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LOTTERIES.-DUELS. A VERY general idea prevails on joice, that the power of granting this side the Atlantic, that gam- lotteries is by the late amended bling, duelling, and some other dis- constitution, taken from the legisgraceful and barbarous practices, lature. are more prevalent in the United Gentlemen, when we seriously States than among ourselves. The reflect on the declaration made by following extracts, however, from the Almighty, at that awful moment a Charge lately delivered to the when the retiring waters of the deGrand Jury of West-Chester, by luge proclaimed him an holy and the Hon. William Jay, first Judge avenging God, . At the hand of of that County, clearly evince that every man's brother will I require these crying evils are more cor- the life of man ;' and when we call rectly appreciated by the American to mind the assurance of the Gospel, legislature than our own. We re- that the murderer shall not inherit joice, indeed, to hear that public eternal life, we cannot but shudder lotteries are shortly to cease; and at the temerity of the duellist, and hope that ere long, instead of young at the fate which awaits him. I will men being urged on to that compo- not now comment on the absurdity sition of cowardice, foolhardiness, of seeking reparation for trifling and infidelity, miscalled an affair or imaginary evils, at the hazard of honour, they will be restrained of even life itself. The folly of the from it, if not by the fear of God, duellist is lost in the contemplation yet by its being enacted among of his enormous guilt. But suffer ourselves, that every man, in any me to remark, that to denominate way accessary to a duel, is thereby an act honourable, which originates excluded from all offices of honour, in the most malignant passions ; trust, and profit.

which equally outrages the precepts “ It is made my duty by statute, of our religion and the laws of our to call your attention particularly country, and which is generally to offences against the act prohi- perpetrated by men of dissolute biting private lotteries, and the act character; is an abuse of language for the suppression of duelling. that can be tolerated only by those Gambling of every kịnd has an un- whose moral sense is as depraved favourable influence on the moral as that of the duellist himself. The character. It excites a spirit of more we reflect on the nature and avarice too eager to be satisfied tendency of this crime, and on the with the slow avails of patient in- necessary and indeed avowed disdustry; and offers temptations to regard of moral obligation on the fraud, too numerous and too power- part of those by whom it is comful to be often successfully resisted. mitted, the more persuaded shall Lotteries are a species of gambling we be of the prudence of the law the more dangerous from the facili- in excluding from all offices of ties they afford to almost every in- honour, trust, or profit, and from dividual in the community, of ha- all participation in the election of zarding small sums in the expecta- public officers, every man who, by tion of receiving enormous returns. being in any way accessary to a The evils resulting from private duel, eyinces a want of that moral lotteries are, undoubtedly, to be principle without which he cannot apprehended in nearly an equal safely be intrusted with the rights degree, from those established by of citizenship." law; and we have reason to re

REVIEW OF BOOKS. The Family Commentary, or a short forded an opportunity to judge of

and easy Exposition of the New the commentary on St. Matthew, Testament. 4 Vols. 12mo. and we shall therefore call our

readers' attention, exclusively, to We have, on a former occasion, the subsequent parts of the work. expressed our decided opinion in

Mark, i. 3. This prediction will be found favour of the first part of this work, in the soth chapter of Isaiah, 3rd verse. which then_appeared under the “ The voice of one crying," denotes earname of the Family Expositor*, and nestness, fervency, and zeal in his ministry.

It is further said, “ Prepare ye the way of we are happy now to announce the

the Lord." Man's heart, by nature, is very publication of the succeeding parts. unprepared and disinclined to embrace the We have often regretted, that no doctrines of Christ : yet nevertheless we short, cheap, and portable com- are called upon to prepare and receive him ; mentary has yet appeared, for the for although the preparation of the heart

be from the Lord, yet he requires the exeruse of those who have neither time to

cise of our faculties, and the use of our enread, nor money to purchase, large deavours ; and it is the duty of every and expensive publications. Fa- faithful minister thus to awaken the attenmily Bibles are, indeed, continually tion of his hearers, to show them the evil advertized in the form of sixpenny of sin, and their misery without Christe and shilling numbers; and such is

John Baptist began his ministry in the less

populous parts of Judea, in the fifteenth the general anxiety to acquire year of Tiberius Cæsar. works of this nature, that some Ver. 6. John lived and behaved himself hundreds of persons subsist by tra- suitably to the doctrine he preached. He velling round the country at stated

wore a coarse garment made of camel's

hair, and his common diet was of the meanperiods, and supplying our towns

est sort, locusts and wild honey, which were and villages with them. It is plentiful in the wilderness. often a work of years before the Ver. 7. The great thing John aimed at desired commentary is obtained, in his preaching, was to point out the proand when obtained, it is almost in- mised Messiah, and to show the people that

there was one of far superior authority, variably, we might indeed add ne

power, and dignity, who would shortly apcessarily, a most expensive book, pear, of whom he was only the forerunner, and not unfrequently calculated to and for whom he was utterly unworthy to mislead, rather than direct the sin- perform the meanest offices, even to the uncere inquirer. We are, therefore, tying of his shoes. happy that the pious author has baptize you with water, as an outward sign

