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In every loom our labours shall be seen,

One on his manly confidence refies, And the fresh vomit run for ever green !

One on his vigour and superior fize. See in the circle next, Eliza plac'd,

First Osborne lean'd againtt his letter'd post : Two babes of love clofe clinging to her waist; It rose, and labour'd to a curve at most. Fair as before her works she stands confess'd, 159 So Jove's bright bow displays its watery round In Aowers and pearls by bounteous Kirkall dress'd. (Surc sign that no spectator shall be drown'd). The goddess then : “Who beft can send on high A second effort brought but new disgrace,

The salient spout, far streaming to the sky; The wild Meander wath'd the artist's face : “ His be yon Juno of majestic size,

Thus the small jet, which halty hands unlock, * With cow-like udders, and with ox-like eyes. Spirts in the gardener's eyes who turns the cock. * This China Jordan let the chief o'ercome Not so from Thameless Curll; impetuous fpread * Replenith, not inglorioudy, ac home."

The stream, and smoking, flourishid o'er his head.. Osborne and Curll accept the glorious strife, So (fam'd like thee for turbulence and horns) 181 (Though this his son diffuades, and that his wife.) Eridanus his humble fountain scorns ;

Through half the heavens he pours ch' exalted


His rapid waters in their passage burn. manner, the profligate licentiousness of those thameless scribblers (for the most part of that sex which ought least to be capable of such malice or impudence) wbo, in libellous memoirs and novels, « his works hawked for sale in a manner so fatal seveal che faults or misfortunes of both sexes, to to his fame! How, with honour to yourself, the ruin of public fane, or disturbances of private “ and justice to your subscribers, can this be done! bappiness. Our good poet, fby the whole cast of “ What an ingratitude to be charged on the only his work being obliged not to take off the irony) “ honest poet that lived in 1738! and than whorn where he could not show bis indignation, hath “ virtue has not had a fhriller trumpeter for mafhown his contenipt, as much as possible; having“ ny ages! That you were once generally admired here drawn as vile a picture as could be represent “ and esteemed, can be denied by none; but tbat od in the colours of epic poesy.

SCRIBL. you and your works are now despifed, is veriIbid. Eliza Haywood; this woman was autho “ fied by this faa :" which being utterly false, sels of those moft scandalous books called the did not indeed much humble the author, but Court of Carimania, and the New Utopia. For drew this jutt chastisement on the bookseller. the two babes of love, see Curll, Key, p. 22. But Ver. 183. Through half the heavens he pours whacever reflection he is pleased to throw upon th' exalted urn;} In a manuscript Dunciad (where this lady, furely it was what from him the little are some marginal corrections of some gentlemen deserved, who had celebrated Curll's undertakings some time deccafed) I have found another reading for reformation of manners, and declared herself of these lines : chus, " to be fo perfectly acquainted with the sweetness " of his disposition, and that tenderness with “ And lifts his urn, through half the heavens to w which he considered the errors of his fellow

“ flow; * creatures ; that, though she should find the little “ His rapid waters in their passage glow." hoc inadvertencies of her own life recorded in his

papers, she was certain it would be done in such This I cannot but think the right : For, first, a ibanner as the could not but approve.” Mrs. though the difference between burn and glow Haywood, Hift. of Clar. printed in the Female may seem not very material to others, to me I Dunciad, p. 18.

confess the latter has an elegance, a je ne sçay Ver. 160. Kirkall,] the name of an engraver. quoy, which is much eafier to be conceived chan Some of this lady's works were printed in four explained. Secondly, every reader of our poet volumes in 12mo, with her picture thus dressed must have observed how frequently he uses this up before them.

word glow in other parts of his works: To inVer. 167. Osborne, Thomas) A bookseller in Itance only in his Homer : Gray's Inn, very well qualified by his impudence to act this part ; therefore placed bere instead of (1.) Iliad ix. ver. 726. Withone resentment glows, a less deserving predecessor. (Chapman, the pub-12.) Iliad xi. ver 926. There the battle glows. lilher of Mrs. Haywood's New Utopia, &c.] This (3.) Ibid. ver. 98ś. l'he closing tlesh that inftant man published advertisements for a year together, ceas'd to glow pretending to sell Mr. Pope's Subscription books (4.) Iliad xii. ver. 45. Encompass’d Hector glowsa of Homer's lliad at half the price : Of which book (3.) Ibid. ver. 475. His beating breast with gen he had none, but cut to the size of them (which aerous ardour glows. was quarto) the common books in folio, without (6) Iliad xvii. ver. 591. Another part glow'd copper-plates, on a worse paper, and never above with refulgent arms. half the value.

