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keep it."

me.

how ill you think of me. I beg you to tunity of an effect? Had her whole atti

tude been a deliberate pose, a sort of trick ? The music had died away suddenly, and The sudden changes in her subtle voice, its ceasing had been followed by a loud the undercurrent of mockery in an invitamurmur of applause. The prima donna tion which seemed inconsequent, pat me rose, and stood for a moment, observing on my guard, reinforced all my deepme irresolutely.

seated prejudices against the candor of “I leave you and your violin, mon. the feminine soul. It left me with a vision sieur! I have to sing presently, with of her, fantastically vivid, recounting to such voice as our talk has left me. I bid an intimate circle, to an accompaniment of you both adieu.'

some discreet laughter and the popping of Ah, madame !" I deprecated, you champagne corks, the success of her imwill think again of this. I will send it position, the sentimental concessions she you in the morning. I have no right" had extorted from a notorious student of

She shook her head ; then with a sud- cynical moods. den flash of amusement, or fantasy,– A dangerous woman !" cried Mrs. “ I agree, monsieur, un a condition. To I)estrier with the world, which might conprove your penitence you shall bring it ceivably be right; at least, I was fain to me yourself.

add, a woman whose laughter would be I professed that her favor overpowered merciless. Certainly I had no temper for

She named an hour when she would adventures, and a visit to Madame Robe at home ; an address in the Avenue manoff on so sentimental an errand seemed Des Champs Élysées, which I noted on to me, the more I pondered it, to belong

to this category, to be rich in distasteful Not adieu, then, monsieur ; but au possibilities. Must I write myself pusil. revoir !

Tanimous if I confess that I never made I bowed perplexedly, holding the it ; that I committed my old friend's viocurtain aside to let her sweep through ; lin into the hands of the woman who had and once more she turned back, gathering been his pupil by the vulgar aid of a up her voluminous train, to repeat with a commissionaire ? glance and accent, which I found mysti Pusillanimous or simply prudent ; or fying: “Remember, monsieur, it is only perhaps cruelly unjust to a person who au revoir !"

had paid penalties and greatly needed That last glimpse of her, with the kindness ? It is a point I have never been strange mockery and an almost elfish able to decide, though I have tried to malice in her fine eyes, went home with raise theories on the ground of her acme later, to cause vague disquiet and fresh quiescence. It seemed to me on the cards suspicion of her truth. The spell of her that my fiddle, bestowed so cavalierly, extraordinary personal charm removed, should be refused. And yet even the fact doubt would assert itself. Was she quite of her retaining it is open to two intersincere ? Was her fascination not a ques- pretations ; and Cristich testified for her. tionable one ? Might not that almost Maurice Cristich! Madame Romanoff ! childish outburst of a grief so touching the renowned Romanoff, Maurice Cristich ! and at the time convincing, be, after all, Have I been pusillanimous, prudent, or fictitious ; the movement of a born actress merely cruel ? For the life of me I canand enchantress of men, quick to seize as not say !

-Macmillan's Magazine. by a nice professional instinct the oppor

my tablets.

TAE SPANISH STORY OF THE ARMADA.

BY J. A. FROUDE.

I.

often in prose and verse. It is the most

dramatic incident in our national bistory, The fate of the great expedition sent and the materials for a faithful account of by Phil the Second to restore the Papal it in the contemporary narratives are unauthority in England has been related usually excellent. The English nature on

that occasion was seen at its very best. take up into the story Captain Duro's The days had not yet come of inflated contribution. With innocent necromancy self praise, and the spirit which produces he calls the dead out of their graves, and actions of real merit is usually simple in makes them play their drama over again. the description of such actions. Good With his assistance we will turn to the wine needs no bush. The finest jewels city of Lisbon, on the 25th of April of need least a gaudy setting ; and as the the Annus Mirabilis. The preparations newspaper correspondent was not yet were then all but completed for the inborn, and the men who did the fighting vasion of England and the overthrow of wrote also the reports, the same fine and the Protestant beresy. From all parts of modest temper is equally seen in both. Catholic Europe the prayers of the faith

Necessarily, however, Englishmen ful had ascended for more than a year in could only tell what they themselves had a stream of passionate entreaty that God seen, and the other side of the story has would arise and make His power known. been left untold. The Spanish historians Masses had been said day after day op have never attempted to minimize the fifty thousand altars; and devout nuns magnitude of their disaster, but they have had bruised their knees in midnight left the official records to sleep in the watches on the chapel pavements. The shades of their public offices, and what event so long hoped for was to come at the Spanish commanders might have them. last. On that day the consecrated standselves to say of their defeat and its causes ard was to be presented in state to the has been left hitherto unprinted. I dis- Commander-in-Chief of the Expedition. covered myself at Simancas the narrative Catholics had collected from every corner of the Accountant-General of the Fleet, of the world : Spanish and Italian, French Don Pedro Coco Calderon, and made use and Irish, English and German owning a of it in my own history. But Don Pe. common nationality in the Church. The dro's account showed only how much more Portuguese alone of Catholic nations remained to be discovered, of which I looked on in indifference. Portugal had myself could find po record either in print been recently annexed by force to Spain. or MS.

