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The fort of Greece! without one giddy hour, In whom each virtue wore a smiling air,
Each science shed o'er life a friendly light,
And the whole eastern ocean, waving far
As eye could dart its vision, nobly checkd,
Of Marathon, my keen Athenians drove
Before their ardent band, an host of slaves. Confin’d, and press’d into laconic force.
“ Hence through the continentien thousand There, too, by rooting thence still treacherous self,
Of victories can reach. Deserts, in vain,
Oppos'd their course ; and hostile lands, unknown; For that they liv'd entire, and ev'n for that And deep rapacious floods, dire-bankd with death; The tender mother urg'd her son to die.
And mountains, in whose jaws destruction grinn'd, “ Of softer genius, but not less intent
Hunger, and toil; Armenian snows, and storms; To seize the palm of empire, Athens rose : And circling myriads still of barbarous foes. Where, with bright marbles big and future pomp, Greece in their view, and glory yet untouchd, Hymettus* spread, amid the scented sky, Their steady column pierc'd the scaltering herds, His thymy treasures to the laboring bee,
Which a whole empire pour d; and held its way And to botanic band the stores of health:
Triumphant, by the sage-exalted chieft Wrapt in a soul-attenuating clime,
Fir'd and sustain'd. Oh, light and force of mind, Between lissus and Cephissust glow'd
Almost almighty in severe extremes ! This hive of science, shedding sweets divine, The sea at last from Colchian mountains seen, Or active arts, and animated arms.
Kind-hearted transport round their captains threw There, passionate for me, an easy-mor’d,
The soldiers' fond embrace; o'erflow'd their eyes A quick, refin'd, a delicate, humane,
With tender floods, and loos'd the general voice, Enlightend people reign'd. Oft on the brink To cries resounding loud — The sea! the sea." Of ruin, hurried by the charm of speech,
“ In Attic bounds hence heroes, sages, wits, Enforcing hasty counsel immature,
Shone thick as stars, the milky-way of Greece! Totter'd the rash democracy ; unpois'd,
And though gay wit and pleasing grace was theirs, And by the rage devour'd, that ever tears
All the soft modes of elegance and ease ;
Yet was not courage less, the patient touch
My spirit pours a vigor through the soul,
Athenians thus not less intrepid burst
Of mirthful quarrel, and of witty war, In government well-pois'd, adjusted best
Incessant struggled taste refining taste, To public weal : in countries cultur'd high : And friendly free discussion, calling forth In ornamented towns, where order reigns,
From the fair jewel truth its latent ray. Free social life, and polish'd manners fair : O'er all shone out the great Athenian saget In exercise, and arms; arms only drawn
And father of philosophy: the sun, For common Greece, to quell the Persian pride : From whose white blaze emerg'd, each various sect In moral science, and in graceful arts.
Took various tints, but with diminish'd beam. Hence, as for glory peacefully they strove,
Tutor of Athens! he, in every street, The prize grew greater, and the prize of all. Dealt priceless treasure ! goodness his delight, By contest brighten'd, hence the radiant youth Wisdom his wealth, and glory his reward. Pour'd every beam ; by generous pride inflamd, Deep through the human heart, with playful art, Felt every ardor burn: their great reward His simple question stole: as into truth, The verdant wreath, which sounding Pisay gave. And serious deeds, he smild the laughing race ; Hence flourish'd Greece; and hence a race of Taught moral happy life, whate'er can bless, men,
Or grace mankind; and what he taught he was. As gods by conscious future times ador'd :
Compounded high, though plain, his doctrine broke
In different schools. The bold poetic phrase A mountain near Athens.
of figur'd Plato; Xenophon's pure strain,
Like the clear brook that steals along the vale ; + Two rivers, betwixt which Athens was situated.
Dissecting truth, the Stagyrite's keen eye; 1 The Areopagus, or supreme court of judicature, which Solon reformed and improved; and the council of four The slow-consenting Academic doubt;
Th' exalted Stoic pride; the Cynic sneer ; hundred, by him instituted. In this council all affairs of state were deliberated, before they came to be voted in And, joining bliss to virtue, the glad ease the assembly of the people. $ Or Olympia, the city where the Olympic games were
* The straits of Thermopylæ. celebrated.
