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REVIEW OF BOOKS. A Charge delivered at his primary such solemn obligations, should have someVisitation, by William Magee, thing to distinguish bim, in his life and
conversation, from those who live after the D. D. Archbishop of Dublin., Second Edit. Pp. 54. Cadell.
ordinary habits and manners of the world.
And yet, is this always found to be the case 1822.
in fact? Let us ask ourselves honestly the Of the few and faint glimmer- question, Are there not some among us, ings of hope with respect to un
who present no such distinctive appear
ances ? Are there not some, who manifest happy Ireland, one of the brightest
no anxiety for the salvation of those who rays arises from the recent pro
are committed to their spiritual charge? motions on the episcopal bench. some, who seem to view the church, merely Without entering into particulars, as the means of livelihood; who appear to or attaching undue importance to
consider the promises made by them at the changes which have lately taken
their ordination, but as words of form ; place, we may at least express our
and who, provided they discharge, with
tolerable regularity, such external acts as confidence, that the Irish episco- are indispensably required for the tenure of pate contains several individuals their office and its emoluments, afford but who add to the ordinary qualifica- little reason to suppose, that they concern tions of talent and learning, the themselves about its weightier duties ; or still more valuable endowments of rather, indeed, seem desirous to escape
from every appearance of sanctity or piety, unfeigned piety and conscientious
which might bear the stamp of their sacred devotion to their important trust. profession, deeming it a higher honour to
Of these distinguished qualities, mix upon equal terms with the general mass this primary Charge of the Arch- of society, and to merge the minister of bishop of Dublin affords a striking of the world?
the Gospel in the gentleman and the man instance. The eminent talents,
It were a lamentable thing, if such cases the elevated character, and the
I trust in God they are theological productions of Dr. Ma- In the diocese from which I have gee have already attracted consi- been lately removed, they were rare indeed. derable attention; and the delivery My very recent introduction into this dio
cese does not enable me to pronounce with of this Charge has been followed
the like certainty upon it. But, from what by one of those violent attacks I have seen, there seems reason to form the upon His Grace, which mark the most favourable anticipations. Yet, it is intolerant character and the ever
to be feared, we have, all of us, too much virulent disposition of the Romish
cause to apprehend, that, even with our
best exertions, we have fallen far short of hierarchy, and may well afford to
the demands of duty; and that, by a defiBritish statesmen a salutary warn- , ciency of zeal and devotedness in the one ing not to tamper with what is com- great cause,
we and those who have gone monly, but absurdly, called Ca- before us in the ministry of the Established tholic emancipation.
Church, have to answer for no small por
tion of that irreligion, which now too faHis Grace, commences
tally prerails among our people; and Charge by noticing the difficulties which, whatever be our share in its prounder
which the Established Clergy duction, repays it by the severe retaliation of Ireland at present labour. He
of obloquy and ill will, which it heaps unthen adverts to his own responsibi
sparingly upon our Order.-Pp. 11-13. lity, and calls
his brethren to His Grace then adverts to the cousider their character, duties, designs of those whose avowed oband obligations, as described in ject is to overturn the established the Ordination Service: after intro- religion of the country, and who, ducing a great part of the admirable the better to effect their purpose, Exhortation to Priests, His Grace labour to enlist the rapacity of the proceeds to remark;
unprincipled in their unholy warIt will, surely, he admitted by all, that fare; and in the immediate view the person who has engaged bimself by of these dangers adds,
**Upon the whole, our course is a plain erecting new churches and chapels,
Whatever be the obloquy or the where such are requisite. dangers which we have to encounter, we
On some of these points we have one single line to pursue. We have to preserve our allegiance to our heavenly cannot entirely coincide with His Master. We have bound ourselves by the Grace; though the general train of most solemn vows to his service. We have his reasoning meets with our most bound ourselves to advance his glory, and decided approbation. Great care the interests of his kingdom amongst men, has indeed been taken, as he intiby all the powers which we possess. And we have, therefore, to pass onward, mates, that there shall be no idle through good report and evil report, fulfil- clergyman, that is, none without ling bis holy will, and labouring, in the some church or fixed station to true spirit of self-devotedness, by every which he shall be appointed; but means that can be employed, by instruc
are be no means
sure that tion, by example, by the very expenditure
this is of life itself, if necessary, to promote the
salutary provision. cause of God, and the well-being of our The present law, with respect to fellow men.