The wound was still bleeding, and even The defect has now been supplied by religion failed to unite the nob'es and the industry and patriotism of an officer people in common cause with their conin the present Spanish Navy, who has querors. But Lisbon had ceased to be a brought together a collection of letters Portuguese city. Philip dealt with it as and documents bearing on the subject he pleased, and the Church of Portugal, which is signally curious and interesting. at least on this occasion, was at Philip's Captain Fernandez Duro deserves grateful disposition. thanks and recognition, a: enabling us for There was something of real piety in the first time really to understand what what was going on ; and there was much took place. But more than that, he re- of the artificial emotion which bore the produces the spirit and genius of the same relation to piety which the enthusitime ; he enables us to see, face to face, asm of the Knight of La Mancha bore to the De Valdez, the Recaldes, the Oquen- true chivalry. Philip himself in certain dos, the De Ley Vas, who had hitherto aspects of his character was not unlike been only names to us. The “Iliad” Don Quixote. He believed that he was would lose half its interest if we knew divinely commissioned to extirpate the only Agamemnon and Achilles and knew dragons and monsters of heresy. As the nothing of Priam and Hector. The five adventure with the enchanted horse had days' battle in the English Channel in been specially reserved for Don Quixote, August 1588 was fought out between wen so the Enterprise of England,” in the on both sides of a signally gallant and inflated language of the time, was said to noble nature ; and when the asperities of have been reserved for Philip; and as theology shall have mellowed down at analogies are apt to complete themselves, last, Spanish and English authorities to the fat, good-humored, and entirely ingether will furnish materials for a great capable Medina Sidonia had a certain re. epic poem.

semblance to Sancho. The Duke of Until that happy and still far distant Medina had no ambition for such adven. time shall arrive, we must appropriate and tures; he would have greatly preferred

causam

staying at home, and only consented to them. But a regiment of priests distake the command out of a certain dog- persed through the

various squadrons kept like obedience to his master. The repre- alive in most the sense that they were sentatives of the imaginary powers had going on the most glorious expedition been called in to bring him to accept the ever undertaken by man. dangerous responsibility. A pious hermit The standard which was to be presented told him that he had been instituted by itself indicated the sacred character of the the Almighty to promise him victory. war. Into the Royal Arms of Spain there The Prioress of the Annunciata Maria di had been introduced as supporters on one la Visitacion, who had received the five side Christ on the Cross, on the other the wounds and was punished afterward as a Virgin mother, and on the scroll below detected impostor, had seen Santiago and was written : Exsurge Deus et vindica two angels smiting Drake and his unbe

tuam” Arise, O Lord, and lieving comrades, and she assured the avenge thy cause." “Philip, by the Duke of glory in both worlds if he went. grace of God King of Castille, of Leon, The Duke's experience of English Ad- of Aragon, the two Sicilies, Jerusalem, mirals had been, so far, not glorious to Portugal, Navarre, Granada, Toledo, Vahim at all. He had been in command at lencia, Gallicia, Majorca, Sardinia, CorCadiz two years before when the English dova, Corsica, Murcia, Jaen, Algaves, fleet sailed up the harbor, burned eighteen Algesiras, Gibraltar, the Canary Islands, large ships, and went off unfought with, the East and West Indies, the Isles and taking six more away with them. A! Continents of the Ocean ; Archduke of Spain had cried shame and called the Austria, Duke of Burgundy, of Brabant Duke a coward, but Pbilip had refused to and Milan, Count of Hapsburgh, Count be displeased, and had deliberately chosen of Flanders, Tirol, and Barcelona ; Lord him for an undertaking far more arduous of Biscay and Molina," etc.; the monthan the defence of a provincial port. arch, in short, whose name was swatbed On this April 25 he was to receive his in these innumerable titles, had detercommission, with the standard undermined to commit the sacred banner to his which he was to go into action, and the , well-beloved Don Alonzo de Guzman, surCatholic Church was to celebrate the oc named El Bueno, or the Good, and under casion with its imposing splendors and its folds to sweep the ocean clear of the imperious solemnities.

