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the streets. Having interested himself in the fashionable poetry of the times, he was placed high in the ideal Arcadia now just established: and among other instances which might be brought, on his return from Portugal in 1589, he was complimented with a poem, called “ An Egloge gratulatorie entituled to the right honorable and renowned shepherd of Albions Arcadie • Robert earl of Effex and for his returne lately into England'.” This is a light in which lord Essex is seldom viewed. I know not if the queen's fatal partiality, or his own inherent attractions, his love of literature, his heroism, integrity, and generosity, qualities which abundantly over balance his presumption, his vanity, and impetuosity, had the greater share in dictating these praises. If adulation were any where justifiable, it must be when paid to the man who endeavoured to save Spenser from starving in the streets of Dublin, and who buried him in Westminster-abbey with becoming solemnity. Spenser was perfecuted by Burleigh, because he was patronised by Effex.

Thomas Churchyard, who will occur again, rendered the three first of the TRISTIA, which he dedicated to fir Christopher Hatton, and printed at London in 1580".

Among Coxeter's papers is mentioned the ballet of Helen's epistle to Paris, from Ovid, in 1570, by B. G. I suspect this B. G. to be the author of a poem called “ A booke intituled a new tra

gicall historye of too lovers," as it is entered in the register of the Stationers, where it is licenced to Alexander Lacy, under the

year 1563': Ames recites this piece as written by Ber. Gar.

4 Licenced to R. Jones, Aug. 1, 1589. REGISTR. STATION. B. fol. 246. b.

' In quarto. An entry appears in 1577, and 1591. Registr. Station.

• REGISTR. A. fol. 102. It was reprinted, in 1568, for Griffiths, ibid. fol. 174. b. Again, the same year, for R. Jones, · The ballet intituled the ftory of ij fayth“ full lovers.” Ibid. fol. 177. b. Again, for R. Tottell, in 1564, “A tragicall his“torye that happened betweene ij Eng. " lithe lovers.” Ibid. fol. 118. a. I know

not if this be “ The famoofte and notable

history of two faythfull lovers named

Alfayns and Archelaus in myter,” for Colwell, in 1565. Ibid fol. 133. a. There is also “ A proper historye of ij Duche “ lovers," for Purfoote, in 1567. Ibid. fol. 163. a. Also, " The mofte famous “ hiftory of ij Spaneshe lovers," to R. Jones, in 1569. Ibid. fol. 192. b. A poem, called The tragical history of DiDACO AND VIOLENTA, was printed in 1576.


perhaps Bernard Gardiner. Unlefs Gar, which I do not think, be the full name. The title of BALLET was often applied to poems of considerable length. Thus in the register of the Stationers, Sackville's LEGEND OF BUCKINGHAM, a part of the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATEs, is recited, under the year 1557, among a great number of ballads, some of which seem to be properly so styled, and entitled, The murninge of Edward “ duke of Buckynham.” Unless we suppose this to be a popular epitome of Sackville's poem, then just published". A romance, or History, verfified, so as to form a book or pamphlet, was sometimes called a ballad. As " A ballett entituled an “ history of Alexander Campaspe and Apelles, and of the fayth“ full fryndeshippe betweene theym, printed for Colwell, in 1565". This was from the grand romance of Alexander". Some times a Ballad is a work in prose. I cannot say whether, “ A “ ballet intitled the incorraggen all kynde of men to the reedy“ fyinge and buyldynge Poules steeple againe," printed in 1564', was a pathetic ditty, or a pious homily, or both.


A play or interlude was sometimes called a ballet, as, “ A Ballet intituled

AN ENTERLUDE, The cruel detter by Wayer,” printed for Colwell, in 1565. Religiou

1565%. Religious subjects were frequently called. by this vague and indiscriminating name. In 1561, was published “ A new ballet of iiij commandements .” That is, four of the Ten Commandments in metre. Again, among many others of the same kind, as puritanism gained ground, “ A

| Hist. PRINT. 532.551.

+ I will exhibit the mode of entry more at large." To John Kynge THESE BOOKES FOLOW YNGE, Called A Nosegaye, The fcole bowse of women, and also a Sacke "full of NewesThen another paragraph begins, “ To Mr. John Wallis, and Mrs. * Toye, these BALLETS FOLOWYNGE, " that ys to faye,-.” Then follow a. bout forty pieces, among which is this of the Duke of Buckingham. Registr. A. fol. 22. a.

But in those records, Book and Ballet are often promiscuously used.

w RegisTR. STATION. A. fol. 137. b.

