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Thus thai made the maryage
Amang al the riche barnage" :
Thai made ful mekyl mirth that day,
Ful grete festes on gude aray ;
Grete mirthes made thai in that stede,
And al forgetyn es now the dede
Of him that was thair lord fre ;
Thai say that this es worth (wilk thre.
And that thai lufed him mekil more
Than him that lord was thare byfore.
The bridal' fat, for soth to tell,
Till king Arthur come to the well

a Baronage.
e Death.

f Bridal is Saxon for the nuptial feast. Soin Davie's Geste OF ALEXANDER. MS. fol. 41. penes me.

He wist nouzt of this BRIDALE,

Ne no man tolde him the tale. In GAMELYN, or the Coke's. Tale, v. 1 267. At every BRIDALE he would fing and hop. Spenser, Faerie Qu. B. v. C. ii. st. 3.

Where and when the BRIDALE cheare

Should be solemnised. And, vi. x. 13•

Theseus her unto his BRIDALE bore. See also Spenser's PROTHALAMION. The word has been applied adjectively, for CONNUBIAL. Perhaps Milton remembered or retained its original use in the following paffage of SAMSON AGONISTES, ver. 1196.

And in your city held my nuptial feaft:
But your ill-meaning politician lords,
Under pretence of BRIDAL friends and

guests, Appointed to await me thirty spies. “ Under pretence of friends and guests “ invited to the BRIDAL.” But in PARApise Lost, he speaks of the evening far

haftening to light the BRIDAL LAMP, which in another part of the same poem he calls the NUPTIAL TORCH. viii. 520.xi. 590. I presume this Saxon BRIDALE is Bride- Ale, the Feast in honour of the bride or marriage. Ale, simply put, is the feast or the merry-making, as in PIERCE PLOWMAN, fol. xxxii. b. edit. 1550. 4to. And then satten Tome and longe at the

ALE [nale. ] Again, fol. xxvi. b. I am occupied everie daye, holye daye

and other, With idle tales at the Ale, and other

while in churches. So Chaucer of his FREERI, Urr. p. 87. v, 85

And they were only glad to fill his purse,

And maden him grete feftis at the NALE. Nale is Ale, They feafted him, or en“ tertained him, with particular respect, " at the parish-feast, &c." Agin, Plow. MAN's Tale, p. 125. V. 2110.

At the Wrestling, and at the Wake,

And the chief chaunters at the NALE. See more instances supr. vol. i. 60. That Ale is festival, appcars from its sense in compofition; as, among others, in the wonis Leet-ale, Lamb-ale, Whitson-ale, Clerk


With al his knyghtes ever ilkane,
Byhind leved thar noght ane 8,
The king kest water on the stane,
The storme rase ful fone onane
With wikked weders, kene and calde,
Als it was byfore hand talde.

ale, and Church-ale. Leer-ALE, in some 148. f. 97. See also our CHURCH-CAparts of England, fignifies the Dinner at a NONS, given in 1603. CAN. 88. The apcourt-leet of a manor for the jury and cus plication of what is here collected to the tomary tenants. LAMB-ALE is still used word BRIDALE, is obvious. But Mr. Alle at the village of Kirtlington in Oxford thire, has a curious record, about 1575, which for an annual feast or celebrity at lamb proves the BRIDE-ALe synonimous with the shearing. WhitSON-ALE, is the common WeddyN.ALE. During the course of queen name in the midland counties, for the ru Elisabeth's entertainments at Kenilworth. ral sports and feasting at Whitfontide, castle, in 1575, a BRYDE-ALE was celeCLERK-ALE occurs in Aubrey's manu brated with a great variety of fhews and script History of Wiltshire. " In the sports. Laneham's LETTER, dated the “ Easter holidays was the CLARKES-ALE, same year. fol. xxvi. seq. What was the for his private benefit and the solace of nature of the merriment of the CHURCH. “ the neighbourhood.” MSS. Muf. Ashm. ALE, we learn from the WITCHES-SONG Oxon. CHURCH-ALE, was a feast efta. in Jonson's MASQUE OF QUEENS at blished for the repair of the church, or in Whitehall in 1609, where one of the honour of the church-saint, &c. In Dodr Witches boasts to have killed and stole the worth's Manuscripts, there is an old in fat of an infant, begotten by a piper at denture, made before the Reformation, a CHURCH-ALE. S. 6. which not only thews the design of the Among bishop Tanner's manuscript adChurch-ale, but explains this particular ditions to Cowell's Law-Glossary in the use and application of the word Ale. The Bodleian library, is the following Note, parishioners of Elveston and Okebrook, from his own Collections. (Lit. V.]"A.D. in Derbyshire, agree jointly, “ to brew “1468. Prior Cant. et Commiffarii visita“ four Ales, and every Ale of one quar.

