there worthy perfons, in their ceitor, is only related to him by the muse's side.
several ranks, do as much as can be expected from SCRIBL.
them. This tribe of men, which Scriblerus has here lo
Ver. 585. The cap and switch, &c ] The gode well exemplified, our poet hath elsewhere admir-dess's political balance of favour, in the distribuably characterised in that happy line,
tion of her rewards, deserves our notice. li con* A brain of feathers, and a heart of lead.” Liits in joining with those honours claimed by birth For the satire extends much further than to the nius and talents of the caodidates." And thus her
and high place, others more adapted to the geperson who occasioned it, and takes in the whole great forerunner, John of Leyden, king of Munfpecies of thole on wheni a good education (to fit iter, entered on his government, by making his them for some useful and learned profeffion) has ancient friend and companion, Knipper-dolling, been bestowed in vain. That worthless band
general of his horse, and hangman. And had but * Of ever-hiAless loiterers, that attend
Fortune seconded his great schemes of reformasion, " No cause, no trust, no duty, and no friend ;"
it is said, he would have establithed his whole
household on the same reasonable fooring. who, with an understanding to diffipated and fu
SCRIBL. tile for che offices of civil life; and a heart too Ver. 590. Arachne's subtile line ;] This is one lumpila, narrow, and contracted for those of lor of the most ingenious employments aßigned, and cial becomes as Lut nothing: and to corn wits therefore recommended only to peers of learning
The judge to dance his brother serjeant call; Then catch'd the schouls; the hall fcarce kept sThe senator at cricket urge the ball;
wake; The bishop stow (pontific luxury ?)
The convocation gap’d, but could not speak; 616 An hundred souls of turkeys in a pye ;
Loft was the Nation's sense, nor could be found, The sturdy 'squire to Gallic masters stoop, While the long folemn unison went round: And drown his lands and manors in a soupe. Wide, and more wide, it spread o'er all the realm; Others import yet nobler arts from France, Èv'n Palinurus nodded at the helm : Teach kings to fiddle, and make senates dance. The vapour mild o'er each committee crept; Perhaps more high some daring son may soar, Unfinish'd treaties in each office slept; Proud to my lift to add one monarch more : 600 And chieftess armies doz'd out the campaign! And, nobly conscious, princes are but things And navies yawn'd for orders on the main. Born for first ministers, as llaves for kings,
O Mufe ! relate (for you can tell alone, 'Tyrant supreme.! shall three cftates command, Wits have short memories, and dunces none) 620 And make one mighty Dunciad of the land! (nods : Relate, who first, who last refign'd to reit;
More she had spoke, but yawn'd-All Nature Whose heads the partly, whose completely bleft; What mortal can refit the yawn of gods ? What charms could faction, what ambition lull, Churches and chapels instantly it reach'd :
The venal quiet, and entrance the dull; (St. James's first, fot leaden G
REMARKS. Of weaving stockings of the webs of spiders, fee Ver. 6io. The convocation gap'd, but could zhe Phil. Trans.
not speak; } Implying a great desire so to do, as Ver. 591. The judge to dance his brother ser- the learned scholiast on the place rightly observes. geant call;} Alluding perhaps to that ancient and Therefore beware, reader, left thou take this folemn dance, intitled, a call of sergeants.
