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thing is not done effectually to con- the End of Change, and the Revince the Irish nation of their real demption of the Body. interests, both temporal and spiri- These Discourses abound in tual, a day will come which will most important instruction, delibe marked with the most appalling vered in plain and intelligible lanand distressing events. For our guage. We were rather disapown parts, we are free to confess, pointed at not meeting with any dethat amidst all the urgent claims for finition or description of the Gospel relief, and assistance, and un- in the second Sermon, though the wearied exertion, none appears to author has well pointed out that us so strong as the claim of Ire- distinguishing feature of the Chrisland; and we therefore call upon tian system, its being preached all our readers to exert themselves to the poor; all other systems to the utmost, and above all, to having been, generally speaking, strive earnestly with God in prayer calculated for the higher classes of on behalf of that delightful but society. distracted land.
The Sermon on Winter is so ap
propriate to the present season, The Village Lecturer, a Series of that we insert the following extract, original Discourses, adapted for both as a specimen of the author's Village Congregations and Fa- style, and as affording instructive milies. Pp. viii. and 232. suggestions. Ogle, 1822.
We may learn from this Eleven Village Sermons on the I. That the weather is God's: it is “ his
chief Articles of Faith, and the cold.” How much atheism there is iu the Means of Grace. By the Rev. heart of man, is too plain from our comEdward Berens, M. A.-Pp. mean,---good weather, bad weather, shock
mon language. What do those expressions 206. 1822.
ing weather,-good luck and bad luck ? The present age is unquestion. Do not they, at least or the most part, ably distinguished by the numerous imply an utter forgetfulness of God, if attempts which are made to benefit not a murmuring against his providence, as the lower classes of the commu
though it left these things to what we call
chance ? Is it not taking a strange liberty nity.
We have been especially with the Divine government, to sit in struck with the various productions judgment, as it were, upon any of the of a religious and moral nature appointments of his providence? And the which, in almost every conceivable weather, whatever we may think of it, is shape, are continually issuing from
one of the Divine appointments.
causeth it to come, whether for correction the press, peculiarly calculated for cau.
on the land, or in mercy.” So that these their instruction.
things not only are brought about by the We notice these volumes toge power of God, but are governed by the ther, because they are expressly wisdom of God: they take place according written for that large class of our
to his designs, whether for correction or in readers who reside in villages. mercy. If it were not so, there would be
no meaning in our prayers for suitable Each of them contains much that is valuable; though the former merits II. That it is of the Lord's mercies that a far higher degree of approbation we are not consumed. It is owing to the than the latter.
constant superintendence of Divine Provi
dence, that the course of the seasons is The Village Lecturer contains
undisturbed; that the elements keep their thirteen Sermons, on Death-the bounds; that the sun does not smite us Gospel preached to the Poor- by day, or the frost by night. It is be who Winter-Sacrilege—the Advent of says to the sea, “ Hitherto shalt thou come Christ—the Christian's
Adversary and no further, and here shall thy proud
waves be stayed.” (Job, xxxviii. 11.) -the Difficulty of Salvation
“Thou hast set a bound," says the Psalmist, Faith—God grieved by Sin_the
“ that they may not pass over, that they great Harvest--the End of Time,
turn not again to cover the earth,” And
it is he who says to the wind also, Hitherto the first and best of their flock, they thought shalt thou come; whó “ maketh the storm that any thing was good enough for sacria calm ” (Psal. crii, 29); who " rebuketh fice, and were for putting off the worst the winds and the sea (Matt. viii. 26); upon God. (See ch. i. ver. 7, 8, 13, 14.) and who sets hounds to the cold. For who Human nature is the same in every age. could stand before his cold? -We read in Is not this the very conduct of those perJudges, v. 20, that “ the stars in their sons who, if they profess to serve or worcourses fought against Sisera;” and when ship God at all, put biin off with the refuse Bonaparte inraded Russia, the heavens in of their time, that which they know not like manner fought against him. His what else to do with-with the meanest overthrow there was not the work of man, pittance of their substance, a shilling or a hut of God, who employed the frost and sixpence to God's cause now and then-or the snow as bis dreadful artillery; and then with the dross of their existence, thinking it was seen indeed, that nothing could stand the last few years or days of life, in sickness before God's cold. Out of three hundred or old age, when all the faculties are weakthousand men, who composed the French ened, time enough to offer to God? Is army when Bonaparte entered Russia, only not this to offer the blind and the lame for à few thousand returned. The greater part sacrifice ? Some who have done nothing fell not in battle, but whole troops, horses for God all their life, when they come to and all, fell benumbed and stupified by the die, offer him their money, which they cold, and perished in the snow.
