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• Edwardes late Mayster of the Children in the queenes “ maiefties chapell.”
O happie house, O place
Of Corpus Christi”, thou
To that so braue a bow':
The fruit more ripe at fill,
Your trickling teares distill.
• Corpus Chrifti college at Oxford. " thinges are fained that neuer were, as Bough. Branch.
“ CUPID AND Psyche plaid at PAULES, 8 At Oxford.
“ and a great many comedies more at the While the royal chapel and its fing “ Black-friars, and in euerie playhouse in ing-boys remain.
“ London, &c.” SIGNAT. D 4. Undoubt. In a puritanical pamphlet without name, edly the actors of this play of Cupid printed in 1569, and entitled, “ The AND PSYCHE were the choriters of saint 6. Children of the Chapel stript and Paul's Cathedral: but it may be doubted, " whipt,” among bishop Tanner's books whether by Paules we are here to underat Oxford, it is said, “ Plaies will neuer stand the Cathedral or its Singing school, “ be supprest, while her maiefties un. the last of which was the usual theatre of “ fledged minions flaunt it in filkes and those choristers. See Goffon's " PLAYEŚ “ fartens. They had as well be at their
ACTIONS, &c. “ popish service, in the deuils garments, Prouing that they are not 10 be fuffred in a " &c.” fol. xji: a, 12mo.
This is per
chrisian common weale, by the waye both haps the earliest notice now to be found in “ the cauils of Thomas Lodge, and the print, of this young company of come “ Play of Playes, written in their defence, dians, at least the earlieft proof of their " and other objections of Players frendes, celebrity, From the fame pamphlet we are truely sei downe and directly aunlearn, that it
offence to “ sweard." Lond. Impr. for T. Gosfon, the puritans, that they were suffered to act no date. Bl. Lett. 12mo. We are sure that plays on profane subjects in the royal cha RELIGIOU6 plays were presented in our pel itself.
“Even in her maiesties chap. churches long after the reformation. Not “ pel do these pretty vpítart youthes pro to repeat or multiply instances, fee SE“ fane the Lordes Day by the lascivious COND AND THIRD BLAST OF RETRAIT “ writhing of their tender limbs, and gor FROM PLAles, printed 1580, pag. 77. geous decking of their apparell, in feign 12mo. And Gosson's SCHOOLE OF ABUSE, bawdie fables gathered from the ido
p. 24. b. edit. 1579. As to the exhibition “ latrous heathen poets, &c.” ibid. fol. xiii. of plays on SUNDAYS after the reformab. But this practice foon ceased in the royal tion, we are told by John Field, in his chapels. Yet in one of Stephen Goson's DECLARATION OF God's JUDGEMENT at books against the stage, written in 1579,
Paris Garden, that in the year 1580, “The is this paffage. “In playes, either those “ Magiftrates of the citty of London ob.
Whilst court a court shall be ; Good Edwards, eche astat" shall much
Both want and wish for thee !
Wherein thou wontst to play,
Shall beare in minde away.
" teined from queene Elizabeth, that all “ heathenish playes and enterludes Mould “ be banished upon sabbath dayes." fol. ix. Lond. 1583. 8vo. It appears from this pamphlet, that a prodigious concourse of people were assembled at Paris Garden, to see plays and a bear-baiting, on Sunday Jan. 13, 1583, when the whole theatre fell to the ground, by which accident many of the spectators were killed. (See also Henry Cave's Nurration of the Fall of Paris Garden, Lond. 1588. And D. Beard's Theater of Gods Judgements, edit. 3. Lond. :631. lib. i. c. 35. pag. 212.
Allo Reutation of Heywood's Apologie for Actors, ). 43. by J. G. Lond. 1615. 4to. And itubbs's Anatomie of Abuses, p. 134, 135. dit. Lond. 1595.) And we learn from Richard Reulidges's Monster lately found out nd discovered, or the Scourging of Tiplers, circumstance not generally known in our ramatic history, and perhaps occasioned у these profanations of the fabbath, that Many godly citizens and wel-disposed gentlemen of London, considering that play-houses and dicing-houses were traps for yong gentlemen and others, made humble suite to queene Elizabeth and her Privy.councell, and obtained leave from her Majesty, to thrust the Players out of the citty, and to pull downe all Play-houses and Dicing.houses within their Liberties : which accordingly was effected, and the Play-houses, in GRA• CIOUS [ Grace-church į street, BiSHOPS GATE STREET,that nigh PAULES, that on LUDGATE - HILL, and the WHITE-FRIERS, were quite put downe
“ and suppressed, by the care of these re“ ligious senators." Lond. 1628. pp. 2, 3, 4. Compare G. Whetstone's MIRROUR FOR MAGISTRATES OF Citties. Lond. 1586. fol. 24. But notwithstanding these precise measures of the city magiftrates and the privy-council, the queen appears to have been a constant attendant at plays, especially those presented by the children of her chapel.
