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into the mayden's tower',
The stately feates, the ladies bright of hewe,
The palme-play', where, dispoyled for the game',
The gravell grounde', with seves tied on the helme 5,
The secret groves, which ofte we made resounde
y Swift's joke about the Maids of ho. Hearne, not attending to this etymology, nour being lodged at Windsor in the round absurdly supposes, in one of his Prefaces, tower, in queen Anne's time, is too well that a strong bastion in the old walls of known and too indelicate to be repeated the city of Oxford, called the Maidenhere. But in the present instance, Surrey TOWER, was a prison for confining the speaks loosely and poetically in making prostitutes of the town. the MAIDEN-TOWER, the true reading, Pity. the residence of the women. The maiden a At ball. tower was common in other castles, and • Rendered unfit, or unable, to play. means the principal tower, of the greatest
s Dazzled eyes. strength and defence. Maiden is a cor To tempt, to catch. ruption of the old French Magne, or Mayne, • The ladies were ranged on the leads, great. Thus Maidenhead (properly May or battlements, of the castle to see the denhithe) in Berkshire, signifies the great play. port or wharf on the river Thames. So also, * The ground, or area, wis strown with Mayden-Bradley in Wilshire is the great gravel, where they were trained in chi. Bradley. The old Roman camp near Dor. valry. chester in Dorsetshire, a noble work, is 8 At tournaments they fixed the sleeves called Maiden castle, the capital fortress in of their mistresses on some part of their those parts. We have Maiden-down in armour. Somertsetshire with the fame fignification. A Looks. A thousand other inftances might be given,
Recording ofte what grace * ech one had founde,
The wilde forest, the clothed holtes with grene,
The wide vales eke, that harbourd us ech night,
The secret thoughtes imparted with such trust;
Wherewith we past the winter night away. k Favour with his mistress.
for lowering the bonnet, or pulling off the 1 Or, Success.
hat. The word occurs in Chaucer, TR. m The holtes, or thick woods, clothed Cress. iii. 627. in green. So in another place he says,
That such a raine from heaven gan A• My specled cheeks with Cupid's hue.
And in the fourth book of his Boethius, That is, “ Cheeks speckled with, &c." “ The light fire ariseth into height, and
With loosened reins. So, in his fourth “ the hevie yerthes AVAILEN by their Aeneid, the feet is “ ready to avale." “ weightes.” pag. 394. col. 2. edit. Urr. That is, to loosen from shore. So again, in From the French verb AVALER, which is Spenser's FEBRUARIE.
from their adverb AVAL, downward. See
also Hearne's Gloss. Rob. BR, p. 524 They wont in the wind wagge their wriggle tayles
Drayton uses this word, where perhaps it Pearke as a peacocke, but now it
is not properly understood. Ecl. iv. p.
1404. edit. 1753. AVAYLES. “ Avayle their tayles," to drop or lower.
With that, she gan to vale her head, So also in his DECEMBER,
Her chceks were like the roses red,
But not a word she said, &c. By that the welked Phebus
gan AVAYLE His wearie waine.
That is, she did not veil, or cover, but
valed, held down cr head for shame. And in the Faerie Queene, with the true » Probably the true reading is wales or spelling, i, 1. 21. Of Nilus.
walls. That is, lodgings, apartments, &c, But when his latter ebbe gins to AVALE.
These poems were very corruptly printed
by Tottel. TO VALE, or avale, tbe bonnet, was a phrase
And with this thought the bloud forsakes the face
so O place of blisse, renewer of
Eccho, alas, that doth my sorrow rew',
In the poet's situation, nothing can be more natural and striking than the reflection with which he opens his complaint. There is also much beauty in the abruptness of his exordial exclamation. The superb palace, where he had passed the most pleasing days of his youth with the son of a king, was now converted into a tedious and solitary prison ! This unexpected vicisfitude of fortune awakens a new and interesting train of thought. The comparison of his past and present circumstances recals their juvenile sports and amusements ; which were more to be regretted, as young Richmond was now dead. Having described some of these with great elegance, he recurs to his first idea by a beautiful apostrophe. He appeals to the place of his confinement, once the source of his highest pleasures : “ O place of “ bliss, renewer of my woes! And where is now my noble “ friend, my companion is these delights, who was once your
so inhabitant ! Echo alone either pities or answers my question, “ and returns a plaintive hollow sound !” He closes his complaint with an affecting and pathetic sentiment, much in the style of Petrarch.
- To banish the miseries of my present “ distress, I am forced on the wretched expedient of remem“ bering a greater !” This is the confolation of a warm fancy. It is the philosophy of poetry.
Some of the following stanzas, on a lover who presumed to compare his lady with the divine Geraldine, have almost the ease and gallantry of Waller. The leading compliment, which has been used by later writers, is in the spirit of an Italian fiction. It is very ingenious, and liandled with a high degree of elegance.
Give place, ye Lovers, here before
And therto hath a troth as just
I could reherse, if that I would,
I knowe, she swore with ragyng minde,
The versification of these stanzas is correct, the language polished, and the modulation musical. The following stanza, of another ode, will hardly be believed to have been produced in the reign of Henry the eighth.
Spite drave me into Boreas raigne',
In an Elegy on the elder fir Thomas Wyat's death, his character is delineated in the following nervous and manly quatraines.
A visage, fterne and mylde ; where both did growe,
A toung that serv'd in forein realmes his king,
An eye, whose judgement none affect? could blind,