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Opposing counsel then replied. He

and some

of whom, sanctioned the ridiculed the assertion of Mr. Setemup morality of polygamy. The assertion that over-population had been responsi that these were ancient times does not ble for the ills of mankind, which he meet the point; since if it were assumed attributed to the selfishness and wicked that virtue comes with intelligence we ness of the world, and asserted that, on should look for the upper strata of the other hand, the District Attorney society, the educated and enlightened, had made it evident to his auditors that to surpass in virtue their less favored advancement from grazing to agricul contemporaries—while the contrary is ture, and from agriculture to manufac notoriously the case. And again, we ture, and thus on to the perfections of would expect to find the intelligent civilization, had been due to the fact that nations, those in the vanguard of civilithe necessities of increasing population zation, more moral, possessing a higher had begotten superior intelligence from moral sense than the barbarous and age to age; that the times of least popu semi-barbarous nations of the world. lation, due to the ease of existing, were But, we find statistics will demonstrate times of least intelligence; and he asked: that the contrary is the case—that we "Is it not probable that the tendency can find no barbarous country that prenow is deterioration?" He suggested sents a condition so appalling as some that the days of greatest distress were of the European nations, where a quarthe days of most prolific invention; that ter of the births are outside of legitimate to the centuries where poverty was most wedlock. Are we then in a position to general are to be attributed the inven hold up our hands in holy indignation at tion of the railroad, the telegraph, the the morals of this community, being ocean steamship, the telephone and the ourselves poisoned through and through thousand other applications of electricity. with poisons of immorality, while every He argued that even admitting that the authority bears record of the fact that ultimate results of old systems would be this sect is singularly free from sexual sins the crowding of the earth, that it might and that the adulterer can have no place be possible, certainly that was the belief among them? I, for one, bow my head of his client, that the Almighty might in reverence to their superior morality. choose to raise up a righteous seed unto Let not the age, the people, that licenses Himself, in which event the multiplication prostitution, and revels in the evils of of such a seed would be right, no matter illicit intercourse, cast a stone at the age,or what might be said of the rest of the the people, who live in a moral righteousworld. He said that such considerations ness. Would not a man be a hypocrite, would suggest that the prevailing moral who would exact of others that which he sense of civilized nations, which was scorns himself? Is not a nation, a geneshocked at the family customs of the ration of hypocrites, which, being steeped Morekidites, was based not so much in licentiousness, punishes a people of upon reason as upon the ex cathedra superior morality for a fancied evil?” decrees of tradition.

The judge charged the jury in his A glance back at the varying marriage usual style; had something to say about customs of the ages, would show us that the five hundred millions of people in moral sense changes from time to time, this glorious country being shocked, and and "Were it not presumptuous in us,''he being in earnest, called the defendant said, "to criticize the morality of the age hard names, and in one of his more that produced an Abraham, a Moses, that forcible strictures threw an inkstand at made adultery punishable by stoning to the defendant, which nearly brained him, death, that closed the mouth of our and wound up by dancing a frenzied jig Savior against the marriage customs of on the judicial rostrum. The jury then his own and the patriarchal age; to criti retired, sought the judicial bar-room, cize the morals of the great reformers, ordered twelve deep potations, agreed who were monogamists in the old sense, that any man who failed to drink voted

not guilty, and drank unanimously to the health of the defendant. They came into court and delivered their verdict.

Upon sentencing the prisoner, the judge remarked that there was an ancient Arizona precedent, for trying a man under one statute and sentencing him under

another, that, therefore, he would sentence the prisoner for horse stealing, the penalty being the more severe.

Thus ended the trial of John Anderson McAnderson, in which the great government of the United States was the party plaintiff.

Samuel Sorghum.


