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2 Cor. last chap. and verse.—Thus faith Tertullian, “ It doth “ appear, that the Father, the Son, and the Holy, Ghost, are “ Three Perfons, yet constituted but one God in Essence.” “ therefore that would be saved, must thus think of the Trinity.” Athanafius's Creed.

See Ignatius, St. Cyprian, Justin Martyr, St. Bafil, Theophilus, of Antioch. &c. See also Stilling fleet on the Trinity, Pearson on the Creed, Hooper, Prideaux, Bp. Beveridge, Archdeacon Welchman, and the Rev. Mr. Romaine, in his late Discourses on the Creeds.

Art. II. Of the Word or Son of God, which was made

very Man.

HE Son, which is the Word of the Father,

begotten from everlasting of the Father, the very and eternal God, and one substance with the Father, took man's nature in the womb of the bles. sed virgin, of her substance : so that two whole and perfect natures, that is to say, the Godhead and Manhood, were joined together in one Person, never to be divided, whereof is one Christ, very God, and very Man, who truly suffered, was crucified dead and buried, to reconcile his Father to us, and to be a Sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but also for actual fins of men.

The Son, &c.] The second person in the blessed Trinity, is that very Word, which was declared by St. John, chap. i. saying, In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. This is spoken of Christ, therefore Christ is God; See also lsa. ix. 6. Bogotten of the Father from everlasting ; and therefore very God, See Psal. ii. 7. John i. 18. Acts xiii. 33. Heb. i. 5. John xvii. 3. Matt. i. 23. Jufin Martyr, faith, The word being the First- begotten of God, is also God.” So fith Origin, Irenæus, &c. Thus “ The Godhead of the Father, • of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, are all one, in power “ Co-eternal together, and co-equal," Arbanasis's Creed.

Very of God,

Very and eternal God.) Not metaphorically, but properly fo called, who is over all, God blessed for evermore. Amen. See Rom. ix. 5. Isa. xl. 3. Hosea i. 7. John XX. 28. Again, Chrift faith, I am the first and the last, the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and end, Rev. xxii. 30. Again, I and my Father are one, John X. 30. Col. ii. 19.–And St. Peter with the rest boldly declared, saying, Thou art Chrif the Son of the living God. Matt. xvi. 16. and John vi. 69. “ The very word, the very truth, and very life.” Saith Origin.

Cbrift took Man's nature, in the womb of the blessed virgix.] Therefore very man, according to God's promise. The feed of the woman, shall braise the serpants head, (i. e. Satan), fee Geo. iii. 15. also Gen. xlix. 10. Again, Behold a virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, Isa. vii. 14.-—And she was found with Child of tbe Holy Ghost, Matt, i. 18. Luke i. 27. « That

ray “ faith St. Cyprian, descended into a virgin, and put on flesh by “ the operation of the Holy Ghoft." Hence the divine and human nature of Christ were united together in one person according to the holy scriptures, never to be separated. For the word was made flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld bis glory, faith the evangelist, John i. 14. Again, Cbrift took not on bim the nature of angels, but be took on him the feed of Abraham, (according to the felh) “ that he might be a merciful and a faithful high priest, in things pertaining unto God; to make reconciliation for the fias of the people, Heb. ii. 16, 17. and to give his life a ransom for many," i Tim. iii. 6. Eph. ii. 16. 17. As St. Peter also hath declared, when the multitude (touched with a sense of their fins) cried out, saying, What shall we do? He answered, and said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Chrift, and ye shall be saved. See Acts ii. 37. and xvi. 30, 31.-" Therefore the true faith is, that we believe and confess, that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, by ineffable generation from eternity, is both God and Man. Athan. Creed. See Heb. i. 5, 6. also Isa. liii. 8.

Who truely suffered.) “ According to the human nature, for as to the divine nature it was impossible,” Matt. xxvii. (Clement of Rome.) That Chrift did truly suffer in Body, Hunger, Third, Pain, &c. yet not for his own fins, for be knew no fin, neither was guilc found in his mouth. 1 Pet. ii. 21. But for our fins, and our ini, quities was be bruised, faith the prophet Isa. liii. 5. John iv. 7. xix. 28, 29. Luke xix. 41, and Heb. ix. 25, 26. “ Chrift bled

66 and

« and suffered all the wrath of God, as faith St. Clement.Again “ Chrift

gave

his blood for us ; his flesh for our flesh, and his soul 6 for our souls,” saith Ignatius.

He was crucified, dead, and buried. See John xix. 18, 20. Matt. xxvii. 35–60. Luke xxiii. 53.] “ To reconcile his Father unto " us”, or rather, as St. Paul faith, to reconcile us (Gentiles as well as Jews,) unto God, Rom. v. 10. 2 Cor. v. 18, 19. Eph. ii. 16, 17. For he gave himself a ransom for all Men, 1 Tim. ii. 6. 1 John ii. 2. Suffering for our fins, the just for the unjust, to bring us to God, Peter, i Ep. iii. 18. John i. 29. and lfa. liii. 4, 5, 6. Surely, he hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows 6. Thus it behoved Christ to suffer, to take away or destroy fin; “ not only original guilt, but also the actual Gns of all believers." For he made himself to be fin for us, who himself knew no fin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him, 2 Cor. v. 21. See also Ads ix. To this gave all the prophets witness, and all the Primitive Fathers, as Ignatius, Justin Martyr, Clemont of Alexandra, St. Cyprian, Origin, Tertullian, &c. &c. See also Bp. Beveridge's Comment, Pearson on the Creed, p. 364. the Rev. Mr. Remaine in his 3d, 4th, and 5th discourses on the Creed.

