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tions, therefore, which were begun before the year 1600, require that we should here acquaint the reader with some particulars of his life. He wrote eighteen plays, which, although now forgotten, must have contributed in no inconsiderable degree to enrich and advance the English stage. He was born in 1557, perhaps in Kent. He passed about two years at Trinity college in Oxford, with a contempt of philosophy, but in a close attention to the Greek and Roman classics". Leaving the university about 1576, he seems to have been led to London in the character of a poet; where he foon commenced a friendship with Spenser, Shakespeare, Marlowe, and Daniel, and attracted the notice of secretary Walfingham. He probably acquired fome appointment in the court of king James the first; where untimely death, and unexpected disgrace, quickly deprived him of his liberal patrons Prince Henry and Carr. Jonson was commonly too proud, either to affift, or to be assisted; yet he engaged with Chapman and Marston in writing the Comedy of EASTWARD Hoe, which was performed by the children of the revels in 1605°. But this association gave Jonson an opportunity of throwing out many satirical parodies on Shakespeare with more security. All the three authors, however, were in danger of being pilloried for some reflections on the Scotch nation, which were too seriously understood by James the first. When the societies of Lincoln's-inn and the Middle-temple, in 1613, had resolved to exhibit a splendid masque at Whitehall in honour of the nuptials of the Palsgrave and the princess Elisabeth, ANDROMEDA, dedicated in a prolix metri. “ call, and a hymne to Chrift upon the cal Epistle to Carr earl of Somerset and “ crofle, written by Geo. Chapman." To Frances his countess. Lond. 1614. 4to. Matthew Selman, Jan. 13, 161.1. REGISTR. Chapman wrote a vindication of this pieee, STATION. C. fol. 215. a. both in prose and verse, called, A free and From the information of Mr. Wile, offenceless Justification of a late published and late Radcliffe's librarian, and keeper of misinterpreted poem entitled ANDROMEDA the Archives, at Oxford. LIBERATA. Lond. 1614. 400.

• The first of Chapman's plays, I mean Among Chapman's pieces recited by with his name, which appears in the StatiWood, the following does not appear. “A oners Registers, is the Tragedy of CHARLES “ booke called Petrarkes seauen peniten Duke of Byron. Entered to T. Thorp, “ tiall psalmes in verse, paraphrastically Jun, 5, 1608, Registr, C. fol. 168. b. “ translated, with other poems philofophi.


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Chapman was employed for the poetry, and Inigo Jones for the
machinery. It is not clear, whether Dryden's resolution to burn
annually one copy of Chapman's best tragedy Bussy D’AM-
BOISE, to the memory of Jonson, was a censure or a compli-

He says, however, that this play pleased only in the
representation, like a star which glitters only while it shoots.
The manes of Jonson perhaps required some reconciliatory rites :
for Jonson being delivered from Shakespeare, began unexpectedly
to be disturbed at the rising reputation of a new theatric rival. Wood
says, that Chapman was “ a a person of most reverend aspect, re-

ligious and temperate, QUALITIES RARELY MEETING IN A
“ POET ?!” The truth is, he does not seem to have mingled
in the diffipations and indiscretions, which then marked his
profession. He died at the age of seventy-seven, in 1634, and
was buried on the south side of saint Giles's church in the
Fields. His friend Inigo Jones planned and erected a monument
to his memory, in the style of the new architecture, which was
unluckily destroyed with the old church'. There was an inti-
mate friendship between our author, and this celebrated restorer
of Grecian palaces. Chapman's MUSAEUS, not that begun by
Marlowe, but published in 1616, has a dedication to Jones : in
which he is addressed as the most skilful and ingenious architect
that England had yet seen.