COMMENTS OF THE DAY. So many dangers beset the walks of When a daughter of Zion marries an Saints that signals are required for their unbeliever she separates herself from her preservation. The ministers of life family, from the Saints, from the ordiselected by the Lord and entrusted with nances of the Gospel, and consequently the care of His people in this dispensa from the fellowship of the Holy Ghost. tion, have done well their part in notify She deprives herself of family prayers, ing the latter of the pitfalls that are open her children are not heirs of the New for them. If the warning of the past Covenant, and they are deprived of the were sufficient to save the people, writ Patriarchal blessings and instructions ing and preaching for that purpose would that the children of Saints are entitled to. no longer be needed. But new members Chances are largely against their ever are gathered in, and they with the youth embracing the Gospel, and if they do in Zion, need the same signals that have not, they fall into line against the Kingdone such good service in the past. Then dom of God. Thus the sins of the parents those who have been warned are forgetful fall upon posterity, and the consequential and become careless, and incline to treat damages are greater than we can estilightly the lessons of the past, in some in

There is also danger of contamstances, and require constant reminding. ination of other branches of the fami

The unequally yoking together of ly by communication and association. believers with unbelievers is a great Strange men and women lead away the danger threatening the Latter-day Saints. hearts of the sons and daughters of The daughters of Zion are more inclined Zion after idols, and from the true and to make this mistake than her sons. But living God. There can be no harmony in olden times history testifies the and but little peace in such a family reverse to have been the rule. The unless the believer deserts the faith and men of Israel were condemned frequent cuts loose entirely from allegiance to the ly for marrying strange women. Now Gospel. If there is not union in the the Lord has gathered His people by the household, contentment and happiness preaching of the Gospel to this choice are gone. No daughter of Zion should land, to educate them and to raise up a receive the attentions and give enrighteous seed that will hear Him and do couragement to an unbeliever. It is a His will. He has given us one faith and sure sign of weakness of faith; and the one spirit. He has called us out of and same is true in regard to the sons of .to be separate from the world; from their Zion. ways and from their spirit. Our gather Isaac and Rebekah had the correct ing and coming out from the world would feeling upon this subject, and their minds be in vain, if we were to mix and mingle were full of grief when Esau took Hittite with the world in marriage and all their women of the land to wife. Gen, xxvi. ways as before. We cross the danger 34, 35. “And Rebekah said to Isaac, 1 line if we engage in any manner, in ways am weary of my life because of the the Lord designed us to avoid, when He daughters of Heth: If Jacob take a wife gathered us out.

of the daughters of Heth, such as these

which are daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?" Gen. xxvii. 16.

The course of Father Abraham, when he was near his death, as recorded in Gen. xxiv, is the strongest lesson on record of the importance of proper marriages. He called to him his eldest servant who ruled over all he had, and said to him: “Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and I will make thee swear by the Lord, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou wilt not take a wife unto my son, of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell: but thou shalt go unto my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac." And the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham, his master, and sware to him concerning that matter. We find this servant, under this solemn oath and charge, fitting up for his journey of several hundred miles from Hebron in Judea, to Nahor in Mesopotamia, with ten camels; and a very important lesson is taught us in the operation of this trusted man, for he conversed with the Lord, asking Him to overrule and arrange the approach of the damsel, that he should know her. The Lord sent Rebekah so that she was readily recognized by the servant.

How many of the young men and maidens of Latter-day Israel have had such vigilance exercised over them, in regard to making their selection of husbands and wives? I fear that gross negligence is chargeable to parents in Zion on this score and undying sorrows entailed upon families. This great danger would be still more frequently met with, if we were to allow our children to be taught by imported teachers. The spirit of the Gospel revolts at the approach of all such dangers, while the spirit of the world is eager to have us embrace them. This is one sign by which we may know the spirit of the Lord. I have never known the contrast between it and that of anti-Christ more plainly exhibited, than in the camp-fires of the G. A. R., held in Salt Lake City during the past summer. They exhibited the same spirit of murderous diabolism that has

sacrificed the lives of the innocent in all ages, and that invented the tortures which man has endured from his brother.

