« הקודםהמשך »
That it was in high esteem throughout the reign of queen Eli. sabeth, appears, not only from its numerous editions, but from the testimony of fir Philip Sidney, and other cotemporary writers'. It is ranked among the most fashionable pieces of the times, in the metrical preface prefixed to Jasper Heywood's THYestes of Seneca, translated into English verse, and published in 1560'. It must be remembered that only Baldwyne's part had yet appeared, and that the translator is supposed to be speaking to Seneca.
In Lyncolnes Inne, and Temples twayne,
Grayes Inne, and many mo,
Thy verse shall florithe so;
Had taught them for to wright,
And goodly grace to endight.
Whose woork his witte displayes ;
And preache abroade his prayse.
Sydney says, “ I esteem the MIRROUR cated to Queen Mary, fol. Again, 1548, of MAGISTRATES to be furnished of 1582, 4to.
This is the book mentioned • beautifull partes." He then mentions in the text. North studied in Lincoln's Inn Surrey's Lyric pieces. DEFENCE OF Poe in the reign of queen Mary. I am not sure le, fol. 561. ad calc. Arcad. Lond. that the translator of Plutarch's Lives in 629. fol. Sidney died in 1586. So that 1579 is the same. There is Doni's Mohis was written before Higgins's, and RALL PHILOSOPHIE from the Italian by onsequently Niccols's, additions,
fir Thomas North, in 1601.
M.D.LX.” duodecim. bl. lett. It is de would be a valuable accession to our old
poetry. But probably the term fonnets
yong men three
And featlye fyned bee :
There Yelverton's * do flee
Of myghtie Jove his brayne.
Of BALDWYNE's worthie name,
Proclayme eternall fame.
By name and eke by kynde,
What frute by foes to fynde.
A common wealth to frame,
To woorthy authors name.
Reporte that runneth ryfe ;
And Zodiake of lyfe :
w Norton is Sackville's coadjutor in GORDOBUCKE.
* The Epilogue to Gascoigne's JOC ASTA, acted at Grays-inn in 1566, was written by Christopher Yelverton, a student of that inn, afterwards a knight and a Judge. I have never seen his Dirties here mentioned.
y Thomas Blundeville of Newton-Flotinan in Norfolk, from whence his dedica, tion to lord Leicester of an English version of Furio’s Spanith tract on Counsels AND Counselors is dated, Apr. 1. 1570: He printed many other prose pieces, chiefly translations. His PLUTARCH mentioned in the text, is perhaps a manuscript in the British Museum, PLUTARCHS Com
MENTARY that learning is requisite to a
2 William Bavande, a student in the
mon weale, &c. Englished by William « Bauande.” He was of Oxford.
* Barnaby Googe's Palingenius will be Spoken of hereafter.
A pryncely place in Parnaffe hill
For these there is preparde,
For them a right rewarde.
Shall dewly them defende,
About theyr heddes to bende.
And where their pennes shall hang full high, &c. These, he adds, are alone qualified to translate Seneca's tragedies.
In a small black-lettered tract entitled the Touch-STONE of Wittes, chiefly compiled, with some slender additions, from William Webbe's DISCOURSE OF ENGLISH Poetrie, written by Edward Hake, and printed at London by Edmund Botifaunt in 1588, this poem is mentioned with applause. 66 Then have “ we the MirrOUR OF MAGISTRATEs lately augmented
by my friend mayster John Higgins, and penned by the
choysest learned wittes, which for the stately-proportioned “ uaine of the heroick style, and good meetly proportion of “ uerse, may challenge the best of Lydgate, and all our late
rhymers o.” That sensible old English critic Edmund Bolton,
• Fol. vii. a. duodecim. I know but lit. “ and schollers in learning. Gathered into tle more of this forgotten writer, than that “ Englishe meeter by Edward Hake.” It he wrote also, “ A TOUCHESTOne for is an epitome of a Latin tract De pueris " this time present, expressly declaring ftatim ac libera iter inftituendis. In the de“ such ruines, enormities, and abuses, as dication, to maister John Harlowe his apo « trouble the church of God and our prooued friende, he calls himself an attour. “ christian commonwealth at this daye, ney in the Common Pleas, observing at “ &c. Newly sett foorth by E. H. Im the same time, that the “ name of an Ar. “ printed at London by Thomas Hacket, tourney in the common place (pleas) is " and are to be solde at his Top at the now a dayes growen into contempt.” “ Greene Dragon in the Royall Exchange, He adds another circumstance of his life,
1574.” duodec. At the end of the “Epif. that he was educated under John Hopkins, “ tle dedicatorie to his knowne friende whom I suppose to be the translator of the “ Mayster Edward Godfrey, merchant," psalms. See fupr. p. 167.] “ You being his name EDWARD Hake is subscribed at i trained vp together with me your poore length. Annexed is,