gape for a yawn, which is attended with no dem Ver. 598. Teach kings to fiddle) An ancient lire but to go to rest : by no means the disposition amusement of sovereign princes, (viz.) Achilles, of the convocation; whose melancholy case in Alexander, Nero; though despised by Themisto- short is this : She was, as is reported, infe&ted eles, who was a republican-Make senates dance, / with the general infiuence of the goddess; and either after their prince, or to Pontoise, or Siberia. while flie was yawning carelessly at her ease, a
Ver. 60%. What mortal can resist the yawn of wanton courtier took her at advantage, and in gods?) rbis verse is truly Homerical; as is the the very nick clapp'd a gag into her chops. Well conclusion of the a&ion, where the great mother therefore may we know her meaning by her gapcomposes all, in the same manner as Minerva ating ; and this distressful posture our poet here de. the period of the Odyssey.-It may indeed seem a scribes, just as the stands at this day, a sad examvery singular epitafis of the poem, to end as this ple of the effe As of Dulness and Malice uncheckdoes, with a great yawn; but we must confidered, and despised
BENTL. it as the yawn of a god, and of powerful effects. Ver. 615,–618.] These verses were written It is not out of nature, moft long and grave coun
many years ago, and may be found in the State fels concluding in this very manner : Nor without Poenis of that time. So that Scriblerus is mista. authority, the incomparable Spenser having end ken, or whoever else have imagined this poem of ed one of the most considerable of his works with a fresher date. a roar ; but then it is the roar of a lion, the efe
Ver. 620. Wits have fort memories, ] This fects whereof are described as the catastrophe of seems to be the reason why the poets, when they
give us a catalogue, constantly call for help on the Ver. 607. Church and chapels, &c.] The pro- muses, who, as the daughters of Memory, are gress of this yawn is judicious and natural, and obliged not to forget any thing. so Homer, Iliad worthy to be noted. First it seizeth the churches ii. and chapels; then catcheth the schools, where, though the boys be unwilling to sleep, the masters Πληθών δ' εκ άν κυβήσομαι εδ' όνομήνω, are not: Next Westminster-hall, much more hard Ει μη Ολυμπιάδες Μεσαι, Διός αιγιόχειο indeed to subdue, and not totally put to silence
Θυγατέρες, μνησαίαθ'even by the goddess : Then the convocation, which, though extremely desirous to speak, yet And Virgil, Æn. vii. cannot: Even the House of Commons, justly cal.
“ Et meminiftis enim, Disee, et memorare poled the sense of the nation, is lost ( that is to
“ teftis : fay suspended) during the yawn; (far be it from
"" Ad nos vix tenuis famæ perlabitur aura.” the author to suggest that it could be lost any longer :) but it spreadeth ac large over all the rest of But our poet had yet another reason for putting the kingdom, to such a degree, that Palinurus chis task npon the muse, that, all besides being himself (though as incapable of sleeping as Jupi. alleep, the only could relate what passed. Scribl. ter) yet noddeth for a moment; the effect of Ver. 624. The venal quiet, and, &c.] It were a which, though ever so momentary, could not buc problem worthy the solution of Mr. Ralph and his cause some relaxation, for the time, in all public patron, who had lights that we know nothing of, affairs.
SCRIBL. Which required the greatest effort of our
Till drown'd was sense, and shame, and right, | Physic of Metaphysic begs defence, and wrong;
And Metaphyfic calls for aid on Seose! O ling, and hush the nations with thy song! See Mystery to Mathematics fly :
In vain! they gaze, turn giddy, rave, and dic. In vain, in vain, the all-composing hour Religion bluthing veils her facred fires, Restless falls : the muse obeys the power. And unawares Morality expires. She comes the comes ! the fable throne behold Nor public flame, nor private dares to shine : Of Night primæval, and of Chaos old! 630 Nor human spark is left, nor glimpse divise! Before her, Fancy's gilded clouds decay,
Lo: thy dread empire, Chaos! is restorid, And all its varying rain-bows die away,
Light dies before thy uncreating word : Wit foots in vain its momentary fires,
Thy hand, great Anarch: lets the curtain fail ; The meteor drops, and in a flash expires.
And universal Darkaefs buries All. As one by one at dread Medea's strain, Thc fickening fars fade off th'ethereal plain; As Argus' eyes, by Hermes' wand oppreft, Clos'd one by one to everlasting reft; Thus at her felt approach, and secret might, what we are to fear; and in the style of other Art after Art goes out, and all is night :
prophets, hath used the future tense for the preteSeo (culking Truth to her old cavern fled,
rit: fince what he says shall be, is already to be Mounmins of casuiltry heap'd o'er her head!
seen, in the writings of some even of our most Philosophy, that lean'd on heaven before, adorned authors in divinity, philosophy, physics, Sbrinks to her second cause, and is no more. metaphysics, &c. who are too good indeed to be
named in such company.
Ibid. The sable throne behold.) The fable VARIATION.
thrones of night and chaos, here represented as Ver. 643. In the former edit. it food thus:
advancing to extinguish the light of the sciences,
in the first place blot out the colours of fancy, Philosophy, that reach'd the heavens before, and damp the fire of wit, before they proceed to Shrinks to her hidden cause, and is no more. their work.