Or Epicurus, seldom understood.
In tresses, braided gay, the marble wav'd; They, ever candid, reason still oppos'd
Flow'd in loose robes, or thin transparent veils; To reason; and, since virtue was their aim, Sprung into motion ; sofien'd into flesh; Each by sure practice tried to prove his way Was fir'd to passion, or refin'd to soul. The best. Then stood untouch'd the solid base Nor less thy pencil, with creative touch, Of Liberty, the liberty of mind :
Shed mimic life, when all thy brightest dame For systems yet, and soul-enslaving creeds,
Assembled, Zeuxis in his Helen mix'd. Slept with the monsters of succeeding times. And when A pelles, who peculiar knew From priestly darkness sprung th' enlightening arts To give a grace that more than mortal smild, Of fire, and sword, and rage, and horrid names. The soul of beauty! call’d the queen of Love,
“0), Greece! thou sapient nurse of finer arts ! Fresh from the billows, blushing orient charms. Which to bright science blooming fancy bore, Ev'n such enchantment then thy pencil pour’d, Be this thy praise, that thou, and thou alone, That cruel-thoughted War th' impatient torch In these hast led the way, in these excell’d, Dash'd to the ground ; and, rather than destroy Crown'd with the laurel of assenting time. The patriot picture, let the city 'scape.t
In thy full language, speaking mighty things ; First elder Sculpture taught her sister Art Like a clear torrent close, or else diffus'd
Correct design; where great ideas shone, A broad majestic stream, and rolling on
And in the secret trace expression spoke : Through all the winding harmony of sound : Taught her the graceful attitude; the turn, In it the power of eloquence, at large,
And beauteous airs of head; the native act, Breath'd the persuasive or pathetic soul;
Or bold, or easy; and, cast free behind, Sull'd by degrees the democratic storm,
The swelling mantle's well-adjusted flow. Or bade it threatening rise, and tyrants shook, Then the bright Muse, their elder sister, came; Flush'd at the head of their victorious troops. And bade her follow where she led the way: In it the Muse, her fury never quench d,
Bade earth, and sea, and air, in colors rise ; By mean unyielding phrase, or jarring sound, And copious action on the canvas glow: Her unconfin'd divinity display'd;
Gave her gay fable ; spread invention's store ; And, still harmonious, form'd it to her will: Enlarg'd her view ; taught composition high, Or soft depress'd it to the shepherd's moan, And just arrangement, circling round one point, Or rais'd it swelling to the tongue of gods. That starts to sight, binds and commands the whole
“ Heroic song was thine; the fountain-bard, * Caught from the heavenly Muse a nobler aim, Whence each poetic stream derives its course. And, scorning the soft trade of mere delight, Thine the dread moral scene, thy chief delight! O'er all thy temples, porticoes, and schools, Where idle Fancy durst not mix her voice, Heroic deeds she trac'd, and warm display'd When Reason spoke august; the fervent heart Each moral beauty to the ravish'd eye. Or plain'd, or stormd ; and in th' impassion'd man, There, as th' imagin'd presence of the god Concealing art with art, the poet sunk.
Arous'd the mind, or vacant hours induc'd This poient school of manners, (but when left Calm contemplation, or assembled youth To loose neglect, a land-corrupting plague,) Burn'd in ambitious circle round the sage, Was not unworthy deem'd of public care, The living lesson stole into the heart, And boundless cost, by thee; whose every son, With more prevailing force than dwells in words. Evin last mechanic, the true taste possess'd These rouse to glory ; while, to rural life, of what had flavor to the nourish'd soul.
