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bed. As he had been raised by the exaltation, he was involved in the misfortunes of that injured princess, who had no other fault but an unguarded and indiscrete frankness of nature ; and whose character has been blackened by the bigotted historians of the catholic cause, merely because she was the mother of queen Elisabeth. To gratify the ostensible jealousy of the king, who had conceived a violent passion for a new object, this amiable nobleman was beheaded on the first of May, in 1536 b. His elegance of person, and spritely conversation, captivated all the ladies of Henry's court. Wood says, that at the “ royal “ court he was much adored, especially by the female fex, for his admirable discourse, and symmetry of body.” From these irresistible allurements his enemies endeavoured to give a plausibility to their infamous charge of an incestuous connection. After his commitment to the Tower, his fifter the queen, on being sent to the same place, asked the lieutenant, with a degree of eagerness, “Oh! where is my sweet brother k ?" Here was a specious confirmation of his imagined guilt: this stroke of natural tenderness was too readily interpreted into a licentious attachment. Bale mentions his RHYTHMI ELEGANTISSIMI', which Wood calls, Songs and Sonnets, with other things of “ the like nature.” These are now loft, unless some, as I have insinuated, are contained in the present collection ; a garland, in which it appears to have been the faihion for every FLOWERY COURTIER to leave some of his blossoms. But Boleyn's poems cannot now be distinguished.

The lord Vaulx, whom I have supposed, and on surer proof, to be another contributor to this miscellany, could not be the Nicholas lord Vaux, whose gown of purple velvet, plated with gold, eclipsed all the company present at the marriage of prince Arthur ; who shines as a statesman and a soldier with uncommon lustre in the history of Henry the seventh, and continued

See Dugd. BARON. iii. p. 306. a.

Ath. Oxon. i. 44. k * Strype, Mem. i. p. 280.

1 ii. 103.
. Ubi fupr.


to adorn the earlier annals of his successor, and who died in the year 1523. Lord Vaux the poet, was probably Thomas lord Vaux, the son of Nicholas, and who was summoned to parliament in 1531, and seems to have lived till the latter end of the reign of queen Mary". All our old writers mention the poetical lord Vaux, as rather posterior to Wyat and Surrey; neither of whom was known as a writer till many years after the death of lord Nicholas. George Gascoyne, who wrote in 1575, in his panegyric on the ENGLISH Poets, places Vaux after Surrey.

Piers Plowman was full playne,

And Chaucer's spreet was greate;
Earle Surrey had a goodly vayne,

LORD VAux the marke did beate.

Puttenham, author of the ARTE OF ENGLISH POESIE, having spoken of Surrey and Wyat, immediately adds, “ In the SAME

TIME, or noT LONG AFTER, was the lord Nicholas • Vaux, “ a man of much facilitie in vulgar making P.” Webbe, in his DISCOURSE of English Poetrie, published in 1586, has a similar arrangement. Great numbers of Vaux's poems are extant in the PARADISE OF DAINTY DEVISES ; and, instead of the rudeness of Skelton, they have a smoothness and facility of manner, which does not belong to poetry written before the year 1523, in which lord Nicholas Vaux died an old man”. The PARADISE of Dainty Devises was published in 1578, and he is there simply styled Lord Vaulx the elder : this was to distinguish him from his son lord William, then living. If lord Nicholas was a writer of poetry, I will venture to assert, that none of his performances now remain; notwithstanding the

"See what I have faid of his son lord William, in the Life of SIR THOMAS Pope, p. 221. In 1558, fir Tho. Pope leaves him a legacy of one hundred pounds, by the name of lord Vaulx.

• The christian name is a mistake, into which it was easy to fall.

P Fol. 48.
9 See Percy's BALL. ii. 49. edit. 1775.


testimony of Wood, who says, that Nicholas, “ in his juvenile

years was sent to Oxon, where by reading humane and ro“ mantic, rather than philosophical authors, he advanced his “ genius very much in poetry and history'.” This may be true of his fon Thomas, whom I suppose to be the poet. But such was the celebrity of lord Nicholas's public and political character, that he has been made to monopolise every merit which was the property of his successors.

of his successors. All these difficulties, however, are at once adjusted by a manuscript in the British Museum : in which we have a copy of Vaux's poem, beginning I lothe that I did love, with this title : “ A dyttye or fonet made by the lord « Vaus, in the time of the noble quene Marye, representing “ the image of Death •.” This sonnet, or rather ode, entitled, The aged lover renounceth love, which was more remembered for its morality than its poetry, and which is idly conjectured to have been written on his death-bed', makes a part of the collection which I am now examining". From this ditty are taken three of the stanzas, yet greatly disguised and corrupted, of the Grave-digger's Song in Shakespeare's HAMLET". Another of lord Vaux's poems in the volume before us, is the AssAULT OF CUPIDE UPON THE FORT IN WHICH THE LOVER'S HEART LAY WOUNDED. These two are the only pieces in our collection, of which there is undoubted evidence, although no name is prefixed to either, that they were written by lord Vaux. : From palpable coincidencies of style, subject, and other circum

stances, a slender share of critical sagacity is sufficient to point out many others.