Ver. 641. Truth to her old cavero fled.) AiAnd this way was intended as a censure of the luding to the saying of Democritus, that truth lay Newtonian philosophy. For the poet had been at the bottom of a deep well, from whence he had milled by the prejudices of foreigners, as if that drawn her : Though Butler says, he first put her philosophy had recurred to the occult qualities of in, before he drew her out. Aristotle. This was the idea he received of it Ver. 649. Religion blushing veils her sacred from a man educated much abroad, who had read fires,) Blushing as well at the memory of the past every thing, but every thing superficially. Had overflow of Dulness, when the barbarous learning his excellent friend Dr. A. been consulted in this of so many ages was wholly employed in corruptmatter, it is certain that so unjust a reflection had ing the simplicity, and defiling the purity of relinever discredited so noble a satire. When I hiato gion, as at the view of these her false supports in ed to him how he had been imposed upon, he the present; of which it would be endless to rechanged the lines with great pleasure into a com. count the particulars. However, amidit the expliment (as they now Itand) on that divine ge- tination of all other lights, she is said only to withsius, and a satire on the folly by which he the draw hers! as hers alone in its own nature is unpoct himself had been misled.
extinguishable and eternal.
Ver. 650. And unawares Morality expires; It REMARKS.
appears from hence that our Poec was of very goddesses power, to intrance the dull, or to quiet different sentiments from the Author of the Chathe venal. For though the venal may be more raceristics, who has written a formal treatise or unruly than the dull, yet, on the other hand, it de- Virtue, to prove it not only real but durable, snapds a much greater expence of her virtue to without the Tupport of religion. The word Unintrance chan barely to quict.
SCRIBL. awares alludes to the confidence of those men, Ver. 629. She comes. The comes ! &c.] Here who suppose that morality would flourish beft the muse, like Jove's eagle, after a sudden stoop at without it, and consequently to the surprise such ignoble game, foareth again to the skies. As pro- would be in (if any Tuch there are) who indeed phecy hath ever been one of the chief provinces of love virtue, and yet do all they can to root out pocry, our poet here forecells from what we feel,' che religion of their country.
BY THE AUTHORSA DECLARATION.
WHEREAS certain haberdashers of points and particles, being inftigated by the Spirit of pride, and affuming to tbenfelves the name of critics and restorers, bave taken upon them to adulterate the common and current sense of our glorious ancestors, poets of this realm, by clipping, coining, defacing tbe images, mixing their oxun base alloy, or otherwise falsifying the fame ; wbich they publis, utter, and vend as genuine : Tbe fuid ba. berdaskers baving no right ibéreto, as neither beirs, executors, administrators, afsigns, or in any fort related to fuch poets, to all or any of them : Now, we baving carefully revised this our Dunciad, * beginning with ibe words the mighty mother, and ending with the words buries all, containing the entire fum of one thousand seven hundred and fifty-four verses, declare every word figure, point, and comma of this impreffton to be avtbentic : And do therefore fridly enjoin and forbid any person or persons wbatsoever, to erase, reverse, put between hooks, or by any otber means, directly or indireally, change or mangle any of them. And we do bereby carnefily exbort all our brethren to follow this our example, wbich we beartily wiss our great predeceffors bad beretofore set, as a remedy and prevention of all such abuses. Provided always, tbat notbing in this declaration feall be construed to limit the lawvful and undoubted right of every subject of this realm, to judge, censure, or cosdemn, in the whole or in part, any poem or poet whatsorder.
Given under our band at London, this third day of January, in the year of our Lord one thoufend seven
bundred thirty and tus.
* Read thus confidently, instead of “ beginning with the word books, and ending with the “ word flies,” as formerly it stood : Read also, “ containing the entire sum of one thousand seven « hundred and fifty-four verses," instead of " one thousand and twelve lines;" such being the initial and final words, and such the true and entire contents of this poem.
Thou art to know, retder! that the first edition thereof, like that of Milton, was never seen by the author (though living, and not blind): The editor himself confessed as much in his preface: And no two poems were ever published in fo arbitrary a manner. The editor of this had as boldly fuppreffed whole passages, yea the entire last book, as the editor of Paradise Loft, added and augmented. Milton himself gave but ten books, his editor twelve; this author gave four books, his editor only three. But we have happily done justice to both; and presume we shall live, in this our last labour, as long as in any of our others.