Ver. 8. I, says the Baptist, am come to thus far completed her undertak- of inward purity; but He alone, whom I ing, and we trust the public encou- preach, can baptize with the efficacious inragement will be such, as to allow fluences of the Holy Spirit, to confirm his its appearing in a subsequent edi- doctrine, and to cleanse you from your inition at a lower price. It might, in water, but Christ cleanses the

soul by the

quities. Ministers can only wash with the some cases, be a very material ac

operation of his sanctifying grace. commodation, if the volumes were Ver. 35. Private prayer is commended to sold separately, or even divided us by the precept of Christ, see Matt. 6th into still smaller parts. Inconve- chap. and 6th verse ; and by his frequent niences, indeed, arise from the example he teaches us, that our duty is not

discharged without it. And let us observe, selling of works in separate vo- that Christ particularly chooses the opporlumes, but the increased demand tunity of morning; he even arose a great would, we apprehend, in the pre

while before daylight, to set about this sent instance, far more than coun

work, showing us that the morning is peterbalance the sacrifice. Our ex

culiarly suited as the fittest and best season

for private duties ; for then our spirits and tracts on the former occasion, af- our minds are freshest and freest, before the

distraction of the day break in upon us. * See Select Reriew, p. 121.

Mark, iii. 31-33. The mother of Christ, SEPT. 1823.


although a blessed and holy woman, yet to ourselves, and attend to our Lord's inwas not free from failings and infirmities. junction; to 6 watch and pray lest we enter It was a fault in her to interrupt our Lord into temptation.” Jesus had not retired to so unseasonably, when he was preaching to this garden to hide himself, or to shan his the people. Accordingly, when one told approaching sufferings, but to prepare himhim that bis mother and his brethren called, self by prayer to meet his enemies and his he replied, “Who is my mother and my painful death. brethren ?" Christ did not mean to neglect Ver. 43–50. The hour of sorrow which his mother or disregard his kindred, but Jesus had often mentioned was almost come. only showed that he preferred his heavenly A great multitude with swords and staves Father's business, and therefore could not arrive, and the treacherous Judas, as their attend to them at that time. Here we learn leader, gives the signal as agreed upon, where our first duty lies.

bidding them take care he did not slip Ver. 34. Our Lord, looking at and point- ont of their hands. Wretched Judas ! bis ing to his disciples, said, Behold these are sin was attended with horrible aggravation. they whom I have taken into the nearest He had been a witness to the miracles relation to myself; whose eternal welfare which Christ wrought by his divine power, lies so near my heart, that no consideration therefore did not sin through ignorance. of earthly kindred can make me desist from We see in this awful example, the danger doing what is necessary to promote it. of allowing any one secret or open sin:

Ver. 35. Here let us observe how ex- none can say how far it may lead bim. ceedingly dear obedient Christians are to the Had Judas been told that his love of money Lord Jesus Christ. He prefers bis spiritual would have induced him to sell his Saviour, kindred before his patural. Alliance by he would probably have said with Hazael, faith is more valued by our Saviour, than • Is thy servant a dog, that he should do alliance by blood.

this thing?" On the seizure of our Lord, Mark, xiv. 32–42. Being arrived at Peter, remembering his promise to venture Gethsemane, which lay at the foot of the his life for his Master, rashly struck the Mount of Olives, our Master retired for high priest's servant on the head; but prayer to an adjoining garden. It is re- Christ, who accepted the affection, reprored markable, that in a garden our first scene the action; for, to resist a lawful magistrate, of human misery began; and Christ now even in an unlawful act, is discountenanced chose a garden as the fittest place in which by the Gospel. On our Lord's quietly reto commence his expiatory pains and agony. signing himself into the hands of bis eneHe was made sin for us, therefore was thus mies, all the disciples, who just before had sorrowful ; well knowing the weight and protested they would sooner die than forsake malignity of the sin for which he was to him, yet now, when put to the trial, all desuffer; the bitterness of that cup, the very serted him and fled away. So little do the dregs of which he was to drink for our best and holiest men know tbeir own sakes. Peter, James, and John, bad been hearts, until great trials and temptations cye-witnesses of his glorious transfiguration, assail them. and were now to behold his terrible agonies. Ver. 66-72. All the evangelists give an Although the whole of that melancholy his- account of Peter's denial of his Master; and tory is fully related by St. Matthew, yet we if we compare them diligently together, we must not here pass over so interesting an shall find he was known of many, through event in total silence, being a subject on the report of the maid. Here let us observe wbich we cannot too often meditate.

