« הקודםהמשך »
MERCHANT SEAMEN'S BIBLE SOCIETY. The Fifth Report of this valuable Insti- has satisfactorily demonstrated the propriety tution has recently been transmitted to us, of this large free distribution. Many of furnishing an additional series of documents, the sailors who had never perhaps read the if such were necessary, to prove the im- Scriptures before, on having them placed portance of circulating the sacred Scriptures, by the Society within their reach, at interand the efficacy of the Bible Society in vals of leisure were induced to examine the awakening a desire for these spiritual trea- sacred oracles. Hence, in many cases, arose sures. The following extracts from the a disposition 10 possess a Bible ; and the Report will be read with interest, and may agent has found, on revisiting the ship afford useful hints to those engaged in simi- where a gratuitous supply had been left, lar institutions.
many of the sailors, wbo were formerly in“ At the formation of the Society, in different to the subject, crowded round him 1818, the dormant sympathy of the Christian to buy a Bible or Testament for thempublic was awakened. Every one who knew selves. and felt the value of the Bible agreed in the “ In the fourth annual Report (pp. 2 and propriety of placing this inestimable trea- 3) it was shown, that although the free dissure in the hands of our merchant seamen; tribution of the Scriptures for ships (but and it is but fair to state, that, among Chris- not to the men) had been considerable in tians, the projectors of the Society met with the commencement of the Society's labours, a pretty general feeling of commiseration it had materially lessened in subsequent for their moral and religious necessities. years, owing to the circumstances above The only point on which a difference of opi- alluded to, and to the formation of Marine nion existed, was as to the mode of supply Bible Societies in some of the principal outing them with the Scriptures. Whilst on the one hand, some deemed it advisable to “ It is with unfeigoed satisfaction that furnish them altogether gratuitously; on your Committee have now to report that the other it was argued, that unless the sea- the number of Bibles and Testaments sold men paid for them themselves, or the owners to seamen at Gravesend in the past year is and captains for their several crews, the very nearly double the number left without Society would have no guarantee that the payment." Bibles and Testaments supplied would be To these extracts from the Report, we duly appreciated.
annex the following anecdotes from the “ Taking, however, a middle course be- statements of the Society's agents. tween these opposite opinions, the Society « No. 8. The Captain hailed the crew instructed their agent first to use bis in- wben aloft loosing the topsails,' saying, fluence with the seamen to purchase for • Are any of you in want of a Bible?' Two themselves at a reduced rate; but on their of the men came down upon deck, and purexpressing an unwillingness or an inability chased a Bible each; the only men in the to purchase, to apply to the captain or vessel without the Scriptures. All wellowner, if he were on board, to purchase for behaved, and the vessel in good order.” his men.
“ "What a deal of good your Society bas " In the event of failure, the agent was done amongst sailors,' said a pilot, wbo had instructed to leave, without payment, a cer- just returned from the Downs, after Davitain number of Bibles and Testaments for gating the to that place; 'there is the use of the ship's company, which were nothing of that blackguardism among them to be considered a part of the furniture of now that there used to be; not a quarter so the ship, and on no account to be removed, much swearing and such-like as formerly; unless subsequently paid for on application now, sailors are reconciled and comfortto the owners. It must be confessed that able; formerly, they were disorderly and during the two first years of the Society's restless: in short, I have found this alteraoperations, the unpaid distribution was very tion in their manners in all the ships I bave considerable; but as there was a lamentable lately piloted." destitution of the Scriptures, and an eager
On the same service as No. 8, ness expressed on the part of the sailors to a similar ship with a similar crew. Sold possess them, although unable to purchase, four Bibles. I remember the time,' said the Committee considered themselves fully the chief officer, on the occasion of the justified in supplying their wants, without crew of these ships leaving their friends, payment, rather than allow so many of our and Gravesend, scarcely a man would be brave countrymen to proceed to sea without found in either ship sober ; how much the word of God.
sailors appear to be altered in this respect!' “The experience of more than five years Ah!' observed his friend, standing at his
“ No. 9.