would never part with while they could III. That the anger of God must be ter- make any use of it themselves; and think, rible. “ Who," says the Psalmist,“ know- by leaving legacies to this or the other eth the power of thine anger? All that charity, to purchase admission to hearen. we see, or suffer, or hear of in this world, But whose money are they offering? It is that is most terrible in the visitations of his no longer their own : it belongs to their power-floods, or storns, or earthquakes heirs. -these convey but a hint, as it were, a 'God demands a portion of our time as faint emblein of the dreadful nature of the bis own. “ Remember the Sabbath-day, wrath of God. O if sinners did but believe to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour and consider this, who are going on in sin, and do all thy work; but the seventh day not only under his eye, but with his terrors is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God.” In suspended over them, with the elements of the New Testament, the first day of the his vengeance, as it were, chained up week, on which our Lord rose from the around them! “ If thou, Lord, shouldst dead, and which is the Christian Sabbath, mark iniquity, O Lord, who could stand ?” is called “the Lord's Day." Now, it is a
IV. That God in his works, not less common saying, when a servant or workthan in his ways, is unsearchable.
man is seen idling away his time, that he V. Lastly, the greatness and almighty is robbing his master. His time, for wbich power of God should teach us to magnify he is paid, is not his own, but his master's; the riches of his condescension.- Pp. 38– and in wasting it, therefore, he is robbing 45.
his master. For all wilful waste is robbery. The Sermon on Sacrilege is from How truly may it be said of the sabbathMal. iii. 6. The term sacrilege is breaker, that, besides robbing his own
soul, he is stealing God's time, and so commonly used among us in a nar- robbing bis heavenly Master! For what is row and limited sense, and many he doing but making a dishonest use of would be indignant at the charge of God's day of holy rest? How comes he to so atrocious a crime. When, how- bare that day of leisure to be set at liberever, remarks like the following
ty from worldly employments one day in
seven? Is it by man's law merely? Did are seriously contemplated, O how this merciful appointment originate with few can say, I am free!
man? No, it is the appointment of God. Let us inquire against whom this charge He owes this very leisure which he abuses may be brought. Wherein are men guilty for the purpose of sinful pleasure, to the of robbing their Maker ?
very commandment which he thus sets at We answer with the Prophet, “ In tithes nought. And why did God appoint a saband in offerings.” Now, these Jews did batb, but that it might be kept holy, and not, we find, wholly neglect to offer up
that those who are oceupied on the other the tithes and sacrifices which the law of six days with providing for their bodily Moses commanded. Nay, in some things wants, might, on the seventh, attend they were superstitiously or hypocritically
more especially to the wants of their souls? precise and minute, such as in paying a
My time is my own on the Sunday,” say tithe of mint and other herbs which cost
they. No, it is less your own on that day little or nothing. But, instead of offering than on any other: it is the sabbath of the
Lord your God. It is God's time, with own works, either past or future. which he has intrusted you for holy and So many attempts have in various merciful purposes: that you should on that day think of Him, and seek his face, and ways been made to induce perread his word, and attend on the means of
sons to depend on their future obegrace, and so keep it holy. In abusing dience, instead of the sacrifice of this trust by wasting the day in idleness Jesus Christ;-to unite a reliance or sinful pleasure, you are guilty of sa- on their own merits with a dependcrilege, that is, of robbing God.-Pp. 53.
ence on those of the Saviour, and It were easy to multiply import- thus practically to reject the only ant and interesting extracts; but foundation; that we cannot refrain we trust these specimens will in- from expressing some jealousy on duce many to procure the work so important a topic. for themselves, which will well repay their careful perusal.
