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it all through with his own pencil. I pearl handled knife would be of great serhad opened it upon the lines: “Thou vice, but it was my only available weapon shalt not fear the arrow that fieth by as neither gun nor pistol was loaded. day nor the terror that cometh by night.” What time was it? Would daylight And yet I turned to Ma and said: “I never come? How could they sleep so! should not wonder if that Indian would Why had we stopped here? Over and follow us. Ma regarded this as most over again these torturing thoughts improbable, as did also our driver. passed through my mind. A slight Before sundown we came to a broad sound, scarce more than the rustle of meadow, and across the road above it an autumn leaf caused my heart to leap ran two streams about two rods apart. with sudden conviction: “He is here!" Ma surveyed the locality with a pleasant I leaned forward, and with the point of smile and said: “John, we'll camp here, my penknife pressed down the openthere is such good feed for the horses." ing I had made in the cover, and felt as “O, no, let us go on to the settlement, though I had turned to stone. John lay that Indian might come to-night.” asleep upon his back, the Indian kneel“Nonsense, girl, I'm going to stay right | ing at his left side leaned over him, here."

rested his weight upon his left hand, and Those words came back to us and I with his right drew from under the piltried to dismiss the fear: “Fear not for low of the sleeper (as phantom-like the the arrow that flieth by day nor the words flew past me; "Fear not * terror that cometh by night.” It was a nor the terror that cometh by night") lonely spot and we soon prepared our a glittering knife! evening meal, our horses rambling close And John asleep! As the Indian by. The sun went down, and a lonely raised the shining blade in the moonlight, stillness seemed to draw around us, the sleeper woke, looked, and without a even the chirp of an occasional home word drew the Indian's pistol from his flying bird had a sharp note to my ear,

belt and by a turn of his wrist, pointed it and the ripple of the two streams that upward into his dark face. The Indian in sunlight had been so musical, now drew backward, still upon his knees, tortured me because I could not listen and John raised upon his elbows. "Give above their voices. Ma and Nellie re me my pistol," demanded the Indian. tired to bed early but I could not, and “Give me my knife,"answered John; and sat in front of the carriage, the cover of each grasping his own and holding to which was closely buttoned from top to the other, John rose to his knees, to his bottom.

feet-and then-each had his own! SteadThe tongue pointed northward, and in ily the face of hate looked into the other, front of us, with his head to the east, but the dark gray eyes never quailed nor close to the tongue, John Ames lay the muscles trembled. “How many asleep. Several times Ma urged me to are in the wagon?" asked the baslie down, but I answered: “I cannot, I fled Indian. “Three,” was the answer. am watching for that Indian; he will be At this moment my mother woke and here; if it were not for those streams I asked "What is that?" I leaned down could hear, distinctly, what I believe to to her and whispered “hush-it is that be the restless pawing of his horse's feet, Indian talking with John.” Nellie, our as he waits for a later hour."

darling, began to cry. “Don't," I begged She could not believe me and turned her, “he will hear you and take courage; back to her rest, but I still sat there the worst is over." more convinced as the time wore on. I I turned back to the little cut in the could not judge of the time, for even cover; the Indian was going. He stepped the moments seemed long, and at last I lightly across the tongue, disappeared opened my penknife and cut a few in the bushes, and a few moments later stitches in the seam in the cover, just in the hoof-beats sounded upon the air. front of me. I did not think my little "John-he is gone, isn't he?” “Who?"

asked John. "That Indian, of course. the Indian cry grew fainter in the disI've been watching you through this tance, and at last the three mile drive was cover and I saw you wake.”

near its end. We drove into the town, "Ma, if you all want to stay here and into its very centre and came to a stop be killed, you may; I'm going on into in the middle of the street, in a chuckthe settlement. He's only foiled, and hole of mud. “Never mind, we are has gone for help; he'll be back.” “I safe, we can stay right here till mornguess not,” ventured John, but Maing," said my dear mother. After John added, "we'll all go. John, get up the had tied our horses to a fence close by horses and we'll help.” While he was and had spread his blankets upon the bringing them to the carriage, we gath- ground, he looked at his watch: "Two ered up all our camping outfit and Nellie o'clock." Then he came to me and helped him harness the four horses. took my hand. “Little girl, if you had "Load the arms John,” said Ma, and he screamed, it would have been all over did so without losing time. I climbed with us before this.” Then I quoted up to the front seat beside the driver. that verse to John, and he looked at the “Shan't I drive, and you take the guns? sky, and solemnly said, "Good night." You can't do both.” He reflected a mo Some years after, I again traveled that ment: You hold them 'till they're road, and was back in the cover of the needed, then we'll change," he replied. wagon. There was something in the "Come back here, foolish girl," called grind of the wheels in the sand that Ma and Nellie clinging to my dress; but roused us. I listened, and in a few I sat still and watched across the stretch moments we crossed a little stream, a of cedars and brush, to where along the gravelly bank, and then again, rippling mountain a fire had just been lighted,

water. "What place is this, Brother and then another and another as he rode

Snow?" “Pioneer Creek, Sister Auand wakened the night air with his

gusta." "Yes—I know it!” echoing whoop and cry.

