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'(Tis thus afpiring Dulness ever shines)

Theri i an'd rebellious logic, gagg'd and bound; Soft on her lap her laureate fon reclines. 20 There, Itript,fair Rhetoriclaguilh d on the ground

Beneath her foot-stool, Science groans in chains, His blunted arms by Sophitry are borne,
And Wir dreads exile, penaltics, and pains. And shameless Billingfgare her robes adorn.

Morality, by her falle guardians drawn,
Chicane in furs, and Casuistry in lawn,

Galps, as they straiten at each end the cord, arise ; this the poet alluding co, in the production And dies, when Dulnessgives her Page the word. 30 of a rew moral world, makes it pariake of its ori

Nad Máthesis alone was unconfin'd, ginai principles.

Too mad for mere material chains to bind, Ve 16. Lead and gold.) i. e. dull and venal Now to pure Space lifts her ecllaric Itare,

Vir 20. ber laureate son reclines.] With great Now running round the circle, finds it square. judgment it is imagined by the poet, that such a But held in tenfold bonds the mules lie, colleague as Dulness had elected, should seep on

Watch'd both by Envy's and by Flattery's eye; the throne, and have very little share in the adion | There to her heart fad Tragedy addrest of the poem. Accordingly he hath done little or The dagger wont to pierce the tyrant's breast; nothing froni the day of bis anointing ; having But sober History restrain's her rage, past through the second book without taking part And promis'd vengeance on a barbarous age. 40 in any thing that was transacted about him; and through the third in profound fleep. Nor ought this, well considered, to seem strange in our days, when so many kings consorts have done the like. with Learning, but never upon any terms with

SCRIBL. Wit. And accordingly it will be seen that the This verse our excellent laureate took so to admits fomething like each Science, as Casuistry, heart, that he appealed to all mankind, “ if he Sophiftry, &c. but nothing like Wit, Opera alone t was not as seldom asleep as any fool." But it supplying its place. is hoped the pet hath not injured him, but rather Ver. 30. gives her Page the word.) There was verified his prophecy (p. 243 of his own Life, a judge of this name, always ready to hang any 8vo, ch ix., where he says, “ the reader will be man that came before him, of which he was fuf“ as much pleased to find me a dance in my old fered to give a hundred miferable examples, du

age, as he was to prove me a brisk blockhead in ring a long life, even to his dotage. Though the my youth.”

Wherever there was any room candid Scriblerus imagined Page here to mean ne for briskness, or alacrity of any fori, even in fink more than a page or mute, and to allude to the ing, he hath had it allowed, but here, where cuttom of strangling state criminals in Turkey by there is nothing for him to do but to take his na

mutes or pages.

A practice more decent than tural reft, he mult per mit his historian to be filent. that of our Page, who, before he hanged any one, It is from their actions only that princes have loaded him with reproachsul language. their character, and poets from their works : And

SCRIBL. if in those he be as much asleep as any fool, the Ver. 39. But fuber History) History attends poet must leave him and them to sleep to all eter on Tragedy, Satire on Comedy, as their substinity,

BENTL. tutes in the discharge of their distinct fun&tions; ibid her laureate] “ When I find niy name in the one in high life, recording the crimes and pre the satirical works of this poet, I never look up nifhments of the great; the other in low, expofing

on it as any malice meant to me but Profit to the vices or follies of the common people. But it “ himself. For he confiders that my face is more may be asked, How came History and Satire to be " known than most in the nation ; and therefore admitted with impunity to minister cemfort to • a lick at the laureate will be a fure bait ad cap- the muses, even in the presence of the goddess, " tandum vulgus, to catch little readers.” Life and in the middl of all her triumphs ? A question, of Colly Cibber, ch. ii.

says Scriblerus, which we thus resolve: History Now, if it be certain, that the works of our was brought up in her infancy by Dulness herself; poet have owed their faccess to this ingenious expe- but being afterwards espoused into a noble house, dient, we hence derive an unanswerable argument Me forgot (as is usual) che humility of her birth, that this Fourth Dunciad, as well as the former and the cares of her early friends. This occasione three, hach had the author's last hand, and was ed a long estrangement between her and Dulness. by him intended for the press : Or else to what At length, in process of time, they met together purpose hath he crowned it, as we see, by this fi in a monk's cell, were reconciled, and became nishing froke, the profitable lick at the laureate ? better friends than ever. After this they had a

