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ple sunsets.

of abundance. The golden yellow corn precursor of doom, of the cold burand green and beautiful in the grave of stern, hard relentless winter, the monarch of the year, who rules with

the middle ages. Here, in this lovely bye to Hatfield, while old Pepys' words place, in the midst of the June sun still echo in our ears, for this, whatlight, with the bright river gleaming ever else be not, assuredly is "mighty through the trees, we may well bid good- / fine."

Selected. AUTUMNAL SENTIMENTS. "Now garnering gray October's sober grains, bloom, with the cold frosted, glittering Now Christmas hollies pile our loaded wains." icicle.

"The Autumn's wind swept o'er the hill, All poets, or poetical prose (not prosy,)

And Winter's breath comes cold and chill." writers who are of the descriptive class, who delight to dwell upon scenery, sea

Although we must confess to a lingersons, birds, flowers, waterfalls, rivulets ing love for Spring and Summer, yet and sunshine, who assimilate their senti

Autumn with its pensive evening twiments and subjects to nature's varied and

lights, its “melancholy sadness," its ruschangeful moods, revel in the poetical

tle and flutter of dry leaves, has someinspiration of falling leaves, faded flow

thing peculiarly akin to poetical sentiers, gorgeous colored forests all aflame

ment, and also really seems congenial, with beauty, brown hills and royal-pur

and in sympathy with the "sober reali. ties of life.” This season may well be

termed moody in more respects than "But see the fading many-colored woods, one, for it changes almost daily. Autumn over shade, the country round

is almost as fickle in November as

Spring is in April, and the mood of perAutumn in the poets nomenclature is sons hangs on the same equivocal vicissidefined as the “Daughter of the Year." tudes. She carries off the palm with dignity Autumn does seem peculiarly approin royal style. The year has reached its priate for meditation and reflection, the maturity and is receiving the crown of "sear and yellow leaf,” the fading of its glory, the luscious fruits of vine and “the day's sweet light," and the gray tree, the fields of ripened grain, gath-shadows of the cool and amber paling ered with the sickle and gleaned by the moonlight night, infuse their quiet beauty reapers, the bundles strewed or stacked, into the human soul. Nature has stretching afar in the distance, gladden groaned, as it were, with the heavy the eye and convey to the soul the idea weight of "corn and oil," and the

sheaves of grain are full to bursting, and in ear, and all the varieties of the vege the wine gushes with fulness from the table kingdom, impress one with a sense press, and the land o’erflows with the of fulness, of completeness, and seem bounty of the harvest of all earth's prothe similitude of earth's wreath of vic ducts. The sky is flarning with its crim

son shades and coloring, and the reflecAutumn even in her triumph is the tion drapes the hills and woods with

violet and purple shadows. The landial of hopes, of all that was fresh

scape mellows as the year wanes and winter comes apace. There is a language in the trees at this peculiar season

that passes all description; it speaks foricy coldness and crushes the life from cibly to those who possess intuition, or out the heart of the matron, whose full susceptibility to feel the influence that summer has ripened into maturity. Win pervades the atmosphere of their localter bedecks the brow, so lately crowned ity, and seems to diffuse itself into the with the victor's wreath of beauty and very soul of the lover of nature, and