Augusta Joyce Crocheron. Our four horses fairly flew along the road, the signal fires grew smaller and Faith is belief that impels to action.


BOGOTA. The situation of Bogota, it is said, led

grees north, but nine thousand feet above the eminent Humboldt to remark that it the level of the sea, it forms “a temperstood upon its own grave; it being his ate zone upon the very verge of the opinion that in one of the earthquakes

equator.” So equable is the climate to which the whole extent of the Andes

that there may be said to be no change is subject, the city would be engulfed.

of season, or rather that there reigns a To the traveler who with difficulty as

perpetual spring. The mean temperacends the parched banks of the Magde

ture is about fifty-seven degrees (F.). lena, the Sabana–with its encircling

March, April, and May, and Septemchain of mountains and the extinct vol

ber, October, and November, constitute cano of Tolima, snow-capped and cloud the wet seasons, and June, July, and ridden in the distance, its cultivated fields August, and December, January, and and green potreros dotted with hacien February, the dry; and generally it is das, its silvery lakes and trees crowned

warmest in February, and coldest in with an eternal verdure, and Santa Fe

December, although the houses extending amphitheatre-like at its feet

never artificially warmed. Both cereals is a scene of marvelous beauty. Its

and vegetables are sown twice a year, breezes are deliciously cool and invigor

viz., in February and September, and harating. In latitude four and a half de

vested in July and January. Corn, wheat,


barley, rice, potatoes, and all the principal and other interior lines are contemvegetables of the temperate zone are plated. Its inland and isolated situation grown, while in the market of Bogota may has made Bogota as a city one of the be seen, every day in the three hundred least progressive of the capitals of South and sixty-five of the calendar, apples, America, and more than any other, perpeaches, pears, plums, and strawberries, haps, it retains its old Spanish aspects. side by side with crude sugar, chocolate The majority of its houses are of one in the bean, unthreshed coffee, plantains, story, because of the prevalence of pineapples, oranges, lemons, cocoa-nuts, earthquakes, but there are many of two fresh figs, the exquisitely aromatic pomo and three stories. Their exterior is not rasa, the aguacate, the different varieties unprepossessing, but with tile roofs little of cactus fruit, chirimoyas, curubas, achitectural effect can be attempted. granadas, and granadillas, mangos, nis The material is generally adobe, or sunperos; mameyes, guayabas-in short, the dried brick, and the walls receive a choicest products of both zones in prodi

thickness of from two to three feet. gal profusion. Their growth is merely a Within-doors, at least the better classes question of altitude, a day's ride in al live as comfortably as in other parts of most any direction sufficing to bear the the world, and many of the private resitraveler through all gradations of climate dences are luxuriously appointed. There from tierra fria to tierra caliente, and is invariably an open interior court called the reverse.

patio, in the center of which is perhaps The principal trees are the eucalyptus à fountain, surrounded by numerous and and the willow, while flowers of all kinds beautiful flowers and plants which bloom abound; especially noticeable are the perpetually. Although they have to be many varieties of the orchis and the transported across the Cordilleras at rose, and of the latter, one of the petals great cost, upon the backs of peones, of which are green. The ordinary do pianos, generally of German manufacmestic animals are found, and at a less ture, are common. Instead of carpets, altitude, in the tropical forest, the fero which harbor fleas--the greatest pests cious tigre, or jaguar, innumerable and of the city--a peculiar matting known as deadly serpents, and birds of most bril estera is often employed. The walls are liant plumage. The lakes near the city usually papered, occasionally outside as are peopled at all seasons by thousands well as within. The roofs project over of wild teal. Fish are brought from the the narrow sidewalk, and furnish a parBogota and Magdelena rivers.

tial protection from the rain. The prinThe mineral wealth of the surround cipal streets are paved or macadamized, ing hills may be considered inexhausti and are built at right angles to each other. ble, but it is undeveloped. The com They are, however, narrow, and in the merce or trade of Bogota proper is esti centre of each is a cano, or surface mated at about forty millions of dollars sewer, often indifferently supplied with yearly, and would be much greater but water, which conveys the refuse of the for its inaccessibility. From New York city to the plain below. In the construcone takes the Atlas line of steam ships tion of the houses but little regard is to Barranquilla, the direct passage occu had for hygienic principles, and the pying a dozen days; thence by steam sanitary regulations of the city are inboat up the Magdelena to Honda, a jour- adequate, or at least indifferently obeyed. ney of from ten days to a month, The basements of the principal houses depending entirely upon the

state in Calle Real and Calle Florian-the of the water; and from Honda to business streets-are rented as stores, Bogota upon mules across the Cordil but in other parts of the city they are leras, a distance of only seventy-five occupied by the poorer classes, who miles, from three to five days are neces crowd into these dark and close tenesary.

