תמונות בעמוד
[ocr errors]

and weary, and I want a little rest!” The again you shall have the reward that you old man opened wide the gate, and said have earned.” The child turned away, “Come in, my dear young friend, you little caring for she had no sorrow or have earned the rest you seek, and you burden, and of course she was light, free shall find it here.” He entered and his and happy, but this had been the first reweakness seemed to leave him and his buff, this was the first rough place in her lame back grew strong, and then I lost path, but she stumbled many a time on sight of him in this beautiful throng, for her way, for I watched her as far as the he grew like the rest and he joined in eye could reach. the dance and the sports and pastimes, I seemed to lay in a trance, and for a and all seemed happiness again. Pręs- long, long time I watched the happy ently the portal opened again and a little throng. As I looked, again the portal girl softly felt her way along until she opened and the old man laid his hand touched the dear old man. Then she upon the little child that he had sent said, “Please, sir, may

I come in. I am back to earn her reward. I heard her very weary, and my way is so hard to go, softly whisper, “Oh master, let me in, I for I am blind?" The old man kissed am so very weary now. I went back and the little child and said, “Come, my dar found my way so hard. Many taunted ling, and I will show you such lovely me and called me proud and vain and sights and you shall join with my merry wicked, and I had become so, but no one children in the dance." But the little ever told me and I did not know that it girl said, “O master, I cannot see these was wrong till I came here, but I bore lovely sights, for I have been blind all the taunts and I tried to overcome my my life, and I have so longed to see the pride and vanity, and now may I come dear blessed earth and sky, and the in?” The old man gently took the burmany pretty things of nature;" and the den from the child and ushered her into old man answered, “Yes, my child, you the valley of happiness, and she joined have endured much and now

we will

in the happy dance and pastimes. A throw away the mist from your eyes and mist came before me now, and the joyyou shall enter and join with the chil ous scene passed from before me. For dren.” She entered the gate and saw a long time I lay almost insensible, then the pretty sights, and joined in the dance, I arose and thanked God for what I had and I lost sight of her for she become seen. Yes, arose feeling better prepared like the rest. So again and again the now for my life's journey and the burden gate opened and others were ushered in, laid upon all, of which I must bear my yet none entered with a burden, all those share. O friends, take warning from were left behind. Some laid down bun this little picture, and do not frown and dles of sorrow they had borne, but all murmur because you have burdens to burdens, great and small, were left be bear, for if you have no burdens to lay hind, and all who entered became blithe at the portal of heaven, the gates of that and merry, and joined in the dance and glorious place will not be open to you, true enjoyment of the beautiful place. and the keeper will say, "Go back to Once I looked when the old man was earth, and bravely earn a reward, before talking earnestly with one whom, it

you expect to enter here and receive seemed, could not enter. What is this, one.

A. W. C. thought I, the child is beautiful and yet she cannot enter. In a moment I heard

THE MANATEE. the old man say, “My child, you have no Can any one tell what a manatee is? burden, you do not even sorrow for those If the cold weather in the South has you have left behind, go back to the not killed him he may be found in Florworld and earn a reward. Tarry longer ida, or in one particular section of that on the earth, and you will meet with State, and there only. This locality, sorrows, and many will be the rocks that according to a writer in the Cincinnati fall in your way, and when you come Enquirer, is along the St. Lucie river, a


very short stream-the shortest navi mercy if

you have any means of capturgable one, perhaps, in America—as it is ing him. But his ear is phenomenally only ten miles long. The stream has its quick. He can hear the sound of an source in the Halbatteeoka Flats, and oar no matter how carefully handled, at becomes navigable at St. Lucie Bay. a distance of half a mile, and he will The Indians regarded the stream with take alarm at it. His body affords exmysterious awe-somewhat, in fact, as cellent food, as the Indians long ago the Hindoo people do the Ganges. They found out, and they used to jerk the flesh found plants upon the borders that grew and sell it to the Spaniards at a high nowhere else, and here they found the price. The fattest, juiciest beef is by no manatee. The female of the manatee means equal to it. The meat of no aniis known as the sea-cow. There is no mal is so delicious. About ten years more awkward, helpless or curious ani ago the meat could be bought at fifty mal. The hand is broad, and the eyes cents a pound; but it will soon be unare completely hidden by heavy folds of attainable at any price. There is no skin. The mouth is shaped very much doubt that the manatee is rapidly belike that of a cow, in every way but the coming an extinct animal. Like the teeth. These are long and sharp like

