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O pride celestial! which can pride disdain ; Thus Nature's self, supporting man's decree, o blest ambition! which can ne'er be vain. Styles Britain's sovereign, sovereign of the sea.

From one fam'd Alpine hill, which props the sky, While sea and air,great Brunswick! shook our state, In whose deep womb unfathom'd waters lie, And sported with a king's and kingdom's fate, Here burst the Rhone and sounding Po; there shine, Depriv'd of what she loy’d, and press'd by fear In infant rills, the Danube and the Rhine; Of ever losing what she held most dear, From the rich store one fruitful urn supplies, How did Britannia, like Achilles, weep, Whole kingdoms smile, a thousand harvests rise. And tell her sorrows to the kindred deep!

In Brunswick such a source the Muse adores, Hang o'er the floods, and, in devotion warm, Which public blessings through half Europe pours. Strive, for thee, with the surge, and fight the storm! When his heart burns with such a godlike aim, What felt thy Walpole, pilot of the realm ! Angels and George are rivals for the fame; Our Palinurus slept not at the helm ; George, who in foes can soft affections raise, His eye ne'er clos'd ; long since inur'd to wake, And charm envenom'd satire into praise.

And out-watch every star for Brunswick's sake: Nor human rage alone his power perceives, By thwarting passions tost, by cares opprest, But the mad winds, and the tumultuous waves.* He found the tempest pictur'd in his breast : E'en storms (Death's fiercest ministers !) forbear, But, now, what joys that gloom of heart dispel, And, in their own wild empire, learn to spare. No powers of language- but his own, can tell;

His own, which Nature and the Graces form, * The king in danger by sea.

At will, to raise, or hush the civil storm.



MARK AKENSIDE was born in 1721, at Newcas- practice and reputation increased ; so that, on the tle-upon-Tyne, where his father was a substantial setilement of the Queen's household, he was apbutcher. After receiving an education, first at a pointed one of her Majesty's physicians—an honor grammar-school, and then at a private academy at for which he is supposed to have been indebted to his native place, he was sent to the University of Mr. Dyson. It is affirmed that Dr. Akenside asEdinburgh, for the purpose of being fitted for a sumed a haughtiness and ostentation of manner Dissenting minister. He soon, however, exchanged which was not calculated to ingratiate him with his his studies for those of medicine ; and, after con- brethren of the faculty, or to render him generally tinuing three years at Edinburgh, he removed to acceptable. He died of a putrid fever, in June Leyden, where he took the degree of M. D. in 1744. 1770, in the forty-ninth year of his age. In the same year, his poem “On the Pleasures of

Respecting his poem “On the Pleasures of the the Imagination" made its appearance, which was Imagination," of which Addison's papers in the Spec. received with great applause, and raised the author tator are the groundwork, it would be an injury to at once into poetical fame. It was soon followed deny him the claims of an original writer, which he by a warm invective against the celebrated Pulteney, merited by the expansion of the plan of this prose Earl of Bath, in an “ Epistle to Curio.” In 1745 original, and by enriching its illustrations from the he published ten Odes on different subjects, and in stores of philosophy and poetry. No poem of so various styles and manners. All these works char- elevated and abstracted a kind was ever so popular. acterized him as a zealous votary of Grecian phi- It went through several editions soon after its aplosophy and classical literature, and an ardent lover pearance, and is still read with enthusiasm by those of liberty. He continued, from time to time, to who have acquired a relish for the conceptions of publish his poetical effusions, most of which first pure poetry, and the strains of numerous blank verse. appeared in Dodsley's collection. Of these, the most The author was known to have been employed considerable is, a “ Hymn to the Naiads.”

