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dedicated, which latter expression pronounce an opinion, we cannot is at once more correct and more but fear there is great danger lest modest; we must decidedly pro- he should think more highly of himtest against the expression, not by self than he ought to think. my freewill, but by his, this work, The nature of his undertaking whatsoever it be, was prompted and required him, it is true, on various undertaken. What right has Mr. occasions, to pronounce upon the V. to make such an assertion as sentiments of Luther; and is this ? On what ground has he de- doubtless consistent with Chrisduced such a conclusion? How tian humility, and with a deep sense does he know that he has under- of our own inferiority to others, to taken this translation by the will point out instances wherein we of Jesus Christ rather than by his conceive them to bave erred; yet own will? and therefore how is he we cannot but feel, that in the way authorized to say, that the Lord in which Mr. V. speaks of Luther, Jesus Christ has any such know- he often forgets the exalted chaledge? “ The parochial minister racter, talents, attainments, and of an extensive charge in a popu- fidelity of this champion of the Relous town has no business, I am formation. much inclined to say," writes Mr. The DEFECTS of this treatise, then, are V. in 1815, “ to commence au
the defects of Luther's theological system. thor.” Yet now he declares, that it was not given to him to discern, that all the work before us was prompted to one vast counsel, derised, ordained, and
God's dealings with creatures are referable and undertaken, not by his own operated for the accomplishment of one freewill, but that of Jesus Christ. vast end; that this vast end is the mani. We really should like to know, on
festation of God; that this counsel is in what grounds Mr. V. has been led all its parts (not in that only which re
spects man's redemption, but every jot of to adopt an opinion at present so
every part) laid, conducted and consumwidely differing from that which mated in and by Christ—the eternally prehe formerly advanced.
destinated, and in time very, risen GODAssertions of this nature open
MAN; much less was it given to him to the door to the wildest enthu
discern the structure and materials of that
counsel by which God is effecting this end siasm. To maintain, that any work
--that Adam, meaning not the personal of ours is prompted and under- Adam only, but all that was created in him, taken by the Saviour's freewill and even the whole human race, is the great not by our own, is in a measure at and capital subject of his self-manileast to lay claim to inspiration. festing operations. Though he had some And how shall such a claim be li- insight into the mystery of Christ's person
-that he was verily God and man, a comited or bounded? If the under- equal in the Trinity made man through the taking is from God, may we not Virgin's impregnation by the Holy Ghost, infer, that the performance is also he was not fully led into the mystery that from him ? and may we not at
bis person is constituted by taking a ha
man person, the spiritualized man Jesus, length be led to ascribe all our
into union with his divine person, and that positions, whatever they may be, he has been acting in this person as into his influence, and eventually to spired, not by his own Godhead, but by impute whatever is blameable in the Holy Ghost, from the beginning-havour spirit, temper, or conduct, to ing subsisted as the glorified God-man first his suggestion?
predestinately and secretly, up to the pe
riod of his ascension; and now, ever since We say not, indeed, that Mr.
that period, really and declaredly-doing V. entertains any such idea; but we the will of the Father continually, not his think his position leads to such a own will, by the Holy Ghost's inspiration, conclusion : and when
not his own; thus 'exhibiting the Trinity the confidence with which he dog- and in truth, every act of God. His hu
in every act he performs, wbich is, in deed matizes on points where the wisest
man person, moreover, was marvellously and best of men have hesitated to
formed, so as to be at the same time both
son of Adam and son of God; the Holy into the sovereignty of God: that soveGhost's impregnation gave bim a spotless reignty which is so bitterly offensive to the soul; the daughter of Adam gave him a carnal mind, whilst without the light of sinful body: thus he became the sinless it we cannot stir a step in God. Whence sinner; thus be that knew no sin was came creation in all and every part of its made sin for us, and was in all points wide range; whence come blessing and tempted, like as we are, without sin; that cursing, either as foreordained or as fulblsame Holy Ghost which had begotten him led; whence come heaven and hell, and sinless, keeping him without sin amidst all inbabitants for each; whence comes the the temptations of the world, the flesh, and devil; whence comes the fall of
man; the devil, until he had died to sin once, whence comes sealed ruin on the one hand, and bis mortality had been swallowed up of and whence comes free restoration and glolife.--Into this depth of the mystery of rification on the other; but from Him who Christ's person, of which the essential ele- makes no appeal to the creature for his vinment is' union, yet distinctness'—both as it dication, but says, 'I bave lifted up mine respects his divine and human person, and hand that it shall be so?'-But there is a as it respects his oneness with us-it was worthy end for all this ; which Luther saw not given to Luther to penetrate. Again; not and therefore did not assign; the sight although it was given him to see the fact of of which, however, makes the difference of man's coming into the world guilty (which a cruel God and a wise one. It is not true he ascribes to bis being born of Adam), and that God condemus the undeserving, or that entire vitiation of his nature, as brought that be crowns the unworthy. Luther did into the world with him, which renders not discern the mystery of the creation and bim both vile and impotent (a fact which fall of every individual man in Adam, neihe assumes, and reasons upon, throughout ther did he understand the mystery of the the whole of bis treatise); he was not led to predestinative counsel.-Pp. 318, 319. see the mystery of the creation and fall of We quote these passages, at once every individual of the human race, male
