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of Chichester, now dispersed, was a Collection of short comic stories in profe, printed in the black letter under the year 1570, “ sett forth by maister Richard Edwardes mayster of her maief“ ties reuels.” Undoubtedly this is the same Edwards : who from this title expressly appears to have been the general conductor of the court festivities: and who most probably succeeded in this office George Ferrers, one of the original authors of the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATES . Among these tales was that

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• Who had certainly qnitted that office before the year 1575. For in George Gascoigne’s Narrative of queen Elisabeth's splendid visit at Kenilworth-castle in War. wickshire, entitled the PrinceLIE PLEASURES OF KENILWORTH-CASTLE, the oc. tave ftanzas spoken by the Lady of the Lake, are said to have been “ devised and “penned by M. (Mafter] Ferrers, fome" time Lord of Misrule in the Court.” Signat. A. iij. See also Signat. B. ij. This was George FERRERS mentioned in the text, a contributor to the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATEs. I take this opportunity of infinuating my suspicions, that I have too closely followed the testimony of Philips, Wood, and Tanner, in fuppofing that this George Ferrers, and EDWARD Ferrers a writer of plays, were two distinct persons. See supr. p. 213. I am now con. vinced that they have been confounded, ind that they are one and the same man. We have already seen, and from good auhority, that GEORGE Ferrers was Lord of Misrule to the court, that is, among ther things of a like kind, a writer of ourt interludes or plays; and that king Cdward the sixth had great delight in his zftimes. See supr. vol. ii. 381. The confu. on appears to have originated from Puttenam, the author of the Arte or ENGLISH OESIE, who has inadvertently given to GEORGE the christian name of EDWARD, ut his account, or character, of this EDARD Ferrers has served to lead us to e truth. “ But the principall man in this profession (poetry) at the same time [of Edward the fixth) was maister Ed

“ WARD Ferrys, a man of no leffe mirth “ and felicitie that way, but of much more “ skil and magnificence in his meeter, and " therefore wrate for the moft part to the

stage in Tragedie and sometimes in Co. “ medie, or Enterlude, wherein he gave “ the king fo much good recreation, as he had thereby many good rewardes.” Lib. i. ch. xxxi. pag. 49. edit. 1589. And again, “For Tragedie the Lord Buck.

hurst, and maister Edward Ferrys, for “ such doinges as I have sene of theirs, “ deserve the highest price.” Ibid. p. 51. His Tragedies, with the magnificent meeter, are perhaps nothing more than the stately monologues in the MIRROUR of Macis. TRATES ; and he might have written 0. thers either for the stage in general, or the more private entertainient of the court, now loft, and probably never printed. His Comedie and Enterlude are perhaps to be understood, to have been, not so much regular and profesied dramas for a theatre, as little dramatic mummeries for the courtholidays, or other occasional festivities. The court-shows, like this at Kenilworth, were accompanied with personated dialogues in verse, and the whole pageantry was often styled an interlude. This reasoning also accounts for Puttenham's seeming omiffion, in not having enumerated the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATES, by name, among the thining poems of his age. I have before observed, what is much to our purpose, that no plays of an EDWARD Ferrers, (or Ferrys, which is the same,) in print or manuscript, are now known to exift, nor are mentioned by any writer of


of the INDUCTION OF THE TInker in Shakespeare's TAMING of the Shrew : and perhaps Edwards's story-book was the immediate source from which Shakespeare, or rather the author of the old TAMING OF A Shrew, drew that diverting apologue'. If I recollect right, the circumstances almost exactly tallied with an incident which Heuterus relates, from an Epistle of Ludovicus Vives, to have actually happened at the marriage of Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy, about the year 1440. I will give it in the words, either of Vives, or of that perspicuous annalist, who flourished about the year 1580.

« Nocte quadam a cæna cum aliquot præcipuis amicorum per urbem deam“ bulans, jacentem confpicatus est medio foro hominem de

plebe ebrium, altum stertentem. In eo visum est experiri

quale eflet vitæ noftræ ludicrum, de quo illi interdum essent “ collocuti. Jussit hominem deferri ad Palatium, et lecto Ducali “ collocari, nocturnum Ducis pileum capiti ejus imponi, exu“ taque sordida veste linea, aliam e tenuiffimo ei lino indui. De

mane ubi evigilavit, præsto fuere pueri nobiles et cubicularii “ Ducis, qui non aliter quam ex Duce ipso quærerent an luberet

surgere, et quemadmodum vellet co die vestiri. Prolata « sunt Ducis vestimenta. Mirari homo ubi fe eo loci vidit. In“ dutus est, prodiit e cubiculo, adfuere proceres qui illum ad “ sacellum deducerent. Interfuit facro, datus est illi osculan“ dus liber, et reliqua penitus ut Duci. A sacro ad prandium “ instructiflimum. A prandio cubicularius attulit chartas luso“ rias, pecuniæ acervum. Lusit cum magnatibus, sub serum

the times with which we are now concerned. George Ferrers at least, from what actually remains of him, has some title to the dramatic character. Our GEORGE Ferrers, from the part he bore in the ex. hibitions at Kenilworth, appears to have been employed as a writer of metrical {peeches or dialogues to be spoken in cha. racter, long after he had left the office of lord of milrule. A proof of his reputed excellence iu compositions of this nature,

and of the celebrity with which he filled that department.