dodo which flourished in the middle those of the carnivorous tribe, anı! yet ages, but is now extinct, the sea-cow the animal is said to be exclusively

will pass out of existence, and will be vegetarian. Its chief food is the mana looked upon in a few centuries as the grass, but it, perhaps, eats occasion monstrosity. But the governor and ally other aquatic plants. This grass has legislature of Florida might, we should large, broad blades, and is found in eight suppose, delay this catastrophe, by turnor ten feet of water, growing on the

ing a part of the more swampy and least bottom and extending to the surface. valuable portion of the St. Lucie river The mature manatee weighs about one into a State park--which might be called thousand two hundred pounds.

One Manatee Park—and appointing a parkwas captured which weighed one thou keeper with assistants to guard it. Its sand five hundred.

This was about purpose should be simply for the presertwelve feet in length, and had a girth of

vation of this animal. As the maratee four feet. The manatee is provided with submits to captivity, he might even he flippers about ten inches in length, and cultivated by cultivating the manat e the body diminishes into a large, fantas grass in other low, swampy regions in tic tail, similar to the porpoise; the skin Florida. Manatee farming, as a specialis black, and is sparsely covered with ty, might prove in fact an alluring busshort, thick hair.

iness and far more profitable than orange This animal does not cut a graceful growing, which has brisk competition in figure or move about easily on land, but other countries. Nothing is more cerit can go with speed through the water. tain than that the world will always pay The manatee cannot defend himself at well for its rarer delicacies—as the sharp all. He does not bite, and is at your

demands of the human appetite attest.

A NOBLE ENGLISH HOME. On the twenty-second day of July, 1661, , gardener," who courteously showed him Mr. Samuel Pepys, direct from London, the house, the chapel “with brave picrode to Hatfield, where he arrived “be tures,” and also the gardens, which esfore twelve o'clock,” which was very

pecially pleased the curious visitor, who good riding for that portly, worthy gen

made the note in his diary that he'never tleman. There he was fortunate enough saw such in all his life; nor so good flowto meet with “Mr. Looker, my lord's ers, nor so great gooseberries, as big as

nutmegs.” Several seasons later, this Hatfield, the home of the Salisburys time it was in August, 1667, good Mr. from the time that their ancestor, Robert Pepys and his excellent wife, with “our Cecil, second son of the illustrious Lord coach and four,” paid another visit to Burleigh, exchanged Theobalds with the the old market-town. They stopped at arbitrary pedantic, James I., though "the inn next my Lord Salisbury's called a "House,” is really a castle or a house," where they dined and “were palace, and a splendid one at that. It mighty merry,” after which they walked covers with its courts and outbuildings out in the park and the vineyard, which somewhere between three and four acres he styled "a place of great delight." of ground, and its stately towers rising

Two hundred years denotes age to us. above the noble trees can be seen miles But Hatfield is nearly the same to-day as and miles away. It is built of brick, in it was in those far-away days of the sev the form of a half H, after the most apenteenth century, when the gossipy proved style of Elizabethan architecture. Pepys visited its halls and walked under In the center is a portico of nine arches, the grand old trees. The gardens are and a lofty tower, on the front of which still as beautiful, the noble palace as is the date 1611; and each of the two stately, as gracious as ever; still mighty wings has two turrets with pretentious fine to look at. There still stands the cupola roofs. tower from the window of which, accord The story of Hatfield House goes back ing to tradition, the Princess Elizabeth eight hundred years or more.