many years in correcting, or rather new-modelling, His professional career affords few incidents worth this work; but the unfinished draught of this design recording. He settled for a short time at Northamp- seems to have rendered it probable that the piece ton; then removed to Hampstead; and finally fixed, would have lost as much in poetry as it would have himself in London. While his practice was small, gained in philosophy. he was generously assisted by his friend, Mr. Jere Of his other poems, the Hymn to the Naiads is miah Dyson, who made him an allowance of 3001. the longest and best. With the purest spirit of clasper annum. He pursued the regular course to ad- sical literature, it contains much mythological ingevancement, becoming Fellow of the Royal Society. nuity, and many poetical ideas, beautifully expressed. Physician to St. Thomas's Hospital, Doctor of Physic In his lyric productions, the copiousness and elevaby mandamus at Cambridge, and Fellow of the Lon- tion of thought does not compensate for the total don College of Physicians. He also published seve-want of grace, ease, and appropriate harmony. The ral occasional pieces on medical subjects, among only sparks of animation which they exhibit, occur which was a Treatise on the Epidemic Dysentery of when they touch on political topics ; and it is in these 1764, written in elegant Latin. By these efforts his instances alone we have ventured to select them.


The bloom of Nature, and before him turn
The gayest, happiest attitude of things.

Oft have the laws of each poetic strain
The critic-verse employ'd ; yet still unsung

Lay this prime subject, though importing most
PLEASURES OF IMAGINATION. A poet's naine: for fruitless is th' attempt,

By dull obedience and by creeping toil

Obscure to conquer the severe ascent

of high Parnassus. Nature's kindling breath

Must fire the chosen genius; Nature's hand Ασεβάσμέν έσιν άνθρωπο της παρά το θες χάρθας ατιμάζειν. Must string his nerves, and imp his eagle-wings Epict. apud Arrian. II. 13. Impatient of the painful steep, 10 soar

High as the summit; there to breathe at large

Ethereal air; with bards and sages old,
Immortal sons of praise. These fattering scenes,

To this neglected labor court my song ;
Book I.

Yet not unconscious what a doubtful task

To paint the finest features of the mind,

And to most subtle and mysterious things

Give color, strength, and motion. But the love The subject proposed. Difficulty of treating it of Nature and the Muses bids explore,

poetically. The ideas of the Divine Mind, the Through secret paths erewhile untrod by man, origin of every quality pleasing to the imagina. The fair poetic region, to detect tion. The natural variety of constitution in the Untasted springs. 10 drink inspiring draughts, minds of men ; with its final cause. The idea And shade my temples with unfading flowers of a fine imagination, and the state of the mind Culld from the laureate vale's profound recess, in the enjoyment of those pleasures which it af- Where never poet gain'd a wreath before. fords. All the primary pleasures of the imagina From Heaven my strains begin; from Heaven tion result from the perception of greatness, or

descends wonderfulness, or beauty, in objects. The plea. The flame of genius to the human breast, sure from greatness, with its final cause. Pleasure and love and beauty, and poetic joy from novelty or wonderfulness, with its final And inspiration. Ere the radiant Sun cause. Pleasure from beauty, with its final cause. Sprang from the east, or 'mid the vault of night 'The connexion of beauty with truth and good, The Moon suspended her serener lamp; applied to the conduct of life. Invitation to the Ere mountains, woods, or streams, adorn'd the globe, study of moral philosophy. The different degrees Or Wisdom taught the sons of men her lore ; of beauty in different species of objects : color; Then liv'd th' Almighty One: then, deep retir'd shape; natural concretes ; vegetables; animals; In his unfathom'd essence, view'd the forms, the mind. The sublime, the fair, the wonderful The forms eternal of created things; of the mind. The connexion of the imagination The radiant Sun, the Moon's nocturnal lamp, and the moral faculty. Conclusion.

The mountains, woods and streams, the rolling globe,

And Wisdom's mien celestial. From the first
With what attractive charms this goodly frame of days, on them his love divine he fix'd,
Of Nature touches the consenting hearts

His admiration : till in time complete,
Of mortal men; and what the pleasing stores What he admir'd and lov’d, his vital smile
Which beauteous imitation thence derives

Unfolded into being. Hence the breath
To deck the poet's, or the painter's toil;

Of life informing each organic frame, My verse unfolds. Attend, ye gentle powers Hence the green earth, and wild resounding waves of musical delight! and while I sing

Hence light and shade alternate ; warmth and cold Your gifts, your honors, dance around my strain. And clear autumnal skies and vernal showers, Thou, smiling queen of every tuneful breast, And all the fair variety of things. Indulgent Fancy! from the fruitful banks