Mr. Berens's volume exhibits Abaddon the Destroyer, or the clear views on various topics. The Progress of Infidelity. No. I. importance of religion, the evil of Knight. 1823. sin, the necessity of an atonement, We agree with the writer of this the fruits and effects of living faith, tract, that fine and imprisonment &c. are ably stated and illustrated. are found insufficient to restrain There are, however, some subjects the sale of vile publications; but which the writer treats in a way we instead of recommending a repeal cannot wholly approve. His defi- of the existing laws, we earnestly nition of faith is by no means clear. hope, that the Legislature may be He insists on the necessity of be- induced to revise and amend them, lieving the great and important and increase their powers. We doctrine, that when we were in a are not disposed, as the writer lost and ruined state, the eternal seems to be, to believe all those Son of God died upon the cross statements which Messrs. Carlile to save us; and he states that the and Co. have published concerning mean by which salvation“ is their vast success; we know whose applied to our
children these infidels
and we are taught by the Scriptures, we suspect they resemble their first and from the authority of the parent. Nor are we sure, that an Scriptures by our church, is faith. Anti-infidel Society, or a series In other words, it is by faith, of sermons in defence of revealed by a firm belief in these truths religion, can effect much. Infidels -a belief which disposes us to seldom hear sermons; and so long keep God's commandments, that as those tracts which are written our souls reap the benefit of Christ's in defence of religion abound with death
upon the cross.” This state- quotations from the infidel writers, ment is liable to be mistaken. The they are more likely, to do harm faith by which we are interested in than good. On this ground espethe merits of Jesus Christ is, indeed, cially we object to the pamphlet proved to be true and living by before us. We think it not safe the production of good works, but to put such statements into the it is also distinguished by impar- hands of the young and the ignotially receiving all the promises rant. At the same time we must and declarations of God's word; remark, that it is a great farce to it is a faith of dependence and re- talk of persecution for religious liance the merits of Jesus Christ opinion, in cases where the evident as the only ground of acceptance object is to overturn and destroy with God; and it leads those who ali religion. Intimations of this possess it habitually, to renounce all nature assist that cause which the" expectations on the ground of their writers evidently desire to oppose.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. This Society's annual volame has just in money with which they might procure reached us; and, as far as we have been them from the whalers : as this demand able to examine its contents, we feel highly could not be complied with, all left work interested and gratified. The Report and except two; and it became necessary to nincteen Appendices occupy about three teach new hands. One of the settlers hundred and fifty pages. It is, therefore, writes, in Octoberutterly impossible that we should commu- “For many wonths previous to Shunnicate to our readers any thing like a de- ghee's return, they did not request any tailed account. The intelligence from such thing; but since that time, he having Africa, Calcutta, Agra, Tranquebar, Tin- brought out a number of fire-arms with navelly, Travancore, Ceylon, and espe- bim, the natives, one and all, bare treated cially from the Syrian College and Schools us with contempt: they were almost past at Cotym, excite the most pleasing antici- bearing with—coming into our bouses pations. Some fruits already appear; but when they pleased—demanding food—and the experienced Christian will regard what thieving whatever they could lay their has bitherto been done chiefly as preparing hands on-breaking down our garden the ground, and sowing that seed wbich, fences, and stripping the ships' boats that under the blessing of the great Lord of the came up of every thing that they could. barvest, shall assuredly issue in an abun- They seemed, in short, ripe for any misdant jocrease. The accounts from New chief, and I had my fears that they would Zealand afford intimations of tbe melan- have seized on the whole of our property; choly reverses which that mission is sup- but the Lord, who is a very present help in posed to bave undergone. The informa- trouble, heard our prayers. Had Mr. tion so anxiously desired concerning the Marsden himself been among us, much as missionaries has not yet arrived, the only he deserves their esteem for what he has intelligence possessed by the Society being done for them, I believe he would not have derived from the Sydney Gazette. We escaped without insult.' have before intimated, that no apprehen- “ Every thing was now to bend to war. sion is entertained for the personal safety of Mr. Kemp says of the natives the missionaries; and though driven from “Many times, when I have refused to one district, there is no doubt they will, mend their arms, they have demanded my after a temporary suspense, be either in- tools to repair them themselves, and have vited to return to their former posts, or taken out of my shop what they pleased. permitted to settle in some other part of I have always endeavoured to show them the island. The following extracts from the impropriety of their conduct towards us, the Report, on this subject, will be read but without any effect. Thanks be to the with interest.
Lord for his grace, which has enabled me “That Shuugbee should carry back with hitherto to bear with their insults; but, I him to New Zealand a mind exasperated am sorry to say, they are getting worse; against the Society, will occasion much sur- and we can now scarcely induce a native to prise to those who witnessed the pains taken work for us.' to gratify him: but that he did return in this “ "The great object of Shunghee's voyage temper, after all the kindness shown to now appears to have been to increase his hin, has been painfully felt by the settlers means of conquest over his countrymen. who remained in the bay during his ab- When he arrived in Port Jackson on
his return, he found there four chiefs from “ The manner in which Sbunghee evin- the River Thames, who were brought thiced his altered temper was very distressing. ther in the Coromandel, in their way to Hearing, on his arrival, that the barter in
Mr. Marsden took measures muskets and powder, on the part of the to prevent them from prosecuting their settlers, was put an end to; and attribut- voyage; and Shunghee, doubtless with a ing his not being received in England with view to his own objects, strongly disa full and ready gratification of all his suaded them from going to England on acwishes, to letters not having been written count of the injurious effects of the climate to the Society in bis favour; he kept at a on himself and their countryınen. But he distance, for several days, from the settle- was now meditating a formidable expedition ment at Kiddeekiddee. The native sawyers, against the districts with which these very who had before worked quietly and dili- chiefs were connected. Of this expedition gently, caught his spirit, and struck work; one of the settlers writes insisting on being paid, either in the fa- ““The expedition lately fitted out from vourite articles of powder and fire-arms, or the Bay of Islands, with Shunghee at its
head, is a very formidable onc indeed. I ally losing the little knowledge of religion sirppose there are at least 50 canoes, 2000 they possessed, and sinking into an almost men and upwards, a great number of mus- barbarous state. To remedy these evils, kets, and plenty of ammunition. They the Hudson's Bay Company have recently intend to sweep with the besom of destruc- sent out a chaplain, and the statements he tiou, if not prevented by our God. The has forwarded have determined the Church heart sickens to think of the desolation Missionary Society to assist in the establishwhich they meditate.'