" No. 22.
elbow, 'the Gravesend giu-sellers complain induce the crew to purchase. One bought sadly, and say their trade is not so brisk as a Bible; another would have done the same, it used to be formerly among sailors.' The but could not. • I bought a Bible of you,' books supplied were on board."
said the mate, when I belonged to the “ No. 10. The chief mate gave me a
-, and it was the best money I ever kind reception. He said, "As you have spent; in that book I found the pearl of been at the trouble of coming off for so great price. I never was accustomed to good a purpose, I will buy a Bible for this gross immorality, having had a religious poor boy; he wants a Bible, but he is not education; it always acted as a kind of able to pay for one; and I hope the crew cbeck; but I never prized the Scriptures will avail themselves of the opportunity, until lately: now my greatest delight is and be no longer without the Scriptures. I attending the means of grace.' will say what I can to induce them to pur
The books supplied by the chase.' Sold six Bibles. One of the crew, Society were produced neatly covered. The who appeared to feel interested in the mo- mate said, “Our captain does all be can to ral improvement of his brother sailors, said, improve all hands; be is a man of prayer, 'Sailors are very much altered of late for and reads the Scriptures more than any the better; and the man who would deny it one else on board. One of the crew bought must be blind, stupid, or prejudiced.'” a Bible, and had the Society made him a « No. 16.
The crew were well supplied present of it, he could not have been more with the Scriptures. The captain said, grateful. The custom-house officer said, " that there is as much difference between I have often witnessed with pleasure the sailors now, and what they were only a few good effects of supplying the sailors with years ago, as there is, in my opinion, be- the Scriptures. I call your Society a peacetween darkness and light; and a great making Society, because, since its establishpleasure I bave in observing the difference. ment, there has been so much order and The ship's duty is carried on so much bet- peace on board the different vessels where I ter now than it was formerly in ships in
have been. It is now no uncommon thing general.'”
to hear a mate, and others, ask a blessing “ No. 17. The owner received me with at their meals, or to hear prayer in the kindness, and said, 'I hope none of my cabin. This was not the case a little while ships will ever proceed to sea without the back.'” Scriptures. I am happy in saying, by the
« No. 66.
The chief officer called vut exertions of your Society, great good has
aloud to the crew, Do any of you want a been done amongst seamen in the merchant Bible? the cheapest books in all the work!; service. I carried out with me, the last the Society was formed on purpose for voyage, one of the worst of crews, and sailors, and you will be left without excuse, I brought home one of the best; and this if
continue without a Bible any longer.' change in their character was, under God, Sold two Bibles. "Ah! sailors have taken wrought by the Scriptures, together with a new turn somehow or other,' said the the means I used besides.' 'Do,' said he mate. An excellent crew, and well supaddressing himself to the Captain, let the plied with the Scriptures.” crew bave prayers read to them every Sab- “ The master very readily paid me bath-day, if possible; it will, depend upon
for a Testament, which one of his apprenit, do your people good: many sailors are tices wanted, who, he told me, well-disposed; they only want to be brought 'lately been brought to read the Scriptures, from their evil associates, and to be rea- and to see their value.' He said, “it resoned with a little. Then turning to me joiced his heart much to behold the striking again, said, “Yes, 'your Society has done alteration which had taken place in the scamuch towards altering the moral condition faring character, and to hear from time to of sailors.'
time of many being turned from the power 6 No. 21. The mate said every thing to of Satan unto God.''