But not alike to every mortal eye Of Avon, whence thy rosy fingers cull

Is this great scene unveil'd. For since the claims Fresh flowers and dews to sprinkle on the turf Of social life, to different labors urge Where Shakspeare lies, be present: and with thee The active powers of man! with wise intent Let Fiction come, upon her vagrant wings

The hand of Nature on peculiar minds
Wafting ten thousand colors through the air, Imprints a different bias, and to each
Which, by the glances of her magic eye,

Decrees its province in the common toil.
She blends and shifts at will, through countless forms, To some she taught the fabric of the sphere,
Her wild creation. Goddess of the lyre,

The changeful Moon, the circuit of the stars, Which rules the accents of the moving sphere, The golden zones of Heaven; to some she gave Wilt thou, eternal Harmony! descend

To weigh the moment of eternal things, And join this festive train ? for with thee comes Of time, and space, and Fate's unbroken chain, The guide, the guardian of their lovely sports, And will's quick impulse : others by the hand Majestic Truth; and where Truth deigns to come, She led o'er vales and mountains, to explore Her sister Liberty will not be far.

What healing virtue swells the tender veins Be present, all ye genii, who conduct

of herbs and flowers; or what the beams of morn The wandering footsteps of the youthful bard, Draw forth, distilling from the clefied rind New to your springs and shades: who touch his ear In balmy tears. But some, to higher hopes With finer sounds : who heighten to his eye Were destin'd; some within a finer mould

She wrought, and temper'd with a purer flame. That breathes from day to day sublimer things,
To these the Sire Omnipotent unfolds

And mocks possession? wherefore darts the mind,
The world's harmonious volume, there to read With such resistless ardor to embrace
The transcript of himself. On every part

Majestic forms; impatient to be free,
They trace the bright impressions of his hand : Spurning the gross control of wilful might;
In earth or air, the meadow's purple stores, Proud of the strong contention of her toils;
The Moon's mild radiance, or the virgin's form Proud to be daring? Who but rather turns
Blooming with rosy smiles, they see portray'd To Heaven's broad fire his unconstrained view,
That uncreated beauty, which delights

Than to the glimmering of a waxen fame?
The mind supreme. They also feel her charms, Who that, from Alpine heights, his laboring eye
Enamour'd; they partake the eternal joy.

Shoots round the wide horizon, to survey
For as old Memmon's image, long renown'd Nilus or Ganges rolling his bright wave
By fabling Nilus, to the quivering touch

Through mountains, plains, through empires black of Titan's ray, with each repulsive string

with shade
Consenting, sounded through the warbling air And continents of sand; will turn his gaze
Unbidden strains; even so did Nature's hand To mark the windings of a scanty rill
To certain species of external things,

That murmurs at his feet? The high-born soul
Attune the finer organs of the mind :

Disdains to rest her heaven-aspiring wing
So the glad impulse of congenial powers,

Beneath its native quarry. Tird of Earth
Or of sweet sounds, or fair-proportion'd form, And this diurnal scene, she springs aloft
The grace of motion, or the bloom of light, Through fields of air; pursues the flying storm;
Thrills through Imagination's tender frame, Rides on the volley'd lightning through the Heavens;
From nerve to nerve: all naked and alive,

Or, yok'd with whirlwinds and the northern blast,
They catch the spreading rays; till now the soul Sweeps the long tract of day. Then high she soars
At length discloses every tuneful spring,

The blue profound, and hovering round the Sun To that harmonious movement from without Beholds him pouring the redundant stream Responsive. Then the inexpressive strain

Of light; beholds his unrelenting sway Diffuses its enchantment: Fancy dreams

Bend the reluctant planets to absolve Of sacred fountains and Elysian groves,

The fated rounds of Time. Thence far effus'd
And vales of bliss : the intellectual power

She darts her swiftness up the long career
Bends from his awful throne a wondering ear, Of devious comels; through its burning signs
And smiles : the passions, gently sooth'd away, Exulting measures the perennial wheel
Sink to divine repose, and love and joy

Of Nature, and looks back on all the stars,
Alone are waking ; love and joy serene

Whose blended light, as with a milky zone, As airs that fan the summer. O! attend,

Invests the orient. Now amaz'd she views Whoe'er thou art, whom these delights can touch, The empyreal waste, where happy spirits hold, Whose candid bosom the refining love

