A History of Czechs and Jews: A Slavic Jerusalem

כריכה קדמית
Routledge, 11 בפבר׳ 2015 - 262 עמודים
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Was Israel founded by Czechoslovakia? A History of Czechs and Jews examines this question and the resulting findings are complex. Czechoslovakia did provide critical, secret military sponsorship to Israel around 1948, but this alliance was short-lived and terminated with the Prague Trial of 1952. Israel’s "Czech guns" were German as much as Czech, and the Soviet Union strongly encouraged Czechoslovakia’s help for Israel. Most importantly however, the Czechoslovak-Israeli military cooperation was only part of a much larger picture.

Since the mid-1800s, Czechs and Jews have been systematically comparing themselves to each other in literature, music, politics, diplomacy, media, and historiography. A shared perception of similar fates of two small nations trapped between East and West, in constant existential danger, helped forge a Czech-Jewish "national friendship" amid periods of estrangement. Yet, this Czech-Jewish national friendship, an idea that can be traced from Masaryk and Kafka via Weizman and Ben Gurion to Havel and Netanyahu, was more myth than reality. Relations were often mixed and highly dependent on larger historical developments affecting Central Europe and the Middle East.

As the Czech Republic emerges as Israel’s main EU ally, this book provides a timely analysis of this old-new alliance and is essential reading for students and scholars with an interest in History and Jewish Studies.

 

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תוכן

1 Theoretical introduction
1
From CzechGerman to CzechJewish national friendship 17801918
19
3 The Balfour Declaration Czechoslovakias independence and the interwar period 191738
64
4 From the partition of Czechoslovakia to the partition of British Palestine 193848
104
5 Communist Czechoslovakia and Israel 194889
145
6 The Velvet Revolution the breakup of Czechoslovakia and the Middle East conflict 19892012
185
Conclusion
215
Appendix
221
Bibliography
236
Index
251
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מידע על המחבר (2015)

Martin Wein teaches at New York University and Tel Aviv University. His research focuses on Bohemian history, Czechoslovak-Israeli relations, and the triangular relationship of religion-language-nationalism in global contexts.

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