« הקודםהמשך »
Ipswich, about the first year of queen Maryd. Nearly the same period, a translation of ECCLESIATES into rhyme by Oliver Starkey occurs in bishop Tanner’s library, if I recollect right, together with his Translation of Sallust's two histories. By the way,
there was another vernacular versification of ECCLESIASTES by Henry Lok, or Lock, of whom more will be said hereafter, printed in 1597
This book was also translated into Latin hexameters by Drant, who will occur again in 1572. The ECCLESIÀSTES was versified in English by Spenser.
I have before mentioned the SCHOOL-HOUSE OF WOMEN, a satire against the fair sex“. This was answered by Edward More of Hambledon in Buckinghamshire, about the year 1557, before he was twenty years of age. It required no very powerful abilities either of genius or judgment to confute such a groundless and malignant invective. More's book is entitled, The DEFENCE or Women, especially English women, against a book intituled the SCHOOL-HOUSE OF WOMEN. It it dedicated to Master William Page, secretary to his neighbour and patron fir Edward Hoby of Bilham-abbey, and was printed at London in 1560'.
A short treatise of certayne thinges
Fox has preserved fome hymns in Sternhold's metre sung by the protestant martyrs in Newgate, in 1555. MART. fol. 1539. edit. 1597. vol. ii.
Supr. p. 142. * In quarto. Princip. “ Venụs unto thee for help, good Lady
do I call." Our author, if I remember right, has fur. nished some arguments to one William Heale of Exeter college; who wrote, in 1609, AN APOLOGY FOR Woman, in opposition to Dr. Gager abovementioned, who had maintained at the Public Act, that it was lawful for husbands to beat their wives. Wood says, that Heale“ “ ways esteemed an ingenious man, but “ weak, as being too much devoted to the « female sex.” ATH, Oxon. i, 314.
With the catholic liturgy, all the pageantries of popery were restored to their antient fplendour by queen Mary. Among others, the procession of the boy-bishop was too popular a mummery to be forgotten. In the preceding reign of king Edward the sixth, Hugh Rhodes, a gentleman or musician of the royal chapel, published an English poem with the title, The BOKE OF NURTUR for men feruants and children, or of the gouernaunce of youth, with STANS PUER AD MENSAM S.
In the following reign of Mary, the same poet printed a poem consisting of thirty-six octave stanzas, entitled, “ The Song of the CHYLD“ BYSSHOP, as it was songeh before the queenes maiestie in her
priuie chamber at her manour of laynt James in the ffeeldes
on saynt Nicholas day and Innocents day this yeare nowe pre“ sent, by the chylde bysshope of Poules churche' with his “ company. LONDINI, in ædibus Johannis Cawood typographi “ reginæ, 1555
1555. Cum privilegio, &ck." By admitting this fpectacle into her presence, it appears that her majesty's bigotry condescended to give countenance to the most ridiculous and unmeaning ceremony of the Roman ritual. As to the song itself, it is a fulsome panegyric on the queen's devotion: in which the is compared to Judith, Esther, the queen of Sheba, and the
& In quarto. Bl. Lett. Pe. Prol. “There “ solatii, ad menfam contigerit evocari." « is few things to be understood.” The Sub anno 1319. Tit. xlv. De STATU poem begins, “ Alle ye that wolde learn CHORISTARUM. MS. * and wolde be called wyfe."
k In quarto. Bl. Lett. Strype says, that b In the church of York, no chorister in 1556, “ On S. Nicolas even, Saint Niwas to be elected boy-bishop, “ nifi ha. “ colas, that is a boy habited like a bi“ buerit claram vocem puerilem.” Registr. shop in pontificalibus went abroad in molt Capitul. Ecclef. Ebor. sub ann. 1390. MS. parts of London, finging after the old ut fupr.
« fashion, and was received with many i In the old statutes of faint Pauls, are “ ignorant but well-diíposed people into many orders about this mock-solemnity. so their houses; and had as much good One is, that the canon, called STAGIA " cheer as ever was wont to be had before." RIUS, fhall find the boy-bishop his robes, Eccl. Mem, iii, 310, ch, xxxix. See also and “ equitatum honeftum.” MS. fol. 86,
In 1554, Nov. 13. an Diceto dean. In the statutes of Salisbury edict was issued by the bishop of London, cathedral, it is orderd, that the boy-bishop to all the clergy of his diocese, to have a shall not make a feast,“ sed in domo com boy-bilhop in proceflion, &c. Strype, ibid. “ muni cum sociis conversetur, nisi eum p. 202. ch. xxv. See also p. 205, 206. " ut Choristam, ad domum Canonici, causa ch. xxvi.