“ A Compendious “ schoolfellow, with the instructions of “ fourme of education, to be diligently " that learned and exquisite teacher, Mais. “ obferued of all parentes and scholemai “ter John Hopkins, that worthy schoole. “ters in the trayning vp of their children “ maister, nay rather that most worthy pa
in a general criticism on the style of our most noted poets before the year 1600, places the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATes in a high rank. It is under that head of his HYPBR CRITICA, entitled “ Prime Gardens for gathering English according to the “ true gage or standard of the tongue about fifteen or sixteen
years ago.” The extract is a curious piece of criticism, as written by a judicious cotemporary. Having mentioned our profe writers, the chief of which are More, Sidney, queen Elisabeth, Hooker, Saville, cardinal Alan, Bacon, and Raleigh, he proceeds thus. “ In verse there are Edmund Spenser's Hymnes , « I cannot advise the allowance of other his poems as for practick
English, no more than I can Jeffrey Chaucer, Lydgate, Pierce “ Plowman, or LAUREATE Skelton. It was laid as a fault “ to the charge of Salust, that he used some old outworn words « stoln out of Cato in his books de Originibus. And for an “ historian in our tongue to affect the like out of those our “ poets, would be accounted a foul oversight. — My judgement “ is nothing at all in poems or poesie, and therefore I dare not go
far; but will simply deliver my mind concerning those “ authors among us, whose English hath in my conceit most
propriety, and is nearest to the phrase of court, and to the “ speech used among the noble, and among the better fort in “ London : the two sovereign seats, and as it were parliament “ tribunals, to try the question in. Brave language are Chap“ man's Iliads. The works of Samuel Daniel containe somerent vnto all children committed to his Do teache unto philofophie
charge of education. Of whose memory, A perfit ready way: " if I should in such an oportunity as this So as nathles we carefull be “ is, be forgetful, &c." I will give a spe To auoyde all bawdie rimes, cimen of this little piece, which Mews at And wanton ieftes of poets vayne, least that he learned versification under his That teache them filthie crimes. master Hopkins. He is speaking of the Good stories from the Bible chargde, Latin tongue. (Signat. G. 4.)
And from some civill (tyle Whereto, as hath been fayde before,
As Quintus Curtius and such like, The Fables do inuite,
To reade them other while, &c.
Whereto agreeth rite
© The pieces mentioned in this extract
will be confidered in their proper places. Which, as it were by play,
o what aflat, but yet withal a very pure and copious English, “ and words as warrantable as any mans, and fitter perhaps for
prose than measure. Michael Drayton's Heroical Epistles are o well worth the reading also for the purpose of our subject, “ which is to furnish an English historian with choice and copy
tongue. Queen Elizabeth's verses, those which I « have seen and read, some exstant in the elegant, witty, and 66 artificial book of the ART OF ENGLISH POETRIE, the so work, as the fame is, of one of her gentlemen-pensioners,
Puttenham, are princely as her prose. Never must be forgotten " St. Peter's COMPLAINT, and those other serious.
poems “ said to be father Southwell's : the English whereof, as it is “ most proper, so the sharpness and light of wit is very rare “ in them. Noble Henry Constable was a great master in “ English tongue, nor had any gentleman of our nation a more 66
pure, quick, or higher delivery of conceit, witness among all
other that Sonnet of his before his Majesty's LEPANTO. I so have not seen much of fir Edward Dyer's poetry. Among " the lefser late poets, George Gascoigne’s Works may be en-« dured. But the best of these times, if Albion's England - be not preferred, for our business, is the MIRROUR OF · MAGISTRATEs, and in that MIRROUR, Sackvil's INDUC
TION, the work of Thomas afterward earl of Dorset and · lord treasurer of England : whose also the famous Tragedy
of GORDOBUC, was the best of that time, even in fir Philip
Sidney's judgement; and all skillful Englishmen cannot but - ascribe as much thereto, for his phrase and eloquence therein.
But before in age, if not also in noble, courtly, and lustrous English, is that of the Songes and Sonnettes of Henry Howard earl of Surrey, (son of that victorious prince, the duke of Norfolk, and father of that learned Howard his most lively image Henry earl of Northampton,) written chiefly by him, and by fir Thomas Wiat, not the dangerous commotioner, but his worthy father. Nevertheless, they who commend those poems and exercises of honourable wit, if they have