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Must willingly follow, of choises to choose,
Such lessons approued, as skilful do vse.

Ground grauellie, fandie, and mixed with claie,
Is naughtie for hops, anie maner of waie ;
Or if it be mingled with rubbish and stone,
For drinefse and barrennefse let it alone.


Choose foile for the hop of the rottenest mould,
Well doonged and wrought, as a garden-plot should ;
Not far from the water, but not ouerflowne,
This leffon well noted is meete to be knowne.

The sun in the southe, or else southlie and west,
Is ioie to the hop, as a welcomed guest;
But wind in the north, or else northerlie east,
To the hop, is as ill as a fraie in a feast.

Meet plot for a hop-yard, once found as is told,
Make thereof account, as of iewell of gold :
Now dig it and leaue it, the sunne for to burne,
And afterward fence it, to serue for that turne.

The hop for his profit I thus doo exalt:
It strengtheneth drinke, and it fauoreth malt;
And being well brewed, long kept it will last,
And drawing abide-if ye drawe not too fast'.

CHAP. 42. fol. 93. In this stanza, is a copy of verses by one William Kethe, a divine of Geneva, prefixed to Dr. Christopher's Goodman's absurd and factious pamphlet against queen Mary, How fuperior Powers, &c. Printed at Geneva by John Crispin, 1558. 16mo.

Whom fury long fosterd by sufferance and

Have right rule subverted, and made will

their lawe,
Whose pride how to temper, this truth

will thee tell,
So as thou resift mayst, and yet not rebel,


Qq 2


To this work belongs the well known old song, which begins,

The Ape, the Lion, the Fox, and the Afle,
Thus setts foorth man in a glaffe, &c".

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For the farmer's general diet he afligns, in Lent, red herrings, and salt fish, which may remain in store when Lent is past: at Easter, veal and bacon : at Martinmas, falted beef, when dainties are not to be had in the country : at Midsummer, when mackrel are no longer in season, grasse, or fallads, fresh beef, and pease : at Michaelmas, fresh herrings, with fatted crones, or Theep: at All Saints, pork and pease, sprats and spurlings: at Christmas, good cheere and plaie. The farmer's weekly fish-days, are Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday; and he is charged to be careful in keeping embrings and fast-days ".

Among the Husbandlie Furniture are recited most of the inftruments now in use, yet with several obsolete and unintelligible names of farming utensils*. Horses, I know not from what superstition, are to be annually blooded on saint Stephen's day'. Among the Christmas busbandlie fare, our author recommends good drinke, a good fire in the Hall, brawne, pudding and souse, and mustard withall, beef, mutton, and pork, flored, or minced, pies of the best, pig, veal, goose, capon, and turkey, cheese, apples, and nuts, with jolie carols. A Christmas carol is then introduced to the tune of King Salomon.

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ing a ballad called a

Kynge Saloman." REGISTR. STATION. COMP. LOND, notat. A. fol. 48. a. Again, in 1561, a licence to print iij balletts, the one entituled “ Newas oute of Kent; the other, a newe ballat after the tune of kynge SOLOMON ;

and the other, Newes out of Heaven and Hell.Ibid. fol. 75. a. See Lycence of John Tysdale for printing Certayne “goodly Carowles to be songe to the glory “of God,” in 1562. Ibid. fol. 86. a. Again, ibid. “ Crestenmas Carowles aucto. risthed by my lord of London.” A bal.


In a comparison between Champion and Severall, that is, open and inclosed land, the disputes about inclosures appear to have been as violent as at present". Among his Hufwifelie Admonitions, which are not particularly addressed to the farmer, he advises three dishes at dinner, which being well dressed, will be sufficient to please your friend, and will become your Hall 6. The prudent houfewife is directed to make her own tallowcandles i Servants of both sexes are ordered to go to bed at ten in the summer, and nine in the winter : to rise at five in the winter, and four in the summer". The ploughman's feasting days, or holidays, are PLOUGH-MONDAY, or the first Monday after Twelfth-day, when ploughing begins, in Leicestershire. SHROF-TIDE, or SHROVE-TUESDAY, in Essex and Suffolk, when after shroving, or confession, he is permitted to go thresh the fat ben, and “ if blindfold (you) can kill her “ then giue it thy men,” and to dine on fritters and pancakes o. SHEEP-SHEARING, which is celebrated in Northamptonshire with wafers and cakes. The WAKE-DAY, or the vigil of the church saint, when everie wanton maie danse at her will, as in Leicestershire, and the oven is to be filled with flownes. HAR

