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We might give other differences also; as that true faith is operative, “purifying the heart,” “ working by love,Gal. v. 6. whild “hypocrites do only cleanse the outside of the platter," and “ do all to be feen of men," " not seeking the honour that is of God only and fo cannot believe :” we might also shew that true faith is never alone in a man, but attended with other (aving graces. But because these things will coincide with what followeth, and here we are fhewing that a man may take up his gracious ftate by his faith, and the acting thereof on Christ, we pass these things.

Chaptery.

OF THE NEW CREATURE.

THE Second great mark of a gracious state

HE and true saving interest in Jesus Christ, is the new creature; “ If any man be in Christ he is a new creature.” This new creation, or renovation of that man, is a veту senfible change; although not in those who are effectually called from the womb, or in their younger years, (because those have had this new creature from that time in them, so as this change in after-periods of time is not discernible) yet in those who have been regenerated and brought in to Christ after they were come to greater age, and so have more palpably been under the “ power of darkness," before they were “ translated into the kingdom of Christ." But all who do warrantably pretend to Christ, this new creature must be; although some do not know experimentally the contraries of every part of it so as others do; because they have not been equally in regard of practice under the power of darkness. This new creature is called the new man, which doth hold out the extent of it. It is not fimply a new tongue or new hand, but a new man. There is a principle of

life and motion put in the man, which is the new

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heart; which new principle of life sendeth forth acts of life, or of " conformity to the image of him who created it," so as the party is renewed in some measure every way. This renovation of the man who is in Christ may be reduced into these two great heads.

First, There is a renovation of the man's person, soul and body, in some measure.

1f. His understanding is renewed, so as he judgeth " Christ preached,” in the gospel to be " the wisdom and power of God," a wise and strong device beseeming God: He knoweth the things of God really and folidly, not to be yea and nay, and uncertain fancies ; but all to be yea and amen, folid, certain, substantial things, having a desirable accomplishment in Chrift; and resolving much in him ; " The natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness unto him ; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned: but he that is fpiritual judgeth all things.” “ As God is true, our word toward you was not yea and nay. For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was peached among you by us, even by me, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in him was yea. For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him amen, unto the glory of God by us." Natural men, educated under gospel-ordinances, altho' they have some notional knowledge of God, Christ, the promises, the motions of the Holy Spirit, so as they may confer, preach, and dispute of these things; yet they look on them as common received maxims of Christianity, from which to recede were a Singularity and disgrace; but not as real, folid, substantial truths, so as to adventure their souls and everlasting being on them. The understanding is renewed also, to take up somewhat of God in the creatures, as bearing sparks of his glorious attributes ; they see the heavens declaring his glory and power, and somewhat of God in providence, and dispensations that fall out : 66. His wondrous works declare that his name is near. The understanding alfo taketh up the conditions and cases of the foul other.

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wife than it was wont to do as we find the saints usual. ly speaking in Scripture, “O my soul, thou haft faid unto the Lord, Thou art my Lord;":6 My foul said, Thy face will I feek ;" 6 Why art thou cast down, O my soul ?" 6 Return unto thy rest, O my foul."

adly. The heart and affections are renewed. The heart is made 6 a new heart, a heart of flesh, capable of impressions, having a copy of his law stamped on it, and the fear of God put into it, whereby the man's duty becometh in a manner native and kindly to the manIt was before a heart of stone, void of the fear of God. The affections are renewed now, : the love is renewed in some good measure ; it goeth out after God; “ I will love the Lord;" after his law,“ how love I thy law !" after those who have God's image in them, “ By this thall all men know that ye are my difciples, if ye have love one to another." 6. We know that we have paffed from death unto life, because we love the brethren." This love to God's people is upon a pure account, as they are the children of God, and do keep his statutes ; it is with a pure heart fervently;" and therefore it goeth towards all fuch whom the man knoweth or apprehendeth to be such ; “ I am a companion of all them that fear thee, and of thern that keep thy precepts,” in all cases and conditions, even where there is nothing to beautify or commend but the image of God. And this love is fo fervent many times, that it putteth itself out in all relations, fo as a man feeketh a godly wife, a godly mafter, a godly fervant, a godly counfellor, if he have to chufe upon; “ Mine eyes shall be upon the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me : he that walketh in a perfect way, he shall serve me." And “ it is not quenched by many waters :” Many imperfections and infirmities, difference in opinion, wrongs received, will not altogether quench love. Also it is communicative of good according to its measure, and as the case of the poor godly requireth ; “ Thou art my Lord, my goodnefs extendeth not to thee, but to the saints ; But whofu hath this world's good, and feeth his brother have need,

