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Tales and Allegories. London: J. H. Parker. The “Parochial Tracts” from which this work is compiled are too well known to require further comment here. But it is a question how far these little papers, prepared originally for general distribution in the cheapest form, are worth collecting into a handsome volume, which could only have a suitable place in drawing-rooms and boudoirs. So far there is no doubt that the tales and lighter material in that series are the most important, as they are certain of being read, especially by young persons, when the
graver tracts would be thrown aside; and this collection will form some excellent reading for such as can obtain the volume. So many different hands have been employed in writing them, that it is impossible to give an opinion of them as a whole. In some we have speedy indications of a master mind, which has done great service to the Church in this style of writing; others are sound and practical enough; but in a few, such as the "Curate's Daughter," we remark a certain sentimentalism, ill suited, we think, to the class for whom these tracts are required. Several of them are too pointless, too full of elegant descriptions of trifles; and we prefer the plain statements and practical illustrations of home truths which are to be found in some parts of this pleasant little volume.
1 An Exposition of the Thirty-nine Articles, Historical and Doctrinal,
being the substance of a course of Lectures delivered to candidates for Orders at S. David's College, Lampeter. By EDWARD HAROLD BROWNE, M. A., Prebendary of Exeter, and Vicar of Kenwyn, formerly Fellow and Tutor of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and Vice-Principal and Professor of Hebrew at Lampeter. Vol. 1., 8vo.,
pp. 480. London: J. W. Parker. 2. A Catechism on the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England.
By the Rev. James Beaven, D. D., Professor of Divinity in King's College, Toronto; Author of “A Help to Catechising,” &c. 18mo.
Oxford and London: J. H. Parker. Mr. Browne's " Exposition " has the merit of being a fair and candid disquisition. But there are two objections which we should raise in limine to putting any such work into the hands of a theological student. 1. By implication it assigns a false position to the Articles, in making them the basis of theological training. This they are not and cannot be. They are not a Corpus Theologiæ at all; the “analogy of the faith” they do not pretend to preserve ; and some important points they altogether overlook. A man can never become a good Divine who takes the Articles as the chart of his reading. Again, as regards Mr. Browne's own work, it is eminently undogmatic; it may hold the balance with sufficient impartiality between Luther and Calvin, and state fairly the views of S. Augustine, and some other Fathers; but it is very likely to leave a man without any definite Theology. To deliver such lectures at Lampeter, is like trying to make a critic before he knows the rule of grammar. Five hundred pages moreover, on the first fifteen Articles is too much to ask any young man to read !
These are not the faults of the second work in our list. Dr. Beaven is a good Divine, and contents himself with showing very briefly what the Church teaches on each several subject. In parts there is rather a stronger anti-Roman bias than we think quite consistent with truth; and some of the questions are too simple, but upon the whole it may be said to contain, in a short compass, the best treatise on the Articles that exists in our language. At p. 114 we observe an awkward misprint of “Gregory VII." for Gregory I,
Mr. Helmore has collected his Brief Directory of the Plain Song, bis Canticles Noted, and the smaller edition of the Psalter Noted, into a small portable volume, entitled, A Manual of Plain Song. (Novello.) The two latter and their merits are well known. The former is taken chiefly from Marbecke, with some simplifications, which approach more nearly to our present use, if indeed in the conflicting uses of our various choral establishments, we can be said to have practically any one use. We are glad to meet with the omission of the vulgar passing note in the cadence of the versicles after the Lord's Prayer, which is quite agreeable to ancient practice and the best usage of the present day, as well as the stern and bold character of ritual music. And we rejoice in the injunction of the use of the monotone Amen, known as the plagal cadence, in preference to the usual one with the semitone, with its twofold harmonies, which may be added on festivals, where the service is on ferial days performed in a simple monotone. The notation of the earlier part of the volume is the same as that adopted in the smaller edition of the “ Psalter Noted.” The whole presents a beautiful specimen of ecclesiastical type, reduced to a marvellously
A great deal of information is collected into a brief space in A Short History of the Mormonites, or Latter Day Saints, &c., by the Rev. Joan Frere, (Masters,) which it appears was one object proposed in the tract. But yet if it is intended in these pages to open the
eyes of some who would otherwise be victims of the baneful heresy here exposed, the treatise seems to be rather deficient in pointedness, and lacks the frequent reference to authorities which is required by the necessity of the case. For the previous history of this sect proves them to be utterly unscrupulous in their attempt at conversion. We fear they would not shrink at a complete denial of many of the unpleasant facts here revealed ; and in that case they would hardly be fixed in the minds of weak persons without some support from the proofs which really exist in abundance Moreover, we should have liked to have seen a greater exposure of the gross impieties and immoralities of the sect, and especially of their leader. Still
, to unprejudiced minds, enough information is conveyed in these few pages, to make them regard with horror this odious doctrine, and to all sufficient to understand its main features.