* There is, printed in 1565, “ A bal. " let intituled A pelles and Pygmalyne, to the tune of the fyrst Apelles," Ibid. fol. 140. b. And, under the year 1565, “A “ ballet of kynge Polliceute [f. Polycuc"tes) to the tune of Appelles.” Ibid. fol. 133. b. Also, “ The Songe of Appelles," in the same year. Ibid. fol. 138. a. Ву the way, Lilly's Campafpe, first printed in 1591, might originate from these pieces.

ý bid. fol, 6, a,
z Ibid. fol. 138. a.
· Ibid. fol. 75. b.

" ballet

“ ballet intituled the xvijih chapter of the iiijh [second] boke of «. Kynges b.” And I remember to have seen, of the same period, a Ballet of the first chapter of Genesis. And John Hall, abovementioned, wrote or compiled in 1564, “ The Courte OF “ Vertue, contaynynge many holy or fpretuall songes, sonettes,

psalmes, balletts, and shorte fentences, as well of holy scriptures, as others.”

It is extraordinary, that Horace's Odes should not have been translated within the period of which we are speaking. In the year 1566, Thomas Drant published, what he called, “ A “ MEDICINABLE MORALL, that is, the two bookes of Horace “ his satyres Englished, according to the prescription of saint “. Hierome, &c. London, for Thomas Marshe, 1566*.” It is dedicated to “ my Lady Bacon and my Lady Cecill fauourers of “ learning and vertue.” The following year appeared, “ Horace « his Arte of Poetrie, Pistles, and Satyrs Englished, and to the “ earle of Ormounte by Thomas Drant addressed . Imprinted " at London in Fleteftrete nere to S. Dunstones churche, by - Thomas Marshe, 15674.” This version is very paraphrastic,

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> Ibid. fol. 166. a.

c For T. Marshe. Ibid. fol. 118. b. [See supr. p. 181.)

I believe they were first translated by fir Thomas Hawkins, knight, in 1625,

e That is, Quod malum eft muta, quod borum eft prode, from his Epistle to Rufinus,

f At the end of this translation, are, “ The waylings of the prophet Hiere“miah done into Englishe verse. Also Epigrammes. T. Drant, Antidoti falular ris amator. Perused and allowed accord

yng to the queenes maiesties iniunctions." of the Epigrams, four are in English, and seven in Latin. This book is faid to be authorised by the bishop of London. ReGISTR. STATION. A. fol. 140. b. I know pot whether or no the EPIGRAMS were not printed separate : for in 1567, is licenced to T. Marshe, “ A boke intituled “Epygrams and Sentences fpirituall by “ Draunte.” Ibid. fol. 165. a. gument of the JEREMIAH, which he com

pared with the Hebrew and the Septuagint,
Jerusalem is iuftlie plagude,

And left disconfolate,
The queene of townes the prince of realmes

Deuested from her state.
In 1586, Mar. 11, are entered to J. Wolfe,
" and meeter in English, with Tremel-
“ lius's Annotations to the prose.” RE-
GISTR. STATION. B. fol. 216. a. See
Donne's Poems, p. 306. feq. edit. 1633.

& With a Greek motto.

"In quarto. Bl. Lett. In the front of the Dedication he styles himself “ Maister. “ of Arte, and Student in Diuinitye.” There is a licence in 1566-7, to Henry Weekes for “ Orace epestles in Englisfhe.' RegistR. STATION. A. fol. 155. a. And there is an entry of the EPIstles in 1591. REGISTR, B. I find also entered to Col


The ar

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and sometimes parodical. In the address to the reader prefixed, our translator says of his Horace, “ I haue translated him sum“ tymes at randun. And nowe at this last time welnye worde “ for worde, and lyne for lyne. And it is maruaile that I, be“ ing in all myne other speaches so playne and perceauable, " should here desyer or not thun to be harde, so farre forth as I “ can kepe the lerninge and sayinges of the author.” What follows is too curious not to be transcribed, as it is a picture of the popular learning, and a ridicule of the idle narratives, of the reign of queen

Elisabeth. “ But I feare me a number do so " thincke of thys booke, as I was aunswered by a prynter not

long agone : Though fayth he, sir, your boke be wyse and ful of learnyng, yet peradventure it wyl not be saleable: Sig“ nifying indeede, that Aim flames, and gue gawes, be they “ neuer so Neight and slender, are sooner rapte vp thenne are " those which be lettered and clarkly makings. And no doubt " the cause that bookes of learnynge seme so hard is, because “ fuch and so greate a scull of amaroufe [amorous) pamphlets “ haue so preoccupyed the eyes and eares of men, that a multy“ tude beleue ther is none other style or phrase ells worthe gra

mercy'. No bookes fo ryfe or so frindly red, as be these

well, “ The fyrste twoo fatars and peysels “ of Orace Englesihed by Lewis Evans “ schoolemaifter," in 1564. Registr. A. fol. 121. a. This piece is not catalogued among Evans's works in Wood, ATH. Oxon, i. 178. Nor in Tanner, Bibl. p. 270.

i We have this passage in a poem called PASQUILL'S MADNESSE, Lond. 1600.4to.

