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CEPTIONS to his Son, a book which I have never seen. These Letters were published about the year 1650. It is also found in the DIVINE DIALOGUES of doctor Henry More", who has illustrated its important moral with the following fine reflections. • The affairs of this world are like a curious, but intricately “ contrived Comedy; and we cannot judge of the tendency of “ what is past, or acting at present, before the entrance of the - last Act, which shall bring in Righteousness in triumph: “ who, though the hath abided many a brunt, and has been very

cruelly and despightfully used hitherto in the world, yet at “ last, according to our desires, we shall see the knight over“ come the giant. For what is the reason we are so much

pleased with the reading romances and the fictions of the “ poets, but that here, as Aristotle says, things are set down as “ they should be; but in the true history hitherto of the world,

things are recorded indeed as they are, but it is but a testimony, that they have not been as they should be? Where

fore, in the upshot of all, when we shall see that come to pass, " that so mightily pleases us in the reading the most ingenious

plays and heroick poems, that long afflicted vertue at last “ comes to the crown, the mouth of all unbelievers must be “ for ever stopped. And for my own part, I doubt not but " that it will so come to pass in the close of the world. But

impatiently to call for vengeance upon every enormity before " that time, is rudely to overturn the stage before the entrance “ into the fifth act, out of ignorance of the plot of the comedy; “ and to prevent the folemnity of the general judgement by “ more paltry and particular executions o.

Parnell seems to have chiefly followed the story as it is told by this Platonic theologist, who had not less imagination than learning.

Pope used to say, that it was originally written in

n Vol. iv. Let. iv. p. 7. edit. 1655. Svo.

# Part I. p. 321. DIAL. ii. edit. Lond. 1668. 12mo. I must not forget that it occurs, as told in our Gesta, among a

collection of Latin Apologues, quoted above, MSS. HARL. 463. fol. 8. a. The rubric is, De Angelo qui duxit Heremitam ad diversa Hofpitia.


• Ibid. p. 335.

Spanish. This I do not believe : but from the early connection between the Spaniards and Arabians, this affertion tends to confirm the suspicion, that it was an oriental tale.

CHAP. Ixxxi. A king violates his sister. The child is exposed in a chest in the sea ; is christened Gregory by an abbot who takes him up, and after various adventures he is promoted to the popedom. In their old age his father and mother go a pilgrimage to Rome, in order to confess to this pope, not know . ing he was their son, and he being equally ignorant that they are his parents : when in the course of the confeffion, a discovery is made on both sides.

CHAP. Ixxxix. The three rings.

This story is in the DeCAMERON', and in the Cento Novelle AntiCHE?: and perhaps in Swift's TALE OF A TUB.

CHAP. xcv. The tyrant Maxentius. From the Gesta RoMANORUM, which are cited.

I think there is the romance of MAXENCE, Constantine's antagonist.

CHAP. xcvi. King Alexander places a burning candle in his hall; and makes proclamation, that he will absolve all those who owe him forfeitures of life and land, if they will appear before the candle is consumed.

CHAP. xcvii. Prodigies before the death of Julius Cesar, who is placed in the twenty-second year of the city. From the CRONICA, as they are called.

CHAP. xcix. A knight faves a serpent who is fighting in a forest with a toad', but is afterwards bit by the toad. The knight languishes many days : and when he is at the point of death, the same serpent, which he remembers, enters his chamber, and sucks the poison from the wound.

pi. 3

attack begins, and of the serpent fighting with and being killed by the spider, originate from Pliny, Nat. Hist. x. 84.

9 Nov. lxxi.

The stories, perhaps fabulous, of the Serpent fighting with his inveterate enemy the weazel, who eats rue before the

XX. 13•


CHAP. ci. Of Ganterus, who for his prowess in war being elected a king of a certain country, is on the night of his coronation conducted to a chamber, where at the head of the bed is a fierce lion, at the feet a dragon, and on either side a bear, toads, and serpents. He immediately quitted his new kingdom ; and was quickly elected king of another country. Going to rest the first night, he was led into a chamber furnished with a bed richly embroidered, but stuck all over with sharp razors. This kingdom he also relinquishes. At length he meets a hermit, who gives him a staff, with which he is directed to knock at the gate of a magnificent palace, seated on a lofty mountain. Here he gains admittance, and finds every sort of happiness unembittered with the laest degree of pain.

