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Vessels from North America.
Ports from whence General Contents of Lading. Veffels.

No. of
the Ships came.

s The vessels from these places
bring the fame commodities,

viz. flour, bread, beef, pork,
From New York, hams, dried and pickled fish,
From Boston, onions, apples, corn, pease,
From Rhode Isand, rice, soap, cheese, and can-
From New-London, dles ; horses, Theep, hogs,
From Piscataway, ducks, geese, and turkies; but-
From Salem. ter, lard, tallow, pitch, oil, tar,

and turpentine; planks, boards,

staves, hoops, headings, shin-
i gles, and bricks.

Bread, Aour, hams, and

From Philadelphia. <lumber, Staves, hoops, head- {

į gammons; iron in bars, bricks,

ada ] 42

(ing, shingles, &c.

From Virginia and r Pease, flour, bread, pork,

Maryland ; of

which one called

bacon, soap, candles, tar, and >


at Madeira.

From Nor. & South ( Rice, leather, lumber, shin- (

Carolina, Georgia, 3 ol


and Cape Fair. (8

gles, and tar,

From the Islands of Braziletto, turtle, salt, fifh,

· Bermudas, Turk, 3 poultry, onions, and building

and Providence. (stones.

Vessels trading to the Main.
From different Parts S Mules, horses, cocao, and } 22

of the Coast. { some gold and silver specie. Š 23
From Hispaniola.

S Mules, indigo, and a few 2

{ wines (1).

From Curassoa. Mules

Carried forward


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Vessels trading to the Main.
Brought forward
From the Bay of Loowood.

From the Musquito S Mahogany, cedar, logwood,

I cacoa, and turtle.

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Total of Vessels trading to Jamaica (m).
North American
From the Coast and the neighbouring Islands

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The value of the principal commodities, annually imported into Jamaica, comes next under our Author's consideration; he would willingly,' he tells us, have gone through s the whole, could the quantities or value of them be ascer

tained; but this was impossible, where the greatest part of ( the imports pay no duties; and many principal articles are

entered so confusedly, that no just calculation can be made,

either of their quantities or value;' for which reason he takes notice of only such as admit no doubt.

• The most expensive articles,' he observes,

are those immediately introduced from Eng• land; the value of these has been lately 6 calculated, to be laid before the parliament; " and, on an exact computation, for four < years, ending in December 1751, has been « found, at a medium, to amount to $ 2617281. 55. fterl. per annum, which, o in that island, would amount to 4589241.

8s. gd. currency, as goods are generally o debited there(n). But as we may reasonably

• suppose

(m) Our author is a little mistaken in the addition of these several totals; for, tho' according to his account of particulars, the amount of the whole number of ships is as we have flated it; he makes the total of European vessels 189, and of North American 230.

(n) It is to be wished our Author had informed us at what rate European and other foreign goods are commonly debited in Jamaica ; or by what rule he has been guided (not only in this, but also in fume D4

other lo so d. suppose a fourth part of these, at the most « moderate calculation, to be imported by the « Planters themselves, and subject to none of o those extraordinary charges to which debited

goods are liable;' the Doctor computes the s annual amount of thie whole at -- 431676 8 31

To which he adds, for expences of Planters residing in England, and in the education of their youth here

70000 00 For new Negros, 6624,

235000 oo Irish provisions, in the year 1752, were as follows, viz. 1992 1 barrels of bect, 4307. barrels of pork, and 15876 firkins of butter, rated at 874931. But deduciing for what may be imported by the Planters themselves, this sum will be reduced to

78309 17 0 Madeira wines, 827 pipes,

26464 00 North American commodities (0) - 75000 00


Total of Imports, currency, 916450

5 3}

Which is equal to, sterling, 654607 67

From this state of the Jamaica trade, a tolerabie judgment, we apprehend, may be formed of the opulence of its inhabitants, and the advantages derived from that island to Great

other respects) in forming his calculations, several of which, especially in the larger numbers, seem very doubtful; nor is it posible, for want of this knowlege, to judge with any tolerable exaciness of their rectitude. We would not have Dr. Brown entertain any opinion, that our mention of this, or of some other evident mistakes, was made with a view of depreciating his verk. We believe he is often pretty nearly in the right; but it would certainly be a greater satisfaction to his readers to find him perfectly fo. One, and not the lealt, purpose, in these remarks, was 10 put him in mind of revising his arithmetical computations; in which, as his plan is not compleated in this volume, he may, in his future publication, take an opportunity of rectifying the errors he shall find; and, Surely, the discovery will come with a better grace from himself than any body else.