Shade deep’ning

tory and rejoicing

pour itself forth spontaneously in strains with the Christmas holidays, make what and bursts of enthusiasm that run paral recompense it may for marring the lel to the surroundings. It is well to de beauty and despoiling the glory of navote a little season to meditation and ture's perfection and burying it out of reflection, but not allow one's self to sight. How many lessons of life may merge into gloom, and dwell too much be learned from the sentiments which among shadows, for substance is always the changes of time involve! How many preferable to shadows, and to plant one's precious memories are buried with the feet on the solid earth is surer footing fading of the leaves, how many hopes than flying off into the clouds, however are blown away regretfully, that we realluring their ethereal proportions may call in sympathy with the fluttering appear in the distance. One is more leaves, and the flitting birds, who no loncertain of one's self on terra firma than ger sing as before, but pass to other and in the region of uncertainty. There is a more congenial climes! pathos in the sighing requiem of the de But if one has sown good seed in the parting glory of Autumn that falls sooth heart, and treasured up in the garner of ingly upon the senses, and impresses the mind, pure thoughts and holy inspiraone with a solemnity, mingled with rev tions, then, by the winter fireside, with erance, that reaches out after and grasps kindly nurture, these exquisite gems of all of the Infinite with which nature, in true and genuine worth may be growing her teeming luxuriance, at this season and strengthening and diffusing light and abounds.

imparting to other hearts and other The death of vegetation by frost minds a genial warmth, a glowing comand wind late in the autumn is styled the fort, that may culminate in a purity and funeral of the year, it has been born in freshness that will beautify and adorn its characteristic sense, has been fondled the life indoors, and cheer and gladden and dandled in the arms of spring, has the atmosphere of home, or the surdeveloped into beauty under the auspices roundings of the poor and lowly, of summer, and has ripened into fulness and give expression and tone to the of strength and grown sober and gray heaven-born charity, which, properly with the chilly winds of autumn and the nourished, fills the human soul with joy, trees sigh its requiem, and winter comes come spring or summer, autumn or winto grasp with its firm hold, and gather

Amethyst. in its bosom all that remains of beauty and fragrance of the passing year; and Best of glory is reflected by honesty.


HONOR. HONOR is that quality of the mind inward wealth, he is like the diamond in which leads one to seek good actions the rough-only needs a little polishing and impels him to perform them. It is to make his brilliancy excel that of all found in one who is constantly engaged other jewels. His word is as good as in trying to benefit his fellow creatures his bond, and were there no law comwithout the object of gaining the laud pelling people to act honorably, you and praise of men. The title of true could trust him and he would feel more honor is worth more than the wealth of

securely bound by his conscience, than the world, since, where it does not by any written document that might bear exist, wealth cannot purchase it. One his signature. To take unfair advanwho possesses it from his merits, is rich tage is foreign to his nature. in that which most ennobles man. He is One possessing true honor is not cona jewel in himself; and though his out stantly guarding his speech, so as to

nce may not portray his make others believe that which he

ward appea

broad view of the meaning of honor, It has been the hope of my life to

knows to be false. In one of this nature, "false truth,” which is absurd in the exeven should he attempt such a thing, treme. However, this quality which, for his countenance would betray him, and convenience sake, we may term false his scheme would fall through. He will honor, is founded upon interest, not do unto others as he would be done by, principle. It proclaims its lofty aims for he possesses the quality of unselfish in the fear that they may not Cil erwise ness where honor demands. While be discovered, while true honor prefers honor and unselfishness could not con that they be demonstrated in actions. sistently be called synonymous terms, One who is moved by false honor they are certainly each an attribute of finds no time to demonstrate that which the other. Honor is not found in him he would have his fellow creatures who would betray his friend because he believe, for he is engaged in trying to rehas him in his power; nor is it found in move doubt which he fancies exists in one who is always prying into the affairs the minds of men regarding his honor. of others, when such affairs concern him He knows that were his true character not. Neither do you find a man of known, those doubts which he fancies honor anxious to impart information exist, would for a certainty be supplanted that he may have obtained accidentally by a knowledge that he could not face; or otherwise, when he knows such in and he lives in constant fear that his falformation should be held sacred.

sity may be found out. Real honor can be obtained by any True honor is founded upon virtue and one who wishes to endow himself with unless allied thereto, bocomes changeit, and will carry his desires into execu able; governed more or less by the mantion. It cannot be bestowed by one ners and customs prevailing around it. It upon another, but is won by each acting might be said that such honor is born, in accordance with an unvitiated con serves its natural period of existence science and constantly following its dic and dies the

as mortality; but tation without a desire to obtain the es. when allied to virtue, it becomes a thing teem of mankind.