Art. III. Of the going down of Christ into Hell.

S Christ died for us, and was buried : so also

it is to be believed that he went down into Hell.

A

That Christ died for us, and was buried] has been fully “ proved in the foregoing article, from many texts of scripture."

• So also it is to be believed that he went down, or descended into “ hell,” Eph. iv, 9. To this article most of the ancient Fathers have given their affent; some say for one thing, and some for another : I shall cite a few of them here. Ignarius says, “ Christ " de'e:nded into hell alone, but that he asecnded with a multi« tude," Irenæus faith, “ That Christ was in the middle of the " shadow of Death, where the souls of the dead are ; then he “ rose again with his body,” agrecable to the words of the royal Psalmilt:

-Thou will not leave my soul in hell, (Hades, the place

of

2

of the dead) nor suffer thine Holy One to fee corruption.Pfal. xvi. 10. This was spoken of Christ, as appears by i Cor. xv. 3, 4. and A&ts ii. 27, 31. Also Athanafius, St. Ambrose, St. Bafil, St. Jerome, Fulgentius, and St. Augustine, all say, “ that the soul of “ Christ was in the place of hell."'* St. Peter saith, “ That Chris

suffered for fins; being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by " the Spirit; by wbicb also be went and preached unto the spirits in

prison : which some time were disobedient ; Pet. iii. 18, 19, 20. And again, that be loosed the pains of hell, or death; Acts ii, 24. -Yet many

of our modern divines are not so well reconciled to this article of Christ going down into hell. Because our Lord said unto the Thief on the Cross (who confessed him to be the Son of God,) To-day shalt thou be with me in Paradise, Luke xiii. 43. compare this with St. Paul's words concerning paradise, 2 Cor. xii. 4. and St. John's revelation, chap. ii. 7. Then Christ's Soul must needs pass through the regions of Heli, into paradise ; or else through paradife into hell. But, as an eminent and learned divine juftly observed, in discourfing on that article, “ Christ entered immediately into Hell while he hung

on the Cross; for he gave his soul an offering for fin, or as St. sc Peter affirms, Himself bare all our fins in his own body on the tree," 1 Pet. ii. 24. That he endured all the fiery wrath of God, all the pain, all the agony, and curse (represented by the pains of hell,) which were due for our fins, both original and actual, for he trod the wine-press of God's wrath alone, " and 46 drank

up

all the dregs of that bitter cup.” See Isa. Ixiii. 3, 4. Matt. xxvi. 38. - xxvii. 46. And having spoiled principalities and powers, be made a fhew of them openly, triumphing over them, Col. ii. 15. That all who believe in him, might be set free from all the powers of fin, death, and hell, for ever and ever. Rom. v. 1, 2.--viii. 1, 2

# See Bp. Beveredge's Comment.

ART. IV. Of the Resurre{tion of Christ. HRIST did truly rise again from death, and

took again his body, with flesh, bones, and all things appertaining to the perfection of man's

nature,

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nature, wherewith he ascended into heaven, and there Guteth until he return to judge all men at the last day.

Chrift did truly rise again. This is a most blessed truth, and worthy of all acceptation ;-Thou wilt not leave my Soul in Hell, faid David, nor suffer thine Holy One to fee corruption, Psalm xvi. 10. That Chrift did rise again from the dead with the same body, is shewn by many plain texts of scripture, which were recorded for the confirmation of our Faith. This our Lord himself had declared to his disciples, Matt. xx. 19. and to the Pharasees by the fign of Jonah being three days and nights in the whale’s belly, See also Hosea vi. 2. John xx, 19. Matt. xxviii. 6. Aēts x. 41. And St. Paul boldly affirms, That he died and was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures ; and was seen of many brethren, besides all the Apostles. i Cor. XV. 4, 5, 6. Acts ix. 4. Col. i. 18. Irenæus faith, “ I knew

him alive in the flesh, even after his resurrection, and I believe “ in him ; and when he came to those who were with Peter, he * said to them, Take hold on me; feel me, and see that I am no e imbodied spirit.” So Tertullian faith, “ Chrift rose again in the « sabftance of the Aesh, and shewed his disciples, with Thomas, « the marks of the nails, and spear, that they might believe,' Luke xxiv. 38, 39. John xx. 19.

"Andhaving taken again his own body," he ascended into heaven, where he now fitteth at the right hand of God. See Plalm cx. 1. aii. 36. Mark xvi. 19. “ And he will come again,” faith Irenaeus, " with the same fleth in which he suffered on the & cross, at the last day, to judge both the quick and the dead :' fo faith Peter, Acts i. 11.-X. 41. God shall judge the world in righteousness by Jesus Chrift. A&s xvii. 31, 32. Rom. ii. 16. Tim. iv. 1, 8. James v. 9. And we shall all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, Rom. xiv. 10.

" And then will he ren“ der unto every man according to his works.” See Matt. XXV 23, 29, 30, 33-46. 2 Cor. v. 10.

And the wicked shall go exray into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into life eternal, Dan. xii. 2. John v. 29. See also Sherlock on Judgment, and Seatt's Chriftian's Life; also Mr. Romaine's discourse.

ART.

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