תמונות בעמוד

declaration, a friend of Rolfe handed his letter to Sir Thomas Dale. He read it, probably laughed heartily, and, at once giving up his plan of laying waste the Indian Territory, took Pokahontas back to Jamestown, where she was soon afterwards married to Rolfe.

These are all the known facts thus far in the life of Pokahontas, who proceeded to live "civilly and lovingly” with her husband, bore him a son, "whom she loved dearly," and, two or three years afterwards, accompanied Sir Thomas Dale to England. On the face of this array of commonplace incidents, there is nothing to support the hypothesis of any attachment to Smith beyond mere friendship; but soon after her arrival in England, a single incident in addition again supported the theory, and gave, indeed, a very strong warrant for it.

As soon as the ship containing Pokahontas, her husband and child reached Plymouth, intelligence of her arrival was carried to London, and the event aroused general interest. It was known that she was a princess, and the first Indian that had married an Englishman. There was then a mild sensation that soon grew very strong. Smith was the occasion of this. Hearing of the arrival of Pokahontas, he wrote an eloquent and glowing letter to the Queen, described the scenes in which she had preserved his life on two different occasions, and declared that, "during the time of two or three years, she, next under God, was still the instrument to preserve this colony from death, famine, and utter confusion.” The letter attracted the attention of the court to Pokahontas, who speedily became the fashion, and was visited by the nobility near London; but it was only when he was about to set sail for New England that Smith, who was in London, went to see her.

A brief account of what took place in this interview remains, and seems to support the original view of the feelings of Pokahontas. At sight of Smith she covered her face with her hands, and for a long time remained entirely silent. They then conversed with each other in private, and among other things she

said: They did always tell me you were dead, and I knew no other till I came to Plymouth.” This statement leaves no doubt at least of one fact, that some person or persons in Virginia, as far back as 1613, when she was carried a prisoner to Jamestown had informed her that Smith was dead. As she remained under that conviction until her arrival in England in 1616, she accepted the attentions of Rolfe, and married him believing Smith dead; and her union with Rolfe, therefore, is reconcilable with her previous attachment to the soldier.

Their interview seems to have been brief, and one of passionate feeling, full of reproaches and tears on the part of Pokahontas, and apparently of a vague embarrassment on the part of Smith. It is not difficult to understand why he should have experienced some embarrassment. There is nothing to indicate that his attachment for her exceeded that of a grateful friend. She had preserved his life, and he sincerely admired her courage and devotion, but that was all. His life in Virginia had been stormy and anxious; he had no leisure for sentiment or romance.

But it seems that the case had been very different with the Indian girl dreaming in the York woods. There is no unanswerable testimony that such was the fact, but all the indications support the hypothesis; and her marriage to another person does not contradict it, since she believed Smith to be dead. The interview at Brentford seems to have been their first and last in England. Smith sailed on one of his voyages, and in the ensuing March Pokahontas died, making “a pious and Godly end,” just as she was about to sail for Virginia with her husband and child. It may interest some readers to know that this child be. came a gentleman of note, and that eminent persons in Virginia have descended from him, among them John Randolph of Roanoke.

IN THE ADIRONDACKS. Nature's charms of mountain, lake and forest are so lavishly outspread throughout the extent of the wild Adi

rondack region, that there is but one way which now widens out into Eagle Lake of obtaining adequate impressions of it; and Utowana Lake, and now dwindles and that is, to take it bit by bit.