BENTL second quartel, but it held not long, and are now Ver. 21, 22. Bencath her foot·ftool, &c.] We again on reasonable terms, and to are likely to are next presented with the pi&ures of thofe continue. This accounts for the connivance shown whom the goddefs leads in captivity. Science is to Hiftory on this occafion. But the boldness of only deprelled and confined to as to be rendered Satire Springs from a very different cause, for the ufelels; bac Wit or Genius, as a more dangerous reader ought to know, that she alone of all the and active enemy, punilhed, or driven away : Lifters is unconquerable, never to be Glenced

ulacis being often reconciled in one degree wheo zruly inspired and animated (as should seega


There funk Thalia, nerveless, cold, and dead, To the fame notes thy fons shall hum, or snore, Had not her sister Satire held her head:

And all thy yawning daughters cry, encore.

60 Nos could'It thou, Chesterfield! a tear refuse, Another Phoebus, thy own Phæbus, reigns, Thou wept'd, and with thee wepe each gentle Joys in my jiggs, and dances in my chains. muse.

But foon, ah soon, Rebellion will commence, When lo! a harlot form soft Niding by, If Music meanly borrows aid from Sense: With mincing step, small voice, and languid eye: Strong in new arms, lo! giant Handel standa, Foreign her air, her rube's discordant pride Like bold Briareus, with a hundred hands; In patch-work futtering, and her head alide; Toftir, to rouse, to like the soul he comes, By linging peers upheld on either hand,

And fove's own thunders follow Mars's drums. She trip'd and laugh'd, too pretty much to stand : Arreit him, empress, or you sleep no moreCaft on the proftrate Nine a scornful look, si she heard and drove him to th' Hibernian ihore. 70 Then shus in quaint recitativo spoke.

And now had Fame's posterior trumpet blown, O Cara! Cara! Glence all that train :

And all the nations summond to the throne. Joy to great Chaos ! let División reign :

The young, the old, who feel her inward sway,
Chromatic tortures soon thall drive them hende; One instinct seizes, and transports away.
Break all their nerves, and fritter all their senise : None need a guide, by sure Attraction led,
One Trill shall harmonile joý, grief, and rage, And trong impulsive gravity of head :
Wake the dull Church, and lull the ranting Stage: None want a place, for all their centre found,

Hung to the goddess, and coher'd around.
Not closer orb in orb, conglob'd are seen

The buzzing bees about their dusky queen. 80 REMARKS. kom above, for this very purpose, to oppose the involves a vast involuntary throng,

The gathering number, as it moves along, kingdom of Dulnels to her latt breath. Ver. 43. Nor could't thou, &c.] This noble Roll in her vorter, and her power consuss.

Who, gently drawri, and struggling less and lefs, person in the year 1737, when the ad aforesaid Not those alone who paslive own her laws, was brought into the House of Lords, oppo.ed it

But who, weak rebels, more advance her cause. in an excellent speech (says Mr. Cibber)" with

Whate'er of dunce in college or in town a lively spirit, and uncommon cloquence.”

Sneers at another, in toupee or gown; This speech had the honour to be answered by Whate'er of mungril no one class admits, che laid Mr. Cibber, with a lively spirit also, and

A wit with dunces, and a dance with wits. in a manner very, uncommon, in the 8th Chapter

Nor absent they, no members of her state, of his Life and Manners. And here, gentle rea

Who pay her homage in her fons, the great; des, would I gladly insert the other speech, whereby thou nightclt judge between them; but ! Or impious, preach his word without a call,

Who, false to Phoebus, bow the knee to Baal; mult defer it on account of some differences not Patrons, who sneak from living worth to dead, yet adjusted between the noble author, and my- Withhold the pension, and set up the head; felf, concerning the true reading of certain passages

. Or velt dull Flattery in the sacred gown;

Bent.. Ver. 45. When lo! a harlot form] The arti

Or give from fool to fool the laurel crown.