DUBLIN SEAMAN'S SOCIETY FLOATING CHAPEL. We received too late for insertion in our express his entire approbation of the objects last number, the pleasing intelligence that of the Society, and has afforded facilities a Floating Chapel for the use of Seamen towards the accomplishing of them which has been opened at Dublin, under the di- could be derived from no other quarter; rection of the Port of Dublin Society for his Lordsbip kindly allowed the Rev. Robt. promoting the Religious Instruction of Sea- Daly to open the Chapel, and the other men, agreeable to the constitution of the clergymen of his diocese to officiate on Established Church. The directors of this board, until a suitable chaplain was proSociety have purchased and fitted out a ves- cured. sel of 260 tons as a Chapel, containing The first Report states, that “ Thé esa 400 men conveniently, and His Grace the tablishment of a Floating Chapel is not the Archbishop of Dublin has been pleased to only object contemplated by the Port of
« had very
Dublin Society; they have ia view other plans Society, they are compelled to appeal to the for the benefit of seamen.--Among these is public, as they have no funds at their disthe establishment of a school on board, for posal; and when it is considered that the the education of boys and apprentices train- seamen who attend are seamen of the eming up to a seafaring life, and also an adult pire, and almost exclusively English and school, for the instruction of such sailors Scotch; that this is the first and only floatas wish to learn reading, writing, and arith- ing chapel in the Establishment ; that it is metic. They are desirous also of furnishing filled on Sunday with our brave seamen, them with copies of the sacred Scriptures, and persons in connexion with them; they and with religious tracts, either gratuitously humbly and confidently trust, that they will or at reduced prices, as circumstances shall meet, from a generous and benevolent pubdirect, and would be happy to form a lic in England, that support, which, in the useful library in the vessel, that might hour of bodily distress, afforded such symafford a safe and profitable occupation for pathy and abundant relief. those leisure hours which it is to be feared We earnestly bope that this appeal to are at present not employed to their advan- British liberality may not be in vain, and tage.”
adequate pecuniary support will be contriSince this Report was published, the Rev. buted: at the same time we ardently deThomas Gregg has been appointed chaplain; sire that similar institutions were formed in which appointment has met with the appro- our own land. It is grievously to be labation of His Grace the Archbishop of mented, that while the Admiralty are unDublin. The congregation of course fluc- derstood to be willing to grant one or more tuates, according to the state of wind and suitable vessels as floating chapels, any cirtide; but there is usually a full attendance cumstances should impedetheir being immeof seamen.
diately fitted and opened for public worship. A Sunday School has also been opened, When will that wretched policy be removed which contains, exclusive of the children of which so studiously throws difficulties in pilots and fishermen, not less than forty- the way of erecting and opening places of three sailors. It has only commenced four worship in connexion with the Establishweeks.
ment? Surely it cannot be the true interest The Directors of the Institution state, of this country, that her valiant naval dethat it will require, at the very least, an
fenders should either remain destitute of annual income of 2501. to enable their ac- religious instruction, or be compelled to complishing these objects on the lowest attend the ministry of our dissenting brescale, and they are obliged to observe, that thren : we speak not from any intolerant only 981. 78. 2do of that sum appears on feelings towards those who differ from us, their subscription list. They are also in but from a deep regret that our own most debt for the outfit of the chapel to the excellent Establishment is so betrayed and amount of 100l.; and for the discharge of wounded in the house of her friends. tbis debt, and the future support of the
PARIS SOCIETY OF CHRISTIAN MORALS. We have been favoured with a copy of of the Greeks. To promote these objects the Report delivered by the Committee of they have commenced a periodical publicaCensors of the Paris Society of Christian tion, conducted and supported by men of Morals, at the general meeting of the So- eminent talents; and have also issued from cietý, April 17, 1823; from which it ap- the press various other tracts, which, we pears that they have met with an unexpect- understand, have produced considerable efed degree of encouragement. The great fect in enlightening and exciting the public end at wbich they aim is the moral im- mind. Of the religious sentiments of the provement of the human species, and this Society we have no distinct information ; they are endeavouring to effect by enlighten- but all the objects they appear to have in ing the public mind on various important to- view are such as well accord with that spirit pics: by promoting the abolition of the slave- of fervent love to the brethren, which the trade; the education of the African youths ; true Christian is called upon habitually to the meliora:ion of prisons; the suppression cultivate, and as such we most cordially of lotteries and gaming-houses; and the relief wish them prosperity.
The following extracts, from the Additional Slave-trade Papers, show the extent to which this execrable traffic is still carried.