u Eftate. Rank of life.
w Hamlet calls Horatio, o Damon dear, in allufion to the friendship of Damon and Pythias, celebrated in Edwards's play. HAML, Act iii. Sc. 2.
* Pythias. I have said above, that the first edition of Edwards's DAMON PYTHIAS was printed by William Howe in Fleet-street, in the year 1570,
" The “ tragicall comedie, &c.” See fupr. p. 285, But perhaps it may be necessary to retract this affertion. For in the Register of the Stationers, under the year 1563, a receipt is entered for the licence of Alexander Lacy to print, “ A ballat entituled tow (two) la. * mentable Songes PITAIAS and DA6 mon.” Registr. A. fol. 136. b. And again, there is the receipt for licence of Richard James in 1566, to print “ A boke "entituled the tragicall comedye of Da“ monde and Pithyas.” Ibid. fol. 161. b. In the same Register I find, under the year 1569-70,“ An ENTERLUDE, a lamenta“ble Tragedy full of pleasant myrth,” licenced to John Alde. Ibid. fol. 184. b. This I take to be the first edition of Pres. ton's CAMBYses, so frequently ridiculed by his cotemporaries.
ARCite and PALAMON,
Francis Meres, in his “ PALLADIS TAMIA, Wits Treasurie, “ being the second part of Wits COMMONWEALTH,” published in 1598, recites Maister EDWARDES of ber maiefties chapel as one of the best for comedy, together with “ Edward earle of “ Oxforde, doctor Gager of Oxford', maister Rowly once a
rare scholler of Pembrooke Hall in Cambridge, eloquent and “ wittie John Lillie, Lodge, Gascoygne, Greene, Shakespeare, " Thomas Nah, Thomas Heywood, Anthony Mundye', our
z Ibid. fol. 78. b. And not to multiply in the text citations in proof of Edwards's popularity from forgotten or obscure poet , I observe at the bottom of the page, that T. B in a recommendatory poem prefixed to John Studley's English version of Seneca's AGAMEMNON, printed in 1566, ranks our author Edwards with Phaer the translator of Virgil, Jasper Haywood the translator of Seneca's TROAS and Her. CULES FURENS, Nevile the translator of Seneca's OEDIPUS, Googe, and Golding the trandator of Ovid, more particularly with the latter. With him also, as seemeth me,
Our EDWARDS may compare ;
Doth he fyt in agall chayre. * A famous writer of Latin plays at Oxford. See fupr. vol. ii. 384.
6 I have never seen any of Antony Munday's plays. It appears from Kemp's NINE DATES WONDER, printed in 1600, that he was famous for writing ballads. In The Request to the impudent generation of Ballad-makers, Kemp calls Munday “one whose “ employment of the pageant was utterly
spent, be being knowne to be Elder" ton's immediate heire, &c." SIGNAT. See the next note.
He seems to have been much employed by the bookfellers as a publisher and compiler both in verse and prose. He was bred at
Rome in the English college, and was thence usually called the Pope's scholar. See his pamphlet The Englishman's Roman Life, or how Englishmen live at Rome. Lond. 1582. 4to.
But he afterwards tu ped proteftant. He published “ The Discoverie of Ed. “mund Campion the Jesuit,” in 1582, 12mo. Lond. for E. White. He published also, and dedicated to the earl of Leicester, Two godly and learned Sermons made by that famous and worthy instrument in God's church M. Jobn Calvin, translated into English by Horne bishop of Winchester, during his exile. “ Published by A. M." for Henry Car, Lond. 1584. 12mo. Munday frequently used his initials only. Also, a Brief CHRONICLE from the Creation 10 this time, Lond. 1611. 8vo. This seems to be cited by Hutten, ANTIQUIT. OxF. p. 281. edit. Hearne, See RegistR. STATION, B. fol. 143. b.