titles and curates in general, apWithout such exertions, it is plain that pears to us to proceed on very we neither can nor ought to stand. If the
idle salt has lost its savour it
questionable grounds. Of thing, but to be cast out, and 2o be trodden clergymen, strictly speaking, we under foot. Common exertions, it is ma
have more than we want; but we nifest, will not now suffice. Irreligion, conceive, a few more supernumeand false religion, abound. We have raries, a few more unemployed fallen on evil days and evil tongues. And clergymen, would in many cases there is no slumbering on our post. We afford a desirable relief to those may rest assured, that if we join lukewarmness from within, to the unceasing whose stated labours. exceed their hostility which assails us from without, strength. We have felt some little and assails us in every form and degree, jealousy also, lest an inference from the false and hypocritical pretence of should be deduced from one or two a desire for the improvement of our Order: expressions in this Charge, in fato the open violence which avows the purpose of its extinction-the triumph of
vour of the late attempt of the those who labour for the downfalt of our Bishop of Peterborough to rechurch will svon be completed.
examine every clergyman about. It will not do, to boast of our orthodoxy, to remove into his diocese. We and show no fruit of right opinions in our
cannot, indeed, for one moment practice; to content ourselves with exclaiming against what is called new light, suppose, that His Grace's enlarged without endeavouring to extend to our
mind should in the least counflocks the benefit of the old; to be fearful tenance so absurd an idea as the of an excess of zeal, without any alarm as introduction of the eighty-seven to the consequence of indifference; and to
Questions, than which a reserve for the appearance of sanctity and separation from the world amongst our impolitic and dangerous measure brethren, the indignation and
has seldom of late years been atwhich should be bestowed upon levity of tempted * ; but little demeanor and habitual carelessness about weak men, often justify their misspiritual concerns.-Pp. 16–18.
taken and dangerous measures by He then adverts to the apostoli- distorted views of the unguarded cal origin and succession of the Christian ministry; to the peculiar
* It was a common remark, at the late, situation of the Irish clergy, which, election for the University of Cambridge, in as it has been the ground of an at discussing the merits of the rival candidates, tack
upon His Grace, we shall ad- “ Better have a Pope at Rome than at Pevert to shortly; to the importance terborough.” So strong was this feeling, of residence; of not appointing cu
that the votes of many persons, decided
against the Roman Catholic question, rates without the consent and ex- remained in suspense until Mr. Banks deamination of the diocesan; and to clared his disapprobation of the Peterbothe necessity of repairing old, or rough Questions.
expressions of great and distin- and fanciful grounds which are guished characters.
pleaded in justification of dissent From this general view of His from our Protestant Establishment. Grace's Charge, we proceed to no- They did not object to a surplice, tice the passage which has excited an organ, or a few insulated exsuch lively indignation in the Pa- pressions in any of the offices; expists of Ireland, and called forth pressions liable perhaps to be misthe most violent and intemperate understood, but capable of fair and language. It is as follows: consistent explanation. They pleadWe, my Reverend brethren, are placed
ed absolute necessity. They conin a station, in which we are hemmed in by sidered, that the Scriptures themtwo opposite descriptions of professing selves, and the principles contained Christians : the one, possessing a Church, in them, had been laid aside and without what we can properly call a Re- departed from; and that penances, ligion; and the other, possessing a ReJigion, without what we can properly call a
pilgrimages, image-worship, and Church : the one so blindly enslaved to a purchased indulgences, had besupposed infallible ecclesiastical authority, come the religion of Christendom. as not to seek in the Word of God a reason And this they justly regarded as for the faith they profess; the other, 30 sinful superstition, a form of reli
in the vidual judgment as to the reasons of their gion without the power; or, faith, that they deem it tbeir duty to resist