Beyond this concave Heaven, their calm abode; Of Nature warms, O listen to my song ;

And fields of radiance, whose unfading light And I will guide thee to her favorite walks, Has travell’d the profound six thousand years, And teach thy solitude her voice to hear,

Nor yet arrives in sight of mortal things. And point her loveliest features to thy view. Even on the barriers of the world untir'd

Know then, whate'er of Nature's pregnant stores, She meditates the eternal depth below; Whate'er of mimic Art's reflected forms

Till half recoiling, down the headlong steep With love and admiration thus inflame

She plunges; soon o'erwhelm'd and swallow'd up The powers of fancy, her delighted sons

In that immense of being. There her hopes To three illustrious orders have referr'd;

Rest at the fated goal. For from the birth
Three sister-graces, whom the painter's hand, Of mortal man, the sovereign Maker said,
The poet's tongue, confesses; the sublime,

That not in humble nor in brief delight,
The wonderful, the fair. I see them dawn! Not in the fading echoes of Renown,
I see the radiant visions, where they rise, Power's purple robes, nor Pleasure's flowery lap,
More lovely than when Lucifer displays

The soul should find enjoyment: but from these
His beaming forehead through the gates of morn, Turning disdainful to an equal good,
To lead the train of Phæbus and the Spring. Through all the ascent of things enlarge her view,
Say, why was man so eminently rais'd

Till every bound at length should disappear,
Amid the vast creation ; why ordain'd

And infinite perfection close the scene.
Through life and death to dart his piercing eye, Call now to mind what high capacious powers
With thoughts beyond the limit of his frame; Lie folded up in man; how far beyond
But that the Omnipotent might send him forth The praise of mortals, may the eternal growth
In sight of mortal and immortal powers,

Of Nature to perfection half divine,
As on a boundless theatre, to run

Expand the blooming soul? What pity then The great career of justice; to exalt

Should sloth's unkindly fogs depress to Earth
His generous aim to all diviner deeds ;

Her tender blossom; choke the streams of life,
To chase each partial purpose from his breast; And blast her spring! Far otherwise design'd
And through the mists of passion and of sense, Almighty Wisdom; Nature's happy cares
And through the tossing tide of chance and pain, The obedient heart far otherwise incline.
To hold his course unfaltering, while the voice Witness the sprightly joy when aught unknown
Of Truth and Virtue, up the steep ascent

Strikes the quick sense, and wakes each active power
Of Nature, calls him to his high reward,

To brisker measures : witness the neglect
The applauding smile of Heaven? Else wherefore burns of all familiar prospects, though beheld
In mortal bosoms this unquenched hope,

With transport once; the fond attentive gaze

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Of young astonishment; the sober zeal

To thee nor Tempé shall refuse; nor watch
Of age, commenting on prodigious things,

Of winged Hydra guard Hesperian fruits
For such the bounteous Providence of Heaven, From thy free spoil. O bear then, unreprov'd
In every breast implanting this desire

Thy smiling treasures to the green recess
Of objects new, and strange, to urge us on Where young Dione stays. With sweetest airs
With unremitted labor to pursue

Entice her forth to lend her angel-form Those sacred stores that wait the ripening soul, For Beauty's honor'd image. Hither turn In Truth's exhaustless bosom. What nced words Thy graceful footsteps; hither, gentle maid To paint its power? For this the daring youth Incline thy polish'd forehead : let thy eyes Breaks from his weeping mother's anxious arms, Effuse the mildness of their azure dawn; In foreign climes to rove: the pensive sage, And may the fanning breezes waft aside Heedless of sleep, or midnight's harmful damp, Thy radiant locks : disclosing, as it bends Hangs o'er the sickly taper; and untir'd

With airy softness from the marble neck, The virgin follows, with enchanted step,

The cheek fair-blooming, and the rosy lip, The mazes of some wild and wondrous tale, Where winning smiles and pleasures sweet as love From morn to eve; unmindful of her form, With sanctity and wisdom, tempering blend Unmindful of the happy dress that stole

