« הקודםהמשך »
Marriott, Hoare, and Cunningham, two friends and some Hottentot warned their countrymen of those servants, in waggons drawn by evils, following in the path which oxen, and journeyed through the had been trodden by a Bacon, a country of the wild Bushmen toClarendon, and a Hurd, at former wards the Orange river. In the periods of our history.
neighbourhood of the Tropic of CaIn proportion to the smallness of pricorn, the thermometer rose to the number of those who have vi- above 100 in the shade. It is cusited other countries with religious rious, that the poor natives in this views and on Christian principles, is sultry district had no idea of the the value we set on such a traveller comfort or refreshment of ablution. as Mr. Campbell. This pious and Covered with dirt, ochre, and cowpersevering agent of the London dung, they could not be prevailed Missionary Society has undergone on to wash themselves. They preperils by land and by water, and fer greasing their bodies, which braved the heats, and savages, and causes so unpleasant a smell, that monsters of an African continent, they do not drink of the fountain once and again; as a pioneer to that which may happen to be nearest army of faithful soldiers, which we their kraal, or dwelling-place, lest trust will soon take the field, and the odour of their visit should deter wrest from the rulers of the darkness animals which they are accustomed of this world the ground which forms to seize for food from coming a part of the inheritance of the King to water. The party crossed the of kings. While some can specu- Orange river and arrived at Griqua late on a fallen shaft, lament its Town. Here Mr. C. was refreshed broken capital, and measure the by the sight of a missionary settleheight from whence it has been ment, and a school, conducted acprecipitated; he has been more dis- cording to the British system, of posed to weep over the moral ruin more than one hundred children, of the human mind, to contrast its who gave fair promise that the lapresent degradation with its pri- bours of their teachers would not meval dignity; to find out a station be in vain. for fixing that machinery which is Proceeding to New Lattakoo, designed to set it up on its base, he was received with kindness by that " it may be a pillar in the King Mateebe. A missionary statemple of our God, never more to tion, under the patronage of his go out.” While others are poring sable majesty, was found here also, over inscriptions, and are content with a chapel of commodious size. to have their dwelling among the Mateebe is very civil to the mistombs, that they may dig for trea- sionaries, but expects to receive sures to gratify an antiquarian presents from them. He is very fancy; he has been rather anxious angry, however, if any of his subto trace, among hordes of barba- jects beg of them. In one of the rians living in the valley of the sha- divisions of the Lattakoo territory, dow of death, -some of the sympa- Mr. C. was entertained by Malathies of our common nature, some woo, chief of five hundred Bootglimmering of traditional light, shuanas, who had a black beard some feelings which may identify about an inch long, on his upper the children of Ham with the sons lip and the lower part of his chin, of Japhet;
while the skin of a long serpent “ Some glorious fragments of a soul im- was wrapped round his forehead, its mortal,
head hanging over his brow. . The With rubbish mix’d, and glittering in the good oflices of this ferocious-lookdust."
ing captain were propitiated by a Mr. Campbell left Cape Town present of snuff, of which the naon the 18th of January 1820, with tives are remarkably fond. Kossee, chief of Mashow, was with that any dish should be removed from table Mateebe, and it was agreed that before its contents were eaten. They were Mr. C. should visit his domain.
also delighted at hearing the singing at diWhen our traveller mentioned to ing of chiefs, was held during the stay of
vine worship. A peetso, or general meetMateebe his wish to proceed thi- our traveller, for which they prepared themther, that no obstacle might arise selves by painting each other's bodies with on his part, he replied, “ I will
wet pipe-clay of a French gray colour. never hinder the progress of the Three or four hundred persons attended,
who took their stations in regular rows opword of God.” On his arrival at posite the regent. A grand chorus was Mashow, he was entertained in a súng, and a chief rising gave three howls, friendly manner by the chief and and made an oration on the loss of some grandees, among whom the mis- cattle which he suspected to have been sionaries divided two buffaloes stolen by the Boquains, a neighbouring nawhich they had shot; and a public which was agreed to by the assembly. He
tion, and proposed to march against them, meeting being held, an old patri- also spoke favourably of the visit from the cian delivered a speech in favour of strangers. After the assembly bad been adthe designs of the visitors.
dressed by other captains, the regent's broOur traveller next entered Kur
ther concluded the meeting by a long speech, rechane, the farthest point of his during one part of which the regent and
young king danced. The whole company journey northward.