It has envied the lot of the humble milkmaid, seen fetes and revels galore, and weland in the park still towers the great oak comed proprietors more puissant even under which she received the news of than the noble Cecils. The manor of her accession to the throne. In fact, it Hetfelle, as it is called in Doomsday, is said that no home in the kingdom, was granted by King Edgar to the Abbey erected at so early a date, remains so of St. Ethelred, at Ely; and upon the entire as Hatfield; none other is so little erection of that abbey into a Bishopric, changed, all the additions and re-erec in the reign of Henry I., 1108, it is suptions having been made accordant with posed to have acquired the designation the original style. In spite of the pas of Bishop's Hatfield. One of the warlike sage of years, in spite of the depreda and luxurious bishops built a feudal tions of a great fire, much of the origi structure here in the twelfth century, and nal house, all of its foundations, and more than one English king was entermany a real and enduring relic which tained within its walls. William of Hat. Pepys saw, remain unaltered to-day. field, second son of Edward III., was

As the ancestral home of the accom born here. Bluff King Hal took posses. plished Salisbury, present Premier of the sion of it in 1628, and after that monarch British Empire, Hatfield House natur the castle was successively the residence ally possesses interest not only to En of Edward VI. immediately before his glishmen, but to those claiming English accession, of Queen Elizabeth during the descent, and when to this living interest reign of her sister Mary, and of James I. is added the historic vista of centuries, Robert, the first earl of Salisbury, built in the transition from the hill fortress of the present mansion, 1608-1611, and the the Norman period to the picturesque next year, dying, left it to his son Wilmansion of the Elizabethan age, much liam, the second earl. may be expected from the olden story, as bearer of the family honors is the eighth well as from the instant interest which earl of the line and the third marquis, attaches to the present distinguished having inherited his title upon the death

of his father in 1868. "Castle of the ancient time,

We saw Hatfield on a beautiful sumGlory, splendor, all are thine;

mer day, the reality of Longfellow's And, as in a flowing rhyme,

''perfect day,”a day: All thy beauties richly shine."

"On which shall no man work, but play,"

The present


Perhaps no one has thought of it, but the old castles and manor houses need summer sunshine for “beauty's heightening;' they are too stern and grim at other times. We saw this one in June, in the atmosphere of umbrageous oaks and green fields, and the place could never have looked lovelier. The dull, red bricks and fine gardens were rich with warmth and color imparted by the sunlight. The eighteen miles' ride from London had been passed in some two hours and a half, and we stood at last under the shadow of the great tower which has looked down on many a grand pageant and will probably look down on many more. The Marquis had not returned from his London house in Arlington Street, and so the palace was open to visitors, at which, as the enthusiastic Pepys would have said, we were mightily pleased.

The brick entrance to the park and grounds are of a date earlier than the reign of Henry VIII.; and the Tudor carvings and ornamentations are alike quaint and picturesque. After entering, all that remains of the old palace inhabited by Edward VI.and Queen Elizabeth meets the eye. A large portion of this is used as stabling and other offices. The chamber which Queen Elizabeth occupied is situated on the north side of this building; the exterior, of darkened brickwork still, is partly overgrown with ivy. The stable has a wooden roof springing from grotesque corbel , heads and is lighted from windows partly filled with stained glass on each side. This apartment is very lofty and of great size, and was the banqueting hall of the old pal

were kept the Christmas merrymakings; and at Shrovetide, 1556, Sir Thomas Pope, the governor of the castle, made for the “Ladie Elizabeth, alle at his own costes, a great and rich maskinge, in the great hall at Hatfielde, where the

pageants were marvellously furnished.”

At night the cupboard of the hall was richly garnished with gold and silver vessels, and a “banquet of sweete dishes, and after a voide of spices and a suttletie in thirty spyce, all at the charges of Sir Thomas Pope.” On the

next day was the play of Holaphernes, Queen Mary, however, did not approve of these “folliries,” and intimated in letters to Sir Thomas that those “disguisings” must cease.

The principal entrance to the mansion is at the northern front; both here and at the south front three pairs of metal gates were placed in October, 1846, when the Marquis of Salisbury, the premier's father, was honored by a visit of Her Majesty and the Prince Consort. By the north entrance you are admitted into a spacious hall, which leads to a gallery of great length, open on one side by a sort of trellis work to the lawn. This hall is in itself a storehouse of curiosities. Arms that men captured from the Spanish Armada, Queen Elizabeth's saddlecloth that she rode on at Tilbury, weapons taken in the Crimean War, models, etc., enough to interest the visitor's attention for hours, are shown in this noble hall. It was in this wing that the fire broke out in November, 1835, when the Dowager Marchioness of Salisbury, the grandmother of the present marquis, perished in the flames. The building has been well restored; and in the carved wood-work of a mantelpiece in one of the chambers an oval frame has been introduced, containing a well-painted portrait of the deceased marchioness when she was a young girl.

