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The mayden redies hir ful rath ",
Bilive lhe gert fyr Ywayne bath“,
And clad hym seym in gude scarlet,
Fororde' wel, and with gold fret';
A girdel ful riche for the nones,

perry and of precious stones. Sho talde him al how he fold do Whan that he come the lady to.

Early. Soon.
* Made him bathe immediately.
y Furrured. Furred.

z In another part of this romance, a knight is dressed by a lady.

A damisel come unto me,
Lufsumer lifed a never in land ;
Hendly schotoke me by the hand,
And sone that gentyl creature
Al unlaced myne armure ;
Into a chamber scho me led,
And with a mantel scho me cled,
It was of purpur fayr and fine,
And the pane of riche ermine:
Al the folk war went us fra“,
And thare was none than bot we twae;
Scho served me hendely to hend,
Her maners might no man amend,

scho was trew and renablef, And of her femblant & soft and stabile; Ful fain I wald", if that I might, Have woned i with that swete wight.

In Morte ARTHUR, fir Launcelot going into a nunnery is unarmed in the abbess's chamber. B. xiii. ch. i. In Morte ARTHUR, fix Galahad is disarmed, and cloathed " in a cote of red sendall and a “ mantell furred with fyne ERMYNES, &c.B. xiii, ch. i. In the British LAY or romance, of LAUNVAL (MSS. Cott. VesPAS. B. 14. 1.) we have,

Un cher mantel de BLANCHE ÉRMINE,
Couvert de

purpre Alexandrine. There is a statute, made in 1337, prohi.

biting any under 100l. per annum, to wear fur. I suppose the richest fur was Ermine; which, before the manufactures of gold and filver, was the greatest article of finery in dress. But it continued in use long after. wards, as appears by antient portraits. In the Statutes of Cardinal Wolsey's College at Oxford, given in the year 1525, the ftudents are enjoned, “Ne magis pretiosis

aut sumptuofis utantur pellIBUS.” De Vestitu, &c. fol. 49. MSS. Cott. Tit. F. iii. This injunction is a proof that rich furs were at that time a luxury of the secular life. In an old poem written in the reign of Henry the fixth, about 1436, entitled the ENGLISH POlicie, exhorting all England to keepe the sea, a curious and valuable record of the state of our traffick and mercantile navigation at that period, it appears that our trade with Ireland, for furs only, was then very considerable. Speaking of Ireland, the writer says,

- Martens goode been her marchandie,
Hertes hides, and other of venerie,
Skinnes of otter, squirrell, and Irish hare;
Of sheepe, lambe, and foxe, is her chaf.

fare. See Hacklvyt's Volages, Vol. i. p. 199. edit. 1598.

At the facking of a town in Normandy, Froissart says, " There was founde so “ moche rycheffe, that the boyes and vyl.

laynes of the hoofte sette nothynge by goode FURRED gownes,” Berners's Transl. tom. i. fol. lx. a.

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2 Lovelier lived. b Courteously the. ¢ Border,

e Two. f Reasonable. & Look. o Would.


i Lodged,


He is conducted to her chamber.

Bot zit fir Ywayne had grete drede,
Whan he unto chamber zede

; The chamber, flore, and als the bed, With klothes of gold was al over spread ..

· In the manners of romance, it was not any indelicacy for a lady to pay amorous courtship to a knight. Thus in Davie's Geste of ALEXANDER, written in 1312, queen Candace openly endeavours to win Alexander to her love. MS. penes me, p. 271. [Cod. Hospit.Linc. 150.) She shews Alexander, not only her palace, but her bed-chamber,

Quoth the quene, Go we now myn efteris to seone? : Oure mete fchol, thar bytweone 6, Ygraithed and redy beone Scheo o ladde him to an halle of nobleys, 'Then he dude of his harneys' ; Of Troye was ther men 8 the storyeh How Gregoys i had the victorye : Theo bemes ther weore k of bras, Theo wyndowes weoren of riche glas!: Theo pinnes “ weore of ivorye. The king went with the ladye, Himself alone, from bour to bour, And syze a much riche tresour, Gold and feolver, and preciouse stones, Baudekyns made for the nones P,

Mantellis, robes, and pavelounes 9,
Of golde and feolver riche foysounes';
And heo ' him asked, par amour,
Zef he syze ever suche a tresour.
And he said, in his contray
Trefour he wiftes of grete noblay.
Heot thozte more that heo faide.
To anothir ftude theo he gan him ledes,
That hir owne chambre was,
In al this world richer none nas.
Theo atyr was therein so riche
In al thys world nys him non lyche *.
Heo ladde him to a stage,
And him schewed one ymage,
And faide, Alexander leif thou mey,
This ymage is made after the ? ;
Y dude hit in ymagoure ,
And cafte hit after thy vigoure";
This othir zeir, cho thou nolde
To me come for love ne for golde,
Het is the ylyche, leove brother,

faucon' is anothir.
O Alifaunder, of grete renoun,
Thou taken art in my prisoun !
Al thy streynthe helpethe the nowzt,
For womman the haveth bycowzt 5,

. To see my apartments.
b Our dinner shall, meanwhile,
< Prepared.

e She.
f Put off his armour.