Their soft allurement. Then the pleasing force The wishes of the youth, when every maid Of Nature, and her kind parental care, With envy pin'd. Hence, finally, by night Worthier I'd sing : then all the enamour'd youth, The village-matron, round the blazing hearth, With each admiring virgin, to my lyre Suspends the infant-audience with her tales, Should throng attentive, while I point on high Breathing astonishment! of witching rhymes, Where Beauty's living image, like the morn And evil spirits; of the death-bed call

That wakes in Zephyr's arms the blushing May, Of him who robb'd the widow, and devour'd Moves onward; or as Venus, when she stood The orphan's portion; of unquiet souls

Effulgent on the pearly car, and smild, Risen from the grave to ease the heavy guilt Fresh from the deep, and conscious of her form, Of deeds in life conceal’d; of shapes that walk To see the Tritons tune their vocal shells, At dead of night, and clank their chains, and wave And each cerulean sister of the flood The torch of Hell around the murderer's bed. With loud acclaim attend her o'er the waves, At every solemn pause the crowd recoil,

To seek the Idalian bower. Ye smiling band Gazing each other speechless, and congeal'd Of youths and virgins, who through all the maze With shivering sighs; ull eager for the event, Of young desire with rival steps pursue A round the beldame all erect they hang,

This charm of beauiy; if the pleasing toil Each trembling heart with grateful terrors quell’d. Can yield a moment's respite, hither turn

But lo! disclos'd in all her smiling pomp, Your favorable ear, and trust my words. Where beauty onward moving claims the verse I do not mean to wake the gloomy form Her charms inspire: the freely-flowing verse Of Superstition dress'd in Wisdom's garb, In thy immortal praise, O form divine,

To damp your tender hopes; I do not mean Smooths her mellifluent stream. Thee, Beauty, thee, To bid the jealous thunderer fire the heavens, The regal dome, and thy enlivening ray

Or shapes infernal rend the groaning Earth The mossy roofs adore : thou, better Sun!

To fright you from your joys: my cheerful song For ever beamest on the enchanted heart

With better omens calls you to the field, Love, and harmonious wonder, and delight Pleas’d with your generous ardor in the chase, Poetic. Brightest progeny of Heaven!

And warm like you. Then tell me, for ye know, How shall I trace 'ihy features? where select Does Beauty ever deign to dwell where health The roseate hues to emulate thy bloom ?

And active use are strangers ? Is her charm Haste then, my song, through Nature's wide expanse, Confess'd in aught, whose most peculiar ends Haste then, and gather all her comeliest wealth, Are lame and fruitless ? Or did Nature mean Whate'er bright spoils the florid earth contains, This pleasing call the herald of a lie ; Whate'er the waters, or the liquid air,

To hide the shame of discord and disease,
To deck thy lovely labor. Wilt thou fly

And catch with fair hypocrisy the heart
With laughing Autumn to the Atlantic isles, of idle faith? O no! with better cares
And range with him the Hesperian field, and see The indulgent mother, conscious how infirm
Where'er his fingers touch the fruitful grove, Her offspring tread the paths of good and ill,
The branches shoot with gold ; where'er his step By this illustrious image, in each kind
Marks the glad soil, the tender clusters grow Still most illustrious where the object holds
With purple ripeness, and invest each hill

Its native powers most perfect, she by this
As with the blushes of an evening sky ?

Illumes the headstrong impulse of desire, Or wilt thou rather stoop thy vagrant plume,

And sanctifies his choice. The generous glebe Where gliding through his daughter's honor'd shades, Whose bosom smiles with verdure, the clear tract The smooth Peneus from his glassy flood

Of streams delicious to the thirsty soul,
Reflects purpureal Tempé's pleasant scene? The bloom of nectar'd fruitage ripe to sense,
Fair Tempé! haunt belov'd of sylvan powers, And every charm of animated things,
Of Nymphs and Fauns; where in the golden age Are only pledges of a siate sincere,
They play'd in secret on the shady brink

The integrity and order of their frame,
With ancien: Pan: while round their choral steps When all is well within, and every end
Young Hours and genial Gales with constant hand Accomplish’d. Thus was Beauty sent from Heaven,
Shower'd blossoms, odors, shower'd ambrosial dews, The lovely ministress of truth and good
And Spring's Elysian bloom. Her flowery store In this dark world : for truth and good are one,

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