to show the freedom with which and female, in and with Adam. Again; Mr. V. censures Luther;--the perthough it was given him to see the fact, that there are elect and reprobate men, Godfect equality, or rather superiority, having predestinated some to everlasting which he assumes with respect to life, and others to everlasting death; he had him; and at the same time some of no insight into that covenant-standing in the strange positions which he has Christ, and the appropriateness of His himself seen fit to advance. work, consequently, to the elect, which renders God just in acting a difference be
Many of these positions aptween then, whilst the original and eternal proximate indeed exceedingly near separation is of a law beyond justice-even to heresy :—when Mr. V.speaks of of that sovereignty wbich knows no limit • the sinful flesh of Jesus Christ:'-but omnipotency. Thus he was not only when he says, 'that God did all in left, through his ignorance of God's plan
all that Luther's enemies did; by and counsel, without any insight into that
blessed and glorious principle which recon- working in Charles as well as the *: ciles the spiritual mind to the severity of • Elector; in Leo as well as Luther,
his appointments—for bow, else, shall that &c.:'-when he says, that hell is paramount end of God-manifestatio be
filled through the devil's agency; accomplished?—but he was even obliged to give up the justice of God (which, both by which he secures and retains verily and discernibly, is without a flaw in to himself that spoil which it is the tbis procedure), and to take refuge in a • Father's good pleasure that he most pernicious falsehood, that we know • should carry off tó His glory :'-nothing about God's justice, and must be and when he treats of the origin content to be ignorant what it is, till THE DAY disclose it.'--Pp.lvii-Ix.
of evil, of reprobation, &c. he
speaks, in our judgment, in a most Luther,-prodigy as he was in his day, -had not the clue of God-manifestation to
unwarranted, unguarded, and danguide him through the labyrinth, and, there- gerous manner, to adopt no stronger fore, counted much that is light, darkness. terms. P. 62.
There is, indeed, a fearlessness in Luther both speaks and means incorrectly here; but he says rather more than
Mr. V.'s inquiries, and a confidence he means.-P. 188.
in his positions, which appears to Luther blunders a good deal bere, while us most unjustifiable. Where Luhe says many excellent things.-Much
says, of the difficulty is, no doubt, resolvable
things belong to the Lord our God;"
where Milner, and Scott, and Ro- solemn warnings, earnest entreabinson, and almost all the most ties, fervent expostulations, tender eminent of ancient and modern di- and compassionate prayers, and vines, proceed with cautious step, self-denying and unwearied labours he presses boldly forwards. He for perishing sinners. There is a attempts to solve points on which heartlessness, and a want of pity and they hesitated to pronounce; and he of compassion for perishing men, speaks with as much familiarity which seems to pervade every part about the reprobate, &c. as if the of Mr. V.'s annotations, and which volume of the divine counsels had affords a striking and a melancholy been opened for his inspection. contrast to that spirit which the Sa
We fear that this is owing to a viour manifested when he wept over want of humility; to a want of re- Jerusalem, and which distinguished verence for the Word of God; to the great Apostle, when, in the full a mistake as to the grand object of view of the divine purpose concernthe Saviour's appearance. This ing Israel, he could yet say, “ BreMr. V, tells us is the manifesta- thren, my heart's desire and prayer tion of God as his express image;' for Israel is, that they may be and he elsewhere speaks of the saved.” “ I could wish myself acmanifestation of God as the end of cursed from Christ for my breall his counsels and of all his ope- thren.” Here is love even to perations;' and he not obscurely in- rishing and justly-condemned sintimates, that the manifestation of ners. We see no traces of this the divine vengeance was as much spirit in Mr. V.'s annotations. the object of God's purposes as the
It is on these grounds we espe. manifestation of his mercy. But cially deprecate the spread of such the scriptural account of the mat- sentiments. They are like tares ter is, that “ God so loved the among the wheat~entangling, imworld, that he gave his only-begot- peding, exhausting ; - under the ten Son, that whosoever believeth specious appearance of the good in him should not perish, but have seed, most effectually disappointing everlasting life;"_" For God sent the hopes of the husbandman. Much, not his Son into the world to con- indeed, should we be surprised at demn the world, but that the world finding any person, advancing such through him might be saved;"- sentiments, eminently useful; and that “Christ came to save sinners:" much should we fear, that, amidst and we
are therefore disposed utter unprofitableness, the indivito contend, that the primary ob- dual would sit quietly down and ject of the Saviour's coming was
console himself with the idea, that the salvation of men. Doubtless, God's time was not come; would in saving men, the divine cha- persuade himself that, if not useful, racter is manifested; but it is a he was in no wise to blame; and manifestation of love; whereas, the would thus as effectually promote view which Mr. V. seems most to the cause of Satan as those who delight in contemplating, is not deny the divinity, or reject the the glories of redemption, but the atonement of Christ, or who subministration of condemnation. stitute human reason in the room of
But this dwelling on the dark divine teaching, side of the divine dispensations, We have neither time nor inclieven supposing such views to be as nation for minor remarks; yet we correct as in our judgment they are must add, that, from a view of erroneous, has a fatal effect in Mr. V.'s scholastic character, we checking all exertion and energy- certainly did expect pure and standin leading to speculation rather ard English, and were not prepared than practice-in producing dry and for such barbarisms as hurriedness, heartless statements, rather than lostness, politicality, &c.