Do Latter-day Saints wish to be baptized with that spirit? Oh no! It is the spirit of the evil one, that takes men down to the pit. It should be shunned as the gates of hell. In absence of other friends, the spirit of the Lord will always raise a danger signal for us when one is needed; therefore to retain this spirit and to become acquainted with its operations, is a most important duty.

Proper and timely danger signals should be raised by all parties who have the care of souls; and thus relieve themselves of responsibility, and be saviors indeed to those whom God has entrusted to their care. There is danger of fathers being too reticent with their families. I have known men, who were ministers of the Gospel, to spend a great deal of time with their children, but would never speak to them upon the principles of the Gospel, nor teach them to pray. They appeared to think their public teachings were all sufficient and, in order that the praying should be well done, they would do it all themselves; thus letting their children, grow up in theological idleness. Parents should converse freely with their children upon every principle of life, that they may early understand them and practically demonstrate their truth and power. Under the influence of the Holy Spirit every child should be converted to the truth, by the teachings of its parents. Parents should be good authority to their children, and should be competent to teach them the principles of the Gospel, as early as they can receive them. Then all the additional light they can get from public instructions, sabbath schools, improvement associations and from private individuals, as well as from reading good books, will tend to strengthen the faith and enlarge the understanding and confirm the doctrines planted in them by their parents. Children are entitled to benefit by what their parents know, in regard to religious as well as secular affairs; and how can they profit unles they be taught?

There is danger in backbiting, tale

and Australia brought prices up, they bearing and evilspeaking. I know of depressed the value of the tithe. This nothing of an ordinary nature that will now stands at ten per cent. below par; sooner disturb or offend the Spirit of the that is, that which at one period went as Lord than speaking evil of neighbors; high as one hundred and eleven pounds speaking of and sometimes exaggerating now rests at ninety pounds. But, to their faults. It is a grievous sin, and when compensate for this, farm produce has it is indulged in, where the Spirit of the fallen, while farm labor has gone up, so Lord is, it will surely be rebuked or the that to-day the tithe is an intolerable spirit will be withdrawn. We should burden to the Welsh farmer. It is no cultivate the habit of speaking of our less grievous in England, but the averneighbor's virtues, and if we talk of their age agriculturist there is a good churchvices let it be to them, with the view of man, and pays his tithe with a similar making reformation. F. M. Lyman. fervor, though somewhat cooled no

doubt, with which he reads his prayers. BURDEN OF WELSH FARMERS. The best obtainable figures give the

The average American farmer loves a amount thus collected in England and tax bill about as well as a black snake. Wales as nearly twenty million dollars He ought, therefore, to have a sympa yearly. That is, indeed, something to thetic feeling for his Welsh brethren, whistle over. who are just now savagely fighting the And the Welsh farmers are whistling a church tithe system. An aggravating | lively tune about this time. Their landfeature of this tax is that it is collected lords have reduced rents from ten to for the support of clergy of the Church even fifty per cent. in some cases, but of England, while three-fourths of the the clergy are firm. The farmers refuse tax payers are dissenters. The tithe is to pay. Then come seizures and sheriffs' levied on all produce of land, while other sales. The farmers club together and forms of property are exempt. In Eng abstain from bids. They boycott aucland and Wales two-thirds of the land is tioneers and sheriffs. But the law is too subject to this impost, the other third much for them. They are patient, howbeing ancient church property whose ever, and up to now they abstain from tithes were long ago merged with the violence. But the agitation has spread, rents. Till the year 1836 the tithe was and the quarrymen and coal miners have taken in kind. The parson was entitled recently joined the farmers, to each tenth bundle of wheat or barley, pretty quarrel, and if John Bull does not each tenth cock of hay, each tenth calf, withdraw his atttention from India and and foal, and lamb, and pig, each tenth Egypt a bit and take a sympathetic peep swarm of bees, in fact the tenth of every at the Welsh farmers, he is likely some thing down to kitchen herbs. The day to have a second Ireland on his hands. farmer could not store his wheat or hay, rain or shine, till after proper notice was HOW TO MAKE STEEL STOLEN.-A given to the clergyman, who was on little more than a hundred years ago the hand to pick out his dues. Some of the manufacture of steel had a beginning in inconveniences of this system