“A lingering disposition to favour this
commerce exists among the natives along the whole line of coast, with the exception of Sierra Leone; and wherever the British flag is Aying at other places, its most decided influence will be required to check it
effectually. When a man, for iostance, is in- slave-trade debates the mind, and the chadebted, and finds in the person of another a racter of the desperate banditti engaged in more convenient article for sale, which he it. These outlaws and robbers assume any can readily convert into cash with much less flag as best suits their purpose at the time, trouble than he could raise the hundredth and would equally trample on the lily that part of the value by labour, the means of protects them, as on the crucifix which they doing so are seldom wanting where mutual impiously carry in their bosoms. It is neinterests conjoio, and here those of the cessary to visit a slave-ship to know wbat slave-seller and slave-buyer unite. It con- the trade is.” sequently gives rise to every sort of dissipation and licentiousness, leading the mind of
From Captain Leeke, enclosed in the above the more active of the natives away from
Report. the less productive and slower pursuits of
“ It is almost impossible to credit the exagriculture and commerce.
tent to wbich the slave-trade is carried on. “The system of 'panyarring,' or steal- There actually sailed from this river, being of people, is very general in some parts. tween the months of July and November At Cape Coast, a woman belonging to last year, one hundred and twenty-six slave that town was stolen by a man of a village vessels! eighty-six of which were French, about five miles off, as she was returning and the others Spaniards. Six of them from the rice plantation. Sir Charles were heavy vessels; one a frigate-built ship, Macarthy had the man who carried her mounting 28 guns, 200 men, English, away caught and brought before him. He American, and Spaniards; a corvette of 26 acknowledged the fact; said he was in debt, guns, 150 inen; a corvette of 16 guns, 96 and had no other means of paying. The men; a brig of 18 guns, 100 men; and a woman, it seems, would have been kept brig of 16 guns, 60 men-all Portuguese . until she were redeemed by her friends; and Spaniards. This information was given or if that were not done within a short to me by the captain of one of our merchant period, she would have been sold to a slave- vessels, who was actually on board each of dealer. It was with some difficulty Sir them. An immense number hare already Charles was enabled to get the woman re
sailed this year, and I find many more are stored, as the village, with its surrounding expected; and I have ascertained from territory, by our late treaty, has been ceded good authoriry, that they will generally be to the King of Ashantee. Wherever the under the French flag. traffic in slaves has been checked, the na- “A Spanish felucca, bound to the Havantives appear to have shown a fair and rea- nah, sailed with 200 a few days prior to sonable desire of cultivating the natural my boats searching the Old Calabar; and productions of their country. Our resident a Portuguese brig, with the same number officers and merchants agree in asserting, for Bahia, sailed three days previous to my that these would be raised to any extent anchoring off the Cameroons. for which a market could be found: this is “From the former river there had sailed, as much as could be expected from any
within the last eighteen months, one hunpeople in a state of nature."
dred and seventy-seven vessels, with full
cargoes; more than the half of them were From Sir R. Mends' Report to the under the French flag, the others Spaniards Admirally.
and Portuguese. These accounts hare been “ Their Lordships being already acquaint- given me (not only from the kings and ed with the desperate attack made by the chiefs of the rivers), but from those who French and Spanish slave-ships in the river were actual eye-witnesses of the shipments Bonny, on the boats of this ship and tbę and sailing of the unfortunate negroes. Myrmidon, wbich ended in the capture of “ Thus you will perceive that this horrid the whole of these ships, I feel it incumbent traffic has been carried on to an extent that on me here to mention a combination said to almost staggers belief. The vessels rebe entered into by the officers and crews of ported in my last to have left the river the whole of these vessels, by which they Bonny between the months of July and bound themselves to put to death every Eng- November 1820, with 86 that have already lish officer or man belonging to the navy,
sailed this year, added to these, with 35 who might fall into their hands on the coast from the Bimbia and Cameroons, will make of Africa. This was in perfect unison with their number 424, many of them carrying all and every thing which the slave-dealing from 500 to 1000 slaves; and by allowing has engendered. Of a similar nature was the only the very moderate average of 250 to agreement between the Spanish Captains each vessel, will make one hundred and six and their seamen, the latter binding them- thousand slaves exported from four of the selves blindly to obey every order, of what- northernmost rivers in the bight of Biafra, ever nature it might be, and in case of the in the short space of eighteen months, and vessel being taken, not to receive any by far the largest half of the vessels bearing wages. Such is the depravity to which this the French fag."
