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« seen that incomparable earl of Surrey his English translation “ of Virgil's Eneids, which, for a book or two, he admirably “ rendreth, almost line for line, will bear me witness that those “ other were foils and sportives. The English poems of fir “ Walter Raleigh, of John Donne, of Hugh Holland, but especially of fir Foulk Grevile in his matchless MUSTAPHA, “ are not easily to be mended. I dare not presume to speak of his Majesty's exercises in this heroick kind. Because I see “ them all left out in that which Montague lord bishop of Win“ chester hath given us of his royal writings. But if I should “ declare mine own rudeness rudely, I should then confess, that “ I never tasted English more to my liking, nor more smart, “ and put to the height of use in poetry, than in that vital,

judicious, and most practicable language of Benjamin Jonson's poems. d Bolton's HyperCRITICA,

monument erected by the Britons to Boadi“ Rule of Judgement for writing or read cea. ch. xxv. At the end is his Histo. “ing our Historys." ADDRESSE, iv, Secr,

RICAL PARALLEL, Mewing the difference iii. pag. 235. seq. First printed by An. between epitomes and just histories, "herethony Hall, (at the end of Trivet. Annal. “ tofore privately written to my good and Cont. And Ad. Murimuth. Chron.) Ox “ noble friend Endyrnion Porter, one of ford, 1722. octavo. The manuscript is “ the gentlemen of the Prince's chamber.” among

Cod. MSS. A. Wood, Muf. ASH He instances in the accounts given by MOL. 8471. 9. quarto. with a few notes by Florus and Polybius of the battle between Wood. This judicious little tract was oc Hannibal and Scipio: observing, that gecafioned by a passage in fir Henry Saville's neralities are not so interesting as facts Epistle prefixed to his edition of our old and circumstances, and that Florus gives Latin hiftorians, 1596. HYPERCRIT. p. us“ in proper words the flowers and tops 217. Hearne has printed that part of it of noble matter, but Polybias sets the which contains a Vindication of Jeffrey “ things themselves, in all their necessary of Monmouth, without knowing the au parts, before our eyes.” He therefore thor's name. Gul, Neubrig. PREFAT. conclades, “ that all spacious mindes, atAppend. Num. iii. p. Ixxvii. vol. i. See " tended with the felicities of means HYPERCRIT. p. 204. Bolton's princi. " and leisure, will fly abridgements as pal work now extant is “ Nero CÆSAR, “ bane.” He published, however, an Eng. “or Monarchie depraved, an Historical lish version of Florus. He wrote the Life “ Worke." Lond. 1624. fol. This scarce of the Emperor Tiberius, never printed. book, which is the life of that emperor, Ner. Cæs. ut fupr. p. 82. He designed and is adorned with plates of many cu a General History of England. HYPERrious and valuable medals, is dedicated to CRIT. p. 240. In the British Museum, George duke of Buckingham, to whom there is the manuscript draught of a book Bolion seems to have been a retainer. entitled " AGON HEROICUS, or concern. (See Hearne's Lel, COLLECTAN, vol. vi. ing arms and armories, by Edmund Boulp. 60. edit. 1770.) In it he supports a “ ton.” MSS. Cott. Faustin. E. 1. 7. specious theory, that Stonehenge was a fol. 63. And in the same library, his


Among several proofs of the popularity of this poem afforded by our old comedies, I will mention one in George Chapman's MAY-DAY printed in 1611. A gentleman of the most elegant taste for reading, and highly accomplished in the current books of the times, is called “ One that has read Marcus Aurelius, “ Gesta Romanorum, and the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATES".

The books of poetry which abounded in the reign of queen Elisabeth, and were more numerous than any other kinds of writing in our language, gave birth to two collections of Flowers selected from the works of the most fashionable poets. The

ProsoPOPEIA BASILICA, a Latin Poem PERCRIT. p. 237.) mentions king James's
upon the translation of the body of Mary Works published by bithop Montague.
queen of Scots in 1612, from Peterborough That edition is dated 1616.
to Westminiter-abbey. MSS. Cort. Tit. A few particularities relating to this
A. 13. 23. He compiled the Life of king writer's Nero CÆSAR, and some other of
Henry the second for Speed's Chronicle : his pieces, may be seen in Hearne's MSS.
but Bolton being a catholic, and speak. Coll. Vol 50. p. 125. Vol. 132. p. 94.
ing too favourably of Becket, another Life

Vol. 52. pp. 171.192. 186. See also Oriwas written by Doctor Jolin Barcham, ginal Letters from Anstis to Hearne. MSS. dean of Bocking. See The Surfeit to Bibl. Bodl. RAWLINS, I add, that Ed. A.B.C. Lond. 1 2mo. 1656. p. 22. Written

mund Bolton has a Latin copy of recomby Dr. Ph. King, author of poems in 1657, mendatory verses, in company with George on of King bishop of London. Compare Chapman, Hugh Holland, Donne, Selden, HYPERCRIT. p. 220. Another work in Beaumont, Fletcher, and others, prefixed he walk of philological antiquity, was his to the old folio edition of Benjamin JonVINDICIÆ BRITANNICÆ, or London son'. Works in 1616. Frighted, &c." Never printed, but pre