“ tionem fecerunt (diocesi Cant. vacante “ ter of malt, betwixt this and the fealt of per mortem archiepiscopi) et ibi publi. “ saint John Baptist next coming. And catum erat, quod Potationes factæ in ec. “ that every inhabitant of the said town clefiis, vulgariter dictæ YEVEALYS, or of Okebrook shall be at the several “ vel BREDEALYS, non effent ulterius in “ Ales. And every husband and his wife “ usu sub pæna excommunicationis majo“ shall pay two pence, every cottager one

penny, and all the inhabitants of El. Had the learned author of the Differta« veston shall have and receive all the pro tion on BARLEY WINE been as well ac“ fits and advantages coming of the said quainted with the British as the Grecian ALES, to the use and behoof of the said literature, this long note would perhaps • church of Elveston. And the inhabi. have been unnecessary.

& One. “tants of Elveston shall brew eight ALES b Wicked is here, accursed. In which “ betwixt this and the feast of faint John sense it is used by Shakespeare's Caliban,

Baptist, at the which Ales the inhabi. TEMP. Ac i. Sc. ii. “ tants of Okebrook shall come and pay as before reherfed. And if he be away

As Wicked dew as e'er my mother brush'd

With raven's feather, &c. at one ALB, to pay at the toder ALE “ for both, &c.” MSS. Bibl. Bodl. vol. a Give-ales, or gift-ales,

b Bride-ales, R 2


“ ris."

The king and his men ilkane
Wend tharwith to have bene slane,
So blew it store with slete and rayne :
And hastily gan fyr Ywayne",
Dight him graythly'in his gere,
With nobil shelde, and strong spere :
When he was dight in seker wede,
Than he umstrade in a nobil stede :
Him thoght that he was als lyght
Als a fowl es to the flyght.
Unto the Well fast wendes he,
And sone when thai myght him se,
Syr Kay, for he wald noght fayle,
Smertly askes the batayle.
And alsone than said the kyng,
Sir Kay, I grante thine alkyng.

Sir Ywaine is victorious, who discovers himself to king Arthur after the battle.

And sone fir Ywayne gan him tell
Of al his fare how it byfell,
With the knight how that he sped,
And how he had the Lady wed ;
And how the Mayden him helped well :
Thus talde he to hym ilka dele.
Syr kyng, he fayd, I zow byfeke,
And al zowr menze milde and meke,
That ze wald grante to me that grace,
At wend with me to my purchase,
And se my Kastle and my Towre,
Than myght ze do me grete honowre.


Strong k To defend the fountain, the office of the lord of this castle,

1 Readily. m Beitrode. · To.


The kyng granted him ful right
To dwel with him a fouretenyght.
Sir Ywayne thanked him oft lith",
The knyghtes war al glad and blyth,
With Gir Ywayne for to wend :
And fone a squier has he send
Unto the kastel, the


And warned the Lady of thair come,
And that his Lord come with the kyng.
And when the Lady herd this thing,
It es no lifand man with mowth
That half hir cumforth tel kowth.
Hastily that Lady hende
Cumand al her men to wende,
And dight tham in thair best aray,
To kepe the king that ilk day :
Thai keped him in riche wede
Rydeand on many a nobil stede ;
Thai hailsed him ful curtaylly,
And also al his cumpany :
Thai said he was worthy to dowt”,
That fo fele folk led obowt':
Thar was grete joy, I zow bihete',
With clothes spered ' in ilka strete,
And damysels danceand ful wele,
With trumpes, pipes, and with fristele :
The Castel and the Cetee rang
With mynstralsi and nobil fang.
Thai ordand tham i1kane in fere
To kepe the king on faire manere.
The Lady went withowten towne,
And with her

many balde barowne, • Oft-times.

• So large a train of knights. • Waited on. See Tyrwh, Gr. Cho

• Promise you. Saluted.

! Tapestry spread on the walls. 9 To fear,


Cled in


ermyne, ,
With girdels al of golde ful fyne.
The Lady made ful meri chere,
Sho was al dight with drewries . dere ;
Abowt hir was ful mekyl thrang,
The puple cried and sayd omang,
Welcum ertou, kyng Arthoure,
Of al this werld thou beres the floure!
Lord kyng of all kynges,
And blissed be he that the brynges !
When the Lady the Kyng saw,
Unto him fast


sho draw,
To hald his sterap whils he lyght;
Bot sone when he of hir had lyght,
With mekyl mirth thai samen' met,
With hende wordes sho him gret;
A thousand fithes welkum sho says,
And so es syr Gawayne the curtayse.
The king said, Lady white so flowr,
God gif ye joy and mekyl honowr,
For thou ert fayr with body gent :
With that he hir in armes hent,
And ful fayre he gan her falde ";
Thar was many to bihalde :
Et es no man with tong may

The mirth that was tham omell;
Of maidens was thar so gude wane",

That ilka knight myght take ane.
The king stays here eight days, entertained with various sports.

And ilk day thai had folace fere

Of huntyng, and als of revere': • Gallantries. Jewels, Davie fays, that MS. p. 86. Athens is called the Drywery in one of Alexander's battles, many a lady of the world, ibid. loft her drewery. GESTE ALEXANDER, Together,

w Fold. * Allembly. Hawking River,


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