It is the ca- afterwards rose with tumultuous noise, pital of the Marootzees, containing and departed with such speed, that in one 16,000 inhabitants, and about 900 minute the square was cleared. The meetmiles distant, E. N. E. from the ing lasted about four hours. settlement of the Cape of Good
But such publications as this of Hope. The natives beheld the Mr. C. are chiefly interesting as white men with the utmost astonish- bearing on the subject of religion. ment. The aged laughed, and the At Lattakoo, the natives have been young screamed. There were many persuaded by the missionaries to circumstances of interest in this leave off their predatory excursions part of the journey.
in search of cattle from neighRound the town were many old cattle bouring tribes. King Mateebe said, inclosures, built of stone, some parts as
“ All are pleased with the word, neatly done as if they had been erected by but we cannot comprehend it.” European workmen; and the houses them- At evening worship, they used to selves were surrounded by stone walls, of
Come and hear the which some were plaistered and painted yellow on the outside. Their dwellings are
news of the Son of God.” A
poor in a circular form; and the neatness, regu
female among the Matchappees, larity, and embellishment, do great credit nạmed Manyena, gave the followto the taste of the Joneses and Wrens of ing account of her experience: Africa. They discover also much ingenuity in the manufacture of articles of pottery,
She called and told me, that when she and in the smelting of iron and copper.
first beard of the Bible she did not think it They practise inoculation for the small-pox
was true; but when she found it describe between the eyebrows.
her heart so exactly, she could not but beThe king was a minor, and his uncle
liere wbat it said. She was determined, governed as regent. It is the custom, if
slie added, always to live near some place the sovereign die without issue by his eldest
where the word of God was preached, where queen, that his brother should marry her,
she might hear about a crucified Saviour, and “ raise up seed unto his brother," and
though she sbould starve, Jesus died for the fruit of such an union will succeed to sinners, and she would not leave the the prejudice of all other. The regent was
Word. She prayed that I might be carried presented with some bread and cheese, a red
safe back to the Cape and to England. worsted night-cap, a kaleidoscope, and a
Vol. ii. p. 170. portrait of Prince Leopold, which were Our readers will be pleased with graciously received, bis Highness remark- such facts as these. Let us not ing, that the white man had “ made him quite light to-day.” The natives were
despise the day of small things. highly amused at seeing the Hottentots
When God gives the word, great cook the victuals, and seemed much amazed will be the company both of preaches
ers and hearers. Mean time, it is Widely different, however, is no trifling matter that Mr. Camp- the Charge now before us. In two bell should have travelled among former instances, his Lordship had these hordes without molestation; adverted to the general duties of and if at the missionary settlements the ministerial profession, the perthere are some hearers who seem formance of the service, the tenour to expect some brandy, or mus- of the sermon, and the various ofquetry, or the use of a plough, as fioes which commence, continue, the price of their attendance, yet and close the minister's pastoral others believe to the saving of the communications with each member soul. Most unfeignedly do we re- of his flock. He then introduces joice in the success of the United the subject of his present Charge. Brethren, and the London Mis
The most important and difficult part resionáry Society, in this labour of
mains: I have to explain and to urge upon love; and pray that, if it be the you the indirect teaching by example-by will of our heavenly Father, the the elevating standard, and the attractive agents of these fraternities having influence of a life, consistent with the preextended yet further their course cepts, and congenial with the doctrine, upward, and our friends of the which you preach.-- Pp. 7, 8. Established Church penetrating la- And shortly after adds, titudinally, they may meet in the centre of that continent, whose mi, evil, that what our people hear, will
But such is the natural preference of series have so powerful a demand rarely indeed counterbalance the effect on our sympathy, and whose wrongs of what they see; and the vices, the dissihave so long and loudly called for pation, the worldliness
, and the lukewarmreparation.
ness of the man will generally render utterly
vain the prayers and the preaching of the A Charge deltvered to the Clergy of priest, however duly commissioned, howthe Diocese of Gloucester, by words must come from the heart, or they will
ever solemnly set apart for bis office. His Henry Ryder, D. D. Bishop of never reach the heart. The precept must Gloucester.- Payne. 1822. be accompanied and recommended by the THERE are few publications exemplification: the picture delineated must
hare its counterpart, in some measure, in more deeply interesting to the at
the picture embodied. The preacher's doctentive inquirer into the actual state trine must be confirmed by the daily and of religion among ourselves, than hourly lesson of his conduct. He must be the charges and sermons delivered able, in his measure, to say with St. Paul*,
“ Be ye followers of me, even as also I am at episcopal visitations. The oc
of Christ,” or be will make uo
proof of casion is solemn, and the opportu- bis ministry;” the very seal of his office, the nity most important; yet, in many charge he undertook, the title be assumed, instances, it is allowed to pass the privileges and opportunities he enjoyed, without any correspondent im- the powers and means of usefulness be posprovement.