There is being constructed, how ments, together with poultry, cats and ever, a railroad to the Magdelena River, dogs, monkeys and parrots, etc., where

they live, cook, eat and sleep in the same fore it resists the progress of the ball apartment. Innumerable chicherias, equally on all sides, and only affects the shops in which is made and sold chicha, ball's velocity. The same is true if the a cheap but not unwholesome drink of ball, is spinning on an axis lying along fermented corn, and similar to the "still

its course. beer” of whiskey manufacturers, are But in the case we have to consider, found.

where the ball is spinning on an axis The city is supplied with water from square to its course, the cushion of comtwo mountain streams, the San Fran pressed air formed by the advancing ball cisco and San Augustin, which flow has no longer this symmetrical shape. through its limits, by means of public On the advancing side of the spinning fountains placed in the plazas. Gas has surface the air cannot escape so readily been introduced, and the principal streets as it would if there were no spin; on the are well lighted at night and patroled by other side it escapes more readily than police. According to a recent census, it would but for the spin, Hence the Bogota contains a population of eighty

cushion of air is thrown toward that side four thousand seven hundred and twenty of the ball where the spin is forward, three; three thousand residences, and

and removed from the other side. The three thousand five hundred stores and same thing then must happen as where shops.

H. R. Lemly. a ball encounters a cushion aslant. A

ball driven squarely against a very soft SCIENCE OF THE BASE BALL CURVE. cushion plunges straight into it, turning -When a ball (or in fact any missile) is neither to the right nor the left, or if advancing rapidly through the air, there deflected at all (as against a billiard is formed in front of it a small aggrega

cushion), comes straight back on its tion of compressed air. (In passing, we course; but if driven aslant against the may remark that the compressed air in cushion, it is deflected from the region front of an advancing cannon ball has

of resistance. So with the base ball. been rendered discernible-we As the cushion of air against which it is hardly say

visible-by instantaneous advancing is not opposed squarely to it, photography.) In shape the cushion of but is stronger on one side than on the air is conical-or rather conoidal-if the other, the ball is deflected from the ball is advancing without spin;and there- region of greatest resistance.- Proctor.


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VENTION. The summer of 1887 will be remembered in the political history of Utah, for the meeting of the fifth convention called for the purpose of framing a Constitution for the State of Utah, and asking admission into the American Union. The circumstances attending the late convention, which called it into being, and the labor it performed are of peculiar interest to the people of the Territory, and will remain so to the end of their history. Especially, if, as a final result thereof, the admission of the Territory into the Union shall be realized.

The strained relations of the people of the Territory with the general government, the discord existing between political parties within the Territory; the anomaly of a free people, possessing every requisite qualification for self government, being so abjectly subordinate to the power of the Federal government, had caused lovers of American institutions, and friends of the misrepresented people of our Territory, to join in deep reflection upon means for our political freedom, and the settlement of questions that have so obstinately forbidden our progress to the full sovereignty of Statehood. A proposition for such a settlement, it was conceived, might be made by the people of the Territory, irrespective of political class or distinction, and as initiatory thereto, the following call was issued by the Territorial Central Committee of the People's Party HEADQUARTERS PEOPLE'S TERRITORIAL


SALT LAKE City, June 6th, 1887. To the People of Utah:

Deeming the time propitious for a movement on the part of the citizens of this Territory for

the securing of their full rights and privileges under the Constitution of the United States, we the Territorial Central Committee of the People's Party, representing the large majority of the population, hereby call upon the people of Utah, irrespective of party, creed or class, 10 assemble in mass conventions in their several counties, at such places as the People's County Central Committee may designate, on Saturday, June 25th, 1887, at 12 noon, for the purpose of choosing delegates to a Constitutional Convention to be held in the City Hall, Salt Lake City, on Thursday, June, 30th, 1887, at 12 o'clock, noon, for the purpose of framing and adopting a constitution and taking measures for the admission of Utah into the Union as a free and sovereign State. And, desiring that the entire people of the Territory should have an opportunity for participating in this effort for free government, we invite the central committees of all the political parties in the Territory to join in this movement, with the understanding that if they so co-operate, each party shall receive recognition and be accorded its fair quota cf representation in the Constitutional Convention.

This convention shall consist of seventy-five delegates, to be apportioned among the respective counties as follows; Beaver, two; Box Elder, three; Cache, seven; Davis, three; Emery, two; Garfield, one; Iron and San Juan, two; Juab, two; Kane, one; Millard, two; Morgan, one; Piute, one; Rich, one; Salt Lake, sixteen; Sanpete, five; Sevier, three; Summit, three; Tooele, two; Utah, eight; Uintah and Wasatch, two; Washington, two; Weber, six.

Utah with its large, intelligent and enterprising population, its varied and rapidly growing industries, its agricultural, manufacturing, mining and commercial interests, its brilliant prospects and its strong devotion to the principles of free government, ought no longer to be bound by Territorial restraints, but should be permitted to step forward into the responsibilities and privileges of statehood and become fully identified with those great commonwealths which, joined in the Federal Union, constitute the foremost nation of the nineteenth century. Every lover of his country should aid in the promotion of this good cause and, burying local antagonisms, secure that unity which will result in placing Utah on the highway to financial prosperity and influence as one of the brightest stars in the national galaxy.

By the People's Territorial Central Committee.

John R. Winder, Chairman. Elias A. Smith, Sec'y.

In addition to the general call, representative officers of the Republican and

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