what contemptible means God often useth Let us take a view of the Son of God in to take down our pride and self-confidence. his state of humiliation for us miserable Peter, a great Apostle, is here humbled by sinners. See him prostrate on the ground, means of two maid-servants. We


also breathing out his soul in most vehement, further observe upon this sad story, how importunate prayer. Such is the fervour one sin draws on another. Peter first told of his spirit, that he prays himself into an a lie, and then, to support bis denial, he beagony. Does it not make us blush to think

gan to curse and swear. Hence let us learn how unlike we are to Christ in our prayers ? and endeavour to resist the first beginnings What dreadful drowsiness, dulness, and of sin, for then bave we most power; sin formality! How often do our lips move, is as it were in the bud : but if we yield whilst our hearts are colder than ice! The to Satan in the first temptation, he will sleeping disciples, too, present us with a certainly assault us with more and stronger sad instance of the frailty of human nature; ones. Moreover, if we would avoid being but how gentle the rebuke of the gracious led into temptation, let us carefully refrain Şaviour, and how wise and faithful his from bad company. The high priest's firewords of advice! We may possibly be in- side was no proper place for Peter; there clined to wonder how the disciples could was bis entrance into temptation. Let us sleep at such a time ; but without casting next remark the difference between the any reproaches on them, let us take heed transgressions of the wicked and the rightime or other help would come. In like Luke, xii. 45–48. Christ here declares, manner it is our duty to wait on God, and that. a dreadful sentence of wrath hangs attend him in all his ordinances, with an over the negligent, unfaithful stewards of humble hope and teachable temper, pray. his household. A careless, insincere minis- ing to be washed from the guilt of our sins ter of the Gospel, although he preaches it in the blood of the cross, and to be renewed

teous, as to the effects and consequences of to others, yet because he lives as if he' bethem. Judas sins, repents, and hangs him- lieved it not, will be punished at the coming self. Peter repents, goeth out, and weepeth of Christ to judgment. He may not dare bitterly. Judas repented unto death; Peter indeed to commit violence with his hand, repented unto life. Christ looked on Judas in our land of liberty and protection : but after his treason, and reproved bim too; yet he may, with the virulence of his tongue, neither that look nor reproof softened his vilify and scandalize bis more faithful bres heart. Peter, after he had wept bitterly, thren. Such men are apt to associate with never more returned to the commission of the worldly and the sensual, whose hands that sin, but afterwards confessed Christ they strengthen by their own bad example. openly, and sealed that confession with his -The 46th verse declares, that Christ will blood. May Peter's sad fall be a warning surprise such unfaithful servants in their against presumptuous confidence, and his sins, by coming at an hour they look not for restoration an encouragement to all back- him, and will punish them with everlasting sliders to look unto Jesus for restoration to destruction, from the presence of the Lord, the favour of God, peace of conscience, and

and from the glory of his power.

Under power to stand in the evil day.

the law, a distinction was made between Luke, xii. 16-21. The design of our sins of ignorance, and presumptuous sins; Saviour in this parable, is to show the folly and criminals were to be beaten more or and vanity of an insatiable desire after the less, according to the degrees of their faults. things of this world. Our Lord here meant So he who has a clear knowledge of his not only to give a check to the man who duty, and of what his Lord requires, and came about his estate, while he was in no yet sins against light and the convictions of care about his spiritual concerns and the bis own conscience, will proportionably be things of another world; but also to enforce punished with the heaviest strokes of divine a necessary caution on us all, to beware of

vengeance. covetousness.—The parable does not inti- John, v. 4. This water had not always mate any unjust ways used by this man to this bealing virtue in it, only at certain increase his estate ; but Christ condemns times when it was troubled or put in motion. his over-anxious desire after money, and the How often this was the case, the Scripture sensual purposes to which he meant to hath not told us. The water did not cure apply it. We learn hence, that it is an in- more than one at a time, that is, only the stance of the greatest folly imaginable, to one person wbo first got in after the stirring spend our time in laying up treasures upon up of the water; but that person was inearth, and in the mean while to neglect to stantly cured, whatever was the distemper. be rich towards God in faith and good The angel stirred the water, but left the works; regardless about a share in those diseased persons to put themselves in. In treasures that are incorruptible, undefiled, like manner, God has put virtue into the and fade not away. Through many years, Scriptures and ordinances of religion, for this poor deluded man promised himself the he would have us healed in the use of these; satisfaction of enjoying his riches, in the but if we do not make a due improvement midst of pleasures ; but God said, “ This of them, it is our own fault. Ministers night shall thy soul be taken away from must stir up the gift that is in them; but thee.” Thus Belshazzar was struck with when they are cold and dull in their ministerror, by the hand-writing on the wall, in trations, the waters settle, and are not apt the midst of his jollity. Our Lord makes to heal. an awful application of this parable to his Ver. 7. The lame man takes occasion to disciples, saying, “ So is every one that set forth the misery of his case : “ Sir," layeth up treasure for himself, and is not saith he, “ I earnestly desire to get into this rich towards God.” It is the unspeakable pool, but am now ready to despair of being folly of most men, to mind and pursue the so happy; for I am poor as well as lame, wealth of this world, more than the salva- and have no one to wait on me, or put me tion of the soul, and the glories of eternity. in. I am so slow in my motions, that, while