away to nothing, compelling you to lug The most luxuriant and varied scenery your belongings overland for half a mile lies about the Blue Mountain and Ra to the marshy Marion, which enters Raquette Lakes. These are two connected quette Lake from the east. sheets of water, lying on the southwest Raquette Lake is a bewildering and ern borders of the great hill country, but enchanting aggregation of bays, islands, still quite within the limits of the "forest straits and wooded points. Be your obprimeval." New Yorkers reach them by ject hunting, fishing, sightseeing or going up the Hudson to Saratoga, branch idling, you may safely set up your camp ing off north by west on the Adirondack on the Raquette's indented shores. Railway to North Creek, whence a There are hotels here, Bennett's and thirty-five-mile ride on the springy buck others; but camps are its specialty. The board, or by old-fashioned coach, brings woods are full of them. The more prethem to Blue Mountain Lake. Here are tentious of these camps, such as Hathree or four hotels, including that mam thorn's, Echo, Pine Knot, The Cedars, moth mountain caravansary, the Pros Fair View, The Antlers, Teneyck's, and pect House. The mountain is three Hasbrouck's, are astonishing combinathousand eight hundred and twenty-four tions of urban elegance with the freedom feet high, and the lake has an altitude of and unconventionality of the forest. nearly two thousand feet. There is Pianos and pine knots, Turkish rugs and scarcely a lovelier bit of water amongst cedar boughs, spring mattresses and all the Adirondack Trosachs.

pine logs, campfires and French cuisine, This is a great place for beginning the all contribute towards making life in the regulation mountain journey. You hire woods an idyllic delight. The average a guide, with his Adirondack boat-the Adirondack camp, however, is a much latter weighing about seventy pounds, more primitive affair-sometimes a log and wonderfully capacious for its "heft.” "lean-to;" sometimes a bark-thatched This is an important consideration ; for "open” camp, with a deep, odorous carthere are “carries” along the route, pet of pine and cedar boughs. But it where you have to take up boat, baggage has just as much fresh air, clear water, and all, and walk. The guide is also a bright sunshine and balsamic fragrance philosopher and friend, a born sports as the proudest of its neighbors-and man, and an accomplished cook. It is these are what the tourist comes to the he who makes mountain travel a pas Adirondacks chiefly to find. time, and camp life a luxury. He conducts you, say, from Blue Mountain Lake A profane upstart—The man who sat westward through an erratic waterway, on a bent pin.

THE WEATHER. There is one science which is within the vane, are the simple instruments it the grasp

of every mind, and which, to employs; its field of observation is the be successfully cultivated, requires no terrestrial atmosphere, the regular movepreparation, and furnishes an admirable ments and perturbations of which it resource for those who have a taste for analyses. the observation of natural phenomena. This practical part of the science is It is what we may call the science of not to be despised; for though the exrain and fine weather, but which now planations are often untrue, the facts receives the higher title of meteorology.

which form the basis are generally cerThe 'barometer, the thermometer, and tain. The red moon, for instance, does

not merit all the blame that is laid upon wise observer will not flatter himself that it, but the period of the year when it ne can predict cold summers, warm winappears

is very dangerous for young ters, or any remarkable perturbations; shoots, too often frosted by the cold that would be to speculate too largely night. It is especially in mountainous on the credulity of the public. It is countries, where the weather is uncer only for a short time beforehand that tain, and changes with great rapidity, this can be done, and when, by long that this local knowledge of climates is observation, a perfect knowledge of the most to be appreciated. In the Alps, climate has been acquired. By watchtravelers may trust almost blindly to ing whence the wind blows, it is possible, those excellent guides whose prudence with much confidence, to announce what is admirable; if a storm imprison you in will be the next variation, and deduce some lonely châlet, the guide goes from from it the change likely to ensue in the time to time to sniff the air at the door,

weather. This is as much as to say that to look at the different quarters of the

the law of the wind is not arbitrary, but horizon, and when he gives the signal

submissive to a general law. for departure, you may set off without There is a curious fact connected with fear. The way in which the fog climbs the direction of the wind, which is not the side of the mountain, the height generally known. A wind blowing from which it reaches, the point where it the east may in reality be a west wind accumulates, give him valuable indica drawn out of its course. Let us explain. tions. The sailors possess a similar The researches of the clever German, science; they know the threatening signs Herr Dove, have laid down a law of of a storm, the menacing aspect of the the rotation of winds. The air particisky, the clouds accumulated in dark pates in the rotatory movement of the heavy masses, the color of the waves, earth round its axis; nothing at the pole, the particular form of foam-like crests this movement attains more and more which float over the blue water, the in rapidity as it reaches the equator. When, dented appearance of the horizon indi from any particular cause, a mass of air cating an angry and agitated sea.