p. 387. ch. 1.
virgin Mary'. This show of the boy-bishop, not so much for its superstition as its levity and absurdity, had been formally abrogated by king Henry the eighth; fourteen years before, in the year 1542, as appears by a “ Proclamation devised by the
Kings Majesty by the advys of his Highness Counsel the xxii
day of Julie, 33 Hen. viij, commanding the ffeasts of faint “ Luke, faint Mark, faint Marie Magdalene, Inuention of the “ Crosse, and faint Laurence, which had been abrogated, should “ be nowe againe celebrated and kept holie days,” of which the following is the concluding clause. “ And where as here. “ tofore dyuers and many superstitious and chyldysh obseruances “ have be vsed, and yet to this day are obferued and kept, in
many and sundry partes of this realm, as vpon faint Nicholas *,
In a poem by Llodowy ke Lloyd, in Sermon of the Months MINDE of Marthe Paradise of daintie Deuiles, íedit. 1585.) garet countess of Richmond. Where it is on the death of fir Edward Saunders, said, that she praied to S. Nicholas the paqueen Elisabeth is complimented much in tron and helper of all true maydens, when the same manner. Num. 32. SIGNAT. nine years old, about the choice of a hus
band: and that the faint appeared in a vi. O sacred seate, where Saba fage
fion, and announced the earl of Richmond.
Edit Baker, pag. 8. There is a precept doth fit,
issued to the Theriff of Oxford from Ed. Like Susan found, like Sara sad, with Her.
ward the firft, in 1305, to prohibit tourter's mace in hand, With Iudithes sword, Bellona-like, to rule
naments being intermixed with the sports
of the scholars on faint Nicholas's day. this noble land.
Rot. Clauf. 33 Edw. i, memb. 2. * In Barnabie Googe's POPISH KING. I have already given traces of this pracDOM, a translation from Naogeorgius's tice in the colleges of Winchester and REGNUM ANTICHRISTI, fol. 55. Lond. Eton. [fee fupr. vol.ii. p. 389.) To which 1570. 4to.
I here add another. Registr. Coll. Wint. Saint Nicholas monie vsde to give to may.
" Crux deaurata de cupro
fub ann. 1427. dens fecretlie,
(copper) cum Baculo, pro EPISCOPO Who that be still may vse his wonted li.
“ PUEBORUM.” But it appears that the
practice fubfisted in common grammar: beralitie:
schools. “ Hoc anno, 1464, in fefto sancti The mother all their children on the Eeve
“ Nicolai non erat EPISCOPUS PUERORUM do cause to faft, And when they cuerie one at night in
“ in fchola grammaticali in civitate Can
“ tuariæ ex defectu Magiftrorum, viz. J. senselesse sleepe are cast, Both apples, nuts and payres they bring,
“ Sidney et T. Hikson, &c." Lib. Johan
nis Stone, Monachi Ecclef. Cant. fc. De and other thinges beside,
Obitibus et aliis Memorabilibus fui cænobii ab As cappes, and shoes, and petticoates, with kertles they hide,
anno 1415 ad annum 1467. MS. C.C.C.
C. Q. 8. The abuses of this cuftom in And in the morning found, they fay, “Saint Nicholas this brought, &c.”
Wells cathedral are mentioned so early as
Decemb. 1. 1298. Registr. Eccl. Wellenf. See a curious passage in bishop Fisher's (See fupr. vol. i. 248. ii. 375. 389.]
« saint Catharine", faint Clement', the holie Innocents, and “ and such like ', Children [boys] be strangelie decked and ap“ parayled, to counterfeit Priestes, Bisshopes, and Women, and “ so be ledde with Songes and Dances from house to house, “ blessing the people, and gathering of money; and Boyes do “ finge masse, and preache in the pulpitt, with such other vnfit
tinge and inconuenient vsages, rather to the derysyon than “ anie true glorie of God, or honor of bis sayntes : The Kynges “ maieftie therefore, myndinge nothinge so moche as to aduance " the true glory of God without vain superstition, wylleth and “ commandeth, that from henceforth all fvch svperstitious ob“ seruations be left and clerely extinguished throwout all this “ his 'realme and dominions, for-as moche as the same doth res “ femble rather the vrlawfull fuperftition of gentilitie, than the " pyre and sincere religion of Christe.” With respect to the disguisings of these young fraternities, and their processions from house to house with singing and dancing, specified in this edict,
A The reader will recollect the old play of Saint Catharine, LUDUS CATHARINÆ, exhibited at saint Albans abbey in 1160. Strype says, in 1556, “ On Saint Katha"s rines day, at fix of the clock at night, “ S. Katharine went about the battlements “ of S. Paul's church accompanied with * fine singing and great lights. This was " faint Katharine's Proceflion." Eccl. Mem. iii. 309. ch. xxxix. Again, her proceflion, in 1553, is celebrated with five hundred great lights, round faint Paul's steeple, &c. lbid. p. 51. ch. v. 57. ch. v.