I am coming towards the pool, another deIn the following note the author scends before me.” How mildly this man seems to consider the passage as speaks of those about him, without throwreferring principally, if not exclu- ing out any peevish reflections! Observe sively, to ministers; we apprehend further to bis praise, that though he had

waited so long in vain, yet still he continued it applies to all professing Chris- lying by the pool side, hoping that some tians.

you all.'

in heart and mind by the Holy Spirit; that here spoken of, were the spirits of good men the ordinances, thus made effectual from departed out of this world, and now with above, may be as the pool of Bethesda to God in glory; especially those wbo had us, who are all by nature spiritually impou gone through great difficulties and persecutent, lame, blind, and diseased.

tions for Christ's sake, and had been faithJohn, xiii. 10. Our Lord here further ful unto death. Though slain in this gloexplains himself, and corrects Peter's mis- rious cause, they were no losers; for they take, who ran from one extreme to another. were now clothed in white robes, wbich The Jews washed their feet on coming in signified their being perfectly justified, sancto dinner, and sometimes bathed, and then tified, and made happy in heaven: they had came into the dining-room with or without been engaged in war, and, as conquerors, sandals. In the latter case, their feet might they now carried palm-branches in their be soiled with the shortest walk, and the hands, the well-known emblem of victory. soles of their feet would need washing again. Ver. 17. They were under the care and The spiritual meaning of which is, that conduct of Christ, the Lamb of God, who, souls which are washed in the blood of as their shepherd, fed them, and led them Christ, “justified and sanctified in the name to fountains of living water, that is, put of Jesus, and by the Spirit of God,” need them in possession of every thing that was not to be justified a second time from sins pleasant and refreshing to their souls; repented of and forgiven; but as the feet whilst that God whom they had faithfully of those walking but a few steps after wash- served, acted, as it were, the part of an iling may be dirty again, so in our daily walk dulgent Father, and wiped away every tear we contract fresh defilement, and bare from their eyes, conforting them with every therefore need of a daily washing by repent reviving consolation. ance, and of fresh applications to the blood of Jesus, by repeated exercises of faith. A Letter on the Means and ImCbrist adds, You, my Apostles, are now

portance of converting the Slaves clean ; you are justified, (that is, I have forgiven your sins, and accepted your per

in the West Indies, to Chrissons;) but this remark does not extend to

tianity. By the Right Hon. Sir

G. H. Rose, M. P. Pp. 87. We have taken these passages

London. Murray. 1823. from the Gospels very much as WE have long been in the habit they occurred, without any pre- of regarding our West India colovious examination, and we should nies as placed in a most critical be happy to furnish our readers situation; and the determined perwith an equal specimen from the severance of other nations, espetwo remaining volumes; the fol- cially the French and Portuguese, lowing are, however, all that we in the Slave Trade, some distresscan at present find room for : ing instances of which will be found

Rom. ix. 22—24. If God, who has an in our present month's Intelligence, absolute right and power over all bis crea- is continually accumulating comtures, by taking a severe method with some, makes known his displeasure against sin,

bustibles for a most awful and treand bis power to take vengeance of sinners, inendous conflagration, which the what objection can there be against his most trifling circumstance may ere justice in this? Moreover, he generally long enkindle, and the limits of exercises great patience towards them, in which no one can foresee. the midst of their provocations, giving them

With such feelings, we cannot all necessary time for repentance: but by hardening themselves in sin, they grow ripe be indifferent to any propositions for ruin, and are thus, by their own act, which may lead either to avert or fitted for destruction. On the other hand, diminish the impending danger, and can God be taxed with unrighteousness, because he deals more mercifully with others, satisfaction the pamphlet of Sir

we have, therefore, read with great who through his grace have submitted to the terms upon which he liath promised G. H. Rose. Its object is to favour and acceptance, and to own them as demonstrate the importance of his peculiar people, thongh they be not the religious instruction being given natural seed of Abraham? The rejection to the slaves, and the practicaof the unbelieving Jews, and the admission bility of communicating that inof the Gentiles into the church, seem par- struction, either by missionaries

, ticularly alluded to in these verses.

Rev. vii. 9. The innumerable multitude specially devoted to that service,

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