NAVAL AND MILITARY BIBLE SOCIETY. We bave been requested to insert the the arrival of peace, and the consequent refollowing Appeal on behalf of this valuable duction of a large naval and military estaInstitution; and we earnestly trust its pe- blishment, the demands on the Society for rusal will induce some of our readers to ex- the Scriptures would be proportionably diert themselves in so urgent and important minished; but that this is an erroneous an undertaking.
assumption is evident, as will appear from “ The Naval and Military Bible Society the abstracts of issues and receipts hereto having for some years past been greatly re- annexed for the last three years of the war, stricted in their efforts to afford the brave 1812, 1813, 1814; and those of recent defenders of our country requisite supplies date, 1821, 1822, and 1823. These abof the Scriptures; and, from their reluct- stracts demonstrate, that in the war the ance to reject altogether the many pressing demands for Bibles were fewer, whilst the demands on them, having incurred a debt receipts of money were considerably greater; of 12001.; the Managers of this Institu- whereas in the latter years of peace, above tion have, at length, in compliance with cited, the demand for Bibles has been the wishes of several judicious and warm much augmented, and the annual receipts friends to the Society, determined to sub- of money greatly diminished. The solution mit a brief statement of their case to the of this fact is to be sought for in the formnotice of a benevolent public; and with ation of regimental schools, and an inconfidence solicit their aid to extricate them creased desire in the nary and army to profit from their present difficulties. To this by the comparative leisure they now enjoy, measure they are encouraged, from a per- in searching the contents of that volume suasion that our seamen and soldiers, which they had not the means of studying forming a large and most interesting part with sufficient diligence under the extremiof our population, will never cease, whe- ties and constant occupations of actual serther in peace or war, to be dear to their rice. To those who love their Bibles, and fellow-countrymen; for whose protection hail this growing thirst for religious knowand welfare they have ever been ready to ledge, this statement will not appear sacrifice their own comforts, and expose strange, nor this appeal unnecessary; to their lives to the most imminent dangers. them, and to all well-wishers of our navy
“ It has pleased Almighty God, in this and army (and where is the family that has our day, to excite among mankind in ge- not immediately or remotely some conneral (especially in our own happy land) nexion in one or other of the services ?) the amore than ordinary desire for religious in- Committee would say-Whilst you are construction; and, accordingly, we see Insti- templating the conversion of a world, let tutions daily forming to meet the necessi- not your brethren at home, especially your ties of our fellow-men perishing for lack of soldiers and seamen, remain neglected : knowledge. Foremost among these, the their numbers are still great, and their NAVAL AND MILITARY BIBLE SOCIETY has claims inferior to none, The liberal debeen labouring with varied success for FOR- viseth liberal things, and by liberal things T'Y-THREE years to convey the glad tidings he shall stand.'”. of salvation to that long-neglected, but To this Appeal is annexed a comparative most important class of our countrymen statement of receipts and issues during the who man our fleets and armies. During last three years of war and of peace; from the continuance of a long and sanguinary which it
appears, war, many individuals, constrained by That EiGHT THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED feelings of gratitude to those who, under AND six more copies of the Scriptures Providence, were the instruments of pro. were issued during the last three years of tection from the multiplied evils which de- peace, than during the last three years of luged the rest of Europe, were ready to ad- the war. mit their claim as paramount to all others, That upwards of ONE THOUSAND POUNDS and admitted it most liberally. But in latter more were contributed by sailors and sola years, this spirit, to the prejudice of our diers themselves, towards the purchase of brave seamen and soldiers, has greatly sub- the Scriptures during the last three years of sided; and many and painful have been the the peace, than during the last three years occasions, when, through want of funds, of the war. the - Managers of this Society have been And that THREE THOUSAND SEVEN HUN-, compelled to pause, and, to a certain ex- PRED. and THIRTY-FOUR POUNDS less have tent, withhold the word of Eternal Life been received during the last three years from those who were earnestly beseeching of the peace, than during the last three the boon at their hands. It might be ima- years of the war. gined (and that not unreasonably), that on Those facts speak for themselves, and NOV. 1823.