sessed, will rise up in judgment against A mere perfunctory him-not only his own, but his people's address, a discussion of some po- “ blood will be upon his head," and he litical question, some new act of will inherit “ double condemnation.”the Legislature, or some recent - Pp. 8, 9. controversy, is made the basis of
His Lordship then considers the a well-written and a well-delivered clerical life; first, in its pursuits of address; no word of ministerial ex- business; secondly, in its relaxahortation is introduced; it is taken tions and amusements; and confor granted, that all the clergy are cludes with the motives which can exactly what they ought to be; and alone dictate, and the means which after mutual bows and compli- can alone, under the guidance of ments, the parties often separate the Holy Spirit, secure its right in high good humour with themselves and each other.
* i Cor. ii. 1.
and profitable regulation. Happy youth, and to mould it, while tender and would it be for the church at large, pliable, into the frame wbich will promote
its bappiness here and hereafter. His happy for every individual minister,
people may also be benefited, from time these suggestions of his to time, by the introduction of a youthful Lordship invariably attended to. disciple, who may take delight in treading
Under the pursuits of business, in the steps, and sharing in his little meathe Charge alludes to agriculture, the reader of the Scripture in the cottage. tuition, and the magistracy; the
the subordinate instructor of the Sunday snares and dangers of each of school-the humble but anxious aspirant which are succinctly but admirably after admission, in due time, into that pointed out, and at the same time blessed office, which he will have learnt, the benefits in some instances re
thus early, to understand, to prize, to love,
and to desire. sulting are well illustrated.
But with these advantages this engageOf such pursuits, personal attention to ment has its peculiar evils and temptations: the sources of our pecuniary support, and it cannot but divert much time from tho especially the superintendence of our as-- roughly clerical studies and occupationssigned portion of land, stands obviously it exhausts the spirits and tries the temper the first. That degree of regard to our - it has a tendency to habituate the mind temporal concerns,
which will prevent to a train of ideas, to a tone of feeling and waste, and enable us to “ owe no man any a moral taste, wholly adverse to vital rething," which will maintain our familics in ligion -to make the preacber, in the strong decent comfort, educate our children, and language of Bishop Horsley, “the ape of provide, if possible, some moderate inhe- Epictetus," instead of “ the ambassador of ritance for those whom we leave behind, Christ," and to cast a deadening apathy, cannot, in the present circumstances of the or a sickly refinement over all his ministracburch, be blamed. It is not incompatible' tions, especially in the cottage and among with Christian duly, or with the standard of ministerial spirituality. It is even need
Thanks be to God, this is only a tendful to prevent many scandals and offences, ency, and we have examples of its comwhich neglect and consequent distress plete counteraction.-Pp. 16, 17. would produce. But all beyond the de- On entering upon the second part rotion of any considerable time to these oh- of his subject his Lordship states, jects-the indulgence of anxious solicitude
The relaxations and pleasures of the -the aim at “ much goods laid up in clerical life must be such as become one, store," directly overstep the boundary, and who is by profession a guide to eternity plunge us into sin. Innocent as agricul- who points to heaven and leads the way: tural pursuits, the primitive business of they must be consistent with the character man, appear, even they are found to draw
of a watchman and steward of the Lord, of us down and chain us to the earth; and
one who “ watches for souls that he may our personal occupation of land is, on that
give account *."-P. 23. very account, justly and wisely restrained
To private Christians it has often been by the Legislature within narrow liinits. recommended, as the test of the lawfulness Indeed, the very nature the property, of a diversion, to consider whether, after a which was from the earliest period and by day or an erening thus spent, the devotions Scriptural authority, set apart for the sub- will be as heartily and satisfactorily persistence of the clerical order, clearly proves formed; whether the train of ideas and the intention of secluding us, as much as imaginations, which it generates, will be may be, from worldly cares. The tithe
favourable or unfavourable to a religious severed, the corn in the sheaf, the hay in
frame of mind; and whether the individual the mow, prepared for our use, are so many would be content to be summoned to his mementos of the design of the institution, account from amid such a scene and such in which we hold a place-endowed with
an occupation. To this test, in the case of gratuitous provision, and therefore conse- a clerical dirersion, it must surely be addcrated to the undivided service of our God ed: Will it tend to fit or to unfit you, not and Saviour. -Pp. 12, 13.