(0) The imports from North America are, juftly, observed to be the articles molt immediately necessary for a Sugar Colony. The Doctor rates them at 70 or 80000l. per annum, we have taken the medium.


Britain and Ireland. If our Author is not always correct, there is this in his favour, that he appears to have spared no pains to get information, and to have consulted proper materials. We have, indeed, differed from him in the arrangement of his accounts, and with a double view; one, for the ease of our readers, the other, for the sake of taking up as little room as possible. Under our circumstances, of being much in arrear for many publications, brevity, so far as it can be made compatible with due information, is the one thing, at present, particularly needful for us to study.

This Section concludes with an account of the Public Revenues of the island: these are of two forts; one for the service, and under the immediate direction of the Crown, raised by established laws for that purpose.

l. S. d. ist, · By duties on foreign wines, and other • fpirituous liquors; on foreign indigo, cacoa,

tobacco, cotton, and English refined sugar, (which, at a medium, for seven years past, « amount (annually) to about

11000 OO 2dly, · By the quit-rents of about one milolion and five or six hundred thousand acres of • land, that are already patented in that island, • and pay at the rate of a halfpenny per acre;

and the interest on quit-rent bonds, at 10 per o cent. which, taken at a medium for several ( years, amounts to

4000 OO 3dly, By escheats and casualties, which < seldom amount to less than a

1000 0 0

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(p) His Majesty has been graciously pleased to consent, that the • monies (thus raised] should be always laid out in promoting the • welfare and security of the island, and in paying the public off* cers, whose salaries he was pleased to consent should be regulated

and appointed in the following manner, viz.

I. s. d.
To the Governor for the time being 2500 oo o per Ann.
To the Auditor-General

202 100
To the Chief Justice

- 120 00 O To the several Landwaiters - 120 00 O To the Captain of the Train - 45 12 6

The The other part is levied by certain imposts, proportioned to the occasional necessities of the Colony; nor can the monies so raised, be appropriated or disposed of without the consent and approbation of the community. These at present are, ist, · By duties on wine, rum, and other fpirituous, liquors, « fold by retail (g), about

- £.8000 0 0 2dly, By a deficiency tax, or tax laid on • such as do not keep and maintain a number of 6 white servants proportioned to the number of ( their slaves and cattle. This tax was first in<stituted to promote the importation of white • people; and to oblige every man of interest " to encourage them, both for the safety and ( welfare of the Colony; but the neglect of the 6 public on this occasion, now produces a settled revenue of about

8000 0 0 3dly, By an impost on imported Negros, computed, at a medium, to produce about 7500 0 0

£. 23500 0 0

Out of this sum the Governor, for the time being, we are told, is usually complimented with an additional salary of 2500l. a year; and every Officer of the regiment with an annual present; its further application is to encourage new settlers, to relieve the distressed, and promote industry..

In section 4, the inhabitants, and their manner of living, are described, and a few natural curiosities mentioned: The inhabitants our Author has, not injudiciously, classed into Planters, Settlers, Merchants, and Dependents; besides Negros. He appears to have studied the manners of each class with some attention, and to have done equal justice to the several characters. With respect to their method of living, their buildings, furniture, and habits, are, as in other countries, proportioned to their fortunes. The rich live fumptuously every day; and those in inferior circumstances, as well as they can.- The curiosities here noticed are, 1. The

(9) Kingîon alone, according to our Author, pays to this tax about 1951. a week; which is more than two thirds of the whole produce. · Considering the number of shipping places round the island, in most, if not all which, there are tippling houses, resorted to by the sailors, who are generally known to be no enemies to liquor, nor very sparing of their money, it may, perhaps, be doubted whether the produce of this tax is not here somewhat under-rated.


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