These three writers were cotemporaries with Surrey and Wyat: but the subjects of some of the pieces will go far in ascertaining the date of the collection in general. There is one on the death

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of fir Thomas Wyat the elder, who died, as I have remarked, in 1541'. Another on the death of lord chancellor Audley, who died in 1544”. Another on the death of master Devereux, a son of lord Ferrers, who is said to have been a Cato for his counsel"; and who is probably Richard Devereux, buried in Berkyng church', the son of Walter lord Ferrers, a distinguished statesman and general under Henry the eighth. Another on the death of a lady Wentworth “. Another on the death of fir Antony Denny, the only person of the court who dared to inform king Henry the eighth of his approaching diffolution, and who died in 1551°. Another on the death of Phillips, an eminent musician, and without his rival on the lute". Another on the death of a countess of Pembroke, who is celebrated for her learning, and her perfect virtues linked in a chaine 5 : probably Anne, who was buried magnificently at faint Pauls, in 1551, the first lady of fir William Herbert the firft earl of Pembroke, and sister to Catharine Parr, the sixth queen of Henry the cighth“. Another on master Henry Williams, son of fir John Williams, afterwards lord Thame, and a great favorite of Henry the eighth'. On the death of fir James Wilford, an officer in

y Fol. 89. 3 Fol. 69. . Fol. 51.

ii. 177

ii. 310:

and Fox says, “ he was so notable a ling“ ing.man, wherein he gloried, that where

“ foever he came, the longest song with Stowe, Surv. LOND. p. 131. fol. ed. “ moft counterverses in it hould be set up c Who died in 1558. See Dugd. BAR. " against him." Fox adds, that while he

was singing on one side of the choir of • Fol. 73. Margaret. See Dugd. BAR. Windsor chapel, O Redemptrix et Salvatrix,

he was answered by one Testwood a finger . Fol. 78. There is fir John Cheek's on the other side, Non Redemptrix nec SalEPITAPHIUM ix Anton. Denneium. Lond. vatrix. For this irreverence, and a few

other flight heresies, Testwood was burnt Fol.71. One Philips is mentioned among at Windsor. Acts and MONUM. vol. ii. the famous English muficians,in Meres's Wits

p: 543, 544. I must add, that fir Thomas Trefurie, 1598. fol. 286. I cannot afcer- Phelyppis, or Philips, is mentioned as a tain who this Phillips, a mufician, was. musician before the reformation. Hawkins, But one Robert Phillips, or Phelipp, oc

Hist. Mus. ii. 533. curs among the gentlemen of the royal

3 Fol. 85. chapel under Edward the fixth and queen

Strype, Mem. ii. p. 317. Mary. He was also one of the finging. · Fol. 99. See LiFi OF SIR THOMAS men of faint George's chapel at Wind for:

POPE, p. 232.


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Henry's wars, we have here an elegy", with some verses on his picture'. Here is also a poem on a treasonable conspiracy, which is compared to the stratagem of Sinon, and which threatened immediate extermination to the British constitution, but was speedily discovered ", I have not the courage to explore the formidable columns of the circumstantial Hollingshed for this occult piece of history, which I leave to the curiosity and conjectures of some more laborious investigator. It is certain that none of these pieces are later than the year 1557, as they were published in that year by Richard Tottell the printer. We may venture to say, that almost all of them were written between the years 1530 and 1550". 1550". Most of them perhaps within the first

part of that period.

The following nameless stanzas have that elegance which results from simplicity. The compliments are such as would not disgrace the gallantry or the poetry of a polished age. The thoughts support themselves, without the aid of expression, and the affectations of language. This is a negligence, but it is a negligence produced by art. Here is an effect obtained, which it would be vain to seek from the studied ornaments of style.

Give place, ye ladies, and be gone,
Boast not yourselves at all :
For here at hand approcheth one
Whose face will staine you all.

The vertue of her lively lokes
Excels the precious stone:
I wish to have none other bokes
To reade or loke upon.

Fol. 36.

a lady, called Arundel, is highly celebra

ted for her incomparable beauty and ac1 Fol. 62.

complishments: perhaps of lord Arundel's . Fol. 94. 95.

family. · There is an epitaph by W. G. made Thus Arundel fits throned still with on himself, with an answer, fol. 98, 99.

Fame, &c.
I cannot explain those initials. At fol. 111.
Vol. III.


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