Archbishop's words, a Church all authority in matters of religion. We, without any thing which could promy brethren, are to keep clear of both ex- perly be called a Religion.” tremes; and bolding the Scriptures as our This being the case, it might great charter, wbilst we maintain the
li- have been expected, that the mere berty with which Cbrist has made us free, we are to submit ourselves to the authority expression in an episcopal charge to which he has made us subject. ---Pp. 25, of a well-known Protestant senti
ment would not have excited any The Archbishop adds, in a note, particular surprise or indignation
among the Papists. Such an anProtestants, whose first principle it is, to ticipation, however, would have hold the free use of Scripture to be essen- been most erroneous. So violent tial to true religion, can never admit that
is their resentment, that we might to be true religion, which forbids the free use of Scripture: nor ean they who build almost conclude they were ignorant the entire profession of the Christian faith that any individual entertained a upon the Word of God, concede the attri- doubt of the purity and genuinebute of Christianity, in its vital character and in its proper sense, to a form of belief, Catholic Archbishop, Dr. Curtis,
ness of their principles. The Roman which subjects the Word of God to the authority of man. The sentence in the asserts, that Dr. Magee Charge, which is referred to in this note, have been aware of the revolting has given offence. But as it only speaks falsehood of his whole accusation" the language of the REFORMATION, and while a Friar Hayes advertises a merely gives in few words that which every sincere Protestant must maintain, it can pamphlet in reply to “ the insolent offend only so far as Protestantism is itself Charge of His Grace the Most au offence. It is painful to hurt the feel- “ Reverend Dr. W. Magee, not ings of individuals. But it is impossible to by the Grace of God, or by the compromise vital principles. And, that
“ Mission, ordinary or extraordiwould be a severe state of things indeed, in which a Protestant Bishop should not dare
nary, .of Jesus Christ; but by to utter a Protestant sentiment.-P. 45. “ royal Commission derived in le
“ gitimate Succession from Harry Now, in all this we observe no
“ of bloodless Memory and Bess of thing but an old principle couched
“ virgin Fame, Lord Archbishop in a new form of expression. Our
“ of Dublin, and Primate of Ire forefathers did not leave the
6 land.” Church of Rome on the same slight
It may be gathered from these
expressions, that those who use the devil, and both ought to pethem no longer consider it worth rish and will perish everlastingly. their while to assume the tone of Now, Protestants never retorted suppliants; and it may fairly be in- this or any similar language. ferred, that if the power was grant- They contend, and contend justly, ed, the will to suppress by force that the Church of Rome is corthe utterance of a Protestant sen- rupt, inasmuch as it lays aside the timent would not be deficient. word of God, and makes the
These advertisements, however, Scriptures of nong effect through its afford redoubled proof of the jus- traditions; but they are ever ready tice of the Archbishop's expres- to acknowledge, that many memsion.. This said Friar Hayes, bers of the church of Christ may who might and would be instantly be found in the Romish comsilenced if his language was consi- munion; and console themselves dered by his superiors as at all im- with the pleasing hope, that amidst proper, in another of his newspa- all the mummery, and folly, and per effusions, has the_following absurd and bewildering superstiwords : “ Then the Tract and tion which has for so many ages “ Bible Societies might chaunt overspread so large a part of the “ Victory; then our holy Religion western empire, there are many "might be insulted with impunity.” whose hearts are better than their So that victory to the Bible is to heads, and who are enabled on the bring insult to the Popish reli- wings of faith and love to pierce gion. The'one is placed in exact the dark clouds with which they opposition to the other. Where is are surrounded, and to contemplate the wonder, then, that a person with joyful and well-founded hope resting his hopes upon the Bible that Saviour whom yet, in various should utterly reject the creed of respects, they so ignorantly and Rome? Protestants have long been erroneously worship. No intimaaware, that such must be the re- tion of this natúre is ever to be met sult; a consequence which the Pa- with in a Popish writer concerning pists have uniformly affected to à Protestant. deny, but which Friar Hayes is at And what is the argument of a length excited to confess.
