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Richmond, from the general plan of the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATES: more especially, as many of Shakespeare's ghosts there introduced, for instance, King Henry the sixth, Clarence, Rivers, Hastings, and Buckingham, are the personages of five of the legends belonging to this poem.


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Y way of recapitulating what has been faid, and in order

to give a connected and uniform view of the MIRROUR OF MAGISTRATes in its most complete and extended state, its original contents and additions, I will here detail the subjects of this poem as they stand in this last or Niccols's edition of 1610, with reference to two preceding editions, and some other incidental particularities.

Niccols's edition, after the Epistle Dedicatorie prefixed to Higgins's edition of 1587, an Advertisement To the Reader by Niccols, a Table of Contents, and Thomas Newton's recommendatory verses abovementioned, begins with an Induction called the Author's INDUCTION, written by Higgins, and properly belonging to his edition. Then follow these Lives.

Albanact youngest son of Brutus ‘. Humber king of the Huns. King Locrine eldest son of Brutus. Queen Elftride concubine of Locrine. Sabrina daughter of Locrine. King Madan. King Malin. King Mempric. King Bladud. Queen Cordelia. Morgan king of Albany. King Jago. Ferrex. Porrex. King Pinnar llain by Molucius Donwallo. King Stater. King Rudacke of Wales. King Kimarus. King Morindus. · King Emerianus. King Cherinnus. King Varianus. Irelanglas cousin to Caffibelane. Julius Cesar. Claudius Tiberius Nero. Caligula. King Guiderius. Lelius Hamo. Tiberius Drusus. Domitius Nero. Galba. Vitellius. Londric the Pict. Severus. Fulgentius a Pict. Geta. Caracalla. All these from Albanact, and in the

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same order, form the first part of Higgins's edition of the year 1587. But none of them are in Baldwyne's, or the first, collection, of the year 1559. And, as I presume, these lives are all written by Higgins. Then follow in Niccols's edition, Carausius, Queen Helena, Vortigern, Uther Pendragon, Cadwallader, Sigebert, Ebba, Egelred, Edric, and Harold, all written by Thomas Blener Hafset, and never before printed. We have next a new title “, “ The variable Fortune and vnhappie “ Falles of fvch princes as hath happened since the Conquest. “ Wherein may be seene, &c. At London, by Felix Kyngston. 1609.” Then, after an Epistle to the Reader, subscribed R. N. that is Richard Niccols, follow, Sackville's INDUCTION. Cavyll's Roger Mortimer. Ferrers's Tresilian. Ferrers's Thomas of Woodstock. Churchyard's Mowbray. Ferrers's King Richard the second. Phaer's Owen Glendour. Henry Percy. Baldwyne's Richard earl of Cambridge. Baldwyne’s Montague earl of Salisbury. Ferrers's Eleanor Cobham. Ferrers's Humfrey duke of Gloucester. Baldwyne's William De La Poole earl of Suffolk. Baldwyne's Jack Cade. Ferrers's Edmund duke of Somerset. Richard Plantagenet duke of York. Lord Clifford. Tiptoft earl of Worcester. Richard lord Warwick. King Henry the sixth. George Plantagenet duke of Clarence. Skelton's King Edward the fourth. Woodvile lord Rivers. Dolman's Lord Hastings. Sackville's Duke of Buckingham. Collingburne. Çavyll's Blacksmith. Higgins's Sir Nicholas Burdet. Churchyard's Jane Shore. Churchyard's Wolsey. Drayton's Lord Cromwell. All these“, Humfrey, Cobham, Burdet, Cromwell, and Wolsey, excepted, form the whole, but in a less chronological disposition, of Baldwyne's collection, or edition, of the year 1559, as we have seen above: from whence they were reprinted, with the addition of Humfrey, Cobham, Burdet, and Wolsey, by Higgins, in his edition aforesaid of 1587, and where Wolsey closes the work. Another title then appears in Niccols's

• Where they end at fol. 108. a.

. That is, from p. 250.