As a poetical novel of Greece, it will not be improper to
mention here, the CLITOPHON AND LEUCIPPE of Achilles
Tatius, under the title of “ The most delectable and plesant

Historye of Clitophon and Leucippe from the Greek of
“ Achilles Statius, &c. by W. B. Lond. 1577." The presi-
dent Montesquieu, whose refined taste was equal to his political
wisdom, is of opinion, that a certain notion of tranquillity in
the fields of Greece, gave rise to the description of soft and


i Preface to SPANISH FRYIR.
9 Ath. Oxon. i. 592.

r Wood has preserved part of the epi.
taph, “Georgius Chapmannas, poeta Ho.

mericus, philofophus verus (etsi chrif:
“ tianus poeta) plufquam celebris, &c."
Ubi fupr.
• In quarto. T. Creede.


amorous sentiments in the Greek romance of the middle age. But that gallantry sprung from the tales of Gothic chivalry. « Une certaine idée de tranquillité dans les campagnes de la « Greece, fit decrire les sentimens de l'amour. On peut voir “ les Romans de Grecs du moyen age. L'idée des Paladins, pro“ tecteurs de la vertu et de la beauté des femmes, conduisit à “ celle de la galanterie '.” I have mentioned a version of Heliodorus.

As Barnaby Googe's Zodiac of Palingenius was a favorite performance, and is constantly classed and compared with the poetical translations of this period, by the cotemporary critics, I make no apology for giving it a place at the close of this review". It was printed so early as the year 1565, with the following title ". “ The ZODIAKE OF LIFE, written by the godly “ and learned poet Marcellus Pallingenius Stellatus, wherein

are conteyned twelue bookes disclosing the haynous crymes “ and wicked vices of our corrupt nature : And plainlye de

claring the pleasaunt and perfit pathway vnto eternall life, be“ fides a number of digressions both pleasaunt and profitable.

Newly translated into Englishe verse by Barnabee Googe. Probitas laudatur et alget. Imprinted at London by Henry

+ Esprit des Loix, Liv. xxvii. ch. 22.

u I know not if translations of Plautus and Terence are to be mentioned here with propriety. I observe however in the notes, that Plautus's MenÆCHMI, copied by Shakespeare, appeared in English by W. W. or William Warner, author of Albion's England. Lond. 1595. Tanner says that he translated but not printed all Plautus. MSS.Tann. Oxon. Raftall printed TeRENS IN ENGLISH, that is, the ANDRIA. There is also, “ ANDRIA the firtt Come. “dye of Terence,” by Maurice Kyffin, Lond. 1588. 4to. By the way, this Kyffyn, a Welshman, published a poem called * The Blessedness of Brytaine, or a cele“ bration of the queenes holyJay." Lond. 1588. 4to. For John Wolfe.' The EUNU

CHUS was entered at Stationers Hall, to W. Leche, in 1597. And the ANDRIA and EUNUCHUS, in 1600. RegistR. C. fol. 20. a. Richard Bernard published Te'rence in English, Cambr. 1598. 4to. A fourth edition was printed at London,

Opera ac industria R. B. in Axholmienfi "insula Lincolnefherii Epwortheatis." By John Legatt, 1614• 4to.

Three or four versions of Cato, and one of Æsop's Fables, are entered in the ror gister of the Stationers, between 1557 and 1571. Registr, A.

W A receipt for Ralph Newbery's licence is entered for printing " A boke called " Pallingenius," I suppose the original, 1560. REGISTR, STATION. A. fol. 48. a.


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66 Denham


“ Denham for Rafe Newberye dwelling in Fleet-streate. Anno " 1565. Aprilis 18%.” Bifhop Tanner, deceived by Wood's papers, supposes that this first edition, which he had evidently never seen, and which is indeed uncommonly rare, contained only the first seven books. In the epistle dedicatory to secretary fir William Cecill, he mentions his “ simple trauayles lately dew dicated vnto your honor." These are his set of miscellaneous poems printed in 1563, or, “ Eglogs, Epytaphes, and Sonnétes, « newly written by Barnabe Googe, 15 Marche, for Rauve

[Raufe] Newbury dwelling in Flete-strete a little aboue the « Conduit in the late fhop of Thomas Berthelet"."