" Lord Berners's Golden boke of ared for the press by the author. Among MARCUS AURELIUS emperour and elother ingenious paradoxes, the principal quent oratour.” See supr. p. 42. The m of this treatise is to prove, that Lon. first edition I have seen was by Berthelette, on was a great and flourishing city in 1536. quarto. It was often reprinted. But e time of Nero; and that conlequently see Mr. Steevens's SHAKESPEARE, vol. i. lius Cefar's general description of all p. 91. edit. 1778. MARCUS AURELIUS < British towns, in his COMMENTARIES, is among the Coppies of James Roberts, false and unjuft. Hugh Howard, esquire, a considerable printer from 1573, down to e Gen. Doct. iii. 446.) had a fair ma below 1600. MSS. Coxeter. See Ames, script of this book, very accurately writ. Hist. PRINT. p. 341.

in a thin folio of forty five pages. It Act ii. fol. 39. 4to. See DissERnot known when or where he died. One TAT. supr. p. iv. I take this opportunity inund Bolton, most probably the same, of remarking, that Ames recites, printed urs as a CONVICTOR, that is, an in for Richard Jones, “ The MirOUR OF endent member, of Trinity college Ox “ MAJESTRATES' by G. Whetstone, 1584," ., under the year 1586. In Archiv. quarto. Hist. PRINT. p. 347. I have 1. Wood (MS. Notes, ut fupr ) supposed never seen it, but believe it has nothing HYPERCRITICA to have been written to do with this work. at 1610. But our author himself, (Hy. Vol. III.



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first of these is, “ ENGLAND'S PARNASSUS. Or, the choysest “ Flowers of our moderne Poets, with their poeticall Compari“ fons, Descriptions of Bewties, Personages, Castles, Pallaces,

Mountaines, Groues, Seas, Springs, Riuers, &c. Whereunto " are annexed other various Discourses & both pleafaunt and profitable. Imprinted at London for N. L. C. B. and Th. Hayes. “ 1600 h.” The collector is probably Robert Allot', whose initials R. A. appear subscribed to two Sonnets prefixed, one to fir Thomas Mounson, and the other to the Reader. The other compilation of this sort is entitled, BELVIDERE, or the Gar“ den of the Muses. London, imprinted for Hugh Astly, “ 1600 k.” The compiler is one John Bodenham. In both of

& Poetical extracts.

" the world is come to that pass, that there n In duodecimo. cont. 510 pages. “ starts up every day an old goose that fits

i A copy which I have seen has R. Allot, “ hatching up these eggs which have been instead of R. A. "There is a cotemporary “ filched from the nest of crowes and kefbookseller of that name. But in a little “ trells, &c." Act i. Sc. ii. Then fol. book of EPIGRAMS. by John Weever, lows a criticism on Spenser, Constable, printed in 1599, (+2mo.) I find the fol Lodge, Daniel, Watson, Drayton, Davis, lowing compliment.

Maríton, Marlowe, Churchyard, Nashe,

Locke, and Hudson, Churchyard is com" Ad Robertum Allot et Christopherum mended for his Legend of Shore's Wife Middleton.

in the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATES. Quicke are your wits, sharpe your conceits, Hath not Shores Wife, although a light Short, and more sweet, your lays:

fkirts he, Quick but no wit, harp no conceit, Given him a long and lasting memory? Short and lefje weet my Praise."

By the way, in the Register of the Sta& « Or sentences gathered out of all tioners, jun. 19. 1594, The lamentable end * kinds of poets, referred to certaine me of SHOR B's Wife is mentioned as a part " thodical heads, profitable for the ase of of Shakespeare's Richard the third. And “ these times to rhyme upon any occafion in a pamphlet called PxMLICO OR RUN at a little warning."

." Octavo. But the AWAY REDCAP, printed in 1596, the compiler does not cite the names of the well-frequented play of SHORE is menpoets with the extraéts. This work is ri. tioned with PericLES PRINCE of TYRE. diculed in an anonymous old play, “ The From Beaumont and Fletcher's KKIGHT “ RETURN PROM PARNASSUS, Or, the OF THE BURNING PESTLE, written 1613, "Scourge of Simony, publickly acted by JANE SHORE appears to have been a cele. “ the students in Saint John's College Cam brated tragedy. And in the Stationer's

bridge, 1606.” quarto. Judicio says, Register (Oxenbridge and Busby, Aug. “ Confidering the furies of the times, I 28. 1599.) occurs « The Hiftory of the “ could better see these young can-quafting “ Life and Death of Master Shore and “ hucksters shoot off their pelletts, so * JANE SHore his wife, as it was lately

they could keep them from these Eng. « acted by the earl Derbie his servants." LISH FLORES POETARUM.; but now