He was a city-poet, and a composer and contriver of the city.pageants. These are, CHRYSO-TRIUMPHOS, &c. devised and written by A.Munday, 1611.-TRIUMPHS OF OLD DRAPERY, &c. by A, M. 1616. -METROPOLIS CORONATA, &c. by A. M. 1615. with the Story of ROBIN-HOOD. Printed by G. Purstowe. - CHRYSANALEIA, [The golden-fishery] or the honor of fishmongers, concerning Mr. John Lemans being twice Lord-mayor, by A. M. 1616. 410. -THE TRIUMPHS OF REUNITed BRITANNIA, &c. by A. Munday, ci. tizen and draper of London, 4to. I roba
“ best plotter, Chapman, Porter, Wilson, Hathway, and Henry " Chettle." Puttenham, the author of the Arte of English
bly Meres, as in the text, calls him the best plotter, from his invention in these or the like shows, William Webbe in the Discourse of English Poetrie, printed in 1586, fays, that he has seen by Anthony Munday, an earnest traveller in this art, “ very excellent works, especially upon
nymphs and shepherds, well worthy to “ be viewed, and to be esteemed as rare
poetry." In an old play attributed to Jonson, called The Case is altered, he is ridiculed under the name of ANTONIO BALLADINO, and as a pageant-poet. In the same scene, there is an oblique stroke on Meres, for calling him the best PLOT
" You are in print already for the BEST PLOTTER," with his city-pageants, I suppose he was DUMB-SHOW maker to the stage.
Munday's DiscoverY OF CAMPION gave great offence to the catholics, and produced an anonymous reply called “ A “ True Reporte of the deth and martyr“ dom of M. Campion, &c. Whereunto " is annexed certayne verses made by sun“ drie persons." Without date of year or place. Bl. Lett. Never seen by Wood, [ATH. Oxon. col. 166.] Pub ished, I suppose, in 1583, 8vo. At the end is a CAUEAT, containing some curious anecdotes of Munday. Munday was first a “ ftage player ; after an aprentise, which Es time he well ferued hy with deceeuing ss of his master. Then wandring towards " Italy, by his owne reporte, became a * cosener in his journey. Coming to Rome, ' in his shorte abode there, was charitably
relieued, but neuet admitted in the ce. 'minary, as he pleseth to lye in the title • of his boke; and being wery of well • doing, returned home to his first vomite, • and was hift from his stage for folly.
Being thereby discouraged, he set forth - a balet againit playes, - tho he after*wards began again to ruffle upon the * stage. I omit among other places his - behaviour in Barbican with his good - mistres, and mother, Two thinges how
“ ever must not be passed over of this boyes “ infelicitie two seuerall wayes of late no“ torious. First, he writing upon the death “ of Everaud Haunse was immediately con“ troled and disproued by one of his owe “ hatche. And shortly after setting forth “ the Aprehension of Mr. Campion, &c." The last piece is,
a breef Discourse of " the Taking of Edmund Campion, and di“ vers other papists in Barklhire, &c. Ga" thered by A.M." For W. Wrighte, 1581.
He published in 1618, a new edition of Stowe's SURVEY OF LONDON, with the addition of materials which he pretends to have received from the author's own hands. See Dedication. He was a ci. tizen of London, and is buried in Cole. man-ftreet church; where his epitaph gives him the character of a learned antiquary. SEYMOUR's Surv. LOND. i. 322. He collected the Arms of the county of Middlesex, lately transferred from fir Simeon Stuart's library to the British Museum.
. Fol. 282. I do not recollect to have seen any
of Chettle's comedies. He wrote a little romance, with some verses intermixed, entitled, “ Piers PLAINNBS sea. “ uen yeres Prentiship, by H. C. Nuda “ Veritas. Printed at London by J. Danter "6 for Thomas Goffon, and are to be sold “ at his shop by London-bride gate, 1595." 4to. Bl. Lett. He wrote another pamphlet, containing anecdotes of the petty literary squabbles, in which he was concerned with Greene, Nashe, Tarleton, and the players, called “ KINDE-HARTS DREAMe, Con“ taining five Apparitions with their In“ uectiues against abuses raigning. Deli. “ uered by feuerall Ghofts unto him to be pub
lisht after Piers Penilesse Poft had refused “ the carriage. Inuita Inuidia. By H. C.