only for the punctual but for the cordial In speaking of a clergyman as a discharge of your sacred duties? Will it tutor, his Lordship observes,
leave you as disposed and qualified to lead
the prayers of the congregation with that Accustomed in his parochial career to lively earnestness, that “ spirit of supplim, read characters in a spiritual sense, and to cation," which becomes such matter and suit his advice to each varying shade of dis- such expressions—with the beart obviously position, he will be best calculated to develope and to fix the changeful soul of
* Heb. xiii. 17.
in the work with the whole soul “ draw- delivered from this state, and from me ing nigh unto God ?"
Will it leave you humble hope that we are in some measure as capable and willing to exhort and to sup- thus delivered : a lore, abounding in the plicate by the bed of sickness, with the warmest and liveliest gratitude to this our Christian sympathy of a soul daily intent own Deliverer and Redeemer; a lovc thereupon beavenly things, and inured to the fore ready to overflow in the most selfcontemplation of death and eternity? And denying sacrifices and the most laborious again, how will the sight of the minister efforts to promote the glory and kingdom engaged in such dirersions affect the feel- of that Redeemer, and to bring souls, ings with which his people view him ? equally lost in themselves and yet equally Will it produce in any measure on tlieir precious to him, to the same wholesome parts a contagious indifference and luke- self-knowledge and to the same blessed warmness in their common devotions, and hope of salvation. a want of that, not only mental, but hearty To a heart animated by this motive, assent, that realizing reception of the what business will be fully satisfactory, truths delivered from the pulpit, which can what pleasure truly acceptable, but the bualone give them their full influence and siness and the pleasure of Him that sent power? Will the sight produce in them us—the labours and the joys of the niiany suspicion of their minister's sincerity,- nistry ?-P. 36. any mistrust of the efficacy of his ministra- We proceed one step further before we tions, and, if not a contempt of his per- close. By what means are these invaluable son, yet a contemptuous refusal of that re- dispositions to be introduced and establisbverential regard, with which the ministe- ed in the heart, a soil naturally averse to rial character should always be invested ?- such a culture, and barren of such plants ? Pp. 24, 25.
He, who hath the key of all hearts, re
plies,“ Search the Scriptures *"_“Learn In touching upon objectionable
"L" Ask, (i. e. ask for the Holy amusements, his Lordship recom- Spirit), and it shall be given you; seek, mends the perusal of “ Three Dia- and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be logues on the Amusements of Cler- opened unto you I”—“Daily read and gymen,” intimating, at the same
weigh the Scriptures 8,” not only with
commentaries, as a study for your profestime, that the author yields too
sion, but sometimes alone, as an oracle much for personal safety, and for and a standard for yourselves ; with no the steady maintenance of the stan- comment but that of parallel passages, dard of ministerial example. After comparing spiritual things with spiriadverting to the pleasures of lite- tual.”—Pp. 37, 38. rature, society, &c. he proceeds: Long may such sentiments as
these be impressed on the attendThe most tempting excursion, however innocent and refreshing, should be gladly
ants of an episcopal visitation! sacrificed at the call of duty-the pastor Long may his Lordship be spared should be readily reassumed by the deeply- thus faithfully to discharge the duinterested student—and the man of God ties of his high situation; and may should ever shine through the agreeable companion. Alone or in company, in bu- many, yea all of his clergy, and
those of other dioceses, partake of siness or in pleasure, in the most sublime and pathetic exercises of our profession, his spirit and temper; and then, and in the least intellectual occupations of whatever may be the fears of some our lives, the predominant quality of the or the wishes of others, our Zion mind should, as much as possible, he spi- shall most assuredly be established rituality-the characteristic feature of our conduct should be consistent devotedness to the service of Christ, and of our brethren, for whom Christ died.-Pp. 32, 33. Remarks on the internal Evidence The last passage we can quote
for the Truth of revealed Relirelates to the motives and principles
gion. By Thomas Erskine, Esq.
Advocate.-Edinburgh. 1821. which can alone produce such a
LET no man born on this side character.
the Tweed form any opinion of the It is the love of Christ : a love, springing from a heartfelt consciousness of our * John, v. 39. of Matth. xi. 29.. own guilt and helplessness, from a tho- Matth. vii. 7. rough conviction, that through the blood Ś Vide Exhortation to Priests, in the and intercession alone of Christ we can be Ordination Service,