and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him ? My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue, but in deed and in truth. And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.” The man's hatred is also renewed, and is now bended against sin; “I hare vain thoughts ;" against God's enemies, as such, “ Do not I hate them that hate thee ?” &c. The joy or delight is renewed, for it rünneth towards God; 66 Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire besides thee :” towards his law and will; “ His delight is in the law of the Lord :" and towards the godly and their fellowship; “ To the saints, in whom is all my delight." The forrow is turned against fin which hath wronged Christ : “ Looking to him whom they have pierced, they mourn. “ T'he forrow is godly” there, and againit what encroacheth upon God's honor. 6. They are sorrowful for the folemn af sembly, and the reproach of that is their burden.” There is some renovation in all the affections, as in er part of the foul pointing now towards God.

3dly. The very outward members of the man are renewed, as the Scripture speaks, the tongue, the eye, the car, the hand, the foot, fo that “ those members which once were improved as weapons of unrighteousness unio fin, are now improved as weapons of righteousness unto holiless."

Secondly. A man who is in Christ is renewed in fome measure in all his ways: “ Behold, all things are become The man becometh new, ist. In the way

of his interest. He was upon any good before, though but ap. parent, and at belt but external ; " Many say, who will fhew us any good ?” but now his interest and businefs is, how to be found in Christ," in that day, or how to be forthcoming to him, and “ walk before him in the light of the living," which he would chuse among all the mercies that fill this earth; « The earth, O Lord, is full of thy mercy, teach me thy statutes." The interest of Christ also becometh the man's intereft, as appeareth in

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the song of Hannah, and in the song of Mary. It is strangeto see people newly converted, and having reached but the beginning of knowledge, concern and interest themselves in the public matters of Christ's kingdom, so desirous to have him riding prosperoufly, and subdü. ing the people under him.

2dly. The man that is in Chrift, is renewed in the way of his worship. He was wont to “ serve God in the oldness of the letter,” for the fashion, answering the letter of the command in theoutside of duty, which one in whom the old man hath abfolute dominion can do; but now he worshippeth God " in newnefs of spirit," in a new way, wherein he is “helped by the Spirit of God," beyond the reach of flesh and blood. He “ferveth now the true and living God, in spirit and in truth," having spiritual apprehensions of God, and engaged in his very foul in that work, doing and saying truly and not feignedly when he worshippeth ; ftill - defiring to approach unto him as a living God, who heareth and seeth him, and can accept his service. I grant he fails of this many times; yet I may say, fuch worship he intendeth, and sometimes overtaketh, and doth not much reckon that worship which is not so performed unto God; and the iniquity of his holy things is not the least part of his burden and exercile. Such a worship natural men are strangers unto, whilst they babble out their vain-glorious boastings, like the Pharisee, “ to an unknown God."

3dly. The man that is in Christ is renewed in the way of his outward calling and employment in the world; he now refolveth to be about it, because God hath commanded so ; “ Not slothful in business, fervent in spirit, ferving the Lord ;” and to eye God in it as the last end, “ doing it to his glory ;” and studieth to keep some intercourse with God in the exercise of his outward employments, as Jacob doth in his latter-will, “ I have waiied for thy salvation, O Lord ;". and as Nehemiah did, * Then the King said unto me, for what dost thou make request ? So I prayed to the God of heaven;" so as the

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