Imprinted at London for William
Wright.” 4to. without date. Bl. Lett. In the
Epiftle prefixed, To the Gentlemen Readers, and signed Henrie Chettie, he says, “ About three moneths since died M, Ro. “bert Greene, (in 1592] leaving many "papers in sundry Booke sellers handes,
Poesie, mentions the “ earle of Oxford, and maister Edwardes “ of her majesties chappel, for comedy and enterludet."
Among the books of my friend the late Mr. William Collins
among others his GroatS WORTH OF “ Wit, in which a letter written to diuers s6 PLAY-MAKERS is offensibly by one or two “ of them taken, &c." in the same, he mentions an Epistle prefixed to the second part of GERILEON, falsely attributed to Nashe. The work consists of four or five Addresses. The first is an ironical Admo. nition to the Ballad-fingers of London, from Antonie Now Now, or Antony Mun. day, just mentioned in the text, a great Ballad-writer. From this piece it appears, that the antient and respectable profession of ballad-making, as well as of balladsinging, was in high repute about the metropolis and in the country fairs. SIGNAT, C. " When I was liked, says Anthonie, “ there was no thought of that idle vp“start generation of ballad-fingers, nei" ther was there a printer so lewd that “ would set his finger to a lasciuious line.' But now, he adds, “ ballads are abusively “ chanted in every street ; and from Lon. “ don this evil has overspread Eflex and “ the adjoining counties. There is many “ a tradesinan, of a worship.ull trade, yet “ no stacioner, who after a little bringing “vppe apprentices to finging brokerie, “ takes into his shoppe some fresh men, « and trustes his olde fervauntes of a two “ months standing with a doften groates « worth of ballads. In which if they prove “ thriftie, he makes them prety chapmen, “ able to spred more pamphlets by the “ state forbidden, than all the booksellers “ in London, &c.” The names of many ballads are here also recorded, WATKINS ALE, The CARMANS WHISTLE, ChopPING-KNIVES, and FrieR Fox-taile. Out-roaringe Dick, and Wat Wimbars, two celebrated trebles, are said to have got twenty fhillings a day by finging at Braintree fair in Efex. Another of these Addresses is from Robert Greene to Peirce Pennilesse. SIGNAT. E. Another from Tarle. ton the Player to all maligners of honeft
mirth. E 2." Is it not lamentable, fays “ he, that a man should spende his two
pence on plays in an afternoone!- If
players were suppressed, it would be to " the no fmal profit of the Bowlinge Alleys “ in Bedlam and other places, that were
[are] wont in the afternoones to be left
empty by the recourse of good fellowes “ into that vnprofitable recreation of stage
playing. And it were not much amille “ woulde they joine with the Dicing“ houses to make sute againe for their
longer restrainte, though the Sicknesse “ ceale.—While Playes are usde, halfe the “daye is by moft youthes that haue liber" tie spent vppon them, or at least the “ greatest company drawne to the places “ where they frequent, &c.” This is all in pure irony. The last address is from William Cuckowe, a famous master of legerdemain, on the tricks of juglers. I could not fuffer this opportunity, accidentally offered, to pass, of giving a note to a forgotten old writer of comedy, whose name may not perhaps occur again. But I must add, that the initials H. C. to pieces of this period do not always mean Henry Chettle. In ENGLAND's Helicon are many pieces figned H.C. Probably for Henry Constable, a noted sonnet-writer of these times. I have “ DIANA, or the ex. “ cellent conceitfull Sonnets of H. C. “ Augmented with diuers quatorzains of “ honorable and learned personages, Di“ uided into viij Decads. Vincitur a faci“ bus qui jacit ipfe faces.” At Lond. 1596. 16mo. These are perhaps by Henry Con. ftable. The last Sonnet is on a Lady born 1588. In my copy, those by H. C. are marked H. C. with a pen. Henry Conftable will be examined in his proper place. Chettle is mentioned, as a player I think, in the last page of Dekker's KNIGHTS CONJURING, printed in 1607.
d Lib. i. ch. xxxi. fol. 51. a.