England, and about that time there was abated by agreements to pay in money, living in Sheffield a man by the name of and in 1836 a law was enacted making all Huntsman. He was a watch and clock tithes collectable in this form.

maker, and he had so much trouble in Estimates of the value of the chief getting steel that would answer for his crops were based on average prices for springs he determined to make some seven years, one year being knocked off himself. He experimented for a long and a new one added each season. For time, and after many failures hit upon a the greater part of the time the clergy process that produced a very fine quality have had the best of the bargain, though of steel. The best steel at that time was when the gold discoveries in California made by the Hindoos and it cost in

It is a


England about fifty thousand dollars a began the erection of large steel works ton; but Huntsman could make his for similar to Huntsman's was good evifive hundred dollars ton. He there dence that he was a poor sleeper but a fore found a ready market for all the good watcher. steel he could make, and determined to keep his invention secret, and no one THINK OF IT!—The following diagram was allowed to enter his works except represents in round numbers sundry his workmen, and they were sworn to yearly expenditures by the people of the secrecy. Of course, other iron and steel United States. It compares the cost of makers were very desirous of finding their vices with their expenditures for the out how he produced the steel he made, necessaries of life, and sharply defines the and accomplished it at last: One dark interest of the people at large, in the things and cold winter night a wretched looking that relate to the welfare of society. beggar knocked at the door of Hunts

Alcoholic Liquors. $900,000,000. man's works and asked shelter from the

Tobacco, $690,000,000. storm that was raging without. The workmen kindly gave him permission to

Wool, Cotton and Sugar, $602,000,000. come in and find warmth and shelter

Iron, Steel and Lumber, $523,000,000.

Bread, $505,000,000. near one of the furnaces. In a little while the drowsy beggar fell asleep, or

Meat, $303,000,000. seemed to do so, but beneath his torn

Public Education, $92,000,000. and shabby hat his half-shut eyes watched

Home and Foreign Missions, $5.500,000. with eager interest every movement made With the above figures before us can by the men about the furnaces, and as we wonder at the crime, social disorder, the charging of the melting pots, heating, domestic unhappiness, sickness and sorand at last pouring the steel into ingots row that abound in the land?

Truly took several hours, it is hardly necessary they indicate a standard of morality, of to add that the forgotten beggar slept which the nation might well take heed, long, and, as it seemed, soundly, in the when deliberating upon drastic measures corner where he lay. It turned out for the correction of its best citizens, afterward that the apparently sleeping whose proportionate responsibility for beggar was a well-to-do iron maker liv the condition above shown is less than ing near by, and the fact that he soon that of any other people of the Republic.


One autumn day the sun shone clear and bright,

O'er hill and meadow, field and silent wood, Where oft in childhood sunny hours took flight,

In weaving flowers in wreaths as best I could.

The sky was lovely in its perfect blue;

So soft, so tranquil in the radiant light,
The clouds like heavenly beings seemed imbued

With power to reach the land of spirits bright.

There could be seen the sere and yellow leaves,
That rustled when the faintest breeze would

That autumn day in memory's archive dwells;

Its scenes shall unforgotten ever be;
In dreams I wander back to shady dells,

Where cuckoo builds his nest among the trees.
One autumn day before its quiet close,

Sweet Lillie's spirit took its upward flight;
We laid her gently where the violet grows,
And moonbeams shed their pale, cold shadowy

O Lillie! I shall meet you soon I know!

This earthly pilgrimage will soon be o'er;
O then what joy, what love will fill my soul!
When I shall meet you on the golden shore.


The air was filled with odors rich and rare,
Of flowers whose beauty graced sweet Wood-

lawn's shade,
Their gay bright petals soon were left to die,

Beside the brooklet in the meadow dale.

The day was fair, the birds sang merrily;

Each to another would his joy impart;

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