piratical squadrons of the English Queen, The Armada lay in the Tagus waiting The scene was the great metropolitan the completion of the ceremony. It was church of Lisbon, the Iglesia Major. It the most powerful armament which had was six o'clock in the morning ; strcets ever been collected in modern Europe, a and squares were lined with troops who hundred and thirty ships-great galleons had been landed from the ships. The from a thousand to thirteen hundred King was represented by his nephew, the tons ; galliasses rowed by three hundred Cardinal Archduke, who was Viceroy of slaves, carrying fifty guns ; galleys almost Portugal. The Viceroy rode out of the as formidable, and other vessels, the best Palace with the Duke on his right hand, appointed which Spain and Italy could followed by the gentlemen adventurers of produce. They carried nine thousand the expedition in their splendid dresses. seamen, seasoned mariners who had served At the church they were received by the in all parts of the world, and seventeen Archbishop. The standard was placed thousand soldiers, who were to join Parma on the altar.

Mass was sung.

The Vice. and assist the conquest of England. Be- roy then led the Dake up the altar steps, sides them were some hundreds of nobles lifted a fold of the standard and placed it and gentlemen who, with their servants in his hands, while, as the signal was and retinues, had volunteered for the new passed outside, the ships in the river and crusade, gallant high-spirited youths quite the troops in the streets fired a saluteready to fight with Satan himself in the una pequeña salva," a small one, for cause of Spain and Holy Church. In powder was scarce and there was none to them all was a fine profession of enthusi- waste.

The scene

was not impressive ; asm-qualified, indeed, among the seamen and the effect was frittered away in a by a demand for wages in advance and a complexity of details. The Archbishop tendency to desert when they received took the Holy Sacrament and passed out

of the church, followed by a stream of tury the supplications of the suffering monks and secular clergy. The Archduke saints to deliver them from the tyranny of and the newly-made Cardinal went after Elizabeth. It was an age of revolt against them, the stardard being borne by the established authority. New ideas, new Duke's cousin, Don Luis of Cordova, who obligations of duty were shaking manwas to accompany him to England. In kind. Obedience to God was beld as suthis order they crossed the great square perior to obedience to man ; while each to the Dominican Convent, where the man was forming for himself his own scene in the Iglesia Major was repeated. conception of what God required of hin. The Dominicans received the procession The intellect of Europe was outgrowing at the door. The standard was again laid its creed. Part of the world had dison the altar, this time by the Duke him. covered that doctrines and practices which self, as if to signify the consecration of had lasted for fifteen hundred years were his own person to the service of the beings false and idolatrous. The other and whose forms were embroidered upon it. larger part called the dissentients rebels The religious part of the transaction fin- and children of the Devil, and set to work ished, they returned to the Palace, and to burn and kill them. At such times stood on the marble stairs while the troops kings and princes have enough to do to fired a second volley. The men

were maintain order in their own dominions, then marched to their boats, with an eye and even when they are of opposite sides on them to see that none deserted, and have a common interest in maintaining his Royal Highness and the Captain-Gen- the principle of anthority. Nor when the eral of the Ocean, as the Duke was now Pope himself spoke on the Catholic side entitled, went in to breakfast.

were Catholic princes completely obediThe presentation had wanted dignity ent. For the Pope's pretensions to deand perhaps seriousness. There was no prive kings and dispose of kingdoms were spontaneous enthusiasm. The Portuguese only believed in by the clergy. No secuaristocracy were pointedly absent, and the lar sovereign in Europe admitted a right effect was rather of some artificial display which reduced him to the position of a got up by the clergy and the Government. Pope's vassal. Philip held that he suffiAnd yet the expedition of which this ciently discharged his own duties in rescene was the preliminary had for sixty pressing heresy among his own subjects years been the dream of Catholic piety, without interfering with his neighbors. and the discharge at last of a duty with Elizabeth was as little inclined to help which the Spanish nation appeared to be Dutch and French and Scotch Calvinists. peculiarly charged. The Reformation in Yet the power of princes, even in the sixEngland had commenced with the divorce teenth century, was limited, and it rested of a Spanish Princess. Half the English after all on the good-will of their own peonation had been on Catherine's side and ple. Common sympathies bound Cathohad invited Philip's father to send troops lics to Catholics and Protestants to Protto help them to maintain her. As the estants, and every country in Europe bequarrel deepened, and England became came a caldron of intrigue and conspiracy. the stronghold of heresy, the English Catholics disclaimed allegiance to ProtesCatholics, the Popes, the clergy univer- tant sovereigns, Protestants in Catholic sally had entreated Charles, and Philip countries looked to their fellow-religionists after bim, to strike at the heart of the else where to save them from stake and mischief and take a step which, if success- sword, and thus between all parties, in ful, would end the Protestant rebellion one form or another, there were perpetual and give peace to Europe. The great collisions, which the forbearance of statesEmperor and Philip too had listened re- men alone prevented from breaking out luctantly. Rulers responsible for the ad- into universal war. ministration of kingdoms do not willingly Complete forbearance was not possible. encourage subjects in rebelliou, even under Community of creed was a real bond the plea of religion. The divorce of wbich could not be ignored, nor in the Catherine had been an affront to Charles general uncertainty could princes afford to the Fifth and to Spain, yet it was not reject absolutely and entirely the overheld to be a sufficient ground for war, and tures made to them by each other's subPhilip had resisted for a quarter of a cen- jects. When they could not assist they