" He

apologises for attempting this work, three books of which, as he had understood too late, were “ both eloquentely and excellently

Englished by Maister Smith, clark vnto the most honorable “ of the queenes maiesties counsell. Whose doings as in other “ matters I haue with admiration behelde, &c?." Googe was


* In 2:2mo. Bl. Lett. Not paged. The Vegetius, Lond. 1572. 4to. A Latin copy laft signature is Y y iiij. The colophon, to Chaloner's De Rep. ANGLORUM, Lond. “ Imprinted at London by Henry Den. 1579. 4to. A Latin hexaftic to Batman's “ham, &c.” On the second leaf after Doom, Lond. 1581. 4to. Two of his Lathe ritle, is an armorial coat with fix co. tin poems in PAPAM, are (MS. Bale.) in partments, and at the top the initials B. G. MSS. Cotton. Tit. D. x. f. 77. He tran. Then follow Latin commendatory verses, flated the Psalms into English prose, with by Gilbert Duke, Christopher Carlile doctor learned notes. Finished Jun. 24, 1573. Ain divinity, James Itzwert, George Chat. mong MSS. MORE, 206. Colomefius has terton fellow of Chrift college in Cam published a fragment of a Latin Epiftle bridge, and David Bell, with some anony from him to Caftalio, dat. kal. Maii, 1562.

Doctor. Christopher Carlile was of CL. VIROR. EPIST. SINGUL. Lond. 1694. Cambridge, and a learned orientalift, about I 2mo. 1550. He published many tracts in di. y In izmo. Bl. Lett. See REGISTR. vinity. He was a writer of Greek and STATION, A. fol. 88. b. Latin verses. He has some in both lan. 2 It is doubtful whether hc means fir guages on the death of Bucer in 1551. Thomas Smith, the secretary. Nor does it. See Bucer's ENGLISH WORKS, Bafil. fol. appear, whether this translation was in 1577


And in the Collection on verse or profe. Sir Thomas Smith, how. the death of the two Brandons, 1551. 4to. ever, has left fome English poetry. While ut fupr. Others, before his Reply to Ri. a prifoner in the Tower in 1549, he tranchard Smyth, a papistic divine, Lond. flated eleven of David's Psalms into Eng1582. 4to. He prefixed four Latin copies lish metre, and composed three English to Drant's ECCLESIASTES abovementioned, metrical prayers, with three English copies Lond. 1572. 4to. Two, to one of doctor of verses besides. These are now in the John Jones's books on Baths, Lond. 1572. British Museum, MSS. Reg. 17 A. xvii. 4to. A Sapphic ode to Sadler's verfion of ought to have mentioned this before.

first a retainer to Cecill, and afterwards in 1563, a gentlemanpensioner to the queen'. In his address to the vertuous and frendley reader, he thus, but with the zeal of a puritan, defends divine poetry. “ The diuine and notable Prophecies of Esay, the La“ mentation of Jeremie, the Songs and Ballades of Solomon, “ the Psalter of Dauid, and the Booke of Hiob, were written

by the first auctours in perfect and pleafaunt hexameter verses. “ So that the deuine and canonicall volumes were garnished and “ set forth with sweete according tunes and heauenly foundes “ of pleafaunt metre. Yet wyll not the gracelesse company of « our pernicious hypocrites allow, that the Psalmes of Dauid “ should be translated into Englishe metre. Marry, saye they, “ bycause they were only received to be chaunted in the church, " and not to be song in euery coblers shop. O monstrous and “ malicious infidels !-do you abhorre to heare (God's] glory “ and prayse founding in the mouth of a poore christian arti6 ficer ? &c.” He adds, that since Chaucer, “ there hath “ flourished in England so fine and filed phrases, and so good and pleasant poets, as may counteruayle the doings of Virgill, “ Ouid, Horace, luuenal, Martial, &c.” There was a second edition in 1588, in which the former prefatory matters of every kind are omitted. This edition is dedicated to lord Buckhurst".

From the title of this work, ZODIACUS VITÆ, written in Latin hexameters by Marcello Palingeni, an Italian, about the year 1531, the reader at least expects some astronomical allusions. But it has not the most distant connection with the stars: except that the poet is once transported to the moon, not to measure her diameter, but for a moral purpose ; and that he once takes occafion, in his general survey of the world, and in reference to his title, to introduce a philofophic explanation of the zodiacal system. The author meaning to divide his poem into twelve books, chose to diftinguish each with a name of the celestial

• Strype's PARKER, P. 144.

Bl. Lett. 460


• At the end is a fort copy of verses by Abraham Fleming. See supr. p. 404, • B. xi. AQUARIUS.


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