« הקודםהמשך »
And bade him chuse what death he would defire : For death was due to him that had prouokt God's ire.
But when as none of them he sawe him take,
it him in hand: his hand did quake
At last, resolv'd to worke his finall smart
The three first books of the FAERIE QUEENE were published in 1590. Higgins's Legend of Cordelia in 1587..
At length the whole was digested anew with additions, in 1610, by Richard Niccols, an ingenious poet, of whom more will be said hereafter, under the following title. " A MIR
ROUR FOR MAGISTRATES', being a true Chronicle-history of ! the untimely falles of fuch unfortunate princes and men of note as • haue happened fince the firði entrance of Brute into this Iland
vntill this our age. NEWLY ENLARGED with a las part called a Winter Night's Vision being an addition of such Tragedies especially famous as are exempted in the former Historie, with a poem annexed called ENGLANDS ELIZA. At London, imprinted by Felix Kyngston, 1610 ?.”
1610 ?." Niccols arranged s edition thus. Higgins's INDUCTION is at the head of the ves from Brutus to the Conquest. Those from the conquest LORD Cromwell's legend written by Drayton and now
first added", are introduced by Sackville's INDUCTION. After this are placed such lives as had been before omitted, ten in number, written by Niccols himself, with an INDUCTION As it illustrates the history of this work, especially of Sackville's share in it, I will here insert a part of Niccols's preface prefixed to those TRAGEDIES which happened after the conquest, beginning with that of Robert Tresilian. “ Having hitherto « continued the storie from the first entrance of BRVTE into " this iland, with the Falles of svch PRINCES as were neuer “ before this time in one volume comprised, I now proceed " with the rest, which take their beginning from the Conquest: “ whose penmen being many and diuerse, all diuerlie affected “ in the method of this their MIRROUR, I purpose onlie to “ follow the intended scope of that most honorable personage, “ who by how much he did surpasse the rest in the eminence of “ his noble condition, by so much he hath exceeded them all in " the excellencie of his heroicall ftile, which with golden pen “ he hath limmed out to pofteritie in that worthic object of his « minde the TRAGEDIE OF THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM, “ and in his Preface then intituled MASTER SACKUILS “ INDUCTION. This worthy president of learning intended to " perfect all this storie of himselfe from the Conquest. Being “ called to a more serious expence of his time in the great state “ affaires of his most royall ladie and foueraigne, he left the
dispose therof to M. Baldwine, M. Ferrers, and others, the
compofers of these Tragedies: who continving their methode, “ which was by way of dialogue or interlocvtion betwixt euerie • Tragedie, gaue it onlie place before the dyke of Bvckingham's «• COMPLAINT. Which order I Gince hauing altered, haue “ placed the Induction in the beginninge, with euerie Tra“ gedie following according to svecession and ivft computation ** of time, which before was not obserued."
• Drayton wrote three other legends on this plan, Robert duke of Normandy, Ma · Fol. 253. Compare Baldwyne's Protilda, and Pierce Gaveston, of which I fhall logue at fol. cxiv, b. edit, 1559. ut fupr. speak more particularly under that writer,
b fol. 555•
In the Legend of king Richard the Third, Niccols appears to have copied some passages from Shakespeare's Tragedy on that history. In the opening of the play Richard says,
Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths,
capers nimbly in a lady's chamber To the lascivious pleasing of a lute,
hese lines evidently gave rise to part of Richard's soliloquy in Ciccols's Legend.
The battels fought in field before
God Mars laid by his Launce and tooke his Lute,
of the tent-scene in Shakefpeare is also imitated by Niccols. iard, starting from his horrid dream, says,
C Am i. Sc. i.
d Pag. 7534
Methought the fouls of all that I had murder'd
I thought that all those murthered ghosts, whom I
But some of the stanzas immediately following, which are formed on Shakespeare's ideas, yet with some original imagination, will give the reader the most favourable idea of Niccols as a contributor to this work,
For loe, eftsoones, a thousand hellish hags,
Tormented in such trance long did I lie,
Alone within my tente I durft not stay,
About mine eares a buzzing feare still flew,
Thus with my guiltie soules sad torture torne
If internal evidence was not a proof, we are sure from other idences that Shakespeare's tragedy preceded Niccols's legend. he tragedy was written about 1597. Niccols, at eighteen ars of age, was admitted into Magdalene college in Oxford,
the year 1602". It is easy to point out other marks of itation. Shakespeare has taken nothing from Seagars's Rird the third, printed in Baldwine's collection, or first edition, che
year 1559. Shakespeare, however, probably catched the of the royal shades, in the same scene of the tragedy beus, appearing in succession and speaking to Richard and
Magdalene Hall, where he was graduated in Arts, 1606. Ibid,