were obliged to humor and encourage. great defeat of the French at the Azores Charles the Fifth refused to go to war to in 1583. The Spanish Navy was in splenenforce the sentence of Rome upon Henry did condition, excited by a brilliant victhe Eighth, but he allowed his ambassa- tory, and led by an officer of real distincdors to thank and stimulate Catherine's tion, Alonzo de Bazan, Marques de Santa English friends. Philip was honestly un. Cruz. A few English privateers had been willing to draw the sword against his sis- in the defeated fleet at the battle of Terter-in-law, Elizabeth ; but he was the ceira ; and Santa Cruz, with the other secular head of Catholic Christendom, naval commanders, was eager to follow up bound to the maintenance of the faith. bis success, and avenge the insults which He had been titular King of England, and had been offered for so many years to the to him the English Catholics naturally Spanish flag by the English corsairs. looked as their protector. He had to per- France, like all Northern Europe, was torn mit bis De Quadras and his Mendozas to into factions. The Valois princes were intrigue with disaffection, to organize Liberal and anti-Spanish. The House of rebellion, and, if other means failed, to Guise was fanatically Catholic, and too encourage the Queen's assassination. To powerful for the Crown to control. Santa kill dangerous or mischievous individuals Cruz was a diplomatist as well as a seawas held permissible as an alternative for man. He bad his correspondents in Engwar, or as a means of ending disturbance. land. In Guise he had a friend and conIt was approved of even by Sir Thomas federate. One of the many plots was More in his Utopia. William the Silent formed for the murder of Elizabeth. was murdered in the Catholic interest. Santa Cruz and the Spanish Navy were to Henri Quatre was murdered in the Catho- hold the Channel. Guise was to cross lic interest, and any one who would do the under their protection and land an army same to the English Jezebel would be in Sussex. The Catholics were to rise, counted to have done good service. Eliza- set free Mary Stuart and make her Queen. beth had to defend herself with such re- Philip's permission was, however, a necessources as she possessed. She could not sary condition. Santa Cruz was a rough afford to demand open satisfaction ; but old sailor, turned of seventy, who meant she could send secret help to the Prince what he said and spoke his mind plainly. of Orange ; she could allow her privateers Like his countrymen generally, he was to seize Spanish treasures on the high seas tired of seeing his master forever halting or plunder Philip's West Indian cities. on his leaden foot (pié de plomo); and She could execute the traitorous priests on August 9, 1583, while still at the who were found teaching rebellion in Eng- Azores, he wrote to stimulate him to fol. land. Philip in return could let the In- low up his success by a still more splendid quisition burn English sailors as heretics achievement. Philip was now master of when they could catch them. And thus the Portuguese Empire. He (Santa the two nations bad drifted on, still nomi- Cruz) was ready, if allowed, to add Engnally at peace and each unwilling to de- land to his dominions. The Low Counclare open war ; but peace each year was tries would then surrender, and the Jezebel more difficult to preserve, and Philip was who had wrought so much evil in the driven on by the necessities of things to world would meet her deserts. some open and decided action. The fate Now was the time. The troops were of the Reformation in Europe turued on ready, the fleet was ready. Philip talked the event of a conflict between Spain and of expense and difficulty. If difficulty England. Were England conquered and was an objection, the bold admiral said recovered to the Papacy, it was believed that nothing grand could ever be achieved ; universally that first the Low Countries and and for money, great princes could find then Germany would be obliged to submit. money if they wished. The King should

Several times a Catholic invasion of have faith in God, whose work he would England had been distinctly contemplated. be doing; and if he was himself perThe Duke of Alva was to have tried it. mitted to try, he promised that he would Don John of Austria was to have tried it. have as good success as in his other enterThe Duke of Guise was to have tried it. prises. * The nearest and latest occasion had been after the Conquest of Portugal and the * La Armada Invencible. Por el Capitan de

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