(7.) Ibid. ver. 654. And curl'a on älyer props in Upon this advertisement the Gazetteer ha

order glow. sangued thus, July 6, 1739, “ How melancholy " muft it be to a writer to be so unhappy as to fus I am afraid of growing coo luxuriant in care



Swift as it mounts, all follow with their eyes : Unlucky Welfted! thy unfecling master, Still happy impudence obtains the prize.

The more thou ticklest, gripes his filt the faster. 210 Thou triumph'lt, victor of the high-wrought day, While thus each hand promotes the pleasing pain, And the pleas'd dame, soft smiling, lead'it away. And quick sensations skip from vein to vein ; Osborne, through perfect modesty o'ercome, A youth unknown to Phæbus, in despair, Crown'd with the Jordan, walks contented home. Puts his last refuge all in heaven and prayer.

But now for authors nobler palms remain; 191 What force have pious vows! The queen of love Room for my lord! threc jockeys in his train ; Her fifter sends, her votaress, from above, Six huntsmen with a fhouc precede his chair : As, taught by Venus, Paris learnt the art He grins, and looks broad nonsense with a ftare. To touch Achilles' only tender part ; His honour's meaning Dulness thus cxprelt, Secure, through her, the noble prize to carry, « He wins this patron who can tickle best.” He marches off, his grace's secretary.

He chinks his purse, and takes his seat of stase: Now turn to different sports (the goddess cries) With ready quills the dedicators wait;

And learn, my fons, the wondrous power of noise. Now at his head the dextrous talk commence, To move, to raise, to ravith every heart, And, instant, fancy feels th' imputed sense ; With Shakspeare's nature, or with Jonson's art, Now gentle touches wanton o'er his face,

Let others aim : 'Tis yours to shake the soul He struts Adonis, and affects grimace;

With thunder rumbling from the mustard-bowl, Rolli the feather to his ear conveys,

With horns and trumpets now to madness swell, Then his nice taste directs our operas :

Now sink in sorrows with a rolling bell! Bentley his mouth with classic flattery opes, Such happy arts attention can como

mmand, And the puff'd orator bursts out in tropes. When fancy flags, and sensc is at a stand. 230 But Welled most the poet's hcaling balm

Improve we chese. Three cat-calls be the bribe Strives to extract from his soft, giving palm; of him, whose chattering frames the monkey

tribe :
And his this drum, whose hoarse heroic bass.

Drowns the loud clarion of the braying ass.

Now thousand congues are heard in one loud Ver. 205. In former edit. Welded.

din : Ver. 207. In the first edit.

The monkey-mimics rush discordant in;
But Oldmixon the poet's healing balm, &c.
And again in ver. 209. Unlucky Oldmixon !


mon to Celia at Bath, which was meant for a faREMARKS.

tire on Mr. P. and some of his friends about the ples, or I could ftretch this catalogue to a great year 1718. [He writ other things which we canextent; but these are enough to prove his fondness not remember. Smedley, in his Metamorphosis of for this beautiful word, which, therefore let all Scriblerus, mentions one, the hymn of a gentlefuture editions replace here.

man to his Creator : And there was another in I am aware, after all, that burn is the proper praise either of a cellar, or a garret. L. W. chaword to convey an idea of what was said to be Mr. racterised in the IT spe Bules, or the Art of Sinking, Curll's condition at this time : But from that very as a didapper, and after as an cel, is said to be this reason I infer the dirce contrary. For surely person, by Dennis, Daily Journal of May 11, every lover of our author will conclude he had 1728. He was also characterised under another more humanity than to insult a man on such a animal, a mole, by the author of the ensuing simile, misfortune or calamity, which could never befal ( which was handed about at the same time: him purely by his own faolt, but from an unhap

“ Dear Welsted, mark, in dirty hole, py communication with another. This note is half

“ That painful animal, a mole : Mr. Theobald, half SCRIBL.