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these, especially the former, the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATES is cited at large, and has a conspicuous share k. At the latter end of the reign of queen Elisabeth, as I am informed from some curious manuscript authorities, a thin quarto in the black letter was published, with this title, “ The MIRROUR OF “ MIRROVRS, or all the tragedys of the Mirrovr for Magif« trates abbreuiated in breefe histories in prose. . Very necessary for those that haue not the Crónicle. London, imprinted for “ James Roberts in Barbican, 1598."

1598'.” This was an attempt

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k Allot's is much the most complete per "" ed poets of our nation, colleated about formance of the two. The method is by “ the beginning of the reign of King far more judicious, the extracts more co. James I. But this tho I have been years pious, and made with a degree of taste. “ seeking after, yet I cannot get a fight of With the extracts he respectively cites the · « it." ATH. Oxon. p. 606, But the moft námes of the poets, which are as follows. comprehensive and exact COMMON-PLACE Thomas ACHELLY. Thomas BASTARD. of the works of our moft eminent poets George CHAPMAN, Thomas CHURCH. throughout the reign of queen Elisabeth, YARD. Henry CONSTABLB. Samuel Da and afterwards, was published about forty Niel. John Davies. Michael DRAYTON. years ago, by Mr. Thomas Hayward of Thomas Dekkar. Edmund FAIRFAX. Hunger ford in Berkshire, viz. “The BriCharles Fitz-JEFFREY. Abraham TISH MUSE, A Collection of THOUGHTS, FRAUNCE. George GASCOIGNE. Edward “ MORAL, NATURAL, and SUBLIME, of GILPIN. Sir John HARRINGTON. John our ENGLISH Poets, who fourished in HIGGINS. Thomas HUDSON. James “ the fixteenth and seventeenth Centuries. King of Scots. [i. e. James the First. ] “ With several curious Topicks, and beauBenjamin Jonson. Thomas Kyd. Tho “ tiful Passages, never before extracted, mas LODGE. [M. M. i. e. MIRROUR OF “ from Shakespeare, Jonson, Beaumont, MAGISTRATES.) Christopher Marlowe. “ Fletcher, and above a Hundred more. Jarvis MARKHAM. John MARSTON. “ The whole digested alphabetically, &c. Christopher MIDDLETON. Thomas NAShE. " In three volumes. London, Printed for Vaulx] Earl of Oxford. George PeeLE. “F. Cogan, &c. 1738.” 12mo. The Matthew RAYDON. Master SACKVILE. Preface, of twenty pages, was written William SHAKESPEARE. Sir Philip Side by Mr. William Oldys, with the supervisal YEY. Edmund Spenser. Thomas STORER. and corrections of his friend doctor CampH. Howard) Earl of SURREY, John Syl. bell. This anecdote I learn from a manu. ESTER. George TURBERVILLB. Wile fcript insertion by Oldys in my copy of am WARNER. Thomas Watson. John, Allot's ENGLANDS PARNASSUS, abovend William, Weever. Sir Thomas mentioned, which once belonged to Oldys. VYAT. I fufpect that Wood, by mistake, "From manuscripts of Mr. Coxeter, of is attributed this collection by Allot, Trinity college Oxford, lately in the hands

Charles Fitz-jeffrey abovementioned, of Mr. Wise Radclivian Librarian at Ox. poet before and after 1600, and author ford, containing extracts from the copythe AFFANIÆ. But I will quote Wood's rights of our old printers, and regifters of ords. Fitz-jeffrey hath also made, as the Stationers, with several other curious tis faid, A Collection of choice Flowers and notices of that kind. Ames had many of Defcriptions, as well out of his, as the Coxeter's papers. He died in London works of several others the most renown

Nh 2

about 1745


to familiarise and illustrate this favorite series of historic soliloquies: or a plan to present its subjects, which were now become universally popular in rhyme, in the dress of profe.

It is reasonable to suppose, that the publication of the MirROUR OF MAGISTRATES enriched the stores, and extended the limits, of our drama. These lives are so many, tragical speeches in character. We have seen, that they suggested scenes to Shakespeare. Some critics imagine, that HISTORICAL Plays owed their origin to this collection. At least it is certain, that the writers of this MIRROUR were the first who made a poetical use of the English chronicles recently compiled by Fabyan, Hall, and Hollinshed, which opened a new field of subjects and events; and, I may add, produced a great revolution in the state of popular knowledge. For before those elaborate and voluminous compilations appeared, the History of England, which had been shut up in the Latin narratives of the monkish annalists, was unfamiliar and almost unknown to the general reader.



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