« הקודםהמשך »
A curate may
and moderation so generally cha- virtue of his situation as the inferior. racterizing our ecelesiastical supe- If, therefore, the curate and the riors; but wherever a case of ma- incumbent disagree, it is, generally nifest hardship has occurred, the speaking, expedient that a separaunfortunate sufferer has so uni- tion should take place, and there is formly received substantial tokens surely nothing unreasonable in the of sympathy and regard, that a idea that the principal should revery careful and wise observer, main, and the curate should withwho has enjoyed abundant oppor- draw. Accordingly separations of tunities of ascertaining the fact, this kind are frequently taking has not hesitated to declare, · that place, generally by mutual consent; * he had scarcely ever known an usually at the pleasure of the cu• instance where a curate had been rate, for the incumbent cannot dis. hardly dealt with, and had borne miss a regularly licensed curate his trials with prudence and pa- without the consent of the Bishop tience, but it had eventually turn- of the diocese. ed out to his temporal as well as indeed be dismissed by the Bishop 'spiritual advantage.'
without any reason whatever; and One evil, however, resulting from such a dismissal may in extreme such expressions of Christian sym- cases arise from the curate's attachpathy and regard is, that some ment to the doctrines of the Reyoung beginners in the Christian formation; but we apprehend this ministry have been encouraged to is rarely the sole cause; and where adopt a line of conduct
such is the case, as has been already sistent with the situation in which hinted, it almost universally calls they are placed, and exceedingly forth solid proofs of the public detrimental to the cause of true re- sympathy and support. ligion. We have here, for in- Such case Mr. Bridgman stance, the curate of a resident in- would lead us to believe he has to cumbent, within a few months after produce. He attributes the whole ordination, claiming the people and of his sufferings to jealousy on the the pulpits as his own; dissuading part of his incumbent-jealousy of the congregation from attending the his superior success among the ministry of his superior; setting people of the Forest-jealousy himself up as a direct rival; beha- producing misrepresentation to the ving with great irregularity; disre- Bishop; an evil effect on his garding all admonition, and at last, mind; a consequert dismissal of when quietly desired to seek ano- Mr. Bridgman; an inhibition from ther engagement, attempting by preaching in the diocese of Glouimportunity, by all the machinery cester, and eventually a secession of petition, by threats of dissent, from the Church. and, above all, by the menace of The perusal, however, of Mr. an appeal to the public, to force his Bridgman's pamphlet, must probishop and rector to recall their duce a very different impression on dismissal, and to permit his conti- every unbiassed mind. It decidedly nuance, even while tenaciously de- proves him to be an imprudent nying any sense of his misconduct, man. He and his incumbent could and thus destroying every hope of not agree--un appeal is made to amendment.
the Bishop of the diocese—he very Now, it is most obvious that the properly directs the curate to go relation of a curate to his incum- the curate answers, I will not go; bent is that of an assistant. He I will stay. It is melancholy may
be very much the superior in that any man should be so rash talents, learning, piety, &c. but or ill-advised as to form such still he must be considered by a resolution; but unquestionably,
when this is the case, there is but opinion wanting. And I sincerely hope and one line which a Bishop can adopt; pray, that in a different situation, and under and, however painful it may be, he other circumstances, these requisites may,
under the Divine blessing, be acquired. I must proceed to inhibit the curate
remain, from preaching in his diocese.
“ Rev. and dear Sir, your faithful Brother, When, however, we turn to Mr.
“ HENRY GLOUCESTER.' Berkin's pamphlet we are compel- It appears, on the comparison of led to view Mr. Bridgman's conduct these two pamphlets, that Mr. in a still more unfavourable light. Bridgman's whole conduct from his Mr. Bridgman, be it remembered, first entrance on the curacy was imputes his dismissal entirely to most irregular. His preaching is Mr. Berkin's jealousy, and conse- said to have been extravagant, dequent dislike. But Mr. Berkin's sultory, and irreverent. In reading pamphlet shows that this imputa- prayers he frequently altered the tion is utterly unfounded ; that so Liturgy, expounded the lessons, and far from Mr. Bridgman's dismissal deviated from the Rubric; and in being occasioned by Mr. Berkin's visiting the people, he appears to interference, he was actually re- have adopted a line of conduct very tained in the curacy several months much tending to diminish his reat the intercession of Mr. Berkin; spectability and usefulness. On and Mr. Bridgman is also shown hearing of these things, the Bishop to have garbled the letters which felt it necessary, in three months he has published, in a most im- after his ordination, to send him an proper
and unjustifiable manner. admonitory letter, which was transWe insert the following letter as mitted to Mr. Berkin for him to pea specimen: all the parts printed in ruse and forward. So far, howitalics are omitted in Mr. Bridg- ever, from jealously watching occaman's pamphlet; why they are sion of offence, Mr. Berkin delayed omitted is, alas ! too evident. The this letter, and finally prevailed with Bishop, Incumbent, and Curate, the Bishop to recall it. all appear in a very different light,
Shortly after this, Mr. Bridgman, according as the original or the in the highly excited state of the abridged letter is read; and Mr. public mind on occasion of the Bridgman must have been con- Queen's death, gave notice from the scious that such would be the case. pulpit, that he should preach a fuFrom the Bishop of Gloucester to Rev. I. neral sermon for Her Majesty. This Bridgman.