ing of schools, the erection of a church, “ A missionary belonging to a kindred and various other measures for the benefit society was, soon after, at the Bay; and both of nominal Christians and Heathens. tbus writes, in reference to this subject :- The principal port is at the Red River, where
“It would grieve your soul to hear how about seven hundred settlers are assembled, these people talk. I can conrerse a little besides a numerous concourse of Canawith them, as their language is, in some dians and half-breeds. It is worthy of rerespects, similar to the Taheitcan. I talk mark, and may well excite in us a spirit of with them frequently on wbat the almighty godly jealousy, that, so zealous were the power of God bas effected at Taheite; and Catholics of Montreal, that, no sooner state to them the evil and wickedness of was the settlement contemplated, than they war, of murder, and of eating human procured the means, and bare actually flesh, and that the Taheiteans do not do coinpleted the building of a church, and these things, but worship the true God and bare provided for aņd established a minister. live in peace: but nothing now is account- A great proportion of the European popued good with them, but war, and murder, lation, for the want of religious instruction, and plunder.
may be considered as Heathen! The "O may the time hasten on, when the women for the most part, and children, are hearts of these lion-like New Zealanders certainly such. These, together with the shall be sprinkled with the peace-speaking children educated in the Indian school, unblood of the Lamb!'
less a church he provided, will form part of “ Mr. Francis Hall writes further on the Catholic congregation. It may be proper this melancholy state of things:
to state, that, with some assistance toward “ “Shunghee is bighly esteemed among erecting the church, all the other buildings his people, as a great and successful warrior; requisite will be provided from other funds; nay, they look upon him as a “ god :" but and land will be allotted for the church, he has not always power to restrain their the missionaries, schoolmaster and asviolence, as we found in the late conimo- sistant, &c. tions. Their success in war, and the ad- The facts of the Report are summed up vantages which they have derived through in the following paragraph, with which we the mission, and their intercourse with the close our extracts. shipping, have injured them. From what “ In the nine missions of the Society I have lately seen of the native mind, I am there are about forty stations, with a numled to believe, that, had Shunghee died in ber of schools dependent on them. These England, not only all our property, but stations are occupied by about ninety Eumost likely all our lives, would have fallen ropeans, who bave been sent forth from a sacrifice to the dire superstition by which this country to the different missions ; of these people are held as in iron-bondage.' these, thirty-two are ordained missionaries;
We can only at present advert to one twenty-four are wives of missionaries; and other field of the Society's labours—the the rest are teachers and settlers, male and North-west American mission. Our read- female: of natire labourers, there are about ers may not be generally aware, that the one hundred and sixty; two of whom are Hudson's Bay Company possess a number ordained missionaries, and the others of forts and trading establishments, ex- readers, catechists, teachers, and assistants. tending over a territory of many thousand The number of scholars, adults and chilmiles; viz. from Canada to the Pacific dren, cannot be exactly ascertained; but it Ocean, and as far to the north as has hi- appears, from the last returns, to be about therto been explored. This immerise re- ten thousand five hundred. In various gion is thinly peopled by numerous Indian places, churches have been built; and, tribes, who are chiefly supported by hunt- every year, converts are added to the Lord. ing, and by bartering the furs and skips The work is, in truth, as yet, still but a of the animals they procure at some or other work of preparation-except, indeed, in & of these trading settlements. Meanwhile, few favoured spots, where the gracious no man careth for their souls; and not out-pouring of the Holy Spirit bas inost only are they perishing in ignorance and in strikingly shown what blessed effects will sin; but many of our fellow-subjects, Eng- follow, wherever the arm of the Lord lish, Scotch, Irish, Canadians, &c. with a shall be revealed.” mumerous illegitimate offspring, are gradu