I strongly call upon clergymen and ministers power to promote and encourage associaof every denomination to make congrega- tions, donations, subscriptions, &c. tional collections; upon officers to promote Contributions received at Messrs. Whitcontributions of one day's pay, or small mores, Doriens, Poles, Hammersleys, weekly subscriptions; and upon ladies, Hatchards, Hoarcs, &c. and at the Comgentlemen, and all wbo have it in their mittee Room, 113, Jermyn Street.
PRAYER BOOK AND HOMILY SOCIETY. We are happy to understand, from the circulated large editions of the first three last Report of this valuable Institution, Homilies, on Reading Holy Scripture, the that it is proceeding, with considerable Misery of Man by Sin, and his Salvation success, in diffusing, both at home and by Christ; and who gives away, on suitabroad, the valuable formularies of our able occasions, copies of the Burial SerChurch. Tbe following anecdotes from vice in Dutcb, writes thus: “ Many pious that Report must, we think, prove highly persons in this country look upon the interesting to every Christian mind : Church of England with increasing interest
“I presented two of your pretty little and respect; so that they are prepared to Italian Prayer Books," writes a Clergy- pay serious attention to wbatever your man resident on the coast of Italy, “ to Society may publish in Datch; and thus a persons of a liberal education and
field is opened for real usefulness, which larged mind. Some few days after they is likely to become every year more exhad perused them, finding how, many tensive. I am acquainted with some perthings our English Church had retained of sons in this country, who are even ardent the ancient Liturgies, they not only ex- admirers of our forms; and I doubt aot the pressed their astonishment; but seemed to number will increase.” feel singular satisfaction in being able to From Germany, where more than one acknowledge, what they had hitherto been edition of the first Homily, in the lantaught not to allow, that we were really guage of that country, has been circulated, Christians, and not heretics ; expressing, the reports bave always been highly "fahowever, at the same time, an ardent wish, vourable. that we had gone somewhat farther and re- In the year 1817, in consequence of retained more.
presentations niade by persons well ac“ There are a great many foreigners, quainted with the wants of Ircland, this Swiss and Germans particularly, who ad- Society undertook, what it afterwards acmire our Liturgy and doctrines, and attend complisbed with much difficulty and exour service when in their power : for pense, an edition of the Book of Common them, copies of the French version of our Prayer in the Irish tongue and character. Prayer Book are much needed. Geneva The very pleasing manner in which copies would be a good depot for these, and for of this book, when cautiously and judiEnglish Prayer Books; as at that place ciously bestowed or lent, were received in there are many English settlers, many different parts of Ireland, has already been English travellers, and very many Swiss, stated in the Society's Ninth Annual ReGermans, &c. who attend our Church. I port. During the last year, the few copies have also found,” he observes in continy, which had not been transmitted to Ireland,
many Italians very desirous of have been put into the hands of persons becoming acquainted with the doctrines acting as readers under the Irish Society and discipline of our Church; and many instituted in London : and the result has of the priests have expressed great asto- been, as the following extracts from the nishment on reading a Latin copy of diary of an Irish teacher will show, of a our Prayer Book, which I happened to description truly gratifying. have with me. The extreme ignorance “ Sunday, November 10, 1822.When which prevails here, respecting the religion reading at the house of one of my pupils, of the English, is astonishing. Since some of the neighbours came in for the many of them have seen me in my official purpose of hearing me. They were much dress, regularly performing Divine Service, pleased to hear me read from the Prayer and have observed the numbers and the Book, which I had with me at the time. decorụm of my congregation, I can per- They took a great liking to it, and said ceive that they treat us with more respect; they should be fond of praying if they had and even some of the priests acknowledge the Prayer Books to pray from; and if I tbat, though they never heard it before, could procure them a few, they would rethey now believe we are Christians. You ceive them with gladness.” will see, therefore, that some copies of “ Monday, December 16tb.--Read to an our Prayer Book in Latin, and Italian elderly man at the point of death, who conalso, would be of usc."
fessed that he had been a vicious character From Holland, a Clergymath who has from his youth. 'Oh,' said he, how do I