And (last and worse) with all the cant of wit, tude given to this phantom, represents the nature

Without the soul, the muses Hypocrit and genius of the Italian opera; its affe&ed airs, its effeminate lounds, and the practice of patching

There march'd the bard and blockhead fide by

fide. up these operas with favourite songs, incoherently who rhym'd for hire, and patroniz'd for pride. put together. These things were supported by Narcissus, prais’d with all a parson's power, the subscriptions of the nobility. This circum- Luok'd a white lily funk beneath a shower. fance, that'Opera should prepare for the opening There mov'd Montalto with superiot air ; of the grand felfions, was prophesied of in Book His stretch'd-out arm display'd 'a volume fair ; üi ver. 364

* Already Opera prepares the way,
« The fare forerunner of her gentle sway".


Ver. 76 to 1or. It ought to be observed that Ver. 34, Let Division reign ;) Alluding to the here are three classes in this assembly. The first false taste of playing tricks in music with number of men absolutely and avowedly dull, who natu. less divisions, to the neglect of that harmony which tally adhere to the goddess, and are imaged in conforms to the senfe, and applies to the pasions. the simile of the bees about their queen. The fee Mr. Handel had introduced a great number of cond involuntarily drawn to her, though not cahands, and more variety of inftruments into the ring to owo her influence; from ver. 81 to 90.orchestra, and employed even drums and cannon to The third, of such as, though not members of her make a fuller chorus; which proved fo much too ftate, yet advance her service by flattering Dulness; nanly for the fine gentlemen of his age, that he cultivating mistaken talents, patronising vile scribe was obliged to remove his music into Ireland. Af- blers, discouraging living meric, or secting up for ter which they were reduced, for want of compo-wits, and men of taste in arts they undertand not ; lers, to practise the patch work above-mentioned from ver. 91 to 101,



Courtiers and patriots in two ranks divide, But spread, my fons, your glory thin or thick, 'Throug, both he pass’d, and bow'd from fide to On paffive paper, or on solid brick.

13 side:

So by each bard, an alderman shall fit, But as in graceful act, with awful eye,

A heavy lord shall hang at every wit, Compos'd he stood, bold Benson thrust him by : And while on Fame's triumphal car they ride, On two unequal crutches propt he camc,

Some flave of mine be pinion'd to their side." Miicon's on this, on that one Johnston's name. Now crowds on crowds around the Goddelo The decent knight retir'd with sober rage,

Withdrew his hand, and clos'd the pompous page. Each eager to present the first address.
But (happy for him as the times went then) Duoce icorning dunce beholds the next advance,
Appear'd Apollo's Mayor and Aldermen,

But fop shows fop superior complaisance.
On whom three hundred gold-capt youths await,
To lug the ponderous volume off in state.
When Dulness smiling, “ Thus revive the

But murder first, and mince them all to bits ; 120

ant: no poet having had a page fince the death of Mr. Thomas Durfey.

SCRISL, els erit Medea (cruel, scato save!)

Ver. 135. So by each Bard an Alderman, &c.] A new, edition of old Æfon gave;

Vide the Tombs of the Poets, Editio WellmonaLet standard-authors, thus, like trophies borne,

fterienfis. Appear more glorious, as more hack'd and turn.

Ibid. an Alderman (hall fit,] Alluding to the And you, my critics ! in the chequer'd inade,

monument erected for Butler by Alderarea Barber. Admire new light through holes yourselves have

Ver. 132. A heavy Lord fall hang at every nade.

wit,] How unnatural an image, and how ill tup“ Leave not a foot of verse, a foot of stone,

ported: faith Ariftarchus. Had it been, A Puge, a Grave, that they can call their own;

A heavy wit shall hang at every Lord,

something might have been said, in an age fodiftin. VARJATION.

guished for well-judging katrens, For Lord, then, Ver. 114.

read Load, that is, of debts here, and of commenWhat! no respect, he cried, for Shakspeare's taries hereafrer. To this purpose, conspicuous is page?

the case of the poor author of Hudibras, whose bo

dy, long since weighed down to the grave, by a REMARKS.

load of debts, has lately had a more vnmerciful Ver. 102-bow'd from side to side :) As being load of commentaries laid upon his fpirit; wherein ef no one party

the editor has acchieved more than Virgil him. • Ver. rio. bold Benson] This man endeavoured felf, when he turned critic, could Boast of, which to raise himself to fame by erecting monuments, was only, that he had picked gold out of another Ariking coins, setting up heads, and procuring man's dung; whereas the editor has picked it out translations, of Milton; and afterwards by as of his own.