The softer canvas oft repos'd the soul. “ The sweet enforce of the poetic strain, There gaily broke the sun-illumin'd cloud ; Thine was the meaning music of the heart. The lessening prospect, and the mountain blue, Not the vain trill, that, void of passion, runs Vanish'd in air; the precipice frown'd, dire; In giddy mazes, tickling idle ears ;
White, down the rock the rushing torrent dash'd ; But that deep-searching voice, and artful hand, The Sun shone, trembling, o'er the distant main; To which respondent shakes the varied soul. The tempest foam'd, immense ; the driving storm - Thy fair ideas, thy delightful forms,
Sadden'd the skies, and, from the doubling gloom, By Love imagin’d, by the Graces touch'd,
On the scath'd oak the ragged lightning fell; 'The boast of well-pleas'd Nature! Sculpture seiz'd, In closing shades, and where the current strays, And bade them ever smile in Parian stone. With peace, and love, and innocence around, Selecting beauty's choice, and that again
Pip'd the lone shepherd to his feeding flock: Exalting, blending in a perfect whole,
Round happy parents smild their younger selves; Thy workmen left ev'n Nature's self behind. And friends convers’d, by death divided long. From those far different, whose prolific band
“ To public Virtue thus the smiling Arts, Peoples a nation ; they, for years on years,
Unblemish'd handmaids, serv'd! the Graces they By the cool touches of judicious toil,
To dress this fairest Venus. Thus rever'd,
And plac'd beyond the reach of sordid care,
| When Demetrius besieged Rhodes, and could have Or the sly graces of the Cyprian queen.
reduced the city, by setting fire to that quarter of it Minutely perfect all! Each dimple sunk,
where stood the house of the celebrated Protogencs, he And every muscle swell’d, as Nature taught. chose rather to raise the siege, than hazard the burning
of a famous picture called Jalysus, the masterpiece of Homer.
Courted by kings, and by contending states When Xerxes pour'd his millions o'er the land,
Sparta, by turns, and Athens, vilely sued;
Their country's bravest blood, and on themselves
To turn their matchless mercenary arms.
Effected what his steel could ne'er perform.
Their tottering states; their wild assemblies ruld
As the winds turn at every blast the seas :
And by their listed orators, whose breath
To sordid peace.t-Peace! that, when Sparta
shook Of rolling ages, light as fabrics look'd
Astonish'd Artaxerxes on his throne, That from the magic wand aërial rise.
Gave up, fair-spread o'er Asia's sunny shore, " These were the wonders that illumin’d Greece, Their kindred cities, lo perpetual chains. From end to end."--Here interrupting warm, What could so base, so infamous a thought, “Where are they now?" I cried, “say, goddess, In Spartan hearts inspire ? Jealous, they saw where?
Respiring Athens rear again her walls ;I And what the land thy darling thus of old ?” And the pale fury fir'd them, once again · Sunk!” she resum'd: “deep in the kindred To crush this rival city to the dust. gloom
For now no more the noble social soul of superstition, and of slavery, sunk!
Of Liberty my families combin'd;
Dire as when friends are rankled into foes,
Nor felt they, furious, their exhausted force ; Of imitation in their breast awake.
Nor, with false glory, discord, madness blind, Ev'n, to supply the needful arts of life,
Saw how the blackening storm from Thracia came. Mechanic toil denies the hopeless hand.
Long years rollid on, by many a battle stain’d,$ Scarce any trace remaining, vestige grey,
The blush and boast of Fame! where courage, art, Or nodding column on the desert shore,
And military glory, shone supreme:
Of Greece self-mangled, turn the sickening eye.
Her latest heroes, Nicias, Conon, lay,
Agesilaus, and the Theban Friends://
By the dire scent of Chæronea lurd, of light unworthy, the degenerate race;
And, fierce-descending, seiz'd his hapless prey. And fires them oft with pestilential rays :
“Thus tame submitted to the victor's yoke While Earth, blue poison steaming on the skies, Greece, once the gay, the turbulent, the bold; Indignant, shakes them from her troubled sides. For every Grace, and Muse, and Science born; But as from man to man, Fate's first decree, With arts of war, of government, elate; Impartial Death the tide of riches rolls,
To tyrants dreadful, dreadful to the best;
Whom I myself could scarcely rule: and thus
* So the kings of Persia were called by the Greeks. Sooner I mov'd my much-reluctant flight,
† The peace made by Antalcidas, the Lacedæmonian Pois'd on the doubtful wing: when Greece with admiral, with the Persians; by which the Lacedæmoni. Greece
ans abandoned all the Greeks established in the Lesser
Asia to the dominion of the king of Persia.
| Athens had been dismantled by the Lacedæmonians, But, false to freedom, sought to quell the free;
at the end of the first Peloponnesian war, and was at
this time restored by Conon to its former splendor Broke the firm band of peace, and sacred love That lent the whole irrefragable force;
§ The Peloponnesian war. And, as around the partial trophy blush’d,
| Pelopidas and Epaminondas. Prepar'd the way for total overthrow.