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cles; together with games at dice, and dancing. This practice he adds, was not conformable to the usage of most other nations, who permitted these diversions, not at Christmas, but a few days before Lent, about the time of Shrovetide. Hist. ANGL. Lib. xiii. f.211. Bafil. 1534. By the way, Polydore Virgil observes, that the Christmas. prince or Lord of Misrule, is almoft peculiar to the English. De Rer. INVENTOR. lib.v. cap. ii. Shrove-Tuesday seems to have been sometimes considered as the last day of Christmas, and on that account might be celebrated as a festival. In the year 1440, on Shrove-Tuesday, which that year was in March, at Norwich there was a

Disport in the streets, when one rode " through the streets havyng his hors trap“ pyd with tyn-Soyle, and other nyfe

disgysyngs, coronned as Kyng of CresTemasse, in tokyn that selon should

“ end

Vest-Home, when the harvest-home goose is to be killed. SeeD-CAKE, a festival so called at the end of wheat-fowing in Effex and Suffolk, when the village is to be treated with feedcakes, pasties, and the frumentie-pot. But twice a week, according to antient right and custom, the farmer is to give roastmeat, that is, on Sundays and on Thursday-nights'. We have then a set of posies or proverbial rhymes, to be written in various rooms of the house, such as “ Husbandlie posies for the Hall, “ Pofies for the Parlour, Pofies for the Gheits chamber, and « Pofies for thine own bedchamber 8.” Botany appears to have been eminently cultivated, and illustrated with numerous treatises in English, throughout the latter part of the fixteenth century". In this work are large enumerations of plants, as well for the medical as the culinary garden.

Our author's general precepts have often an expressive brevity, and are sometimes pointed with an epigrammatic turn and a smartness of allusion. As thus,

Saue wing for a thresher, when gander doth die ;
Saue fethers of all things, the softer to lie :
Much spice is a theefe, so is candle and fire ;
Sweet fause is as craftie as euer was frieri.

Again, under the lessons of the housewife.

Though cat, a good mouser, doth dwell in a house,
Yet euer in dairie haue trap for a mouse:

" end with the twelve moneths of the

yere: aforn hym went yche (each) Mo“ neth dysgufyfyd after the selon requiryd, &c." Blomf. Norf. ii. p. 111. This very poetical pageantry reminds me of a Similar and a beautiful proceflion at Rome, described by Lucretius, where the Sea. SONS, with their accompaniments, walk personified. Lib. v. 736. It Ver et Venus, et Veneris prænuntius Pinnatus ZEPHYRUS graditur veftigia

propter ;

FLORA quibus mater præspergens ante viai
Cuncta coloribus egregiis et odoribus op.

Inde AUTUMNUS adit, &c.

Fol. 138.
& Fol. 144, 145. See Inscriptions of
this sort in “ The Welspring of wittie Con.

ceights,” translated from the Italian by W. Phift. Lond. for R. Jones, 1584. Bl. Lett. 4to. SIGNAT. N 2.

See the Preface to Johnson's edition of Gerharde's HERBAL, printed in 1633. fol.


í Fol. 134.


Take heed how thou laieft the bane * for the rats,
For poisoning thy servant, thyself, and thy brats.

And in the following rule of the smaller economics.

Saue droppings and skimmings, however ye
For medcine, for cattell, for cart, and for thoo".

ye doo,

In these stanzas on haymaking, he rises above his common manner.

Go muster thy seruants, be captain thyselfe,
Prouiding them weapons, and other like pelfe:
Get bottells and wallets, keepe fielde in the heat,
The feare is as much, as the danger is great.

With tossing, and raking, and setting on cox,
Grasse latelie in swathes, is haie for an oxe.
That done, go to cart it, and haue it awaie :
The battell is fought, ye haue gotten the daie ".

A great variety of verse is used in this poem, which is thrown into numerous detached chapters o. The HUSBANDRIE is divided into the several months. Tuffer, in respect of his antiquated diction, and his argument, may not improperly be styled the English Varro.

k Poison.

i Fol. 131. m Fol. 134.

* Fol. 95: CH: 44

• In this book I first find the metre of Prior's f.ng,

Despairing beside a clear stream.”
For instance.

What looke ye, I praie you few what?
Termes painted with rhetorike fine ?

Good husbandrie feeketh not that,
Nor ist anie meaning of mine.
What lookeft thou, speeke at the last,
Good lessons for thee and thy wife?
Then keepe them in memorie fast

To helpe as a comfort to life.
BOOKE, ch.


fol. 14. In the same meafure is the COMPARISON BETWEENE CHAMPION COUNTRIE AND SEVERALL, ch. 52, fol, To8.


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