“ Above ground never born to grow ; Ver. 203. Paolo Antonio Rolli,) an Icalian poet, and writer of many operas in that language,

“ What mighty ftir it keeps below! which, partly by the help of his genius, prevailed

“ To make a mole-hill all his frise! in England pear twenty years. He taught Italian

“ It digs, pokes, undermines for life.

“ How proud a little dirt to spread; to fome fine gentlemen, who affc&ted to direct the

“ Conscious of nothing o'er its head! operas.

« Till, labouring on for want of eyes, Ver. 205. Bentley his mouth, &c.] Not spoken

“ It blunders into light and dies."] of the famous Dr. Richard Bentley, but of one Thomas Bentley, a small critic, who aped his uncle You have him again in book iii. ver. 169. in a little Horace The great one was intended Ver. 226. With thunder rumbling from the to be dedicated to the Lord Halifax, but (on a mustard-bowl,] The old way of making thunder charge of the ministry) was given to the Earl of and mustard were the fame! buc lince, it is more Oxford: for which reafor the little one was dedi. advantageously performed by troughs of wood cated to his fin the Lord Harley

with stops in them. Whether Mr. Dennis was Ver. 27. Welfted] 1.eonard Welsted, author the inventor of that improveinent, I know not; of the Triumvirate, or a better in verse from Pala• l but it is certain, that being once at a tragedy of a

'Twas chattering, grinning, niouthing, jabbering This labour past, by Bridewell all descend,

(As morning-prayers and flagellation eod) 270
And Noise and Norcon, Brangling and Breval,
Dennis and Diffonance, and captious Art,
And Snip-snap short, and loterruption smart, 240
And Demonstration thin, and 'Theses thick,

so long.) A just character of Sir Richard BlackAnd Major, Minor, and Conclusion quick.

more, Knt. who (as Mr. Dryden exprefseth it)
Hold (cry'd the queen); A cal-call each hall win; “ Writ to the rumbling of his coach's wheels;"
Equal your merits! equal is your din!
But that this well-disputed game may end,

and whose indefatigable mase produced no less Sound forth, my brayers, and the welkin rend.

than fix epic poems : Prince and King Arthur, As when the long-ear'd milky mochers wait

twenty books; Eliza, ten; Alfred, twelve; the ReAt some fick miser's triple-bolted gate,

deemer, fix ; besides Job, in folio; the whole book For their defrauded, absent foals they make

of Pfalms; the Creation, seven books; Nature of

Man, three books; and many more. It is in this A moan fo loud, that all the Guild awake!

250 sense he is ftyled afterwards the everlasting Black Sore fighs Sir Gilbert, Karting at the bray, From dreams of millions, and three groats to pay: seems assured, “ that this admirable author did

more. Notwithstanding all which, Mr. Gildog So swells each wind pipe : ass intones to ass, Harmonic twang! of leather, horn, and brass;

not think himself upon the same foot with HoSuch as from labouring lungs th' cathusiast blows,

“ mer.” Comp. Art of Poetry, vol. i. p. 108. High sounds, attemper'd to the vocal nose;

But how different is the judgment of the author Or such as bellow from the deep divine; (thine. of Characters of the Times ? p. 25. who says, There, Webkter! peal'd thy voice, and Whitfield!

“ Sir Richard Blackmore is unfortunate in hapBut far o'er all fonorous Blackmore's ftrain;

pening to mistake his proper talents; and that Walls, steeples, skies, bray back to himn again. 266

“ he has not for many years been so much as In Tottenham fields, the brethren, with amaze,

named, or even thought of among writers.”Prick all their ears up, and forget to graze!

Even Mr. Dennis differs greatly from his friend

Mr, Gildon : « Blackmore's action (Taith he) has Long Chancery-lane retentive rolls the found,

“ neither unity, nor integrity, nor morality, nor And courts to courts return it round and round; Thames wafts it thence to Rufus' roaring hall,

“ universality; and consequently he can have no And Hungerford re-echoes bawl for bawl.

“ fable, and no heroic poem : His narration is

“ neither probable, delightful, nor wonderful; All hail him victor in both gifts of song,

“ his characters have none of the necessary qualiWho sings so loudly, and who sings so long.