Mr. Berkin thought unadvised and “ Deanery, Sept. 27, 1822.
improper, and he therefore interREV. AND DEAR SIR,
“I have received your letter. I have fered to prevent it. Mr. Bridgman heard from Mr. Berkin upon the general then gave notice, that “ he had matter of it, as well as upon some other “ been forbidden by high authority points of your conduct; and have now en
“to preach on this subject, and that tered fully into the subject in conversation
« had he not obeyed, he would prowith him. I have also heard from Mr. Fosbroke. The result of the whole, upon “bably never have preached in that thé best consideration which I can give it, place again.” The gross indisis, that it will be far better for all parties, cretion and rash judgment of the and for the ultimate and real interests of first notice, and the ill-tempered genuine religion, that you should leave the Forest of Dean.
and inflammatory nature of the se“ It is due to Mr. Berkin to add, that in cond, naturally brought
upon him all my various communications with him a notice of dismissal. This order about you, he has uniformly shown the most also was recalled in consequence Christian forbearance and kindness. He
of Mr. Berkin's kind interference. will give you a quarter's notice. I am willing to do full justice to your motives, and
After a few months, a third comto your ardent seal: but more of real hu- munication from the Bishop reachmility, judgment, and temper, are in my ed Mr. Berkin.
C His Lordship recapitulated the former intentions.
This extraordinary ašgrounds of complaint against Mr. Bridgman sumption awakened the incumbent on the score of irregularity; and added, to a just view of his curate's chathat he had lately received, from most re
racter. One principal reason why spectable authority, the same accounts as
Mr.Berkin wished for a curate was, before, of bis strange manners, and unguarded language in the pulpit, tending to that he might establish the worship bring contempt, in the minds of many per- of God at Lidbrook. By great sons, on the services of the Established personal exertions he had raised the Church. His Lòrdship allowed that his funds with which the chapel was zeal might be great, and his intention perhaps good; but that such continued impru- built, and procured the Bishop's dence, after admonition given, seemed to license, but had been prevented by forbid the hope of an amendment of con- illness from taking that share of the duct, and he could not therefore grant a
duty which he originally contemlonger toleration of it. I was still unwill
plated. When, however, Mr. ing to come to that extremity, if it could possibly be avoided ; and, under the influ- Bridgman proceeded so far as to ence, as I trust, of that charity which fancy himself the founder and sole " bopeth all things,” I again ventured to pastor of the congregation, Mr. Bersolicit the Bishop for a further trial, and kin discovered what had long beagain his Lordship most kindly acceded to
fore been apparent to others, that the request.-P.21.
his curate's mind was so occupied Now really, after all this, we with erroneous views as to his real should never have conceived that situation, and that his judgment any man could charge Mr. Berkin was so warped on various points, with jealous dislike, seeking to find that there was no rational prospect fault with trifles in order to effect of amendment, and that the best This removal. Yet such is Mr. Bridg- way for all parties was that which man's accusation !
his Diocesan had pointed out a Circumstances, however,at length year before, namely, to part. occurred, which rendered further The remainder of the narrative lenity and forbearance impossible. recounts little more than a series The Rev. Rowland Hill, of Surrey of efforts on the part of Mr. BridgChapel, visited the neighbourhood man to shake the determination of of the Forest, and Mr.