eternal — without beginningwithout Honor is like reputation and charac end; not bounded by time, nor ter, in that it displays itself in small ac minated by death. Honor wins approtions, thus necessitating its slow growth, bation from even the most changeable but certain maturity. There is a quality and unbelieving of men, and is by them which by wicked humanity is termed regarded as a quality of time, not of eterhonor, that may be obtained by worldly nity; but allied to the eternal principle wealth or heredity. It is, however,osten of virtue, an attribute of Him who never an abuse of the term, and should be pre changes, honor is ‘a property of truth fixed by the word "false.” Taking a and is eternal. Melvin D. Wells. it embraces truth; therefore the term The height of fashion and the height of "false honor” is equivalent to the term folly reach to about the same altitude.


which has burned steadily in my breast, visit the countries of the far north, where to see the sun at midnight, and sniff the mid-summer nights are lit up by the breezes of the Arctic circle. But it has king of day, in all his splendor and not yet fallen to my lot to make the

The vivid descriptions of Dr. northern voyage, and I am compelled to Kane, in his Arctic Explorations made, content myself by reading accounts of perhaps, the first impression upon my others' voyages, whose zeal in search of mind, and kindled the glowing desire the ice-bound pole, has taken them be




yond the habitable portions of the globe, to struggle, suffer and die in their vain endeavor. A wonderful relief from the sickening tales of Arctic hardships, is met in the fascinating volumes of Paul du Chaillu, entitled: “The Land of the Midnight Sun.” In these elegant works the author tells of five or six years travel in Norway, Sweden and Lapland. He gives characteristic sketches of scenes and people, that are wonderfully entertaining and instructive. Among other things he tells us of the midnight sun. He says: “How beautiful was the hour of midnight! How red and gorgeous was the sun! How drowsy was the landscape; nature seemed asleep in the midst of sunshine; dew-drops glittered like precious stones, as they hung from the blades of grass, the petals of wild flowers and the leaves of the birch trees.

It sounds strange to hear of wild flowers and tender vegetation within the region of perpetual snow and ice. Yet most beautiful flowers and some trees were found on the very end of the North Cape, the extreme northern point of Norway, and less than twenty degrees from the pole itself. But it is the sun at midnight we wish to hear described, and we will follow Du Chaillu in his clear and delightful explanations:

We crossed the Arctic circle at sixtydegrees, thirty-two minutes north latitude or fourteen hundred and eight miles south from the pole, where the sun shines for an entire day, on the twentysecond of June, and the observer will see it above the horizon at midnight, and due north. After that date, by journeying north on an average of about ten miles a day, he would continue to see the midnight sun till he reached the pole. On the twenty-second of September, the sun descends to the horizon, where it will rest, so to speak, all dảy long; on the following day it disappears till the twenty-second of March.

The sun at midnight is always north of the observer, on account of the position of the earth. It seems to travel around a circle, requiring twenty-four hours for its completion, it being noon when it reaches the greatest elevation and mid

night at the lowest. Its ascent and descent are so imperceptible, and the variations so slight, that it sinks south very slowly, and its disappearance below the horizon is almost immediately followed by its reappearance again.

The phenomenon of the midnight sun may be explained as follows: The earth revolves about the sun, once every year, and rotates on its axis once every twenty-four hours. The earth's orbit, or path described by it in its annual revolution about the sun, is, so to speak, a circle somewhat elongated, called an ellipse. The axis about which the daily rotation takes place, is a straight line passed through the earth, and the extremities of which are called poles-one the north, and the other the south pole. The axis is not perpendicular to the plain of the orbit, but is inclined to it at an angle of 23° 28' which angle is called the obliquity of the ecliptic. The earth therefore, in moving about the sun, is not upright but inclined, so that in different parts of its course it presents always a half but a different half, of its surface to the sun.