“ fications; the things contained in his narration

are oeither in their own nature delightful, nor

“ numerous enough, nor rightly disposed, nor VARIATIONS.

surprising, nor pathetic.” Nay, he proceeds fo Ver. 241, 242. added since the first edition. far as to say Şir Richard has no genius; firkt lay, Ver. 257, 258. This couplet is an addition. ing down, that "genius is caused by a furious joy

" and pride of soul, on the conception of an exREMARKS.

“ traordinary hint. Many men (says he) have new author, he fell into a great passion at hearing “ their hints, without these motions of fury and fome, and cried, “ 'Sdcath! that is my thunder," “ pride of soul, because they want fire enough to

Ver. 238. Norton,] See vcr. 417. J. Durant “ agitace their fpirits; and these we call cold Breval, author of a very extraordinary book of “ writers. Others who have a great deal of fire, travels, and some poems. See before, note on “ but have not excellent organs, feel the fore. ver. 126.

“ mentioned nocions, without the extraordinary Ver. 258. Webster-and Whitfield] [The one “ hints; and these we call fuftian writers. But the writer of a newspaper called the Weekly Mil " he declares that Sir Richard had neither the cellany, the other a field preacher. This thought" hints nor the motions.” Remarks on Prince the only means of advancing religion was by the Arthur, octavo, 1696. Preface. new-birth of spiritual madness: That by the old This gentleman in his firit works abused the death of fire and faggot : and therefore they a character of Mr. Dryden; and in his lalt, of Mr. greed in this, though in no other earthly thing, to Pope, accusing him in very high terms of profase. abuse all the fober clergy. From the small success nels and immorality (Exay on Police Writing, of these two extraordinary persons, we may learn vol. ii. p. 270.) on a mere report from Edni. how little hurtful bigotry and enthusiasm aře, Curll, that he was author of a traveftie on the fire while the civil magistrate prudently forbears to pfalm. Mr. Dennis took up the same report, but lend his power to the one, in order to the employ- with the addition of what Sir Richard had noing it against the other.)

glected, an argument to prove it; which being Ver. 263. Long Chancery-lane) The place very curious, we thall bere transcribe." It was where the offices of Chancery are kept. The “ he who burlesqued the Plalms of David. It is long detention of clients in that court, and the dif-“ apparent to me that plalm was burlesqued by * ficulty of getting out, is humouroully allegorized “ Popish rhymester. Le rhyming perlons who in these lines.

" have been brought up Proteftants be otherwise Ver. 268. Who fings so loudly, and who fings | " what they will, let them be rakes, Ict shetu bos

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To where Fleet-ditch with disemboguing streams Then sighing thus, “ And am I now threescore ? Rolls the large tribute of dead dogs to shames, " Ah, why, ye gods! should two and two make The king of dikes! than whom no Buice of mud

“ four ?" With deeper sabie blots the filver food.

He said, and climb'd a stranded lighter's height, " Here trip, my children ! here at once leap in, Shot to the black abyss, and plung'd downright. * Here prove who best can dash through thick and The senior's judgment all the crowd admire, * thin,

Who, but to link the deeper, rose che higher. 200 a And who the moft in love of dirt excel,

Next Smedley div'd; flow circles dimpled o'er " Or dark dexterity of groping well.

The quaking mud, that clos'd and op'd no more. " Who flings moft alth, and wide pollutes around all look, all figh, and call on Smedley loft ; • The stream, be his the weekly journals bound; Smedley in vain resounds through all the coaft. * A pig of lead tu him who dives the beft; 281 Then * * essay'd ; scarce vanish'd out of light, " A peck of coats a-piece shall glad the rett." He buoys up inftant, and returns to light :

to taked majesty Oldmixon ttands,
dad, Milo-like, surveys his arms and hands ;

Ver. 295. in former edit.
Then * *

wy'd, but hardly snatch'd from light.' VARIATION. Ve 283. In former edit.