SCRIEL, great a passion for Arthur Jhnston, a Scots Phy Ariftarchus thinks the common reading right : lician's Vertion of the Psalms, of which he print and that the author himself had been struggling, ed many fine editions. Sce mure of him, Book and but just shaken off his load when he wrote the iii. ver. 323.

following epigram: Ver. 113. The decett knight) An eminent person who was about to publish a very pompous

“ My lord complains, that Pope, ftark mad with

“ gardens, edition of a great author at his own expence. Ver. 115, &c.] These four lines were printed in

“ Has lope three trees, the value of three farthings:

“ But he's my neighbour, cries the peer polite; a separate leaf by Mr. Pope in the lal edition,

“ And if he'll visit me, I'll wave my right. which he himself gave, of the Dunciad, with di

" W}.at ? on compulsion and against my will, rections to the printer, to put this leaf into its

“ A lord's acquaintance ? Let him file his buvo place as soon as Sir T. H.'s Shakspeare should be published.

Ver. 137, 138. Ver. 119. Thus revive, &c ] The goddess applauds the practice of tacking the obscure nanses of Dunce Scorring Dunce beholds the next advance, persons not en inent in any branch of learning, to

But Fop shows Fop superior complaisance.] those of the most distinguished writers; either by This is not to be ascribed fo much to the different prirting editions of their works with impertinent manners of a court and college, as to the different alterations of their tcxt, as in the former infances; effe&ts which a pretence to learning, and a preor by secting up monuments disgraced with their tence to wit, have on blockheads. For as judgment own vile names and inscriprions, as in the latter. confits in finding out the differences in things, and • Ver. 128. A Page, a Grave.] For what less than wit in finding out their likenefles, so the Dunce a grave can be granted to a dead author ? of what is all discord and diffenfion, and constantly bullied Jels than a page can be allowed a living one! in reproving, examining, confucing, &c. whic the

Ver. 128. A Page.] Pagina, oot Pedificqaus. A Fop Aourishes in peace, with songs and hymns of page of a book, ne: a fervant, follower, or attend praise, addrelles, characters, opithalamius, ac


Then lo! a fpe&tre rose, whose indez-hand Senates and tourts with Greek and Latin, rule,
Held forth by virtue of the dreadful wand; 140 And turn the council to a Grammar School ! 18
His beaver'd brow a birchen garland wears, For sure, if Dulness fees a grateful day,
Dropping with infant's blood, and mother's tears. 'Tis in the shade of arbitrary fway.
O'er every vein a shuddering horror runs ; 0! if my sons may learn one earthly thing,
Eaton and Wioton shake through all their sons. Teach but that one, fufficient for a king;
All Belh is humbled, Westminster's bold race That which my priests, and mine alone, maintain
Shrink, and confess the Genius of the place : Which, as it dies, or lives, we fall, or reiga :
The pale Boy-Senator yet tingliog stands,

May you, my Cam, and I lis, preach it long,
And holds his breeches close with both his hands. “ The Right Divine of Kings to govern wrong."
Then thus, since man from beast by words is Prompt at the call, around the Goddess roll

149 Broad hats, and honds, and caps, a sable thoal: 190 Words are man's province, words we teach alone. Thick and more thick che black blockade extends, When Reaton doubtful, like the Samian letter,

A hundred head of Aristotle's friends. Points him two ways, the narrower is the better. Nor wert thou, Ifis : wanting to the day, Mac'd at the door of Learning, youth to guide, [Though Chrif Church long kept prudithly away.) We never suffer it to stand too wide.

Each staunch Polemic, stubborn as a rock, To zik, to guess, to know, as they commence, Each fierce Logician, still expelling Locke, fancy opens the quick springs of sense,

Came whip and spur, and dash'd through thin and ply the memory, we load the brain,

thick ad rebel Wit, and double chain on chain, Oo German Crouzaz, and Dutch Burgersdyck. . wabine the thought, to exercise che breath; Ao keep them in the pale of words till death. 160 Whate'er the talents, or howe'er design'd, We hang oje jingling padlock on the mind : A poct the firft day, he dips his quill;

This great prince was the first who affonied the And what the last ? a very poet diil.

title of Sacred Majesty, which his loyal clergy transferred from God to him.

