History of Civilization in England by Henry Thomas Buckle, כרך 1

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John W. Parker and Son, 1858 - 854 עמודים

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תוכן

From Egypt 7581
75
From Central America 8485
84
Operation of physical laws in Brazil 9298
92
Influence of the general aspects of nature upon the imagination
107
And by danger generally 113115
113
This proposition illustrated by a comparison between Hindustan
120
Further illustration from Central America 133134
133
Hence it appears that of the two classes of mental and physical
142
Examination of the two metaphysical methods of generalizing PAGE
143
Failure of these methods 150152
150
CHAPTER IX
153
The progress of society is twofold moral and intellectual 158159
158
And intellectual truths are constantly changing 164165
164
The diminution of religious persecution is owing to the progress
171
Illustrations from Russia and Turkey 177179
177
The invention of gunpowder 185190
185
Consequent persecution of literary men by the French government 671682
188
191200
191
The application of steam to purposes of travelling 200203
200
CHAPTER V
207
This being as yet little understood historians have not collected
210
With that of Germany 217219
217
Much may be gained in that respect from studying the histories
223
Influence of religion on the progress of society 232244
232
And from Sweden and Scotland 242244
242
Influence of government on the progress of society 250264
250
Legislators have caused smuggling with all its attendant crimes 256257
256
England has been less interfered with in these ways than other
263
CHAPTER XIV
265
One cause of error in history was the invention of writing 272276
272
But the most active cause of all was the influence of the clergy 282283
282
But until the middle of the reign of Louis XV the political institu
285
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 292294
292
The first improvement in writing history began in the fourteenth
298
Also in the work of Dr Horst on the Golden Tooth 304305
304
CHAPTER XIII
305
Origin of religious toleration in England
310
This tendency displayed in Chillingworth 319321
319
Great advantage of this 327329
327
Infuence of this spirit upon Sir Thomas Browne 334337
334
Deterioration of the House of Lords
410
Burkes subsequent hallucinations and violence
437
And produced arbitrary laws against the liberties of England 443448
443
The nobles displace the clergy and celibacy is opposed by
457
OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF THE FRENCH INTELLECT FROM THE MIDDLE
460
But at the end of the sixteenth century scepticisin appeared
471
The most remarkable steps in favour of toleration were however
483
He supported the new secular scheme of government against
489
They raise a civil war which was a struggle of classes rather than
525
And by Mazarin
546
Gloomy political prospects of England late in the eighteenth cen
558
Hence a spirit of popular independence unknown in France where
567
Effects of this difference between the two countries in the four
583
But in France the energy of the protective spirit and the power
606
Power of the French nobles
613
But the English rebellion succeeded because it was a democratic
619
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
626
Its first effect was to stop the progress of science 632036
636
Another illustration from the vanity of the French and pride
639
Intellectual decay under Louis XIV was seen in every department
644
And from every branch of literature 651652
651
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen 668669
668
Analogy between the Reformation and the revolutions of the seven
701
Which becaine more marked in Mezerays history in 1613 710711
710
His History of Charles XII
734
A remark of his adopted by Constant
740
Both were opposed by the clergy and nobles Natural alliance
746
Who had repeated the most childish absurdities respecting
748
CHAPTER X
760
Difference between certainty and precision
763
But owing to the progress of knowledge a counter reaction
768
Abolition of the Jesuits
784
And in Condillac
796
But in France immense impetus was given to zoology by Cuvier
810
Connexion between these views and subsequent discoveries 816819
816
Great and successful efforts made by the French in botany 828831
828
Analogy between this and Pinels work on insanity 834835
834
The same democratic tendency was observable in changes of dress 841842
841
Summary of the causes of the French Revolution 848850
848

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