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.-PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
The Triennial General Convention of this are now TEN bishops in the United States. Church was held towards the close of May, The State of Georgia was this year, for the under the presidency of the senior bishop,' first time, represented in the General Conthe Rt. Rev. Dr. White, bishop of Penn- vention. Among other important measures sylvania. The harmony with which all the calculated (with the divine blessing) to business brought before the convention, promote the edification of this branch of was conducted, was truly delightful. On the Christian Church, was the appointment the 23d of May, the Rev John S. Ravens- of a joint committee, consisting of three croft, D. D. of Virginia, bishop elect of bishops, seven presbyters, and seven layNorth Carolina, was consecrated to the men; who are to revise the metre-psalms episcopal office. Six years only have elapsed and hymns, and to determine whether any, (a correspondent informs us) since the and, if any, what alterations or additions Church in that State was admitted to union are expedient, and to report thereon at the with the Protestant Episcopal Church; and General Convention in 1826. This comin that time more than twenty new churches mittee, we understapd, have met, and have have been formed. The consecration of determined the previous question, that some Bishop Ravenscroft is a most propitious alterations and additions are expedient ; event. A pious lady, lately deceased, has and are seduously preparing, by the exaleft 14,000 dollars for the erection of a mination of the best collections of Psalms church at Raleigh, the seat of government, and Hymns, for the faithful discharge of and the new bishop will reside there. There the arduous trust confided to them.
SCHOOL FOR CLERGYMEN'S DAUGHTERS. It has been a subject of regret amongst maintain themselves, in the different stathe friends of the Established Church, that tions of life to which Providence may call the provision for a considerable portion of them. If a more liberal education is rethe Clergy is so inadequate to their sup- quired for any who may be sent to be eduport: and whether we consider the bappi- cated as teachers and governesses, an extra ness of individuals, or the welfare of parishes charge will probably be made for masters. and congregations, few projects can more In many instances, the parents will be strongly recommend themselves to our be- able to pay the whole of the annual sum of nevolence, than those which aim at the al- 141.; but where this is impracticable, it is leviation of this evil. Efforts of this nature boped that the more affluent parishioners, and have long been made, with considerable other friends who are locally interested in a
The salutary effects of Queen Clergynjan, will gladly avail themselves of Anne's Bounty are felt throughout the this method of administering to his wants. kingdom. The Society for the Sons of the It is calculated, that the sum of 141. will Clergy is the means of alleviating much so far defray the whole annual expenditure, misery: while in most of our dioceses, as not to require more than 1001, a year, to clerical charities have been established, and be raised by subscriptions. are in successful operation.
The outfit will cost about 3001. or 3501. As an additional means to those already It was intended to raise the whole of this adopted, of administering to the wants of sum, before further steps were taken: but the poorer Clergy, the following plan is now as an eligible house is now vacant in Lansubmitted to the Christian public.
caster, and may probably be had at a rery It is proposed to open a school for the reasonable rent; and as considerable exreception of Clergymen's daughters. Lan- pectations of success are excited by the recaster is intended for the situation, as being ceipt of three donations amounting to 701. a cheap, healthy, retired, central town : the house will be engaged, and furnished as affording the advantages of masters, if re- soon as possible. quired ; and likewise the kind services of The school is open to the whole kingdom. several benerolent and pious ladies, who Donors and subscribers will of course gain have promised to give a superintending eye the first attention in the recommendation to the establishment.
of pupils : and every effort will be made to About forty girls will be accommodated : confine the benefits of the school to the cach girl to pay 141. a year (half in advance) really necessitous Clergy; and especially to for clothing, lodging, boarding, and educat- those who are the most exemplary in their ing. The education will be directed ac- life and doctrine. cording to the capacities of the pupils, and Donations and subscriptions will be rethe wishes of their friends. In all cases, ceived by the Rev. Wm. Carus Wilson, the great object in view will be their mental Vicar of Tunstall, near Kirkby Lonsdale: and spiritual improvement; and to give who will be happy to give further particuthat plain and useful education, which may lars; to be favoured with any hints for the best fit them to return with respectability management of the school; and to receive reand advantage to their own homes, or to commendations of proper teachers or pupils.