“ The principles Pity! the charm works only in our wall,

“ of passive obedience and non-resistance (say-tire Loit, loit too foon in yonder house or hall.

"author of the Differtation on Parties, Letter 8.), There truant Windham every mufe gave o'er,

“ which before his time had lkulked perhaps in There Talbot sunk, and was a wit no more! How sweet an Ovid, Murray was our boast !

" some old homily, were talked, written, and How many martials were in Pulteney loft!

" preached into vogue in that inglorious reign."

170 Elle fure some bard, to our eternal praise,

Ver. 194. Though Christ Church, &c.] This

line is doubtless spurious, and foisted in by the in twice

, ten thousand rhyming nights and days, Had reach'd the work, the all that mortal can;

impertinence of the editor; and accordingly we And South beheld that masterpiece of man.

have put it in between Hjoks. For I affirm this Ob (cry'd the Goddess) for some pedant reign! college came as early as any other, by its proper Some gentle James, to bless the land again ;

deputies; nor did any college pay homage to Dulness in its whole body.

BENTL. To ftick the Doctor's chair into the throne, Give law to words, or was with words alone,

Ver. 196. ftill expelling Locke,] to the year 1703 there was a meeting of the heads of the University of Oxford to cenfure Mr. Locke's Elsay on Human Understanding, and to forbid the

reading of it. See his Letters on the last edit. Ver. 140. the dreadful wand;] A cane usually Ver. 198. On German Crouzaz, ard Dutch borne by schoolmasters, which drives the poor fouls Burgersdyck 1 There seems to be an improbabi. abour like the wand of Mercury. SCRIBL. (lity that the Doctors and Heads of Houses fould

Ver. 131. like the Samian lecter,] The letter Y ride on horseback, who of late days, being gouty used by Pythagoras as an emblem of the different

or unwieldy, have kept their coaches. But these roads of virtue and vice.

are horses of great strength, and fit to carry any * Et tibi quæ Samios diduxic litera ramos." Perl. weight, as their German and Dutch extradion

may manifeft; and very famous we may con. Ver. 174. that mafterpiece of man.) Viz. an clude, being honoured with names, as were the spigram. The famous Dr. Soath declared a per- horfes Pegasus and Bucephalus. SCRIBL. tect epigram to be as difficult a performance as an Though I have the greatest deference to the epic poem. And the critics say, “ An epic poem penetration of this eminent scholiaft, and muft is the greatest work human nature is capable own that nothing can be more natural than his

interpretation, or juster than that rule of criticism, Ver. 196 Some gentle James, &c.] Wilson tells which directs us to keep to the literal sense, when 128 that this king, James the First, took upon him. no apparent absurdity accompanies it (and sure felf to teach the Latin tongue to Car, Earl of So- there is no absurdity in supposing a Logician on perfet; and that Gondomar the Spanish Ambassa- horseback), yet fill 1 must needs ihink the hackdur would fprak false Latin to him, on purpose to neys here celebrated were not real horses, por give him the pleasure of correding it, whereby he even Centaurs, which, for the sake of the learned prought himálf into his good graces.

Chiron, I should rather be inclined to think, if I






As many quit the fireans that murmuring fall Roman and Greek grammarians ! know your To lullehe sons of Margaret and Clare-ball, 200

better :
Where Bentley late temperluous wont to sport Author or something yet more great than letter;
In troubled waters, but now sleeps in port. While tow'sing o'er your alphabet like Saul,
Before them march'd that awful Ariftarch; Stands our Digamma, and o'ertops them all.
Plough'd was his front with many a deep remark, 'Tis true, on words is still our whole debate,
His hat, which never veil'd to human pride, Disputes of Me or Te, or Aut or At,
Walker with reverence took, and laid aside. To found or fink in cano Q or A,
Low bow'd the reic : He, kingly, did but nod; Or give up Cicero to 'C or K.
So upright Quakers please both man and God. Let friend affect to speak as Terence spoke,
Mistress! dismiss that rabble from your throne : And Alsop never but like Horace joke :
Avauntis Aristarchus yet unknown?