is driven towards the equator, it arrives Meteorology is not yet a settled science; at a region where the rapidity of the its efforts have in no one point been earth's motion is greater than its own; crowned with complete success. Its

the result is, that the polar current adimmediate object is the knowlege of the vances more slowly to the east than those weather; but we speak of this without parts of the earth which are beneath it, analysing the complex elements which and it appears to an observer on the enter into that simple term. Well or ill,

earth to move from east to west. Thus, we all feel, more or less, the atmospheric it will be understood that all winds changes around us, as the air is charged coming from the north pole are, in conwith heat and cold, humidity or dryness, sequence of our planet's motion, deviand the electric current; these act on ated from the direct line towards the . our health, our temper, and the develop west, and are gradually changed to east ment of animal and vegetable life. The winds. If the current be equatorial, and change of a fraction of a degree in the moves upwards to the north, as it penemean temperature, would be a decree of trates into latitudes where the movement death to thousands of animated beings, of the earth lessens, it, preserving its and the invalid is obliged to go from first rapidity, veers more quickly towards climate to climate, in search of one the east than the parts of the land over which can mitigate his sufferings.

which it blows, thus making the wind Besides consulting the barometer, we

appear westerly. need to know the direction of the wind All aerial currents originate in a difand the general state of the sky. These ference of temperature in various parts elements are most important in appreci of the atmosphere. Take an island, for ating the changes that are coming. A example: the surface of the earth is

more quickly heated than the water; the Ocean, and is charged with an immense air above the former growing lighter and quantity of vapor. The warmth and lighter, will rise higher, and be replaced damp make the barometer fall; peneby that of the surrounding sea, which is trating into a cold country, the vapor is commonly called the sea-breeze. At condensed-in winter, causing rain or night, the inverse phenomena take place snow; in summer, rain; and the weather —the island cools more quickly than the becomes mild, because the many layers sea, and the land-breeze sets in. This of cloud intercept the sun's rays like a may be taken on a larger scale in the screen. If the south-west wind congreat terrestrial masses of the Asiatic tinues to blow, the air recovers its usual continent, and the Indian Ocean, which temperature, the clouds disperse, the sky surrounds it; the sea and land breezes is clear, and soon the overpowering heat then become what sailors call the mon begins which prepare the storms. It is soons, winds which blow during one to the equatorial current that Ireland part of the year, from the burning lands owes the be

tiful vegetation which has of the interior, and in an opposite direc caused it to be named “Green Erin." tion during the other. Then take the The predominance of these winds will whole world, and it may be understood also explain why ships can come more why the planet being always heated rapidly from the United States to Engunder the tropics, and frozen at the land, than the opposite way. poles, two fundamental and permanent The tempests which arise in the temcurrents are established, blowing in perate zones are much less important opposite directions. About the equator and irregular than those which find their these are distinctly separated, lying cradle in the tropics. They are apparsuperimposed without mingling; the ently owing to the meeting of the polar lower forming the trade-winds, which and equatorial currents, which, instead are so constant and favorable to naviga of crossing or lying in parallel strata tion. In our zone, the hot and cold above each other, meet directly in front. winds are in continual conflict, and it is When one of these masses refuses a pasowing to this perpetual opposition that sage to the other, it produces a great the extreme variableness of our climate accumulation of air, and the barometer is partly due.

rises very rapidly. Sadly deceived will This successive predominance of the he be who, trusting to the barometrical winds determines the most general pecu scale, should prophecy a fine season; a liarities of our climate. The north and frightful storm will soon show the fallacy north-west winds come from the pole, of his predictions. the air is cold, and consequently heavy; Another remarkable law as regards the barometer rises; the air it meets is winds has to be kept in mind. Often in charged with heat and damp, the north the case of storms, the wind, or it may wind grows warmer, and takes posses be hurricane, sweeps round in a circle. sion of the watery vapor, carrying away It may not appear to do so, because the and dissolving the clouds. In winter, circle is perhaps very broad. The curthis wind brings a clear, cold season; in rent, however, is a kind of whirlwind. summer, it also clears the sky, and Thus the wind reported as driving from moderates the heat.