• After p. 250


edition", " A WINTER NIGHT's Vision. Being an Addition of “ sých Princes especially famovs, who were exempted in the for“ mer HISTORIE. By Richard Niccols, Oxon. Magd. Hal). At London, by Felix Kyngston, 1610." An Epistle to the Reader, and an elegant Sonnet to Lord Charles Howard lord High Admiral, both by Niccols, are prefixed. Then follows Niccols's INDUCTION to these new lives b. They are, King Arthur. Edmund Ironside. Prince Alfred. Godwin earl of Kent. Robert Curthose. King Richard the firft. King John. King Edward the second. The two Young Princes murthered in the Tower, and King Richard the third'. Our author, but with little propriety, has annexed “ ENGLAND'S ELIZA, or the victoriovs and trivm

phant reigne of that virgin empresse of sacred memorie Eli“ zabeth Queene of England, &c. At. London, by Felix Kyngston, 1610.” This is a title

This is a title page. Then follows a Sonnet to the virtuous Ladie the Lady Elisabeth Clere, wife to fir Francis Clere, and an Epistle to the Reader. A very poetical INDUCTION is prefixed to the Eliza, which contains the history of queen Elisabeth, then just dead, in the octave stanza. Niccols, however, has not entirely preserved the whole of the old collection, although he made large additions. He has omitted King James the first of Scotland, which appears in Baldwyne's edition of 1559", and in Higgins's of 1587'. He has also omitted, and probably for the same obvious reason, king James the fourth of Scotland, which we find in Higgins ". Nor

f After p. 547

g From the Sonnet it appears, that our author Niccols was on board Howard's thip the Arke, when Cadiz was taken. This was in 1596. See also pag. 861. stanz. iv.

• From pag. 555.
i Ending with pag. 769.
k At fol. xlii. b.

Fol. 137. b. m Fol. 253. a.

In Ulpian Fullwell's Flower of Fame, an old quarto book both in prose and verse, in praise of the reign of Henry the eighth, and printed by W. Hofkyns in 1575, is a tragic monologue, in


the octave stanza, of James the fourth of Scotland, and of his son. fol. 22. b. The whole title is, “ THE FLOWER OF FAME,

containing the bright renowne and most “ fortunate reigne of Henry viii. Wherein " is mention of matters by the rest of our

chronographers overpassed. Compyled .by Vlpian Fullwell.” Annexed is a panegyric of three of the fame Henry's noble and vertnous queenes. And “ The service “ done at Haddington in Scotland the “ feconde year of the reigne of king Ed. “ ward the fixt.” Bl. lett. Fullwell will occur hereafter in his proper place.



has Niccols retained the Battle of Flodden-field, which is in Higgins's edition". Niccols has also omitted Seagars's King Richard the Third, which first occurs in Baldwyne's edition of 1559', and afterwards in Higgins's of 1587o. But Niccols has written a new Legend on this subject, cited above, and one of the best of his additional lives. This edition by Niccols, printed by Felix Kyngston in 1610, I believe was never reprinted. It contains eight hundred and feventy-five pages.

The Mirrour of MAGISTRATes is obliquely ridiculed in bishop Hall's SATIRES, published in 1597.

Another, whose more heavie-hearted saint
Delights in nought but notes of ruefull plaint,
Urgeth his melting muse with solemn teares,
Rhyme of some drearie fates of LUCKLESS PEERS.
Then brings he up

some BRANDED WHINING GHOST To tell how old Misfortunes have him tost'. That it should have been the object even of an ingenious satirist, is so far from proving that it wanted either merit or popularity, that the contrary conclusion may be justly inferred. however, at length superseded by the growing reputation of a new poetical chronicle, entitled ALBION'S ENGLAND, published before the beginning of the reign of James the first. » Fol. 256. a.

May run for fencefull tollerable lines. o Fol. cxlvii. b.

What not mediocra firma from thy spight? p Fol. 230. b.

But muft thy enuious hungry fangs needs 9 Pag. 750.

light " B. i. Sat. v. duodecim. But in Cer On MAGISTRATES MIRROUR? Must thou TAINE SATYRES by John Marston, sub

needs detract joined to his PYGMALIONS IMAGE, an And true to worke his antient honors academical critic is abused for affecting to

wrack? censure this poem. Lond. 1598. Sat. iv. What shall not Roiamond, or Gauefton, This is undoubtedly our author Hall just Ope their sweet lips without detraction? quoted. [See Marston's ScovRGE OF VIL But muit our moderne Critticks enuious LANIB, printed 1599. Lib. iii. Sat, x.] Fond censurer! why fhould those Mirrors The two last pieces indeed do not properly seeme

belong to this collection, and are only on So vile to thee? which better iudgements the same plan. Rofamond is Daniel's Comdeeme

PLAINT OF ROSAMOND, and Gauefton is Exquisite chen, and in our polith'd times Drayton's monologue on that subject.


It was,

eye, &c.

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