Bridgman, his superiors. Tears and entreawithout consulting his incumbent, ties were abundantly employed to gave notice that Mr. Hill would excite the compassion of the people, preach at Lidbrook chapel, in Mr. and induce them to petition for his Berkin's parish, the following week, continuance; and the countenance and also at Ruardean church, the Mr. B. received stimulated him to use of which the curate, Mr, Fos- higher efforts. He soon began to broke, had allowed Mr. Bridgman aim at the entire possession of for a weekly lecture.
Lidbrook chapel. He writes to On Mr. Berkin's learning these Mr. Berkin, " Give me Lidbrook, proceedings, he immediately urged and the wound may yet be healhis curate to inform Mr. Fosbroke ed;” and he writes to the Bishop of his intentions as'to Ruardean requesting “ the perpetual curacy church, to which Mr. Bridgman of Lidbrook chapel, with a saappeared to consent. Mr. Berkin lary.” Now, to say nothing of also, for his own part, declined per- the modesty of such a request from mitting Mr. Hill to preach at Lid- a person who was finally disbrook. To this Mr. Bridgman re- missed, after repeated warnings, it plied, that as he considered the con- must be sufficiently obvious that it yregation at Lidbrook to have been was impracticable. No minister raised by his means, he did not con- can be licensed to a church without sider himself under the same obliga- the consent of the incumbent and tion to acquaint Mr. Berkin of his Bishop, and we do not conceive MAY 1823.
that in the case before us. it was received subscriptions to a consipossible for them both, even if they derable amount, whose only claim were so disposed, to secure to Mr. to such a remuneration appears to Bridgman the perpetual curacy of have been, that, after having drawn Lidbrook chapel, with a salary. upon himself a deliberate sentence
Foiled in all his efforts, Mr. from one of the most pious, exemBridgman at length succeeds in plary, and considerate prelates who exciting the passions of the people has ever existed, he thinks proper so as to inflame their resentment to secede from the Establishment, against Mr. Berkin, and to lead to a That our dissenting brethren should serious disturbance during divine receive with open arms those who worship. The natural consequence secede from conscientious motives, of such conduct was, an inhibition can neither be matter of surprise or from his diocesan; and this was censure; but we must consider it followed by a hasty resolution on both surprising and criminal, that bis part to secede from the Esta- an individual of another commublishment.
nion, who had incurred repeated It pains us to add, that this in
censure from his superiors, should dividual, guilty as he plainly was be received and welcomed with of the greatest degree of insubordi- such fluttering eagerness. This nation and contumacy towards his sentiment has, we know, been exsuperiors, has been received with pressed by some of the most valued open arms by very respectable and revered ministers among the persons among our dissenting bre- dissenters; and we are sure that thren, and welcomed to some of the encouragement in this case the first congregations in the metro- afforded to rashness and imprupolis. as a persecuted brother. dence, to adopt no stronger lanKnowing well
, as they necessa- guage, must be "deeply lamented rily must, the mildness of the by all of every denomination who Bishop of Gloucester's character, simply labour for peace. that devoted piety and enlarged We feel for Mr. Bridgman's siliberality which he has so uniform- tuation-we pity his misconduct, ly manifested, they should, at and consequent disappointment. least, have paused before, on an We
e regret that in days like these ex parte statement, they had so any man should retire from the Esopened their pulpits and their tablishment; but in our deliberate purses to a person of whom, even opinion Mr. Bridgman's pamphlet on his own showing, it was most shows that the Bishop of Gloucesobvious, that he deserved censure, ter could not have acted otherwise, however justly he might also be an and Mr. Berkin's pamphlet throws object of compassion.
the whole weight of blame on Mr. In the ordinary concerns of life Bridgman alone; nor can we shrink a very different course of conduct from such an avowal without negis observed: no man thinks of re- lecting that duty which we owe to ceiving a servant into his family the religious world in general, and who has been dismissed from a re- our readers in particular; at the spectable situation, without, at same time we earnestly pray, that least, inquiring from others as well Mr. Bridgman may learn pruas himself the grounds on which he dence, forbearance, and due consihas been dismissed. No jury ever deration for the feelings and circomes to a decision on the bare cumstances of others in any situastatement of the prisoner without tion to which he may be called, and considering the evidence against that, in whatever line he may herehim; yet here an individual is taken after labour, he may
proup, brought forwards, strongly re- mote the glory of God and the good commended, and reported to have of souls.