The battle of Chæronea, in which Philip of Mace. Then to the Persian power, whose pride they scorn'd, don utterly defeated the Greeks.
BEING THE THIRD PART OF
And guardian vigor of the free-born soul,
And the Ceraunian hills behind me thrown, All crude attempts of violence are vain;
All Latiun stood arous'd. Ages before, For, firm within, and while at heart untouch'd, Great mother of republics! Greece had pour’d. Ne'er yet by force was Freedom overcome. Swarm after swarm, her ardent youth around. But soon as Independence stoops the head,
On Asia, Afric, Sicily, they stoop'd, To vice enslav'd, and vice-created wants ;
But chief on fair Hesperia's winding shore;
And cities rose, on Grecian models form'd;
Each had imbib'd. Besides, to each assign'd
A guardian genius, o'er the public weal,
Or more sublime, the soul infus'd by me:
And strong the battle rose, with various wave,
Their flows of fortune, and receding times,
But almost all below the proud regard
ment of Liberty in Rome, it begins with a view That truth beyond the flight of fable bore. of the Grecian colonies settled in the southern
Not so the Samian sage ;t to him belongs parts of Italy, which with Sicily constituted the The brightest witness of recording fame. Great Greece of the ancients. With these colo. For these free states his native islet forsook, nies the spirit of Liberty, and of republics, and a vain tyrant's transitory smile; spreads over Italy. Transition to Pythagoras and
He sought Crotona's pure salubrious air, his philosophy, which he taught through those And through Great Greecej his gentle wisdom taugła free states and cities. Amidst the many small Wisdom that calm'd for listening years the mind,l! republics in Italy, Rome the destined seat of His mental eye first lanch'd into the deeps
Nor ever heard amid the storm of zeal. Liberty. Her establishment there dated from the expulsion of the Tarquins. How differing of boundless ether; where unnumber'd orbs, from that in Greece. Reference to a view of the Myriads on myriads, througii the pathless sky Roman republic given in the first part of this Unerring roll, and wind their steady way. poem: to mark its rise and fall, the peculiar There first discern'd the secret band of love,
There he the full consenting choir beheld ; purport of this. During its first ages, the greatest The kind attraction, that to central suns force of Liberty and virtue exerted. The source whence derived the heroic virtues of the Ro- Binds circling earths, and world with world unites.
Enumeration of these virtues. Thence Instructed thence, he great ideas form'd their security at home: their glory, success, and of the whole-moving, all-informing God, empire, abroad. Bounds of the Roman empire,
The Sun of beings! beaming unconfin'd geographically described. The states of Greece Light, life, and love, and ever-active power: restored to Liberty by Titus Quintus Flaminius, Whom nought can image, and who best approves the highest instance of public generosity and be. The silent worship of the moral heart, neficence. The loss of Liberty in Rome. Its
That joys in bounteous Heaven, and spreads the joj causes, progress, and completion in the death of Nor scorn'd the soaring sage to stoop to life, Brutus. Rome under the emperors. From Rome, And bound his reason to the sphere of man. the goddess of Liberly goes among the Northern He gave the four yet reigning virtuess name; nations; where, by infusing into them her spirit Inspir'd the study of the finer arts, and general principles, she lays the groundwork That civilize mankind, and laws devis’d of her future establishments : sends them in ven
Where with enlighten'd justice mercy mix'd. geance on the Roman empire, now totally enslaved: He ev'n, into his tender system, look and then, with arts and sciences in her train, quits Whatever shares the brotherhood of life: Earth during the dark ages. The celestial re
He taught, that life's indissoluble Name, gions, to which Liberty retired, not proper to be from brute to man, and man to brute again, opened to the view of mortals.