I also take this opportunity, the earliest which has occurred, of retracting another Night mistake. See supr. p. 272. There was a second edition of Niccols's MirROUR OF MAGISTRATES, printed for W. Aspley, Lond. 1621. 4to.

See Six OLD PLAYS, Lond. 1779. 1 2mo.

" deambulavit

“ deambulavit in hortulis, venatus est in leporario, et cepit aves

aliquot aucupio. Cæna peracta est pari celebritate qua pran" dium. Accensis luminibus inducta sunt musica instrumenta,

puellæ atque nobiles adolescentes faltarunt, exhibitæ sunt fa“ bulæ, dehinc comeffatio

quæ hilaritate atque

invitationibus ad potandum producta eft in multam noctem. Ille vero largiter fe “ vino obruit præstantissimo; et postquam collapsus in somnum “ altiffimum, juffit eum Dux vestiinentis prioribus indui, atque “ in eum locum reportari, quo prius fuerát repertus: ibi transegit “ noctem totam dormiens. Postridie experrectus cæpit secum de “ vita illa Ducali cogitare, incertum habens fuifsetne res vera,

an visum quod animo esset per quietem obfervatum. Tandem “ collatis conjecturis omnibus atque argumentis, ftatuit fomnium fuiffe, et ut tale uxori liberis ac viris narravit. Quid interest “ inter diem illius et noftros aliquot annos ? Nihil penitus, nisi

quod hoc est paulo diuturnius fomnium, ac fi quis unam duntaxat horam, alter vero decem fomniaffet.”

To an irresistible digression, into which the magic of Shakespeare's name has insensibly seduced us, I hope to be pardoned for adding another narrative of this frolic, from the ANATOMY OF MELANCHOLY by Democritus junior, or John Burton, a very learned and ingenious writer of the reign of king James the first. “When as by reason of unseasonable weather, “ he could neither hawke nor hunt, and was now tired with “ cards and dice, and such other domesticall sports, or to see “ ladies dance with some of his courtiers, he would in the “ evening walke disguised all about the towne. It so fortuned, as he was walking late one night, he found a country fellow “ dead drunke, snorting on a bulke : hee caused his followers “ to bring him to his palace, and then stripping him of his old clothes, and attyring him in the court-fashion, when he “ wakened, he and they were all ready to attend upon his Ex

rus says, this story was told to Vives by an old officer of the duke's court.

8 Heuterus, Rer. BURGUND. Lib. iv. p. 150. edit. Plantin. 1584. fol. Heute.




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“ cellency, and persuaded him he was some great Duke. The

poore fellow admiring how he came there, was served in state " all day long : after supper he saw them dance, heard musicke, " and all the rest of those court-like pleasures. But late at is night, when he was well tipled, and againe faste asleepe, they

put on his old robes, and so conveyed him to the place where “ they first found him. Now the fellowe had not made there " so good sport the day before, as he did now when he returned " to himselfe; all the jest was, to see how he looked upon

it. • In conclusion, after some little admiration, the poore man “ told his friends he had seene a vision, constantly believed it, “ would not otherwise be persuaded, and so the joke ended h.” If this is a true story, it is a curious specimen of the winterdiversions of a very polite court of France in the middle of the fifteenth century. The inerit of the contrivance, however, and comic effect of this practical joke, will atone in some measure for many

indelicate circumstances with which it must have neceffarily been attended. I presume it first appeared in Vives's Epistle. I have seen the story of a tinker disguised like a lord in recent collections of humorous tales, probably transmitted from Edwards's story-book, which I wish I had examined more carefully.

I have assigned Edwards to queen Mary's reign, as his reputation in the character of general poetry seems to have been then at its height. I have mentioned his sonnets addressed to the court-beauties of that reign, and of the beginning of the reign of queen Elisabeth'.

h Burton's ANATOMY of MelanCHOLY. Part ii. S. 2. pag. 232. fol. Oxon. 1624. There is an older edition in quarto.

i Viz. Tit. A. xxiv. MSS. Cott. (See fupr. p. 284.) I will here cite a few lines. HAWARDE is not haugte, but of such smy

lynge cheare, That wolde alure eche gentill harte, hir

love to holde fulle deare :

DACARS is not dangerus, hir talke is no.

thinge coye,
Hir noble stature may compare with Hec-

tor's wyfe of Troye, &c.
At the end, “ Finis R. E." I have a faint
recollection, that some of Edwards's forgs
are in a poetical miscellany, printed by T.
Colwell in 1567, or 1568. “ Newe So-
~ nettes and pretty pamphlettes, &c."


If I should be thought to have been disproportionately prolix in speaking of Edwards, I would be understood to have partly intended a tribute of respect to the memory of a poet, who is one of the earliest of our dramatic writers after the reformation of the British stage.

Entered to Colwell in 1567-8. REGISTR.

ATION. A. fol. 163.b. I cannot quit Ed. wards's songs, without citing the first stanza of his beautiful one in the Paradise of Dain. tie Deuises, on Terence's apothegm of A. mantium iræ amoris integratio eft. Num. 50. SIGNAT. G. ii. edit. 1585. In going to my naked bed, as one that

would have slept, I heard a wife fing to her child, that long

before had wept : She fighed fore, and lang full sweete, to

bring the babe to reft, That would not cease, but cried ftill, in

fucking at her breft.

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