For me, what Virgil, Pliny may deny,
The mighty Scholiast, whose unweary'd pains Manilius or Solinus shall supply :
Made Horace dull, and humbled Milton's ftrains.
Turn what they will to verse, their toil is vain,
Critics like me shall make it prose again.

showing that prose it was, though ashamed of its
original, and therefore to prose it thould return.
Indeed, much it is to be lamented that Dulness

doth not confine her critics to this useful talk; were forced to find them fuur legs, but downright and commiffion them to dismount what Ariftoplain men, though Logicians : and only thrus me-phanes calls Pnuclizw.bápova, ail profe on horseiamorphosed by a rule of rhetoric, of which Car. back.

SCRIBL. dinal Perron gives us an example, where he calls Ver. 216, Author of something yet more great Clavius, “ Un Esprit pesant, lourd, fans subtilité, than Letrer.] Alluding to those grammarians, such “ ni gentillesse, un Gross Cheval d'Allemagne.'' as Palamedes and Simonides, who invented single

Herc i profess to go opposite to the whole itrcam letters. But Aristarchus, who had found out a of commentators. I think the poet only aimed, double one, was therefore worthy of double hom though awkwardly, at an elegant Græcism in this

SCRIBL. representation ; for in that language the word Ver. 217, 218. While towering o'er your al15745 (horse was often prefixed to others, to de- phabet, like Saul -Stands our Digamma,) Alludes note greatnefs of trength; as ιστολάπαθον, επαό to the boasted restoration of the Ævlic Digamma, γλωσσον, ιππομάραθρον, and particularly ιπποΓΝΩ in his long projected edition of Homer. He calls MIN, a great connoisseur, which comes nearest to it something more than Letter, from the enormous the case in hand.

$cip. Marr. figure it would make among the other letters, being Ver. 199. the streams] The river Cam, running one Gamma set upon the fhoulders of another. by the walls of these colleges, which are particu. Ver. 220. of Me or Te,] It was a serious diflarly famous for their skill in disputation.

pute, about which the learned were much divided, Ver. 202. sleeps in Port.) viz." Now retired and some treatises written: had it been about “ into harbour, after the tempests that had long Meum and Tuum it could not be more contested, “ agitated his fociecy.” So Scriblerụs. But the than whether at the end of the first Ode of Hoa learned Scipio Maffei understands it of a certain race, to read, Me doctarum hederæ præmia fronwine called Port, from Oporto, a city of Portugal, tium, or, Te doctarum hedera.—By this the learn. of which this professor invited him to drink abun-ed scholiast would seem to insinuate that the difpantly. Scip. Mars. De Compotationibus Aca: pute was not about Meum and Tuum, which is a demicis. [And to the opinion of Maffei inclineih mistake : for, as a venerable tage observeth, Words the fagacious Annotator on Dr. King's “ Advice are the counters of wisemen, but the money of to Horace."]

fools ; so that we see their property was indeed Ver. 210. Aristarchus. ) A famous Commentator concerned.

SCRIBL. and Corrector of Homer, whose name has been Ver. 222. Or give up Cicero to Cor K.] frequently used to signify a complete critic. The Grammatical disputes about the manner of procompliment paid by our author to this eminent nouncing Cicero's name in Greek. It is a dir. profeffor, in applying to him so great a name, was pute whether in Latin the name of Hermagoras the reason that he hath omitted to comment on thould end in as or a. Quintilian quotes Cicero this part which contains his own praises. We as writing it Hermagora, which Bentley rejects, Tall therefore supply that loss to our best ability and says Quintilian must be mistaken, Cicero

SCRIBL. could not write it lo, and that in this case he Ver. 214. Critics like meo] Alluding to two would not believe Cicero himself. These are his famous editions of Horace and Milton; whose very words: Ego vero Ciceronem ita feripfifle ne richest veins of poetry he had prodigally reduced Ciceroni quidem affirmanui crediderim.--Epift

. ad to the poorest and most beggarly profe.-Verily Mill. in fin. Frag. Menand. ec Phil. the learned scholiaft is grievously mistaken. Ari. Ver. 223, 224. Freind--Alsop) Dr. Robert ftarchus is not boasting here of the wonders of his Freind, matter of Westminster-school, and canon art in annihilating the sublime; but of the useful. of Christ Church-Dr. Antholiy Allop, a happy wels of it, in reducing the turgid to its proper | imitator of the Horatian style. claf; the words " make it prole again," plainly Ver. 236. Manilius and Solinus) Some critica

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