In the chapel at the other end is a stained-glass window, of considerable brilliancy. It is of Flemish work, and contains, in compartments, scenes from Bible history. The light streams in from the numerous windows on the dark, oak floor, and lights up cabinets and furniture of curious workmanship. Here is a state chair once used by Queen Elizabeth, and the hat which, we are told, she wore when she received the messenger in the park. There are several famous pictures in this room, among them a head of Henry VIII., by Holbein; heads of Henry's queens; a characteristic portrait of Elizabeth and other historic personages. The room can have changed but little through many a long year. As it looks now so it must have looked, one fancies, to Pepys, and pretty much so to



King James I., when he was entertained there two hundred and seventy odd years ago. The bedroom in which James lodged has the fittings, it is said, exactly as when the king last used them.

The grand staircase is one of the most magnificent features of this palace home. It is ascended by a flight of five landings, and occupies a space of thirty-five feet by twenty-one in dimension. The balusters are massive and boldly carved in the Italian form; above the hand-rail are represented griffins, armorial lions and other devices; and there is a carved hatch-gate, probably to keep the favorite dogs from ascending to the drawingrooms. The wall is hung with choice portraits of the Cecils by Lely, Vandyke, Kneller, Reynolds, etc. Some of these Pepys could never have seen, but the stairway itself he must have passed over on that memorable visit of his. How many noble, how many graceful feet must have walked up and down these stately stairs since his day!

At the foot of the staircase is the door of the dining parlor, and over it a white marble bust of Lord Burleigh. This room is paneled throughout with oak and has an enriched chimney-piece and ceiling. Over the mantel, in gilded letters, is the family motto of the Cecils: Sero sed serio-Late, but seriously.” I could not help thinking that most of the family had caught the inspiration of it.

They have all been hard workers; the first earl worked himself to death in the service of King James, and the present marquis is a tremendous toiler. Adjoining the dining parlor are the summer, breakfast and drawing rooms. These apartments are in the east front, and the remainder of the wing on the ground floor is occupied by spacious private apartments, furnished in the olden taste.

On ascending the staircase, the first apartment entered is the great chamber, called King James' Room, nearly sixty feet long, and twenty-seven wide, and lighted by three immense oriel windows. The vast apartment has the ceiling elaborately decorated in the Florentine style. The whole of the furniture is heavily gilt. The grand staircase also communi

cates with the upper end of the great hall, or as it is called, the Marble Hall, fifty feet by thirty. It is lighted by three bay windows on the side and an oriel at the upper end, near which the lord's table stood in the "golden days" of our ancestors. There is an open gallery at one side enriched with carving, amidst which are introduced lions, forming part of the insignia of the family, bearing shields of the cartouche form, on which are blazoned the arms.

The room is paneled with oak and the walls lined with splendid tapestry brought from Spain.

A gallery one hundred and sixty feet long, hung with valuable paintings and decorated with statues and suits of armor, leads to the library, which is one of the grandest rooms in the mansion. Pepys does not speak of it, but as he saw it, and as others saw it long before Pepys, so we see it to-day. It contains one of the most valuable collections of art, books and MSS. in the kingdom. Here are relics also, and we are shown the oak cradle of Elizabeth, the pair of silk stockings presented to her by Sir Thomas Gresham, and the purse of James I.

The picturesque park and gardens have many interesting objects, besides charming prospects, the richly-colored brick-work harmonizing with the various shades of verdure. They are the crowning glory, the eye of Hatfield. The garden facing the east front is in the ancient geometrical style of the seventeenth century, and below it is a maze which belongs to the same period of taste.

We did not notice the gooseberries, but assuredly Pepys would feel at home could he once more visit the scene. The vineyard is entered through an avenue of yew trees cut in singular shapes straight and solid as a wall, with arches formed by the branches and imitating a fortress, with towers, loop-holes and battlements; and from the center tursed steps descending to the River Lea. No one can imagine the bewitching beauty and quietness of these Armada gardens, whispering of the last enchantment of

« הקודםהמשך »