In winter, the west to east at the British Channel, may polar wind has a westerly tendency; in

be the same wind which is said to be summer, more easterly; and in our part blowing in a contrary direction in a of Europe, the latter reaches us in a dry northern latitude. Hence the great value state, having swept the vast regions of of meteorological stations, from which the north of Asia, the Ural mountains, notices may be sent as warnings to the

navigator. The equatorial current reaches Eng By the teachings which it affords, meteland from the south-west; it has passed orology furnishes immense assistance to over the liquid plain of the Atlantic the marine service; every year, the num

and Russia.

[ocr errors]

ber of shipwrecks ought to diminish as the narrow circle into which our passions the laws of nature in her wildest fury are are too liable to confine us, and shows better known, and since the electric tele us the consolation to be found in the congraph places so many countries in com templation of an infinite world. The munication. Indeed, that part of the murmurs of the forest, the confused acnew science is without contradiction the cents of a superhuman language, the most useful and essential branch, and shore where the waves are for ever rising seamen of all nations now rival each and falling, the night with its numberless other in adding fresh material to that worlds shining upon us, give us the which Maury first drew up. Terrestrial highest kind of sensations; they act on meteorology is also subject to the same that hidden sense lost in the depths of general laws as the seas ; but whilst the our being, on the native poetry which surface of the ocean offers no obstacle to sleeps in every animated being. The the winds, the earth, on the contrary, by study of the world consoles and strengththe variable height of the ground, the ens, provided we seek the divine eleparticular nature of some districts, by ment in it; the storms of the sky are less topographical accidents, and by the dangerous than those of the soul, and it ranges of mountains, complicates the is sometimes wiser to contemplate the phenomena.

capricious forms of clouds, than the varThe observation of the great physical iations of men.-Chamber's Journal. phenomena of nature is not only useful, but a fruitful source of pleasure, and a A wise son heareth his father's instrucperpetual subject of interest; it enlarges tion.-Bible.

A NORWEGIAN WHALE HUNT. We are in the middle of a flock of seen some forty whales, but none have giants of the sea. The enormous brown come within range. The gun has no cerand blue bodies rise out of the sea; the tainty much beyond thirty yards, so that back is bent upward, it looks like the the whale must be nearly under the bottom of a capsized ship; it disappears; ship’s bow when firing. As we stand but the sea becomes almost calm where looking at this magnificent spectacle, the whale went down, and several min the water close around the ship suddenly utes elapse before the waves are able to becomes light green in color, and someconquer the calm. From time to time what calm. Then a deep, heavy thundeep dull snorts are heard, thundering der; the ship trembles from stem to stern; and trembling, as if the deepest strings a great column of dampness is shot into of a dozen double-basses were being the air, drenching us all; a dull snort, and played down below; and at others a an enormous blue whale rises out of the sharp swishing sound, like an enormous sea a few yards on our starboard side. fountain suddenly set to play, and a col Now the captain will fire, we think, involumn of crystal spray ascends some thirty untarily holding on to the wire rigging; feet into the air. The gigantic, glisten but Foyn stands by his gun without making body appears on the surface; the back ing the least movement, and the next is bent upward a second, and it again second the whale again descends into his disappears. It looks as if the whale was watery home. The range was probably warm and comfortable enough; the sea not a good one.

A few minutes after the water, to us looking so cold, plays pleas same thunder, the same sensation, the antly around it; hot steam issues from its same column and the same snortdilated nostrils, and it seems like a man another whale appears on the port side. enjoying a refreshing morning dip. Dur: The captain turns the gun while we watch ing the last quarter of an hour we have with beating hearts the movements of

« הקודםהמשך »