Ver. 280. The weekly journals } Papers of trews -great Dennis stands.

and scandal, intermixed, on different sides and par

ties, and frequently shifting from one file to the REMARKS.

other, called the Lond n Journal, British Journal, * {conndrels, let them be atheists, yet education Daily Jonrnal, &c. the concealed writers oi which, " has made an invincible impreslion on them in be- for some time, were Oldmixon, Roome, Arnall, "half of the facred writings. But a Popith rhyme- Concanen, and others; persons never feen by out "Iter has been brought up with a contempi 'for author. " those facred writings; now show me another Po Ver. 283. In naked majesty Oldmisoa fands. "pith rhymester but he." This manner of argu Mr John Oldmixon, next to Mr. Dennis, the moft mentation is usual with Mr. Bennis; he has em ancient critic of our nation ; an unjust cenfurer of ployed the fame against Sir Richard himself, in a Mr. Addison, in his proft Essayon Caticism, whom like charge of impiety and irreligion. “ All Mr. also in his imitation of Bouhours (called the Asts • Blackmore's celestial machines, as they cannot of Logic and Rhetoric) he mifrepresents in plain " be defended so much as by common received matter of fa&; for in p. 45. he cites the Spectator * Upinion, fo are they dircaly contrary to te as abusing Dr. Swift by name, where there is not "dorme of the Church of England; for the vi- the least hint of it; and in p. 304. is so injurious * Sble descent of an angel must be a miracle. Now as to fuggeft that Mr. Addison himfelf writ that *it is the doctrine of the Church of England, that Tatler, No. 43. ; which says of his own fimile, *miracles had cealed a long time before Prince that “ 'Tis as great as ever entered into the mind "Arthur cime into the world. Now, if the doc

"In poetry he was not so happy as #trine of the Church of England be true, as we “ laborious, and therefore characterised by the T.t* are obliged to believe, then are all the celestial “ ler, No. 62. by the name of Omicron the unborn *machines in Prince Arthur unfufferable, as want “ poct." Carll, Key, p. 13 " *le writ dramatic *ing not only human, but divine probability. But “ works, and a volume of poetry, consisting of he"if the machines are sufferable, that is, if they “ roic epistles, &c. some whereof were very well " have so much as divine probability, then it fol. “ done,” said that great judge, Mr. Jacob, in his "lows of necessity, that the doctrinc of the Church | Lives of Pets, vol. ii. p. 303. *.js false. So I leave it to every impartial clergy In his Essay on Criticism, and the Arts of Logic

man to consider,” &c.-- Preface to the Remarks and Rhetoric, he frequently reflects on our author. * Price Artbur.

But the top of his character was a perverter of Ver. 270 (As morning prayer and flagellation history, in that scandalous one of the Scuarts, in bad)] It is between eleven and twelve in the morn folio, and his Critical History of England, two voing, after church fervite, that the criminals are lumes, 8vo. Being employed by Bifhop Kennet in whipe in Bridewell

. - This is to mark punctually publifhing the historians in his colle&tion, he falfithe time of the day : Homer does it by the cir- fied Daniel's Chronicle in numberless places. Yet carritzice of the judges rising from court, or of this very man, in the preface to the first of these the labour-** dinner : our author by one very pro- books, advanced a particular faa, to charge three per, both to the persons, and the scene of his po. eminent persons of fallfying the Lord Clarendon's ett), which we may remember commenced in the History; which fact has been disproved by Dr. Attrening of the Lord Mayor's day : The firft book | cerbury, late Bishop of Rochester, then the only passed in that pight; the dext merning the games i Survivor of them; and the particular part he prebegin in the Strand, thence along Fleet-ftreet (pla- tended to be falsified, produced since, after almort ees inhabited by bookfellers), then they proceed ninety years, in that noble author's original maby Bridewell, tovard Fleet-ditch; and lastly, nuscript. He was all bis life a virulent parts-wrikarough Ludgate, to the city and the temple of ter for hire, and received his reward in a small the goddess.

place, which he enjoyed to his death. VOL.VIII

" of man.

He bears no tokens of the fabler streams, Ask ye their names! I could as suon disclose
And mounts far off among the swans of Thames. The names of these blind puppies as of those. 319

True to the bottom, sce Concanen creep, Fall by, like Niobe (her children gone)
A cold, long-winded, native of the deep : 300 Sits Mother Osborne, stupify'd co itone!
If perseverance gain the diver's prize,

And monumental brass chis record bears, Not everlasting Blackmore this denies :

« These arem-ah no! these were the gazetteers :" No noise, no ftir, no motion canst thou make, Not so, bold Arnall; with a weight of skull, Th’unconscious stream fleeps o'er thee like a lake. Furious he dives, precipitately dull.