For ever shifting, runs th'eternal round;
And limbs yet quivering with some kindred soul, HERE melting mix'd with air th' ideal forms,
To turn the human heart. Delightful truth!
* A promontory in Calabria. She softly sighing, as when Zephyr leaves,
| Pythagoras. Resign'd to Boreas, the declining year,
1 Samos, over which then reigned the tyrant Polycrates Resum'd; “Indignant, these last scenes I fled ;* § The southern parts of Italy, and Sicily, so called And long ere then, Leucadia's cloudy cliff,
because of the Grecian colonies there settled.
| His scholars were enjoined silence for five years.
T The four cardinal virtues. * The last struggles of liberty in Greece.
Had he beheld the living chain ascend,
While he his honest roots to gold preferr'd; And not a circling form, but rising whole.
While truly rich, and by his Sabine field, “ Amid these small republics one arose, The man maintain'd, the Roman's splendor all On yellow Tyber's bank, almighty Rome,
Was in the public wealth and glory plac'd :
Or ready, a rough swain, to guide the plow;
To drive the steady battle on the foe.
Thy glory, Fabius. All submissive hence, Long wag'd alone the bloodless war of arts, Consuls, dictators, still resign’d their rule, And their best empire gain'd. But to diffuse The very moment that the laws ordain'd. O'er men an empire was my purpose now: Though Conquest o'er them clapp'd her eagle-wings, To let my martial majesty abroad;
Her laurels wreath'd, and yok'd her snowy steeds Into the vortex of one state to draw
To the triumphal car; soon as expir'd
(A harder lesson that than to command,) “ Already have I given, with flying touch, Into the private Roman sunk the chief. A broken view of this my amplest reign.
If Rome was serv'd, and glorious, careless they Now, while its first, last, periods you survey, By whom. Their country's fame they deem'd their Mark how it laboring rose, and rapid fell. [world, own;
“When Rome in noon-tide empire grasp'd the And, above envy, in a rival's train, And, soon as her resistless legions shone,
Sung the loud lös by themselves deserv'd. The nations stoop'd around : though then appear'd Hence matehless courage. On Cremera's bank, Her grandeur most, yet in her dawn of power, Hence fell the Fabii; hence the Decii died; By many a jealous equal people press'd,
And Curtius plung'd into the flaming gulf. Then was the toil, the mighty struggle then; Hence Regulus the wavering fathers firm'd, Then for each Roman I an hero told;
By dreadful counsel never giv'n before, And every passing sun, and Latian scene, For Roman honor sued, and his own doom. Saw patriot virtues then, and awful deeds, Hence he sustain'd to dare a death prepar'd That or surpass the faith of modern times, By Punic rage. On earth his manly look Or, if believ'd, with sacred horror strike.
Relentless fix’d, he from a last embrace, “For then, to prove my most exalted power, By chains polluted, put his wife aside, I to the point of full perfection push'd,
His little children climbing for a kiss ; [friends, To fondness or enthusiastic zeal,
Then dumb through rows of weeping wondering The great, the reigning passion of the free. A new illustrious exile! press'd along. That godlike passion! which, the bounds of self Nor less impatient did he pierce the crowds Divinely bursting, the whole public takes Opposing his return, than if, escap'd Into the heart, enlarg'd, and burning high
From long litigious suits, he glad forsook With the mix'd ardor of unnumber'd selves ; The noisy town awhile, and city cloud, Of all who safe beneath the voted laws
To breathe Venafrian or Tarentine air. Of the same parent state, fraternal, live.
Need I these high particulars recount? From this kind sun of moral nature flow'd
The meanest bosom felt a thirst for fame,
Ages revoly'd unsullied by a crime;
“ Hence, when their country rais'd her plaintive Of virtue, and disdaining to descend
Of wisdom, soothing the tumultuous soul, In whom Corruption could not lodge one charm, Those sons of virtue calm. Their generous hearts