Papist? The Protestant asserts, But there is another point of Here are the Scriptures, and here view in which the complaints of the are arguments drawn from them Papists ought to be considered. against image-worship, against PaWhat has been their uniform con- pal infallibility, against indulduct towards Protestants? When gences, against works of supererohave the Romanists ever treated gation, and various other positions the Protestant Church as pos- which you maintain. The Romansessing a religion ?” And what ist replies (we quote the Right right have they to be so excessively Rev. Dr. Milner, the present Viindignant at their own language car-apostolic of the midland disbeing retorted upon them? They trict) “Close your Bible and constantly assume, that there is
cease your argument, for this is
my but one Church, that one Church position, the Church is infallibletheir own, and that there is no sal- the Church has decreed that point; vation out of its pale. The Church, and the Church, being infallible, the Catholic Church, is the title has decided in favour of all which they adopt; and they authoritative- you question. The dispute is, therely pronounce and declare, that all fore, at an end. Submit, or else Protestants, without exception, you come under the curse of the are out of the Church-out of Church, and are accounted shereChrist's fold--are the children of tics, who ought by public authority, either spiritual or temporal, to are compressed and kept down by be chastised or EXECUTED *!” the ascendancy of not more perAnd not only do the Romanists as- haps than about one eighth of their sert that heretics ought to be chas- number. Yet every attempt to tised or EXECUTED, but they ven- relieve them is accompanied with ture to denounce judgments upon the utmost peril
. At this very mothose who transgress their unscrip- ment, the Papists openly express tural requisitions, and announce to their wishes, and their hopes also, the world the afflictive dispensa- speedily to banish every Protestant tions of divine Providence, not as from Ireland. The Romish clergy the chastisements of a heavenly have lately circulated immense Father, but as examples of divine numbers of a pretended prophecy, vengeance. We insert the follow- that "in 1825 not a Protestant shall ing extract from the last month's be left in the country;" and the deCatholic Miscellany, as illustrating luded people, presuming upon these our position.
predictions, are already in many At the beginning of the present month places giving warning to the Pro(December) died at Nottingham, the Rev.
testants to quit. Admit, then, J. Trochet, a priest, who having confessed their leaders to power and authothe faith in his own country (France), byrity, and the same spirit will at degrees lost the vivifying principle of it in this, so far as to enter into a sacrilegious suggestion of their own authorized
once excite them, according to the contract of matrimony with a woman of the New Testaments, to the extirpaabove-mentioned town. He did not, bowever, renounce the Catholic religion, but tion of heresy. attended its worship, and listened to the And what must be done in this reproaches that were made to him by his dilemma ? Must Ireland still be pious brethren and the pastor of the place, governed by force? or must we at ticularly moved to this by a letter which bis length submit to see our brethren prelate sent to him, on his visitation of driven from their habitations, and Nottinghamshire, the summer before last ; the fairest jewel of the British but his unfortunate connubial ties still kept Crown, and one of the firmest suphim fast in the mire of sin. The prelate ports of the British empire, be for denounced to him, in particular, the untimely end of other apostate priests: he
ever dismembered and torn from wept, but he wept in vain. At length, her? There appears to us but one God struek bim with a mortal paralysis; be remedy. Enlighten the people of acknowledged to his pastor, who had one Ireland. Remove, as speedily as opportunity of seeing him, his sorrow for his crime, and promised to do what might
possible, from their warm and gebe required of him; but, before he could
nerous minds, the inhuman, blindreceive the rites of the church, stuporing, and destructive dogmas of overcame bim, and his wretched partner Popery. For this purpose, teach took effectual care that his spiritual phy- them to read the Scriptures in their sician should not again see hin !—P. 571.
own tongue, whether Irish or EngThe question of Roman Catho- lish. Supply them with copies of lic emancipation, as it respects the word of God, encourage the Ireland, becomes every day more national system of education, estaperplexing. In England, the sub- blish Irish readers, and let no mission of a small minority to re- means be lost sight of which may, strictions necessary to the safety under the divine blessing, be efand welfare of the general body of fectual to pour a flood of light on the people, is scarcely a hardship; their benighted minds. An awful but in the sister country, the im- crisis is rapidly approaching; the mense majority of the population population of Ireland is increasing
with_overwhelming rapidity. If * See Dr. Troy's Bible; Notes on Matt. true Protestantism does not make wii. 29.
corresponding advances-if some