Next plung'd a feeble, but a desperate pack, Whirlpools and forms his circling arm inveft, With each a sickly brother at his back :

With all the might of gravitation bleft. Sons of a day 'just buoyant on the flood,

No crab more active in the dirty dance, 319 Then number'd with the puppies in the mud. Downward to climb, and backward to advance,




After ver. 298. in the first edit. followed these : Ver. 315. In first edit.
For worse unhappy Dos succeeds,

Not Welted fo : drawn endlong by his kull,
He search'd for coral, but he gather'd weeds. Furiously he finks, percipitately dull.
Ver. 305.-314. Not in former edit.“

Ver. 306, 30%. With each a fickly brother at
Ver. 291. Next Smedley div'd.] In the furrep. his back-Sons of a day, &c.] These were daily
titious editions, this whole episode was applied to papers,' a nomber of which, to lessen the expence,
an initial letter E-, by whom, if they meant the were printed one on the back of another.
Jaureat, nothing was more absurd, no part agree Ver. 312.. Odborne.) A name assumed by the
ing with his character. The allegory evidently eldest and gravest of these writers, who at lait be.
demands a person dipped in scandal, and deeply ing ashamed of his pupils, gave his paper over, and
immersed in dirty work; whereas Mr. Eusden's in his age remained filent.
writings rarely offended but by their length and Ver. 314. Gazetteers.) We ought not to sup.
multitude; and accordingly are taxed of nothing pose that a modera critic here taxeth the poet
else in book i. ver 102. But the person here men with an anachronism, affirming these gazetteers
tioned, an Irishman, was author and publisher of not to have lived within the time of his poem,
many fcurrilous pieces, a weekly Whitehall Jour- and challenging us to produce any such paper of
pal, in the year 1722, in the name of Sir James that date. But we may with equal assurance assert
Baker; and particularly whole volumes of Billingf- these gazetteers not to have lived fince, and chale
gate against Dr. Swift and Mr. Pope, called Gulli. lenge all the learned world to produce one such
vcriana and Alexandriana, printed in 8vo, 1728. paper at this day. Surely, therefore, where the

Ver. 295. Then ** eslay'd.] A gentleman of point is so obfcure, our author ought not to be genius and spirit, who was secretly dipt in some censured too rafhly.

SCRIBL. papers of this kind, on whom our poet bestows a Notwithstanding this affected ignorance of the panegyric instead of a satire, as deserving to be bet- good Scriblerus, the Daily Gazetieer was a title ter employed than in party-quarrels, and personal given very properly to certain papers, each of invectives.

which lasted but a day. Into this, as a common Ver. 299 Concanen.) Matthew Concanen, an fink, was received all the trash, which had been Irishman, bred to the law. Smedley (one of his before dispersed in several journals, and circulated brethren in enmity to Swift) in his Metamorpho at the public expence of the nation. The authors fis of Scriblerus, p. 7. accuses him of “having were the same obscure men : though sometimes * boasted of what he had not written, but others relieved by occasional essays from it acesmen, coor. " had revised and done for him." He was author tiers, bishops, deans, and doctors. The meaner of several dull and dead (currilities in the Britih sort were rewarded with moncy; others with and London Journals, and in a paper called the places or benefices, from an hundred to a thousand Specularit. In a pamphlet, called a Supplement to a year. It appears from the report of the secret the Profound, he dealt very unfairly with our committee for inquiring into the conduct of R. poet," not only frequently imputing to him Mr. Earl of O. “ That no less than fifty thousand Broome's verses (for which he might indeed seem • seventy-seven pounds eighteen shilings, were in some degree accountable, having corrected what “paid to authors and printers of newspapers, such that gentleman did) but those of the Duke of Buck “as Free Britons, Daily Courants, Corn Cutter's ingham, and others. To this rare piece somebody “ Journals, Gazetteers, and other political papers, humorously caused him to take for his motto, “ between Feb 10, 1731, and Feb. 10, 1741." “ De profundis clamavi.” He was fince a hired which shows the benevolence of one minister, to fcribier in the Daily Courant, where he poured have expended, for the current dulness of ten years forth much Billingsgate against the Lord Boling- in Britain, double the sum which gained Louis broke, and others; after which this man was fur. XIV. so much honour, in annual pensions to learnprisingly promoted to administer justice and law ed men all over Europe. In which, and in a in Jamaica.

much longer time, not a penfion at court, nor prey

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