& For aber men, read therein, as MS, LAUD, I. 74. Bibl. Bodl.

b The story of Troy was in the tapestry, or painted on the walls of the hall,

i Creeks, k The rafters were. | Painted glass. m Of the wiodowe, * Saw. • Rich clothes.

p That is for the occasion. So the painting or tapestry, before mentioned, representing the Greeks pictorious, was in compliment to Alexander,

4 Pavilions. i Stores. r She. · Knew, t She, u Stede. Lodging: w The furniture. * None like it. y Believe, 2 Them. a Imagery. b Figure. c Wouldeft not.

Like. • Dear Brother, or Friend.

As onc faulcon. In MSS, LAUD. I. 174. ut fupr. it is peny, for faulcon.

s Catched.


After this interview, she is reconciled to him, as he only in self-defence had flain her husband, and the promises him marriage.

Than hastily sho went to Hall,
Thar abode her barons all,
For to hald thair parlement ,
And mario her by thair asento

They agree to the marriage.

Than the lady went ogayne
Unto chamber to Ywayne ;
Sir, sho said, so God me save,
Other lord will I nane have :
If I the left ' I did noght right,
A king son, and a noble knyght.
Now has the maiden done hir thoght ,
Syr Ywayne out of anger broght.
The Lady led him unto Hall,
Ogains' him rose the barons all,
And at thai said ful sekerly,
This Knight fal wed the Lady :
And ilkane said thamself: bitwene,
So fayr a man had thai noght sene,
For his bewte in hal and bowr:
Him semes to be an emperowr.

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We walde that thai war trowth plight,
And weded sone this ilk nyght.
The lady set hir on the dese",
And cumand al to hald thair pese';
And bad hir steward sum what say,
Ork men went fra cowrt away.
The steward said, Sirs, understandes,
Wor' is waxen in this landes ;
The king Arthur is redy dight
To be here by this fowre tenyght:
He and his menze" ha thoght
To win this land if thai moght:
Thai wateful wele, that he is ded
That was lorde here in this stede P:
None es so wight wapins ? to welde,
Ne that so boldly mai us belde,
And wemen may maintene no stowr',
Thai most nedes have a governowr:
Tharfor mi lady most nede
Be weded hastily for drede',
And to na lord wil sho take tent',
Bot if it be by zowr affent.
Than the lordes al on raw
Held them wele payd of this faw".

Deis. The high-table. In the Geste OF ALEXANDER we have the phrase of holding the deis, MS. ut fupr.p. 45.

There was gynnyng a new feste,
And of gleomen many a gelte,
King Philip was in mal ese,

Alifaundre HELD THE DESE.
i Peace.
k Ere.
1 War.
* Growing.

» Knights.
o Know.
P Mansion. Caftie.
4 A&tive to wield weapons.

8 Fear.
t Attention.
1 On a row.

w Opinion. Word. It is of extensive fignification, EMARE, MS. ut fupr.

I have herd minstrelles syng in saw.


Al afsented hyr untill".
To tak a lord at hyr own wyll.
Than said the lady onone right,
How hald ze zow payd of this knight?
He profers hym on al wyse
To myne honor and my servyse,
And fertes, sirs, the foth to say,
I saw him never, er this day ;
Bot talde unto me has it benc
He es the kyng fon Uriene :
He es cumen of high parage',
And wonder doghty of vafsalage ”,
War and wise, and ful curtayse,
He zernes ' me to wife alwayse ;
And nere the lese, I wate, he might
Have wele better, and so war right.
With a voice halely thai sayd,
Madame, ful wele we hald us payd :
Bot hastes fast al that ze may,
That ze war wedded this ilk day :
And grete prayer gan thai make
On alwise, that sho fuld hym take.
Sone unto the kirk thai went,
And war wedded in thair present ;
Thar wedded Ywain in plevyne ©
The riche lady ALUNDYNE,
The dukes doghter of Landuit,
Els had hyr lande bene destruyt.

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