Mr. Foster, the biographer of Bishop Jebb, has published a valuable Sermon on the Marriage Question, (Rivingtons,) in which he produces with considerable point the rule of the Koran: “It is for
bidden—it is wickedness for a man to unite himself with two sisters." Where, he asks, did Mahomet find this precept, so unlike the general tenour of that lax system, which more than any other, has degraded the female sex—where, but in the law of nature, as held in the traditions and customs of the Arabs, and derived originally from revelation? The appendix contains a Letter of the learned Berriman on this subject, and some well-merited strictures upon the bitter and overbearing tone of Archdeacon Hare.
A Practical Question about Oxford is the title of a very seasonable pamphlet by the Rev. D. MELVILLE, Principal of Bishop Hatfield's Hall, and Tutor in the University of Durham. (Oxford : Parker.) The author considers that what is really indicated by the various efforts at changing the system of our universities, is that people feel they do not educate a sufficiently large number of students ; but he thinks that mere numerical increase, upon the present system, would not satisfy expectation.
Two reprints have reached us from the office of the “ Parish Choir," (Ollivier,) the one a very useful tract on Singing in Public Worship, which should be circulated extensively among our congregations; the other a selection of tunes. Of these latter we can certainly say that they are among the best of those airs to which the miserable metres of Brady and Tate have been so long sung; but it is to be regretted that our contemporary should assist in prolonging the days of that most un-Catholic kind of melody. One only of the old Church hymn-tunes is found in the collection.
The Rev. W. Cooke, Perpetual Curate of S. Stephen's, Hammersmith, has published a Sermon, (The Faith of the Gospel, Ollivier,) which he preached “at the ceremony of Reading in." He defines the
” Church's teaching on the usual Via media principles ; admitting that the Thirty-nine Articles were not intended to give a complete scheme of Christian doctrine; and that their primary purpose was not as against Rome, but to vindicate the Church from that Babel of doctrines,” which ensued upon the Reformation of the sixteenth century.
A new edition of Mr. Chanter's Help to an Exposition of the Catechism for the use of the Church's younger members, (Masters,) has just appeared. Without saying that we think the statements in every instance free from exception, we can confidently recommend it as upon the whole the best probably that exists for the instruction of young children. The language generally is very clear and precise.
We had thought of relieving the usual monotonous character of our articles by some account of Mr. Gordon Cumming's most exciting adventures in South Africa (Murray). But newspapers and magazines have so very generally anticipated us, that we must be content with simply adding a brief testimony to the very amusing character of the volumes. It is sad to be obliged to record that we do not find any trace of religious thought or observance during the five years of the hunter's separation from Christian society.
We are glad to notice Mr. E. A. Freeman's volume, on Llandaff Cathedral, (Pickering,) and trust that its publication may induce many persons to assist in this important restoration,
Dr. WoRDSWORTH's Sermon, preached at Ambleside, and entitled Beautiful Scenery, (Rivingtons.) points out a remarkable fact, that while the heathen of old appear by the temples which they built on the Acropolis, and at Olympia, and Tivoli, and other such places, to have recognized them as peculiar manifestations of the Divine power; and while other Churches delight to erect there the way-side cross, we alone are apt to be unmoved even by the noblest of the works of God.