BIBLE SOCIETIES. Tạe last few weeks have been distinguish- SOUTHWARK AUXILIARY BIBLE SOCIETY. ed in the metropolis by the Anniversaries of This Society assembled April 8, at the four of its Auxiliary Bible Societies, the Horns Tavern, Kennington, when the proceedings of each of wbich would, if at all Chair was taken by Charles Barclay, Esq., adequately reported, occupy far more than M. P. A very able and interesting Report the whole space which we can devote to re- was read by the Rev. Thos. Mortimer, one ligious intelligence; it is obvious, therefore, of the Secretaries. From this Report we, that we cannot attempt even an abstract of were happy to learn, that the Southwark their proceedings, and can, indeed, do little Bible Society still continues distinguished more tban insert the mere names of the by zeal, activity, and usefulness. Several several societies and their principal speakers. very interesting anecdotes were recited ; The first in order of time, and which took some of wbich we hope to be able, at a fuplace at Freemasons' Hall, on Monday, ture opportunity, to lay before our readers. March 31, was the
The Report was followed by impressive speeches from the Rev. C. Burton, minister
of All Saints Church, Manchester; the BLOOMSBURY AND SOUTH PANCRAS
Rev. J. Townsend, Dr. Steinkopff, Thomas AUXILIARY SOCIETY.
Webster, Mr. Samuel West, Jesse Curling, The venerable President, Mr. Grant, on Esq. the Rev, R. Warren, Joseph Hughes, taking the Chair remarked, that the Bible G. Phillips, Thomas Bartlett, and G. ClaySociety confers a privilege on every indivi- ton; when the meeting was closed by an apdual within the Christian pale, by enabling propriate speecb from the Chairman. persons, without distinction of sex or age, to promote the circulation of the word of THE NORTH-WEST LONDON AUXILIARY God: and since every privilege implies a ASSEMBLED at the Argyle Rooms, April corresponding duty, it was doubtless the 16th, at the usual time, and notwithstandduty of all to assist in this important work : ing the unfavourableness of the morning, a it was within the sphere of every individual numerous attendance of highly respectable to contribute by his zeal, as well as his pe- persons collected together. The Chair was cuniary aid. The whole ultimate success taken by the Hon. Charles Shore, when the must depend upon the zeal of individuals; Report was read by the Rev. Basil Woodd; in proportion to our power so was our re- which was followed by appropriate speeches sponsibility, and if we met in this spirit, from Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, M. P. the every Anniversary would give a new im- Rev. Dr. Steinkopff, Capt. Hillyer, R. N, pulse to our zeal, and he trusted that zeal Robert Grant, Esq. the Rev. Mr. Lawrance, would always be connected with prudence, E. Bell from Tyrone, E. Parsons, Dr. Jen-Mr. G. then called upon the
nings, and J. Stratton. Rev. T. Webster to read the Report of the Institution. This Report, in touching THE WESTMINSTER AUXILIARY BIBLE upon the local concerns of the Society, pressed strongly upon the subscribers the Was held April 25th, at the King's Conduty of coming forwards to supply the cert Room, in the Haymarket. Lord Cal. place of those collectors, &c. who were thorpe took the Chair, supported by the Bieither removed by death, or prevented by shop of Gloucester, the Right Hon. Lord increasing business or other engagements, Bexley, and the Earl of Rocksavage. In from employing that time and zeal in the taking the Chair Lord Calthorpe remarked, cause they had formerly manifested ; it that the benefits of the Institution were so vindicated the propriety of ladies engaging generally known, that it was unnecessary for as collectors, and impressed on persons con- him to enlarge; but he was convinced that Dected with manufactories, the duty and, this Institution was faithful to its design, importance of establishing Bible Societies in and in every respect promoting the comthem. The Report then referred to the mand of God in circulating the book by deaths of Messrs. Dalziel, Blair, and Owen, which alone men can be saved. The Bible and ended by briefly adverting to the con- Society was unlimited in its extent; yet tinued prosperity of the Parent Institution. when seen in our own land, it manifested
The Meeting was then addressed by the the same course of usefulness, and in all its Hon. Charles Shore, William Albin Garrat, ramifications has a most beneficial influence, Esq. Sir Robert Harry Inglis, the Rev. especially in associations. These bave been Joseph Hugbes, Dr. Winter, Charles Stoke found not only most productive, but they Dudley, Esq. the Right Hon. Charles also confer upon the lowest classes of soGrant, M. P. the Rev. Henry Venn, Dr. ciety the privilege of being benefactors to Steinkopff, and the Rev. Daniel Wilson. their fellow-creatures--they are permitted