The king means every man advanced to riches and honour, and who thinks to enjoy these advantages without interruption and alloy. The hermit is religion, the staff penitence, and the palace heaven.

In a more confined sense, the first part of this apologue may be separately interpreted to signify, that a king, when he enters on his important charge, ought not to suppose himself to succeed to the privilege of an exemption from care, and to be put into immediate poffefsion of the highest pleasures, conveniencies, and felicities of life ; but to be sensible, that from that moment, he begins to encounter the greatest dangers and difficulties.

CHAP. cii. Of the lady of a knight who went to the holy land. She commits adultery with a clerk skilled in necromancy. Another magician discovers her intrigues to the absent knight by means of a polished mirror, and his image in wax.

In Adam Davie's Gesr or romance of ALEXANDER, Nectabanus, a king and magician, discovers the machinations of his enemies by embattelling them in figures of wax.

This is the most extensive necromantic operation of the kind that I remember, and must have formed a puppet-shew equal to the most splendid pantomime. Vol. III.


Barounes weore whilom wys and gode,
That this ars' wel undurstode :
Ac on ther was Neptanamous
Wis' in this ars and malicious :
Whan kyng other eorl" cam on him to weorre"
Quyk he loked in the steorre *;
Of wax made him popetts',
And made heom fyzhte with battes :
And so he learned, je vous dy,
Ay to aquelle ? hys enemye,
With charms and with conjurisons :
Thus he afaied the regiouns,
That him cam for to asaile,
In puyr · manyr of bataile";
By cler candel in the nyzt,
He mad uchon with othir to fyzt,
Of alle manere nacyouns,
That comen by schip or dromouns.
At the laste, of mony londe
Kynges therof haden gret onde',
Well thritty y gadred beotho,
And by spekith al his deth'.
Kyng Philipp s of grete thede
Maister was of that fede b:
He was a mon of myzty hond,
With hem brouzte, of divers lond,
Nyne and twenty ryche kynges,
To make on hym bataylynges :

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Neptanamous hyt understod;
Ychaunged was al his mod
He was aferde sore of harme:
Anon he deede' caste his charme;

he madde anon,
And of his barounes everychon,
And afterward of his fone" ;
He dude hem to gedere to gon?
In a bafyn al by charme :
He fazh on him fel theo harme;
He feyz flye of his barounes
Of al his lond distinctiouns,
He lokid, and kncow in the sterre,

Of al this kynges theo grete werreo, &c. '
Afterwards he frames an image of the queen Olympias, or
Olympia, while sleeping, whom he violates in the shape of a

Theo lady lyzt on ? hire bedde,
Yheoled' wel with silken webbe,
In a chaysel. smok scheo lay,
And yn a mantell of doway : :
Of theo bryztnes of hire face
Al about schone the place'.

i He did.

k Enemies. 1 He made them fight. » He saw the harm fall on, or against, Himself.

Saw fly,

The great war of all these kings. · MSS. (Bod. Bibl.) LAUD. I, 74. f. 54. Laid,

r Covered. "In the romance of Aris et PORPHILION. Cod. Reg. Par. 7191.

Un chemis de chaisil

De fil, et d'avre moult foutil. • Perhaps in SyR LAUNPAL, the fame ituation is more elegantly touched. MSS. Cotton, CALIG, A. 2. fol, 35. a.

In the pavyloun he found a bed of prysy
Y heled with purpure bys
That semyly was of fyzte;
With inne lay that lady gente,
That after fyr Launfal hadde sente,
That lefsom beamed bryzt:
For hete her clothes douo fhe dede.
Almost to her gerdylstede ;
Than lay she uncovert :
Sche was as whyt as lylye in Maye,
Or snowe that inoweth yn wynterys daye ;
He feygh nevir non so pert,
The rede rose whan sche is newe
Azens her rode nes nauzt of hewe,
Y dar fay yn fert
Her hare schon as gold wyre, &c.
e 2


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