A very beautiful Sermon preached by Mr. Gutch, on the occasion of Mr. Anderdon's withdrawal from S. Margaret's, Leicester, will be read with interest. It is entitled The Work and Will of God. (Masters.) Is not the author, however, rather too bold in interpreting that Will? It appears that the Gorham Judgment was the cause of Mr. Anderdon's resignation; but Mr. Gutch is not altogether without hope that he may yet be restored to the prayers of his sorrowing people.
Mr. INGLE's Letter to Sir Trayton Drake, “Puseyites (so called) no friends to Popery,” (Masters,) very happily, and, writing from Exeter, very naturally taking Lord John Russell as the representative of “good sound Protestants," and his own Diocesan as the representative of “Puseyites (so called)" draws out in contrast the public acts of the two men, by way of determining whence the encouragement was really given the Pope for attempting the recent aggression upon Eng. land. It is a pamphlet which must tell well in Devonshire.
Mr. Neale's Readings for the Aged, (Masters,) exhibit the same power of adapting himself to the circumstances those for whom he writes that makes his juvenile tales so popular among the young. The “Readings” were originally a series of Lent Lectures delivered to the aged inmates of Sackville College.
We are glad to observe a new edition of Mr. A. Watson's Sunday Evenings at Home. It is to this kind of systematic domestic instruction that we must look for the growth of a sounder theology among the educated classes of the kingdom.
We have but one fault to find with Mr. W. J. Deane's Catechism on the Holydays of the Church, (Mozley,) it is too short. The greater Festivals are treated very satisfactorily; but the notices of the Saints'days are much too scanty.
In Mr. Poland's Pearls Strung (Masters) there is more than the usual variety of “ things new and old.”
The Churchman's Diary, (Masters,) for 1851, is enlarged, and considerably improved both as regards arrangement and typography. The “ Notes on the proper celebration of Divine Service" will be very useful.
Mr. Pinder's Sermons for the Holydays of the Church, (Rivingtons) afford an excellent specimen of true Church of England teaching. They are earnest, and affectionate, and embody a good deal of ecclesiastical lore. The tone of them quite explains the influence which we are glad to testify that Mr. Pinder gains over his pupils at Wells. are surprised to find that he should recognise the State Holydays."
JOSEPH MASTERS, PRINTER, ALDERSGATE STREET, LONDON.
THE Publisher of the ECCLESIASTIC having lately received very decided testimony from various quarters, to the value of this Periodical, is encouraged to issue the present Prospectus with the view of still further increasing its usefulness.
The circulation which it enjoys, although extensive, being chiefly effected through the medium of Book Societies, has not been such as to yield a lucrative return to himself; while he is also disabled from affording that remuneration to contributors which they may justly expect, and which alone can at all times command the highest literary and theological ability,
Under these circumstances, and anxious at the present crisis of the Church to use all exertions in her behalf, the Publisher proposes to make the following alterations in the manner and terms of publication.
1. The Magazine will be enlarged by additional matter.
2. The price will be 2s. ; but to persons ordering directly from himself and paying in advance, the Publisher will undertake to send the Magazine by Post, free of any additional charge. In this way Subscribers will receive their copies on the first day of each month; and the uncertainty of delivery in distant places, which has been so much complained of, will be obviated.
As regards the principles of the Magazine, the Publisher believes that he is warranted in asserting that while all the great questions of present interest have been ably, consistently, and boldly dealt with, the articles have been marked by a tone of dutiful affection to the Church.
Full notices are given of all the pamphlets which appear on either side of the present controversy; and the following selection from among the more recent articles, will show, it is conceived, that there is no lack of diversity to suit the differing tastes of readers. At the same time it is hoped that the proposed increase of space will lead to at least a commensurate improvement in the literary character of the Magazine, and the Publisher pledges himself to use his utmost efforts for that object.
AND NEW BOND STREET.