Twice in the year, March 21st, and September 21st, the exact half of the earth along its axis is illuminated. On these dates, therefore, any point on the earth's surface is, during a rotation of the earth on its axis, half the time in light and half in darkness—that is, day and night are twelve hours each all over the globe. For this reason these dates are called Equinoxes-March 2ist being the vernal and September 21st the autumnal equinox. As the earth moves on in its orbit after March 21st, the north pole inclines more and more towards the sun, till June 21st, after which it turns slowly away from it. On September 21st, day and night áre, again equal all over the earth; and immediately after this, the north pole is turned entirely from the sun, and does not receive its light again till the following March. It will thus be seen that from the vernal to the autumnal equinox, the north pole is in sunlight, and has a day of six months duration. As the north pole becomes more and more inclined towards the sun,

more and more of the regions around miles south of the Arctic circle, they can
that pole become illuminated, and there see the midnight sun for three days.
fore any point in that region is for any The brilliancy of the splendid orb varies
given twenty-four hours, longer in light in intensity like that of sunset and sun-
than in darkness, and its day is longer rise, according to the state of the moist-
than the night. The nearer any point is ure of the atmosphere. One day it will
to the pole, the longer during this time be of a deep red color, tingeing every-
is its day.

thing with a roseate hue and producing
The number of days, therefore, of con a drowsy effect. There are times when
stant sunshine depends on the latitude the changes in the color between the
of the observer; and the farther north he sunset and sunrise might be compared to
finds himself the greater will be the num the variations of a charcoal fire; now
ber. Thus, at the pole, the sun is seen burning with a fierce red glow, then fad-
for six months; at the Arctic circle for ing away and rekindling with a greater
one day, and at the base of the North brightness.
Cape from the fifteenth of May to the There are days when the sun has a
first of August. At the pole, the ob pale, whitish appearance, and when even
server seems to be in a center of a grand it can be looked at for six or seven hours
spiral movement of the sun, which far before midnight. As this hour approaches
ther south takes place north of him. the sun becomes less glaring, gradually

We have here spoken as if the observer changing into more brilliant shades as it were on a level with the horizon; but dips toward the lowest point of its should he climb a mountain, the sun, of course. Its motion is very slow, and for course will appear higher; and should he, quite awhile it apparently follows a line instead of traveling fifteen miles north, of the horizon, during which there seems climb about two hundred and twenty feet to be a pause, as when the sun reaches above the sea-level each day, he would

This is midnight. For a few see it the same as if he had gone north; minutes the glow of sunset mingles with consequently, if he stood at the Arctic that of sunrise, and one cannot tell circle at that elevation, and had an un which prevails, but soon the light beobstructed view, he would see the mid comes slowly and gradually more brilnight sun for a correspondingly longer liant, announcing the birth of another time. Hence the tourists from Hapar day -- and often before an hour has anda preser going to the Avasaxa, a hill elapsed, the sun becomes so dazzling six hundred and eighty feet above the that one cannot look at it with the naked sea, from which, though eight or ten eye.

De Vallibus.


STORY OF A MONSTER. In a certain region, renowned from and miry clay, mixed in curious comtime immemorial for its wonders and bination. curiosities, there is to be seen a most The body of this creature is stuck all strange and exceedingly terrible mon over with frightful heads and arms and ster. The creature is of huge size, and trunk-like suckers. Some of the heads what renders it more fearfully hideous, are human shaped; others are like difit seems to possess a sort of grave-worm ferent kinds of wild beasts and birds of life, as it is capable of moving and de prey, and each head has an enormous vouring. It has no permanent form; its mouth with sharp and terrible teeth. shape is ever changing, like a cloud in The arms and suckers are of various the sky when the winds are blowing upon lengths and size. Some are long and it. Its material constituents are various,

slender, others are short and thick, but but it has the general appearance of iron all are furnished with either claws or

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