" Let

fol. 36.

CRONICLES became at length the only
fashionable reading. In The Guls Hornbook,
it is said, “ The top (the leads] of faint
“ Paules containes more names than Stowe's
“ Cronicle." Lond. 1609. 4to. p. 21. Bl.
Lett. That the ladies now began to read
novels we find from this passage,
" them learne plaine workes of all kinde,
“ so they take heed of too open seaming.
Insteade of songes and musicke, let them
“ learne cookerie and laundrie. And in-
“ stead of reading fir Philip Sidney's AR.

CADIA, let them reade the Groundes of

good Huswifery. I like not a female poe" tcfle at any hand.-There is a pretty way “ of breeding young maides in an Ex“ change-shop, or Saint Martines le Grand, “ But many of them gett such a foolish “tick with carrying their band-box to

* gentlemens

And tell prose writers, stories are so ftale,
That pennie ballads make a better sale.
And in Burton's Melancholy, fol. 122.
edit. 1624.

If they reade a booke at any time 'uis an Englith Cronicle, fir Huon of Bourdeaux, or Amadis de " Gaule, a playe bookc, or some pamphlett " of newes.

Hollinllied's and Stowe's VOL. III.

3 H

“ bokes. — But if the settyng out of the wanton tricks of a

payre of louers, as for example let theym be cauled fir “ Chaunticleare and dame Partilote, to tell howe their firste “ combination of loue began, howe their eyes floted, and howe

they anchered, their beames mingled one with the others

bewtye. Then, of their perplexed thowghts, their throwes, “ their fancies, their dryrie driftes, now interrupted now vnper

fyted, their loue days, their sugred words, and their sugred “ ioyes. Afterward, howe enuyous fortune, through this chop “ or that chaunce, turned their bless to bale, seuerynge two " fuch bewtiful faces and dewtiful hearts. Last, at partynge, “ to ad-to an oration or twane, interchangeably had betwixt “ the two, wobegone persons, the one thicke powderd with “ manly passionat pangs, the other watered with womanish teares.

* gentlemens chambers, &c.” TOM OF ALL Trades, or the plaine Path way to Preferment. &c." By Thomas Powell, Lond. 1631. 4to. p. 47, 48.

Female writers of poetry seem to have now been growing common : for, in his ARTE OF ENGLISH POESIE, Puttenham says, “ Darke worde, or doubtfull speach,

are not so narrowly to be looked vpon “in a large poeme, nor specially in the “ pretie poesies and deuises of Ladies and « Gentlewomen-makers,(poetefles,) whom “ we would not haue too precise poets, “ least with their shrewd wits, when they

were married, they might become a lit“ tle too fantasticall wiues.” Lib. iii. ch. xxi. p. 209. Decker, in the Guls HornBOOK, written in 1609, in the chapter How a gallant should behave himself in a play-boufe, mentions the necessity of hoard ing up a quantity of play-scraps, to be ready for the attacks of the “ Arcadian and

Euphuised gentlewomen.” Ch. vi. p. 27. feq. Edward Hake, in A Touchstone for this time present, speaking of the education of young ladies, says, that the girl is “ey" ther altogither kept from exercises of

good learning, and knowledge of good “ letters, or elie she is so nouseled in AMO

rous bookes, vaine stories, and fonde

“ trifeling fancies, &c." Lond. by Thomas Hacket, 1574, 12mo. Signat. C 4. He adds, after many severe censures on the impiety of dancing, that “ the sub“ staunce which is consumed in twoo yeares space vppon the apparaill of one meane gentlemans daughter, or vppon the

daughter or wife of one citizen, woulde
“ bee sufficient to finde a poore student in
the vniuerfitye by the space of foure or
“ five yeares at the least.” Ibid. Signat.
D 2. But if girls are bred to learning,
hé fays, “ It is for no other ende, but to
“ make them companions of carpet knights,
“ and giglots for amorous louers.” Ibid.
Signat. C 4. Gabriel Harvey, in his
elegy DE AULICA, or character of the
Maid of Honour, says, among many other
requisite accomplishments,
Saltet item, pingatque eadem, DOCTUM.

Pangat, nec Musas nesciat illa meas.
Lond. Binneman, 1578. 4to. Lib. iv. p.

He adds, that the should have in her library, Chaucer, lord Surrey, and Garcoigne, together with some medical books.


Ibid. p. 22.

66 Then

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