• Among the church-proceflions revived by Queen Mary, that of S. Clement's church, in honour of this faint, was by far the most fplendid of any in London. Their procession to S. Pauls in 1557, " was made very pompous with fourscore " banners and treamers, and the waits of “ the city playing, and threescore priests " and clarkes in copes.
And divers of “ the Inns of Court were there, who went
" next the priests, &c.)! Strype, ubi fupr. iii. 377. ch. xlix.
P In the SYNODUS CARNOTENSIS, under the year 1526, It is ordered, “ In “ fefto fancti Nicholai, Catharinæ, Inno. “ centium, aut alio quovis die, prætextu « recreacionis, ne Scholastici, Clerici, Sa“ cerdotesve, ftultum aliquod aut ridicu" lum faciant in ecclefia. Denique ab ec“ clefia ejiciantur VESTES FATUORUM per“ fonas SCENICAS agentium.” See Bo. chellus, Decret. ECCLES. GALL. lib. iv. Tit. vii. C. 43, 44. 46. p. 586. Yet these sports seem to nave remained in France so late as 1583. For in the Synod of Aix, 1585, it is enjoined, “ Cessent in die Sanc
torum Innocentium ludibria omnia et
pueriles ac theatrales lusus.” Bochell. ibid. C. 45. p. 586. A Synod of Tholouse, an. 1590, removes plays, spectacles, and histrionum circulationes, from churches and their cemeteries. Bochell. ibid. lib. iv. Tit. 1. C. 98. p. 560.
in a very mutilated fragment of a COMPUTUS, or annual Accompt-roll, of faint Swithin's cathedral Priory at Winchester, under the year 1441, a disbursement is made to the singing-boys of the monastery, who, together with the choristers of saint Elisabeth's collegiate chapel near that city, were dressed up like girls, and exhibited their sports before the abbess and nuns of saint Mary's abbey at Winchester, in the public refectory of that convent, on Innocent's day 9, “ Pro Pueris Eleemofynariæ una “ cum Pueris Capellæ sanctæ Elizabethæ, ornatis more puella
rum, et faltantibus, cantantibus, et ludentibus, coram domina “ Abbatiffa et monialibus Abbathiæ beatæ Mariæ virginis, in “ aula ibidem in die sanctorum Innocentium." And again, in a fragment of an Accompt of the Celerar of Hyde Abbey at Winchester, under the year 1490.
" In larvis et aliis indu“ mentis Puerorum visentium Dominum apud Wulsey, et Con“ stabularium Castri Winton, in apparatu suo, necnon subin! trantium omnia monasteria civitatis Winton, in ffesto fancti « Nicholai. :That is, “ In furnishing masks and dresses for “ the boys of the convent, when they visited the bishop at
In the Register of Wodeloke bishop of Winchester, the following is an article among the INJUNCTions given to the nuns of the convent of Rumsey in Hamp. thire, in consequence of an episcopal visitation, under the year 1310. “ Item pro“ hibemus, ne cubent in dormitorio pueri “ masculi cum monialibus, vel foemellæ, “ nec per moniales ducantur in Chorum, “ dum ibidem divinum officium celebra. “ tur.” fol 134. In the same Register these Injunctions follow in a literal French translation, made for the convenience of the nuns.
MS, in Archiv. Wulves. apud Winton. It appears to have been a practice for itinerant players to gain admittance into the nunneries, and to play Latin MYSTERIES before the nuns. There is a curious Canon of the COUNCIL of Co. LOGNE, in 1549, which is to this effect.
" We have been informed, that certain “ Actors of Comedies, not contented with “ the stage and theaters, have even enter“ed the nunneries, in order to recreate “ the nuns, ubi virginibus commoveant vo
luptatem, with their profane, amorous, “ and secular gefticulations. Which spec“tacle, or plays, although they confifted “ of sacred and pious subjects, can yet “ notwithftanding leave little good, but
on the contrary uch harm, in the “ minds of the nuns, who hehold and ad. "mire the outward gestures of the per“ formers, and understand not the words, " Therefore we decree, that henceforward “no Plays, Comedias, shall be admitted “ into the convents of nuns, &c.” Suri Concil. tom. iv. p. 852. Binius, tom. iv. p. 765,
s MS. Ibid. See supr. p. 303•